List of United States Senators from North Carolina

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North Carolina ratified the Constitution on November 21, 1789, after the beginning of the 1st Congress. Its current senators are Democrat Kay Hagan and Republican Richard Burr.

Class 2[edit]

Class 2 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that were elected for two Congresses in the first election of 1788/1789 and whose seats in recent years are contested in 1996, 2002, 2008, and will be contested in 2014.

# Senator Party Years Congress Term Electoral history
1 NC-Congress-SamuelJohnston.JPG Samuel Johnston Pro-
Administration
November 27, 1789 –
March 4, 1793
1 1 Elected in 1789

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
2
2 NCG-AlexanderMartin.jpg Alexander Martin Anti-
Administration
March 4, 1793 –
March 4, 1799
3 2 Elected in 1793

Lost re-election
Democratic-
Republican
4
5
3 Jesse Franklin Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1799 –
March 4, 1805
6 3 Elected in 1799

Lost re-election
7
8
4 James Turner Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1805 –
November 21, 1816
9 4 Elected in 1804
10
11
12 5 Re-elected in 1810

Resigned due to ill health
13
14
Vacant November 21, 1816 –
December 4, 1816
5 NCG-MontfortStokes.jpg Montfort Stokes Democratic-
Republican
December 4, 1816 –
March 4, 1823
Elected to finish Turner's term
15 6 Elected to full term in 1816

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
16
17
6 JohnBranch2.jpg John Branch Crawford
Republican
March 4, 1823 –
March 9, 1829
18 7 Elected in 1822
Jacksonian 19
20
21 8 Re-elected in 1828

Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of the Navy
Vacant March 9, 1829 –
December 9, 1829
7 BedfordBrown.jpg Bedford Brown Democratic December 9, 1829 –
November 16, 1840
21
(Continued)
Elected to finish Branch's term
22
23
24 9 Re-elected in 1835

Resigned[1]
25
26
Vacant November 16, 1840 –
November 25, 1840
8 Willie p magnum.jpg Willie Mangum Whig November 25, 1840 –
March 4, 1853
26
(Continued)
Elected to finish Brown's term
27 10 Elected in 1841
28
29
30 11 Re-elected in 1847

Lost re-election
31
32
Vacant March 4, 1853 –
December 6, 1854
33 12 Legislature failed to elect
9 David Reid Democratic December 6, 1854 –
March 4, 1859
33
(Continued)
Elected to finish vacant term

Lost re-election
34
35
10 Thomas Bragg 1.jpg Thomas Bragg Democratic March 4, 1859 –
March 6, 1861
36 13 Elected in 1858

Resigned and expelled for his support for the Confederate States
37
Vacant July 11, 1861 –
July 14, 1868
37
(Continued)
Civil War and Reconstruction
38
39 14
40
11 Joseph Carter Abbott - Brady-Handy.jpg Joseph Abbott Republican July 14, 1868 –
March 4, 1871
40
(Continued)
Elected in 1868 to finish vacant term

Lost renomination
41
Vacant March 4, 1871 –
January 30, 1872
42 15 Legislature failed to elect
12 Matt Whitaker Ransom - Brady-Handy.jpg Matt W. Ransom Democratic January 30, 1872 –
March 4, 1895
42
(Continued)
Elected to finish vacant term
43
44
45 16 Re-elected in 1876
46
47
48 17 Re-elected in 1883
49
50
51 18 Re-elected in 1889

Lost re-election
52
53
13 NC-Congress-MarionButler.jpg Marion Butler Populist March 4, 1895 –
March 4, 1901
54 19 Elected in 1894

Lost re-election
55
56
14 Furnifold McLendel Simmons.jpg Furnifold M. Simmons Democratic March 4, 1901 –
March 4, 1931
57 20 Elected in 1900
58
59
60 21 Re-elected in 1906
61
62
63 22 Re-elected in 1912
64
65
66 23 Re-elected in 1918
67
68
69 24 Re-elected in 1924

Lost renomination
70
71
15 Josiah Bailey.jpg Josiah Bailey Democratic March 4, 1931 –
December 15, 1946
72 25 Elected in 1930
73
74
75 26 Re-elected in 1936
76
77
78 27 Re-elected in 1942

Died
79
Vacant December 15, 1946 –
December 18, 1946
16 William Bradley Umstead.jpg William B. Umstead Democratic December 18, 1946 –
December 30, 1948
79
(Continued)
Appointed to continue Bailey's term

Lost election to finish Bailey's term
80
17 Melville Broughton.jpg J. Melville Broughton Democratic December 31, 1948 –
March 6, 1949
80
(Continued)
Elected to finish Bailey's term
81 28 Elected to full term in 1948

Died
Vacant March 6, 1949 –
March 29, 1949
18 Frank Porter Graham.jpg Frank Graham Democratic March 29, 1949 –
November 26, 1950
Appointed to continue Broughton's term

Lost nomination to finish Broughton's term
19 Willissmith.JPG Willis Smith Democratic November 27, 1950 –
June 26, 1953
82
(Continued)
Elected to finish Broughton's term

Died
82
83
Vacant June 26, 1953 –
July 10, 1953
20 Alton Lennon.jpg Alton A. Lennon Democratic July 10, 1953 –
November 28, 1954
Appointed to continue Smith's term

Lost nomination to finish Smith's term
21 S000187.jpg W. Kerr Scott Democratic November 29, 1954 –
April 16, 1958
Elected to finish Smith's term
84 29 Elected to full term in 1954

Died
85
Vacant April 16, 1958 –
April 19, 1958
22 B. Everett Jordan.jpg B. Everett Jordan Democratic April 19, 1958 –
January 3, 1973
85
(Continued)
Appointed to continue Scott's term

Elected to finish Scott's term
86
87 30 Re-elected in 1960
88
89
90 31 Re-elected in 1966

Lost renomination
91
92
23 JesseHelms.jpg Jesse Helms Republican January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 2003
93 32 Elected in 1972
94
95
96 33 Re-elected in 1978
97
98
99 34 Re-elected in 1984
100
101
102 35 Re-elected in 1990
103
104
105 36 Re-elected in 1996

Retired
106
107
24 Elizabeth Dole official photo.jpg Elizabeth Dole Republican January 3, 2003 –
January 3, 2009
108 37 Elected in 2002

Lost re-election
109
110
25 Kay Hagan official photo.jpg Kay Hagan Democratic January 3, 2009 –
Present
111 38 Elected in 2008
112
113
114 39 Lost re-election in 2014

Class 3[edit]

Class 3 U.S. Senators belong to the electoral cycle that were elected for three Congresses in the first election of 1788/1789 and whose seats in recent years are contested in 1992, 1998, 2004, 2010, and will be contested in 2016.

# Senator Party Years Congress Term Electoral history
1 NC-Congress-BenjaminHawkins.jpg Benjamin Hawkins Pro-
Administration
November 27, 1789 –
March 4, 1795
1 1 Elected in 1789

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
2
Anti-
Administration
3
2 Timothy Bloodworth Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1795 –
March 4, 1801
4 2 Elected in 1795

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
5
6
3 NC-Congress-DavidStone.jpg David Stone Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1801 –
February 17, 1807[2]
7 3 Elected in 1800

Resigned to return to the State Superior Court
8
9
Vacant February 17, 1807[2]
March 4, 1807
4 Jesse Franklin Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1807 –
March 4, 1813
10 4 Elected in 1806

Retired
11
12
5 NC-Congress-DavidStone.jpg David Stone Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1813 –
December 24, 1814
13 5 Elected in 1813

Resigned
Vacant December 24, 1814 –
December 1814
6 Francis Locke Democratic-
Republican
December 1814 –
December 5, 1815
13
(Continued)
Elected to finish Stone's term

Resigned without having qualified
14
Vacant December 5, 1815 –
December 13, 1815
7 NC-Congress-NathanielMacon.jpg Nathaniel Macon Democratic-
Republican
December 13, 1815 –
November 14, 1828
14
(Continued)
Elected to finish Locke's term
15
16 6 Elected to full term in 1819
17
Crawford
Republican
18
Jacksonian 19 7 Re-elected in 1825

Resigned
20
Vacant November 14, 1828 –
December 15, 1828
8 James Iredell, Jr. Jacksonian December 15, 1828 –
March 4, 1831
20
(Continued)
Elected to finish Macon's term

Retired
21
9 Willie p magnum.jpg Willie Mangum Jacksonian March 4, 1831 –
March 19, 1836
22 8 Elected in 1830

Resigned
Anti-Jacksonian 23
24
Vacant March 19, 1836 –
December 5, 1836
10 NC-Congress-RogerStrange.jpg Robert Strange Jacksonian December 5, 1836 –
November 16, 1840
24
(Continued)
Elected to finish Mangum's term
Democratic 25 9 Elected to full term in 1836

Resigned[1]
26
Vacant November 16, 1840 –
November 25, 1840
11 William Alexander Graham - Brady-Handy.jpg William Alexander Graham Whig November 25, 1840 –
March 4, 1843
26
(Continued)
Elected to finish Strange's term

[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
27
12 NC-Congress-WilliamHenryHaywoodJr.jpg William H. Haywood, Jr. Democratic March 4, 1843 –
July 25, 1846
28 10 Elected in 1843

Resigned[1]
29
Vacant July 25, 1846 –
November 25, 1846
13 GEBadger-portrait.jpg George Badger Whig November 25, 1846 –
March 4, 1855
29
(Continued)
Elected to finish Haywood's term
30
31 11 Re-elected in 1849

Retired
32
33
14 NC-Congress-AsaBiggs.jpg Asa Biggs Democratic March 4, 1855 –
May 5, 1858
34 12 Elected in 1855

Resigned to become U.S. District Court Judge
35
Vacant May 5, 1858 –
May 7, 1858
15 Thomas Lanier Clingman - Brady-Handy.jpg Thomas Clingman Democratic May 7, 1858 –
March 11, 1861
35
(Continued)
Appointed to finish Biggs's term
36
37 13 Elected to full term in 1861

Resigned,
and subsequently expelled for support of the Confederate States
Vacant March 11, 1861 –
July 14, 1868
37
(Continued)
Civil War and Reconstruction
38
39
40 14
16 John Pool-photograph.jpeg John Pool Republican July 14, 1868 –
March 4, 1873
40
(Continued)
Elected to finish vacant term

Retired
41
42
17 Augustus Merrimon.jpg Augustus Merrimon Democratic March 4, 1873 –
March 4, 1879
43 15 Elected in 1872

Lost re-election
44
45
18 Zebulon Vance Democratic March 4, 1879 –
April 14, 1894
46 16 Elected in 1879
47
48
49 17 Re-elected in 1884
50
51
52 18 Re-elected in 1892

Died
Vacant April 14, 1894 –
April 19, 1894
19 ThomasJordanJarvis.jpg Thomas J. Jarvis Democratic April 19, 1894 –
January 23, 1895
Appointed to continue Vance's term

Successor qualified
20 Jeter Connelly Pritchard.jpg Jeter Pritchard Republican January 23, 1895 –
March 4, 1903
52
(Continued)
Elected to finish Vance's term
53
54
55 19 Elected to full term in 1897

Lost re-election
56
57
21 Lee salter overman.jpg Lee S. Overman Democratic March 4, 1903 –
December 12, 1930
58 20 Elected in 1903
59
60
61 21 Re-elected in 1909
62
63
64 22 Re-elected in 1914
65
66
67 23 Re-elected in 1920
68
69
70 24 Re-elected in 1926

Died
71
22 Cameron A. Morrison.jpg Cameron A. Morrison Democratic December 13, 1930 –
December 4, 1932
71
(Continued)
Appointed to continue Overman's term

Lost election to finish Overman's term
72
23 Robert Rice Reynolds.jpg Robert Reynolds Democratic December 5, 1932 –
January 3, 1945
72
(Continued)
Elected to finish Overman's term
73 25 Elected to full term in 1932
74
75
76 26 Re-elected in 1938

Retired
77
78
24 Clyde Hoey.jpg Clyde R. Hoey Democratic January 3, 1945 –
May 12, 1954
79 27 Elected in 1944
80
81
82 28 Re-elected in 1950

Died
83
Vacant May 12, 1954 –
June 5, 1954
25 Sam Ervin.jpg Sam Ervin Democratic June 5, 1954 –
December 31, 1974
83
(Continued)
Appointed to continue Hoey's term
Elected to finish Hoey's term
84
85 29 Re-elected in 1956
86
87
88 30 Re-elected in 1962
89
90
91 31 Re-elected in 1968

Retired and resigned early
92
93
Vacant December 31, 1974 –
January 3, 1975
93
(Continued)
26 M000956.jpg Robert B. Morgan Democratic January 3, 1975 –
January 3, 1981
94 32 Elected in 1974

Lost re-election
95
96
27 John Porter East.jpg John P. East Republican January 3, 1981 –
June 29, 1986
97 33 Elected in 1980

Died
98
99
Vacant June 29, 1986 –
July 14, 1986
28 James Broyhill.jpg James T. Broyhill Republican July 14, 1986 –
November 4, 1986
Appointed to continue East's term

Lost election to finish East's term
29 Terry Sanford.jpg Terry Sanford Democratic November 5, 1986 –
January 3, 1993
99
(Continued)
Elected to finish East's term
100 34 Elected to full term in 1986

Lost re-election
101
102
30 Lauch Faircloth.jpg Lauch Faircloth Republican January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 1999
103 35 Elected in 1992

Lost re-election
104
105
31 John Edwards, official Senate photo portrait.jpg John Edwards Democratic January 3, 1999 –
January 3, 2005
106 36 Elected in 1998

Retired to run for U.S. President
107
108
32 Richard Burr official photo.jpg Richard Burr Republican January 3, 2005 –
Present
109 37 Elected in 2004
110
111
112 38 Re-elected in 2010
113
114

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Resigned rather than disobey instructions from the N.C. General Assembly
  2. ^ a b This date is approximate. Stone's resignation letter was read on February 17, but it could have been delivered on as early as February 11, 1807, according to the Annals of Congress (pages 66 to 68).

See also[edit]