List of United States Senators from New York

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This is a list of the United States Senators who have represented the State of New York. The date of the start of the tenure is either the first day of the legislative term (Senators who were elected regularly before the term began), or the day when they took the seat (Senators who were elected in special elections to fill vacancies, or after the term began).

List of Senators[edit]

Class 1

Class 1 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that were elected for only one U.S. Congress in the first elections of 1788/1789, and then the seat was contested again for the 2nd, 5th, and every three Congresses (six years) thereafter.

The seat in recent years have been contested in 1994, 2000, 2006, 2012, with a special election taking place in 2010.

The next election will be in 2018.

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Class 3

Class 3 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that were elected for the first three United States Congresses in the first elections of 1788/1789, and then the seat was contested again for the 4th, 7th, and every three Congresses (six years) thereafter.

The seat in recent years have been contested in 1998, 2004, and 2010.

The next election will be in 2016.

# Senator Party Years in office Electoral history T
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Electoral history Years in office Party Senator #
1 Schuyler.jpg
Philip Schuyler
Pro-
Administration
July 27, 1789 –
March 3, 1791
Elected in 1789.


Lost re-election.
1 1st Congress 1 Elected in 1789. July 25, 1789 –
May 23, 1796
Pro-
Administration
Rufus King - National Portrait Gallery.JPG
Rufus King
1
2 AaronBurr.jpg
Aaron Burr
Anti-
Administration
March 4, 1791 –
March 3, 1797
Elected in 1791.

Lost re-election.
2 2nd Congress
3rd Congress
Democratic-
Republican
4th Congress 2 Re-elected in 1795.

Resigned to become U.S. Minister to Great Britain.
Federalist
Vacant May 23, 1796 –
December 8, 1796
Vacant
Elected to finish King's term.
Resigned.
December 8, 1796 –
August 1800
Federalist JohnLaurance.jpg
John Laurance
2
3 Schuyler.jpg
Philip Schuyler
Federalist March 4, 1797 –
January 3, 1798
Elected in 1797.

Resigned due to ill health.
3 5th Congress
Vacant January 3, 1798 –
February 2, 1798
Vacant
4 JohnSlossHobart.jpg
John Sloss Hobart
Federalist February 2, 1798 –
April 16, 1798
Elected to finish Schuyler's term.

Resigned to become federal judge.
Vacant April 16, 1798 –
May 5, 1798
Vacant
5 WilliamNorth.jpg
William North
Federalist May 5, 1798 –
August 17, 1798
Appointed to continue Hobart's term.

Successor elected.
Vacant August 17, 1798 –
December 11, 1798
Vacant
6 JamesWatsonCongress.jpg
James Watson
Federalist December 11, 1798 –
March 19, 1800
Elected to finish Hobart's term.

Resigned to become Naval Officer of the Port of New York.
6th Congress
Vacant March 19, 1800 –
May 3, 1800
Vacant
7 Gouverneur Morris.jpg
Gouverneur Morris
Federalist May 3, 1800 –
March 3, 1803
Elected to finish Watson's term.

Lost re-election.
Vacant August 1800 –
January 8, 1801
Vacant
Elected in a special election to finish Laurance's term. January 8, 1801 –
February 5, 1802
Democratic-
Republican
John Armstrong Jr..jpg
John Armstrong, Jr.
3
7th Congress 3 Re-elected in 1801.

Resigned.
Vacant February 5, 1802 –
February 23, 1802
Vacant
Elected in a special election to finish Armstrong's term.

Resigned; unhappy with living conditions in Washington, DC.
February 23, 1802 –
November 4, 1803
Democratic-
Republican
DClinton.jpg
DeWitt Clinton
4
8 TheodorusBailey.jpg
Theodorus Bailey
Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1803 –
January 16, 1804
Elected in 1803.

Resigned.
4 8th Congress
Vacant November 4, 1803 –
December 8, 1803
Vacant
Appointed to continue Clinton's term.

Resigned; Elected to the Class 1 seat.
December 8, 1803 –
February 23, 1804
Democratic-
Republican
John Armstrong Jr..jpg
John Armstrong, Jr.
5
Elected in a special election to finish Armstrong's term. February 23, 1804 –
March 3, 1813
Democratic-
Republican
John SmithNY.jpg
John Smith
6
Vacant January 16, 1804 –
February 25, 1804
Vacant
9 John Armstrong Jr..jpg
John Armstrong, Jr.
Democratic-
Republican
February 25, 1804 –
June 30, 1804
Elected to finish Bailey's term.

Resigned to become U.S. Minister to France.
Vacant June 30, 1804 –
November 23, 1804
Vacant
10 Samuel Latham Mitchill.jpg
Samuel L. Mitchill
Democratic-
Republican
November 23, 1804 –
March 3, 1809
Elected to finish Armstrong's term.

Lost re-election.
9th Congress
10th Congress 4 Re-elected in 1807.
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
11 Obadiah German Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1809 –
March 3, 1815
Elected in 1809.

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
5 11th Congress
12th Congress
13th Congress 5 Elected in 1813.

Legislature failed to elect.
March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1819
Federalist Rufus King.jpg
Rufus King
7
12 NathanSanford.JPG
Nathan Sanford
Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1815 –
March 3, 1821
Elected in 1815.

Lost re-election.
6 14th Congress
15th Congress
16th Congress 6 Vacant March 4, 1819 –
January 25, 1820
Vacant
Re-elected late.

Retired due to advanced age.
January 25, 1820 –
March 3, 1825
Federalist Rufus King.jpg
Rufus King
13 Martin Van Buren edit.jpg
Martin Van Buren
Democratic-
Republican
/Bucktails
March 4, 1821 –
December 20, 1828
Elected in 1821. 7 17th Congress
Crawford
Republican
18th Congress
Jacksonian 19th Congress 7 See U.S. Senate election in NY 1825-26 March 4, 1825 –
January 31, 1826
Vacant
Elected late.

Retired.
January 31, 1826 –
March 3, 1831
Democratic-
Republican
NathanSanford.JPG
Nathan Sanford
8
Re-elected in 1827.

Resigned to become N.Y. Governor.
8 20th Congress
Vacant December 20, 1828 –
January 29, 1829
Vacant
14 Charles E. Dudley bioguide.jpg
Charles E. Dudley
Democratic January 29, 1829 –
March 3, 1833
Elected to finish Van Buren's term.

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
21st Congress
22nd Congress 8 Elected in 1831.

Resigned; elected N.Y. Governor.
March 4, 1831 –
January 1, 1833
Democratic William L. Marcy.png
William L. Marcy
9
Vacant January 1, 1833 –
January 14, 1833
Vacant
Elected in a special election to finish Marcy's term. January 14, 1833 –
November 26, 1844
Democratic SWhightJr.jpg
Silas Wright, Jr.
10
15 Nathaniel P. Tallmadge bioguide.jpg
Nathaniel P. Tallmadge
Democratic March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1839
Elected in 1833.

Legislature failed to re-elect.
9 23rd Congress
24th Congress
25th Congress 9 Re-elected in 1837.
Vacant March 4, 1839 –
January 27, 1840
Vacant 10 26th Congress
Nathaniel P. Tallmadge bioguide.jpg
Nathaniel P. Tallmadge
Whig January 27, 1840 –
June 17, 1844
Elected late.

Resigned to become Governor of Wisconsin Territory.
27th Congress
28th Congress 10 Re-elected in 1843.

Resigned when elected N.Y. Governor.
Vacant June 17, 1844 –
December 9, 1844
Vacant
Vacant November 26, 1844 –
November 30, 1844
Vacant
Appointed to continue Wright's term.

Successor elected.
November 30, 1844 –
January 27, 1845
Democratic Henry A. Foster 11
16 Daniel Dickinson NY.jpg
Daniel S. Dickinson
Democratic December 9, 1844 –
March 3, 1851
Appointed to finish Tallmadge's term.
Elected in a special election to finish Wright's term.

Lost re-election.
January 27, 1845 –
March 3, 1849
Democratic Younger-JADix2.jpg
John Adams Dix
12
Elected to full term in 1845.

Lost re-election.
11 29th Congress
30th Congress
31st Congress 11 Elected in 1849. March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1861
Whig WmHSeward.jpg
William H. Seward
13
Vacant March 4, 1851 –
December 1, 1851
Vacant 12 32nd Congress
17 Fish-Hamilton-LOC.jpg
Hamilton Fish
Whig December 1, 1851 –
March 3, 1857
Elected late.

Retired.
33rd Congress
34th Congress 12 Re-elected as a Republican in 1855.

Retired to run for U.S. President
Republican
18 Preston King - Brady-Handy.jpg
Preston King
Republican March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1863
Elected in 1857.

Retired.
13 35th Congress
36th Congress
37th Congress 13 Elected in 1861.

Lost re-nomination.
March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1867
Republican Ira Harris.jpg
Ira Harris
14
19 EDMorgan.jpg
Edwin D. Morgan
Republican March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1869
Elected in 1863.

Lost re-nomination.
14 38th Congress
39th Congress
40th Congress 14 Elected in 1867. March 4, 1867 –
May 16, 1881
Republican RConkling.jpg
Roscoe Conkling
15
20 Reuben Fenton - Brady-Handy.jpg
Reuben Fenton
Republican March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1875
Elected in 1869.

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!].
15 41st Congress
42nd Congress
43rd Congress 15 Re-elected in 1873.
21 Francis Kernan - Brady-Handy.jpg
Francis Kernan
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1881
Elected in 1875.

Lost re-election.
16 44th Congress
45th Congress
46th Congress 16 Re-elected in 1879.

Resigned because of a disagreement with the President over federal appointments in New York.
22 Thomas C. Platt - Brady-Handy.jpg
Thomas C. Platt
Republican March 4, 1881 –
May 16, 1881
Elected in 1881.

Resigned because of a disagreement with the President over federal appointments in New York.
17 47th Congress
Vacant May 16, 1881 –
October 11, 1881
Vacant Vacant May 16, 1881 –
October 11, 1881
Vacant
23 Warner Miller bioguide.jpg
Warner Miller
Republican October 11, 1881 –
March 3, 1887
Elected to finish Platt's term.

Lost re-election.
Elected in a special election to finish Conkling's term.

Retired.
October 11, 1881 –
March 3, 1885
Republican Elbridge G. Lapham - Brady-Handy.jpg
Elbridge G. Lapham
16
48th Congress
49th Congress 17 Elected in 1885.

Lost re-election.
March 4, 1885 –
March 3, 1891
Republican William M. Evarts - Brady-Handy.jpg
William M. Evarts
17
24 Frank Hiscock bioguide.jpg
Frank Hiscock
Republican March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1893
Elected in 1887.

Lost re-election.
18 50th Congress
51st Congress
52nd Congress 18 Vacant March 4, 1891 –
January 7, 1892
Vacant
Elected in 1891, but took his seat only after term as N.Y. Governor ended.

Lost re-election.
January 7, 1892 –
March 3, 1897
Democratic DavidBHill.jpg
David B. Hill
18
25 Edward Murphy Jr. bioguide.jpg
Edward Murphy, Jr.
Democratic March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1899
Elected in 1893.

Lost re-election.
19 53rd Congress
54th Congress
55th Congress 19 Elected in 1926. March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1909
Republican Thomas C Platt US Sen NY.jpg
Thomas C. Platt
19
26 CMDepew.jpg
Chauncey Depew
Republican March 4, 1899 –
March 3, 1911
Elected in 1899. 20 56th Congress
57th Congress
58th Congress 20 Re-elected in 1903.

Retired.
Re-elected in 1905.

Lost re-election.
21 59th Congress
60th Congress
61st Congress 21 Elected in 1909.

Retired.
March 4, 1909 –
March 3, 1915
Republican Elihu Root, bw photo portrait, 1902.jpg
Elihu Root
20
Vacant March 3, 1911 –
April 4, 1911
Vacant 22 62nd Congress
27 JamesOGorman.jpg
James A. O'Gorman
Democratic April 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1917
Elected late.

Retired.
63rd Congress
64th Congress 22 Elected in 1914. March 4, 1915 –
March 3, 1927
Republican JWWadsworth.jpg
James W. Wadsworth, Jr.
21
28 William M Calder.jpg
William M. Calder
Republican March 4, 1917 –
March 3, 1923
Elected in 1916.

Lost re-election.
23 65th Congress
66th Congress
67th Congress 23 Re-elected in 1920.

Lost re-election.
29 Copeland.jpg
Royal S. Copeland
Democratic March 4, 1923 –
June 17, 1938
Elected in 1922. 24 68th Congress
69th Congress
70th Congress 24 Elected in 1926. March 4, 1927 –
June 28, 1949
Democratic Robert F Wagner.jpg
Robert F. Wagner
22
Re-elected in 1928. 25 71st Congress
72nd Congress
73rd Congress 25 Re-elected in 1932.
Re-elected in 1934.

Died.
26 74th Congress
75th Congress
Vacant June 17, 1938 –
December 3, 1938
Vacant
30 James Mead.jpg
James M. Mead
Democratic December 3, 1938 –
January 3, 1947
Elected to finish Copeland's term.
76th Congress 26 Re-elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.

Retired to run for N.Y. Governor.
27 77th Congress
78th Congress
79th Congress 27 Re-elected in 1944.

Resigned due to ill health.
31 Irving Ives.jpg
Irving M. Ives
Republican January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1959
Elected in 1946. 28 80th Congress
81st Congress
Vacant June 28, 1949 –
July 7, 1949
Vacant
Appointed to continue Wagner's term.

Lost election to finish Wagner's term.
July 7, 1949 –
January 3, 1950
Republican JohnFosterDulles.jpeg
John Foster Dulles
23
Elected in a Elected to finish Wagner's term. January 3, 1950 –
January 3, 1957
Democratic Herbert Lehman.jpg
Herbert H. Lehman
24
82nd Congress 28 Re-elected in 1950.

Retired.
Re-elected in 1952.

Retired.
29 83rd Congress
84th Congress
85th Congress 29 Vacant January 3, 1957 –
January 9, 1957
Vacant
Elected in 1956, but took seat late to prevent the Governor from appointing a rival to be his successor as N.Y. Attorney General January 9, 1957 –
January 3, 1981
Republican Jacob Javits.jpg
Jacob K. Javits
25
32 Senator Kenneth Keating.jpg
Kenneth Keating
Republican January 3, 1959 –
January 3, 1965
Elected in 1958.

Lost re-election.
30 86th Congress
87th Congress
88th Congress 30 Re-elected in 1962.
33 Robert F Kennedy crop.jpg
Robert F. Kennedy
Democratic January 3, 1965 –
June 6, 1968
Elected in 1964.

Died.
31 89th Congress
90th Congress
Vacant June 6, 1968 –
September 10, 1968
Vacant
34 Goodell.jpg
Charles Goodell
Republican September 10, 1968 –
January 3, 1971
Appointed to finish Kennedy's term.

Lost election to a full term.
91st Congress 31 Re-elected in 1968.
35 JamesLBuckley.jpg
James L. Buckley
Conservative January 3, 1971 –
January 3, 1977
Elected in 1970.

Lost re-election.
32 92nd Congress
93rd Congress
94th Congress 32 Re-elected in 1974.

Lost renomination and then lost re-election as a Liberal.
36 DanielPatrickMoynihan.jpg
Daniel Patrick Moynihan
Democratic January 3, 1977 –
January 3, 2001
Elected in 1976. 33 95th Congress
96th Congress
97th Congress 33 Elected in 1980. January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1999
Republican Alfonse D'Amato.jpg
Al D'Amato
26
Re-elected in 1982. 34 98th Congress
99th Congress
100th Congress 34 Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988. 35 101st Congress
102nd Congress
103rd Congress 35 Re-elected in 1992.

Lost re-election.
Re-elected in 1994.

Retired.
36 104th Congress
105th Congress
106th Congress 36 Elected in 1998. January 3, 1999 –
Incumbent
Democratic Charles Schumer official portrait.jpg
Chuck Schumer
27
37 Hillary Rodham Clinton.jpg
Hillary Rodham Clinton
Democratic January 3, 2001 –
January 21, 2009
Elected in 2000. 37 107th Congress
108th Congress
109th Congress 37 Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.

Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of State.
38 110th Congress
111th Congress
Vacant January 21, 2009 –
January 25, 2009
Vacant
38 Kirsten Gillibrand, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg
Kirsten Gillibrand
Democratic January 25, 2009 –
Present
Appointed to continue Clinton's term.

Elected to finish Clinton's term.
112th Congress 38 Re-elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012. 39 113th Congress
114th Congress
115th Congress 39 To be determined in the 2016 election.
To be determined in the 2018 election. 40 116th Congress
117th Congress
# Senator Party Years in office Electoral history T
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Electoral history Years in office Party Senator #
Class 1 Class 3

See also[edit]