List of United States Senators from Illinois

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Illinois was admitted to the Union on December 3, 1818, and has been represented in the United States Senate by 47 senators. Senators from Illinois are elected to Class 2 and Class 3.

The Senate twice refused to seat Frank L. Smith, in December 1926 for an appointed term and in March 1927 for an elected one, due to corruption, but he is included in this list because Smith and the Governor considered him to be a senator for approximately two years.

Three of the seven African Americans to hold U.S. Senate seats since Reconstruction have held Illinois's Class 3 seat.

Class 2[edit]

# Senator Party Years Term Electoral history
1 JBThomas.jpg Jesse B. Thomas Democratic-
Republican
December 3, 1818 –
March 4, 1829
1 Elected in 1818
Crawford
Democratic-
Republican
2 Re-elected in 1823

Retired
2 JMcLean-Senator.jpg John McLean Democratic March 4, 1829 –
October 14, 1830
3 Elected in 1829

Died
3 DJ Baker-Senator.jpg David J. Baker Democratic November 12, 1830 –
December 11, 1830
Appointed to continue McLean's term

Retired
4 JMRobinson-Senator.jpg John M. Robinson Jacksonian December 11, 1830 –
March 4, 1841
Elected to finish McLean's term
Democratic 4 Re-elected in 1835

Retired
5 SMcRoberts-Senator.jpg Samuel McRoberts Democratic March 4, 1841 –
March 27, 1843
5 Elected in 1841

Died
6 Semple.jpg James Semple Democratic December 4, 1843 –
March 4, 1847
Appointed to finish McRoberts's term

Retired
7 SADouglas.jpg Stephen A. Douglas Democratic March 4, 1847 –
June 3, 1861
6 Elected in 1847
7 Re-elected in 1853
8 Re-elected in 1859

Died
8 Orville Hickman Browning - Brady-Handy.jpg Orville Browning Republican June 26, 1861 –
January 12, 1863
Appointed to continue Douglas's term

Lost election to finish Douglas's term
9 William Alexander Richardson - Brady-Handy.jpg William A. Richardson Democratic January 12, 1863 –
March 4, 1865
Elected to finish Douglas's term

Retired
10 Richard.Yates.1.jpg Richard Yates Republican March 4, 1865 –
March 4, 1871
9 Elected in 1864

Retired
11 John Alexander Logan.jpg John A. Logan Republican March 4, 1871 –
March 4, 1877
10 Elected in 1870

Lost re-election
12 DDavis.jpg David Davis Independent March 4, 1877 –
March 4, 1883
11 Elected in 1876

Retired
13 Shelby Moore Cullom - Brady-Handy.jpg Shelby Moore Cullom Republican March 4, 1883 –
March 4, 1913
12 Elected in 1882
13 Re-elected in 1888
14 Re-elected in 1894
15 Re-elected in 1900
16 Re-elected in 1906
14 Hamilton lewis.jpg J. Hamilton Lewis Democratic March 26, 1913 –
March 4, 1919
17 Elected in 1912

Lost re-election
15 Joseph Medill McCormick.jpg Joseph M. McCormick Republican March 4, 1919 –
February 25, 1925
18 Elected in 1918

Died[1]
16 Charles.S.Deneen.jpg Charles S. Deneen Republican February 26, 1925 –
March 4, 1931
Appointed to finish McCormick's term[1]
19 Elected in 1924

Lost renomination
17 Hamilton lewis.jpg J. Hamilton Lewis Democratic March 4, 1931 –
April 9, 1939
20 Elected in 1930
21 Re-elected in 1936

Died
18 James Slattery.jpg James M. Slattery Democratic April 14, 1939 –
November 21, 1940
Appointed to continue Lewis's term

Lost special election
19 CWBrooks-Senator.jpg Charles W. Brooks Republican November 22, 1940 –
January 3, 1949
Elected to finish Lewis's term
22 Re-elected in 1942

Lost re-election
20 Paul Douglas.JPG Paul Douglas Democratic January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1967
23 Elected in 1948
24 Re-elected in 1954
25 Re-elected in 1960

Lost re-election
21 Charles Percy.jpg Charles H. Percy Republican January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1985
26 Elected in 1966
27 Re-elected in 1972
28 Re-elected in 1978

Lost re-election
22 PaulMartinSimon.jpg Paul Simon Democratic January 3, 1985 –
January 3, 1997
29 Elected in 1984
30 Re-elected in 1990

Retired
23 Richard Durbin official photo.jpg Dick Durbin Democratic January 3, 1997 –
Present
31 Elected in 1996
32 Re-elected in 2002
33 Re-elected in 2008
# Senator Party Years Term Electoral history

Class 3[edit]

# Senator Party Years Term Electoral history
1 Ninian.Edwards.png Ninian Edwards Democratic-
Republican
December 3, 1818 –
March 3, 1824
1 Elected in 1818
2 Re-elected in 1819

Resigned
2 JMcLean-Senator.jpg John McLean Democratic November 24, 1824 –
March 3, 1825
Elected to finish Edwards's term

Retired
3 EliasKane.jpg Elias Kane Democratic March 4, 1825 –
December 12, 1835
3 Elected in 1825
4 Re-elected in 1831

Died
4 William Lee Davidson Ewing bioguide.jpg William Lee D. Ewing Democratic December 30, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
Appointed to finish Kane's term

Lost election
5 RYoung.jpg Richard M. Young Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1843
5 Elected in 1837

Retired
6 SBreese.jpg Sidney Breese Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1849
6 Elected in 1843

Lost renomination
7 James Shields - Brady-Handy.jpg James Shields Democratic October 27, 1849 –
March 3, 1855
7 Elected in 1849
Not seated[2]
Elected to finish his own term

Lost re-election
8 Lyman Trumbull - Brady-Handy.jpg Lyman Trumbull Democratic March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1873
8
Elected in 1855


Republican

9 Re-elected in 1861
10 Re-elected in 1867
Liberal
Republican
9 Richard James Oglesby.jpg Richard J. Oglesby Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1879
11 Elected in 1873

Retired
10 John Alexander Logan.jpg John A. Logan Republican March 4, 1879 –
December 26, 1886
12 Elected in 1879
13 Re-elected in 1885

Died
11 C.B.Farwell.jpg Charles B. Farwell Republican January 19, 1887 –
March 3, 1891
Elected to finish Logan's term

Retired
12 John.M.Palmer.jpg John M. Palmer Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1897
14 Elected in 1890

Retired
13 WEMason.jpg William E. Mason Republican March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1903
15 Elected in 1896

Retired
14 AHopkins.jpg Albert J. Hopkins Republican March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1909
16 Elected in 1902

Lost re-election
15 William Lorimer, Illinois Senator, GGB photo.jpg William Lorimer Republican June 18, 1909 –
July 13, 1912
17 Elected late in 1909

Election voided
16 Lawrence Yates Sherman.jpg Lawrence Y. Sherman Republican March 26, 1913 –
March 3, 1921
Elected to finish Lormer's term
18 Re-elected in 1914

Retired
17 William Brown McKinley.jpg William B. McKinley Republican March 4, 1921 –
December 7, 1926
19 Elected in 1920

Died[3]
18 Frank L. Smith.jpg Frank L. Smith Republican December 7, 1926 19 Appointed to continue McKinley's term[3]

Not seated/resigned[4]
20
19 Otis Ferguson Glenn.jpg Otis F. Glenn Republican December 3, 1928 –
March 3, 1933
Elected to finish Smith's term

Lost re-election
20 WilliamDieterich.jpg William H. Dieterich Democratic March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1939
21 Elected in 1932

Retired
21 ScottWikeLucas.jpg Scott W. Lucas Democratic January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1951
22 Elected in 1938
23 Re-elected in 1944

Lost re-election
22 EverettDirksen.jpg Everett Dirksen Republican January 3, 1951 –
September 7, 1969
24 Elected in 1950
25 Re-elected in 1956
26 Re-elected in 1962
27 Re-elected in 1968

Died
23 Ralph T. Smith.jpg Ralph Tyler Smith Republican September 17, 1969 –
November 3, 1970
Appointed to continue Dirksen's term

Lost special election
24 AdlaistevensonIII.jpg Adlai Stevenson III Democratic November 17, 1970 –
January 3, 1981
Elected to finish Dirksen's term
28 Re-elected in 1974

Retired
25 Alan John Dixon.jpg Alan J. Dixon Democratic January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1993
29 Elected in 1980
30 Re-elected in 1986

Lost renomination
26 Sen. Carol Moseley Braun.jpg Carol Moseley Braun Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 1999
31 Elected in 1992

Lost re-election
27 Peter Fitzgerald.jpg Peter Fitzgerald Republican January 3, 1999 –
January 3, 2005
32 Elected in 1998

Retired
28 BarackObamaportrait.jpg Barack Obama Democratic January 3, 2005 –
November 16, 2008
33 Elected in 2004

Resigned to become U.S. President
29 Sen Roland Burris.jpg Roland Burris Democratic January 12, 2009 –
November 29, 2010
Appointed to continue Obama's term

Retired
30 Senator Mark Kirk official portrait crop.jpg Mark Kirk Republican November 29, 2010 –
Present
Elected to finish Obama's term[5]
34 Elected to the full term in 2010
# Senator Party Years Term Electoral history

Living former Illinois senators[edit]

As of July 2014, five former senators are alive, all from Class 3.

Senator Term Date of birth (and age)
Adlai Stevenson III 1970 – 1981 (1930-10-10) October 10, 1930 (age 84)
Carol Moseley Braun 1993 – 1999 (1947-08-16) August 16, 1947 (age 67)
Peter Fitzgerald 1999 – 2005 (1960-10-20) October 20, 1960 (age 54)
Barack Obama 2005 – 2008 (1961-08-04) August 4, 1961 (age 53)
Roland Burris 2008 – 2010 (1937-08-03) August 3, 1937 (age 77)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Deneen defeated McCormick for the Republican nomination in 1924 and won the subsequent general election. McCormick died shortly before the end of his term, so Deneen was appointed to replace him.
  2. ^ Shields was not seated because he had not been a citizen for the required nine years. He reached that mark on October 21, 1949, so his subsequent election was accepted by the Senate.
  3. ^ a b Smith defeated McKinely for the Republican nomination in 1926 and won the subsequent general election. McKinley died shortly before the end of his term, so Smith was appointed to replace him.
  4. ^ When Smith presented his credentials to serve the remainder of McKinely's term, the Senate refused to seat him based on what it saw as an election rife with fraud and corruption. When Smith returned with his credentials for the term he was elected to, the Senate again refused to seat him for the same reasons. Smith and the Governor considered him to be the rightful senator, but he resigned in February 1928. The Senate does not consider him to have been a senator.
  5. ^ Kirk was elected to fill the remainder of Barack Obama's term in a special election held the same day as the general election for the next term, which he also won.

See also[edit]