List of U.S. states and territories by population

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Map of each state's population as of 2013.

This is a list of U.S. states by population (with inhabited non-state jurisdictions included for comparison) as of April 1, 2010, the date of the 2010 United States Census. The nine most populous U.S. states contain slightly more than half of the total population. The 25 least populous states contain less than one-sixth of the total population. California, the most populous state, contains more people than the 21 least populous states combined.

Methodology

Map of population change in U.S. states from April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013.

The United States Census counts most persons residing in the United States including citizens, non-citizen permanent residents, and non-citizen long-term visitors.[1] Civilian and military federal employees serving abroad and their dependents are counted in their home state.[2]

Electoral apportionment

Based on data from the decennial census, each state is allocated a proportion of the 435 seats in the United States House of Representatives, although each state is guaranteed a minimum of one seat, regardless of population. This apportionment is based on the proportion of each state's population to that of the Fifty States together (without regard to the populations of the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico or other U.S. dependencies). The Electoral College is the body that, every four years, elects the president and vice president of the United States. Each state's representation in the Electoral College is equal to that state's total number of members in both houses of the United States Congress. The Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution grants the District of Columbia, which is separate from any state, three votes. More precisely, it gets as many votes in the Electoral College as it would have if it were a state, but no more votes than the state with the fewest votes, which is currently three (e.g. Wyoming). Thus, the total representation in the College is 538 members (equal to 100 senators plus 435 representatives, plus 3 members for the District of Columbia).[3] The 11 most populous states, representing 56% of the population, have a majority of the Electoral College votes, enough to elect the president.

States and territories

Rank in
the Fifty
States
,
2014
Rank in all
states
& terri-
tories,
2010
State or territory
Population estimate for
July 1, 2014
Census population,
April 1, 2010
Census population,
April 1, 2000
Seats in
U.S. House,
2013–2023
Presi-
dential
Electors

2012–
2020
2014 Estimated pop.
per
House seat
2010 Census pop.
per
House
seat[4]
2000 Census pop.
per
House
seat
Percent
of total
U.S. pop.,
2014[5]
1 1  California 38,802,500 37,253,956 33,871,648 53 55 732,123 702,905 639,088 12.17%
2 2  Texas 26,956,958 25,145,561 20,851,820 36 38 748,804 698,487 651,619 8.45%
3 4  Florida 19,893,297 18,801,310 15,982,378 27 29 736,789 696,345 639,295 6.24%
4 3  New York 19,746,227 19,378,102 18,976,457 27 29 731,342 717,707 654,361 6.19%
5 5  Illinois 12,880,580 12,830,632 12,419,293 18 20 715,588 712,813 653,647 4.04%
6 6  Pennsylvania 12,787,209 12,702,379 12,281,054 18 20 710,401 705,688 646,371 4.01%
7 7  Ohio 11,594,163 11,536,504 11,353,140 16 18 724,635 721,032 630,730 3.64%
8 9  Georgia 10,097,343 9,687,653 8,186,453 14 16 721,239 691,975 629,727 3.17%
9 10  North Carolina 9,943,964 9,535,483 8,049,313 13 15 764,920 733,498 619,178 3.12%
10 8  Michigan 9,909,877 9,883,640 9,938,444 14 16 707,848 705,974 662,563 3.11%
11 11  New Jersey 8,938,175 8,791,894 8,414,350 12 14 744,848 732,658 647,258 2.80%
12 12  Virginia 8,326,289 8,001,024 7,078,515 11 13 756,935 727,366 643,501 2.61%
13 13  Washington 7,061,530 6,724,540 5,894,121 10 12 706,153 672,454 654,902 2.21%
14 14  Massachusetts 6,745,408 6,547,629 6,349,097 9 11 749,490 727,514 634,910 2.12%
15 16  Arizona 6,731,484 6,392,017 5,130,632 9 11 747,943 710,224 641,329 2.11%
16 15  Indiana 6,596,855 6,483,802 6,080,485 9 11 732,984 720,422 675,609 2.07%
17 17  Tennessee 6,549,352 6,346,105 5,689,283 9 11 727,706 705,123 632,143 2.05%
18 18  Missouri 6,063,589 5,988,927 5,595,211 8 10 757,949 748,615 621,690 1.90%
19 19  Maryland 5,976,407 5,773,552 5,296,486 8 10 747,051 721,694 662,061 1.87%
20 20  Wisconsin 5,757,564 5,686,986 5,363,675 8 10 719,696 710,873 670,459 1.81%
21 21  Minnesota 5,457,173 5,303,925 4,919,479 8 10 682,147 662,991 614,935 1.71%
22 22  Colorado 5,355,866 5,029,196 4,301,261 7 9 765,124 720,704 614,466 1.68%
23 23  Alabama 4,849,377 4,779,736 4,447,100 7 9 692,768 682,819 635,300 1.52%
24 24  South Carolina 4,832,482 4,625,364 4,012,012 7 9 690,355 660,766 668,669 1.52%
25 25  Louisiana 4,649,676 4,533,372 4,468,976 6 8 774,946 755,562 638,425 1.46%
26 26  Kentucky 4,413,457 4,339,367 4,041,769 6 8 735,576 723,228 673,628 1.38%
27 27  Oregon 3,970,239 3,831,074 3,421,399 5 7 794,048 766,215 684,280 1.25%
28 28  Oklahoma 3,878,051 3,751,351 3,450,654 5 7 775,610 750,270 690,131 1.22%
29  Puerto Rico 3,548,397 3,725,789 3,808,610 [6] 0 1.11%
29 30  Connecticut 3,596,677 3,574,097 3,405,565 5 7 719,335 714,819 681,113 1.13%
30 31  Iowa 3,107,126 3,046,355 2,926,324 4 6 776,782 761,589 585,265 0.97%
31 32  Mississippi 2,994,079 2,967,297 2,844,658 4 6 748,520 741,824 711,165 0.94%
32 33  Arkansas 2,966,369 2,915,918 2,673,400 4 6 741,592 728,980 668,350 0.93%
33 35  Utah 2,942,902 2,763,885 2,233,169 4 6 735,726 690,221 744,390 0.92%
34 34  Kansas 2,904,021 2,853,118 2,688,418 4 6 726,005 713,280 672,105 0.91%
35 36  Nevada 2,839,099 2,700,551 1,998,257 4 6 709,775 675,110 666,086 0.89%
36 37  New Mexico 2,085,572 2,059,179 1,819,046 3 5 695,191 686,393 606,349 0.65%
37 39  Nebraska 1,881,503 1,826,341 1,711,263 3 5 627,168 608,780 570,421 0.59%
38 38  West Virginia 1,850,326 1,852,994 1,808,344 3 5 616,775 617,665 602,781 0.58%
39 40  Idaho 1,634,464 1,567,582 1,293,953 2 4 817,232 783,791 646,977 0.51%
40 41  Hawaii 1,419,561 1,360,301 1,211,537 2 4 709,781 680,151 605,769 0.45%
41 42  Maine 1,330,089 1,328,361 1,274,923 2 4 665,045 664,181 637,462 0.42%
42 43  New Hampshire 1,326,813 1,316,470 1,235,786 2 4 663,407 658,235 617,893 0.42%
43 44  Rhode Island 1,055,173 1,052,567 1,048,319 2 4 527,587 526,284 524,160 0.33%
44 45  Montana 1,023,579 989,415 902,195 1 3 1,023,579 989,415 902,195 0.32%
45 46  Delaware 935,614 897,934 783,600 1 3 935,614 897,934 783,600 0.29%
46 47  South Dakota 853,175 814,180 754,844 1 3 853,175 814,180 754,844 0.27%
47 49   North Dakota 739,482 672,591 642,200 1 3 739,482 672,591 642,200 0.23%
48 48  Alaska 736,732 710,231 626,932 1 3 736,732 710,231 626,932 0.23%
51  District of Columbia 658,893 601,723 572,059 [6] 3 0.21%
49 50  Vermont 626,562 625,741 608,827 1 3 626,562 625,741 608,827 0.20%
50 52  Wyoming 584,153 563,626 493,782 1 3 584,153 563,626 493,782 0.18%
53  Guam 159,358[7] 154,805 [6] 0 0.06%
54  U.S. Virgin Islands 106,405[8] 108,612 [6] 0 0.04%
55  American Samoa 55,519[9] 57,291 [6] 0 0.02%
56  Northern Mariana Islands 53,883[10] 69,221 [6] 0 0.02%
The Fifty States 318,198,163 308,143,815 280,849,847 435 535 725,249 708,376 645,632 98.48%
Fifty States + D.C. 318,857,056 308,745,538 281,421,906 435 538 98.67%
Total U.S. territory 312,913,872 285,620,445 435 538 100.00%

Summary of population by region

Legend
Division totals – 9 divisions for 50 states and DC
Region totals – 4 regions ( 2 or 3 divisions each)
Individual territories
Total U.S. Territories
50 States + District of Columbia
Divisions & regions as defined by U.S. Census Bureau
Last col. shows larger region which contains entity in col. 1
Population of states, territories, divisions and regions
State/Territory/
Division/Region
R
a
n
k
2013
pop.
R
a
n
k
2010
pop.
R
a
n
k
2000
pop.
R
a
n
k
2000-
2010
chg.
Geog.
sort
 Massachusetts 14 6,692,824 14 6,547,629 13 6,349,097 43 3.1% NEng
 Connecticut 29 3,596,080 29 3,574,097 29 3,405,565 35 4.9% NEng
 Maine 41 1,328,302 41 1,328,361 40 1,274,923 39 4.2% NEng
 New Hampshire 42 1,323,459 42 1,316,470 41 1,235,786 32 6.5% NEng
 Rhode Island 43 1,051,511 43 1,052,567 43 1,048,319 49 0.4% NEng
 Vermont 49 626,630 49 625,741 49 608,827 44 2.8% NEng
       New England 9 14,618,806 9 14,444,865 9 13,922,517 7 3.8% NEast
 New York 3 19,651,127 3 19,378,102 3 18,976,457 46 2.1% MAtl
 Pennsylvania 6 12,773,801 6 12,702,379 6 12,281,054 41 3.4% MAtl
 New Jersey 11 8,899,339 11 8,791,894 9 8,414,350 37 4.5% MAtl
       Mid-Atlantic 4 41,324,267 4 40,872,375 4 39,671,861 8 3.0% NEast
       Northeast 4 55,943,073 4 55,317,240 4 53,594,378 4 3.2% USA
 Florida 4 19,552,860 4 18,801,310 4 15,982,378 8 17.6% SAtl
 Georgia 8 9,992,167 9 9,687,653 10 8,186,453 7 18.3% SAtl
 North Carolina 10 9,848,060 10 9,535,483 11 8,049,313 6 18.5% SAtl
 Virginia 12 8,260,405 12 8,001,024 12 7,078,515 16 13.0% SAtl
 Maryland 19 5,928,814 19 5,773,552 19 5,296,486 23 9.0% SAtl
 South Carolina 24 4,774,839 24 4,625,364 26 4,012,012 10 15.3% SAtl
 West Virginia 38 1,854,304 37 1,852,994 37 1,808,344 45 2.5% SAtl
 Delaware 45 925,749 45 897,934 45 783,600 11 14.6% SAtl
 District of Columbia -- 646,449 -- 601,723 -- 572,059 -- 5.2% SAtl
       South Atlantic 1 61,783,647 1 59,777,037 1 51,769,160 3 15.5% South
 Tennessee 17 6,495,978 17 6,346,105 16 5,689,283 19 11.5% ESC
 Alabama 23 4,833,722 23 4,779,736 23 4,447,100 27 7.5% ESC
 Kentucky 26 4,395,295 26 4,339,367 25 4,041,769 28 7.4% ESC
 Mississippi 31 2,991,207 31 2,967,297 31 2,844,658 38 4.3% ESC
       East South Central 8 18,716,202 8 18,432,505 8 17,022,810 5 8.3% South
 Texas 2 26,448,193 2 25,145,561 2 20,851,820 5 20.6% WSC
 Louisiana 25 4,625,470 25 4,533,372 22 4,468,976 48 1.4% WSC
 Oklahoma 28 3,850,568 28 3,751,351 27 3,450,654 24 8.7% WSC
 Arkansas 32 2,959,373 32 2,915,918 33 2,673,400 22 9.1% WSC
       West South Central 5 37,883,604 5 36,346,202 5 31,444,850 2 15.6% South
       South 1 118,383,453 1 114,555,744 1 100,236,820 1 14.3% USA
 Illinois 5 12,882,135 5 12,830,632 5 12,419,293 42 3.3% ENC
 Ohio 7 11,570,808 7 11,536,504 7 11,353,140 47 1.6% ENC
 Michigan 9 9,895,622 8 9,883,640 8 9,938,444 50 -0.6% ENC
 Indiana 16 6,570,902 15 6,483,802 14 6,080,485 31 6.6% ENC
 Wisconsin 20 5,742,713 20 5,686,986 18 5,363,675 34 6.0% ENC
       East North Central 3 46,662,180 3 46,421,564 2 45,155,037 9 2.8% MWest
 Missouri 18 6,044,171 18 5,988,927 17 5,595,211 29 7.0% WNC
 Minnesota 21 5,420,380 21 5,303,925 21 4,919,479 26 7.8% WNC
 Iowa 30 3,090,416 30 3,046,355 30 2,926,324 40 4.1% WNC
 Kansas 34 2,893,957 33 2,853,118 32 2,688,418 33 6.1% WNC
 Nebraska 37 1,868,516 38 1,826,341 38 1,711,263 30 6.7% WNC
 South Dakota 46 844,877 46 814,180 46 754,844 25 7.9% WNC
  North Dakota 48 723,393 48 672,591 47 642,200 36 4.7% WNC
       West North Central 7 20,885,710 7 20,505,437 6 19,237,739 6 6.6% MWest
       Midwest 3 67,547,890 3 66,927,001 2 64,392,776 3 3.9% USA
 Arizona 15 6,626,624 16 6,392,017 20 5,130,632 2 24.6% Mtn
 Colorado 22 5,268,367 22 5,029,196 24 4,301,261 9 16.9% Mtn
 Utah 33 2,900,872 34 2,763,885 34 2,233,169 3 23.8% Mtn
 Nevada 35 2,790,136 35 2,700,551 35 1,998,257 1 35.1% Mtn
 New Mexico 36 2,085,287 36 2,059,179 36 1,819,046 15 13.2% Mtn
 Idaho 39 1,612,136 39 1,567,582 39 1,293,953 4 21.1% Mtn
 Montana 44 1,015,165 44 989,415 44 902,195 21 9.7% Mtn
 Wyoming 50 582,658 50 563,626 50 493,782 12 14.1% Mtn
       Mountain 6 22,881,245 6 22,065,451 7 18,172,295 1 21.4% West
 California 1 38,332,521 1 37,253,956 1 33,871,648 20 10.0% Pac
 Washington 13 6,971,406 13 6,724,540 15 5,894,121 13 14.1% Pac
 Oregon 27 3,930,065 27 3,831,074 28 3,421,399 18 12.0% Pac
 Hawaii 40 1,404,054 40 1,360,301 42 1,211,537 17 12.3% Pac
 Alaska 47 735,132 47 710,231 48 626,932 14 13.3% Pac
       Pacific 2 51,373,178 2 49,880,102 3 45,025,637 4 10.8% West
       West 2 74,254,423 2 71,945,553 3 63,197,932 2 13.8% USA
 50 States & DC -- 316,128,839 -- 308,745,538 -- 281,421,906 -- 9.7% NAmer
 Puerto Rico 1 3,615,086 1 3,725,789 1 3,808,610 3 -2.2% Terr.
 Guam 2 -- 2 159,358 2 154,805 1 2.9% Terr.
 U.S. Virgin Islands 3 -- 3 106,405 3 108,612 2 -2.0% Terr.
 American Samoa 4 -- 4 55,519 5 57,291 4 -3.1% Terr.
 Northern Mariana Islands 5 -- 5 53,883 4 69,221 5 -22.2% Terr.
       Total Territories -- -- -- 4,100,954 -- 4,198,539 -- -2.3% USA

See also

References

General
Specific
  1. ^ "FAQ: Does the Census Bureau collect data on the number of unauthorized migrants?". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2009-05-13. 
  2. ^ "FAQ: Will 2010 Census apportionment population counts also include any Americans overseas?". U. S Census Bureau. Retrieved 2009-05-13. 
  3. ^ Office of the Federal Register. "A Procedural Guide to the Electoral College". National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved 2010-08-13. 
  4. ^ For simplicity's sake, these are the 2010 Resident Populations per 2003–2013 House seat; the seats for 2013–2023 will, however, be apportioned on the slightly different basis of "Apportionment Population" which can be found at http://2010.census.gov/2010census/data/apportionment-data-text.php and http://2010.census.gov/news/press-kits/apportionment/apport.html
  5. ^ Because of rounding of the individual percentages, the entries in this column may not sum to 100%.
  6. ^ a b c d e f Washington, D.C., Puerto Rico, Guam, the United States Virgin Islands, American Samoa, and the Northern Mariana Islands are each represented by one non-voting delegate to the United States House of Representatives. Washington, D.C., does, however, elect three electors to the Electoral College for presidential elections.
  7. ^ http://2010.census.gov/news/releases/operations/cb11-cn179.html
  8. ^ http://2010.census.gov/news/releases/operations/cb11-cn180.html
  9. ^ http://2010.census.gov/news/releases/operations/cb11-cn177.html
  10. ^ http://2010.census.gov/news/releases/operations/cb11-cn178.html

External links