List of United Kingdom by-elections (1885–1900)

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This is a list of parliamentary by-elections in the United Kingdom held between 1885 and 1900, with the names of the previous incumbent and the victor in the by-election and their respective parties. Where seats changed political party at the election, the result is highlighted: light blue for a Conservative (including Liberal Unionist and Irish Unionist) gain, orange for a Liberal (including Liberal-Labour and Liberal/Crofter) gain, light green for an Irish Parliamentary Party (including the Irish National Federation Anti-Parnellite Nationalist group from March 1891, but not the Irish National League Parnellite Nationalist faction when the IPP was split between December 1890 and 1900) gain and grey for any other gain.

Resignations[edit]

Where the cause of by-election is given as "resignation" or "seeks re-election", this indicates that the incumbent was appointed on his own request to an "office of profit under the Crown", either the Steward of the Chiltern Hundreds or the Steward of the Manor of Northstead. These appointments are made as a constitutional device for leaving the House of Commons, whose Members are not permitted to resign.

By-elections[edit]

26th Parliament (1895–1900)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause
Wilton 17 July 19001 Viscount Folkestone Conservative James Archibald Morrison Conservative Succession to the peerage
Manchester South 29 May 1900 Marquis of Lorne Liberal Unionist William Wellesley Peel Liberal Unionist Succession to the peerage
Isle of Wight 23 May 1900 Sir Richard Webster Conservative John Seely Conservative Resignation
Dublin University 16 May 19001 Edward Henry Carson Irish Unionist Edward Henry Carson Irish Unionist Solicitor General2
Edinburgh and St Andrews Universities 3 May 19001 Sir William Overend Priestley Conservative Sir John Batty Tuke Conservative Death
Portsmouth 3 May 1900 Walter Owen Clough Liberal Thomas Arthur Bramsdon Liberal Resignation
Holborn 23 March 19001 Sir Charles Hall Conservative James Remnant Conservative Death
Brixton 20 March 19001 Evelyn Hubbard Conservative Sir Robert Mowbray Conservative Resignation
North Sligo 7 March 19001 Bernard Collery Irish National Federation John O'Dowd Irish Parliamentary Resignation
South Mayo 27 February 1900 Michael Davitt Irish National Federation John O'Donnell Irish Parliamentary Resignation
Newark 16 February 1900 Viscount Newark Conservative Sir Charles Welby, Bt Conservative Succession to the peerage
Plymouth 16 February 19001 Sir Edward Clarke Conservative Ivor Churchill Guest Conservative Resignation
Rossendale 13 February 1900 John Henry Maden Liberal Sir William Mather Liberal Resignation
Mid Armagh 12 February 1900 Dunbar Plunket Barton Irish Unionist John Brownlee Lonsdale Irish Unionist Resignation
London University 6–10 February 1900 Sir John Lubbock Liberal Unionist Sir Michael Foster Liberal Unionist Elevation to the peerage
York 6 February 1900 Lord Charles Beresford Conservative George Denison Faber Conservative Resignation
Clackmannanshire and Kinross-shire 20 December 1899 John Balfour Liberal Eugene Wason Liberal Resignation
Wells 7 December 18991 Hylton Jolliffe Conservative Robert Edmund Dickinson Conservative Succession to the peerage
Exeter 6 November 1899 Henry Northcote Conservative Sir Edgar Vincent Conservative Resignation
Bow and Bromley 27 October 1899 Lionel Holland Conservative Walter Guthrie Conservative Resignation
St Pancras East 12 July 1899 Robert Grant Webster Conservative Thomas Wrightson Conservative Resignation
Oldham6 6 July 1899 Robert Ascroft Conservative Alfred Emmott Liberal Death
James Francis Oswald Conservative Walter Runciman Liberal Resignation
Osgoldcross4 5 July 1899 Sir John Austin Liberal Sir John Austin Independent Liberal Seeks re-election on leaving party
Edinburgh East 23 June 1899 Robert Wallace Liberal George McCrae Liberal Death
Edinburgh South3 19 June 1899 Robert Cox Liberal Unionist Arthur Dewar Liberal Death
Southport5 30 May 1899 Sir Herbert Naylor-Leyland Liberal George Augustus Pilkington Liberal Death
Oxford University 11 May 18991 Sir John Robert Mowbray Conservative Sir William Reynell Anson Liberal Unionist Death
Merionethshire 2 May 18991 Thomas Edward Ellis Liberal Owen Morgan Edwards Liberal Death
Harrow 5 April 1899 William Ambrose Conservative Irwin Cox Conservative Resignation
North Norfolk 16 March 1899 Herbert Cozens-Hardy Liberal William Brampton Gurdon Liberal Resignation
Elland 8 March 1899 Thomas Wayman Liberal Charles Philips Trevelyan Liberal Resignation
Hythe 1 March 1899 Sir James Bevan Edwards Conservative Sir Edward Sassoon Conservative Resignation
North Antrim 25 February 18991 Hugh McCalmont Irish Unionist William Moore Irish Unionist Resignation
Rotherham 23 February 1899 Arthur Herbert Dyke Acland Liberal William Henry Holland Liberal Resignation
North West Lanarkshire 21 February 1899 John Goundry Holburn Liberal Charles Mackinnon Douglas Liberal Death
Londonderry City 16 February 1899 Edmund Francis Vesey Knox Irish National Federation Arthur John Moore Irish Parliamentary Resignation
Birmingham North 14 February 18991 William Kenrick Liberal Unionist John Throgmorton Middlemore Liberal Unionist Resignation
Epsom 23 January 18991 Thomas Bucknill Conservative William Keswick Conservative Resignation
Newton 16 January 18991 Thomas Wodehouse Legh Conservative Richard Pilkington Conservative Succession to the peerage
Aylesbury 6 January 18991 Ferdinand James de Rothschild Liberal Unionist Lionel Walter Rothschild Liberal Unionist Death
Liverpool Kirkdale 9 December 18981 Sir George Smyth Baden-Powell Conservative David MacIver Conservative Death
Oxford 4 November 18981 Viscount Valentia Conservative Viscount Valentia Conservative Comptroller of the Household2
North Fermanagh 1 November 1898 Richard Martin Dane Irish Unionist Edward Archdale Irish Unionist Resignation
Ormskirk 20 October 18981 Sir Arthur Bower Forwood Conservative Arthur Stanley Conservative Death
Darlington 17 September 1898 Arthur Pease Liberal Unionist Herbert Pike Pease Liberal Unionist Death
North Down 7 September 1898 Thomas Waring Irish Unionist John Blakiston-Houston Irish Unionist Death
Southport5 24 August 1898 George Nathaniel Curzon Conservative Sir Herbert Naylor-Leyland Liberal Resignation
Launceston 3 August 1898 Thomas Owen Liberal Sir John Fletcher Moulton Liberal Death
Great Grimsby4 2 August 1898 Sir George Doughty Liberal Sir George Doughty Liberal Unionist Seeks re-election on changing party
Reading4 25 July 1898 Charles Townshend Murdoch Conservative George William Palmer Liberal Death
West Down 18 July 18981 Lord Arthur William Hill Irish Unionist Arthur Hill Irish Unionist Resignation
Gravesend 13 July 1898 James Dampier Palmer Conservative John Ryder Conservative Resignation
Durham4 30 June 1898 Matthew Fowler Liberal Arthur Elliot Liberal Unionist Death
Hertford 22 June 1898 Abel Smith Conservative Evelyn Cecil Conservative Death
South Norfolk4 12 May 1898 Francis Taylor Liberal Unionist Arthur Wellesley Soames Liberal Resignation
Newark 11 May 18981 Harold Heneage Finch-Hatton Conservative Viscount Newark Conservative Resignation
West Staffordshire 10 May 1898 Hamar Alfred Bass Liberal Unionist Sir Alexander Henderson Liberal Unionist Death
Wokingham 30 March 1898 Sir George Russell Conservative Oliver Young Conservative Death
Maidstone 26 March 1898 Sir Frederick Hunt Conservative Fiennes Cornwallis Conservative Resignation
Stepney3 9 March 1898 Frederick Wootton Isaacson Conservative William Charles Steadman Lib-Lab Death
Cricklade4 24 February 1898 Alfred Hopkinson Liberal Unionist Lord Edmond FitzMaurice Liberal Resignation
Birmingham Edgbaston 15 February 18981 George Dixon Liberal Unionist Sir Francis William Lowe Conservative Death
Pembrokeshire 15 February 1898 William Rees Morgan Davies Liberal John Wynford Philipps Liberal Resignation
Marylebone West 3 February 18981 Sir Horace Brand Townsend Farquhar Liberal Unionist Sir Samuel Edward Scott Conservative Elevation to the peerage
South East Durham3 3 February 1898 Sir Henry Marshman Havelock-Allan Liberal Unionist Joseph Richardson Liberal Death
Wolverhampton South 3 February 1898 Charles Pelham Villiers Liberal Unionist John Lloyd Gibbons Liberal Unionist Death
Dublin St Stephen's Green 21 January 1898 William Kenny Liberal Unionist James Henry Mussen Campbell Irish Unionist Resignation
Mid Armagh 21 January 18981 Dunbar Plunket Barton Irish Unionist Dunbar Plunket Barton Irish Unionist Solicitor General for Ireland2
York4 13 January 1898 Frank Lockwood Liberal Lord Charles Beresford Conservative Death
Plymouth 12 January 1898 Charles Harrison Liberal Sigismund Mendl Liberal Death
Deptford 15 November 1897 Charles John Darling Conservative Arthur Henry Aylmer Morton Conservative Resignation
Liverpool Exchange 10 November 1897 John Charles Bigham Liberal Unionist Charles McArthur Liberal Unionist Resignation
Middleton3 4 November 1897 Thomas Fielden Conservative James Duckworth Liberal Death
Barnsley 28 October 1897 Earl Compton Liberal Joseph Walton Liberal Succession to the peerage
East Denbighshire 28 September 1897 Sir George Osborne Morgan Liberal Samuel Moss Liberal Death
Sheffield Brightside 6 August 1897 Anthony John Mundella Liberal Frederick Maddison Lib-Lab Death
South Roscommon 15 July 18971 Luke Patrick Hayden Irish National Federation John Patrick Hayden Irish National Federation Death
Petersfield 8 June 1897 William Wickham Conservative William Graham Nicholson Conservative Death
Halifax 3 March 1897 William Rawson Shaw Liberal Alfred Billson Liberal Resignation
Chertsey 18 February 1897 Charles Harvey Combe Conservative Henry Currie Leigh-Bennett Conservative Resignation
Glasgow Bridgeton 15 February 1897 Sir George Otto Trevelyan Liberal Sir Charles Cameron Liberal Resignation
Walthamstow3 3 February 1897 Edmund Widdrington Byrne Conservative Sam Woods Lib-Lab Resignation
Romford 1 February 1897 Alfred Money Wigram Conservative Louis Sinclair Conservative Resignation
Forfarshire 30 January 1897 James Martin White Liberal John Sinclair Liberal Resignation
Salisbury 27 January 1897 Edward Hulse Conservative Augustus Henry Eden Allhusen Conservative Resignation
Cleveland 12 January 1897 Henry Fell Pease Liberal Alfred Edward Pease Liberal Death
Bradford East 10 November 1896 Henry Byron Reed Conservative Ronald Henry Fulke Greville Conservative Death
Frome4 2 June 1896 Viscount Weymouth Conservative John Barlow Liberal Succession to the peerage
Wick Burghs3 2 June 1896 Sir John Pender Liberal Unionist Thomas Charles Hunter Hedderwick Liberal Resignation
Edinburgh and St Andrews Universities 12 May 18961 Sir Charles John Pearson Conservative Sir William Overend Priestley Conservative Resignation
Aberdeen North 1 May 1896 William Alexander Hunter Liberal Duncan Vernon Pirie Liberal Resignation
North Kerry 24 April 18961 Thomas Sexton Irish National Federation Michael Joseph Flavin Irish National Federation Resignation
Dublin College Green 6 April 18961 Joseph Edward Kenny Parnellite Nationalist James Laurence Carew Parnellite Nationalist Resignation
East Kerry 27 March 1896 Michael Davitt Irish National Federation James Roche Irish National Federation Chose to sit for South Mayo
South Louth 19 March 1896 Dr. Daniel Ambrose Irish National Federation Richard McGhee Irish National Federation Death
Lichfield 26 February 1896 Henry Charles Fulford Liberal Courtenay Warner Liberal Void election
Montrose Burghs 22 February 1896 John Shiress Will Liberal John Morley Liberal Resignation
Southampton3 22 February 1896 Tankerville Chamberlayne Conservative Sir Francis Henry Evans Liberal Void election
Wycombe 21 February 18961 Viscount Curzon Conservative Viscount Curzon Conservative Treasurer of the Household2
Brixton 30 January 1896 Marquess of Carmarthen Conservative Evelyn Hubbard Conservative Succession to the peerage
St Pancras South 28 January 1896 Sir Julian Goldsmid Liberal Unionist Herbert Merton Jessel Liberal Unionist Death
Belfast North 22 January 1896 Sir Edward Harland Irish Unionist Sir James Horner Haslett Irish Unionist Death
Dublin University 2–6 December 1895 David Robert Plunket Irish Unionist William Edward Hartpole Lecky Liberal Unionist Elevation to the peerage
Harrow 30 November 18951 William Ambrose Conservative William Ambrose Conservative Acceptance of an office
Liverpool East Toxteth 29 November 18951 Henry de Worms Conservative Augustus Frederick Warr Conservative Elevation to the peerage
Kensington South 28 November 18951 Sir Algernon Borthwick Conservative Lord Lovaine Conservative Elevation to the peerage
West Waterford 12 September 18951 Alfred Webb Irish National Federation James John Shee Irish National Federation Resignation
Limerick City4 11 September 1895 John Daly Parnellite Nationalist Francis Arthur O'Keefe Irish National Federation Disqualification
South Kerry 5 September 1895 Denis Kilbride Irish National Federation Thomas Joseph Farrell Irish National Federation Chose to sit for North Galway
Dublin St Stephen's Green 2 September 1895 William Kenny Liberal Unionist William Kenny Liberal Unionist Solicitor General for Ireland2
Inverness Burghs 31 August 18951 Robert Finlay Liberal Unionist Robert Finlay Liberal Unionist Solicitor General2
West Cavan 2 August 18951 Edmund Francis Vesey Knox Irish National Federation James Patrick Farrell Irish National Federation Chose to sit for Londonderry City
1 An uncontested by-election.
2 Seat vacated on appointment to the office noted.
3 Gain not retained at the 1900 UK general election.
4 Gain retained at the 1900 UK general election.
5 Gain in 1898 retained at the Southport by-election, 1899 but not retained at the 1900 UK general election.
6 One gain (Runciman) not retained and one gain (Emmott) retained at the 1900 UK general election, in the two member Oldham constituency.

25th Parliament (1892–1895)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause
Ealing 8 July 18951 Lord George Hamilton Conservative Lord George Hamilton Conservative Secretary of State for India2
Sleaford 6 July 18951 Henry Chaplin Conservative Henry Chaplin Conservative President of the Local Government Board2
Blackpool 6 July 18951 Sir Matthew Ridley Conservative Sir Matthew Ridley Conservative Secretary of State for the Home Department2
Croydon 5 July 18951 Charles Thomson Ritchie Conservative Charles Thomson Ritchie Conservative President of the Board of Trade2
Manchester East 1 July 18951 Arthur James Balfour Conservative Arthur James Balfour Conservative First Lord of the Treasury2
Bristol West 1 July 18951 Sir Michael Hicks Beach Conservative Sir Michael Hicks Beach Conservative Chancellor of the Exchequer2
Birmingham West 1 July 18951 Joseph Chamberlain Liberal Unionist Joseph Chamberlain Liberal Unionist Secretary of State for the Colonies2
St George's Hanover Square 29 June 18951 George Goschen Conservative George Goschen Conservative First Lord of the Admiralty2
Cork City 27 June 1895 William O'Brien Irish National Federation J. F. X. O'Brien Irish National Federation Resignation
Inverness-shire4 13 June 1895 Donald MacGregor Liberal James Evan Bruce Baillie Conservative Resignation
Chorley 7 June 18951 Randle Joseph Feilden Conservative Lord Balniel Conservative Death
Edinburgh West 29 May 1895 Viscount Wolmer Liberal Unionist Lewis McIver Liberal Unionist Succession to a peerage
Croydon 24 May 18951 Sidney Herbert Conservative Charles Thomson Ritchie Conservative Succession to a peerage
Warwick and Leamington 23 May 1895 Arthur Wellesley Peel Liberal Unionist Alfred Lyttelton Liberal Unionist Elevation to the peerage
West Dorset 14 May 1895 Henry Richard Farquharson Conservative Robert Williams Conservative Death
Newington Walworth4 14 May 1895 William Saunders Liberal Sir James Bailey Conservative Death
Leeds East 30 April 1895 John Lawrence Gane Liberal Thomas Richmond Leuty Liberal Death
East Wicklow 26 April 1895 John Sweetman Irish National Federation Edward Peter O'Kelly Irish National Federation Seeks re-election upon becoming a Parnellite Nationalist
Mid Norfolk 23 April 1895 Clement Higgins Liberal Unionist Robert Gurdon Liberal Unionist Resignation
Oxford 20 April 1895 Sir George Tomkyns Chesney Conservative Viscount Valentia Conservative Death
Bristol East 21 March 1895 Sir Joseph Dodge Weston Liberal Sir William Henry Wills Liberal Death
Colchester4 19 February 1895 Herbert Naylor-Leyland Conservative Weetman Dickinson Pearson Liberal Resignation
Paddington South 9 February 18951 Lord Randolph Churchill Conservative George Fardell Conservative Death
Evesham 22 January 1895 Sir Edmund Lechmere Conservative Charles Wigram Long Conservative Death
Brigg3 7 December 1894 Samuel Danks Waddy Liberal John Maunsell Richardson Conservative Resignation (Recorder of Sheffield)
Forfarshire3 17 November 1894 Sir John Rigby Liberal Charles Maule Ramsay Conservative Resignation (Lord Justice of Appeal)
York 14 November 18941 Frank Lockwood Liberal Frank Lockwood Liberal Solicitor General for England and Wales2
Sutherland 26 October 18941 Angus Sutherland Liberal John MacLeod Liberal Resignation (Chairman of the Fishery Board for Scotland)
Birkenhead 17 October 1894 Viscount Bury Conservative Elliott Lees Conservative Succession to a peerage
South Kilkenny 7 September 18941 Patrick Alexander Chance Irish National Federation Samuel Morris Irish National Federation Resignation
Leicester 29 August 1894 Sir James Whitehead Liberal Henry Broadhurst Lib-Lab Resignation
James Allanson Picton Liberal Walter Hazell Liberal
Chichester 16 August 18941 Lord Walter Gordon-Lennox Conservative Lord Edmund Bernard Talbot Conservative Resignation
Sheffield Attercliffe 5 July 1894 Bernard John Seymour Coleridge Liberal J. Batty Langley Liberal Succession to a peerage
Dumfries Burghs 7 May 18941 Robert Reid Liberal Robert Reid Liberal Solicitor General for England and Wales2
Hackney South 7 May 1894 Sir Charles Russell Liberal John Fletcher Moulton Liberal Resignation
Mid Lanarkshire 5 April 1894 John Wynford Philipps Liberal James Caldwell Liberal Resignation
Wisbech 3 April 1894 Arthur Brand Liberal Arthur Brand Liberal Treasurer of the Household2
Romford 2 April 1894 James Theobald Conservative Alfred Money Wigram Conservative Death
Berwickshire 29 March 1894 Edward Marjoribanks Liberal Harold Tennant Liberal Succession to a peerage
Montgomeryshire 29 March 1894 Stuart Rendel Liberal Arthur Humphreys-Owen Liberal Elevation to the peerage
Hawick Burghs 27 March 1894 Thomas Shaw Liberal Thomas Shaw Liberal Solicitor General for Scotland2
Leith Burghs 26 March 1894 Ronald Munro-Ferguson Liberal Ronald Munro-Ferguson Liberal Lord Commissioner of the Treasury2
Leeds West 16 March 18941 Herbert Gladstone Liberal Herbert Gladstone Liberal First Commissioner of Works2
Horncastle 11 January 1894 Edward Stanhope Conservative Lord Willoughby de Eresby Conservative Death
Accrington 21 December 1893 Joseph Francis Leese Liberal Joseph Francis Leese Liberal Recorder of Manchester2
Brighton 14 December 18931 Sir William Thackeray Marriott Conservative Bruce Canning Vernon-Wentworth Conservative Resignation
South Wexford 30 November 18931 John Barry Irish National Federation Peter Ffrench Irish National Federation Resignation
Hereford4 15 August 1893 William Grenfell Liberal Charles Wallwyn Radcliffe Cooke Conservative Resignation
West Mayo 8 August 18931 John Deasy Irish National Federation Robert Ambrose Irish National Federation Resignation
Cardiganshire 4 July 18931 William Bowen Rowlands Liberal William Bowen Rowlands Liberal Recorder of Swansea2
South East Cork 28 June 18931 John Morrogh Irish National Federation Andrew Commins Irish National Federation Resignation
North East Cork 28 June 18931 Michael Davitt Irish National Federation William Abraham Irish National Federation Resignation
Pontefract 26 June 1893 Harold James Reckitt Liberal Sir Thomas Willans Nussey Liberal Void election
Swansea District 19 June 18931 Sir Henry Hussey Vivian Liberal William Williams Liberal Elevation to the peerage
Linlithgowshire3 15 June 1893 Peter McLagan Liberal Thomas Hope Conservative Resignation
Banffshire 15 March 1893 Robert William Duff Liberal Sir William Wedderburn Liberal Resignation
Great Grimsby3 6 March 1893 Henri Josse Liberal Edward Heneage Liberal Unionist Resignation
Mid Tipperary 24 February 18931 John McCarthy Irish National Federation James Francis Hogan Irish National Federation Death
Horsham 24 February 1893 Sir Walter Barttelot Conservative John Heywood Johnstone Conservative Death
Gateshead 24 February 1893 Walter Henry James Liberal William Allan Liberal Succession to a peerage
Cirencester5 23 February 1893 Thomas Chester-Master Conservative Harry Lawson Webster Lawson Liberal Void election
Stockport 22 February 1893 Louis John Jennings Conservative George Whiteley Conservative Death
North Meath 21 February 1893 Michael Davitt Irish National Federation James Gibney Irish National Federation Election declared void
South Meath 17 February 1893 Patrick Fulham Irish National Federation Jeremiah Jordan Irish National Federation Election declared void
Hexham3 17 February 1893 Nathaniel George Clayton Conservative Miles MacInnes Liberal Void election
Pontefract4 13 February 1893 Rowland Winn Conservative Harold James Reckitt Liberal Succession to a peerage
Walsall3 9 February 1893 Frank James Conservative Sir Arthur Divett Hayter Liberal Void election
Halifax 9 February 1893 Thomas Shaw Liberal William Rawson Shaw Liberal Death
North East Cork 8 February 18931 William O'Brien Irish National Federation Michael Davitt Irish National Federation Chose to sit for Cork City
Rochester 8 February 18931 Horatio David Davies Conservative Viscount Cranborne Conservative Void election
Burnley 6 February 1893 Jabez Spencer Balfour Liberal Philip Stanhope Liberal Resignation
Huddersfield3 4 February 1893 William Summers Liberal Sir Joseph Crosland Conservative Death
Liverpool West Derby 10 January 1893 William Henry Cross Conservative Walter Hume Long Conservative Death
East Aberdeenshire 10 December 1892 Peter Esslemont Liberal Thomas Buchanan Liberal Resignation (Chairman of the Fishery Board for Scotland)
Cirencester5 13 October 1892 Arthur Brend Winterbotham Liberal Thomas Chester-Master Conservative Death
Luton 29 September 1892 Cyril Flower Liberal Samuel Howard Whitbread Liberal Elevation to the peerage
Leeds South 22 September 1892 Sir Lyon Playfair Liberal John Lawson Walton Liberal Elevation to the peerage
Saffron Walden 19 September 18921 Herbert Gardner Liberal Herbert Gardner Liberal President of the Board of Agriculture2
Dundee 9 September 18921 Edmund Robertson Liberal Edmund Robertson Liberal Civil Lord of the Admiralty2
Merionethshire 26 August 18921 Thomas Edward Ellis Liberal Thomas Edward Ellis Liberal Lord Commissioner of the Treasury2
East Fife 25 August 18921 Herbert Henry Asquith Liberal Herbert Henry Asquith Liberal Secretary of State for the Home Department2
Clackmannanshire
and Kinross-shire
25 August 18921 John Blair Balfour Liberal John Blair Balfour Liberal Lord Advocate2
Stirling Burghs 25 August 18921 Henry Campbell-Bannerman Liberal Henry Campbell-Bannerman Liberal Secretary of State for War2
Elgin Burghs 25 August 18921 Alexander Asher Liberal Alexander Asher Liberal Solicitor General for Scotland2
Newcastle-upon-Tyne 25 August 1892 John Morley Liberal John Morley Liberal Chief Secretary for Ireland2
Rotherham 25 August 18921 Arthur Dyke Acland Liberal Arthur Dyke Acland Liberal Vice President of the Committee
of Council on Education
2
Forfarshire 24 August 18921 John Rigby Liberal John Rigby Liberal Solicitor General for England and Wales2
Midlothian
(or Edinburghshire)
24 August 18921 William Ewart Gladstone Liberal William Ewart Gladstone Liberal Prime Minister, First Lord of the Treasury, Lord Privy Seal2
Glasgow Bridgeton 24 August 18921 Sir George Trevelyan Liberal Sir George Trevelyan Liberal Secretary for Scotland2
Mid Northamptonshire 24 August 18921 Charles Spencer Liberal Charles Spencer Liberal Vice-Chamberlain of the Household2
Nottingham East 24 August 18921 Arnold Morley Liberal Arnold Morley Liberal Postmaster General2
Derby 24 August 1892 Sir William Vernon Harcourt Liberal Sir William Vernon Harcourt Liberal Chancellor of the Exchequer2
Aberdeen South 23 August 18921 James Bryce Liberal James Bryce Liberal Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster2
St Austell 23 August 18921 William Alexander McArthur Liberal William Alexander McArthur Liberal Lord Commissioner of the Treasury2
Wolverhampton East 23 August 18921 Henry Fowler Liberal Henry Fowler Liberal President of the Local Government Board2
Stoke-upon-Trent 23 August 18921 George Leveson-Gower Liberal George Leveson-Gower Liberal Comptroller of the Household2
Sheffield Brightside 23 August 18921 Anthony John Mundella Liberal Anthony John Mundella Liberal President of the Board of Trade2
Bury St Edmunds 23 August 18921 Lord Francis Hervey Conservative Viscount Chelsea Conservative Resignation (Civil Service Commissioner)
Bradford Central 23 August 18921 George Shaw-Lefevre Liberal George Shaw-Lefevre Liberal First Commissioner of Works2
Southwark West 23 August 18921 Richard Knight Causton Liberal Richard Knight Causton Liberal Lord Commissioner of the Treasury2
Hackney South 23 August 18921 Sir Charles Russell Liberal Sir Charles Russell Liberal Attorney General for England and Wales2
Holborn 12 August 18921 Gainsford Bruce Conservative Sir Charles Hall Conservative Resignation (High Court Judge)
1 An uncontested by-election.
2 Seat vacated on appointment to the office noted.
3 Gain not retained at the 1895 UK general election.
4 Gain retained at the 1895 UK general election.
5 Cirencester was won by the Liberal Party at the 1892 general election, by the Conservative Party at the Cirencester by-election, 1892, by the Liberal Party at the Cirencester by-election, 1893, and by the Conservative Party at the 1895 general election.

24th Parliament (1886–1892)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause
Hackney North 11 May 1892 Sir Lewis Pelly Conservative William Robert Bousfield Conservative Death
Chelmsford 30 April 18921 William James Beadel Conservative Thomas Usborne Conservative Death
East Worcestershire 30 March 18921 George Woodyatt Hastings Liberal Unionist Joseph Austen Chamberlain Liberal Unionist Expelled after a criminal conviction
Kirkcaldy Burghs 11 March 1892 Sir George Campbell Liberal James Henry Dalziel Liberal Death
North Wexford4 11 March 18921 John Edward Redmond Parnellite Nationalist Thomas Joseph Healy Irish National Federation Resignation in order to contest Cork City
Belfast East 9 March 1892 Edward de Cobain Irish Unionist Gustav Wilhelm Wolff Irish Unionist Expelled after a criminal conviction
South Derbyshire 4 March 1892 Henry Wardle Liberal Harrington Evans Broad Liberal Death
Chertsey 3 March 1892 Frederick Alers Hankey Conservative Charles Harvey Combe Conservative Death
Liverpool Everton 15 February 18921 Edward Whitley Conservative John Archibald Willox Conservative Death
Rossendale4 23 January 1892 Marquess of Hartington Liberal Unionist John Henry Maden Liberal Succession to a peerage
Waterford City 23 December 1891 Richard Power Parnellite Nationalist John Edward Redmond Parnellite Nationalist Death
Mid Armagh 17 December 18911 Sir James Porter Corry Irish Unionist Dunbar Plunket Barton Irish Unionist Death
Chichester 9 December 18911 Lord Walter Gordon-Lennox Conservative Lord Walter Gordon-Lennox Conservative Treasurer of the Household2
East Dorset 27 November 1891 George Hawkesworth Bond Conservative Humphrey Napier Sturt Conservative Death
Leeds North 23 November 18911 William Lawies Jackson Conservative William Lawies Jackson Conservative Chief Secretary for Ireland2
South Molton4 13 November 1891 Viscount Lymington Liberal Unionist George Lambert Liberal Succession to a peerage
Cork City4 6 November 1891 Charles Stewart Parnell Parnellite Nationalist Martin Flavin Irish National Federation Death
North Kilkenny 29 October 18911 Sir John Pope-Hennessy Irish National Federation Patrick McDermott Irish National Federation Death
Strand 27 October 1891 William Henry Smith Conservative William Frederick Danvers Smith Conservative Death
Cambridge University 9 October 18911 Henry Cecil Raikes Conservative Sir Richard Claverhouse Jebb Conservative Death
Buteshire 9 October 1891 James Robertson Conservative Andrew Murray Conservative Resignation (Lord Justice General)
Manchester North East 8 October 1891 Sir James Fergusson Conservative Sir James Fergusson Conservative Postmaster General2
Lewisham 26 August 1891 Viscount Lewisham Conservative John Penn Conservative Succession to a peerage
Walsall 12 August 1891 Sir Charles Forster Liberal Edward Thomas Holden Liberal Death
Wisbech4 23 July 1891 Charles William Selwyn Conservative Arthur Brand Liberal Resignation
County Carlow 7 July 1891 James Patrick Mahon Irish National Federation John Hammond Irish National Federation Death
City of London 3 June 18911 Sir Robert Nicholas Fowler Conservative Sir Reginald Hanson Conservative Death
West Derbyshire 2 June 18911 Lord Edward Cavendish Liberal Unionist Victor Christian William Cavendish Liberal Unionist Death
Paisley 1 June 1891 William Boyle Barbour Liberal William Dunn Liberal Death
Buckingham 28 May 1891 Edmund Hope Verney Liberal Herbert Samuel Leon Liberal Expelled after a criminal conviction
Strand 12 May 18911 William Henry Smith Conservative William Henry Smith Conservative Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports2
Harborough4 8 May 1891 Thomas Keay Tapling Conservative John William Logan Liberal Death
South Dorset 7 May 1891 Charles Joseph Theophilus Hambro Conservative William Ernest Brymer Conservative Death
Stowmarket4 5 May 1891 Edward Greene Conservative Sydney Stern Liberal Death
Whitehaven 24 April 1891 George Cavendish-Bentinck Conservative Sir James Bain Conservative Death
Woodstock 21 April 1891 Francis William Maclean Liberal Unionist George Herbert Morrell Conservative Resignation (Master in Lunacy)
City of London 18 April 18911 Thomas Baring Conservative Hucks Gibbs Conservative Death
North Sligo 2 April 1891 Peter McDonald Irish Parliamentary Bernard Collery Irish National Federation Death
Aston Manor 20 March 1891 George Kynoch Conservative George William Grice-Hutchinson Conservative Death
Northampton 12 February 1891 Charles Bradlaugh Liberal Moses Philip Manfield Liberal Death
The Hartlepools4 21 January 1891 Thomas Richardson Liberal Unionist Christopher Furness Liberal Death
North Kilkenny 22 December 1890 Edward Purcell Mulhallen Marum Irish Parliamentary Sir John Pope-Hennessy Irish Parliamentary Death
Bassetlaw 15 December 1890 William Beckett-Denison Conservative Frederick George Milner Conservative Death
Edinburgh and St Andrews Universities 12 November 18901 Moir Tod Stormonth Darling Conservative Sir Charles John Pearson Conservative Resignation (Senator of the College of Justice)
Eccles4 22 October 1890 Alfred John Francis Egerton Conservative Henry John Roby Liberal Death
East Carmarthenshire 8 August 18901 David Pugh Liberal Abel Thomas Liberal Death
Mid Durham 17 July 1890 William Crawford Lib-Lab John Wilson Lib-Lab Death
Barrow-in-Furness3 2 July 1890 William Sproston Caine Liberal Unionist James Duncan Liberal Resigned to restand as an Independent Liberal
North Donegal 25 June 18901 James Edward O'Doherty Irish Parliamentary James Rochfort Maguire Irish Parliamentary Resignation
West Donegal 30 May 18901 Patrick O'Hea Irish Parliamentary James Joseph Dalton Irish Parliamentary Resignation
Mid Tipperary 15 May 18901 Thomas Mayne Irish Parliamentary Henry Harrison Irish Parliamentary Resignation
East Galway 14 May 18901 Matthew Harris Irish Parliamentary John Roche Irish Parliamentary Death
Bristol East 9 May 1890 Handel Cossham Liberal Joseph Dodge Weston Liberal Death
Caernarvon Boroughs4 10 April 1890 Edward Swetenham Conservative David Lloyd George Liberal Death
Windsor 2 April 1890 Robert Richardson-Gardner Conservative Francis Tress Barry Conservative Resignation
West Cavan 26 March 18901 Joseph Gillis Biggar Irish Parliamentary Edmund Francis Vesey Knox Irish Parliamentary Death
East Down 25 March 18901 Richard William Blackwood Ker Irish Unionist James Alexander Rentoul Irish Unionist Resignation
Ayr Burghs5 25 March 1890 John Sinclair Liberal James Somervell Conservative Resignation
Stoke-upon-Trent 14 March 1890 William Leatham Bright Liberal George Leveson-Gower Liberal Resignation
Stamford 7 March 1890 John Compton Lawrance Conservative Henry John Cockayne Cust Conservative Resignation (High Court Judge)
St Pancras North4 4 March 1890 Charles Cochrane-Baillie Conservative Thomas Henry Bolton Liberal Succession to a peerage
West Waterford 24 February 18901 Jasper Douglas Pyne Irish Parliamentary Alfred Webb Irish Parliamentary Death
Mid Glamorganshire 20 February 18901 Christopher Rice Mansel Talbot Liberal Samuel Thomas Evans Liberal Death
Partick 11 February 1890 Alexander Craig Sellar Liberal Unionist James Parker Smith Liberal Unionist Death
Brighton 25 October 1889 Sir William Tindal Robertson Conservative Gerald Walter Erskine Loder Conservative Death
Buckingham4 11 October 1889 Egerton Hubbard Conservative Edmund Hope Verney Liberal Succession to a peerage
Elginshire and Nairnshire 8 October 1889 Charles Henry Anderson Liberal John Seymour Keay Liberal Death
Peterborough4 7 October 1889 John Wentworth-FitzWilliam Liberal Unionist Alpheus Cleophas Morton Liberal Death
Sleaford 26 September 1889 Henry Chaplin Conservative Henry Chaplin Conservative President of the Board of Agriculture2
Dundee 25 September 18891 Joseph Firth Bottomley Firth Liberal John Leng Liberal Death
Belfast North 12 August 18891 Sir William Ewart Irish Unionist Edward James Harland Irish Unionist Death
Marylebone East 19 July 1889 Lord Charles Beresford Conservative Edmund Boulnois Conservative Resignation
West Carmarthenshire 17 July 1889 Walter Rice Howell Powell Liberal John Lloyd Morgan Liberal Death
Dover 12 July 18891 Alexander George Dickson Conservative George Wyndham Conservative Death
West Fife 5 July 1889 Robert Preston Bruce Liberal Augustine Birrell Liberal Resignation
South East Cork 3 June 18891 John Hooper Irish Parliamentary John Morrogh Irish Parliamentary Resignation
Rochester3 16 April 1889 Francis Charles Hughes-Hallett Conservative Edward Knatchbull-Hugessen Liberal Resignation
Birmingham Central 15 April 1889 John Bright Liberal Unionist John Albert Bright Liberal Unionist Death
Enfield 30 March 1889 Viscount Folkestone Conservative Henry Ferryman Bowles Conservative Succession to a peerage
Gorton 22 March 1889 Richard Peacock Liberal William Mather Liberal Death
Kennington4 15 March 1889 Robert Gent-Davis Conservative Mark Hanbury Beaufoy Liberal Resignation
Barnsley 11 March 1889 Courtney Stanhope Kenny Liberal Earl Compton Liberal Resignation
Burnley 27 February 18891 John Slagg Liberal Jabez Spencer Balfour Liberal Resignation
East Perthshire 19 February 1889 Robert Stewart Menzies Liberal Sir John Kinloch Liberal Death
Govan4 18 January 1889 Sir William Pearce Conservative John Wilson Liberal Death
Stockton-on-Tees 21 December 1888 Joseph Dodds Liberal Sir Horace Davey Liberal Resignation
Colchester 18 December 1888 Henry John Trotter Conservative Lord Brooke Conservative Death
Maidstone 14 December 1888 Alexander Henry Ross Conservative Fiennes Cornwallis Conservative Death
Holborn 29 November 1888 Francis Duncan Conservative Gainsford Bruce Conservative Death
Dewsbury 16 November 1888 Sir John Simon Liberal Mark Oldroyd Liberal Resignation
Edinburgh and St Andrews Universities 6 November 18881 John Hay Athole Macdonald Conservative Moir Tod Stormonth Darling Conservative Resignation (Lord Justice Clerk)
Merthyr Tydfil6 26 October 1888 Henry Richard Liberal William Pritchard Morgan Independent Liberal Death
Liverpool West Derby 10 August 18881 Lord Claud John Hamilton Conservative William Henry Cross Conservative Resignation
South Sligo 6 July 18881 Edward Joseph Kennedy Irish Parliamentary Edmund Leamy Irish Parliamentary Resignation
South Longford 30 June 18881 Laurence Connolly Irish Parliamentary James Gubbins Fitzgerald Irish Parliamentary Resignation
Isle of Thanet 29 June 1888 Edward Robert King-Harman Conservative James Lowther Conservative Death
Ayr Burghs5 15 June 1888 Richard Frederick Fotheringham Campbell Liberal Unionist John Sinclair Liberal Death
Southampton4 23 May 1888 Sir John Edmund Commerell Conservative Francis Henry Evans Liberal Resignation
Dublin St Stephen's Green7 12 May 1888 Edmund Dwyer Gray Irish Parliamentary Thomas Alexander Dickson Liberal Death
Mid Lanarkshire 27 April 1888 Stephen Mason Liberal John Wynford Philipps Liberal Resignation
Limerick City 17 April 18881 Henry Joseph Gill Irish Parliamentary Francis Arthur O'Keefe Irish Parliamentary Resignation
Gower 27 March 1888 Frank Ash Yeo Liberal David Randell Liberal Death
Melton 21 March 18881 Lord John Manners Conservative Marquess of Granby Conservative Succession to a peerage
Merthyr Tydfil 14 March 18881 Charles Herbert James Liberal David Alfred Thomas Liberal Resignation
Chichester 14 March 18881 Earl of March Conservative Lord Walter Gordon-Lennox Conservative Resignation
Deptford 29 February 1888 William John Evelyn Conservative Charles John Darling Conservative Resignation
Hampstead 28 February 18881 Sir Henry Holland Conservative Edward Brodie Hoare Conservative Elevation to the peerage
Doncaster3 23 February 1888 Walter Shirley Shirley Liberal William Wentworth-Fitzwilliam Liberal Unionist Resignation
Bristol West 20 February 18881 Sir Michael Hicks Beach Conservative Sir Michael Hicks Beach Conservative President of the Board of Trade2
Edinburgh West3 18 February 1888 Thomas Ryburn Buchanan Liberal Unionist Thomas Ryburn Buchanan Liberal Resigned to restand as a Liberal
Southwark West 17 February 1888 Arthur Cohen Liberal Richard Knight Causton Liberal Resignation
Dundee 16 February 1888 Charles Carmichael Lacaita Liberal Joseph Firth Bottomley Firth Liberal Resignation
Liverpool Walton 3 February 18881 John George Gibson Conservative Miles Walker Mattinson Conservative Resignation (Irish High Court Judge)
Dublin University 3 February 18881 Dodgson Hamilton Madden Irish Unionist Dodgson Hamilton Madden Irish Unionist Solicitor General for Ireland2
Winchester 5 January 1888 Arthur Loftus Tottenham Conservative Richard Moss Conservative Death
Dulwich 1 December 1887 John Morgan Howard Conservative John Blundell Maple Conservative Resignation (County Court Judge)
Cambridge University 17 November 18871 Alexander Beresford Hope Conservative Sir George Gabriel Stokes Conservative Death
South Kerry 27 September 18871 John O'Connor Irish Parliamentary Denis Kilbride Irish Parliamentary Resignation
Ramsey 30 August 1887 William Fellowes Conservative Ailwyn Fellowes Conservative Elevation to the peerage
County Carlow 24 August 18871 John Aloysius Blake Irish Parliamentary James Patrick Mahon Irish Parliamentary Death
Northwich4 13 August 1887 Robert Verdin Liberal Unionist John Tomlinson Brunner Liberal Death
Glasgow Bridgeton 2 August 1887 Sir Edward Richard Russell Liberal Sir George Otto Trevelyan Liberal Resignation
Forest of Dean 29 July 1887 Thomas Blake Liberal Godfrey Blundell Samuelson Liberal Resignation
City of London 27 July 18871 John Gellibrand Hubbard Conservative Thomas Baring Conservative Elevation to the peerage
Hornsey 19 July 1887 Sir James McGarel-Hogg Conservative Henry Charles Stephens Conservative Elevation to the peerage
Brixton 19 July 1887 Ernest Baggallay Conservative Marquess of Carmarthen Conservative Resignation
Basingstoke 18 July 1887 George Sclater-Booth Conservative Arthur Frederick Jeffreys Conservative Elevation to the peerage
Dublin University 12 July 1887 Hugh Holmes Irish Unionist Dodgson Hamilton Madden Irish Unionist Resignation (Irish High Court Judge)
St Ives 9 July 18871 Sir John St Aubyn Liberal Unionist Thomas Bedford Bolitho Liberal Unionist Elevation to the peerage
Coventry4 9 July 1887 Henry William Eaton Conservative William Henry Walter Ballantine Liberal Elevation to the peerage
Paddington North 8 July 1887 Lionel Cohen Conservative John Aird Conservative Death
Spalding4 1 July 1887 Murray Finch-Hatton Conservative Halley Stewart Liberal Succession to a peerage
St Austell 18 May 1887 William Copeland Borlase Liberal William Alexander McArthur Liberal Resignation
North East Cork 16 May 18871 Edmund Leamy Irish Parliamentary William O'Brien Irish Parliamentary Resignation
Taunton 23 April 1887 Samuel Charles Allsopp Conservative Alfred Percy Allsopp Conservative Succession to a peerage
Ilkeston 24 March 1887 Thomas Watson Liberal Sir Balthazar Walter Foster Liberal Death
Burnley4 19 February 1887 Peter Rylands Liberal Unionist John Slagg Liberal Death
North Antrim 11 February 1887 Edward Macnaghten Irish Unionist Sir Charles Edward Lewis Irish Unionist Resignation (Lord of Appeal in Ordinary)
St George's Hanover Square 9 February 1887 Lord Algernon Percy Conservative George Goschen Liberal Unionist Resignation
South Sligo 7 February 18871 Thomas Sexton Irish Parliamentary Edward Joseph Kennedy Irish Parliamentary Chose to sit for Belfast West
North Longford 5 February 18871 Justin McCarthy Irish Parliamentary Timothy Michael Healy Irish Parliamentary Chose to sit for Londonderry City
Dartford 2 February 18871 Sir William Hart Dyke Conservative Sir William Hart Dyke Conservative Vice President of the Committee
of Council on Education
2
South Donegal 2 February 1887 Bernard Kelly Irish Parliamentary John Gordon Swift MacNeill Irish Parliamentary Death
Liverpool Exchange 26 January 1887 David Duncan Liberal Ralph Neville Liberal Death
Brentford 23 December 1886 Octavius Edward Coope Conservative James Bigwood Conservative Death
Brighton 29 November 18861 David Smith Conservative Dr William Tindal Robertson Conservative Death
King's Lynn 25 August 1886 Robert Bourke Conservative Alexander Weston Jarvis Conservative Resignation (Governor of Madras
Leith Burghs 20 August 1886 William Ewart Gladstone Liberal Ronald Munro-Ferguson Liberal Chose to sit for Midlothian (or Edinburghshire)
Burton 20 August 1886 Sir Michael Bass Liberal Sydney Evershed Liberal Elevation to the peerage
Blackpool 20 August 1886 Sir Frederick Stanley Conservative Sir Matthew Ridley Conservative President of the Board of Trade2
and elevation to the peerage
North Northamptonshire 16 August 18861 Lord Burghley Conservative Lord Burghley Conservative Parliamentary Groom in Waiting2
Newton 16 August 1886 Richard Assheton Cross Conservative Thomas Wodehouse Legh Conservative Secretary of State for India2
and elevation to the peerage
Edinburgh and St Andrews Universities 13 August 18861 John Hay Athole Macdonald Conservative John Hay Athole Macdonald Conservative Lord Advocate2
Cambridge University 13 August 18861 Henry Cecil Raikes Conservative Henry Cecil Raikes Conservative Postmaster General2
Melton 13 August 18861 Lord John Manners Conservative Lord John Manners Conservative Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster2
Dublin University 13 August 18861 David Robert Plunket Irish Unionist David Robert Plunket Irish Unionist First Commissioner of Works2
Hugh Holmes Irish Unionist Hugh Holmes Irish Unionist Attorney General for Ireland2
West Down 13 August 18861 Lord Arthur William Hill Irish Unionist Lord Arthur William Hill Irish Unionist Comptroller of the Household2
Wigtownshire 12 August 18861 Sir Herbert Eustace Maxwell Conservative Sir Herbert Eustace Maxwell Conservative Lord Commissioner of the Treasury2
Buteshire 12 August 18861 James Robertson Conservative James Robertson Conservative Solicitor General for Scotland2
Enfield 12 August 18861 Viscount Folkestone Conservative Viscount Folkestone Conservative Treasurer of the Household2
Ealing 12 August 18861 Lord George Hamilton Conservative Lord George Hamilton Conservative First Lord of the Admiralty2
Horncastle 12 August 18861 Edward Stanhope Conservative Edward Stanhope Conservative Secretary of State for the Colonies2
Isle of Wight 12 August 18861 Sir Richard Webster Conservative Sir Richard Webster Conservative Attorney General for England and Wales2
Tiverton 12 August 18861 William Walrond Conservative William Walrond Conservative Lord Commissioner of the Treasury2
St George's, Tower Hamlets 12 August 1886 Charles Thomson Ritchie Conservative Charles Thomson Ritchie Conservative President of the Local Government Board2
Sheffield Ecclesall 11 August 18861 Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett Conservative Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett Conservative Civil Lord of the Admiralty2
Plymouth 11 August 18861 Edward George Clarke Conservative Edward George Clarke Conservative Solicitor General for England and Wales2
Manchester East 11 August 18861 Arthur James Balfour Conservative Arthur James Balfour Conservative Secretary for Scotland2
Liverpool Walton 11 August 18861 John George Gibson Conservative John George Gibson Conservative Solicitor General for Ireland2
Croydon 11 August 18861 Sidney Herbert Conservative Sidney Herbert Conservative Lord Commissioner of the Treasury2
Bristol West 11 August 18861 Sir Michael Hicks Beach Conservative Sir Michael Hicks Beach Conservative Chief Secretary for Ireland2
Brighton 11 August 18861 William Thackeray Marriott Conservative William Thackeray Marriott Conservative Judge Advocate General2
Birmingham East 11 August 18861 Henry Matthews Conservative Henry Matthews Conservative Secretary of State for the Home Department2
Strand 11 August 18861 William Henry Smith Conservative William Henry Smith Conservative Secretary of State for War2
Paddington South 11 August 18861 Lord Randolph Churchill Conservative Lord Randolph Churchill Conservative Chancellor of the Exchequer2
Marylebone East 11 August 18861 Lord Charles Beresford Conservative Lord Charles Beresford Conservative Junior Naval Lord2
Lewisham 11 August 18861 Viscount Lewisham Conservative Viscount Lewisham Conservative Vice-Chamberlain of the Household2
Hampstead 11 August 18861 Sir Henry Holland Conservative Sir Henry Holland Conservative Vice President of the Committee
of Council on Education
2
1 An uncontested by-election.
2 Seat vacated on appointment to the office noted.
3 Gain not retained at the 1892 UK general election.
4 Gain retained at the 1892 UK general election.
5 Ayr Burghs was won by the Liberal Unionist Party at the 1886 general election, by the Liberal Party at the Ayr Burghs by-election, 1888, by the Conservative Party at the Ayr Burghs by-election, 1890, and by the Liberal Party at the 1892 general election.
6 Seat retained by the candidate, at the 1892 general election, using a different party label.
7 This was only technically a gain, as Dickson was nominated by the Irish Parliamentary Party, though without signing the usual 'pledge' to vote with them.

23rd Parliament (1885–1886)[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause
Bradford Central 21 April 1886 William Edward Forster Liberal George Shaw-Lefevre Liberal Death
Clitheroe 19 April 1886[23 1] Ughtred Kay-Shuttleworth Liberal Ughtred Kay-Shuttleworth Liberal Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster[23 2]
Ipswich[23 3] 14 April 1886 Henry Wyndham West Liberal Charles Dalrymple Conservative Void election
Jesse Collings Liberal Lord Elcho Conservative
Norwich 7 April 1886[23 1] Harry Bullard Conservative Samuel Hoare Conservative Void election
Barrow-in-Furness 6 April 1886 David Duncan Liberal William Sproston Caine Liberal Death
Halifax 3 April 1886[23 1] Sir James Stansfeld Liberal Sir James Stansfeld Liberal President of the Local Government Board[23 2]
Altrincham 26 March 1886 John Baguley Brooks Conservative Sir William Cunliffe Brooks Conservative Death
Flintshire 2 March 1886 Lord Richard de Aquila Grosvenor Liberal Samuel Smith Liberal Resignation
Battersea 1 March 1886[23 1] Octavius Vaughan Morgan Liberal Octavius Vaughan Morgan Liberal Sought re-election to pre-empt disqualification
Cardiff Boroughs 27 February 1886 Sir Edward James Reed Liberal Sir Edward James Reed Liberal Junior Lord of the Treasury[23 2]
South Somerset 24 February 1886 Viscount Kilcoursie Liberal Viscount Kilcoursie Liberal Vice-Chamberlain of the Household[23 2]
Grantham 23 February 1886[23 1] John William Mellor Liberal John William Mellor Liberal Judge Advocate General[23 2]
Clackmannanshire and Kinross-shire 13 February 1886[23 1] John Balfour Liberal John Balfour Liberal Lord Advocate[23 2]
Berwickshire 13 February 1886[23 1] Edward Marjoribanks Liberal Edward Marjoribanks Liberal Comptroller of the Household[23 2]
Banffshire 13 February 1886[23 1] Robert William Duff Liberal Robert William Duff Liberal Civil Lord of the Admiralty[23 2]
Luton 13 February 1886[23 1] Cyril Flower Liberal Cyril Flower Liberal Junior Lord of the Treasury[23 2]
Great Grimsby 13 February 1886 Edward Heneage Liberal Edward Heneage Liberal Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster[23 2]
Queen's County Ossory 12 February 1886[23 1] Arthur O'Connor Irish Parliamentary Stephen O'Mara Irish Parliamentary Chose to sit for East Donegal
Elgin Burghs 12 February 1886[23 1] Alexander Asher Liberal Alexander Asher Liberal Solicitor General for Scotland[23 2]
North West Staffordshire 12 February 1886[23 1] George Leveson-Gower Liberal George Leveson-Gower Liberal Junior Lord of the Treasury[23 2]
Mid Northamptonshire 12 February 1886[23 1] Charles Robert Spencer Liberal Charles Robert Spencer Liberal Parliamentary Groom in Waiting[23 2]
Newcastle-upon-Tyne 12 February 1886 John Morley Liberal John Morley Liberal Chief Secretary for Ireland[23 2]
Leeds South 12 February 1886[23 1] Sir Lyon Playfair Liberal Sir Lyon Playfair Liberal Vice President of the Committee
of Council on Education
[23 2]
Galway Borough 11 February 1886 Thomas Power O'Connor Irish Parliamentary William Henry O'Shea[23 4] Irish Parliamentary Chose to sit for Liverpool Scotland
Hackney South 11 February 1886 Charles Russell Liberal Charles Russell Liberal Attorney General for England and Wales[23 2]
Hawick Burghs 10 February 1886[23 1] George Otto Trevelyan Liberal George Otto Trevelyan Liberal Secretary for Scotland[23 2]
Midlothian 10 February 1886[23 1] William Ewart Gladstone Liberal William Ewart Gladstone Liberal Prime Minister, First Lord of the Treasury, Lord Privy Seal[23 2]
North Monaghan 10 February 1886 Timothy Michael Healy Irish Parliamentary Patrick O'Brien Irish Parliamentary Chose to sit for South Londonderry
Stirling Burghs 10 February 1886[23 1] Henry Campbell-Bannerman Liberal Henry Campbell-Bannerman Liberal Secretary of State for War[23 2]
Birmingham West 9 February 1886[23 1] Joseph Chamberlain Liberal Joseph Chamberlain Liberal President of the Local Government Board[23 2]
Derby 9 February 1886[23 1] Sir William Vernon Harcourt Liberal Sir William Vernon Harcourt Liberal Chancellor of the Exchequer[23 2]
Edinburgh South 9 February 1886[23 1] Hugh Culling Eardley Childers Liberal Hugh Culling Eardley Childers Liberal Secretary of State for the Home Department[23 2]
Sheffield Brightside 9 February 1886[23 1] Anthony John Mundella Liberal Anthony John Mundella Liberal President of the Board of Trade[23 2]
Mid Armagh 1 February 1886 John McKane Conservative Sir James Porter Corry Conservative Death
County Carlow 29 January 1886[23 1] Edmund Dwyer Gray Irish Parliamentary John Aloysius Blake Irish Parliamentary Chose to sit for Dublin St Stephen's Green
Edinburgh South[23 3] 29 January 1886 Sir George Harrison Independent Liberal Hugh Culling Eardley Childers Liberal Death
Croydon 27 January 1886 William Grantham Conservative Sidney Herbert Conservative Resignation (High Court Judge)
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v An uncontested by-election.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w Seat vacated on appointment to the office noted.
  3. ^ a b Gain retained at the 1886 UK general election.
  4. ^ The biographical article on William Henry O'Shea suggests he was not a member of the Irish Parliamentary Party. However, Walker classifies O'Shea as a Nationalist candidate which, for someone standing at an election in 1886, implies membership of the Irish Parliamentary Party.

References[edit]

  • List of MPs since 1660
  • F. W. S. Craig, British Parliamentary Election Statistics 1832-1987
  • F. W. S. Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918
  • F. W. S. Craig, Chronology of British Parliamentary By-elections 1833-1987
  • Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801-1922, edited by B.M. Walker (Royal Irish Academy 1978)