List of United Nations Security Council resolutions concerning Cyprus

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The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is the organ of the United Nations charged with maintaining peace and security among nations. While other organs of the United Nations only make recommendations to member governments, the Security Council has the power to make decisions; which member governments must carry out if they fall under Chapter VII of the under the United Nations Charter. The decisions of the Council are known as United Nations Security Council Resolutions.

A UN member State, is obligated to respect the United Nations Charter and UN members are bound by its articles. Cyprus claims that Turkey violates the charter against Republic of Cyprus. Turkey does not recognize the continued existence of the Republic of Cyprus, as established by the Zurich and London Agreements[1] Turkey refers to the Republic of Cyprus as the "Greek Cypriot administration" or "South Cyprus". [2][3]

In 1974 Turkey conducted a military operation in Cyprus, after the attempts of Greek military junta to unite the island with Greece, which resulted in ~38% of the territory of the island to remain under the effective control of Turkish Cypriots. This action partitioned the island and displaced both Greek-Cypriot and Turkish-Cypriot populations, which formed their respective communities in the south and the north of the island.

Cyprus related Resolutions[edit]

Resolution Date Vote Concerns
155 23 August 1960 Adopted unanimously Sovereign, island nation Republic of Cyprus becomes a United Nations Member.
186 4 March 1964 Adopted unanimously Present situation in Cyprus likely to threaten international peace. Calls all member states to refrain from any action that would worsen the situation in the sovereign Republic of Cyprus. Asks the Government of Cyprus to take all additional measures necessary to stop violence and bloodshed in Cyprus.[1]

Recommends the creation, with the consent of the Republic of Cyprus, of a U.N peace keeping force.

187 13 March 1964 Adopted unanimously Calls all member states to refrain from any action that would worsen the situation in the sovereign Republic of Cyprus. Noting the progress in regards to the establishment of a UN peace Keeping Force in Cyprus (already en route).
192 20 June 1964 Adopted unanimously Calls all member states to comply with resolution 186 and 187. Expresses appreciation to all members that have contributed troops, police, supplies and financial support. With the consent of the Republic of Cyprus extends the presence of UN Force.
193 25 September 1964 Adopted unanimously Reaffirms resolutions 186 and 187. Reaffirms the appeal by the President of the Security council worded as follows: "The Security Council has authorized me to make an urgent appeal to the Government of Turkey to cease instantly the bombardment of and the use of military force of any kind against Cyprus [4], and to the Government of Cyprus to order the armed forces under its control to cease firing immediately".
194 25 September 1964 Adopted unanimously [5] The council notes with satisfaction the cease fire being observed throughout Cyprus; asks all governments to stop all flights over the territory of the Republic of Cyprus in violation of its sovereignty. Asks all member to comply with resolution 193. Noting that the Republic of Cyprus has indicated its desire that the stationing of UN be extended; extends the presence of the Force.
198 18 December 1964 Adopted unanimously Noting with satisfaction that the situation in Cyprus has improved and significant progress has been made. Noting that the Republic of Cyprus has indicated its desire that the stationing of UN be extended; extends the presence of UN Force.[6]
353 20 July 1974 Timeline of the 1974 Invasion of Cyprus Adopted unanimously [7] Deeply deploring the outbreak of violence and the continuing bloodshed. Gravely concerned about the situation which has led to a serious threat to international peace and security and which has created a most explosive situation in the whole of Eastern Mediterranean area. Equally concerned about the necessity to restore the constitutional structure of the Republic of Cyprus established and guaranteed by international agreements. Recalling resolution 186 and its subsequent resolutions on this matter:
  • Calls upon all States to respect the sovereignty, independence, and territorial integrity of Cyprus.
  • Calls all parties to cease fire.
  • Demands an immediate end to the foreign military intervention in the Republic of Cyprus that is in contravention of point 1 above.
  • Requests the withdrawal of military personnel, Calls upon Greece, Turkey and the United Kingdom to enter into negotiations for a peace settlement without delay.
354 23 July 1974 Adopted unanimously Reaffirming the provisions of its resolution 353, Demands all parties to the present fighting to comply immediately with the cease fire.[8]
355 1 August 1974 Adopted unanimously Deeply deplores the fact that members of the peace keeping force have been killed and wounded.
357 14 August 1974 Timeline of the 1974 Invasion of Cyprus Adopted unanimously Deeply deploring the resumption of fighting in Cyprus contrary to the provisions of Resolution 353. Reaffirms resolution 353.Decides to remain seized of the situation and on instant call to meet as necessary to consider what more effective measures may be required if the ceasefire is not respected
358 15 August 1974 Timeline of the 1974 Invasion of Cyprus Adopted unanimously The Security Council deeply concerned about the continuation of violence and bloodshed in Cyprus; Deeply deploring the non compliance with its resolution 357; recalls resolution 353, 354 and 355. Insists on full implementation of the above by all parties.
359 15 August 1974 14-0 (People's Republic of China did not participate in the voting.) Deeply deplores the fact that members of the peace keeping force have been killed and wounded. Demands that all parties cooperate with the UN in carrying out its tasks, including humanitarian aid.
360 16 August 1974 11-0-3 (abstentions: Belarus, Iraq, USSR; People's Republic of China did not participate in the voting) Formal disproval of military action against Republic of Cyprus Noting that all States have declared their respect for the sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of the Republic Of Cyprus, Gravely concerned at the deterioration of the situation in Cyprus resulting from the further military operations which constituted a most serious threat to peace and security in the Eastern Mediterranean:
  • “Records its formal disapproval of the unilateral military actions undertaken against the Republic of Cyprus”.
  • Urges the parties to comply… including the withdrawal without delay from the Republic of Cyprus of foreign military personnel
  • Urges the parties to resume without delay in an atmosphere of constructive cooperation the negotiations called for in 353 whose outcome should not be impeded or prejudged by the acquisition of advantages resulting from military operations.
361 30 August 1974 Adopted unanimously - People's Republic of China did not participate Asking for Humanitarian aid for the Refugees. Noting that a large number of people in Cyprus have been displaced, calls upon all parties to do everything in their power to alleviate human suffering. Expresses its grave concern at the plight of the refugees as the result of the Turkish Invasion of Cyprus.
364 13 December 1974 Adopted unanimously by 14 to none -1 abstention In search for peaceful settlement
365 13 December 1974 Adopted unanimously Negotiations
367 12 March 1975 Adopted unanimously In absence of progress condemns the unilateral decision that declares part of the Republic of Cyprus as "Turkish Federal state"
370 13 June 1975 Adopted unanimously After request by the Republic of Cyprus extends the presence of UN Force
383 13 December 1975 Adopted by 14 to none Cyprus
391 15 June 1976 Adopted by 13 to none UN Peace keeping force restricted access to the occupied Cyprus
401 14 December 1976 Adopted by 13 to none UN Peace keeping force restricted access to the occupied Cyprus
410 15 June 1977 Adopted by 14 to none UN Peace keeping force still restricted access to the occupied part of Cyprus
414 15 September 1977 Adopted unanimously Expresses concern at the lack of progress of intercommunal talks
422 15 December 1977 Adopted unanimously Expresses concern at the lack of progress of intercommunal talks
430 16 June 1978 Adopted unanimously - People's Republic of China did not participate Extends the stationing in Cyprus
440 27 November 1978 Adopted unanimously Deeply concerned at the lack of progress in the solution of the Cyprus issue
443 14 December 1978 Adopted unanimously Deeply concerned at the lack of progress in the solution of the Cyprus issue
451 15 June 1979 Adopted unanimously Urges parties to proceed talks within the framework of the ten point agreement without delay
458 14 December 1979 Adopted unanimously Urges parties to proceed talks within the framework of the ten point agreement without delay
472 13 June 1980 Urges parties to proceed talks
482 11 December 1980 [9]
486 4 June 1981 [10]
495 14 December 1981 [11]
510 15 June 1982 [12]
526 14 December 1982 [13]
534 15 June 1983 [14]
541 18 November 1983 [15]
544 15 December 1983 [16]
550 11 May 1984 [17]
553 15 June 1984 [18]
559 14 December 1984 [19]
565 14 June 1985 [20]
578 12 December 1985 [21]
585 13 June 1986 [22]
593 11 December 1986 [23]
597 12 June 1987 [24]
604 14 December 1987 [25]
614 15 June 1988 [26]
625 15 December 1988 [27]
634 9 June 1989 [28]
646 14 December 1989 [29]
649 12 March 1990 [30]
657 15 June 1990 [31]
682 21 December 1990 [32]
697 14 June 1990 [33]
698 14 June 1990 [34]
716 11 October 1991 [35]
723 12 December 1991 [36]
750 10 April 1992 [37]
774 26 August 1992 [38]
789 25 November 1992 [39]
796 14 December 1992 [40]
831 27 May 1992 [41]
839 11 June 1992 [42]
889 15 December 1993 [43]
902 11 March 1994 On achieving of an agreement on the confidence-building measures relating to Varosha and Nicosia International Airport, Cyprus [44]
927 15 June 1994 On extension of the mandate of the UN Peace-keeping Force in Cyprus and implementation of confidence-building measures between the parties in Cyprus.[45]
939 29 July 1994
994 17 May 1995

Resolutions adopted by the General Assembly[edit]

  1. 2077 (XX) 1965
  2. 3212 (XXIX) 1974
  3. 3395 (XXX) 1975
  4. 31/12 1976
  5. 32/15 1977
  6. 33/15 1978
  7. 34/30 1979
  8. 37/253 1983

On Missing Persons[edit]

  1. 3450 (XXX) 1975
  2. 32/128 1977
  3. 33/172 1978
  4. 36/164 1981
  5. 37/181 1982

On Human Rights[edit]

  1. 4 (XXXI) 1975
  2. 4 (XXXII) 1976
  3. 17 (XXXIV) 1978
  4. 1987/50 1987

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]