List of UEFA European Championship finals

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List of UEFA European Championship finals
Founded 1960
Region Europe (UEFA)
Number of teams 53 (qualifiers)
16 (finals)
Current champions  Spain (3rd title)
Most successful team(s)  Germany
 Spain (3 titles each)
The Spain team celebrating after winning the 2012 final

The UEFA European Championship is an association football competition established in 1960. It is contested by the men's national teams of the members of the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA), the sport's European governing body, and takes place every four years. The winners of the first final were the Soviet Union, who defeated Yugoslavia 2–1 in Paris, after extra time. The most recent final, hosted in Kiev in 2012, was won by Spain, who beat Italy 4–0 – the widest margin of victory in European Championship final history.[1] The next European Championship will be hosted in France.[2]

The European Championship final is the last match of the competition, and the result determines which country's team is declared European champion. As of the 2012 tournament, if after 90 minutes of regular play the score is a draw, an additional 30-minute period of play, called extra time, is added. If such a game is still tied after extra time, it is decided by penalty shoot-out. The team that wins the penalty shoot-out are then declared champions.[3] The 14 finals to-date have produced five drawn matches, the eventual winners of which have been determined variously by replay (1968), extra time (1960), penalty shoot-out (1976) or golden goal (1996, 2000).[4] The winners are awarded a replica of the trophy (the original remains with UEFA), while the losing finalists and semi-finalists are presented with a plaque.[5] Gold and silver medals are awarded to the players of the winning and losing finalists respectively.[6]

Germany and Spain are the most successful teams in the history of the tournament, winning three times each. France has won the competition twice (the only other team to have won the competition more than once), while Yugoslavia qualified for the final twice without success. Greece, Netherlands and Denmark each won the European Championship on their only appearances in the final, the latter having replaced Yugoslavia on the eve of the 1992 tournament.[7]

History[edit]

The first final of the UEFA European Football Championship (then referred to as the European Nations' Cup Final) was contested in July 1960 in Paris between the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia. Milan Galić scored for Yugoslavia just before half-time but Slava Metreveli equalised soon after the break, and the scores remained level, sending the game into extra time. With seven minutes left, Viktor Ponedelnik won the match for the Soviet Union, scoring the winner with a header.[8] The 1960 champions qualified for the final of the 1964 tournament, where they faced hosts Spain. Jesús María Pereda scored early for the home side, but the match was levelled two minutes later when Galimzyan Khusainov equalised. Nearly 80,000 spectators at the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium in Madrid had to wait for the winner which came six minutes from time, courtesy of a header from Spaniard Marcelino.[9]

The hosts, Italy, faced Yugoslavia in the final of the 1968 tournament, now rebranded as the European Football Championship. Italy had qualified for the final by virtue of winning a coin toss following their goalless semi-final against the Soviet Union. The final ended 1–1, forcing a replay to be conducted two days later. This time Italy triumphed, winning 2–0 with first-half goals from Luigi Riva and Pietro Anastasi.[10] Four years later, the final, held in Brussels, produced a record winning margin that would last for 44 years. The Soviet Union, finalists for the third time in four tournaments, were defeated 3–0 by West Germany with Gerd Müller and Herbert Wimmer scoring the winning goals.[11] The incumbent champions qualified for the final of the 1976 tournament, where they faced Czechoslovakia. A late equaliser from German Bernd Hölzenbein to make it 2–2 saw the game go into extra time and eventually to a penalty shoot-out. After seven successful conversions, Uli Hoeneß missed, leaving Czechoslovakian Antonín Panenka with the opportunity to score and win the tournament. An "audacious" chipped shot,[12] described by UEFA as "perhaps the most famous spot kick of all time" secured the victory as Czechoslovakia won 5–3 on penalties.[13]

Four years later, the final returned to the Stadio Olimpico where West Germany, in their third consecutive final, faced Belgium. Horst Hrubesch scored early in the first half before René Vandereycken equalised for Belgium with a penalty in the second half. With two minutes remaining, Hrubesch headed West Germany into the lead from a Karl-Heinz Rummenigge corner, securing his country's second victory in the championship.[14] The 1984 final, in Paris, featured hosts France against 1964 champions Spain. Two second-half goals, one each from Michel Platini and Bruno Bellone, secured a home victory;[15] Platini ended the tournament with nine goals, the most scored in the championship finals by any player to date.[16] The Netherlands qualified for their first final in the 1988 tournament in West Germany, where they faced the Soviet Union who were playing in their fourth final. Ruud Gullit scored in the first half and Marco van Basten doubled the lead in the second for the Netherlands with a volley which has since been described variously as "stunning",[17] "spectacular",[18] and the "best goal scored in the competition's history".[19] With a 2–0 victory, the Netherlands secured their first "major" title.[20]

Following Yugoslavia's expulsion from the competition in 1992, Denmark were invited to take their place and qualified for the final where they faced a team from the newly reunified Germany. Goals from John Jensen and Kim Vilfort secured a 2–0 victory for the Danes in their first and only European final.[21] Wembley Stadium hosted the final of the 1996 tournament, where the Czech Republic and Germany were forced into extra time after an Oliver Bierhoff goal equalised Patrik Berger's penalty for the Czech Republic. Five minutes into extra time, Bierhoff scored his and Germany's second, and the first golden goal in the history of the tournament, securing Germany's third European title 2–1.[22] The 2000 tournament was also decided by a golden goal. France, who had won the 1998 FIFA World Cup,[23] met Italy in the Feijnoord Stadion in the Netherlands, both nations making their second appearance in the final. A second-half goal from Marco Delvecchio saw Italy take a 1–0 lead into injury time, when Sylvain Wiltord scored a "last-gasp" equaliser to send the match into extra time. David Trezeguet's volley 13 minutes into extra time ensured that France were both European and World champions.[24]

The 2004 competition saw, according to UEFA, "one of the biggest shocks in tournament history" as Greece defeated hosts Portugal 1–0 in the final.[25] Despite never having won a match in a "major tournament", a second-half goal from striker Angelos Charisteas caused "one of the biggest upsets in soccer history".[26] Germany qualified for their sixth final in 2008, and faced Spain in a tournament co-hosted by Austria and Switzerland. A first-half strike from Fernando Torres was the only goal of the game, and helped Spain win their first European trophy for 44 years.[27] The 2012 tournament final saw reigning European and World champions Spain face Italy in Kiev. Two first-half goals, one each from David Silva and Jordi Alba put the defending champions 2–0 ahead at half-time. Fifteen minutes into the second half, and four minutes after being brought on as a substitute, Thiago Motta was stretchered off as Italy were reduced to ten men for the remainder of the second half. Fernando Torres scored a third, becoming the first player to score in two European Championship finals, and then provided an assist for Juan Mata who scored with a minute to go, the final ending 4–0. Spain's third victory in the final equalled Germany as the most successful team in the tournament's history, and they became the first team to defend the European Football Championship title.[28]

List of finals[edit]

Key to the list of finals
dagger Match was won during extra time
double-dagger Match was won on a penalty shoot-out
& Match was won after a replay
§ Match was won by a golden goal
  • The "Year" column refers to the year the European Championship tournament was held, and wikilinks to the article about that tournament.
  • Links in the "Winners" and "Runners-up" columns point to the articles for the national football teams of the countries, not the articles for the countries.
  • The wikilinks in the "Final score" column point to the article about that tournament's final game.
List of finals matches, their venues and locations, the finalists and final scores
Year Winners Final score Runners-up Venue Location References
1960 Soviet Union    2–1dagger
[n 1]
 Yugoslavia Parc des Princes Paris, France [30][31]
1964 Spain  2–1  Soviet Union Santiago Bernabéu Stadium Madrid, Spain [32][33]
1968 Italy    2–0&
[n 2]
 Yugoslavia Stadio Olimpico Rome, Italy [35][36]
1972 West Germany  3–0  Soviet Union Heysel Stadium Brussels, Belgium [37][38]
1976 Czechoslovakia    2–2double-dagger
[n 3]
 West Germany Stadion FK Crvena Zvezda Belgrade, Yugoslavia [40][41]
1980 West Germany  2–1  Belgium Stadio Olimpico Rome, Italy [42][43]
1984 France  2–0  Spain Parc des Princes Paris, France [44][45]
1988 Netherlands  2–0  Soviet Union Olympiastadion Munich, West Germany [46][47]
1992 Denmark  2–0  Germany Ullevi Gothenburg, Sweden [48][49]
1996 Germany    2–1§
[n 4]
 Czech Republic Wembley Stadium London, England [51][52]
2000 France    2–1§
[n 5]
 Italy Feijenoord Stadion Rotterdam, Netherlands [54][55]
2004 Greece  1–0  Portugal Estádio da Luz Lisbon, Portugal [56][57]
2008 Spain  1–0  Germany Ernst-Happel-Stadion Vienna, Austria [58][59]
2012 Spain  4–0  Italy Olimpiysky National Sports Complex Kiev, Ukraine [60][61]

Results by nation[edit]

Map of winning countries
National team Winners Runners-up Total finals Years won Years runners-up
 Germany[n 6] 3 3 6 1972, 1980, 1996 1976, 1992, 2008
 Spain 3 1 4 1964, 2008, 2012 1984
 France 2 0 2 1984, 2000
 Soviet Union 1 3 4 1960 1964, 1972, 1988
 Italy 1 2 3 1968 2000, 2012
 Czech Republic[n 7] 1 1 2 1976 1996
 Netherlands 1 0 1 1988
 Denmark 1 0 1 1992
 Greece 1 0 1 2004
 Yugoslavia 0 2 2 1960, 1968
 Belgium 0 1 1 1980
 Portugal 0 1 1 2004

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Score was 1–1 after 90 minutes.[29]
  2. ^ The first final, played two days earlier, ended 1–1.[34]
  3. ^ Score was 2–2 after 90 minutes. Czechoslovakia won the penalty shoot-out 5–3.[39]
  4. ^ Score was 1–1 after 90 minutes. Germany scored the golden goal five minutes into extra time.[50]
  5. ^ Score was 1–1 after 90 minutes. France scored the golden goal in the 13th minute of extra time.[53]
  6. ^ Three final appearances as West Germany.
  7. ^ One final appearance as Czechoslovakia.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

General

Specific

  1. ^ Atkin, John (1 July 2012). "Spain overpower Italy to win UEFA EURO 2012". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 14 March 2013. 
  2. ^ "Focus turns to France in 2016". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 3 August 2012. Retrieved 11 March 2013. 
  3. ^ Regulations, p. 10.
  4. ^ "Golden goal rule downgraded to silver". guardian.co.uk (London: Guardian News and Media). 28 April 2003. Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  5. ^ Regulations, pp. 3–4.
  6. ^ Regulations, p. 4.
  7. ^ Fyodorov, Gennady (11 December 2007). ""Lucky" Hiddink keeps his magic touch with Russia". Reuters. Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  8. ^ "Ponedelnik recalls his place in Euro history". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 6 January 2011. 
  9. ^ "Spain savour home comforts". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 14 March 2013. 
  10. ^ "Italy make most of good fortune". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 14 March 2013. 
  11. ^ "West Germany make their mark". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 14 March 2013. 
  12. ^ Dunbar, Graham (2 July 2010). "Abreu's 'Panenka' penalty revives 1976 classic". USA Today. Associated Press. Retrieved 6 January 2012. 
  13. ^ "Panenka the hero for Czechoslovakia". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 14 March 2013. 
  14. ^ "Hrubesch crowns West German win". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 14 March 2013. 
  15. ^ "Platini shines for flamboyant France". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 14 March 2013. 
  16. ^ "Euro History". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 6 January 2012. 
  17. ^ "Van Basten heaps praise on Hiddink". RTÉ.ie (Dublin: Raidió Teilifís Éireann). 20 June 2008. Retrieved 6 January 2012. 
  18. ^ "Van Basten baffled by bad luck". Sporting Life (Leeds: 365 Media Group). 2 December 2007. Retrieved 6 January 2012. 
  19. ^ "Final-week crescendo". Sports Illustrated (New York: Time Warner). Associated Press. 29 June 2004. Retrieved 6 January 2012. 
  20. ^ "Van Basten sparks Netherlands joy". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 14 March 2013. 
  21. ^ "Denmark late show steals spotlight". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 14 March 2013. 
  22. ^ "Football comes home for Germany". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 14 March 2013. 
  23. ^ "1998 FIFA World Cup France". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 6 January 2012. 
  24. ^ "Trezeguet strikes gold for France". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 14 March 2013. 
  25. ^ "Underdogs Greece have their day". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 14 March 2013. 
  26. ^ "The Word is Greece". Sports Illustrated (New York: Time Warner). Associated Press. 4 July 2004. Retrieved 6 January 2012. 
  27. ^ "Spain deliver on promise at last". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 14 March 2013. 
  28. ^ "Euro 2012 final: Spain v Italy". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 1 July 2012. Retrieved 1 July 2012. 
  29. ^ "Ponedelnik heads Soviet Union to glory". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 1 October 2003. Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  30. ^ "UEFA Euro 1960 – History". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 3 January 2012. 
  31. ^ "France 1960". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 17 May 2004. Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  32. ^ "UEFA Euro 1964 – History". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 3 January 2012. 
  33. ^ "Spain 1964". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 17 May 2004. Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  34. ^ "1968 UEFA European Championship – Matches". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  35. ^ "UEFA Euro 1968 – History". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 3 January 2012. 
  36. ^ "Italy 1968". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 17 May 2004. Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  37. ^ "UEFA Euro 1972 – History". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 3 January 2012. 
  38. ^ "Belgium 1972". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 17 May 2004. Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  39. ^ "Panenka's panache seals Czech triumph". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 3 October 2003. Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  40. ^ "UEFA Euro 1976 – History". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 3 January 2012. 
  41. ^ "Yugoslavia 1976". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 17 May 2004. Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  42. ^ "UEFA Euro 1980 – History". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 3 January 2012. 
  43. ^ "Italy 1980". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 17 May 2004. Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  44. ^ "UEFA Euro 1984 – History". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 3 January 2012. 
  45. ^ "France 1984". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 17 May 2004. Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  46. ^ "UEFA Euro 1988 – History". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 3 January 2012. 
  47. ^ "West Germany 1988". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 17 May 2004. Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  48. ^ "UEFA Euro 1992 – History". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 3 January 2012. 
  49. ^ Fletcher, Paul (24 May 2004). "Denmark's greatest moment". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  50. ^ Thomsen, Ian (1 July 1996). "Germany Wins Euro 96 With a 'Golden Goal'". The New York Times. Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  51. ^ "UEFA Euro 1996 – History". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 3 January 2012. 
  52. ^ "England 1996". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 17 May 2004. Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  53. ^ "France win Euro 2000". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 2 July 2000. Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  54. ^ "UEFA Euro 2000 – History". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 3 January 2012. 
  55. ^ "Belgium/Holland 2000". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 24 May 2004. Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  56. ^ "UEFA Euro 2004 – History". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 3 January 2012. 
  57. ^ McNulty, Phil (4 July 2004). "Greece win Euro 2004". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  58. ^ "UEFA Euro 2008 – History". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 3 January 2012. 
  59. ^ McNulty, Phil (29 June 2008). "Germany 0–1 Spain". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  60. ^ "Football fixtures – Uefa 2012 European Championship (Poland & Ukraine)". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 4 January 2011. 
  61. ^ Linnyk, Igor; Popov, Boris (12 November 2011). "Stars struck by spectacular Olympic Stadium". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 14 March 2013. 

External links[edit]