List of U-boat types

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Type VIIB U-boat

List of U-boat types contains lists of the German U-boat types (submarine classes) used in World War I and World War II.

The anglicized word U-boat is usually only used as reference for German submarines in the two World Wars and therefore postwar submarine in the Bundesmarine and later German Navy are not included.

In the period between the two World Wars the Reichsmarine of the Weimar Republic was not allowed to build submarines according to the Treaty of Versailles; development was undertaken secretly through a Dutch company NV Ingenieurskantoor voor Scheepsbouw before the mid-1930s. The terms of the Anglo-German naval agreement acknowledged the official building of new U-boats.

World War I[edit]

This list contains the German U-boats types prior or during the First World War.

U-boat types of World War I
Type Year of introduction Number of U-boats completed Comments
U 1 1906 1
U 2 1906 1
U-3 1907 2
U-5 1908 4
U 9 1908 4
U 13 1909 3
U-16 1909 1
U-17 1910 2
U-19 1910 4
U-23 1911 4
U-27 1912 4
U 31 1912 11
U-43 1914 8
U 51 1914 6
U 57 1914 6
U 63 1915 3
U 66 1913 5
U 81 1915 6
U 87 1915 6
U 93 1915 22
U 115 1916 0
U 127 1916 0
U 139 1916 3
U 142 1916 1
U 151 1916 7
UA 1912 1
UB I 1914 17
UB II 1915 30
UB III 1916 95
UC I 1914 15
UC II 1915 64
UC III 1916 16
UD 1 1918 0
UE I 1915 10
UE II 1916 9
UF 1918 0

World War II[edit]

This list contains the German U-boats types prior or during the Second World War.

U-boat types of World War II
Type Year of introduction Number of U-boats built Comments
IA 1934 2
IIA 1935 6
IIB 1934 20
IIC 1937 8
IID 1939 16
V 1940 1 This U-boat is also known as V-80.
VIIA 1935 10
VIIB 1936 24
VIIC 1938 568
VIIC/41 1941 91
VIIC/42 1942 0
VIID 1940 6 Designed to be used as mine layer.
VIIF 1941 4 Designed to be used as torpedo transport.
IX 1936 8
IXB 1937 14
IXC 1939 54
IXC/40 1940 87
IXD1 1940 2[1] rebuilt as long range transports
IXD2 1940 28
IXD/42 1942 2[2] (+ 4 cancelled) never participated in WWII
XB 1939 8 Designed to be used as mine layer.
XI 1937 0 not ordered
XIV 1940 10 Designed to be used as supply U-boat.
XVIIA 1942 4
XVIIB 1943 3
XVIII 1943 0 2 laid down, not completed
XXI 1943 118
XXIII 1943 61

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U-180 and U-195 were boats of type IXD1.
  2. ^ U-883 and U-884 were boats of type IXD/42.

External links[edit]