List of United Kingdom by-elections (1857–68)

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This is a list of parliamentary by-elections in the United Kingdom held between 1857 and 1868, with the names of the previous incumbent and the victor in the by-election and their respective parties. Where seats changed political party at the election, the result is highlighted: light blue for a Conservative gain, orange for a Whig (after 1859 Liberal) gain.

Resignations[edit]

See Resignation from the British House of Commons for more details.

Where the cause of by-election is given as "resignation" or "seeks re-election", this indicates that the incumbent was appointed on his own request to an "office of profit under the Crown", either the Steward of the Chiltern Hundreds, the Steward of the Manor of Northstead or the Steward of the Manor of Hempholme. These appointments are made as a constitutional device for leaving the House of Commons, whose Members are not permitted to resign.

By-elections[edit]

19th Parliament (1865–1868)[edit]

By-election Date Former Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause
Clitheroe 13 July 1868[19 1] Richard Fort Liberal Ralph Assheton Conservative Death
Stamford 24 June 1868[19 1] Viscount Ingestre Conservative William Unwin Heygate Conservative Succession to a peerage
Dublin City 1 June 1868[19 1] Benjamin Guinness Conservative Arthur Guinness Conservative Resignation
East Worcestershire 1 June 1868 Frederick Gough-Calthorpe Liberal Hon. Charles Lyttelton Liberal Succession to a peerage
Stamford 4 May 1868[19 1] Viscount Cranborne Conservative Viscount Ingestre Conservative Succession to a peerage
East Kent 2 May 1868 Brook Bridges Conservative Edward Leigh Pemberton Conservative Elevation to the peerage
Stirling Burghs 30 April 1868 Laurence Oliphant Liberal John Ramsay Liberal Resignation
Bristol 30 April 1868 Samuel Morton Peto Liberal John William Miles Conservative Resignation
South Lincolnshire 29 April 1868[19 1] John Trollope Conservative William Earle Welby Conservative Elevation to the peerage
Radnorshire 28 April 1868[19 1] John Walsh Conservative Arthur Walsh Conservative Elevation to the peerage
Leominster 27 April 1868[19 1] Arthur Walsh Conservative Viscount Mahon Conservative Resignation to contest Radnorshire
Grantham 27 April 1868 William Earle Welby Conservative Edmund Turnor Conservative Resignation to contest South Lincolnshire
Cockermouth 27 April 1868 John Steel Liberal Green Thompson Conservative Death
Wycombe 11 April 1868[19 1] Charles Carington Liberal William Carington Liberal Succession to a peerage
Launceston 9 April 1868[19 1] Alexander Henry Campbell Conservative Henry Lopes Conservative Resignation
Coventry 26 March 1868 Henry Jackson Liberal Samuel Carter Liberal Void Election
Huddersfield 20 March 1868 Thomas Pearson Crosland Liberal Edward Aldam Leatham Liberal Death
North Northamptonshire 7 March 1868[19 1] George Ward Hunt Conservative George Ward Hunt Conservative Chancellor of the Exchequer[19 2]
Argyllshire 3 March 1868[19 1] Alexander Struthers Finlay Liberal Marquess of Lorne Liberal Resignation
Cambridge University 24 February 1868 Charles Jasper Selwyn Conservative Alexander Beresford Hope Conservative Resignation (Judge of the Court of Appeal in Chancery)
Stoke-upon-Trent 20 February 1868 Alexander Beresford Hope Conservative George Melly Liberal Resignation to contest Cambridge University
Helston 19 February 1868[19 1] William Brett Conservative William Brett Conservative Solicitor General for England and Wales[19 2]
Kirkcudbright 30 January 1868[19 1] James Mackie Liberal Wellwood Herries Maxwell Liberal Death
Westmorland 8 January 1868[19 1] Henry Lowther Conservative William Lowther Conservative Death
Thetford 2 December 1867[19 1] Alexander Baring Conservative Edward Gordon Conservative Resignation
South Leicestershire 30 November 1867 Charles William Packe Conservative Thomas Paget Liberal Death
Manchester 27 November 1867 Edward James Liberal Jacob Bright Liberal Death
Rutland 23 November 1867[19 1] Gilbert Heathcote Liberal George Finch Conservative Succession to a peerage
Bradford 16 October 1867 Henry Wickham Wickham Conservative Matthew William Thompson Liberal Death
County Galway 12 September 1867[19 1] Lord Dunkellin Liberal Viscount Burke Liberal Death
Dublin University 27 August 1867[19 1] Hedges Eyre Chatterton Conservative Robert Warren Conservative Resignation (Vice-Chancellor of Ireland)
Stroud 20 August 1867 George Poulett Scrope Liberal Henry Winterbotham Liberal Resignation
Downpatrick 5 August 1867[19 1] David Stewart Ker Conservative William Keown Conservative Resignation
West Gloucestershire 25 July 1867 John Rolt Conservative Edward Arthur Somerset Conservative Resignation (Lord Justice of Appeal)
Coventry 23 July 1867 Morgan Treherne Conservative Henry Jackson Liberal Death
Birmingham 23 July 1867 William Scholefield Liberal George Dixon Liberal Death
Andover 22 July 1867[19 1] John Burgess Karslake Conservative John Burgess Karslake Conservative Attorney General for England and Wales[19 2]
Cambridge University 22 July 1867[19 1] Charles Jasper Selwyn Conservative Charles Jasper Selwyn Conservative Solicitor General for England and Wales[19 2]
North Lancashire 1 July 1867[19 1] John Wilson-Patten Conservative John Wilson-Patten Conservative Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster[19 2]
Weymouth and Melcombe Regis 11 June 1867[19 1] Henry Gridley Liberal Henry Edwards Liberal Resignation
Sutherland 27 May 1867[19 1] David Dundas Liberal Lord Ronald Gower Liberal Resignation
Oxford University 20 May 1867[19 1] Gathorne Hardy Conservative Gathorne Hardy Conservative Home Secretary[19 2]
Middlesex 15 April 1867[19 1] Robert Culling Hanbury Liberal Henry Labouchère Liberal Death
Galway Borough 1 April 1867[19 1] Michael Morris Conservative George Morris Conservative Resignation (Puisne Judge of the Court of Common Pleas in Ireland)
Dublin University 30 March 1867[19 1] Hedges Eyre Chatterton Conservative Hedges Eyre Chatterton Conservative Attorney-General for Ireland[19 2]
Huntingdonshire 25 March 1867[19 1] Lord Robert Montagu Conservative Lord Robert Montagu Conservative Vice-President of the Committee on Education[19 2]
Tyrone 21 March 1867[19 1] Henry Lowry-Corry Conservative Henry Lowry-Corry Conservative First Lord of the Admiralty[19 2]
North Devon 18 March 1867[19 1] Stafford Northcote Conservative Stafford Northcote Conservative Secretary of State for India[19 2]
Boston 16 March 1867[19 1] Meaburn Staniland Liberal Thomas Parry Liberal Resignation
North Shropshire 14 March 1867[19 1] Adelbert Brownlow-Cust Conservative Viscount Newport Conservative Succession to a peerage
Droitwich 13 March 1867[19 1] John Pakington Conservative John Pakington Conservative Secretary of State for War[19 2]
South Shropshire 8 March 1867[19 1] Percy Egerton Herbert Conservative Percy Egerton Herbert Conservative Treasurer of the Household[19 2]
North Riding of Yorkshire 4 March 1867[19 1] William Duncombe Conservative Octavius Duncombe Conservative Succession to a peerage
County Cork 23 February 1867[19 1] George Richard Barry Liberal Arthur Smith-Barry Conservative Death
East Suffolk 20 February 1867 Sir Edward Kerrison Conservative Frederick Snowdon Corrance Conservative Resignation
Colchester 15 February 1867 Taverner John Miller Conservative Edward Kent Karslake Conservative Resignation (Chief Justice of the Common Pleas)
North Northamptonshire 13 February 1867[19 1] Lord Burghley Conservative Sackville Stopford Conservative Succession to a peerage
Galway Borough 12 February 1867[19 1] Michael Morris Conservative Michael Morris Conservative Attorney General for Ireland[19 2]
Dublin University 12 February 1867[19 1] John Edward Walsh Conservative Hedges Eyre Chatterton Conservative Resignation (Master of the Rolls in Ireland)
Andover 11 February 1867[19 1] William Henry Humphery Conservative John Burgess Karslake Conservative Resignation
Armagh City 30 January 1867[19 1] Stearne Ball Miller Conservative John Vance Conservative Resignation (Judge in Bankruptcy in Ireland)
County Waterford 31 December 1866 Earl of Tyrone Conservative Edmond de la Poer Liberal Succession to a peerage
Guildford 17 December 1866 William Bovill Conservative Richard Garth Conservative Resignation (Chief Justice of the Common Pleas)
Pembrokeshire 26 November 1866[19 1] George Lort Phillips Conservative James Bevan Bowen Conservative Death
Belfast 22 November 1866 Hugh Cairns Conservative Charles Lanyon Conservative Resignation (Lord Justice of Appeal of England and Wales)
West Gloucestershire 15 November 1866[19 1] John Rolt Conservative John Rolt Conservative Attorney General for England and Wales[19 2]
County Wexford 15 November 1866 John George Conservative Arthur MacMorrough Kavanagh Conservative Resignation (Judge in Bankruptcy in Ireland)
County Tipperary 22 October 1866 John Blake Dillon Liberal Charles William White Liberal Death
Penryn and Falmouth 15 October 1866 Thomas Baring Liberal Jervoise Smith Liberal Succession to a peerage
Brecon 3 October 1866 Earl of Brecknock Liberal Howell Gwyn Conservative Succession to a peerage
North Shropshire 17 August 1866[19 1] Charles Cust Conservative Adelbert Brownlow-Cust Conservative Resignation
Caenarvonshire 14 August 1866[19 1] Edward Douglas-Pennant Conservative George Douglas-Pennant Conservative Elevation to the peerage
Abingdon 6 August 1866[19 1] Charles Lindsay Conservative Charles Lindsay Conservative Groom in Waiting[19 2]
Galway 2 August 1866 Michael Morris Conservative Michael Morris Conservative Solicitor General for Ireland[19 2]
Dublin University 30 July 1866[19 1] James Whiteside Conservative John Edward Walsh Conservative Resignation (Lord Chief Justice of Ireland)
Eye 27 July 1866[19 1] Edward Kerrison Conservative George Barrington Conservative Resignation to contest East Suffolk
East Suffolk 25 July 1866[19 1] The Lord Henniker Conservative John Henniker-Major Conservative Elevation to the peerage
Fitzroy Kelly Conservative Edward Kerrison Conservative Resignation (Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer)
Peeblesshire 24 July 1866[19 1] Graham Graham-Montgomery Conservative Graham Graham-Montgomery Conservative Lord Commissioner of the Treasury[19 2]
Petersfield 23 July 1866[19 1] William Jolliffe Conservative William Nicholson Liberal Elevation to the peerage
Hertfordshire 23 July 1866[19 1] Edward Bulwer-Lytton Conservative Abel Smith Conservative Elevation to the peerage
Bridgnorth 21 July 1866[19 1] Henry Whitmore Conservative Henry Whitmore Conservative Lord Commissioner of the Treasury[19 2]
Tyrone 20 July 1866[19 1] Lord Claud Hamilton Conservative Lord Claud Hamilton Conservative Vice-Chamberlain of the Household[19 2]
Tyrone 18 July 1866[19 1] Henry Lowry-Corry Conservative Henry Lowry-Corry Conservative Vice-President of the Committee of the Council on Education[19 2]
Cambridgeshire 17 July 1866[19 1] Viscount Royston Conservative Viscount Royston Conservative Comptroller of the Household[19 2]
Antrim 17 July 1866[19 1] George Henry Seymour Conservative George Henry Seymour Conservative Third Naval Lord[19 2]
North Essex 16 July 1866[19 1] Charles Du Cane Conservative Charles Du Cane Conservative Civil Lord of the Admiralty[19 2]
Rutlandshire 14 July 1866[19 1] Gerard Noel Conservative Gerard Noel Conservative Lord Commissioner of the Treasury[19 2]
North Northamptonshire 14 July 1866[19 1] Lord Burghley Conservative Lord Burghley Conservative Treasurer of the Household[19 2]
North Leicestershire 14 July 1866[19 1] Lord John Manners Conservative Lord John Manners Conservative First Commissioner of Works[19 2]
North Devon 14 July 1866[19 1] Stafford Northcote Conservative Stafford Northcote Conservative President of the Board of Trade[19 2]
New Shoreham 14 July 1866[19 1] Stephen Cave Conservative Stephen Cave Conservative Paymaster General and Vice-President of the Board of Trade[19 2]
Belfast 13 July 1866[19 1] Hugh Cairns Conservative Hugh Cairns Conservative Attorney General for England and Wales[19 2]
Buckinghamshire 13 July 1866[19 1] Benjamin Disraeli Conservative Benjamin Disraeli Conservative Chancellor of the Exchequer[19 2]
Oxford University 12 July 1866[19 1] Gathorne Hardy Conservative Gathorne Hardy Conservative President of the Poor Law Board[19 2]
Stamford 12 July 1866[19 1] Viscount Cranborne Conservative Viscount Cranborne Conservative Secretary of State for India[19 2]
Sir John Dalrymple-Hay Conservative Sir John Dalrymple-Hay Conservative Fourth Naval Lord[19 2]
Bridgewater 12 July 1866 George Patton Conservative Philip Vanderbyl Liberal Lord Advocate[19 2]
Cambridge University 11 July 1866[19 1] Spencer Horatio Walpole Conservative Spencer Horatio Walpole Conservative Home Secretary[19 2]
King's Lynn 11 July 1866[19 1] Lord Stanley Conservative Lord Stanley Conservative Foreign Secretary[19 2]
Huntingdon 11 July 1866[19 1] Jonathan Peel Conservative Jonathan Peel Conservative Secretary of State for War[19 2]
Guildford 11 July 1866 William Bovill Conservative William Bovill Conservative Solicitor General for England and Wales[19 2]
Durham 11 July 1866[19 1] John Mowbray Conservative John Mowbray Conservative Judge Advocate General[19 2]
Droitwich 11 July 1866[19 1] John Pakington Conservative John Pakington Conservative First Lord of the Admiralty[19 2]
Cockermouth 11 July 1866[19 1] Lord Naas Conservative Lord Naas Conservative Chief Secretary for Ireland[19 2]
Hertford 30 June 1866[19 1] Walter Townshend-Farquhar Conservative Robert Dimsdale Conservative Death
South Nottinghamshire 18 June 1866[19 1] Lord Stanhope Conservative Thomas Thoroton-Hildyard Conservative Succession to a peerage
Bridgewater 7 June 1866 Henry Westropp Conservative George Patton Conservative Void Election
County Waterford 7 June 1866[19 1] John Esmonde Liberal John Esmonde Liberal Lord Commissioner of the Treasury[19 2]
Winchester 4 June 1866 John Bonham-Carter Liberal John Bonham-Carter Liberal Lord Commissioner of the Treasury[19 2]
Devonport 22 May 1866 William Ferrand Conservative Lord Eliot Liberal Void Election
John Fleming Conservative Montague Chambers Liberal Void Election
Kildare 21 May 1866[19 1] Lord Otho FitzGerald Liberal Lord Otho FitzGerald Liberal Treasurer of the Household[19 2]
Aberdeenshire 15 May 1866 William Leslie Conservative William Dingwall Fordyce Liberal Resignation
Nottingham 11 May 1866 Robert Juckes Clifton Liberal Ralph Bernal Osborne Liberal Void Election
Samuel Morley Liberal Viscount Amberley Liberal Void Election
Northallerton 10 May 1866 Charles Mills Conservative Egremont Lascelles Conservative Void Election
North Devon 9 May 1866[19 1] Charles Trefusis Conservative Stafford Northcote Conservative Succession to a peerage
Windsor 9 May 1866[19 1] Sir Henry Hoare Liberal Charles Edwards Liberal Void Election
Henry Labouchère Liberal Roger Eykyn Liberal Void Election
Stamford 8 May 1866[19 1] Stafford Northcote Conservative Sir John Dalrymple-Hay Conservative Resignation to Contest North Devon
Sandwich 8 May 1866 Lord Clarence Paget Liberal Charles Capper Conservative Resignation
Reading 5 May 1866[19 1] George Shaw-Lefevre Liberal George Shaw-Lefevre Liberal Civil Lord of the Admiralty[19 2]
Helston 1 May 1866[19 3] Adolphus William Young Liberal Robert Campbell Liberal Void Election
Robert Campbell Liberal William Brett Conservative By-election result reversed on petition
Cambridge 24 April 1866 William Forsyth Conservative John Eldon Gorst Conservative Void Election
Ripon 28 March 1866[19 1] Lord John Hay Liberal Lord John Hay Liberal Fifth Naval Lord[19 2]
Honiton 28 March 1866[19 1] Frederick Goldsmid Liberal Julian Goldsmid Liberal Death
Wigan 27 March 1866 James Alexander Lindsay Conservative Nathaniel Eckersley Conservative Resignation
Western Worcestershire 24 March 1866[19 1] Frederick Lygon Conservative William Edward Dowdeswell Conservative Succession to a peerage
County Louth 22 March 1866[19 1] Chichester Parkinson-Fortescue Liberal Chichester Parkinson-Fortescue Liberal Chief Secretary for Ireland[19 2]
Tewkesbury 20 March 1866 William Edward Dowdeswell Conservative Sir Edmund Lechmere Conservative Resignation to contest Western Worcestershire
Kerry 16 March 1866[19 1] Henry Arthur Herbert Liberal Henry Arthur Herbert Liberal Death
Richmond 6 March 1866 John Dundas Liberal Marmaduke Wyvill Liberal Death
County Limerick 1 March 1866[19 1] William Monsell Liberal William Monsell Liberal Vice-President of the Board of Trade and Paymaster General[19 2]
North Lancashire 28 February 1866[19 1] Marquess of Hartington Liberal Marquess of Hartington Liberal Secretary of State for War[19 2]
Tiverton 28 February 1866 The Viscount Palmerston Liberal George Denman Liberal Death
Sunderland 28 February 1866 Henry Fenwick Liberal John Candlish Liberal Civil Lord of the Admiralty[19 2]
Brecon 27 February 1866[19 1] John Lloyd Vaughan Watkins Liberal Earl of Brecknock Liberal Death
Ripon 26 February 1866[19 1] Sir Charles Wood Liberal Lord John Hay Liberal Resignation pending elevation to the peerage
Leominster 26 February 1866[19 1] Gathorne Hardy Conservative Richard Arkwright Conservative Double election, chose to sit for Oxford University
City of London 26 February 1866[19 1] George Joachim Goschen Liberal George Joachim Goschen Liberal Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster[19 2]
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co An uncontested by-election.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay Seat vacated on appointment to the office noted.
  3. ^ Both Robert Campbell and William Brett polled exactly the same number of votes. The mayor, as returning officer, gave his casting vote for the Liberal candidate Robert Campbell. As this vote was given after four o'clock, however, an appeal was lodged, and the House of Commons declared that the returning officer had no right to a casting vote, and that he should have returned the names of both tied candidates. On scrutiny of the votes, one vote was struck off Campbell's total, and the Conservative candidate William Brett declared duly elected.

18th Parliament (1859–1865)[edit]

By-election Date Former Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause
Devonport 22 June 1865 Arthur William Buller Liberal Thomas Brassey Liberal Resignation to contest Liskeard
Liskeard 21 June 1865[18 1] Ralph Bernal Osborne Liberal Arthur William Buller Liberal Resignation
Coventry 21 June 1865[18 1] Joseph Paxton Liberal Henry Eaton Conservative Death
Lambeth 9 May 1865[18 1] William Williams Liberal James Lawrence Liberal Death
Clackmannanshire and Kinross-shire 20 April 1865[18 1] William Patrick Adam Liberal William Patrick Adam Liberal Lord of the Treasury[18 2]
Wigtown Burghs 15 April 1865[18 1] William Dunbar Liberal George Young Liberal Resignation (Commissioner for Auditing the Public Accounts)
Rochdale 15 April 1865 Richard Cobden Liberal Thomas Bayley Potter Liberal Death
Louth 15 April 1865 Richard Montesquieu Bellew Liberal Tristram Kennedy Liberal Resignation (Commissioner of Poor Laws in Ireland)
South Shropshire 12 April 1865[18 1] Viscount Newport Conservative Percy Egerton Herbert Conservative Succession to a peerage
Evesham 4 April 1865[18 1] Henry Willoughby Conservative James Bourne Conservative Death
North Devon 1 April 1865[18 1] James Wentworth Buller Liberal Thomas Dyke Acland Liberal Death
North Wiltshire 20 March 1865[18 1] Thomas H. Sotheron-Estcourt Conservative Lord Charles Bruce Liberal Resignation
Tipperary 24 February 1865 Daniel O'Donoghue Liberal Charles Moore Liberal Resignation to contest Tralee
Lancaster 20 February 1865[18 1] Samuel Gregson Liberal Henry Schneider Liberal Death
Truro 14 February 1865 Montague Edward Smith Conservative Frederick Williams Conservative Resignation (Judge of the Court of Common Pleas)
Tralee 14 February 1865 Thomas O'Hagan Liberal Daniel O'Donoghue Liberal Resignation (Judge of the Court of Common Pleas in Ireland)
Cork City 14 February 1865[18 1] Francis Lyons Liberal Nicholas Daniel Murphy Liberal Resignation
Salford 13 February 1865[18 1] William Nathaniel Massey Liberal John Cheetham Liberal Resignation (Council of India)
Buteshire 6 February 1865 David Mure Conservative George Boyle Conservative Resignation (Senator of the College of Justice)
North Warwickshire 13 December 1864[18 1] Richard Spooner Conservative William Bromley-Davenport Conservative Death
West Suffolk 8 December 1864[18 1] Earl Jermyn Conservative Lord Augustus Hervey Conservative Succession to a peerage
Carmarthen Boroughs 31 October 1864[18 1] David Morris Liberal William Morris Liberal Death
Hastings 6 October 1864 Lord Harry George Vane Liberal George Waldegrave-Leslie Liberal Succession to a peerage
Exeter 4 August 1864 Edward Divett Liberal Lord Courtenay Conservative Death
East Gloucestershire 12 July 1864[18 1] Christopher William Codrington Conservative Michael Hicks Beach Conservative Death
North Durham 28 June 1864[18 1] Lord Adolphus Vane-Tempest Conservative Hedworth Williamson Liberal Death
Gloucester 25 May 1864[18 1] John Joseph Powell Liberal John Joseph Powell Liberal Recorder of Wolverhampton[18 2]
Stockport 9 May 1864[18 1] James Kershaw Liberal Edward Watkin Liberal Death
Merthyr Tydfil 25 April 1864[18 1] Henry Austin Bruce Liberal Henry Austin Bruce Liberal Vice-President of the Committee on Education[18 2]
Pontefract 20 April 1864[18 1] Hugh Childers Liberal Hugh Childers Liberal Civil Lord of the Admiralty[18 2]
Fife 19 April 1864[18 1] James Hay Erskine Wemyss Liberal Robert Anstruther Liberal Death
Devizes 18 April 1864[18 1] William Addington Conservative Thomas Bateson Conservative Succession to a peerage
Lancaster 13 April 1864 William James Garnett Conservative Edward Matthew Fenwick Liberal Resignation
Oxford 9 April 1864[18 1] Edward Cardwell Liberal Edward Cardwell Liberal Secretary of State for the Colonies[18 2]
County Armagh 23 March 1864[18 1] Maxwell Charles Close Conservative James Stronge Conservative Resignation
Hertfordshire 14 March 1864 Christopher William Puller Liberal Henry Edward Surtees Conservative Death
Dorset 27 February 1864[18 1] Henry Ker Seymer Conservative John Floyer Conservative Resignation
Brighton 16 February 1864 William Coningham Liberal Henry Moor Conservative Resignation
Winchester 10 February 1864[18 1] James Buller East Conservative Thomas Willis Fleming Conservative Resignation
Tewkesbury 9 February 1864[18 1] Frederick Lygon Conservative John Yorke Conservative Resignation to contest West Worcestershire.
Durham City 9 February 1864[18 1] William Atherton Liberal John Henderson Liberal Death
Buckinghamshire 29 December 1863 William George Cavendish Liberal Robert Bateson Harvey Conservative Succession to a peerage
Andover 18 November 1863 William Cubitt Conservative William Humphery Conservative Death
Oxford 7 November 1863[18 1] James Haughton Langston Liberal Charles Neate Liberal Death
Windsor 4 November 1863 George William Hope Conservative Richard Henry Howard Vyse Conservative Death
West Worcestershire 26 October 1863[18 1] Viscount Elmley Conservative Frederick Lygon Conservative Succession to a peerage
Barnstaple 20 October 1863 George Potts Liberal Thomas Lloyd Liberal Death
Thomas Lloyd Liberal Richard Bremridge Conservative By-election result reversed on petition
Richmond 17 October 1863[18 1] Roundell Palmer Liberal Roundell Palmer Liberal Attorney General for England and Wales[18 2]
Reading 17 October 1863[18 1] Gillery Pigott Liberal George Shaw-Lefevre Liberal Resignation (Baron of the Court of the Exchequer)
Plymouth 17 October 1863[18 1] Robert Collier Liberal Robert Collier Liberal Solicitor General for England and Wales[18 2]
Tamworth 12 October 1863 Viscount Raynham Liberal John Peel Conservative Succession to a peerage
Coventry 8 October 1863 Edward Ellice Liberal Morgan Treherne Conservative Death
Ludlow 28 August 1863 Beriah Botfield Conservative William Fraser Conservative Death
Montgomery Boroughs 20 August 1863 John Samuel Willes Johnson Conservative Charles Hanbury-Tracy Liberal Death
Pontefract 3 August 1863[18 1] Richard Monckton Milnes Liberal Samuel Waterhouse Conservative Elevation to the peerage
Clare 3 August 1863[18 1] Francis Macnamara Calcutt Liberal Colman O'Loghlen Liberal Death
Berwick-upon-Tweed 29 June 1863 Charles William Gordon Conservative William Walter Cargill Conservative Death
Lisburn 26 June 1863 John Doherty Barbour Liberal Edward Wingfield Verner Conservative Void By-election
New Ross 8 June 1863 Charles Tottenham (II) Conservative Charles George Tottenham Conservative Resignation
Kinsale 8 June 1863 John Arnott Liberal George Conway Colthurst Liberal Resignation
City of London 2 June 1863[18 1] Western Wood Liberal George Joachim Goschen Liberal Death
Tralee 15 May 1863[18 1] Daniel O'Connell, Jr. Liberal Thomas O'Hagan Liberal Resignation
Antrim 6 May 1863[18 1] George Upton Conservative Edward O'Neill Conservative Succession to an Irish peerage
Halifax 28 April 1863[18 1] James Stansfeld Liberal James Stansfeld Liberal Civil Lord of the Admiralty[18 2]
Radnor Boroughs 25 April 1863[18 1] George Cornewall Lewis Liberal Richard Green-Price Liberal Death
Dublin County 22 April 1863[18 1] James Hans Hamilton Conservative Ion Hamilton Conservative Resignation
Thetford 21 April 1863 Earl of Euston Liberal Lord Frederick FitzRoy Liberal Succession to a peerage
North Lancashire 24 March 1863[18 1] Marquess of Hartington Liberal Marquess of Hartington Liberal Civil Lord of the Admiralty[18 2]
Bandon 27 February 1863 William Smyth Bernard Conservative Henry Boyle Bernard Conservative Death
Lisburn 23 February 1863 Jonathan Joseph Richardson Conservative John Doherty Barbour Liberal Resignation
Chichester 21 February 1863[18 1] Humphrey William Freeland Liberal John Abel Smith Liberal Resignation
Devizes 18 February 1863 John Neilson Gladstone Conservative William Addington Conservative Death
West Somerset 17 February 1863[18 1] Charles Moody Conservative William Gore-Langton Conservative Resignation
Cambridgeshire 14 February 1863[18 1] Edward Ball Conservative Lord George Manners Conservative Resignation
Devonport 12 February 1863 Michael Seymour Liberal William Ferrand Conservative Resignation
Cambridge 12 February 1863 Andrew Steuart Conservative Francis Powell Conservative Resignation
Reigate 6 February 1863 William John Monson Liberal Granville William Gresham Leveson-Gower Liberal Succession to a peerage
Totnes 20 January 1863 George Hay Liberal Alfred Seymour Liberal Death
East Kent 5 January 1863 William Deedes Conservative Edward Dering Liberal Death
Andover 17 December 1862[18 1] Henry Beaumont Coles Conservative William Cubitt Conservative Death
Totnes 9 December 1862 Thomas Mills Liberal John Pender Liberal Death
Southampton 6 December 1862 Brodie McGhie Willcox Liberal William Anderson Rose Conservative Death
Stoke-upon-Trent 23 September 1862 John Lewis Ricardo Liberal Henry Grenfell Liberal Death
County Carlow 7 August 1862[18 1] William McClintock-Bunbury Conservative Denis William Pack Beresford Conservative Resignation
Kirkcaldy Burghs 25 July 1862[18 1] Robert Ferguson Liberal Roger Sinclair Aytoun Liberal Resignation
Montgomeryshire 14 July 1862 Herbert Watkin Williams-Wynn Conservative Charles Watkin Williams-Wynn Conservative Death
Shrewsbury 2 June 1862 Robert Aglionby Slaney Liberal Henry Robertson Liberal Death
Kidderminster 27 May 1862 Alfred Rhodes Bristow Liberal Luke White Liberal Resignation
Oldham 5 May 1862[18 1] William Johnson Fox Liberal John Tomlinson Hibbert Liberal Resignation
Lambeth 5 May 1862 William Roupell Liberal Frederick Doulton Liberal Resignation
Preston 4 April 1862 Richard Assheton Cross Conservative Thomas Hesketh Conservative Resignation
Wycombe 18 March 1862 George Dashwood Liberal John Remington Mills Liberal Death
North Riding of Yorkshire 17 March 1862 Edward Stillingfleet Cayley Liberal William Morritt Conservative Death
Longford 7 March 1862 Luke White Liberal Myles William O'Reilly Liberal Lord of the Treasury[18 2]
Canterbury 6 March 1862 Henry Butler-Johnstone Conservative Henry Munro-Butler-Johnstone Conservative Resignation
Wakefield 28 February 1862 William Henry Leatham Liberal John Charles Dalrymple Hay Conservative Void Election
Gloucester 26 February 1862 Charles James Monk Liberal Charles Berkeley Liberal Void Election
William Philip Price Liberal John Joseph Powell Liberal Void Election
Leicester 17 February 1862[18 1] John Biggs Liberal Peter Alfred Taylor Liberal Resignation
Great Grimsby 14 February 1862 Lord Worsley Liberal John Chapman Conservative Succession to a peerage
Lincoln 12 February 1862 George Heneage Liberal John Bramley-Moore Conservative Resignation to contest Great Grimsby
New Shoreham 5 February 1862[18 1] Charles Burrell Conservative Percy Burrell Conservative Death
Oxfordshire 3 February 1862 George Harcourt Liberal John Fane Conservative Death
Coleraine 31 January 1862[18 1] John Boyd Conservative Henry Bruce Conservative Death
Nottingham 26 December 1861 John Mellor Liberal Robert Juckes Clifton Liberal Resignation (Justice of the Court of the King's Bench)
East Worcestershire 20 December 1861[18 1] John Hodgetts-Foley Liberal Harry Vernon Liberal Death
Finsbury 17 December 1861 Thomas Slingsby Duncombe Liberal William Cox Liberal Death
Birkenhead 11 December 1861 N/A N/A John Laird Conservative Birkenhead enfranchised
Carlisle 26 November 1861 James Graham Liberal Edmund Potter Liberal Death
Lincoln 9 November 1861[18 1] Gervaise Tottenham Waldo Sibthorp Conservative Charles Seely Liberal Death
Plymouth 31 October 1861 Viscount Valletort Conservative Walter Morrison Liberal Succession to a peerage
South Lancashire 19 August 1861 N/A N/A Charles Turner Conservative South Lancashire granted a third seat
Selkirkshire 1 August 1861 Allen Eliott-Lockhart Conservative Lord Henry Scott Conservative Resignation
Tamworth 31 July 1861[18 1] Robert Peel Liberal Robert Peel Liberal Chief Secretary for Ireland[18 2]
Morpeth 31 July 1861[18 1] George Grey Liberal George Grey Liberal Home Secretary[18 2]
Oxford 30 July 1861[18 1] Edward Cardwell Liberal Edward Cardwell Liberal Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster[18 2]
City of London 29 July 1861 Lord John Russell Liberal Western Wood Liberal Resignation (elevated to the peerage)
Andover 29 July 1861[18 1] William Cubitt Conservative Henry Beaumont Coles Conservative Resignation to contest City of London
Richmond 9 July 1861[18 1] Henry Rich Liberal Roundell Palmer Liberal Resignation
Durham City 8 July 1861[18 1] William Atherton Liberal William Atherton Liberal Attorney General for England and Wales[18 2]
Longford 4 July 1861[18 1] Henry White Liberal Luke White Liberal Resignation
Wolverhampton 3 July 1861 Richard Bethell Liberal Thomas Matthias Weguelin Liberal Lord Chancellor[18 2] and elevation to the peerage
Southwark 30 May 1861 Thomas Lloyd-Mostyn Liberal Lord Richard Grosvenor Liberal Death
Montgomery Boroughs 4 May 1861[18 1] David Pugh Conservative John Samuel Willes Johnson Conservative Death
Banffshire 1 May 1861[18 1] Lachlan Gordon-Duff Liberal Robert William Duff Liberal Resignation
Southwark 24 April 1861[18 1] John Locke Liberal John Locke Liberal Recorder of Brighton[18 2]
Tynemouth and North Shields 23 April 1861 Hugh Taylor Conservative Richard Hodgson Conservative Resignation
Marylebone 19 April 1861 Edwin James Liberal John Harvey Lewis Liberal Resignation
Tiverton 28 March 1861[18 1] The Viscount Palmerston Liberal The Viscount Palmerston Liberal Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports[18 2]
Sutherland 27 March 1861[18 1] Marquess of Stafford Liberal David Dundas Liberal Succession to a peerage
County Cork 28 February 1861 Rickard Deasy Liberal Nicholas Philpot Leader Conservative Resignation (Baron of the Exchequer in Ireland)
Pembroke Boroughs 22 February 1861 Sir John Owen Liberal Sir Hugh Owen Liberal Death
South Wiltshire 14 February 1861[18 1] Sidney Herbert Liberal Frederick Hervey-Bathurst Conservative Elevation to the peerage
Aberdeenshire 13 February 1861 Lord Haddo Liberal Walter Barttelot Conservative Succession to a peerage
Bradford 11 February 1861[18 1] Titus Salt Liberal William Edward Forster Liberal Resignation
Bolton 11 February 1861[18 1] Joseph Crook Liberal Thomas Barnes Liberal Resignation
Leicester 7 February 1861 Joseph William Noble Liberal William Unwin Heygate Conservative Death
Pembrokeshire 19 January 1861 Viscount Emlyn Conservative George Lort Phillips Conservative Succession to a peerage
West Sussex 27 December 1860[18 1] Earl of March Conservative Walter Barttelot Conservative Succession to a peerage
Ripon 22 December 1860 John Ashley Warre Liberal Reginald Vyner Liberal Death
South Nottinghamshire 18 December 1860[18 1] Viscount Newark Conservative Lord Stanhope Conservative Succession to a peerage
Southwark 12 December 1860 Charles Napier Liberal Austen Henry Layard Liberal Death
Newcastle-upon-Tyne 7 December 1860 George Ridley Liberal Somerset Beaumont Liberal Resignation (Inclosure Commissioner)
Wick Burghs 1 December 1860[18 1] Samuel Laing Liberal Viscount Bury Liberal Resignation (Council of India)
Reading 21 November 1860 Francis Pigott Liberal Gillery Pigott Liberal Resignation (Lieutenant Governor of the Isle of Man)
Dartmouth 3 November 1860 John Dunn Conservative John Hardy Conservative Death
Boston 30 October 1860 Herbert Ingram Liberal John Malcolm Conservative Death
Honiton 22 October 1860[18 1] Joseph Locke Liberal George Moffatt Liberal Death
Ludlow 4 September 1860[18 1] Percy Egerton Herbert Conservative George Windsor-Clive Conservative Resignation
West Cumberland 27 August 1860[18 1] Henry Wyndham Conservative Percy Wyndham Conservative Death
Sligo Borough 9 August 1860 John Arthur Wynne Conservative Francis Macdonogh Conservative Resignation
Stafford 3 August 1860 John Ayshford Wise Liberal Thomas Sidney Liberal Resignation
Donegal 17 July 1860[18 1] Edmund Hayes Conservative Viscount Hamilton Conservative Death
Brighton 16 July 1860 George Brooke-Pechell Liberal James White Liberal Death
Belfast 15 June 1860[18 1] Richard Davison Conservative Samuel Gibson Getty Conservative Resignation
Lymington 24 May 1860 Sir John Rivett-Carnac Conservative Lord George Gordon-Lennox Conservative Resignation
Berkshire 2 May 1860[18 1] Leicester Viney Vernon Conservative Richard Benyon Conservative Death
Harwich 24 April 1860[18 1] William Campbell Liberal Richard Thomas Rowley Conservative Succession to a peerage
Clare 13 April 1860 Luke White Liberal Francis Macnamara Calcutt Liberal Void Election
Londonderry City 2 April 1860 Robert Ferguson Liberal William McCormick Conservative Death
Norwich 28 March 1860[18 1] Viscount Bury Liberal William Russell Liberal Void Election
Henry William Schneider Liberal Edward Warner Liberal Void Election
Roscommon 26 March 1860[18 1] Thomas William Goff Conservative Charles Owen O'Conor Liberal Void Election
Worcester 12 March 1860[18 1] William Laslett Liberal Richard Padmore Liberal Resignation
West Surrey 10 March 1860[18 1] Henry Drummond Conservative George Cubitt Conservative Death
County Cork 5 March 1860 Rickard Deasy Liberal Rickard Deasy Liberal Attorney General for Ireland[18 2]
Ennis 20 February 1860[18 1] John FitzGerald Liberal William Stacpoole Liberal Resignation (Judge of the Court of the Queen's Bench in Ireland)
Hertford 13 February 1860[18 1] William Cowper Liberal William Cowper Liberal First Commissioner of Works[18 2]
Gateshead 13 February 1860[18 1] William Hutt Liberal William Hutt Liberal Vice-President of the Board of Trade and Paymaster General[18 2]
Forfarshire 1 February 1860[18 1] Viscount Duncan Liberal Charles Carnegie Liberal Succession to a peerage
Scarborough 1 February 1860 William Denison Liberal John Dent Dent Liberal Succession to a peerage
Pontefract 31 January 1860 William Overend Conservative Hugh Childers Liberal Resignation (arbitrator recommended resignation after contested election)
Beverly 31 January 1860[18 1] Ralph Walters Liberal James Walker Conservative Void Election
Lewes 16 January 1860[18 1] Henry Fitzroy Liberal John George Blencowe Liberal Death
Reading 11 January 1860 Henry Singer Keating Liberal Francis Goldsmid Liberal Resignation (Justice of the Court of Common Pleas)
Liskeard 9 January 1860[18 1] William Atherton Liberal William Atherton Liberal Solicitor General for England and Wales[18 2]
Whitby 23 November 1859 Robert Stephenson Conservative Harry Stephen Thompson Liberal Death
Ayrshire 31 October 1859 Lord Patrick Crichton-Stuart Liberal James Fergusson Conservative Death
South Shropshire 14 September 1859[18 1] Robert Windsor-Clive Conservative Baldwin Leighton Conservative Death
Kingston upon Hull 20 August 1859 Joseph Hoare Conservative John Somes Conservative Void Election
Berwick-upon-Tweed 20 August 1859 Ralph Anstruther Earle Conservative Dudley Marjoribanks Liberal Resignation (in exchange for withdrawal of election petition)
Liskeard 18 August 1859[18 1] Ralph Grey Liberal Ralph Bernal Osborne Liberal Resignation
Hertford 18 August 1859 William Cowper Liberal William Cowper Liberal Vice-President of the Board of Trade and Paymaster General[18 2]
Devonport 17 August 1859 James Wilson Liberal Arthur William Buller Liberal Resignation
Bodmin 13 August 1859[18 1] William Michell Conservative James Wyld Liberal Resignation (in exchange for withdrawal of election petition)
Taunton 9 August 1859 Henry Labouchere Liberal George Cavendish-Bentinck Conservative Resignation (Elevation to the peerage)
Devonport 9 August 1859 Thomas Erskine Perry Liberal Michael Seymour Liberal Resignation (Council of India)
Dartmouth 8 August 1859[18 1] Edward Wyndham Harrington Schenley Liberal John Dunn Conservative Void Election
Wicklow 18 July 1859[18 1] Lord Proby Liberal Lord Proby Liberal Comptroller of the Household[18 2]
Wolverhampton 9 July 1859[18 1] Charles Pelham Villiers Liberal Charles Pelham Villiers Liberal President of the Poor Law Board[18 2]
Ashton-under-Lyne 9 July 1859[18 1] Thomas Milner Gibson Liberal Thomas Milner Gibson Liberal President of the Board of Trade[18 2]
Marylebone 7 July 1859 Benjamin Hall Liberal Edmond Roche Liberal Elevation to the peerage
West Gloucestershire 7 July 1859[18 1] Robert Kingscote Liberal Robert Kingscote Liberal Groom in Waiting[18 2]
Lichfield 6 July 1859[18 1] Lord Alfred Paget Liberal Lord Alfred Paget Liberal Chief Equerry and Clerk Marshal[18 2]
Northampton 5 July 1859[18 1] Robert Vernon Smith Liberal The Lord Henley Liberal Elevation to the peerage
Kerry 5 July 1859[18 1] Viscount Castlerosse Liberal Viscount Castlerosse Liberal Vice-Chamberlain of the Household[18 2][18 3]
County Cork 5 July 1859[18 1] Rickard Deasy Liberal Rickard Deasy Liberal Solicitor General for Ireland[18 2]
Oxford University 1 July 1859 William Ewart Gladstone Peelite William Ewart Gladstone Liberal Chancellor of the Exchequer[18 2]
Monmouthshire 1 July 1859[18 1] Edward Arthur Somerset Conservative Poulett Somerset Conservative Resignation
Clonmel 1 July 1859[18 1] John Bagwell Liberal John Bagwell Liberal Lord Commissioner of the Treasury[18 2]
Ennis 29 June 1859[18 1] John FitzGerald Liberal John FitzGerald Liberal Attorney General for Ireland[18 2]
Cork 29 June 1859[18 1] William Trant Fagan Liberal Francis Lyons Liberal Death
South Wiltshire 29 June 1859[18 1] Sidney Herbert Liberal Sidney Herbert Liberal Secretary of State for War and Secretary at War[18 2]
Edinburgh 28 June 1859[18 1] James Moncreiff Liberal James Moncreiff Liberal Lord Advocate[18 2]
Sandwich 28 June 1859 Edward Knatchbull-Hugessen Liberal Edward Knatchbull-Hugessen Liberal Lord Commissioner of the Treasury[18 2]
Norwich 28 June 1859 Viscount Bury Liberal Viscount Bury Liberal Treasurer of the Household[18 2][18 4]
Newcastle upon Tyne 28 June 1859 Thomas Emerson Headlam Liberal Thomas Emerson Headlam Liberal Judge Advocate General[18 2]
Halifax 28 June 1859[18 1] Charles Wood Liberal Charles Wood Liberal Secretary of State for India[18 2]
Bedford 28 June 1859 Samuel Whitbread Liberal Samuel Whitbread Liberal Civil Lord of the Admiralty[18 2]
Wigtown Burghs 27 June 1859[18 1] William Dunbar Liberal William Dunbar Liberal Lord Commissioner of the Treasury[18 2]
Radnor Boroughs 27 June 1859[18 1] George Cornewall Lewis Liberal George Cornewall Lewis Liberal Home Secretary[18 2]
Wolverhampton 27 June 1859[18 1] Richard Bethell Liberal Richard Bethell Liberal Attorney General for England and Wales[18 2]
Tiverton 27 June 1859[18 1] The Viscount Palmerston Liberal The Viscount Palmerston Liberal Prime Minister and First Lord of the Treasury[18 2]
Reading 27 June 1859[18 1] Henry Singer Keating Liberal Henry Singer Keating Liberal Solicitor General for England and Wales[18 2]
Oxford 27 June 1859[18 1] Edward Cardwell Liberal Edward Cardwell Liberal Chief Secretary for Ireland[18 2]
Morpeth 27 June 1859[18 1] George Grey Liberal George Grey Liberal Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster[18 2]
Lewes 27 June 1859[18 1] Henry Fitzroy Liberal Henry Fitzroy Liberal First Commissioner of Works[18 2]
Devonport 27 June 1859[18 1] James Wilson Liberal James Wilson Liberal Vice-President of the Board of Trade and Paymaster General[18 2]
Calne 27 June 1859[18 1] Robert Lowe Liberal Robert Lowe Liberal Vice-President of the Committee of the Council on Education[18 2]
Ashton-under-Lyne 27 June 1859[18 1] Thomas Milner Gibson Liberal Thomas Milner Gibson Liberal President of the Poor Law Board[18 2]
City of London 27 June 1859[18 1] Lord John Russell Liberal Lord John Russell Liberal Foreign Secretary[18 2]
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr An uncontested by-election.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay Seat vacated on appointment to the office noted.
  3. ^ According to the writ of election the by-election cause was Castlerosse being appointed Treasurer of the Household. However according to the London Gazette he does not appear to have actually been appointed to that office but was instead appointed Vice-Chamberlain of the Household.
  4. ^ According to the writ of election the by-election cause was Bury being appointed Comptroller of the Household. However according to the London Gazette he does not appear to have actually been appointed to that office but was instead appointed Treasurer of the Household.

17th Parliament (1857–1859)[edit]

By-election Date Former Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause
Harwich 18 March 1859 John Bagshaw Whig Henry Jervis-White-Jervis Conservative Resignation
Stirlingshire 14 March 1859[17 1] Peter Blackburn Conservative Peter Blackburn Conservative Junior Lord of the Treasury[17 2]
North Northumberland 10 March 1859[17 1] Lord Lovaine Conservative Lord Lovaine Conservative Vice-President of the Board of Trade and Paymaster General[17 2]
West Sussex 9 March 1859[17 1] Earl of March Conservative Earl of March Conservative President of the Poor Law Board[17 2]
North Wiltshire 8 March 1859[17 1] Thomas H. Sotheron-Estcourt Conservative Thomas H. Sotheron-Estcourt Conservative Home Secretary[17 2]
Tewkesbury 8 March 1859 Frederick Lygon Conservative Frederick Lygon Conservative Civil Lord of the Admiralty[17 2]
Bury St. Edmunds 7 March 1859[17 1] Earl Jermyn Conservative Lord Alfred Hervey Conservative Succession to a peerage
Midhurst 3 March 1859[17 1] Samuel Warren Conservative John Hardy Conservative Resignation
Marylebone 25 February 1859 Viscount Ebrington Whig Edwin James Whig Resignation and elevation to the House of Lords through a Writ of acceleration
East Worcestershire 24 February 1859 George Rushout Conservative Frederick Gough-Calthorpe Whig Succession to a peerage
West Riding of Yorkshire 21 February 1859[17 1] Viscount Goderich Whig John Ramsden Whig Succession to a peerage
Enniskillen 21 February 1859 James Whiteside Conservative John Lowry Cole Conservative Resignation in order to contest Dublin University
Greenwich 16 February 1859 John Townsend Whig David Salomons Whig Resignation
Hythe 15 February 1859[17 1] John Ramsden Whig Mayer Amschel de Rothschild Whig Resignation in order to contest the West Riding of Yorkshire
Oxford University 12 February 1859[17 1] William Ewart Gladstone Peelite William Ewart Gladstone Peelite Resignation (Lord High Commissioner of the Ionian Islands)
Galway Borough 11 February 1859[17 1] Anthony O'Flaherty Whig John Orrell Lever Conservative Void Election
Dublin University 11 February 1859[17 1] George Alexander Hamilton Conservative James Whiteside Conservative Resignation
Banbury 9 February 1859 Henry William Tancred Whig Bernhard Samuelson Whig Resignation
Linlithgowshire 5 February 1859[17 1] George Dundas Conservative Charles Baillie Conservative Resignation (Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island)
Boston 3 February 1859[17 1] William Henry Adams Conservative William Henry Adams Conservative Recorder of Derby[17 2]
Breconshire 28 December 1858[17 1] Joseph Bailey Conservative Godfrey Morgan Conservative Death
Herefordshire 18 December 1858[17 1] Thomas William Booker-Blakemore Conservative Lord Montagu Graham Conservative Death
Manchester 17 November 1858[17 1] John Potter Whig Thomas Bazley Whig Death
Reigate 23 October 1858 Henry Rawlinson Whig William Monson Whig Resignation (Council of India)
Leominster 22 October 1858[17 1] John Willoughby Conservative Charles Bateman-Hanbury Conservative Resignation (Council of India)
Guildford 22 October 1858 Ross Donnelly Mangles Whig Guildford Onslow Whig Resignation (Council of India)
North Cheshire 7 August 1858[17 1] William Egerton Conservative Wilbraham Egerton Conservative Resignation
South Devon 6 August 1858[17 1] John Yarde-Buller Conservative Samuel Trehawke Kekewich Conservative Resignation and elevation to the peerage
Stamford 17 July 1858[17 1] John Inglis Conservative Stafford Northcote Conservative Resignation (Lord Justice Clerk)
West Cornwall 5 July 1858[17 1] Michael Williams Whig John St Aubyn Whig Death
East Norfolk 1 July 1858 Edward Buxton Whig Wenman Coke Whig Death
Hertfordshire 8 June 1858[17 1] Edward Bulwer-Lytton Conservative Edward Bulwer-Lytton Conservative Secretary of State for the Colonies[17 2]
King's Lynn 5 June 1858[17 1] Lord Stanley Conservative Lord Stanley Conservative President of the Board of Control[17 2]
Limerick City 21 May 1858[17 1] George Gavin Whig James Spaight Conservative Void By-Election
Leitrim 17 May 1858[17 1] Hugh Lyons Montgomery Conservative William Ormsby-Gore Conservative Resignation
Dublin University 27 March 1858 Joseph Napier Conservative Anthony Lefroy Conservative Resignation (Lord Chancellor of Ireland)
City Durham 17 March 1858[17 1] John Mowbray Conservative John Mowbray Conservative Judge Advocate General[17 2]
Tyrone 11 March 1858[17 1] Lord Claud Hamilton Conservative Lord Claud Hamilton Conservative Treasurer of the Household[17 2]
North Northumberland 11 March 1858[17 1] Lord Lovaine Conservative Lord Lovaine Conservative Civil Lord of the Admiralty[17 2]
County Dublin 11 March 1858[17 1] Thomas Edward Taylor Conservative Thomas Edward Taylor Conservative Junior Lord of the Treasury[17 2]
South Shropshire 9 March 1858[17 1] Viscount Newport Conservative Viscount Newport Conservative Vice-Chamberlain of the Household[17 2]
Enniskillen 9 March 1858[17 1] James Whiteside Conservative James Whiteside Conservative Attorney-General for Ireland[17 2]
North Staffordshire 8 March 1858[17 1] Charles Adderley Conservative Charles Adderley Conservative Vice-President of the Committee of the Council on Education and President of the Board of Health[17 2]
North Leicestershire 8 March 1858[17 1] Lord John Manners Conservative Lord John Manners Conservative First Commissioner of Works[17 2]
Buckinghamshire 8 March 1858[17 1] Benjamin Disraeli Conservative Benjamin Disraeli Conservative Chancellor of the Exchequer[17 2]
East Suffolk 6 March 1858[17 1] Fitzroy Kelly Conservative Fitzroy Kelly Conservative Attorney General for England and Wales[17 2]
Oxfordshire 6 March 1858[17 1] Joseph Warner Henley Conservative Joseph Warner Henley Conservative President of the Board of Trade[17 2]
Chichester 6 March 1858[17 1] Lord Henry Lennox Conservative Lord Henry Lennox Conservative Junior Lord of the Treasury[17 2]
North Wiltshire 5 March 1858[17 1] Thomas H. Sotheron-Estcourt Conservative Thomas H. Sotheron-Estcourt Conservative President of the Poor Law Board[17 2]
Belfast 5 March 1858[17 1] Hugh Cairns Conservative Hugh Cairns Conservative Solicitor General for England and Wales[17 2]
King's Lynn 4 March 1858[17 1] Lord Stanley Conservative Lord Stanley Conservative Secretary of State for the Colonies[17 2]
Huntingdon 4 March 1858[17 1] Jonathan Peel Conservative Jonathan Peel Conservative Secretary of State for War and Secretary at War[17 2]
Cambridge University 4 March 1858[17 1] Spencer Horatio Walpole Conservative Spencer Horatio Walpole Conservative Home Secretary[17 2]
Wenlock 3 March 1858[17 1] George Weld-Forester Conservative George Weld-Forester Conservative Comptroller of the Household[17 2]
Stamford 3 March 1858[17 1] Sir Frederic Thesiger Conservative John Inglis Conservative Lord Chancellor[17 2] and elevation to the peerage
Droitwich 3 March 1858[17 1] Sir John Pakington Conservative Sir John Pakington Conservative First Lord of the Admiralty[17 2]
Cockermouth 3 March 1858[17 1] Lord Naas Conservative Lord Naas Conservative Chief Secretary for Ireland[17 2]
Bridgnorth 3 March 1858[17 1] Henry Whitmore Conservative Henry Whitmore Conservative Junior Lord of the Treasury[17 2]
Wicklow 25 February 1858[17 1] Viscount Milton Whig Lord Proby Whig Succession to a peerage
South Northamptonshire 20 February 1858 Viscount Althorp Whig Henry Cartwright Conservative Succession to a peerage
Limerick City 15 February 1858 James O'Brien Whig George Gavin Whig Resignation (Justice of the Court of Queen's Bench in Ireland)
Reigate 6 February 1858 William Hackblock Whig Henry Rawlinson Whig Death
Mayo 30 December 1857[17 1] George Henry Moore Independent Irish Lord John Browne Whig Void Election
Buckinghamshire 28 December 1857 Charles Compton Cavendish Whig William George Cavendish Whig Resignation and elevation to the peerage
Elgin Burghs 19 December 1857[17 1] George Skene Duff Whig M. E. Grant Duff Whig Resignation
Whitehaven 17 December 1857[17 1] Robert Charles Hildyard Conservative George Lyall Conservative Death
North Northamptonshire 16 December 1857 Augustus Stafford Conservative George Ward Hunt Conservative Death
Scarborough 14 December 1857 Earl of Mulgrave Whig John Dent Dent Whig Resignation
Ashton-under-Lyne 14 December 1857 Charles Hindley Whig Thomas Milner Gibson Whig Death
Paisley 11 December 1857 Archibald Hastie Whig Humphrey Crum-Ewing Whig Death
East Kent 10 December 1857[17 1] Sir Edward Dering Whig William Deedes Conservative Resignation
Thetford 9 December 1857[17 1] Francis Baring Conservative Alexander Baring Conservative Resignation
Harwich 9 December 1857 George Drought Warburton Whig Robert John Bagshaw Whig Death
Oldham 19 October 1857[17 1] James Platt Whig William Johnson Fox Whig Death
Tavistock 4 September 1857 George Henry Charles Byng Whig Lord Arthur Russell Whig Resignation to contest Middlesex
Middlesex 3 September 1857[17 1] Lord Robert Grosvenor Whig George Henry Charles Byng Whig Elevation to the peerage
Beverley 11 August 1857 Edward Auchmuty Glover Whig Henry Edwards Conservative Void Election
Great Yarmouth 10 August 1857[17 1] William McCullagh Torrens Whig Adolphus William Young Whig Void Election
Edward Watkin Whig John Mellor Whig Void Election
Birmingham 10 August 1857[17 1] George Frederic Muntz Whig John Bright Whig Death
Falkirk Burghs 8 August 1857[17 1] James Merry Whig John Glencairn Carter Hamilton Whig Void Election
City of London 28 July 1857[17 1] Lionel de Rothschild Whig Lionel de Rothschild Whig Seeks re-election following the rejection of the Jewish Disabilities Bill
Woodstock 24 July 1857[17 1] Marquess of Blandford Conservative Lord Alfred Spencer-Churchill Conservative Succession to a peerage
Oxford 21 July 1857 Charles Neate Whig Edward Cardwell Peelite Void Election
Banffshire 30 June 1857[17 1] The Earl Fife Whig Lachlan Gordon-Duff Whig Resignation
Carmarthenshire 12 June 1857[17 1] David Arthur Saunders Davies Conservative David Pugh Conservative Death
Kerry 9 June 1857 Henry Arthur Herbert Whig Henry Arthur Herbert Whig Chief Secretary for Ireland[17 2]
Leeds 5 June 1857 Robert Hall Conservative George Skirrow Beecroft Conservative Death
Reading 2 June 1857[17 1] Henry Singer Keating Whig Henry Singer Keating Whig Solicitor General for England and Wales[17 2]
Penryn and Falmouth 27 May 1857[17 1] Thomas George Baring Whig Thomas George Baring Whig Civil Lord of the Admiralty[17 2]
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl An uncontested by-election.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag Seat vacated on appointment to the office noted.

References[edit]

  • List of MPs since 1660
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1977)
  • F. W. S. Craig, British Parliamentary Election Statistics 1832-1987
  • F. W. S. Craig, Chronology of British Parliamentary By-elections 1833-1987
  • Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801-1922, edited by B.M. Walker (Royal Irish Academy 1978)