List of U.S. National Historic Landmarks by state

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The United States National Historic Landmark Program is designed to recognize and honor the nation's cultural and historical heritage. The program was formally inaugurated with a series of listings on October 9, 1960; as of April 22, 2014, there are 2,532 designated landmarks. A National Historic Landmark (NHL) is a building, site, structure, object, or district, that is officially recognized by the United States government for its national historical significance. A National Historic Landmark District (NHLD) is a historic district that is recognized as an NHL. Its geographic area may include contributing properties that are buildings, structures, sites or objects, and it may include non-contributing properties.

The program is administered by the National Park Service (NPS), a branch of the Department of the Interior. The National Park Service determines which properties meet NHL criteria and makes nomination recommendations after an owner notification process.[1] The Secretary of the Interior reviews nominations and, based on a set of predetermined criteria, makes a decision on NHL designation or a determination of eligibility for designation.[2] Both public and privately owned properties can be designated as NHLs. This designation provides indirect, partial protection of the historic integrity of the properties via tax incentives, grants, monitoring of threats, and other means.[1] Owners may object to the nomination of the property as a NHL. When this is the case the Secretary of the Interior can only designate a site as eligible for designation.[2]

All NHLs are also included on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP), a list of some 80,000 historic properties that the National Park Service deems to be worthy of recognition. The primary difference between a NHL and a NRHP listing is that the NHLs are determined to have national significance, while other NRHP properties are deemed significant at the local or state level.[1]

Tabular listing[edit]

Most landmark designations are in one of the 50 states. New York is the state with the most (260), and New York City, with 109 designations, is the city with the largest number of designations. Of the states, North Dakota has the fewest designations with six. Three cities (New York City, Philadelphia, and Boston) have enough listings to warrant lists separate from their respective states.

A small number of designations have been made outside the 50 states. Most of these appear in United States possessions. The Virgin Islands have five listings, Puerto Rico has four, and island possessions in the South Pacific have six. Five listings are found in Pacific island nations with which the U.S. has established a free association agreement, and one listing, the American Legation in Tangier (the nation's first foreign public property), is found in the unaffiliated Kingdom of Morocco.

State or
region
Number of
landmarks
Earliest
declared[3]
Latest
declared[3]
Example
Alabama 37 October 9, 1960 March 11, 2013 Dexter Avenue Baptist.jpg
Alaska 49 January 20, 1961 April 4, 2005 Holy Assumption Orthodox Church
Arizona 45[4][5] October 9, 1960 April 22, 2014 Canyon de Chelly1.jpg
Arkansas 16 October 9, 1960 July 31, 2003 Central High School
California 142[6][5] October 9, 1960 October 16, 2012 The Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo
Colorado 24[7] December 19, 1960 October 16, 2012 A steam locomotive of the D&SNG
Connecticut 61 October 9, 1960 March 11, 2013 Connecticut State Capitol north side.jpg
Delaware 13 January 20, 1961 June 14, 2011 Habs new castle county court house.jpg
Florida 44 October 9, 1960 August 25, 2014 The Ernest Hemingway House in Key West.
Georgia 48 January 20, 1961 October 6, 2008 Johnston-Felton-Hay House
Hawaii 33 December 29, 1962 March 29, 2007 The church established by Father Damien at the Kalaupapa Leprosy Settlement.
Idaho 10[8] October 9, 1960 June 21, 1990 Experimental Breeder Reactor No. 1.
Illinois 86[9] October 9, 1960 April 22, 2014 Lincoln's Tomb
Indiana 38 October 9, 1960 October 16, 2012 North Christian Church, a historic example of modern architecture.
Iowa 25[10] June 30, 1960 October 16, 2012 Old Capitol Iowa City.jpg
Kansas 25 December 19, 1960 October 16, 2012 Grant Hall at Fort Leavenworth.
Kentucky 32[11] December 19, 1960 March 11, 2013 Belle of Louisville
Louisiana 54 October 9, 1960 August 25, 2014 Louisiana State Capitol
Maine 42 October 9, 1960 March 11, 2013 Bowdoin SableIsland.jpg
Maryland 73[12] October 9, 1960 July 31, 2003 USCGC Taney.
Massachusetts
(Boston alone)
187
(58)
October 9, 1960 October 16, 2012 Boston Light.jpg
Michigan 36 October 9, 1960 April 22, 2014 Clock tower of the Henry Ford Museum adjacent to Greenfield Village.
Minnesota 25 December 19, 1960 June 23, 2011 National Farmer's Bank of Owatonna
Mississippi 38[13] July 19, 1964 October 6, 2008 Beauvoir, showing damage from Hurricane Katrina.
Missouri 37[9] October 9, 1960 March 29, 2007 Gateway Arch July 2009.jpg
Montana 26[8] October 9, 1960 March 2, 2012 House of Chief Plenty Coups at Chief Plenty Coups State Park.
Nebraska 20 December 19, 1960 April 14, 1993 USS Hazard (AM-240)
Nevada 8[4] January 20, 1961 October 16, 2012 Hoover Dam
New Hampshire 23 October 9, 1960 March 11, 2013 Shaker Village c. 1920
New Jersey 57[14][15] October 9, 1960 March 11, 2013 The Great Falls of the Passaic River
New Mexico 46[7] October 9, 1960 October 16, 2012 NewMexicoPalaceSantaFe.jpg
New York
(New York City alone)
263[14][16]
(110)
October 9, 1960 March 11, 2013 Empire State Building from the Top of the Rock.jpg
North Carolina 38 November 5, 1961 August 7, 2001 Fort Fisher (painting/excerpt 1890): shows stylized earthen walls along the Northern Bastion.
North Dakota 6 July 4, 1961 July 13, 2011 Catlin Hidatsa village.jpg
Ohio 73[11][17] October 9, 1960 October 16, 2012 TaftMuseum.jpg
Oklahoma 22 December 19, 1960 March 11, 2013 Washita Battlefield
Oregon 17[6][18] January 20, 1961 July 25, 2011 Timberline Lodge.
Pennsylvania
(Philadelphia alone)
166[15][17][16]
(67)
January 20, 1961 April 22, 2014 Academy of Music
Rhode Island 45 October 9, 1960 October 16, 2012 The Breakers as seen from the lawn leading down to the sea
South Carolina 76 October 9, 1960 March 29, 2007 South Carolina Statehouse
South Dakota 16[10] July 4, 1961 June 17, 2011 Rocky summit of Bear Butte and view over the Dakota plains.
Tennessee 30[13] October 9, 1960 June 17, 2011 Battle of Franklin II 1864.jpg
Texas 46 December 19, 1960 July 19, 2003 Alamo Mission in San Antonio
Utah 14 January 20, 1961 June 23, 2011 The Bingham Canyon Open Pit Copper Mine.
Vermont 17 September 22, 1960 January 3, 2001 Round church richmond vermont 20040808.jpg
Virginia 122 October 7, 1960 March 11, 2013 Montpelier, undergoing restoration.
Washington 24[18] July 4, 1961 August 19, 2008 The Pioneer Square Pergola with the Pioneer Building behind.
West Virginia 16 July 19, 1964 July 31, 2003 Weston State Hospital
Wisconsin 41 October 9, 1960 October 16, 2012 Looking at Taliesin from Hill Crown.jpg
Wyoming 24 December 19, 1960 September 20, 2006 Independence Rock WY.jpg
District of Columbia 74[12] December 19, 1960 June 14, 2011 The Great Hall of the Library of Congress.
U.S. Commonwealths
and Territories
[19]
17 October 9, 1960 March 11, 2013 Skytsborg, Virgin Islands (Blackbeard's Castle)
Associated States[20] 5 December 17, 1982 September 16, 1985 Battle of Peleliu
Foreign States[21] 1 December 17, 1982 December 17, 1982 Courtyard of American Legation in Tangier, Morocco
Duplicates (19) Beginning Point of the U.S. Public Land Survey.
Total 2,531 June 30, 1960 August 25, 2014

Map[edit]

Alternatively, click on the state in the map below to go to the list of NHLs in that state.

Click on a state to see a list of the National Historic Landmarks in that state.
List of National Historic Landmarks in Alabama List of National Historic Landmarks in Alaska List of National Historic Landmarks in Arizona List of National Historic Landmarks in Arkansas List of National Historic Landmarks in California List of National Historic Landmarks in Colorado List of National Historic Landmarks in Connecticut List of National Historic Landmarks in Connecticut List of National Historic Landmarks in Delaware List of National Historic Landmarks in Delaware List of National Historic Landmarks in the District of Columbia List of National Historic Landmarks in Florida List of National Historic Landmarks in Georgia (U.S. state) List of National Historic Landmarks in Hawaiʻi List of National Historic Landmarks in Idaho List of National Historic Landmarks in Illinois List of National Historic Landmarks in Indiana List of National Historic Landmarks in Iowa List of National Historic Landmarks in Kansas List of National Historic Landmarks in Kentucky List of National Historic Landmarks in Louisiana List of National Historic Landmarks in Maine List of National Historic Landmarks in Maryland List of National Historic Landmarks in Maryland List of National Historic Landmarks in Massachusetts List of National Historic Landmarks in Massachusetts List of National Historic Landmarks in Michigan List of National Historic Landmarks in Minnesota List of National Historic Landmarks in Mississippi List of National Historic Landmarks in Missouri List of National Historic Landmarks in Montana List of National Historic Landmarks in Nebraska List of National Historic Landmarks in Nevada List of National Historic Landmarks in New Hampshire List of National Historic Landmarks in New Hampshire List of National Historic Landmarks in New Jersey List of National Historic Landmarks in New Jersey List of National Historic Landmarks in New Mexico List of National Historic Landmarks in New York List of National Historic Landmarks in North Carolina List of National Historic Landmarks in North Dakota List of National Historic Landmarks in Ohio List of National Historic Landmarks in Oklahoma List of National Historic Landmarks in Oregon List of National Historic Landmarks in Pennsylvania List of National Historic Landmarks in Rhode Island List of National Historic Landmarks in Rhode Island List of National Historic Landmarks in South Carolina List of National Historic Landmarks in South Dakota List of National Historic Landmarks in Tennessee List of National Historic Landmarks in Texas List of National Historic Landmarks in Utah List of National Historic Landmarks in Vermont List of National Historic Landmarks in Vermont List of National Historic Landmarks in Virginia List of National Historic Landmarks in Washington List of National Historic Landmarks in West Virginia List of National Historic Landmarks in West Virginia List of National Historic Landmarks in Wisconsin List of National Historic Landmarks in WyomingMap of USA with state names.svg
Additional NHLs in...

Commonwealths and territories:
Associated states:
Foreign states:

includes listings in Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, American Samoa, and minor outlying islands
includes listings in Federated States of Micronesia, Marshall Islands, and Palau
includes one listing in Morocco


Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "National Historic Landmarks Program: Questions and Answers". National Historic Landmarks Program. Retrieved 2007-09-21. 
  2. ^ a b "Title 36 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Part 65". US Government Printing Office. Retrieved 2008-04-05. 
  3. ^ a b National Park Service (June 2011). "National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-07-04. 
  4. ^ a b Hoover Dam overlaps and is counted in both Arizona and Nevada.
  5. ^ a b Yuma Crossing and Associated Sites included in both Arizona and California
  6. ^ a b Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge included in California and Oregon
  7. ^ a b Raton Pass and Denver & Rio Grande Railroad San Juan Extension included in Colorado and New Mexico.
  8. ^ a b Lemhi Pass and Lolo Trail appear in Idaho and in Montana.
  9. ^ a b Eads Bridge overlaps and is counted in both Illinois and Missouri
  10. ^ a b Blood Run Site included in Iowa and South Dakota
  11. ^ a b Covington and Cincinnati Suspension Bridge included in Kentucky and Ohio
  12. ^ a b Washington Aqueduct included in both Maryland and Washington, D.C.
  13. ^ a b Siege and Battle of Corinth Sites included in Mississippi and Tennessee
  14. ^ a b Holland Tunnel and Palisades Interstate Park included in both New Jersey and New York
  15. ^ a b Minisink Archeological Site and Washington's Crossing included in New Jersey and Pennsylvania
  16. ^ a b Delaware and Hudson Canal included in New York and Pennsylvania
  17. ^ a b Beginning Point of the U.S. Public Land Survey included in Ohio and Pennsylvania.
  18. ^ a b Bonneville Dam Historic District included in Oregon and Washington
  19. ^ The U.S. Commonwealths and Territories having NHLs are: American Samoa (with 2), Midway Islands (1), Northern Mariana Islands (2), Puerto Rico (4), Virgin Islands (5), and Wake Island (1).
  20. ^ The Associated States having NHLs are Marshall Islands (with 2), Federated States of Micronesia (2), and Palau (1).
  21. ^ The only foreign state having a U.S. NHL is Morocco (with 1 NHL).

References[edit]

External links[edit]