List of U.S. states by elevation

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State high points are shown as red circles. Low points are shown with green squares, except in states whose lowest elevation spans coastlines or lake shores (the Great Lakes or Lake Champlain).

The elevation of U.S. states may be described in several ways. These include:

  • the elevation of their highest point;
  • the elevation of their lowest points;
  • their mean elevation;
  • and the difference between (range of) their highest points and lowest points.

The following list is a comparison of elevation absolutes in the United States. Data include interval measures of highest and lowest elevation for all fifty states and Washington, D.C..[1]

Which state is "highest" and "lowest" is determined by the definition of "high" and "low". For instance, Alaska could be regarded as the highest state because Mount McKinley, at 20,237 ft (6,168 m), is the highest point in the United States. However, Colorado, with the highest mean elevation of any state as well as the highest low point, could also be considered a candidate for "highest state". Determining which state is "lowest" is equally problematic. California contains the Badwater Basin in Death Valley, at 282 ft (86 m) below sea level, the lowest point in the United States;[2] while Florida has the lowest high point, and Delaware has the lowest mean elevation. Florida is also the flattest state, with the smallest difference between its highest and lowest points.

The list of highest points in each state is important to the sport of highpointing, where enthusiasts attempt to visit the highest point in each of the contiguous forty-eight states or in all fifty states.[3] As of 2006, 155 people had successfully reached all fifty state highpoints.[4] Roughly 200–300 people attend the Highpointers Club convention each year.[5]

All elevations in the table below have been adjusted to the North American Vertical Datum of 1988 unless otherwise noted.[6] The mean elevation for each state is accurate to the nearest 100 ft (30 m).

Elevation table[edit]

Elevations of the 50 United States[1][7][8]

State Highest point Highest elevation Lowest point Lowest elevation Mean elevation Elevation span
Alabama Cheaha Mountain[9] !B9933994494599 2,413 ft
736 m
Gulf of Mexico !F sea level !B9949761194791 500 ft
150 m
!B9933994494599 2,413 ft
736 m
Alaska Mount McKinley[10][11] !B9912728700847 20,236 ft
6168 m
Gulf of Alaska, Bering Sea, and Arctic Ocean !F sea level !B9936386975224 1,900 ft
580 m
!B9912728700847 20,236 ft
6168 m
Arizona Humphreys Peak[12] !B9917437041495 12,637 ft
3852 m
Colorado River at Sonora border, San Luis, Arizona !B9969089575466 72 ft
22 m
!B9928691011697 4,100 ft
1250 m
!B9917494321385 12,565 ft
3830 m
Arkansas Magazine Mountain[13] !B9932677892935 2,753 ft
839 m
Ouachita River at Louisiana border !B9971845912805 55 ft
17 m
!B9947117329693 650 ft
200 m
!B9932878947080 2,698 ft
822 m
California Mount Whitney[14][15] !B9916058788061 14,505 ft
4421 m
Badwater Basin in Death Valley[1][16] !J0044543472962 −282 ft
−86 m
!B9932155429373 2,900 ft
880 m
!B9915867239220 14,785 ft
4507 m
Colorado Mount Elbert[17][18] !B9916103674900 14,440 ft
4401 m
Arikaree River at Kansas border[19][20] !B9930814036978 3,317 ft
1011 m
!B9923632478875 6,800 ft
2070 m
!B9918713263079 11,123 ft
3390 m
Connecticut Massachusetts border on south side of Mount Frissell[21] !B9934135525211 2,379 ft
725 m
Long Island Sound !F sea level !B9949761194791 500 ft
150 m
!B9934135525211 2,379 ft
725 m
Delaware Near the Ebright Azimuth[22][23] !B9950858756062 447 ft
136 m
Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9971096282421 60 ft
20 m
!B9950858756062 447 ft
136 m
Washington, D.C. Fort Reno[24] !B9949947123122 490 ft
149 m
Potomac River at eastern Maryland border[10] !D0012039728043 1.0 ft
0.3 m
!B9961713586035 150 ft
50 m
!B9949967250603 489 ft
149 m
Florida Britton Hill !B9953450877221 345 ft
105 m
Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico !F sea level !B9965988026183 100 ft
30 m
!B9953450877221 345 ft
105 m
Georgia Brasstown Bald !B9927150419226 4,784 ft
1458 m
Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9947905138471 600 ft
180 m
!B9927150419226 4,784 ft
1458 m
Hawaiʻi Mauna Kea[25][26] on the Island of Hawaiʻi !B9916554236092 13,803 ft
4207 m
Pacific Ocean !F sea level !B9931712879283 3,030 ft
920 m
!B9916554236092 13,803 ft
4207 m
Idaho Borah Peak[27] !B9917412667050 12,668 ft
3861 m
Confluence of Snake River and Clearwater River !B9946182610253 713 ft
217 m
!B9926709062637 5,000 ft
1520 m
!B9917992176278 11,955 ft
3644 m
Illinois Charles Mound[28] !B9940693475922 1,235 ft
376 m
Confluence of Mississippi River and Ohio River !B9955549985661 280 ft
85 m
!B9947905138471 600 ft
180 m
!B9943259896836 955 ft
291 m
Indiana Hoosier Hill !B9940519650108 1,257 ft
383 m
Confluence of Ohio River and Wabash River !B9954211737893 320 ft
97 m
!B9946387078342 700 ft
210 m
!B9943454077695 937 ft
286 m
Iowa Hawkeye Point !B9937671591333 1,671 ft
509 m
Confluence of Mississippi River and Des Moines River !B9950143406919 480 ft
146 m
!B9941849743465 1,100 ft
340 m
!B9941058726857 1,191 ft
363 m
Kansas Mount Sunflower !B9928839305839 4,041 ft
1232 m
Verdigris River at Oklahoma border !B9946667982315 679 ft
207 m
!B9935865410428 2,000 ft
610 m
!B9930680400323 3,361 ft
1025 m
Kentucky Black Mountain !B9928585173761 4,145 ft
1263 m
Mississippi River at Kentucky Bend !B9956381760726 257 ft
78 m
!B9945662779964 750 ft
230 m
!B9929225863381 3,887 ft
1185 m
Louisiana Driskill Mountain !B9949062375293 535 ft
163 m
Winnrock Quarry, Winn Parish[29] !J0030315819264 −68.0 ft
−20.7 m
!B9965988026183 100 ft
30 m
!B9948910167206 543 ft
166 m
Maine Mount Katahdin[30] !B9926182490705 5,270 ft
1606 m
Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9947905138471 600 ft
180 m
!B9926182490705 5,270 ft
1606 m
Maryland Hoye-Crest !B9930685281944 3,360 ft
1024 m
Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9953271711655 350 ft
110 m
!B9930685281944 3,360 ft
1024 m
Massachusetts Mount Greylock[31] !B9930307733989 3,489 ft
1063 m
Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9949761194791 500 ft
150 m
!B9930307733989 3,489 ft
1063 m
Michigan Mount Arvon !B9935977511833 1,979 ft
603 m
Lake Erie !B9948409447007 571 ft
174 m
!B9943868718936 900 ft
270 m
!B9939380769892 1,408 ft
429 m
Minnesota Eagle Mountain !B9934467793855 2,302 ft
701 m
Lake Superior !B9947894215477 601 ft
183 m
!B9940973666665 1,200 ft
370 m
!B9937494457748 1,700 ft
518 m
Mississippi Woodall Mountain[32] !B9944946684640 807 ft
246 m
Gulf of Mexico !F sea level !B9954891404934 300 ft
90 m
!B9944946684640 807 ft
246 m
Missouri Taum Sauk Mountain !B9937082456924 1,772 ft
540 m
Saint Francis River at southern Arkansas border !B9957500772059 230 ft
70 m
!B9945028317747 800 ft
240 m
!B9938472673052 1,542 ft
470 m
Montana Granite Peak[33] !B9917303711344 12,807 ft
3904 m
Kootenai River at Idaho border !B9936904454242 1,804 ft
550 m
!B9930568775771 3,400 ft
1040 m
!B9918821805070 11,003 ft
3354 m
Nebraska Panorama Point !B9925889876667 5,427 ft
1654 m
Missouri River at Kansas border !B9944544320067 840 ft
256 m
!B9933254386081 2,600 ft
790 m
!B9927572020772 4,587 ft
1398 m
Nevada Boundary Peak[34] !B9917041769333 13,147 ft
4007 m
Colorado River at California border !B9950116103148 481 ft
147 m
!B9925758347189 5,500 ft
1680 m
!B9917414739159 12,665 ft
3860 m
New Hampshire Mount Washington[35][36] !B9924416606331 6,288 ft
1917 m
Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9942803441761 1,000 ft
300 m
!B9924416606331 6,288 ft
1917 m
New Jersey High Point !B9936906273251 1,803 ft
550 m
Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9956692666597 250 ft
80 m
!B9936906273251 1,803 ft
550 m
New Mexico Wheeler Peak[37] !B9917026308754 13,167 ft
4013 m
Red Bluff Reservoir on Texas border !B9932353071038 2,844 ft
867 m
!B9925400852337 5,700 ft
1740 m
!B9919459222161 10,323 ft
3147 m
New York Mount Marcy[38] !B9926045423918 5,343 ft
1629 m
Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9942803441761 1,000 ft
300 m
!B9926045423918 5,343 ft
1629 m
North Carolina Mount Mitchell[39] !B9923806193192 6,684 ft
2037 m
Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9946387078342 700 ft
210 m
!B9923806193192 6,684 ft
2037 m
North Dakota White Butte !B9930253340157 3,508 ft
1069 m
Red River of the North at Manitoba border !B9945662779964 751 ft
229 m
!B9936386975224 1,900 ft
580 m
!B9932663600412 2,757 ft
840 m
Ohio Campbell Hill !B9938424914936 1,549 ft
472 m
Ohio River at Indiana border !B9950669659519 455 ft
139 m
!B9944431719383 850 ft
260 m
!B9941905070709 1,094 ft
333 m
Oklahoma Black Mesa !B9926758528612 4,975 ft
1516 m
Little River at Arkansas border !B9955215274670 289 ft
88 m
!B9940185857887 1,300 ft
400 m
!B9927357037860 4,686 ft
1428 m
Oregon Mount Hood[40] !B9918600343752 11,249 ft
3429 m
Pacific Ocean !F sea level !B9930862626493 3,300 ft
1010 m
!B9918600343752 11,249 ft
3429 m
Pennsylvania Mount Davis !B9931132640882 3,213 ft
979 m
Delaware River at Delaware border !F sea level !B9941849743465 1,100 ft
340 m
!B9931132640882 3,213 ft
979 m
Rhode Island Jerimoth Hill !B9944893978254 811 ft
247 m
Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9958891261358 200 ft
60 m
!B9944893978254 811 ft
247 m
South Carolina Sassafras Mountain !B9930105725723 3,560 ft
1085 m
Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9953271711655 350 ft
110 m
!B9930105725723 3,560 ft
1085 m
South Dakota Harney Peak[41] !B9923001575926 7,244 ft
2208 m
Big Stone Lake on Minnesota border !B9943130246436 968 ft
295 m
!B9934912308630 2,200 ft
670 m
!B9924435720305 6,276 ft
1913 m
Tennessee Clingmans Dome !B9923867244043 6,643 ft
2025 m
Mississippi River at Mississippi border !B9960073190915 178 ft
54 m
!B9943868718936 900 ft
270 m
!B9924138559114 6,466 ft
1971 m
Texas Guadalupe Peak[42] !B9921111405058 8,751 ft
2667 m
Gulf of Mexico !F sea level !B9937500247577 1,700 ft
520 m
!B9921111405058 8,751 ft
2667 m
Utah Kings Peak[43] !B9916751302175 13,534 ft
4125 m
Beaver Dam Wash at Arizona border !B9935011156222 2,180 ft
664 m
!B9924722060122 6,100 ft
1860 m
!B9918521618056 11,338 ft
3456 m
Vermont Mount Mansfield[44] !B9927998064771 4,395 ft
1340 m
Lake Champlain !B9966327041700 95 ft
29 m
!B9942803441761 1,000 ft
300 m
!B9928216910049 4,300 ft
1311 m
Virginia Mount Rogers !B9925348027226 5,729 ft
1746 m
Atlantic Ocean !F sea level !B9943301190770 950 ft
290 m
!B9925348027226 5,729 ft
1746 m
Washington Mount Rainier[45] !B9916119137179 14,417 ft
4394 m
Pacific Ocean !F sea level !B9937500247577 1,700 ft
520 m
!B9916119137179 14,417 ft
4394 m
West Virginia Spruce Knob[46] !B9926988521941 4,862 ft
1482 m
Potomac River at Virginia border !B9957095405588 240 ft
73 m
!B9938753166091 1,500 ft
460 m
!B9927493644881 4,623 ft
1409 m
Wisconsin Timms Hill !B9936119429232 1,951 ft
595 m
Lake Michigan !B9948267924444 579 ft
176 m
!B9942316790042 1,050 ft
320 m
!B9939639923901 1,372 ft
418 m
Wyoming Gannett Peak[47] !B9916549958728 13,809 ft
4209 m
Belle Fourche River at South Dakota border !B9931487092579 3,101 ft
945 m
!B9923783150012 6,700 ft
2040 m
!B9919092912839 10,709 ft
3264 m
United States Mount McKinley (Mount McKinley)[10][11] !B9912728700847 20,236 ft
6168 m
Badwater Basin in Death Valley[16] !J0044543472962 −282 ft
−86 m
!B9933640534443 2,500 ft
760 m
!B9912591833724 20,515 ft
6253 m

Gallery[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

Canadian folk-pop band Moxy Früvous incorrectly references Delaware in their song, "The Lowest Highest Point".

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Elevations and Distances in the United States". Reston, Virginia: USGS. April 29, 2005. Archived from the original on 2010-11-20. Retrieved October 24, 2011.  Originally published in 1995.
  2. ^ "Badwater". United States Geological Survey. 2004. Retrieved October 20, 2011. 
  3. ^ Holmes, Don W. (2000). Highpoints of the United States: A Guide to the Fifty State Summits. University of Utah Press. ISBN 0-87480-645-3. 
  4. ^ Regenold, Stephen (June 10, 2006). "Seeing the highpoints of every state". Associated Press. Retrieved December 4, 2008. 
  5. ^ "Highpointers Club Frequently Asked Questions". highpointers.org. Retrieved December 4, 2008. 
  6. ^ "What is a geodetic datum?". Frequently Asked Questions about the National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 19, 2011. 
  7. ^ "U.S. State Highpoints". summitpost.org. Retrieved November 28, 2008. 
  8. ^ "U.S. State High Points". peakbagger.com. Retrieved October 20, 2011. 
  9. ^ "Cheehahaw". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011. 
  10. ^ a b c Elevation based upon National Geodetic Vertical Datum of 1929.
  11. ^ a b The summit of Mount McKinley is the highest point in North America and the United States of America. The summit of Mount McKinley is the third most prominent point on Earth after Mount Everest and Aconcagua.
  12. ^ "Frisco". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011. 
  13. ^ "Mag". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011. 
  14. ^ "Whitney". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011. 
  15. ^ The summit of Mount Whitney is the highest point in the contiguous United States.
  16. ^ a b The Badwater Basin in Death Valley is the lowest point in North America and the United States of America.
  17. ^ "Mount Elbert". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011. 
  18. ^ The summit of Mount Elbert is the highest point of the Rocky Mountains of North America.
  19. ^ The Arikaree River at the point where it exits the State of Colorado is the highest state low point of the 50 United States.
  20. ^ Dale Sanderson. "Arikaree River - Lowest Point in Colorado". Retrieved October 20, 2011. 
  21. ^ The highest point in the State of Connecticut is the only U.S. state high point that is not a topographic summit.
  22. ^ "Highest Point in Delaware". Delaware Geological Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011. 
  23. ^ "Regarding the highest point in Delaware". Delaware Repeater Association. Archived from the original on 2011-07-26. Retrieved October 20, 2011. 
  24. ^ "Reno Reset". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011. 
  25. ^ "Summit USGS 1977". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011. 
  26. ^ The summit of Mauna Kea is the highest point in Oceania. Mauna Kea is also the tallest mountain on Earth as measured from base to summit. The shield volcano sits on the floor of the Pacific Ocean at a depth of 5,998 meters (19,678 ft) for a total height of 10,205.3 meters (33,482 ft)
  27. ^ "Beauty Reset". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011. 
  28. ^ "Charles". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011. 
  29. ^ Kyle, R.J., and M.R. Ulrich (1993) A Tour of Salt Dome Cap Rock Features, Winnrock Quarry, Winn Parish, Louisiana: Fossil Analog of Modern Petroleum Seeps Associated with Salt Structures in the Offshore Gulf. New Orleans Geological Society, New Orleans, Louisiana.
  30. ^ "Katahdin 2". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011. 
  31. ^ "Greylock RM 1 Reset". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. 
  32. ^ "Knob Reset". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. 
  33. ^ "Granite Peak". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011. 
  34. ^ "Boundary". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011. 
  35. ^ "Mt Wash". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011. 
  36. ^ The summit of Mount Washington is the highest point on the northeastern Northern American Continent.
  37. ^ "Wheeler". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011. 
  38. ^ "Marcy". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011. 
  39. ^ The summit of Mount Mitchell is the highest point on the eastern Northern American Continent.
  40. ^ "Mount Hood Highest Point". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011. 
  41. ^ "Harney". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011. 
  42. ^ "El Capitan". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011. 
  43. ^ "Kings Peak, Utah". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 2009-12-27. 
  44. ^ "Mt Mansfield Highest Point". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011. 
  45. ^ The summit of Mount Rainier is the most prominent point in the contiguous United States.
  46. ^ "Spruce Knob Cairn 1956". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011. 
  47. ^ "Gannett Peak Cairn". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011. 

External links[edit]