List of Turkish records in swimming

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Turkish records in swimming are ratified by Turkey's national swimming federation: Türkiye Yüzme Federasyonu (TYF).

Long course (50 m)[edit]

Men[edit]

Event Time Name Club Date Meet Location Ref
50m freestyle 22.33 Çelik , Doğa Doğa Çelik Galatasaray 4 July 2013 Turkish Championships Istanbul, Turkey
100m freestyle 49.13 Çelik , Doğa Doğa Çelik Galatasary 3 July 2013 Turkish Championships Istanbul, Turkey
200m freestyle 1:50.40 = Mindan , Aytekin Aytekin Mindan Iyik 25 Januar 2002 - Luxembourg
200m freestyle 1:50.40 h = Gurdal , Kemal Arda Kemal Arda Gurdal Galatasary 22 May 2012 European Championships Debrecen, Hungary [1]
400m freestyle 3:55.00 h Karap , Nezir Nezir Karap Galatasary 18 August 2014 European Championships Berlin, Germany [2]
800m freestyle 8:00.82 Yildirimer , Ediz Ediz Yildirimer FMV Isik Spor 9 July 2011 European Junior Championships Belgrade, Serbia [3]
1500m freestyle 15:25.71 Yildirimer , Ediz Ediz Yildirimer FMV Isik Spor 7 July 2011 European Junior Championships Belgrade, Serbia [4]
50m backstroke 25.89 Duvan , Güven Güven Duvan  Turkey 21 June 2013 Mediterranean Games Mersin, Turkey [5]
100m backstroke 55.05 Büyükuncu , Derya Derya Büyükuncu Irvine Novaquatics 19 June 2008 Olympic Trials DITCH time trial Irvine, California, United States [6]
200m backstroke 1:58.82 Büyükuncu , Derya Derya Büyükuncu Irvine Novaquatics 19 June 2008 Olympic Trials DITCH time trial Irvine, California, United States [7]
50m breaststroke 28.04 h Atasoy , Demir Demir Atasoy Fenerbahçe 30 July 2013 World Championships Barcelona, Spain [8]
100m breaststroke 1:02.01 h Atasoy , Demir Demir Atasoy Fenerbahçe 28 July 2013 World Championships Barcelona, Spain [9]
200m breaststroke 2:16.92 Atasoy , Demir Demir Atasoy Fenerbahçe 27 February 2008 Acik Yas Izmir, Turkey
50m butterfly 24.30 h Baslakov , Iskender Iskender Baslakov  Turkey 24 June 2013 Mediterranean Games Mersin, Turkey [10]
100m butterfly 53.97 Uras , Onur Onur Uras - July 2008 Georgia Sectional Atlanta, United States
200m butterfly 2:00.71 h Ergenekan , Can Can Ergenekan - August 1993 European Championships Sheffield, United Kingdom
200m individual medley 2:04.33 Nazar , Deniz Deniz Nazar Fenerbahçe 29 February 2008 Acik Yas Izmir, Turkey
400m individual medley 4:24.66 Nazar , Deniz Deniz Nazar Fenerbahçe 2 August 2007 - Izmir, Turkey
4×50m freestyle relay 1:47.42 Fenerbahçe 2008 Minikler Turkey
4×100m freestyle relay 3:18.79  Turkey 22 June 2013 Mediterranean Games Mersin, Turkey [11]
4×200m freestyle relay 7:25.67  Turkey 23 June 2013 Mediterranean Games Mersin, Turkey [12]
4×50m medley relay 1:57.47 Fenerbahçe 2008 Minikler Turkey
4×100m medley relay 3:41.58  Turkey 25 June 2013 Mediterranean Games Mersin, Turkey [13]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by Türkiye Yüzme Federasyonu; WRWorld record; EREuropean record;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

Women[edit]

Event Time Name Club Date Meet Location Ref
50m freestyle 25.22 Dolunay , Burcu Burcu Dolunay Galatasary 5 May 2012 Turkish Championships Istanbul, Turkey
100m freestyle 55.29 Dolunay , Burcu Burcu Dolunay Galatasary 2 May 2012 Turkish Championships Istanbul, Turkey
200m freestyle 2:03.38 h Bozkurt , Gizem Gizem Bozkurt Fenerbahçe 22 August 2014 European Championships Berlin, Germany [14]
400m freestyle 4:19.33 Eroglu , Merve Merve Eroglu - 18 June 2011 - Istanbul, Turkey
800m freestyle 8:55.35 Giresunlu , Yesim Yesim Giresunlu Enka 10 Jul 2009 European Junior Championships Prague, Czech Republic
1500m freestyle 17:07.16 Giresunlu , Yesim Yesim Giresunlu Törökország 25 June 2011 Hungarian Championships Debrecen, Hungary [15]
50m backstroke 29.10 Sarikaya , Hazal Hazal Sarikaya FMV Isik Spor Kulübü 30 April 2011 Balkan Junior Swimming Championships Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina [16]
100m backstroke 1:02.58 Sarikaya , Hazal Hazal Sarikaya FMV Isik Spor Kulübü 25 March 2011 French Championships Strasbourg, France [17]
200m backstroke 2:14.93 h Zeren , Halime Zulal Halime Zulal Zeren  Turkey 22 June 2013 Mediterranean Games Mersin, Turkey [18]
50m breaststroke 32.04 Gunaydin , Dilara Buse Dilara Buse Gunaydin Galatasary 25 June 2013 Mediterranean Games Mersin, Turkey [19]
100m breaststroke 1:09.00 Gunaydin , Dilara Buse Dilara Buse Gunaydin Fenerbahçe 21 June 2013 Mediterranean Games Mersin, Turkey [20]
200m breaststroke 2:28.20 Gunaydin , Dilara Buse Dilara Buse Gunaydin Fenerbahçe 23 June 2013 Mediterranean Games Mersin, Turkey [21]
50 m butterfly 27.10 Rosenberger , Iris Iris Rosenberger Fenerbahçe 21 Apr 2008 - Berlin, Germany
100m butterfly 1:00.61 Rosenberger , Iris Iris Rosenberger Fenerbahçe 28 Jun 2009 Mediterranean Games Pescara, Italy
200m butterfly 2:14.26 Rosenberger , Yasemin Yasemin Rosenberger - 13 May 2012 German Championships Berlin, Germany
200m individual medley 2:17.08 Bozkurt , Gizem Gizem Bozkurt Fenerbahçe 21 June 2013 Mediterranean Games Mersin, Turkey [22]
400m individual medley 4:56.45 h Bozkurt , Gizem Gizem Bozkurt Fenerbahçe 18 August 2014 European Championships Berlin, Germany [23]
4×100m freestyle relay 3:47.35  Turkey 21 June 2013 Mediterranean Games Mersin, Turkey [24]
4×200m freestyle relay 8:25.01  Turkey 24 June 2013 Mediterranean Games Mersin, Turkey [25]
4×100m medley relay 4:07.56
 Turkey 27 May 2012 European Championships Debrecen, Hungary [26]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by Türkiye Yüzme Federasyonu; WRWorld record; EREuropean record;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

Mixed relay[edit]

Event Time Name Club Date Meet Location Ref
4×100m mixed freestyle relay 3:35.79
 Turkey 22 August 2014 European Championships Berlin, Germany [27]
4×100m mixed medley relay 4:00.75 h
 Turkey 19 August 2014 European Championships Berlin, Germany [28]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by Türkiye Yüzme Federasyonu; WRWorld record; EREuropean record;
Records not set in finals: h – heat

Short course (25 m)[edit]

Men[edit]

Event Time Name Club Date Meet Location Ref
50m freestyle 21.69 h Gürdal , Kemal Arda Kemal Arda Gürdal Galatasary 22 November 2012 European Championships Chartres, France [29]
100m freestyle 47.56 sf Gürdal , Kemal Arda Kemal Arda Gürdal Galatasary 23 November 2012 European Championships Chartres, France [30]
200m freestyle 1:45.22 h Gürdal , Kemal Arda Kemal Arda Gürdal Galatasary 25 November 2012 European Championships Chartres, France [31]
400m freestyle 3:48.56 h Karap , Nezir Nezir Karap  Turkey 14 December 2012 World Championships Istanbul, Turkey [32]
800m freestyle 7:59.39 Yildirimer , Ediz Ediz Yildirimer  Turkey 16 December 2012 World Championships Istanbul, Turkey [33]
1500m freestyle 15:07.60 Yildirimer , Ediz Ediz Yildirimer  Turkey 16 December 2012 World Championships Istanbul, Turkey [34]
50m backstroke 23.49 Baslakov , Iskender Iskender Baslakov  Turkey 15 December 2012 World Championships Istanbul, Turkey [35]
100m backstroke 50.76 Baslakov , Iskender Iskender Baslakov  Turkey 13 December 2012 World Championships Istanbul, Turkey [36]
200m backstroke 1:51.08 h Büyükuncu , Derya Derya Büyükuncu Galatasary 10 Dec 2009 European Championships Istanbul, Turkey [37]
50m breaststroke 27.35 Atasoy , Demir Demir Atasoy - 24 December 2010 Turkish Winter Championships Istanbul, Turkey
100m breaststroke 59.57 h Aslanoglu , Ömer Ömer Aslanoglu Galatasary 10 Dec 2009 European Championships Istanbul, Turkey [38]
200m breaststroke 2:09.60 Nazar , Deniz Deniz Nazar Fenerbahçe 25 December 2011 Turkish Championships Istanbul, Turkey
50m butterfly 23.35 sf Baslakov , Iskender Iskender Baslakov  Turkey 25 November 2012 European Championships Chartres, France [39]
100m butterfly 53.33 Atasay , Serkan Serkan Atasay Fenerbahçe 18 December 2008 - Istanbul, Turkey
200m butterfly 1:58.43 Atasay , Serkan Serkan Atasay Fenerbahçe 29 December 2007 - Istanbul, Turkey
100m individual medley 52.93 Atasay , Serkan Serkan Atasay Fenerbahçe 13 Dec 2009 European Championships Istanbul, Turkey [40]
200m individual medley 1:59.79 h Atasay , Serkan Serkan Atasay Fenerbahçe 10 Dec 2009 European Championships Istanbul, Turkey [41]
400m individual medley 4:11.35 h Ornek , Alpkan Alpkan Ornek  Turkey 4 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [42]
4×50m freestyle relay 1:27.42
Turkey Turkey 25 November 2012 European Championships Chartres, France [43]
4×100m freestyle relay 3:13.73
 Turkey 12 December 2012 World Championships Istanbul, Turkey [44]
4×200m freestyle relay 7:30.37 Iyik 17 March 2005 - Istanbul, Turkey
4×50m medley relay 1:35.67  Turkey 12 December 2013 European Championships Herning, Denmark [45]
4×100m medley relay 3:34.06 h
 Turkey 16 December 2012 World Championships Istanbul, Turkey [46]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by Türkiye Yüzme Federasyonu; WRWorld record; EREuropean record;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

Women[edit]

Event Time Name Club Date Meet Location Ref
50m freestyle 24.83 sf Dolunay , Burcu Burcu Dolunay Galatasary 25 November 2012 European Championships Chartres, France [47]
100m freestyle 53.65 Dolunay , Burcu Burcu Dolunay Galatasary 23 November 2012 European Championships Chartres, France [48]
200m freestyle 2:00.58 h Dolunay , Burcu Burcu Dolunay Galatasary 14 Nov 2009 World Cup Berlin, Germany [49]
400m freestyle 4:14.17 h Giresunlu , Yesim Yesim Giresunlu Enka 12 Dec 2009 European Championships Istanbul, Turkey [50]
800m freestyle 8:45.91 Giresunlu , Yesim Yesim Giresunlu Enka 17 October 2009 Milli Takim Secme Istanbul, Turkey
1500m freestyle 17:26.61 Inkaya , Ezgi Ezgi Inkaya Enka 9 February 2007 - Marmaris, Turkey
50m backstroke 27.52 rh Avramova , Ekaterina Ivanova Ekaterina Ivanova Avramova  Turkey 4 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [51]
100m backstroke 59.46 h Avramova , Ekaterina Ivanova Ekaterina Ivanova Avramova  Turkey 3 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [52]
200m backstroke 2:09.15 Zeren , Halime Zulal Halime Zulal Zeren  Turkey 15 December 2013 European Championships Herning, Denmark [53]
50m breaststroke 31.06 so Günaydin , Dilara Buse Dilara Buse Günaydin Fenerbahçe 12 December 2012 World Championships Istanbul, Turkey [54]
100m breaststroke 1:06.61 h Günaydin , Dilara Buse Dilara Buse Günaydin Fenerbahçe 14 December 2012 World Championships Istanbul, Turkey [55]
200m breaststroke 2:23.69 Günaydin , Dilara Buse Dilara Buse Günaydin Fenerbahçe 23 November 2012 European Championships Chartres, France [56]
50m butterfly 26.52 sf Rosenberger , Iris Iris Rosenberger Fenerbahçe 23 November 2012 European Championships Chartres, France [57]
100m butterfly 58.74 sf Rosenberger , Iris Iris Rosenberger Fenerbahçe 24 November 2012 European Championships Chartres, France [58]
200m butterfly 2:10.60 h Rosenberger , Yasemin Yasemin Rosenberger Fenerbahçe 10 Dec 2009 European Championships Istanbul, Turkey [59]
100m individual medley 1:02.35 h Dilek , Ceren Ceren Dilek  Turkey 23 November 2012 European Championships Chartres, France [60]
200m individual medley 2:15.00 Bozkurt , Gizem Gizem Bozkurt Fenerbahçe 22 December 2011 Turkish Championships Istanbul, Turkey
400m individual medley 4:50.43 h Bozkurt , Gizem Gizem Bozkurt Fenerbahçe 11 December 2011 European Championships Szczecin, Poland [61]
4×50m freestyle relay 1:41.77
 Turkey 22 November 2012 European Championships Chartres, France [62]
4×100m freestyle relay 3:47.77 h
 Turkey 15 December 2012 World Championships Istanbul, Turkey [63]
4×200m freestyle relay 8:25.16 h
 Turkey 3 December 2014 World Championships Doha, Qatar [64]
4×50m medley relay 1:50.21
 Turkey 25 November 2012 European Championships Chartres, France [65]
4×100m medley relay 4:04.51
Fenerbahçe 2005 -
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by Türkiye Yüzme Federasyonu; WRWorld record; EREuropean record;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial

Mixed relay[edit]

Event Time Name Club Date Meet Location Ref
Mixed 4×50m freestyle relay 1:33.14
 Turkey 24 November 2012 European Championships Chartres, France [66]
Mixed 4×50m medley relay 1:43.56 h  Turkey 23 November 2012 European Championships Chartres, France [67]
Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by Türkiye Yüzme Federasyonu;
Records not set in finals: h – heat

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Men's 200m Freestyle Heats Results". Omega Timing. 22 May 2012. Retrieved 10 June 2012. 
  2. ^ "Men's 400m Freestyle Heats Results". Microplus Informatica. 18 August 2014. Retrieved 27 August 2014. 
  3. ^ "Men's 800m Freestyle Results". www.serbia-swim.org.rs. 9 July 2011. Retrieved 23 March 2012. 
  4. ^ "Men's 1500m Freestyle Results". www.serbia-swim.org.rs. 7 July 2011. Retrieved 23 March 2012. 
  5. ^ "Men's 50m Backstroke Results". www.info.mersin2013.gov.tr. 21 June 2013. Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
  6. ^ "Olympic Trial Ditch Meet Results". www.socalswim.org. 22 August 2008. 
  7. ^ "Olympic Trial Ditch Meet Results". www.socalswim.org. 22 August 2008. 
  8. ^ "Men's 50m Breaststroke Heats Results". Omega Timing. 30 July 2013. Retrieved 9 December 2013. 
  9. ^ "Men's 100m Breaststroke Heats Results". Omega Timing. 28 July 2013. Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  10. ^ "Men's 50m Butterfly Heat 3 Results". www.info.mersin2013.gov.tr. 24 June 2013. Retrieved 4 July 2013. 
  11. ^ "Men's 4×100m Freestyle Results". www.info.mersin2013.gov.tr. 22 June 2013. Retrieved 25 June 2013. 
  12. ^ "Men's 4×200m Freestyle Results". www.info.mersin2013.gov.tr. 23 June 2013. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  13. ^ "Men's 4×100m Medley Results". www.info.mersin2013.gov.tr. 25 June 2013. Retrieved 4 July 2013. 
  14. ^ "Women's 200m Freestyle Heats Results". Microplus Informatica. 22 August 2014. Retrieved 3 September 2014. 
  15. ^ "Hungarian Championships Day 4 Results". Swimming World Magazine. 25 June 2011. Retrieved 25 June 2011. 
  16. ^ "Girls 50m Backstroke Results". www.plivanje.info. 30 April 2011. Retrieved 22 August 2011. 
  17. ^ "100m: Gilot, Meynard In; Bernard Out". www.swimnews.com. 25 March 2011. Retrieved 22 August 2011. 
  18. ^ "Women's 200m Backstroke Results". www.info.mersin2013.gov.tr. 22 June 2013. Retrieved 25 June 2013. 
  19. ^ "Women's 50m Breaststroke Results". www.info.mersin2013.gov.tr. 25 June 2013. Retrieved 4 July 2013. 
  20. ^ "Women's 100m Breaststroke Results". www.info.mersin2013.gov.tr. 21 June 2013. Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
  21. ^ "Women's 200m Breaststroke Results". www.info.mersin2013.gov.tr. 23 June 2013. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 
  22. ^ "Women's 200m IM Results". www.info.mersin2013.gov.tr. 21 June 2013. Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
  23. ^ "Women's 400m IM Heats Results". Microplus Informatica. 18 August 2014. Retrieved 27 August 2014. 
  24. ^ "Women's 4×100m Freestyle Relay Results". www.info.mersin2013.gov.tr. 21 June 2013. Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
  25. ^ "Women's 4×200m Freestyle Results". www.info.mersin2013.gov.tr. 24 June 2013. Retrieved 4 July 2013. 
  26. ^ "Women's 4x100m Medley Relay Results". Omega Timing. 27 May 2012. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  27. ^ "Mixed 4x100m Freestyle Results". Microplus Informatica. 22 August 2014. Retrieved 22 August 2014. 
  28. ^ "Mixed 4x100m Medley Heats Results". Microplus Informatica. 19 August 2014. Retrieved 27 August 2014. 
  29. ^ "Men's 50m Freestyle Heats Results". Omega Timing. 22 November 2012. Retrieved 27 November 2012. 
  30. ^ "Men's 100m Freestyle Semifinal Results". Omega Timing. 23 November 2012. Retrieved 6 December 2012. 
  31. ^ "Men's 200m Freestyle Heats Results". Omega Timing. 25 November 2012. Retrieved 10 December 2012. 
  32. ^ "Men's 400m Freestyle Heats Results". Omega Timing. 14 December 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  33. ^ "Men's 1500m Freestyle Results". Omega Timing. 16 December 2012. Retrieved 12 January 2013. 
  34. ^ "Men's 1500m Freestyle Results". Omega Timing. 16 December 2012. Retrieved 12 January 2013. 
  35. ^ "Men's 50m Backstroke Results". Omega Timing. 15 December 2012. Retrieved 25 December 2012. 
  36. ^ "Men's 100m Backstroke Results". Omega Timing. 13 December 2012. Retrieved 25 December 2012. 
  37. ^ "Results Men's 200m Backstroke Heats". Omega Timing. 10 December 2009. Retrieved 2 January 2010. 
  38. ^ "Results Men's 100m Breaststroke Heats". Omega Timing. 10 December 2009. Retrieved 22 December 2009. 
  39. ^ "Men's 50m Butterfly Semifinal Results". Omega Timing. 25 November 2012. Retrieved 17 December 2012. 
  40. ^ "Results Men's 100m IM". Omega Timing. 13 December 2009. Retrieved 25 December 2009. 
  41. ^ "Results Men's 200m IM Heats". Omega Timing. 10 December 2009. Retrieved 28 January 2010. 
  42. ^ "Men's 400m IM Heats Results". Omega Timing. 4 December 2014. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  43. ^ "Men's 4x50m Freestyle Relay Results". Omega Timing. 25 November 2012. Retrieved 6 December 2012. 
  44. ^ "Men's 4x100m Freestyle Relay Results". Omega Timing. 12 December 2012. Retrieved 23 December 2012. 
  45. ^ "uropean Short Course Champs: Pair of "World Records," Sterling European Mark Highlight Night One". Swimming World Magazine. 12 December 2013. Retrieved 12 December 2013. 
  46. ^ "Men's 4x100m Medley Relay Heats Results". Omega Timing. 16 December 2012. Retrieved 22 January 2013. 
  47. ^ "Women's 50m Freestyle Semifinal Results". Omega Timing. 25 November 2012. Retrieved 7 December 2012. 
  48. ^ "Women's 100m Freestyle Results". Omega Timing. 23 November 2012. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  49. ^ "Results Women's 200m Freestyle Heats". Omega Timing. 14 November 2009. Retrieved 22 November 2009. 
  50. ^ "Results Women's 400m Freestyle Heats". Omega Timing. 12 December 2009. Retrieved 23 March 2010. 
  51. ^ "Mixed 4x50m Medley Relay Heats Results". Omega Timing. 4 December 2014. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  52. ^ "Women's 100m Backstroke Heats Results". Omega Timing. 3 December 2014. Retrieved 13 December 2014. 
  53. ^ "European Short Course Championships: Vlad Morozov Finishes With Seven Golds". Swimming World Magazine. 15 December 2013. Retrieved 16 December 2013. 
  54. ^ "FINA World Championships 2012 - Women's 50m Breaststroke Swim-off Results". Omega Timing. 12 December 2012. Retrieved 12 December 2012. 
  55. ^ "Women's 100m Breaststroke Heats Results". Omega Timing. 14 December 2012. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  56. ^ "Women's 200m Breaststroke Results". Omega Timing. 23 November 2012. Retrieved 6 December 2012. 
  57. ^ "Women's 50m Butterfly Semifinal Results". Omega Timing. 23 November 2012. Retrieved 18 December 2012. 
  58. ^ "Women's 100m Butterfly Semifinal Results". Omega Timing. 24 November 2012. Retrieved 18 December 2012. 
  59. ^ "Results Women's 200m Butterfly Heats". Omega Timing. 10 December 2009. Retrieved 1 June 2010. 
  60. ^ "Women's 100m IM Heats Results". Omega Timing. 23 November 2012. Retrieved 12 December 2012. 
  61. ^ "Women's 400m IM Heats Results". Omega Timing. 11 December 2011. Retrieved 23 March 2012. 
  62. ^ "Women's 4x50m Feestyle Relay Results". Omega Timing. 22 November 2014. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  63. ^ "Women's 4x100m Freestyle Relay Heats Results". Omega Timing. 15 December 2012. Retrieved 22 January 2013. 
  64. ^ "Women's 4×200m Freestyle Heats Relay Results". Omega Timing. 3 December 2014. Retrieved 3 December 2014. 
  65. ^ "Women's 4x50m Medley Relay Results". Omega Timing. 25 November 2012. Retrieved 13 December 2012. 
  66. ^ "Mixed 4x50m Freestyle Relay Results". Omega Timing. 24 November 2012. Retrieved 11 December 2012. 
  67. ^ "Mixed 4x50m Medley Relay Heats Results". Omega Timing. 23 November 2012. Retrieved 14 December 2012. 

External links[edit]