List of United States Senators from Illinois

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Illinois was admitted to the Union on December 3, 1818, and has been represented in the United States Senate by 47 senators. Senators from Illinois are elected to Class 2 and Class 3.

The Senate twice refused to seat Frank L. Smith, in December 1926 for an appointed term and in March 1927 for an elected one, due to corruption, but he is included in this list because Smith and the Governor considered him to be a senator for approximately two years.

Three of the seven African Americans to hold U.S. Senate seats since Reconstruction have held Illinois's Class 3 seat.

Class 2[edit]

# Senator Party Years Term Electoral history
1 JBThomas.jpg Jesse B. Thomas Democratic-
Republican
December 3, 1818 –
March 4, 1829
1 Elected in 1818.
Crawford
Democratic-
Republican
2 Re-elected in 1823.

Retired.
2 JMcLean-Senator.jpg John McLean Democratic March 4, 1829 –
October 14, 1830
3 Elected in 1829.

Died.
Vacant October 14, 1830 –
November 12, 1830
3 DJ Baker-Senator.jpg David J. Baker Democratic November 12, 1830 –
December 11, 1830
Appointed to continue McLean's term.

Retired.
4 JMRobinson-Senator.jpg John M. Robinson Jacksonian December 11, 1830 –
March 4, 1841
Elected to finish McLean's term.
Democratic 4 Re-elected in 1835.

Retired.
5 SMcRoberts-Senator.jpg Samuel McRoberts Democratic March 4, 1841 –
March 27, 1843
5 Elected in 1841.

Died.
Vacant March 27, 1843 –
December 4, 1843
6 Semple.jpg James Semple Democratic December 4, 1843 –
March 4, 1847
Appointed to finish McRoberts's term.

Retired.
7 SADouglas.jpg Stephen A. Douglas Democratic March 4, 1847 –
June 3, 1861
6 Elected in 1847.
7 Re-elected in 1853.
8 Re-elected in 1859.

Died.
Vacant June 3, 1861 –
June 26, 1861
8 Orville Hickman Browning - Brady-Handy.jpg Orville Browning Republican June 26, 1861 –
January 12, 1863
Appointed to continue Douglas's term.

Lost election to finish Douglas's term.
9 William Alexander Richardson - Brady-Handy.jpg William A. Richardson Democratic January 12, 1863 –
March 4, 1865
Elected to finish Douglas's term.

Retired.
10 Richard.Yates.1.jpg Richard Yates Republican March 4, 1865 –
March 4, 1871
9 Elected in 1864.

Retired.
11 John Alexander Logan.jpg John A. Logan Republican March 4, 1871 –
March 4, 1877
10 Elected in 1870.

Lost re-election.
12 DDavis.jpg David Davis Independent March 4, 1877 –
March 4, 1883
11 Elected in 1876.

Retired.
13 Shelby Moore Cullom - Brady-Handy.jpg Shelby Moore Cullom Republican March 4, 1883 –
March 4, 1913
12 Elected in 1882.
13 Re-elected in 1888.
14 Re-elected in 1894.
15 Re-elected in 1900.
16 Re-elected in 1906.
Vacant March 4, 1913 –
March 26, 1913
17
14 Hamilton lewis.jpg J. Hamilton Lewis Democratic March 26, 1913 –
March 4, 1919
Elected in 1912.

Lost re-election.
15 Joseph Medill McCormick.jpg Joseph M. McCormick Republican March 4, 1919 –
February 25, 1925
18 Elected in 1918.

Died.[1]
16 Charles.S.Deneen.jpg Charles S. Deneen Republican February 26, 1925 –
March 4, 1931
Appointed to finish McCormick's term[1]
19 Elected in 1924.

Lost renomination.
17 Hamilton lewis.jpg J. Hamilton Lewis Democratic March 4, 1931 –
April 9, 1939
20 Elected in 1930.
21 Re-elected in 1936.

Died.
Vacant April 9, 1939 –
April 14, 1939
18 James Slattery.jpg James M. Slattery Democratic April 14, 1939 –
November 21, 1940
Appointed to continue Lewis's term.

Lost election to finish Lewis's term.
19 CWBrooks-Senator.jpg Charles W. Brooks Republican November 22, 1940 –
January 3, 1949
Elected to finish Lewis's term.
22 Re-elected in 1942.

Lost re-election.
20 Paul Douglas.JPG Paul Douglas Democratic January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1967
23 Elected in 1948.
24 Re-elected in 1954.
25 Re-elected in 1960.

Lost re-election.
21 Charles Percy.jpg Charles H. Percy Republican January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1985
26 Elected in 1966.
27 Re-elected in 1972.
28 Re-elected in 1978.

Lost re-election.
22 PaulMartinSimon.jpg Paul Simon Democratic January 3, 1985 –
January 3, 1997
29 Elected in 1984.
30 Re-elected in 1990.

Retired.
23 Richard Durbin official photo.jpg Dick Durbin Democratic January 3, 1997 –
Present
31 Elected in 1996.
32 Re-elected in 2002.
33 Re-elected in 2008.
34 Re-elected in 2014.
# Senator Party Years Term Electoral history

Class 3[edit]

# Senator Party Years Term Electoral history
1 Ninian.Edwards.png Ninian Edwards Democratic-
Republican
December 3, 1818 –
March 3, 1824
1 Elected in 1818.
2 Re-elected in 1819.

Resigned.
Vacant March 3, 1824 –
November 24, 1824
2 JMcLean-Senator.jpg John McLean Democratic November 24, 1824 –
March 3, 1825
Elected to finish Edwards's term.

Retired.
3 EliasKane.jpg Elias Kane Democratic March 4, 1825 –
December 12, 1835
3 Elected in 1825.
4 Re-elected in 1831.

Died.
Vacant December 12, 1835 –
December 30, 1835
4 William Lee Davidson Ewing bioguide.jpg William Lee D. Ewing Democratic December 30, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
Appointed to finish Kane's term.

Lost election.
5 RYoung.jpg Richard M. Young Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1843
5 Elected in 1837.

Retired.
6 SBreese.jpg Sidney Breese Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1849
6 Elected in 1843.

Lost renomination.
Vacant March 3, 1849 –
October 27, 1849
7
7 James Shields - Brady-Handy.jpg James Shields Democratic October 27, 1849 –
March 3, 1855
Elected in 1849
Not seated[2]
Elected to finish his own term.

Lost re-election.
8 Lyman Trumbull - Brady-Handy.jpg Lyman Trumbull Democratic March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1873
8
Elected in 1855.

.

Republican.

9 Re-elected in 1861.
10 Re-elected in 1867.
Liberal
Republican
9 Richard James Oglesby.jpg Richard J. Oglesby Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1879
11 Elected in 1873.

Retired.
10 John Alexander Logan.jpg John A. Logan Republican March 4, 1879 –
December 26, 1886
12 Elected in 1879.
13 Re-elected in 1885.

Died.
Vacant December 26, 1886 –
January 19, 1887
11 C.B.Farwell.jpg Charles B. Farwell Republican January 19, 1887 –
March 3, 1891
Elected to finish Logan's term.

Retired.
12 John.M.Palmer.jpg John M. Palmer Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1897
14 Elected in 1890.

Retired.
13 WEMason.jpg William E. Mason Republican March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1903
15 Elected in 1896.

Retired.
14 AHopkins.jpg Albert J. Hopkins Republican March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1909
16 Elected in 1902.

Lost re-election.
Vacant March 3, 1909 –
June 18, 1909
17
15 William Lorimer, Illinois Senator, GGB photo.jpg William Lorimer Republican June 18, 1909 –
July 13, 1912
Elected late in 1909.

Election voided.
Vacant July 13, 1912 –
March 26, 1913
16 Lawrence Yates Sherman.jpg Lawrence Y. Sherman Republican March 26, 1913 –
March 3, 1921
Elected to finish Lormer's term.
18 Re-elected in 1914.

Retired.
17 William Brown McKinley.jpg William B. McKinley Republican March 4, 1921 –
December 7, 1926
19 Elected in 1920.

Died.[3]
18 Frank L. Smith.jpg Frank L. Smith Republican December 7, 1926 19 Appointed to continue McKinley's term.[3]

Not seated/resigned.[4]
20
19 Otis Ferguson Glenn.jpg Otis F. Glenn Republican December 3, 1928 –
March 3, 1933
Elected to finish Smith's term.

Lost re-election.
20 WilliamDieterich.jpg William H. Dieterich Democratic March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1939
21 Elected in 1932.

Retired.
21 ScottWikeLucas.jpg Scott W. Lucas Democratic January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1951
22 Elected in 1938.
23 Re-elected in 1944.

Lost re-election.
22 EverettDirksen.jpg Everett Dirksen Republican January 3, 1951 –
September 7, 1969
24 Elected in 1950.
25 Re-elected in 1956.
26 Re-elected in 1962.
27 Re-elected in 1968.

Died.
Vacant September 7, 1969 –
September 17, 1969
23 Ralph T. Smith.jpg Ralph Tyler Smith Republican September 17, 1969 –
November 3, 1970
Appointed to continue Dirksen's term.

Lost special election.
Vacant November 3, 1970 –
November 17, 1970
24 AdlaistevensonIII.jpg Adlai Stevenson III Democratic November 17, 1970 –
January 3, 1981
Elected to finish Dirksen's term.
28 Re-elected in 1974.

Retired.
25 Alan John Dixon.jpg Alan J. Dixon Democratic January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1993
29 Elected in 1980.
30 Re-elected in 1986.

Lost renomination.
26 Sen. Carol Moseley Braun.jpg Carol Moseley Braun Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 1999
31 Elected in 1992.

Lost re-election.
27 Peter Fitzgerald.jpg Peter Fitzgerald Republican January 3, 1999 –
January 3, 2005
32 Elected in 1998.

Retired.
28 BarackObamaportrait.jpg Barack Obama Democratic January 3, 2005 –
November 16, 2008
33 Elected in 2004.

Resigned to become U.S. President.
Vacant November 16, 2008 –
January 12, 2009
29 Sen Roland Burris.jpg Roland Burris Democratic January 12, 2009[disputed ]
November 29, 2010
Appointed to continue Obama's term.

Retired.
30 Senator Mark Kirk official portrait crop.jpg Mark Kirk Republican November 29, 2010 –
Present
Elected to finish Obama's term.[5]
34 Re-elected in 2010.
# Senator Party Years Term Electoral history

Living former U.S. Senators from Illinois[edit]

As of July 2014, there are five former U.S. Senators from the U.S. State of Illinois who are currently living at this time, all from Class 3.

Senator Term of office Class Date of birth (and age)
Adlai Stevenson III 1970–1981 3 (1930-10-10) October 10, 1930 (age 84)
Carol Moseley Braun 1993–1999 3 (1947-08-16) August 16, 1947 (age 67)
Peter Fitzgerald 1999–2005 3 (1960-10-20) October 20, 1960 (age 54)
Barack Obama 2005–2008 3 (1961-08-04) August 4, 1961 (age 53)
Roland Burris 2008–2010 3 (1937-08-03) August 3, 1937 (age 77)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Deneen defeated McCormick for the Republican nomination in 1924 and won the subsequent general election. McCormick died shortly before the end of his term, so Deneen was appointed to replace him.
  2. ^ Shields was not seated because he had not been a citizen for the required nine years. He reached that mark on October 21, 1949, so his subsequent election was accepted by the Senate.
  3. ^ a b Smith defeated McKinely for the Republican nomination in 1926 and won the subsequent general election. McKinley died shortly before the end of his term, so Smith was appointed to replace him.
  4. ^ When Smith presented his credentials to serve the remainder of McKinely's term, the Senate refused to seat him based on what it saw as an election rife with fraud and corruption. When Smith returned with his credentials for the term he was elected to, the Senate again refused to seat him for the same reasons. Smith and the Governor considered him to be the rightful senator, but he resigned in February 1928. The Senate does not consider him to have been a senator.
  5. ^ Kirk was elected to fill the remainder of Barack Obama's term in a special election held the same day as the general election for the next term, which he also won.

See also[edit]