List of U.S. state nicknames

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Map of the United States showing the state nicknames as hogs. Lithograph by Mackwitz, St. Louis, 1884.

The following is a table of U.S. state nicknames, including officially adopted nicknames and other traditional nicknames for individual states and the district of the United States.

State nicknames[edit]

Current official state nicknames are highlighted in bold. A state nickname is not to be confused with an official state motto.

State Nickname(s)
 Alabama
(No official nickname)[1]
 Alaska
 Arizona
 Arkansas
 California
 Colorado
 Connecticut
  • Constitution State (official)[24]
  • Nutmeg State[12]
  • Blue Law State[12]
  • Freestone State[12]
  • Land of Steady Habits[12]
 Delaware
 Washington, D.C.
  • Nation's Capital[28]
  • DMV (nickname for the broader metropolitan area of Washington, D.C., Maryland, and Virginia)[28]
 Florida
 Georgia
  • Peach State[30] (previously used on license plates)
  • Cracker State — Along with Florida, Georgia had been called "The Cracker State" in earlier times, perhaps a derogatory term that referred to immigrants, called "crackers," from the mountains of Virginia and North Carolina.[30] See also Atlanta Crackers: Origin of the name
  • Empire State of the South — Refers to economic leadership[30]
  • Yankee-land of the South: Similarly to the above nickname, "Yankee-land of the South" speaks to industrial and economic development in the south. This nickname may be used in a derogatory sense.[30]
  • Goober State — Refers to peanuts, the official state crop.[30]
  • State of Adventure (On highway welcome signs)
 Hawaii
  • Aloha State (officially the "popular" name,[31] currently used on license plates)[32]
  • Paradise
  • The Islands of Aloha
  • Paradise of the Pacific[32]
  • Pineapple State[32]
  • Rainbow State[33]
  • Youngest State[32]
 Idaho
 Illinois[37]
 Indiana
 Iowa
 Kansas
  • America's Bread Basket
  • Wheat State (previously used on license plates)
  • Home of Beautiful Women[41]
  • Central State[12]
  • Sunflower State[12]
 Kentucky
 Louisiana
 Maine
 Maryland
 Massachusetts
 Michigan
  • The Great Lakes State (previously used on license plates)
  • Mitten State
  • Winter Water Wonderland (previously used on license plates)
  • Wolverine State[26]
  • The World's Motor Capital
  • America's High Five
 Minnesota
  • Butter Country
  • Gopher State[12]
  • Land of 10,000 Lakes ("10,000 Lakes" currently used on license plates)
  • Land of Lakes
  • Land of Sky-Blue Waters
  • New England of the West[12]
  • North Star State
  • State of Hockey[55]
  • Vikings State
  • Bread and Butter State[12]
 Mississippi
 Missouri
 Montana
  • Big Sky Country (currently used on license plates)
  • The Last Best Place[56]
  • Treasure State (previously used on license plates)
 Nebraska
  • Beef State (previously used on license plates)
  • Cornhusker State (previously used on license plates)[57]
  • Tree Planter's State
  • Blackwater State[12]
 Nevada
 New Hampshire
 New Jersey
 New Mexico
  • Cactus State[60]
  • The Colorful State
  • Land of Enchantment[61] (currently used on license plates)
  • Land of Sunshine (predates "Land of Enchantment"; this earlier nickname highlighted the large percentage of sunshine received statewide)[60]
  • New Andalusia[60]
  • The Outer Space State
  • The Tex-Mex State
  • The Spanish State[citation needed]
 New York
 North Carolina
 North Dakota
 Ohio
 Oklahoma
 Oregon
  • Beaver State
  • Union State
  • Pacific Wonderland (previously used on license plates and currently available on an extra cost plate)[68]
  • Sunset State
  • Webfoot State[12]
 Pennsylvania
 Puerto Rico
  • Isla del Encanto ("Island of Enchantment") (currently used on license plates)
  • Borinquen (name given by indigenous people, the Tainos)[70]
  • The Shining Star of the Caribbean
  • Progress Island[71]
 Rhode Island
 South Carolina
 South Dakota
 Tennessee
 Texas
 Utah
 Vermont
 Virginia
  • Mother of Presidents[12]
  • Mother of States[12]
  • The Old Dominion[26]
  • The Commonwealth
 Washington
 West Virginia
 Wisconsin
 Wyoming
  • Cowboy State
  • Equality State
  • Park State
  • Like No Place On Earth
  • Forever West (On highway welcome signs)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

General
Notes
  1. ^ "Emblems Index". State of Alabama. Retrieved 2008-01-26. 
  2. ^ a b Introduction to Alabama, 50 States, retrieved April 24, 2009.
  3. ^ a b c "Alabama Emblems, Symbols and Honors". Alabama Department of Archives & History. 2006-04-20. Retrieved 2007-03-18. Alabama does not have an official nickname. 
  4. ^ "Heart of Dixie". Alabama Emblems, Symbols and Honors. Alabama Department of Archives & History. 2004-06-29. Retrieved 2007-03-18. 
  5. ^ "Nicknames: America's 50 States (First of Four Parts)". Voice of America (VOA Special English program). 2008-01-06. Retrieved 2009-01-04. 
  6. ^ a b c d e The Last Frontier State, 50 States, retrieved April 24, 2009.
  7. ^ Alaska Division of Economic Development (2010-12-21). "Alaska Division of Economic Development". Alaska Division of Economic Development. Retrieved 2011-07-30. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Introduction to Arizona, 50 States, retrieved April 24, 2009.
  9. ^ Ariz. HB 2549 Officially adopted by Arizona on February 14, 2011
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h Introduction to Arkansas, US States, retrieved April 24, 2009.
  11. ^ Arkansas § 1-4-106 - State nickname Retrieved Feb. 28, 2011
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w Wikisource-logo.svg "States, Popular Names of". New International Encyclopedia. 1905. 
  13. ^ California Government Code Section 420.75 Retrieved Feb. 28, 2011
  14. ^ "State Symbols". California State Library (State of California). Retrieved 2008-01-26. 
  15. ^ SHG Resources. "California Symbols, State Motto". SHG Resources. Retrieved 2013-05-24. 
  16. ^ a b c d "Colorado". NetState.com. NState, LLC. Retrieved 2007-02-21. 
  17. ^ a b "Colorado State Name and Nicknames". Colorado State Symbols & Emblems. State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. Retrieved 2007-02-21. 
  18. ^ "Colorado State Flower". Colorado State Symbols & Emblems. State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. Retrieved 2007-02-21. 
  19. ^ "Colorado Water History" (asp). Colorado Historical Society. Retrieved 2007-11-29. 
  20. ^ "Denver". wikipedia.org. Wikipedia. Retrieved 2007-05-05. 
  21. ^ "Colorado". USAtourist.com. USATourist. Retrieved 2007-02-21. 
  22. ^ Colorado Ski Country USA history
  23. ^ Introduction to Colorado, 50 States, retrieved April 24, 2009.
  24. ^ Conn. Stat. Sec. 3-110a, retrieved Nov. 4, 2013
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i Introduction to Delaware, 50 States, retrieved April 24, 2009.
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Barry Popik, Smoky City, barrypopik.com website, March 27, 2005
  27. ^ Delaware Code Title 29 Section 318 retrieved on February 28, 2011
  28. ^ a b Farhi, Paul. (2010, July 30). After initial obscurity, 'The DMV' nickname for Washington area picks up speed. Washington Post. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
  29. ^ a b c d e Introduction to Florida, 50 States, retrieved April 24, 2009.
  30. ^ a b c d e "Quick Facts: State Symbols". The New Georgia Encyclopedia. University of Georgia Press. Retrieved 2008-03-03. 
  31. ^ [1], Haw. Rev. Stat. § 5-7, retrieved Nov. 4, 2013
  32. ^ a b c d Introduction to Hawaii, 50 States.
  33. ^ "HAWAII: A RAINBOW OF CULTURAL RICHES: A world of traditions blending for centuries offers cultural activities of colorful diversity". Guidebookamerica.com. Retrieved 2013-05-24. 
  34. ^ "Nicknames: America's 50 States (Second of Four Parts)". Voice of America (VOA Special English program). 2008-01-12. Retrieved 2009-01-04. 
  35. ^ a b c Introduction to Idaho, 50 States.
  36. ^ "SuperPages: Idaho History". Retrieved 2008-03-21. 
  37. ^ "Illinois". Illinois State Symbols & Emblems. Retrieved 2007-04-29. 
  38. ^ a b c d Introduction to Illinois, 50 States, retrieved April 24, 2009.
  39. ^ The unofficial sobriquet of the State of Indiana has given rise to the humorous constructions Hoosierana (the land of Hoosiers; see uses in Indiana Journalism Hall of Fame and by sports journalist Frank DeFord) and Hoosierstan (the place of Hoosiers).
  40. ^ "Iowa State Nickname - "The Hawkeye State"". State Symbols USA. Retrieved May 24, 2013. 
  41. ^ "Kansas Signage". roadsideamerica.com. Retrieved 2007-03-26. 
  42. ^ a b c d Introduction to Kentucky, 50 States.
  43. ^ "State Nicknames". 50states.com. Retrieved 2013-05-24. 
  44. ^ Judy Colbert, Off the Beaten Path: Maryland and Delaware, 8th ed., 2007, ISBN 15385485.
  45. ^ a b c d e f "The State of Maryland - An Introduction to the Old Line State from". Netstate.Com. Retrieved 2013-05-24. 
  46. ^ "Nicknames: America's 50 States (Third of Four Parts)". Voice of America (VOA Special English program). 2008-01-19. Retrieved 2009-01-04. 
  47. ^ Archives of Maryland Online
  48. ^ a b c Introduction to Massachusetts, 50 States, retrieved April 24, 2009.
  49. ^ Massachusetts (state, United States), Britannica Online, retrieved April 24, 2009.
  50. ^ Andrew Ryan, Report: 'Taxachusetts' label remains part of Massachusetts' past, Boston Globe, April 6, 2007.
  51. ^ Daniel J. Flynn, 'Taxachusetts' no more?, Forbes, October 22, 2008.
  52. ^ 'Taxachusetts' Voters May Eliminate State Income Tax, Fox News, October 7, 2008.
  53. ^ Michael D. Shear, Giuliani Backers Attack 'Taxachusetts Romney', The Washington Post, December 12, 2007.
  54. ^ Slate's Chatterbox: The Myth of 'Taxachusetts', National Public Radio, October 15, 2004.
  55. ^ Jess Myers, Hockey roots run deep in Minnesota, ESPN.com, February 10, 2004
  56. ^ In Montana, a Popular Expression Is Taken Off the Endangered List New York Times, August 17, 2008; Retrieved February 28, 2011
  57. ^ [2], Nebraska Rev. Stat. § 90-101, retrieved Nov. 4, 2013
  58. ^ a b c d "New Hampshire Almanac >Fast New Hampshire Facts". State of New Hampshire official website. Retrieved October 12, 2012. 
  59. ^ Dove kills ad calling New Jersey 'the Armpit of America', Los Angeles Times, 2014-03-04
  60. ^ a b c New Mexico Symbols, State Names, SHG Resources website, accessed July 7, 2008
  61. ^ New Mexico Revised Statutes, Sec. 12-3-4-N, retrieved Nov. 4, 2013
  62. ^ a b Introduction to North Carolina, 50 States, retrieved February 28, 2011.
  63. ^ "Why We are Called Tar Heels". UNC Libraries. Retrieved 2008-01-26. 
  64. ^ Variety Vacationland Postcard Exhibit Retrieved February 28, 2011.
  65. ^ "It's official: Ohio IS the birthplace of aviation". The Cincinnati Enquirer. 2003-06-14. Retrieved 2007-04-06. 
  66. ^ Elkins, Keith A. (2011). Mr. E. 2003: Manifest Lessons from Ohio's Bicentennial Celebration. iUniverse. p. 293. 
  67. ^ "Nicknames: America's 50 States (Fourth of Four Parts)". Voice of America (VOA Special English program). 2008-01-26. Retrieved 2009-01-04. 
  68. ^ "Oregon's license plate from 1960 to circa 1966". Plate Shack. Retrieved 2007-07-12. 
  69. ^ "Turnpikes and Toll Roads in Nineteenth Century America". Retrieved 8 November 2012. 
  70. ^ "98.03.04: The Taínos of Puerto Rico: Rediscovering Borinquen". Yale.edu. Retrieved 2013-05-24. 
  71. ^ "Progress Island U.S.A.". Progress Island U.S.A. wikipedia. Retrieved 20 August 2011. 
  72. ^ "Iodine". South Carolina Encyclopedia. 2007-04-14. Retrieved 2007-04-06. [dead link]
  73. ^ a b c d e South Dakota Symbols, State Names, SHG Resources website, accessed July 7, 2008
  74. ^ [3], S.D. Laws 1-6-16.5, retrieved Nov. 4, 2013
  75. ^ a b c d e Tennessee Symbols and Honors, in Tennessee Blue Book
  76. ^ a b "Texas:Facts, Map, and State Symbols". EnchantedLearing.com. Retrieved 2008-03-09. 
  77. ^ "NetState: Utah". Retrieved 2008-03-24. 
  78. ^ "State it on a plate — Over the years, slogans, designs have taken some poetic license". Deseret News. 
  79. ^ "Symbols of Washington State". Washington State Legislature. Retrieved 2012-08-16. 

External links[edit]