List of U.S. states by date of statehood

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This is a list of U.S. states by date of statehood, that is, the date when each U.S. state joined the Union. Although the first 13 states can be considered to have been members of the United States from the date of the Declaration of Independence – July 4, 1776 – or from the date on which they ratified the Articles of Confederation, they are presented here as being "admitted" on the date each ratified the present United States Constitution; most other such lists, including the 50 State Quarters program, do the same.

The admission dates for later states were set by either the act of admission or a later resolution issued under that act, except for Ohio, whose date of admission was determined by act of Congress in 1953 as March 1, 1803, when its legislature first met because of a clerical error of omission—the original act omitted setting a date that the act took effect.[note 1]

This list does not account for the secession of 11 states during the American Civil War to form the Confederate States of America, the subsequent restoration of those states to representation in Congress (sometimes called "readmission") between 1866 and 1870, or the end of Reconstruction in those states. Since their secession was declared illegal by the U.S. Supreme Court in the case of Texas v. White, they had never legally left the Union. The list also does not account for secessionist governments formed in two other states, as their Unionist governments generally remained in control.

Map[edit]

The order in which the original 13 states ratified the constitution, then the order in which the others were admitted to the union
U.S. states by date of statehood
  1776-1790
  1791-1799
  1800-1819
  1820-1839
  1840-1859
  1860-1879
  1880-1899
  1900-1912
  1959

Table[edit]

# State Admission Preceding Entity
!C 1 Delaware Delaware December 7, 1787[1] Lower Counties on Delaware, i.e., the lower counties of Pennsylvania, then a sovereign State in Confederation[2]
!B9993068528194 2 Pennsylvania Pennsylvania December 12, 1787[3] Province of Pennsylvania, then sovereign state in Confederation.[4]
!B9989013877113 3 New Jersey New Jersey December 18, 1787[5] Province of New Jersey, then sovereign state in Confederation
!B9986137056388 4 Georgia (U.S. state) Georgia January 2, 1788[6] Province of Georgia, then sovereign state in Confederation
!B9983905620875 5 Connecticut Connecticut January 9, 1788[7] Connecticut Colony, then sovereign state in Confederation[8]
!B9982082405307 6 Massachusetts Massachusetts February 6, 1788 Province of Massachusetts Bay, then sovereign state in Confederation
!B9980540898509 7 Maryland Maryland April 28, 1788 Province of Maryland, then sovereign state in Confederation
!B9979205584583 8 South Carolina South Carolina May 23, 1788 Province of South Carolina, then sovereign state in Confederation
!B9978027754226 9 New Hampshire New Hampshire June 21, 1788 Province of New Hampshire, then sovereign state in Confederation
!B9976974149070 10 Virginia Virginia June 25, 1788 Virginia Colony, then sovereign state in Confederation
!B9976021047272 11 New York New York July 26, 1788 Province of New York, then sovereign state in Confederation
!B9975150933502 12 North Carolina North Carolina November 21, 1789 Province of North Carolina, then sovereign state in Confederation
!B9974350506425 13 Rhode Island Rhode Island May 29, 1790 Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, then sovereign state in Confederation
!B9973609426703 14 Vermont Vermont March 4, 1791 Province of New York and New Hampshire Grants (ownership disputed), the Republic of Vermont
!B9972919497988 15 Kentucky Kentucky June 1, 1792 Kentucky County, Virginia. Split off with consent of that state's legislature.
!B9972274112777 16 Tennessee Tennessee June 1, 1796 Formed from western land donated to the Federal government by North Carolina, and first state to originate from a territory
!B9971667866559 17 Ohio Ohio March 1, 1803[note 1] The Northwest Territory, land claims ceeded to the Federal government by the Eastern states such as Pennsylvania, Virginia, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and New York
!B9971096282421 18 Louisiana Louisiana April 30, 1812 Territory of Orleans
!B9970555610208 19 Indiana Indiana December 11, 1816 Indiana Territory, formed from the Northwest Territory
!B9970042677264 20 Mississippi Mississippi December 10, 1817 Mississippi Territory, formed from land ceded to the Federal government by Georgia
!B9969554775622 21 Illinois Illinois December 3, 1818 Illinois Territory, formed from the Northwest Territory
!B9969089575466 22 Alabama Alabama December 14, 1819 Alabama Territory, formed from the Mississippi Territory, land ceded to the Federal government by the State of Georgia
!B9968645057840 23 Maine Maine March 15, 1820 Split off from Massachusetts with consent of the legislature that state (formerly called the District of Maine)
!B9968219461696 24 Missouri Missouri August 10, 1821 Missouri Territory, from the Louisiana Purchase
!B9967811241751 25 Arkansas Arkansas June 15, 1836 Arkansas Territory from the Louisiana Purchase
!B9967419034619 26 Michigan Michigan January 26, 1837 Michigan Territory, formed from the Northwest Territory
!B9967041631339 27 Florida Florida March 3, 1845 Florida Territory, purchased from the Spanish Empire
!B9966677954898 28 Texas Texas December 29, 1845 The Republic of Texas, which voluntarily merged into the United States
!B9966327041700 29 Iowa Iowa December 28, 1846 Iowa Territory from the Louisiana Purchase
!B9965988026183 30 Wisconsin Wisconsin May 29, 1848 Wisconsin Territory, formed from the Northwest Territory
!B9965660127955 31 California California September 9, 1850 Admitted directly from the Mexican Cession[note 2]
!B9965342640972 32 Minnesota Minnesota May 11, 1858 Minnesota Territory
!B9965034924385 33 Oregon Oregon February 14, 1859 Oregon Territory
!B9964736394753 34 Kansas Kansas January 29, 1861 Kansas Territory
!B9964446519385 35 West Virginia West Virginia June 20, 1863 Divided off from Virginia, with the "consent" of a pro-Union Virginia government in Wheeling unrecognized by that state's rebelling legislature in Richmond
!B9964164810615 36 Nevada Nevada October 31, 1864 Nevada Territory, with some adjacent parts of the Arizona Territory and the partially from the Utah Territory added later on
!B9963890820873 37 Nebraska Nebraska March 1, 1867 Nebraska Territory
!B9963624138402 38 Colorado Colorado August 1, 1876 Colorado Territory created from portions of the Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, and Utah territories.
!B9963364383538 39 North Dakota North Dakota November 2, 1889[note 3] Dakota Territory
!B9963111205458 40 South Dakota South Dakota November 2, 1889[note 3] Dakota Territory
!B9962864279332 41 Montana Montana November 8, 1889 Montana Territory, partially from the Oregon Territory
!B9962623303817 42 Washington (state) Washington November 11, 1889 Washington Territory, formed from the Oregon Territory
!B9962387998843 43 Idaho Idaho July 3, 1890 Idaho Territory (1863), formed from the Oregon Territory
!B9962158103660 44 Wyoming Wyoming July 10, 1890 Wyoming Territory, partially from the Oregon Territory
!B9961933375102 45 Utah Utah January 4, 1896 Utah Territory, from the Utah Territory
!B9961713586035 46 Oklahoma Oklahoma November 16, 1907 Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory
!B9961498523982 47 New Mexico New Mexico January 6, 1912 New Mexico Territory
!B9961287989890 48 Arizona Arizona February 14, 1912 Arizona Territory
!B9961081797018 49 Alaska Alaska January 3, 1959 Russian America, Department of Alaska, District of Alaska, and then the Territory of Alaska
!B9960879769945 50 Hawaii Hawaii August 21, 1959 The Kingdom of Hawaii, the Republic of Hawaii, and then the Territory of Hawaii

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Dec 7, 1787: Delaware ratifies the Constitution". The History Channel. Retrieved 3 April 2012. 
  2. ^ "State of Delaware (A brief history)". The State of Delaware. Retrieved 3 April 2012. 
  3. ^ "Today in History: December 12". The Library of Congress. Retrieved 3 April 2012. 
  4. ^ "Charter for the Province of Pennsylvania-1681". Yale Law School, Lillian Goldman Law Library. Retrieved 3 April 2012. 
  5. ^ "New Jersey's Ratification". U.S. Constitution Online. Retrieved 3 April 2012. 
  6. ^ United States Census Office. "Dates of Statehood for 50 U.S. States". Retrieved 19 April 2012. 
  7. ^ "Connecticut State Quarter". Retrieved 19 April 2012. 
  8. ^ "About Connecticut". Retrieved 19 April 2012. 

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Congress recognized the state of Ohio on February 19, 1803 ("An act to provide for the due execution of the laws of the United States, within the state of Ohio", Seventh Congress, Session II, Chapter VII), but no formal date of statehood was set by the act of admission or a later resolution, as occurred with all other new states. On August 7, 1953, Congress passed a law retroactively setting the date of Ohio's statehood at March 1, 1803, the date when Ohio's first legislature convened.
  2. ^ Although the Republic of California, also known as the Bear Flag Republic, was declared on June 14, 1846 by Anglo-American settlers in Sonoma. That lasted only for 26 days, and it never achieved internal or external sovereignty.
  3. ^ a b The actual statehood proclamations for North and South Dakota were intentionally shuffled so that no one actually knows which was admitted first. President Benjamin Harrison always refused to tell the order in which he had signed the two statehood bills. However, North Dakota's proclamation was published first in the "Statutes at Large", since it is first in alphabetical order.

External links[edit]