List of U.S. cities with significant Chinese-American populations

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U.S. cities with significant Chinese-American populations
Brooklyn Chinatown.png
New York City is home to the largest Chinese American population of any city proper, with over half million. Multiple large Chinatowns in Manhattan, Brooklyn (above), and Queens are thriving as traditionally urban enclaves, as large-scale Chinese immigration continues into New York,[1][2][3][4] with the largest metropolitan Chinese population outside Asia.[5]
Census Bureau 2000, Chinese in the United States.png

Cities considered to have large Chinese American populations are large cities or municipalities with a critical mass of at least 1% of the total urban population; medium-sized cities with a critical mass of at least 1% of their total population; and small cities with a critical mass of at least 10% of the total population.

According to the 2012 Census estimates,[6] the three metropolitan areas with the largest Chinese American populations were the Greater New York Combined Statistical Area at 735,019 people, the San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland Combined Statistical Area at 629,243 people, and the Greater Los Angeles Combined Statistical Area at about 566,968 people. In the post-1965 era, first- and second-generation immigrants include those from Mainland China, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macau. Also included in the Chinese American population enumeration are ethnic Chinese from Vietnam who might consider themselves more Chinese than Vietnamese, thus skewing Census reporting.

San Francisco, California has the highest per capita concentration of Chinese Americans of any major city in the United States, at an estimated 21.4%, or 172,181 people, and contains the second-largest total number of Chinese Americans of any U.S. city. San Francisco's Chinatown was established in the 1840s, making it the oldest Chinatown in North America and one of the largest neighborhoods of Chinese people outside of Asia, composed in large part by immigrants hailing from Guangdong province and also many from Hong Kong. The San Francisco neighborhoods of Sunset District and Richmond District also contain significant Chinese populations.

New York City is home to by far the highest Chinese American population of any city proper, with an estimated 522,619 Chinese Americans in New York City,[7] significantly higher than the total of the next five cities combined; multiple large Chinatowns in Manhattan, Brooklyn (three), and Queens (three) are thriving as traditionally urban enclaves, as large-scale Chinese immigration continues into New York,[8][9][10][11] with the largest metropolitan Chinese population outside Asia.[12] The Los Angeles County city of Monterey Park has the highest percentage of Chinese Americans of any municipality, at 43.7% of its population, or 24,758 people. The San Gabriel Valley region of Los Angeles County in particular has one of the most prominent collections of U.S. suburbs with large foreign-born Chinese-speaking populations, ranging from working-class individuals residing in Rosemead and El Monte to wealthier immigrants living in Arcadia, San Marino, and Diamond Bar. A similar demographic shift has also taken place in the southern half of the San Francisco Bay Area. Conversely, the suburbs of New York City within the state of New Jersey are notable for their widespread and increasing prevalence of Chinese Americans (see list below), reflecting their general affluence and propensity for professional occupations.

Large cities[edit]

The list of large cities (population greater than 250,000) with a Chinese American population of at least one percent of the total population, as of the United States 2010 Census.

Rank City State Chinese Americans Percentage
1 San Francisco California 172,181 21.4
2 Honolulu Hawaii 38,330 10.2
3 Oakland California 34,083 8.7
4 San Jose California 63,434 6.7
5 New York City New York 486,463 6.0
6 Plano Texas 13,592 5.2
7 Sacramento California 20,307 4.4
8 Seattle Washington 27,216 4.1
9 Boston Massachusetts 24,910 4.0
10 San Diego California 35,661 2.7
11 Philadelphia Pennsylvania 30,069 2.0
12 Stockton California 5,188 1.8
13 Los Angeles California 66,782 1.8
14 Portland Oregon 9,113 1.7
15 Chicago Illinois 43,228 1.6
16 Anaheim California 4,738 1.4
17 Houston Texas 29,429 1.3
18 Austin Texas 8,886 1.2
19 Pittsburgh Pennsylvania 3,402 1.1
20 Riverside California 2,985 1.0

New York City boroughs[edit]

As the city proper with the nation's largest Chinese American population by a wide margin, with an estimated 522,619 individuals in 2012,[7] and as the primary destination for new Chinese immigrants,[1] New York City is subdivided into official municipal boroughs, which themselves are home to significant Chinese populations, with Brooklyn and Queens, adjacently located on Long Island, leading the fastest growth.[13][14] (Note that The Bronx, with 6,891 Chinese Americans, comprising a sub-threshold 0.5% of the borough's population, is not listed in this table.)

Rank Borough City Chinese Americans Density of Chinese Americans per square mile Percentage of borough population
1 Queens New York City 208,897 1,912.3 9.2
2 Brooklyn New York City 195,750 2,772.3 7.6
3 Manhattan New York City 97,461 4,244.8 6.0
4 Staten Island New York City 13,620 232.9 2.9

Medium-size cities[edit]

List of medium-sized cities (population between 100,000 and 250,000) with a Chinese American population of at least one percent of the total population, according to the 2005-2009 American Community Survey.

Rank City State Chinese Americans Percentage
1 Fremont California 34,678 17.3
2 Daly City California 13,359 13.3
3 El Monte California 15,339 12.7
4 Irvine California 24,233 12.3
5 Sunnyvale California 14,777 11.3
6 Bellevue Washington 10,928 9.0
7 Berkeley California 7,585 7.4
8 Cambridge Massachusetts 5,772 5.4
9 Torrance California 6,887 4.9
10 Pasadena California 6,084 4.3
11 Ann Arbor Michigan 6,364 5.6
12 Naperville Illinois 5,399 3.8
13 Richardson Texas 3,274 3.3
14 Thousand Oaks California 3,794 3.0
15 Everett Washington 2.5
16 Concord California 2,960 2.4
17 Cary North Carolina 2,128 2.3
18 Madison Wisconsin 4,617 2.0
19 Huntington Beach California 3,804 2.0
20 Tempe Arizona 3,413 2.0
21 Champaign Illinois 1.8
22 Chandler Arizona 4,131 1.7
23 Stamford Connecticut 1,998 1.7
24 Jersey City New Jersey 3,600 1.5
25 Columbia Missouri 1,454 1.5
26 Arlington Virginia 2,837 1.4
27 Salt Lake City Utah 3,600 1.3
28 Glendale California 2,519 1.3
29 Eugene Oregon 1,908 1.3
30 Simi Valley California 1,609 1.3
31 Pembroke Pines Florida 1,861 1.3
32 Overland Park Kansas 2,035 1.2
33 Durham North Carolina 2,004 1.1
34 Irving Texas 2,157 1.1
35 Providence Rhode Island 1,867 1.1
36 Syracuse New York 1,542 1.1
37 Roseville California 1,227 1.0
38 Carrollton Texas 1,223 1.0
39 Garland Texas 2,174 1.0
40 Reno Nevada 2,128 1.0
41 Gilbert Arizona 2,042 1.0
42 Worcester Massachusetts 1,849 1.0
43 Santa Rosa California 1,613 1.0

Smaller communities[edit]

List of places with a population fewer than 100,000 and a Chinese American population of at least ten percent (California) or three percent (rest of U.S.) of the total population, according to the 2005-2009 American Community Survey.

California - Greater Los Angeles[edit]

The majority of the Chinese American population of more than 400,000 in Los Angeles County lives within the San Gabriel Valley, which is particularly noted for cities that have a large Chinese American ethnic plurality. The following cities have the highest percentage of Chinese Americans in Greater Los Angeles.

Rank City Percentage
1 Monterey Park 47.7
2 Arcadia 43.9
3 San Marino 43.4
4 San Gabriel 42.1
5 Temple City 41.5
6 Rowland Heights 38.0
7 Alhambra 37.1
8 East San Gabirel 35.8
9 Walnut 35.4
10 Rosemead 34.9
11 South San Gabirel 27.0
12 Diamond Bar 25.9
13 North El Montel 24.2
14 Hacienda Heights 24.1
15 Bradbury 24.7
16 Mayflower Village 16.7
17 City of Industry 16.6
18 South Pasadena 15.7
19 Cerritos 14.8
20 East Pasadena 14.7
21 Bradbury 12.6

California - San Francisco Bay Area[edit]

Traditionally centered in San Francisco and Chinatown Oakland, the suburbanization of the Bay Area's Chinese American population has resulted in significant concentrations in the southwestern East Bay, eastern Peninsula, and northern Santa Clara County. Chinese enclaves have also formed in many of these cities, in a similar manner to that of Southern California's San Gabriel Valley.

Rank City Percentage
1 Millbrae 28.8
2 Cupertino 28.2
3 Saratoga 22.4
4 Camino Tassajara 21.5
5 Foster City 21.1
6 Hillsborough 18.5
7 Albany 15.7
8 Palo Alto 15.0
9 Milpitas 14.9
10 Los Altos Hills 14.4
11 Alameda 14.4
12 San Leandro 13.7
13 Highlands-Baywood Park 13.3
14 Norris Canyon 13.3
15 El Cerrito 13.2
16 Broadmoor 12.3
17 Stanford 12.2
18 Piedmont 12.0
19 Loyola 11.9
20 San Ramon 11.7
21 Los Altos 11.6
22 Castro Valley 11.5
23 South San Francisco 10.9
24 Union City 10.9
25 Mountain View 10.7
26 Brisbane 10.6

Delaware[edit]

Georgia[edit]

Indiana[edit]

New Jersey[edit]

Ohio[edit]

[15]

Texas[edit]

Virginia[edit]

Washington[edit]

The overwhelming majority of these cities are in King County, Washington, while three others (Edmonds, Lynnwood, Mill Creek) are in Snohomish County, Washington. Pullman is in Whitman County, Washington.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2012 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2014-02-23. 
  2. ^ "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2011 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2014-02-23. 
  3. ^ "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2010 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2014-02-23. 
  4. ^ John Marzulli (May 9, 2011). "Malaysian man smuggled illegal Chinese immigrants into Brooklyn using Queen Mary 2: authorities". New York: © Copyright 2012 NY Daily News.com. Retrieved 2014-02-23. 
  5. ^ "Chinese New Year 2012 in Flushing". QueensBuzz.com. January 25, 2012. Retrieved 2014-02-23. 
  6. ^ "ACS DEMOGRAPHIC AND HOUSING ESTIMATES 2012 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA CSA". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-10-27. 
  7. ^ a b "ACS DEMOGRAPHIC AND HOUSING ESTIMATES 2012 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates Geographies = New York City, New York". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-02-26. 
  8. ^ "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2012 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2014-02-22. 
  9. ^ "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2011 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2014-02-22. 
  10. ^ "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2010 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2014-02-22. 
  11. ^ John Marzulli (May 9, 2011). "Malaysian man smuggled illegal Chinese immigrants into Brooklyn using Queen Mary 2: authorities". New York: © Copyright 2012 NY Daily News.com. Retrieved 2014-02-22. 
  12. ^ "Chinese New Year 2012 in Flushing". QueensBuzz.com. January 25, 2012. Retrieved 2014-02-22. 
  13. ^ "Kings County (Brooklyn Borough), New York QuickLinks". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-03-04. 
  14. ^ "Queens County (Queens Borough), New York QuickLinks". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-03-04. 
  15. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_DP_DPDP1&prodType=table

Sources[edit]