List of U.S. federal prisons

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Federal Bureau of Prisons
Federal Bureau of Prisons Seal.svg
Seal of the Bureau of Prisons
Agency overview
Formed 1930
Employees 38,000
Annual budget $6.6 billion (2013)
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters Washington, D.C., United States
Parent agency United States Department of Justice
Website
www.bop.gov

This is a list of United States federal prisons managed by the Federal Bureau of Prisons, a division of the United States Department of Justice. The Bureau of Prisons operates facilities of varying security levels ranging from supermax, high, medium, low, and minimum.

The Bureau of Prisons classifies prisons into several categories:

  • United States Penitentiaries
  • Federal Correctional Institutions
  • Federal Prison Camps
  • Administrative Facilities
  • Federal Correctional Complexes[1]

This list does not include military prisons, state prisons, jails, or prisons operated under contract to the Federal Bureau of Prisons by private companies or local governments. It also does not include detention centers and facilities and processing centers run by Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE).[2]

List of federal prisons[edit]

United States Penitentiaries[edit]

Most United States Penitentiaries (USPs) are high-security facilities, which have highly secured perimeters with walls or reinforced fences, multiple and single-occupant cell housing, the highest staff-to-inmate ratio, and close control of inmate movement. The most notable facility in the federal prison system is Florence ADX, the federal supermax prison in Florence, Colorado which holds inmates who are considered the most dangerous and in need of the tightest controls. USP Atlanta, USP Leavenworth, USP Lompoc, and USP Marion are medium-security facilities. USP Hazleton is in the process of adding a medium-security facility to its existing high-security unit. USP Marion contains a highly restrictive Communication Management Unit, which holds inmates under stricter controls.[1]Many USPs include minimum-security satellite camps on the same property and under the same administration as the higher-security unit(s). †Includes female inmates

Name Location
United States Penitentiary, Allenwood Pennsylvania
United States Penitentiary, Atlanta Georgia
United States Penitentiary, Atwater California
United States Penitentiary, Big Sandy Kentucky
United States Penitentiary, Beaumont Texas
United States Penitentiary, Canaan Pennsylvania
United States Penitentiary, Coleman Florida
United States Penitentiary, Florence ADX Colorado
United States Penitentiary, Florence High Colorado
United States Penitentiary, Hazelton West Virginia
United States Penitentiary, Lee Virginia
United States Penitentiary, Leavenworth Kansas
United States Penitentiary, Lewisburg Pennsylvania
United States Penitentiary, Lompoc California
United States Penitentiary, Marion Illinois
United States Penitentiary, McCreary Kentucky
United States Penitentiary, Pollock Louisiana
United States Penitentiary, Terre Haute Indiana
United States Penitentiary, Tucson Arizona
United States Penitentiary, Victorville California

Federal Correctional Institutions[edit]

Federal Correctional Institutions (FCIs) are medium- and low-security facilities, which have strengthened perimeters (often double fences with electronic detection systems), mostly cell-type housing, a wide variety of work and treatment programs, as well as a higher staff-to-inmate ratio and greater internal controls than low-security FCIs. FCI Terre Haute contains a more restrictive section designated as a Communication Management Unit for inmates considered high-security risks.[1]

† Includes female inmates
†† Female-only facility

Name Location
Federal Correctional Institution, Aliceville†† Alabama
Federal Correctional Institution, Allenwood Low Pennsylvania
Federal Correctional Institution, Allenwood Medium Pennsylvania
Federal Correctional Institution, Ashland Kentucky
Federal Correctional Institution, Bastrop Texas
Federal Correctional Institution, Beckley West Virginia
Federal Correctional Institution, Beaumont Low Texas
Federal Correctional Institution, Beaumont Medium Texas
Federal Correctional Institution, Bennettsville South Carolina
Federal Correctional Institution, Berlin New Hampshire
Federal Correctional Institution, Big Spring Texas
Federal Correctional Institution, Butner Low North Carolina
Federal Correctional Institution, Butner Medium North Carolina
Federal Correctional Institution, Coleman Low Florida
Federal Correctional Institution, Coleman Medium Florida
Federal Correctional Institution, Cumberland Maryland
Federal Correctional Institution, Danbury†† Connecticut
Federal Correctional Institution, Dublin†† California
Federal Correctional Institution, Edgefield South Carolina
Federal Correctional Institution, Elkton Ohio
Federal Correctional Institution, El Reno Oklahoma
Federal Correctional Institution, Englewood Colorado
Federal Correctional Institution, Estill South Carolina
Federal Correctional Institution, Fairton New Jersey
Federal Correctional Institution, Florence Colorado
Federal Correctional Institution, Forrest City Low Arkansas
Federal Correctional Institution, Forrest City Medium Arkansas
Federal Correctional Institution, Fort Dix New Jersey
Federal Correctional Institution, Fort Worth Texas
Federal Correctional Institution, Gilmer West Virginia
Federal Correctional Institution, Greenville Illinois
Federal Correctional Institution, Herlong California
Federal Correctional Institution, Jesup Georgia
Federal Correctional Institution, La Tuna Texas
Federal Correctional Institution, Lompoc California
Federal Correctional Institution, Loretto Pennsylvania
Federal Correctional Institution, Manchester Kentucky
Federal Correctional Institution, Marianna Florida
Federal Correctional Institution, McDowell West Virginia
Federal Correctional Institution, McKean Pennsylvania
Federal Correctional Institution, Memphis Tennessee
Federal Correctional Institution, Mendota California
Federal Correctional Institution, Miami Florida
Federal Correctional Institution, Milan Michigan
Federal Correctional Institution, Morgantown West Virginia
Federal Correctional Institution, Oakdale Louisiana
Federal Correctional Institution, Otisville New York
Federal Correctional Institution, Oxford Wisconsin
Federal Correctional Institution, Pekin Illinois
Federal Correctional Institution, Petersburg Low Virginia
Federal Correctional Institution, Petersburg Medium Virginia
Federal Correctional Institution, Phoenix Arizona
Federal Correctional Institution, Pollock Louisiana
Federal Correctional Institution, Ray Brook New York
Federal Correctional Institution, Safford Arizona
Federal Correctional Institution, Sandstone Minnesota
Federal Correctional Institution, Schuylkill Pennsylvania
Federal Correctional Institution, Seagoville Texas
Federal Correctional Institution, Sheridan Oregon
Federal Correctional Institution, Talladega Alabama
Federal Correctional Institution, Tallahassee†† Florida
Federal Correctional Institution, Terminal Island California
Federal Correctional Institution, Terre Haute Indiana
Federal Correctional Institution, Texarkana Texas
Federal Correctional Institution, Three Rivers Texas
Federal Correctional Institution, Tucson Arizona
Federal Correctional Institution, Victorville California
Federal Correctional Institution, Waseca†† Minnesota
Federal Correctional Institution, Williamsburg South Carolina
Federal Correctional Institution, Yazoo City Low Mississippi
Federal Correctional Institution, Yazoo City Medium Mississippi

Federal Prison Camps[edit]

Federal Prison Camps (FPCs) are minimum-security facilities, which have dormitory housing, a relatively low staff-to-inmate ratio, and limited or no perimeter fencing. These institutions are work- and program-oriented; and many are located adjacent to larger institutions or on military bases, where inmates help serve the labor needs of the larger institution or base.[1]

†† Female-only facility

Name Location
Federal Prison Camp, Alderson†† West Virginia
Federal Prison Camp, Bryan†† Texas
Federal Prison Camp, Duluth Minnesota
Federal Prison Camp, Montgomery Alabama
Federal Prison Camp, Pensacola Florida
Federal Prison Camp, Yankton South Dakota

Administrative Facilities[edit]

Administrative facilities are institutions with special missions, such as the detention of pretrial offenders; the treatment of inmates with serious or chronic medical problems; or the containment of extremely dangerous, violent, or escape-prone inmates. Administrative facilities include Metropolitan Correctional Centers (MCCs), Metropolitan Detention Centers (MDCs), Federal Detention Centers (FDCs), and Federal Medical Centers (FMCs), as well as the Federal Transfer Center (FTC), the Medical Center for Federal Prisoners (MCFP), and the Administrative-Maximum (ADX) U.S. Penitentiary. Administrative facilities, except the ADX, are capable of holding inmates in all security categories.[1]

† Includes female inmates
†† Female-only facility

Name Location
Federal Detention Center, Honolulu Hawaii
Federal Detention Center, Houston Texas
Federal Detention Center, Miami Florida
Federal Detention Center, Oakdale Louisiana
Federal Detention Center, Philadelphia Pennsylvania
Federal Detention Center, SeaTac Washington
Federal Medical Center, Butner North Carolina
Federal Medical Center, Carswell†† Texas
Federal Medical Center, Devens Massachusetts
Federal Medical Center, Lexington Kentucky
Federal Medical Center, Rochester Minnesota
US Medical Center for Federal Prisoners, Springfield Missouri
Federal Transfer Center, Oklahoma City Oklahoma
Metropolitan Correctional Center, Chicago Illinois
Metropolitan Correctional Center, New York New York
Metropolitan Correctional Center, San Diego California
Metropolitan Detention Center, Brooklyn New York
Metropolitan Detention Center, Guaynabo Puerto Rico
Metropolitan Detention Center, Los Angeles California

Federal Correctional Complexes[edit]

A number of BOP facilities belong to Federal Correctional Complexes (FCCs). At FCCs, facilities with different missions and security levels are located in close proximity to one another. FCCs increase efficiency through the sharing of services, enable staff to gain experience at facilities of differing security levels, and enhance emergency preparedness by having additional resources within close proximity.[1]

Name Location
Federal Correctional Complex, Allenwood Pennsylvania
Federal Correctional Complex, Beaumont Texas
Federal Correctional Complex, Butner North Carolina
Federal Correctional Complex, Coleman Florida
Federal Correctional Complex, Florence Colorado
Federal Correctional Complex, Forrest City Arkansas
Federal Correctional Complex, Lompoc California
Federal Correctional Complex, Oakdale Louisiana
Federal Correctional Complex, Petersburg Virginia
Federal Correctional Complex, Pollock Louisiana
Federal Correctional Complex, Terre Haute Indiana
Federal Correctional Complex, Tucson Arizona
Federal Correctional Complex, Victorville California
Federal Correctional Complex, Yazoo City Mississippi

See also[edit]

References[edit]