List of United States Supreme Court cases by the Taft Court

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This is a chronological list of cases decided by the United States Supreme Court during the tenure of Chief Justice William Howard Taft (July 11, 1921 through February 3, 1930).


Case name Citation Summary
United States v. Phellis 257 U.S. 156 (1921) shares in a subsidiary corporation issued to stockholders in the parent corporation considered taxable income
Leser v. Garnett 258 U.S. 130 (1922) constitutionality of Nineteenth Amendment
Balzac v. Porto Rico 258 U.S. 298 (1922) sometimes considered one of the Insular Cases
United States v. Moreland 258 U.S. 433 (1922) Fifth Amendment, hard labor in prison
Child Labor Tax Case 259 U.S. 20 (1922) docket title Bailey v. Drexel Furniture Co., found the Child Labor Tax Law of 1919 was not a valid use of Congress' power under the Taxing and Spending Clause
Hill v. Wallace 259 U.S. 44 (1922) use of congressional taxing power under the Taxing and Spending Clause; relationship to Commerce Clause
Federal Baseball Club v. National League 259 U.S. 200 (1922) baseball and antitrust regulation
Wyoming v. Colorado 259 U.S. 419 (1922) whether Colorado could divert water from the Laramie River, an interstate stream system
Takao Ozawa v. United States 260 U.S. 178 (1922) naturalization and race (Japanese-American)
Pennsylvania Coal Co. v. Mahon 260 U.S. 393 (1922) Substantive Due Process, Takings clause of the Fifth Amendment
Moore v. Dempsey 261 U.S. 86 (1923) mob-dominated trials, federal writ of habeas corpus, due process
United States v. Bhagat Singh Thind 261 U.S. 204 (1923) naturalization and race (Indian-American)
Adkins v. Children's Hospital 261 U.S. 525 (1923) freedom of contract, minimum wage laws
Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Co. v. United States 261 U.S. 592 (1923) creation of implied-in-fact contracts
Board of Trade of City of Chicago v. Olsen 262 U.S. 1 (1923) constitutionality of the Grain Futures Act under the Commerce Clause
Meyer v. Nebraska 262 U.S. 390 (1923) constitutionality of law prohibiting teaching of foreign languages; substantive due process
Frothingham v. Mellon 262 U.S. 447 (1923) rejection of taxpayer standing
Rindge Co. v. County of Los Angeles 262 U.S. 700 (1923) eminent domain and the building of a scenic road
Rooker v. Fidelity Trust Co. 263 U.S. 413 (1923) review of state court decisions by U.S. District Courts
Chung Fook v. White 264 U.S. 443 (1924) Interpretation of Immigration Act of 1917; marked end of era of strict plain meaning interpretation of statutes
United States v. Ninety-Five Barrels (More or Less) Alleged Apple Cider Vinegar 265 U.S. 438 (1924) legality of misleading but factually accurate packaging statements under the Pure Food and Drug Act
Carroll v. United States 267 U.S. 132 (1925) whether police searches of automobiles without a warrant violate the Fourth Amendment
Samuels v. McCurdy 267 U.S. 188 (1925) Whether the ban on continued possession of previously legal contraband (alcohol in this case) constitutes an ex post facto law
George W. Bush & Sons Co. v. Maloy 267 U.S. 317 (1925) Dormant Commerce Clause; states are not permitted to regulate common carriers engaged in interstate commerce on state highways
Linder v. United States 268 U.S. 5 (1925) prosecution of physicians under the Harrison Narcotics Tax Act
Irwin v. Gavit 268 U.S. 161 (1925) taxation of income from a trust
Pierce v. Society of Sisters 268 U.S. 510 (1925) privacy
Gitlow v. New York 268 U.S. 652 (1925) prosecution of seditious speech
Bowers v. Kerbaugh-Empire Co. 271 U.S. 170 (1926) taxation of reduced loss on exchanged currency
Myers v. United States 272 U.S. 52 (1926) Presidential authority to remove executive branch officials
Village of Euclid, Ohio v. Ambler Realty Co. 272 U.S. 365 (1926) zoning, due process
United States v. General Electric Co. 272 U.S. 476 (1926) patentee who grants a single license to a competitor to manufacture the patented product may lawfully fix the price at which the licensee may sell the product
Farrington v. Tokushige 273 U.S. 284 (1927) constitutionality of anti-foreign language statute in the Territory of Hawaii under the due process clause of the Fifth Amendment
Nixon v. Herndon 273 U.S. 536 (1927) challenging the white primaries in Texas
Buck v. Bell 274 U.S. 200 (1927) compulsory sterilization, eugenics
Hess v. Pawloski 274 U.S. 352 (1927) consent to in personam jurisdiction
Whitney v. California 274 U.S. 357 (1927) prosecution of criminal syndicalism
Gong Lum v. Rice 275 U.S. 78 (1927) admission of Chinese girl to school for White children in Mississippi
New Mexico v. Texas 275 U.S. 279 (1927) determination of the border between New Mexico and Texas
Miller v. Schoene 276 U.S. 272 (1928) Substantive due process, takings clause
Black and White Taxicab Co. v. Brown and Yellow Taxicab Co. 276 U.S. 518 (1928) what law is to be applied when courts sit in diversity jurisdiction
Olmstead v. United States 277 U.S. 438 (1928) admissibility of illegally-obtained phone wiretaps as evidence
Wisconsin v. Illinois 278 U.S. 367 (1930) federal power over state interests, Chicago Sanitary Canal
Taft v. Bowers 278 U.S. 470 (1929) taxation of a gift of shares of stock under the Sixteenth Amendment (Chief Justice Taft did not participate)
United States v. Schwimmer 279 U.S. 644 (1929) denial of naturalization to a pacifist, overruled by Girouard v. United States (1946)
Pocket Veto Case 279 U.S. 655 (1929) constitutionality of the pocket veto
Old Colony Trust Co. v. Commissioner 279 U.S. 716 (1929) third-party payment of income tax, effect of Revenue Act of 1926