List of U.S. states and territories by population

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Map of each state's population as of 2011

This is a list of U.S. states by population (with inhabited non-state jurisdictions included for comparison) as of April 1, 2010, the date of the 2010 United States Census. The nine most populous states contain slightly more than half of the total population. The 25 least populous states contain less than one-sixth of the total population. California, the most populous state, contains more people than the 21 least populous states combined.

Methodology

Map of population change in US states between April 2010 and July 2011.
Legend:

The United States Census counts most persons residing in the United States including citizens, non-citizen permanent residents, and non-citizen long-term visitors.[1] Civilian and military federal employees serving abroad and their dependents are counted in their home state.[2]

Electoral apportionment

Based on data from the decennial census, each state is allocated a proportion of the 435 seats in the United States House of Representatives, although each state is guaranteed a minimum of one seat, regardless of population. This apportionment is based on the proportion of each state's population to that of the Fifty States together (without regard to the populations of the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico or other U.S. dependencies). The Electoral College is the body that, every four years, elects the president and vice president of the United States. Each state's representation in the Electoral College is equal to that state's total number of members in both houses of the United States Congress. The Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution grants the District of Columbia, which is separate from any state, three votes. More precisely, it gets as many votes in the Electoral College as it would have if it were a state, but no more votes than the state with the fewest votes, which is currently three (e.g. Wyoming). Thus, the total representation in the College is 538 members (equal to 100 senators plus 435 representatives, plus 3 members for the District of Columbia).[3] The 11 most populous states, representing 56% of the population, have a majority of the Electoral College votes, enough to elect the president.

States and territories

Rank in
the Fifty
States
,
2013
Rank in all
states
& terri-
tories,
2010
State or territory
Population estimate for
July 1, 2013
Census population,
April 1, 2010
Census population,
April 1, 2000
Seats in
U.S. House,
2013–2023
Presi-
dential
Electors

2012–
2020
2013 Estimated Pop.
per
House seat
2010 Census Pop.
per
House
seat[4]
2000 Census Pop.
per
House
seat
Percent
of total
U.S. pop.,
2010[5]
!000001 !000001  California 38,332,521 37,253,956 33,871,648 !000053 !000055 723,255 702,905 639,088 11.91%
!000002 !000002  Texas 26,448,193 25,145,561 20,851,820 !000036 !000038 734,672 698,487 651,619 8.04%
!000003 !000003  New York 19,651,127 19,378,102 18,976,457 !000027 !000029 727,819 717,707 654,361 6.19%
!000004 !000004  Florida 19,552,860 18,801,310 15,982,378 !000027 !000029 724,180 696,345 639,295 6.01%
!000005 !000005  Illinois 12,882,135 12,830,632 12,419,293 !000018 !000020 715,674 712,813 653,647 4.10%
!000006 !000006  Pennsylvania 12,773,801 12,702,379 12,281,054 !000018 !000020 709,656 705,688 646,371 4.06%
!000007 !000007  Ohio 11,570,808 11,536,504 11,353,140 !000016 !000018 723,176 721,032 630,730 3.69%
!000008 !000009  Georgia 9,992,167 9,687,653 8,186,453 !000014 !000016 713,726 291,975 629,727 3.10%
!000009 !000008  Michigan 9,895,622 9,883,640 9,938,444 !000014 !000016 706,830 705,974 662,563 3.16%
!000010 !000010  North Carolina 9,848,060 9,535,483 8,049,313 !000013 !000015 757,543 733,498 619,178 3.05%
!000011 !000011  New Jersey 8,899,339 8,791,894 8,414,350 !000012 !000014 741,611 732,658 647,258 2.81%
!000012 !000012  Virginia 8,260,405 8,001,024 7,078,515 !000011 !000013 750,946 727,366 643,501 2.56%
!000013 !000013  Washington 6,971,406 6,724,540 5,894,121 !000010 !000012 697,141 672,454 654,902 2.15%
!000014 !000014  Massachusetts 6,692,824 6,547,629 6,349,097 !000009 !000011 743,647 727,514 634,910 2.09%
!000015 !000016  Arizona 6,626,624 6,392,017 5,130,632 !000009 !000011 736,292 710,224 641,329 2.04%
!000016 !000015  Indiana 6,570,902 6,483,802 6,080,485 !000009 !000011 730,100 720,422 675,609 2.07%
!000017 !000017  Tennessee 6,495,978 6,346,105 5,689,283 !000009 !000011 721,775 705,123 632,143 2.03%
!000018 !000018  Missouri 6,044,171 5,988,927 5,595,211 !000008 !000010 755,521 748,615 621,690 1.91%
!000019 !000019  Maryland 5,928,814 5,773,552 5,296,486 !000008 !000010 741,102 721,694 662,061 1.85%
!000020 !000020  Wisconsin 5,742,713 5,686,986 5,363,675 !000008 !000010 717,839 710,873 670,459 1.82%
!000021 !000021  Minnesota 5,420,380 5,303,925 4,919,479 !000008 !000010 677,548 662,991 614,935 1.70%
!000022 !000022  Colorado 5,268,367 5,029,196 4,301,261 !000007 !000009 752,624 720,704 614,466 1.61%
!000023 !000023  Alabama 4,833,722 4,779,736 4,447,100 !000007 !000009 690,531 682,819 635,300 1.53%
!000024 !000024  South Carolina 4,774,839 4,625,364 4,012,012 !000007 !000009 682,120 660,766 668,669 1.48%
!000025 !000025  Louisiana 4,625,470 4,533,372 4,468,976 !000006 !000008 770,912 755,562 638,425 1.45%
!000026 !000026  Kentucky 4,395,295 4,339,367 4,041,769 !000006 !000008 732,549 723,228 673,628 1.39%
!000027 !000027  Oregon 3,930,065 3,831,074 3,421,399 !000005 !000007 786,013 766,215 684,280 1.22%
!000028 !000028  Oklahoma 3,850,568 3,751,351 3,450,654 !000005 !000007 770,114 750,270 690,131 1.20%
!000029  Puerto Rico 3,615,086 3,725,789 3,808,610 [6] !000000 1.19%
!000029 !000030  Connecticut 3,596,080 3,574,097 3,405,565 !000005 !000007 719,016 714,819 681,113 1.14%
!000030 !000031  Iowa 3,090,416 3,046,355 2,926,324 !000004 !000006 772,604 761,589 585,265 0.97%
!000031 !000032  Mississippi 2,991,207 2,967,297 2,844,658 !000004 !000006 747,802 741,824 711,165 0.95%
!000032 !000033  Arkansas 2,959,373 2,915,918 2,673,400 !000004 !000006 739,843 728,980 668,350 0.93%
!000033 !000035  Utah 2,900,872 2,763,885 2,233,169 !000004 !000006 725,218 690,221 744,390 0.88%
!000034 !000034  Kansas 2,893,957 2,853,118 2,688,418 !000004 !000006 723,489 713,280 672,105 0.91%
!000035 !000036  Nevada 2,790,136 2,700,551 1,998,257 !000004 !000006 697,534 675,110 666,086 0.86%
!000036 !000037  New Mexico 2,085,287 2,059,179 1,819,046 !000003 !000005 695,096 686,393 606,349 0.66%
!000037 !000039  Nebraska 1,868,516 1,826,341 1,711,263 !000003 !000005 622,839 608,780 570,421 0.58%
!000038 !000038  West Virginia 1,854,304 1,852,994 1,808,344 !000003 !000005 618,101 617,665 602,781 0.59%
!000039 !000040  Idaho 1,612,136 1,567,582 1,293,953 !000002 !000004 806,068 783,791 646,977 0.51%
!000040 !000041  Hawaii 1,404,054 1,360,301 1,211,537 !000002 !000004 702,027 680,151 605,769 0.43%
!000041 !000042  Maine 1,328,302 1,328,361 1,274,923 !000002 !000004 664,151 664,181 637,462 0.42%
!000042 !000043  New Hampshire 1,323,459 1,316,470 1,235,786 !000002 !000004 661,730 658,235 617,893 0.42%
!000043 !000044  Rhode Island 1,051,511 1,052,567 1,048,319 !000002 !000004 525,756 526,284 524,160 0.34%
!000044 !000045  Montana 1,015,165 989,415 902,195 !000001 !000003 1,015,165 989,415 902,195 0.32%
!000045 !000046  Delaware 925,749 897,934 783,600 !000001 !000003 925,749 897,934 783,600 0.29%
!000046 !000047  South Dakota 844,877 814,180 754,844 !000001 !000003 844,877 814,180 754,844 0.26%
!000047 !000048  Alaska 735,132 710,231 626,932 !000001 !000003 735,132 710,231 626,932 0.23%
!000048 !000049  North Dakota 723,393 672,591 642,200 !000001 !000003 723,393 672,591 642,200 0.21%
!000050  District of Columbia 646,449 601,723 572,059 [6] !000003 0.19%
!000049 !000051  Vermont 626,630 625,741 608,827 !000001 !000003 626,630 625,741 608,827 0.20%
!000050 !000052  Wyoming 582,658 563,626 493,782 !000001 !000003 582,658 563,626 493,782 0.18%
!000053  Guam 159,358 [1] 154,805 [6] !000000 0.06%
!000054  U.S. Virgin Islands 106,405 [2] 108,612 [6] !000000 0.04%
!000055  American Samoa 55,519 [3] 57,291 [6] !000000 0.02%
!000056  Northern Mariana Islands 53,883 [4] 69,221 [6] !000000 0.02%
The Fifty States 315,482,390 308,143,815 280,849,847 435 535 725,249 708,376 645,632 98.48%
50 States + D.C. 316,128,839 308,745,538 281,421,906 435 538 98.67%
Total U.S. territory 312,913,872 285,620,445 435 538 100.00%

See also

References

General
Specific
  1. ^ "FAQ: Does the Census Bureau collect data on the number of unauthorized migrants?". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2009-05-13. 
  2. ^ "FAQ: Will 2010 Census apportionment population counts also include any Americans overseas?". U. S Census Bureau. Retrieved 2009-05-13. 
  3. ^ Office of the Federal Register. "A Procedural Guide to the Electoral College". National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved 2010-08-13. 
  4. ^ For simplicity's sake, these are the 2010 Resident Populations per 2003–2013 House seat; the seats for 2013–2023 will, however, be apportioned on the slightly different basis of "Apportionment Population" which can be found at http://2010.census.gov/2010census/data/apportionment-data-text.php and http://2010.census.gov/news/press-kits/apportionment/apport.html
  5. ^ Because of rounding of the individual percentages, the entries in this column may not sum to 100%.
  6. ^ a b c d e f Washington, D.C., Puerto Rico, Guam, the United States Virgin Islands, American Samoa, and the Northern Mariana Islands are each represented by one non-voting delegate to the United States House of Representatives. Washington, D.C. does, however, elect three electors to the Electoral College for presidential elections.

External links