List of Turkish football champions

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Turkish football champions
Turkey emblem round.png
Founded
1959
Number of teams
18
Current champions
Fenerbahçe
Country
 Turkey
Most successful club
Galatasaray & Fenerbahçe
(19-time champions)

The Turkish football champions are the winners of the primary football league in Turkey, Süper Lig. The league is contested on a round robin basis and the championship is awarded to the team that is top of the league at the end of the season. Turkish football league, first established in 1959, originally contained sixteen teams. Süper Lig is contested by 18 teams; the three lowest-placed teams are relegated to the 1. Lig and replaced by the top three teams in that division. Of the founding teams in Turkish football league, only Beşiktaş JK, Fenerbahçe SK and Galatasaray SK have not been relegated. Galatasaray and Fenerbahçe are the most successful clubs; have won 19 titles, respectively, as of 2014. No other club has won the title on more than five occasions; the most recent club other than Fenerbahçe and Galatasaray to win the league is Bursaspor in the 2009–10 season. Galatasaray has won the Turkish version of The Double the most, having won the league and cup in the same year five times in its history. Galatasaray is the only Turkish team that has won a European cup, which is the UEFA Europa League, along with the league and Türkiye Kupası in the same season.[1][2][3]

History[edit]

Football in Turkey stems back to the late 19th century, when Englishmen brought the game with them while living in Thessaloníki. The first league competition was the Istanbul Football League, which took place in 1904–05. The first champions were Imogene FC. The league went through several variations until the creation of the Milli Lig in 1959. Between the creation of the Istanbul Football League and Milli Lig, several other city leagues took place: Adana (1923), Ankara (1923), Eskişehir (1920), Izmir (1923), Kayseri (1936), and Trabzon (1923). The Milli Küme was the first step towards a national league competition. Started in 1937, the Milli Küme was an inter-city competition between clubs in Ankara, Istanbul, and İzmir. The competition lasted until 1950. The Federation Cup was created in 1956 and used as a cup competition to decide a champion. This champion would go on to participate in the European Cup. The cup competition was held for two years until it was replaced by the Milli Lig. Beşiktaş won both times, and represented twice Turkey in the European Cup during the two-year span.[4][5][6]

The top clubs from Ankara, Istanbul, and İzmir competed in the 1959 Milli Lig. The first season took place in the calendar year of 1959, instead of 1958-59, because the qualifying stages took place in 1958. The clubs who competed in the first season were Adalet, Beşiktaş, Galatasaray, Beykoz, Fatih Karagümrük, Fenerbahçe, Istanbulspor, Vefa (Istanbul), Ankaragücü, Ankara Demirspor, Gençlerbirliği, Hacettepe (Ankara), Altay, Göztepe, İzmirspor, Karşıyaka (İzmir). Five of these clubs are competing in the 2010–11 Süper Lig (Beşiktaş, Fenerbahçe, Galatasaray, Ankaragücü, and Gençlerbirliği). The first champions were Fenerbahçe and the first Gol Kralı (Goal King) was Metin Oktay. No clubs were promoted or relegated during the first season.[7]

The 2.Lig (Second League) was created at the start of the 1963–64 season and the Milli Lig or Turkish National League became known as the 1.Lig (First League). Before the creation of a second league, the bottom three clubs competed with regional league winners in a competition called the Baraj Games. The top three teams of the seven team group were promoted to the Milli Lig. After the creation of a new second division in 2001, known as the 1.Lig, the formerly titled 1.Lig became the Süper Lig.[8]

Champions[edit]

Year Winner Runner Up Third Place Manager
1959 Fenerbahçe (1) Galatasaray Hungary Ignác Molnár
1959–60 Beşiktaş (1) Fenerbahçe Galatasaray Hungary András Kuttik
1960–61 Fenerbahçe (2) Galatasaray Beşiktaş Hungary László Székely
1961–62 Galatasaray (1) Fenerbahçe Beşiktaş Turkey Gündüz Kılıç
1962–63 Galatasaray (2) Beşiktaş Fenerbahçe Turkey Gündüz Kılıç
1963–64 Fenerbahçe (3) Beşiktaş Galatasaray Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Miroslav Kokotović
1964–65 Fenerbahçe (4) Beşiktaş Galatasaray England Oscar Hold
1965–66 Beşiktaş (2) Galatasaray Gençlerbirliği Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Ljubiša Spajić
1966–67 Beşiktaş (3) Fenerbahçe Galatasaray Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Ljubiša Spajić
1967–68 Fenerbahçe (5) Beşiktaş Galatasaray Hungary Ignác Molnár
1968–69 Galatasaray (3) Eskişehirspor Beşiktaş Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Tomislav Kaloperović
1969–70 Fenerbahçe (6) Eskişehirspor Altay Romania Traian Ionescu
1970–71 Galatasaray (4) Fenerbahçe Göztepe Turkey Coşkun Özarı
1971–72 Galatasaray (5) Eskişehirspor Fenerbahçe England Brian Birch
1972–73 Galatasaray (6) Fenerbahçe Eskişehirspor England Brian Birch
1973–74 Fenerbahçe (7) Beşiktaş Boluspor Brazil Didi
1974–75 Fenerbahçe (8) Galatasaray Eskişehirspor Brazil Didi
1975–76 Trabzonspor (1) Fenerbahçe Galatasaray Turkey Ahmet Suat Özyazıcı
1976–77 Trabzonspor (2) Fenerbahçe Altay Turkey Ahmet Suat Özyazıcı
1977–78 Fenerbahçe (9) Trabzonspor Galatasaray Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Tomislav Kaloperović
1978–79 Trabzonspor (3) Galatasaray Fenerbahçe Turkey Özkan Sümer
1979–80 Trabzonspor (4) Fenerbahçe Zonguldakspor Turkey Ahmet Suat Özyazıcı
1980–81 Trabzonspor (5) Adanaspor Galatasaray Turkey Özkan Sümer
1981–82 Beşiktaş (4) Trabzonspor Fenerbahçe Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Đorđe Milić
1982–83 Fenerbahçe (10) Trabzonspor Galatasaray Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Branko Stanković
1983–84 Trabzonspor (6) Fenerbahçe Galatasaray Turkey Ahmet Suat Özyazıcı
1984–85 Fenerbahçe (11) Beşiktaş Trabzonspor Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Todor Veselinović
1985–86 Beşiktaş (5) Galatasaray Samsunspor Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Branko Stanković
1986–87 Galatasaray (7) Beşiktaş Samsunspor Germany Jupp Derwall
1987–88 Galatasaray (8) Beşiktaş Malatyaspor Turkey Mustafa Denizli
1988–89 Fenerbahçe (12) Beşiktaş Galatasaray Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Todor Veselinović
1989–90 Beşiktaş (6) Fenerbahçe Trabzonspor England Gordon Milne
1990–91 Beşiktaş (7) Galatasaray Trabzonspor England Gordon Milne
1991–92 Beşiktaş (8) Fenerbahçe Galatasaray England Gordon Milne
1992–93 Galatasaray (9) Beşiktaş Trabzonspor Germany Karl-Heinz Feldkamp
1993–94 Galatasaray (10) Fenerbahçe Trabzonspor Germany Reiner Hollmann
1994–95 Beşiktaş (9) Trabzonspor Galatasaray Germany Christoph Daum
1995–96 Fenerbahçe (13) Trabzonspor Beşiktaş Brazil Carlos Alberto Parreira
1996–97 Galatasaray (11) Beşiktaş Fenerbahçe Turkey Fatih Terim
1997–98 Galatasaray (12) Fenerbahçe Trabzonspor Turkey Fatih Terim
1998–99 Galatasaray (13) Beşiktaş Fenerbahçe Turkey Fatih Terim
1999–00 Galatasaray (14) Beşiktaş Gaziantepspor Turkey Fatih Terim
2000–01 Fenerbahçe (14) Galatasaray Gaziantepspor Turkey Mustafa Denizli
2001–02 Galatasaray (15) Fenerbahçe Beşiktaş Romania Mircea Lucescu
2002–03 Beşiktaş (10) Galatasaray Gençlerbirliği Romania Mircea Lucescu
2003–04 Fenerbahçe (15) Trabzonspor Beşiktaş Germany Christoph Daum
2004–05 Fenerbahçe (16) Trabzonspor Galatasaray Germany Christoph Daum
2005–06 Galatasaray (16) Fenerbahçe Beşiktaş Belgium Eric Gerets
2006–07 Fenerbahçe (17) Beşiktaş Galatasaray Brazil Zico
2007–08 Galatasaray (17) Fenerbahçe Beşiktaş Turkey Cevat Güler
2008–09 Beşiktaş (11) Sivasspor Trabzonspor Turkey Mustafa Denizli
2009–10 Bursaspor (1) Fenerbahçe Galatasaray Turkey Ertuğrul Sağlam
2010–11 Fenerbahçe (18) Trabzonspor Bursaspor Turkey Aykut Kocaman
2011–12 Galatasaray (18) Fenerbahçe Trabzonspor Turkey Fatih Terim
2012–13 Galatasaray (19) Fenerbahçe Beşiktaş Turkey Fatih Terim
2013–14 Fenerbahçe (19) Galatasaray Beşiktaş Turkey Ersun Yanal

Performances[edit]

Clubs[edit]

Team Winners Runners-up Third Place Years won
Fenerbahçe 19 19 6 1959, 1961, 1964, 1965, 1968, 1970, 1974, 1975, 1978, 1983, 1985, 1989, 1996, 2001, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2011, 2014
Galatasaray 19 10 16 1962, 1963, 1969, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1987, 1988, 1993, 1994, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2002, 2006, 2008, 2012, 2013
Beşiktaş 13 14 10 1957*, 1958*, 1960, 1966, 1967, 1982, 1986, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1995, 2003, 2009
Trabzonspor 6 8 8 1976, 1977, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1984
Bursaspor 1 0 1 2010
Eskişehirspor 0 3 2
Adanaspor 0 1 0
Sivasspor 0 1 0
Altay 0 0 2
Samsunspor 0 0 2
Gençlerbirliği 0 0 2
Gaziantepspor 0 0 2
Göztepe 0 0 1
Boluspor 0 0 1
Zonguldakspor 0 0 1
Malatyaspor 0 0 1

*NOTE: Beşiktaş formally requested that championships won in the 1956/57 and 1957/58 versions of the Turkish Federation Cup be counted as Turkish Professional First Division championships to the Turkish Football Federation. The ruling on this matter was announced in a press release on March 25, 2002 which indicated that the championships won by Beşiktaş in the Turkish Federation Cup will be considered as national championships but the Turkish Federation Cup can not be considered as the precursor to the Turkish Professional First Division (later named Süper Lig) and as such these titles can not be categorized as a Turkish Professional First Division (or Süper Lig) titles. Based on this ruling, the Turkish Federation Cup wins by Beşiktaş count towards the star rating system, giving Beşiktaş two more championships for the purposes of the star rating system than the number of Süper Lig titles won by the club.

Manager[edit]

Manager Titles Winning Years
Turkey Fatih Terim 6 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2012, 2013
Turkey Ahmet Suat Özyazıcı 4 1976, 1977, 1980, 1984
England Gordon Milne 3 1990, 1991, 1992
Germany Christoph Daum 3 1995, 2004, 2005
Turkey Mustafa Denizli 3 1987, 2001, 2009
Turkey Gündüz Kılıç 2 1962, 1963
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Ljubuša Spajić 2 1966, 1967
Hungary Ignác Molnár 2 1959, 1968
England Brian Birch 2 1972, 1973
Brazil Didi 2 1974, 1975
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Tomislav Kaloperović 2 1969, 1978
Turkey Özkan Sümer 2 1979, 1981
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Branko Stanković 2 1983, 1986
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Todor Veselinović 2 1985, 1989
Romania Mircea Lucescu 2 2002, 2003
Hungary András Kutik 1 1960
Hungary László Székely 1 1961
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Miroslav Kokotović 1 1964
England Oscar Hold 1 1965
Romania Traian Ionescu 1 1970
Turkey Coşkun Özarı 1 1971
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Đorđe Milić 1 1982
Germany Jupp Derwall 1 1987
Germany Karl-Heinz Feldkamp 1 1993
Germany Reiner Hollmann 1 1994
Brazil Carlos Alberto Parreira 1 1996
Belgium Eric Gerets 1 2006
Brazil Arthur Zico 1 2007
Turkey Cevat Güler 1 2008
Turkey Ertuğrul Sağlam 1 2010
Turkey Aykut Kocaman 1 2011
Turkey Ersun Yanal 1 2014

Players[edit]

(at least 5 titles)

Player Titles Winning Years Clubs
Turkey Bülent Korkmaz 8 1988, 1993, 1994, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2002 all with Galatasaray
Turkey Suat Kaya 8 1987, 1993, 1994, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2002 all with Galatasaray
Turkey Hakan Şükür 8 1993, 1994, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2006, 2008 all with Galatasaray
Turkey Arif Erdem 7 1993, 1994, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2002 all with Galatasaray
Turkey Okan Buruk 7 1993, 1994, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2008 all with Galatasaray
Turkey Uğur Köken 6 1962, 1963, 1969, 1971, 1972, 1973 all with Galatasaray
Turkey Şenol Güneş 6 1976, 1977, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1984 all with Trabzonspor
Turkey Rıza Çalımbay 6 1982, 1986, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1995 all with Beşiktaş
Turkey Tugay Kerimoğlu 6 1988, 1993, 1994, 1997, 1998, 1999 all with Galatasaray
Turkey Ergün Penbe 6 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2002, 2006 all with Galatasaray
Turkey Emre Belözoğlu 6 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2011, 2014 Galatasaray (4), Fenerbahçe (2)
Turkey Kadir Akbulut 5 1982, 1986, 1990, 1991, 1992 all with Beşiktaş
Turkey Ali Gültiken 5 1986, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1995 all with Beşiktaş
Turkey Gökhan Keskin 5 1986, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1995 all with Beşiktaş
Turkey Metin Tekin 5 1986, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1995 all with Beşiktaş
Turkey Ulvi Güveneroğlu 5 1986, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1995 all with Beşiktaş
Turkey Hakan Ünsal 5 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2002 all with Galatasaray
Turkey Sergen Yalçın 5 1992, 1995, 2000, 2002, 2003 Beşiktaş (3), Galatasaray (2)
Turkey Hasan Şaş 5 1999, 2000, 2002, 2006, 2008 all with Galatasaray
Turkey Rüştü Reçber 5 1996, 2001, 2005, 2007, 2009 Fenerbahçe (4), Beşiktaş (1)
Turkey Sabri Sarıoğlu 5 2002, 2006, 2008, 2012, 2013 all with Galatasaray
Turkey Volkan Demirel 5 2004, 2005, 2007, 2011, 2014 all with Fenerbahçe
Turkey Selçuk Şahin 5 2004, 2005, 2007, 2011, 2014 all with Fenerbahçe

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.tff.org/default.aspx?pageID=379
  2. ^ https://www.tff.org/default.aspx?pageID=411
  3. ^ 1999–2000 UEFA Cup
  4. ^ Sivritepe, Erdinç Before the Turkish leagues turkish-soccer.com, accessed 22 July 2010
  5. ^ Sivritepe, Erdinç Federation Cup 56/57 turkish-soccer.com, accessed 22 July 2010
  6. ^ Sivritepe, Erdinç Federation Cup 57/58 turkish-soccer.com, accessed 22 July 2010
  7. ^ Sivritepe, Erdinç 1959 Milli Lig turkish-soccer.com, accessed 22 July 2010
  8. ^ Sivritepe, Erdinç 1963-1964 1. Lig turkish-soccer.com, accessed 22 July 2010

External links[edit]