List of United States Senators in the 30th Congress by seniority

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This is a classification of United States Senators by seniority during the 30th Congress, from March 4, 1847 to March 3, 1849.

Order of service is based on the commencement of the senator's first term. Behind this is former service as a senator (only giving the senator seniority within his or her new incoming class), service as Vice President, a House member, a Cabinet secretary, or a governor of a state. The final factor is the population of the senator's state.[1][2]

Senators who were sworn in in the middle of the two-year congressional term are listed at the end of the list with no number.

Rank Name (Party-State) Seniority date Other factors
1 Thomas Hart Benton (D-MO) August 10, 1821
2 Ambrose Hundley Sevier (D-AR)[3] September 18, 1836
3 William Allen (D-OH) March 4, 1837
4 Samuel Shethar Phelps (W-VT) March 4, 1839
5 Daniel Sturgeon (D-PA) January 14, 1840
6 Jabez Williams Huntington (W-CT)[4] May 4, 1840
7 Willie Person Mangum (W-NC) November 25, 1840
8 John Macpherson Berrien (W-GA) March 4, 1841 Former Senator
9 Jacob Welsh Miller (W-NJ)
10 Arthur Pendleton Bagby (D-AL)[5] November 24, 1841
11 John Jordan Crittenden (W-KY)[6] March 31, 1842
12 William Lewis Dayton (W-NJ) July 2, 1842
13 James Alfred Pearce (W-MD) March 4, 1843 Former Representative (6 years); Maryland 15th in Population (1840)
14 Charles Gordon Atherton (D-NH) Former Representative (6 years); New Hampshire 22nd in Population (1840)
15 Edward Allen Hannegan (D-IN) Former Representative (4 years)
16 Walter Terry Colquitt (D-GA)[7] Former Representative (1 year)
17 Sidney Breese (D-IL) Illinois 14th in Population (1840)
18 William Upham (W-VT) Vermont 21st in Population (1840)
19 David Rice Atchison (D-MO) October 14, 1843
20 John Fairfield (D-ME)[8] December 4, 1843
21 Henry Johnson (W-LA) February 12, 1844
22 Dixon Hall Lewis (D-AL)[9] April 22, 1844
23 John Milton Niles (D-CT) May 16, 1844
24 Chester Ashley (D-AR)[10] November 8, 1844
25 Daniel Stevens Dickinson (D-NY) November 30, 1844
26 John Adams Dix (D-NY) January 27, 1845
27 Daniel Webster (W-MA) March 4, 1845 Former Senator (13 years)
28 John Middleton Clayton (W-DE)[11] Former Senator (7 years)
29 Thomas Corwin (W-OH) Former Representative (9 years)
30 Jesse Speight (D-MS)[12] Former Representative (8 years)
31 Hopkins Lacy Turney (D-TN) Former Representative (6 years)
32 Lewis Cass (D-MI) Former Cabinent Member
33 Jesse David Bright (D-IN) Indiana 10th in Population (1840)
34 Reverdy Johnson (W-MD) Maryland 15th in Population (1840)
35 Albert Collins Greene (W-RI) Rhode Island 24th in Population (1840)
36 Simon Cameron (D-PA) March 13, 1845
37 John Davis (W-MA) March 24, 1845
38 David Levy Yulee (D-FL) Former Delegate
39 James Diament Westcott, Jr. (D-FL) July 1, 1845
40 John Caldwell Calhoun (D-SC) November 26, 1845
41 Samuel Houston (D-TX) December 3, 1845 Former Representative
42 Thomas Jefferson Rusk (D-TX)
43 George Edmund Badger (W-NC) November 25, 1846
44 Andrew Pickens Butler (D-SC) December 4, 1846
45 James Murray Mason (D-VA) January 21, 1847
46 Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter (D-VA) March 4, 1847 Former Representative (8 years); Virginia 4th in Population (1840)
47 Joseph Rogers Underwood (W-KY) Former Representative (8 years); Kentucky 6th in Population (1840)
48 Stephen Arnold Douglas (D-IL) Former Representative (4 years)
49 John Parker Hale (ID-NH) Former Representative (2 years)
50 Alpheus Felch (D-MI) Former Governor
51 James Ware Bradbury (D-ME) Maine 13th in Population (1840)
52 Henry Stuart Foote (D-MS) Mississippi 17th in Population (1840)
53 Solomon Weathersbee Downs (D-LA) Louisiana 19th in Population (1840)
54 John Hopkins Clarke (W-RI) Rhode Island 24th in Population (1840)
55 Presley Spruance (W-DE) Delaware 26th in Population (1840)
Jefferson Davis (D-MS) August 10, 1847
Roger Sherman Baldwin (W-CT) November 11, 1847
56 John Bell (W-TN) November 11, 1847
Wyman Bradbury Seavy Moor (D-ME)[13] January 5, 1848
Herschel Vespasian Johnson (D-ME) January 5, 1848
Solon Borland (D-AR) March 30, 1848
William King Sebastian (D-AR) May 12, 1848
Hannibal Hamlin (D-ME) May 12, 1848 Former Representative (4 years); Maine 13th in Population (1840)
57 Henry Dodge (D-WI) Former Delegate (4 years); Wisconsin 28th in Population (1840)
Thomas Fitzgerald (D-MI) Michigan 23rd in Population (1840)
58 Isaac Pigeon Walker (D-WI) Wisconsin 28th in Population (1840)
Thomas Metcalfe (W-KY) June 23, 1848
William Rufus de Vane King (D-AL) July 1, 1848
Benjamin Fitzpatrick (D-AL) November 25, 1848
59 Augustus Caesar Dodge (D-IA) December 7, 1848 Former Delegate (6 years)
60 George Wallace Jones (D-IA) Former Delegate (3 years)
John Wales (W-DE) February 3, 1849

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A Chronological List of United States Senators 1789-Present, via www.Senate.gov
  2. ^ 1820 Census Results
  3. ^ Ambrose Sevier resigned to become Minister to Mexico
  4. ^ Jabez Huntington died November 1, 1847
  5. ^ Arthur Bagby resigned June 16, 1848 to become Minister to Russia
  6. ^ John Crittenden resigned June 12, 1848 to become Governor of Kentucky
  7. ^ Walter Colquitt resigned February 28, 1848
  8. ^ John Fairfield died December 24, 1847
  9. ^ Dixon Lewis died October 25, 1848
  10. ^ Chester Ashley died April 29, 1848
  11. ^ John Clayton resigned February 23, 1849 to become Secretary of State.
  12. ^ Jesse Speight died May 1, 1847
  13. ^ Wyman Moor left office June 7, 1848, having his replacement elected.

External links[edit]