List of Presidents of the United States by date of death

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This is a complete list of United States Presidents by date of death. There are currently four living former Presidents (George H. W. Bush, Jimmy Carter, George W. Bush and Bill Clinton, in order from oldest to youngest), as well as the current President Barack Obama.


  • OD = Order of Death
  • OO = Order of Office
  • OB = Order of Birth
  • a indicates the president died in office
  • b indicates the president was assassinated
OD OB Name Date of
OO Cause of death Age Place of death Date of Burial Place of Burial
1 1 Washington, GeorgeGeorge Washington Dec 14, 1799, 10:00pm 1 epiglottitis [1] 67 Mount Vernon, Virginia Dec. 18, 1799 Mount Vernon, Virginia
2 3 Jefferson, ThomasThomas Jefferson Jul 4, 1826, 12:30pm[2] 3 diarrhea, toxemia from a kidney infection, uremia from kidney damage, and pneumonia [3] 83 Charlottesville, Virginia Monticello, Charlottesville, Virginia
3 2 Adams, JohnJohn Adams Jul 4, 1826, 6:20pm[2] 2 heart failure 90 Quincy, Massachusetts United First Parish Church, Quincy, Massachusetts
4 5 Monroe, JamesJames Monroe Jul 4, 1831, 3:15pm 5 tuberculosis[citation needed] 73 New York City
Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Virginia[4]
5 4 Madison, JamesJames Madison Jun 28, 1836, 6:00am 4 heart failure 85 Montpelier Estate, Orange, Virginia
June 29, 1836 Montpelier Estate, Orange, Virginia
6 8 Harrison, WilliamWilliam Henry Harrison Apr 4, 1841, 12:30ama 9 enteric fever [5] 68 Washington, D.C.
April 8, (Re-interred June 1841) William Henry Harrison Tomb State Memorial, North Bend, Ohio
7 6 Jackson, AndrewAndrew Jackson Jun 8, 1845, 6:00pm 7 tuberculosis 78 The Hermitage
Nashville, Tennessee
The Hermitage, Nashville, Tennessee
8 7 Adams, John QJohn Quincy Adams Feb 23, 1848, 7:20pm 6 stroke [6] 80 Washington, D.C.
United First Parish Church, Quincy, Massachusetts
9 13 Polk, JamesJames Knox Polk Jun 15, 1849, 3:15pm 11 cholera [7] 53 Nashville, Tennessee
Tennessee State Capitol, Nashville, Tennessee
10 10 Taylor, ZacharyZachary Taylor Jul 9, 1850, 10:35pma 12 gastroenteritis [8] 65 Washington, D.C.
July 13, 1850 (Re-interred October 1850; Exhumed and re-interred in 1991) Zachary Taylor National Cemetery, Louisville, Kentucky
11 11 Tyler, JohnJohn Tyler Jan 18, 1862, 12:15am 10 stroke [9] 71 Richmond, Virginia
Jan. 20, 1862 Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Virginia
12 9 Van Buren, MartinMartin Van Buren Jul 24, 1862, 2:00am 8 asthma 79 Kinderhook, New York
July 27, 1862 Kinderhook Cemetery, Kinderhook, New York
13 17 Lincoln, AbrahamAbraham Lincoln Apr 15, 1865, 7:22amb 16 assassinated by gunshot to the back of the head
(see Assassination of Abraham Lincoln)
56 Washington, D.C. May 4, 1865 Oak Ridge Cemetery, Springfield, Illinois
14 12 Buchanan, JamesJames Buchanan Jun 1, 1868, 8:30am 15 respiratory failure, rheumatic gout 77 Lancaster, Pennsylvania
June 4, 1868 Woodward Hill Cemetery, Lancaster, Pennsylvania
15 15 Pierce, FranklinFranklin Pierce Oct 8, 1869, 4:49am 14 inflammation of the stomach 64 Concord, New Hampshire
Oct. 11, 1869 Old North Cemetery, Concord, New Hampshire
16 14 Fillmore, MillardMillard Fillmore Mar 8, 1874, 11:10pm 13 stroke [9] 74 Buffalo, New York
Mar. 12, 1874 Forest Lawn Cemetery, Buffalo, New York
17 16 Johnson, AndrewAndrew Johnson Jul 31, 1875, 2:00am 17 stroke [9] 66 Carter's Station, near Elizabethton, Tennessee
Aug. 3, 1875 Andrew Johnson National Cemetery, Greeneville, Tennessee.
18 21 Garfield, JamesJames A. Garfield Sep 19, 1881, 10:35pmb 20 septic shock following gunshot
(see Assassination of James A. Garfield)
49 Elberon, New Jersey
Sept. 26, 1881 Lakeview Cemetery, Cleveland, Ohio
19 19 Grant, UlyssesUlysses S. Grant Jul 23, 1885, 8:06am 18 throat cancer [10] 63 Wilton, New York
Aug. 8, 1885 Grant's Tomb, New York, New York
20 20 Arthur, ChesterChester A. Arthur Nov 18, 1886, 5:00am 21 stroke [9] 57 New York City
Nov. 22, 1886 Albany Rural Cemetery, Menands, New York
21 19 Hayes, RutherfordRutherford B. Hayes Jan 17, 1893, 11:00pm 19 heart disease 70 Fremont, Ohio
Jan. 20, 1893 (Re-interred Apr. 3, 1915) Spiegel Grove, Fremont, Ohio
22 22 Harrison, BenjaminBenjamin Harrison Mar 13, 1901, 4:45pm 23 pneumonia 67 Indianapolis, Indiana
Mar. 17, 1901 Crown Hill Cemetery, Indianapolis, Indiana
23 24 McKinley, WilliamWilliam McKinley Sep 14, 1901, 2:15amb 25 gangrene within gunshot wounds
(see Assassination of William McKinley)
58 Buffalo, New York
McKinley National Memorial, Canton, Ohio
24 23 Cleveland, GroverGrover Cleveland Jun 24, 1908, 8:40pm 22
coronary sclerosis; paralysis; or intestinal obstruction[11] 71 Princeton, New Jersey
June 26, 1908 Princeton Cemetery, Princeton, New Jersey
25 27 Roosevelt, TheodoreTheodore Roosevelt Jan 6, 1919, 4:00am 26 assumed coronary embolism,
inflammatory rheumatism
60 Oyster Bay, New York Jan. 8, 1919 Young's Memorial Cemetery, Oyster Bay, New York
26 28 Harding, WarrenWarren G. Harding Aug 2, 1923, 7:30pma 29 likely congestive heart failure 57 San Francisco, California
August 2, 1923 Marion Cemetery, Marion, Ohio
27 25 Wilson, WoodrowWoodrow Wilson Feb 3, 1924, 11:15am 28 apoplexy, paralysis 67 Washington, D.C.
Feb. 8, 1924 Washington National Cathedral, Washington, D.C.
28 26 Taft, WilliamWilliam Howard Taft Mar 8, 1930, 5:15pm 27 heart disease 72 Washington, D.C.
Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Virginia
29 29 Coolidge, CalvinCalvin Coolidge Jan 5, 1933, 12:45pm 30 heart attack 60 Northampton, Massachusetts
Notch Cemetery, Plymouth Notch, Vermont
30 31 Roosevelt, FranklinFranklin D. Roosevelt Apr 12, 1945, 3:35pma 32 cerebral hemorrhage or stroke 63 Warm Springs, Georgia Apr. 15, 1945 Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site
Hyde Park, New York.
31 38 Kennedy, JohnJohn F. Kennedy Nov 22, 1963, 1:00pmb 35 assassinated by gunshot to head
(see Assassination of John F. Kennedy)
46 Dallas, Texas Nov. 25, 1963 Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Virginia
32 30 Hoover, HerbertHerbert Hoover Oct 20, 1964, 11:35am 31 internal hemorrhage, upper gastrointestinal bleeding, strained vascular systems 90 New York City Oct. 25, 1964 Herbert Hoover Presidential Library and Museum
West Branch, Iowa
33 33 Eisenhower, DwightDwight D. Eisenhower Mar 28, 1969, 12:25pm 34 coronary thrombosis, heart failure due to numerous heart attacks 78 Washington, D.C. Apr. 2, 1969 Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library and Museum, Abilene, Kansas
34 32 Truman, HarryHarry S. Truman Dec 26, 1972, 7:47AM 33 minor lung congestion; organ failures; cardiovascular system collapse, hypotension 88 Kansas City, Missouri Dec. 28, 1972 Harry S. Truman Presidential Library and Museum, Independence, Missouri
35 34 Johnson, LyndonLyndon B. Johnson Jan 22, 1973, 4:33PM 36 heart attack 64 Johnson City, Texas Jan 25, 1973 Lyndon B. Johnson Nat'l Historical Park
Johnson City, Texas
36 36 Nixon, RichardRichard M. Nixon Apr 22, 1994, 9:08PM 37 stroke, paralysis, swelling of the brain
(see Death and funeral of Richard Nixon)
81 New York City Apr 27, 1994 Richard Nixon Presidential Library and Museum, Yorba Linda, California
37 35 Reagan, RonaldRonald Reagan Jun 5, 2004, 1:09PM 40 Alzheimer's disease, pneumonia
(see Death and state funeral of Ronald Reagan)
93 Los Angeles, California
Jun 11, 2004 Ronald Reagan Presidential Library, Simi Valley, California
38 37 Ford, GeraldGerald R. Ford Dec 26, 2006, 6:45PM 38 arteriosclerotic cerebrovascular disease and diffuse arteriosclerosis
(see Death and state funeral of Gerald Ford)
93 Rancho Mirage, California
Jan 3, 2007 Gerald R. Ford Museum, Grand Rapids, Michigan

Jimmy Carter, George H. W. Bush, Bill Clinton, George W. Bush, and Barack Obama are all alive.

Between the deaths of George Washington in 1799 and Gerald Ford in 2006, a president has died in every decade except for the 1800s, 1810s, 1950s and 1980s.


Died in office[edit]

  1. William Henry Harrison (1841, pneumonia and pleurisy from undisclosed illness)
  2. Zachary Taylor (1850, gastroenteritis)
  3. Abraham Lincoln (1865, assassinated)
  4. James Garfield (1881, assassinated)
  5. William McKinley (1901, assassinated)
  6. Warren G. Harding (1923, suspected heart attack)
  7. Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1945, cerebral hemorrhage)
  8. John F. Kennedy (1963, assassinated)

Note: Of the presidents listed above, Zachary Taylor, Abraham Lincoln and William McKinley are the only ones to have a former president die during their administrations and prior to their subsequent deaths; James Polk died on Zachary Taylor's 103rd day in office, John Tyler and Martin Van Buren died during Abraham Lincoln's administration and Benjamin Harrison died 187 days before the assassination of William McKinley. William Henry Harrison, James Garfield and Warren G. Harding did not have a former president, vice president or First Lady die during their administrations. All these Presidents were survived by at least one predecessor, though William McKinley and Franklin Roosevelt are the only ones with only one living predecessor at the time of their deaths (Grover Cleveland and Herbert Hoover respectively).

Of the four presidents who were assassinated, John F. Kennedy is the only one to die on the same day he was attacked.

Died on the same day in the same year[edit]

Died same year but not the same month[edit]

Died on the same day but not in the same year[edit]

  • Millard Fillmore in 1874 and William Howard Taft in 1930 both died on March 8

Died on the same month[edit]

  • Four presidents each died on the fourth or eighth day of a month.

Died earliest and latest in the calendar year[edit]

George Washington, the first President to die (December 14, 1799)
Gerald Ford, the President who died latest in a calendar year (December 26, 2006, at 6:45 PM)
  • Calvin Coolidge died on January 5, 1933, the earliest in the calendar year a president has died.
  • Gerald Ford died on December 26, 2006 at 6:45 PM, the latest in the calendar year a president has died. Harry Truman also died on December 26 (exactly 34 years earlier, in 1972); he died earlier in the day, at 7:47AM.

Died one year, buried the next[edit]

  • Gerald Ford is the only president to die in one year (December 26, 2006) and be buried in the next (January 3, 2007).[12]

Most and fewest deaths by month[edit]

Most former presidents to die during a single presidential administration[edit]

Presidential couples who died during a single administration or term[edit]

Vice Presidents and first ladies who died during these presidential administrations[edit]

Survived by a parent[edit]

  1. James K. Polk was survived by his mother Jane Polk.[2] Of the four Presidents to be survived by a parent, Polk is the only one who was out of office at the time of his death.
  2. James A. Garfield was survived by his mother Eliza Ballou Garfield.
  3. Warren G. Harding was survived by his father Dr. George Tryon Harding.
  4. John F. Kennedy is the only president to have both of his parents, Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr. and Rose Kennedy, survive him as well as the only president to have predeceased a grandparent. His grandmother, Mary Josephine Hannon Fitzgerald, died in 1964 at the age of 98.


Letitia Christian Tyler, Abigail Fillmore, Caroline Harrison and Ellen Wilson died before husbands John Tyler, Millard Fillmore, Benjamin Harrison and Woodrow Wilson, Tyler, Harrison and Wilson dying during their husbands' presidencies, and Fillmore died less than a month after her husband left office. However these Presidents remarried to Julia Tyler, Caroline C. Fillmore, Mary Dimmick Harrison and Edith Galt Wilson

The Curse of Tippecanoe[edit]

Main article: Curse of Tippecanoe

The Curse of Tippecanoe is attributed to Tenskwatawa, or The Prophet, the brother of the famous Shawnee leader, Tecumseh. The Prophet is said to have cursed William Henry Harrison while on his deathbed. He cursed not only Harrison, but the office of the President. The Prophet said Harrison would be elected President, but would die soon after taking office, and every twenty years after Harrison a President will die in office. From 1841 to 1963, all U.S. Presidents who had been elected in a year ending in 0 died in office. These seven Presidents were:

  • 1980 – Ronald Reagan, initially elected in 1980, narrowly survived an assassination attempt in 1981 during the first of his two terms.
  • 2000 – George W. Bush, initially elected in 2000, served two full terms without dying. Nevertheless, there were three assassination attempts.[13]

  • Of all the Presidents who have died in office, Zachary Taylor was the only one not elected in a 0 year. He was elected in 1848, but died in a year ending in 0 (1850). He was also a Whig like Harrison; the only Whig presidents elected both died in office.


State funerals[edit]

  1. Abraham LincolnFuneral and burial of Abraham Lincoln
  2. James A. Garfield
  3. William McKinley
  4. Warren G. Harding
  5. William Howard Taft
  6. John F. KennedyState funeral of John F. Kennedy
  7. Herbert Hoover
  8. Dwight D. Eisenhower
  9. Lyndon B. Johnson
  10. Ronald ReaganDeath and state funeral of Ronald Reagan
  11. Gerald FordDeath and state funeral of Gerald Ford

Burial sites[edit]

  • Eighteen states (California, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Michigan, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia and Vermont), as well as the District of Columbia, lay claim to Presidential burial sites.
  • More Presidents (7) are buried in Virginia than any other state.
  • The only President buried in the District of Columbia is Woodrow Wilson, who was interred in the National Cathedral.
  • Additionally, there are three sites – United First Parish Church, Quincy, Massachusetts, Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond, Virginia, and Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Virginia – which are home to two Presidents. John Adams and his son John Quincy Adams are entombed in the crypt of the United First Parish Church. William Howard Taft and John F. Kennedy are buried in Arlington National Cemetery. John Tyler and James Monroe are both buried in Hollywood Cemetery (although Monroe was originally interred in New York City, the place of his death).
  • Because the State of Virginia was part of the Confederate States of America at the time of his passing in 1862, John Tyler could be considered the only President not only to have died outside U. S. soil, but also to have been buried there. Additionally, Tyler was the only U.S. President to have a Confederate flag draped over his coffin.

Presidential re-interments[edit]

John Quincy Adams, William H. Harrison, and Zachary Taylor were each temporarily interred in the same vault at Congressional Cemetery in Washington, D.C. [1]

Died at the same age[edit]

None of these Presidents survived their last birthday in their life for the same number of days.

Died before a predecessor/s[edit]

  • 2nd President John Adams, who died at 6:00 PM on July 4, 1826, survived his successor, 3rd President Thomas Jefferson, who died earlier on the same day at 1:00 PM, for five hours.
  • 4th President James Madison, who died on June 28, 1836, survived his successor, 5th President James Monroe, who died on July 4, 1831, for 4 years, 360 days.
  • 6th President John Quincy Adams, who died on February 23, 1848, survived his two successors, 9th President William Henry Harrison, who died on April 4, 1841 and 7th President Andrew Jackson, who died on June 8, 1845, for 6 years, 325 days and 2 years, 260 days respectively.
  • 7th President Andrew Jackson, who died on June 8, 1845, survived his successor, 9th President William Henry Harrison, who died on April 4, 1841, for 4 years, 65 days.
  • 8th President Martin van Buren, who died on July 24, 1862, survived his four successors, 9th President William Henry Harrison, who died on April 4, 1841, 11th President James K. Polk, who died on June 15, 1849, 12th President Zachary Taylor, who died on July 9, 1850 and 10th President John Tyler, who died on January 18, 1862, for 21 years, 111 days, 13 years, 39 days, 12 years, 15 days and 187 days respectively.
  • 10th President John Tyler, who died on January 18, 1862, survived his two successors, 11th President James K. Polk, who died on June 15, 1849 and 12th President Zachary Taylor, who died on July 9, 1850, for 12 years, 217 days and 11 years, 193 days respectively.
  • 13th President Millard Fillmore who died on March 8, 1874 survived his three successors, 14th President Franklin Pierce who died on October 8, 1869, 15th President James Buchanan who died on June 1, 1868, and 16th President Abraham Lincoln who was assassinated on April 15, 1865 for 4 years, 151 days, 5 years, 280 days and 8 years, 327 days respectively.
  • 14th President Franklin Pierce who died on October 8, 1869 survived his two successors, 15th President James Buchanan, who died on June 1, 1868 and 16th President Abraham Lincoln, who was assassinated on April 15, 1865, for 1 years, 129 days and 4 years, 176 days respectively.
  • 15th President James Buchanan, who died on June 1, 1868, survived his successor, 16th President Abraham Lincoln, who was assassinated on April 15, 1865, for 3 years, 47 days.
  • 18th President Ulysses S. Grant, who died on July 23, 1885, survived his successor, 20th President James A. Garfield, who was assassinated on September 19, 1881, for 3 years, 307 days.
  • 19th President Rutherford B. Hayes, who died on January 17, 1893, survived his two successors, 20th President James A. Garfield, who was assassinated on September 19, 1881 and Chester A. Arthur, who died on November 18, 1886, for 11 years, 120 days and 6 years, 60 days respectively.
  • 22nd and 24th President Grover Cleveland, who died on June 24, 1908, survived his successors, 23rd President Benjamin Harrison, who died on March 13, 1901, and 25th President William McKinley, who was assassinated on September 14, 1901, for 7 years, 103 days and 6 years, 284 days respectively.
  • 27th President William Howard Taft, who died on March 8, 1930, survived his two successors, 28th President Woodrow Wilson, who died on February 3, 1924 and 29th President Warren G. Harding, who died on August 2, 1923, for 6 years, 33 days and 6 years, 218 days respectively.
  • 28th President Woodrow Wilson, who died on February 3, 1924, survived his successor, 29th President Warren G. Harding, who died on August 2, 1923, for 185 days.
  • 31st President Herbert Hoover, who died on October 20, 1964, survived his two successors, 32nd President Franklin D. Roosevelt, who died on April 12, 1945 and 35th President John F. Kennedy, who was assassinated on November 22, 1963, for 19 years, 191 days and 333 days respectively.
  • 33rd President Harry S. Truman, who died on December 26, 1972, survived his two successors, 34th President Dwight D. Eisenhower, who died on March 28, 1969 and 35th President John F. Kennedy, who was assassinated on November 22, 1963, for 3 years, 273 days and 9 years, 34 days respectively.
  • 34th President Dwight D. Eisenhower, who died on March 28, 1969, survived his successor, 35th President John F. Kennedy, who was assassinated on November 22, 1963, for 5 years, 126 days.
  • 38th President Gerald Ford, who died on December 26, 2006, survived his successor, 40th President Ronald Reagan, who died on June 5, 2004, for 2 years, 204 days.
  • 39th President Jimmy Carter, who is still alive, survives his successor, 40th President Ronald Reagan, who died on June 5, 2004, for 10 years, 351 days.

Former Presidents who died during their immediate successor's administration or term[edit]

Among these Presidents, all except James Polk were older than their direct successors. James K. Polk was 11 years younger than Zachary Taylor. Polk was also the only one among this list whose direct successor died in office and he still remains one of the two from Presidents who died during older successors' administration, the other being Theodore Roosevelt, who died during the second term of Woodrow Wilson, who was 2 years older. Also, Andrew Johnson was the only President whose wife also died during his direct successor's term. His wife Eliza McCardle Johnson, died on January 16, 1876, six months after her husband's death and one year before the end of Ulysses S. Grant's administration. Chester A. Arthur was the only one who died during the administration of Grover Cleveland, who was both his direct and indirect successor, as Cleveland was the only President who served two non-consecutive terms. George Washington was the only one whose direct successor was also his Vice President (John Adams served under him for 8 years).

Survived vice-president[edit]

List of Presidents who died during a later administration[edit]

George Washington died on December 14, 1799, at the age of 67
John Adams (aged 90) and Thomas Jefferson(aged 83) died on July 4, 1826
James Monroe died on July 4, 1831 at the age of 73
James Madison died on June 28, 1836 at the age of 85
Andrew Jackson died on June 8, 1845 at the age of 78
John Quincy Adams died on February 23, 1848 at the age of 80
James K. Polk died on June 15, 1849 at the age of 53
John Tyler died on January 18, 1862 at the age of 71
Martin Van Buren died on July 24, 1862 at the age of 79
James Buchanan died on June 1, 1868 at the age of 77
Franklin Pierce died on October 8, 1869 at the age of 64
Millard Fillmore died on March 8, 1874 at the age of 74
Andrew Johnson died on July 31, 1875 at the age of 66
Ulysses S. Grant died on July 23, 1885 at the age of 63
Chester Arthur died on November 18, 1886 at the age of 57

Rutherford B. Hayes died on January 17, 1893 at the age of 70
Benjamin Harrison died on March 13, 1901 at the age of 67
Grover Cleveland died on June 24, 1908 at the age of 71
Theodore Roosevelt died on January 6, 1919 at the age of 60
Woodrow Wilson died on February 3, 1924 at the age of 67
William Howard Taft died on March 8, 1930 at the age of 72
Calvin Coolidge died on January 5, 1933 at the age of 60
Herbert Hoover died on October 20, 1964 at the age of 90
Dwight D. Eisenhower died on March 28, 1969 at the age of 78
Harry Truman died on December 26, 1972 at the age of 88
Lyndon B. Johnson died on January 22, 1973 at the age of 64
Richard Nixon died on April 22, 1994 at the age of 81
Ronald Reagan died on June 5, 2004 at the age of 93
Gerald Ford died on December 26, 2006 at the age of 93

Notes and references[edit]

Some times of death are approximate, and all are given in local times.

  1. ^ Wallenborn, White McKenzie, M.D. (November 5, 1997). "George Washington's Terminal Illness: A Modern Medical Analysis of the Last Illness and Death of George Washington". The Papers of George Washington. University of Virginia. 
  2. ^ a b c The Complete Book of U.S. Presidents.
  3. ^ "Jefferson's Cause of Death". Thomas Jefferson Foundation. Retrieved August 27, 2014. 
  4. ^ Originally interred at the Gouverneur family vault, New York City on July 7, 1831. Monroe was reinterred in Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, VA, July 5, 1858.
  5. ^ Jane McHugh, Philip A. Mackowiak (March 31, 2014). "What Really Killed William Henry Harrison?". The New York Times. Retrieved August 27, 2014. 
  6. ^ Widmer, Edward L. (2008). Ark of the liberties: America and the world. New York: Hill and Wang. p. 120. ISBN 978-0-8090-2735-4. OCLC 191882004. Retrieved August 2, 2009. 
  7. ^ Dusinberre, William (2003). Slavemaster President: The Double Career of James Polk. ISBN 0-19-515735-4. 
  8. ^ "President Zachary Taylor and the Laboratory: Presidential Visit from the Grave". Oak Ridge National Laboratory. 
  9. ^ a b c d Jeffrey M. Jones MD; Joni L. Jones PhD, RN. "Presidential Stroke: United States Presidents and Cerebrovascular Disease (John Tyler)". Journal CMEs. CNS Spectrums (The International Journal of Neuropsychiatric Medicine). Retrieved August 31, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Former President Ulysses S. Grant dies". History. Retrieved September 1, 2014. 
  11. ^ Cause is disputed.
  12. ^ Ford is the only president whose immediate burial following death is in a different year. Other presidents have been reinterred years after death, such as Monroe (see Note 3, above), Garfield, Hayes, and McKinley.
  13. ^ Chilcote (2006-01-11). "Bush grenade attacker gets life". CNN. Retrieved 2007-01-03. 

External links[edit]