List of United States death row inmates

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As of October 1, 2013, there were 3,088 death row inmates in the United States.[1] The number of death row inmates fluctuates daily with new convictions, appellate decisions, sentence commutations, deaths (through execution or otherwise), and exonerations.[2] Due to this fluctuation as well as lag and inconsistencies in inmate reporting procedures across jurisdictions, the information in this article may be out of date.

Demographics[edit]

Race of defendants on death row[edit]

  • White 1,334 (43.10%)
  • Black 1,291 (41.71%)
  • Latino/Latina 391 (12.63%)
  • Asian 45 (1.42%)
  • Native American 33 (1.07%)
  • Unknown 1 (0.03%)[3]

Gender of defendants on death row[edit]

Education[edit]

  • 51.7% have less than high school diploma or GED[4]

(comparatively, 84.1% of U.S. adults have a high school diploma or GED)[4]

Mental illness[edit]

  • 5-10% of death row inmates have a serious mental illness[5]

Time on death row[edit]

  • Median time, in years, a death row prisoner has been awaiting execution: 7.4[4]
  • Average time, in years, between imposition of sentence and execution: 11.8[4]
  • Longest time of death row: 39 years, Gary Alvord was on Florida's death row from 1973-2014[6]

Innocence[edit]

  • >4.1% of death row prisoners are estimated to be factually innocent

A study published in 2014 estimated the rate of wrongful conviction rate among death row inmates to be at least 4.1%. The figure was deliberately conservative, with the actual number likely higher.[7] Approximately 1.6% of death row inmates are exonerated.[8]

Likelihood of being executed[edit]

  • 13% of those who receive a death sentence are executed[8]

List of death row inmates by Jurisdiction[edit]

Federal[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 62 (as of 2014)
  • Total number executed: 37 (1927-2003)

Due to the high number of federal death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed on this page. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Marvin Gabrion Kidnapping and murder of 19-year-old Rachel Timmerman, of Cedar Springs, Michigan 12 years, 9 months and 9 days The murder took place in Michigan, which does not have the death penalty, but the body was found in Manistee National Forest, which is federal land. On appeal, his defense team argued that they should consider any reasonable doubt they have that the murder took place outside of the forest before being moved into the forest after death, which would make him ineligible for the death penalty
Alfonso Rodriguez, Jr. Rape and murder of Dru Sjodin in Grand Forks, North Dakota. 8 years, 3 months and 3 days Crossed state lines into Minnesota making a federal case.
Joseph E. Duncan III Murders of the Groene family in Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 6 years, 3 months and 28 days Duncan was convicted of the 2005 kidnappings and murders of members of the Groene family and sentenced to three death sentences and three life sentences. He is also serving 11 life sentences in conjunction with the same crimes as well as the 1997 murder of Anthony Martinez of Beaumont, California.[9] Duncan has confessed but not been charged with the 1996 murder of two girls in Seattle, Washington.[10]
David Paul Hammer Strangulation death of his cellmate, Andrew Marti 16 years, 5 months and 1 day Hammer was in prison for an incident in which he held hostages at a hospital while high on PCP as well as two prison escapes, including one in which he shot and wounded a man. In April 1996, Hammer tied Marti to the bed frame and gagged him with a pair of socks. Hammer then strangled Marti using a rope made of strips of braided sheets. Hammer pleaded guilty and was sentenced to death. In 2005, a judge lifted his death sentence, ruling that jurors had never heard evidence that might have led them to conclude the strangling was accidental. Among undisclosed evidence were 33 statements from other prison inmates, some of which indicated that Hammer had previously braided sheets into ropes for use during sex. "They were having rough sex, and David choked him - he accidentally choked him too hard," David's brother said, "But I don't think David was trying to murder him." He remains on death row pending a new trial that will determine if the death sentence will be enforced.[11][12]
Jurijus Kadamovas Ransom related kidnapping and murder of five people. 7 years, 9 months and 13 days Jurijus Kadamovas and Iouri Mikhel are Russian and Latvian immigrants sentenced to death row for ransom related kidnapping and murder of five people. The men allegedly demanded a total of more than $5.5 million from relatives and associates, and received more than $1 million from victim's relatives.[13][14] Prosecutors said the victims were killed regardless of whether the ransoms were paid. The bodies were tied with weights, and dumped in a reservoir near Yosemite National Park.[15]
Iouri Mikhel Ransom related kidnapping and murder of five people 7 years, 9 months and 13 days See above

United States Military[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 6[16]
  • Total number executed: 135 (1916 to present)[16]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Nidal Malik Hasan[17] Perpetrator of the Fort Hood shooting on November 5, 2009. 13 counts of premeditated murder and 32 counts of attempted murder. 1 year, 3 months and 27 days
Hasan Karim Akbar[17] (born Mark Fidel Kools) Multiple murder by hand grenade and shooting of two commissioned officers and 11 other servicemen in Kuwait on March 23, 2003 9 years, 7 months and 24 days
Ronald Arthur Gray[17] Multiple rape and murders of women at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, from December 15, 1986, to January 6, 1987 26 years, 5 months and 26 days Longest on the military's death row
Timothy B. Hennis[18] Triple murder by stabbing of a North Carolina woman and two of her children in 1985 4 years, 8 months and 10 days Previously convicted in 1986 by the State of North Carolina, retried and acquitted in 1989, and widely reported as exonerated; recalled to active duty for military court martial (as he had been in the U.S. Army at the time of the murders) under separate sovereignty (see Double jeopardy)
Dwight J. Loving[17] Multiple murder by shooting of two cab drivers on and near Fort Hood, Texas, on December 11, 1988 25 years, 8 months and 24 days
Andrew Paul Witt[17] Double murder by stabbing of a couple in their Robins Air Force Base, Georgia, home on July 5, 2004 9 years, 2 months and 24 days Only airman on the military's death row

Alabama[edit]

Due to the high number of death row inmates in Alabama, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Arizona[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 120 (2014)[21]
  • Total number executed: 126 (1800-2002)[22]

Due to the high number of death row inmates in Arizona, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Wendi Andriano Murder of her husband Joe 10 years and 3 days During the early morning hours of October 8, 2000, Wendi Andriano bludgeoned her 33 year-old husband Joe to death with a bar stool and stabbed him in the neck with a 13-inch knife in the couple's Ahwatukee, Arizona apartment. His autopsy revealed that he had sustained 23 blows to the skull, and traces of sodium azide were also found in his system.[23]

Approximately one hour before Joe's murder, his wife Wendi had called 911 at the behest of a co-worker, claiming that her terminally ill husband was dying. When paramedics arrived however, Wendi turned them away, stating that Joe had a do-not-resuscitate order, and that his wish was to die. Paramedics left the scene. One hour later, Wendi called 911 again, reporting that she had stabbed and beaten her husband to death in self-defense. She also made claims that her husband was physically and psychologically abusive toward her. However, being that Joe was weak from chemotherapy and the sodium azide poisoning, he was unable to defend himself. Wendi was charged with murder.[23]

Richard Djerf Murder of the Luna family 18 years, 7 months and 2 days Djerf and Albert Luna met and became friends while working at a Safeway supermarket. In January 1993, Luna burglarized Djerf's apartment. Djerf told police he suspected Luna, but they took no action. In September of that year, Djerf entered the Luna home and killed Luna, his wife, and their two children over the course of several hours.[24]
Mark Goudeau Series of rapes and murders 3 years and 25 days Goudeau is a serial killer and rapist, referred to as the Baseline Killer by law enforcement and media prior to his identification. Goudeau is believed to have committed nine counts of first degree murder (8 women, 1 man), in addition to 15 sexual assaults on women and young girls, 11 counts of kidnapping, and a number of armed robberies.[25][26]

Arkansas[edit]

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Chester Turner

California[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 745 (as of 2014)[27]
  • Total number executed: 719 (1700-2002)[22][27]

Due to the high number of California death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Lawrence Bittaker Serial killer in late 1970s, killed 5 teenage girls. 33 years, 10 months and 8 days
Rosie Alfaro
Richard Allen Davis Murder of Polly Klaas 18 years, 4 months and 20 days
Charles Ng Serial killer in 1985 16 years, 11 months and 24 days
Scott Peterson Murder of his pregnant wife Laci Peterson and child, Conner 9 years, 9 months and 9 days
Timothy Joseph McGhee Serial killer from 1997 to 2003, killed 12 people 5 years, 11 months and 16 days
Ryan Hoyt Murder of Nicholas Markowitz in 2000 2001
Randy Steven Kraft Rape, torture, mutilation and murder of a minimum of 16 young men in a series of killings spanning between 1972 and 1983, the majority of which had been committed in California. 1989
Richard Farley Shot and killed 7 people and wounded 4 others 22 years, 11 months and 8 days
Rodney Alcala five murders committed between 1977 and 1979. 4 years, 8 months and 25 days Rodney Alcala's victim count is unknown. He has been convicted of 7 homicides. Some sources estimate the number to be as high as 130.[28][29]
Vincent Brothers September 27, 2007 7 years, 2 months and 28 days
Albert Greenwood Brown Brown was convicted for the abduction, rape, and murder of 15-year old Susan Louise Jordan on her way to school. Brown posed as a jogger and dragged her into the woods. He strangled her with her shoelace. Brown then made numerous calls to the Riverside Police Department and the Jordan residence. One of Brown's subsequent calls was recorded by a police officer. "Hello, Mrs. Jordan, Susie isn't home from school yet, is she? You will never see your daughter again. You can find her body on the corner of Victoria and Gibson." Brown was arrested after witnesses identified his license plate number. In his residence, police found Susan's books, a newspaper article about the case, and a Riverside telephone book bookmarked to the page of the Jordan home. Brown was late to work on the day she disappeared, a bloody jogging suit was found in his locker and Brown's shoes were matched to footprints from the crime scene. 32 years, 9 months and 23 days Prior to his arrest for Jordan's murder, he was previously convicted of molesting an 11 year old and a 14 year old girl. The latter of which he was on parole for at the time of the Jordan murder.[30]
David Carpenter Carpenter was convicted of the murders of four women and one man in 1979-1980 on hiking trails near San Francisco, California. He is known as the Trailside Killer. He is suspected in the murders of at least two other women. In 2009, DNA evidence on evidence from another murder victim, Mary Frances Bennett, was identified as matching Carpenter's DNA. 30 years, 5 months and 19 days
Dean Carter
Cynthia Coffman
Kevin Cooper (inmate)
Tiequon Cox
Kerry Lyn Dalton
Donald Dillbeck
Scott Erskine
Wayne Adam Ford Ford was arrested after he walked into the Humboldt County Sheriff Department in Eureka, California in November 1998 with a woman's severed breast in his pocket. He confessed to having killed four women in 1997 and 1998, and is thought to have killed others
Phillip Carl Jablonski
Gunner Lindberg
Andrew Mickel
Michael Morales
Cleophus Prince Jr.

Connecticut[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 11[31]
  • Total number executed: 126 (1608–2005)[22]

Note: In 2012, the death penalty was abolished for future crimes in Connecticut; however, the law was not retroactive, leaving ten people on death row who could still be executed.[31] However, in 2014, Richard Roszkowski was sentenced to Connecticut's death row for a crime he had committed in 2006, prior to the new law. As a result, Connecticut now holds eleven prisoners on its death row.

Name Description of Crime Time on Death Row Notes
Lazale Ashby[32] Rape and murder of his 21-year-old neighbor, Elizabeth Garcia, in her Hartford apartment on December 2, 2002. The crime occurred four days after Ashby's 18th birthday. 6 years, 8 months and 27 days
Robert Breton[32] Two counts of murder and one count of capital felony for the December 13, 1987, beating and stabbing deaths of his 38-year-old ex-wife, JoAnn Breton, and their 16-year-old son, Robert Breton, Jr. 25 years, 1 month and 28 days Breton's original death sentence was overturned in 1995. He was sentenced again in 1998.
Jessie Campbell III[32] Murder, attempted murder, first-degree assault, and weapons violations for the August 26, 2000, shooting deaths in Hartford of 20-year-old LaTaysha Logan and 18-year-old Desiree Privette and the shooting of Privette's aunt, Carolyn Privette. 7 years, 4 months and 9 days
Sedrick "Ricky" Cobb[32] Rape and murder of 23-year-old Julia Ashe of Watertown, whom he kidnapped from a Waterbury department store parking lot on December 16, 1989. 23 years, 3 months and 1 day
Steven Hayes[32] Sentenced to death on all six possible death-penalty counts: killing Jennifer Hawke-Petit and Michaela and Hayley [Petit] in the course of a single action; killing a child under the age of 16; killing Hawke-Petit in the course of a kidnapping; killing Hayley in the course of a kidnapping; killing Michaela in the course of a kidnapping; and killing Hawke-Petit in the course of a sexual assault. 4 years and 23 days See Cheshire, Connecticut, home invasion murders.
Joshua Komisarjevsky[32] Sentenced to death on all six possible death-penalty counts: killing Jennifer Hawke-Petit and Michaela and Hayley [Petit] in the course of a single action; killing a child under the age of 16; killing Hawke-Petit in the course of a kidnapping; killing Hayley in the course of a kidnapping; killing Michaela in the course of a kidnapping; and killing Hawke-Petit in the course of a sexual assault. 3 years and 16 days See Cheshire, Connecticut, home invasion murders.
Russell Peeler, Jr.[32] Ordering his younger brother to kill Karen Clarke and her eight-year-old son, Leroy "B.J." Brown, Junior, in their Bridgeport duplex on January 8, 1999. The boy was expected to be the key witness against Peeler in the fatal shooting of Clarke's boyfriend. 7 years and 15 days Peeler is the only inmate on Connecticut's Death Row who did not actually commit murder.[33] Rather, he ordered his brother to commit the murder.
Richard Reynolds[32] Murder of 34-year-old Waterbury Police Officer Walter T. Williams. 19 years, 8 months and 12 days
Todd Rizzo[32] The 1997 murder of 13-year-old Stanley Edwards of Waterbury. He lured Edwards into his backyard under the guise of hunting snakes and then hit him 13 times with a three-pound sledgehammer. 15 years, 4 months and 12 days The Connecticut Supreme Court ordered a new penalty hearing in Rizzo's case in 2003, but he was sentenced to death again in 2005.
Richard Roszkowski[34] Roszkowski was convicted of capital felony and murder for fatally shooting his 39-year-old ex-girlfriend, Holly Flannery, her 9-year-old daughter, Kylie, and 38-year-old Thomas Gaudet in 2006. Police said Roszkowski stalked Flannery after she broke up with him and falsely believed she and Gaudet were romantically involved. 9 months and 8 days Roszkowski was sentenced to death in 2009. However, a judge overturned the sentence because of an error made during jury instructions and ordered a new penalty phase. In 2014, a jury once again recommended execution for Roszkowski.
Eduardo Santiago[32]
Not currently on Death Row
(re-trial pending to determine sentence)
Santiago was convicted of capital felony and murder charges after shooting Joseph Niwinski in the left temple as he slept in his West Hartford apartment on December 14, 2000. Prosecutors said Santiago carried out a murder-for-hire scheme in which he agreed to kill Niwinski in exchange for a broken snowmobile and his credit card debt being paid off.[35] Not currently on Death Row
(re-trial pending to determine sentence)
Santiago had been condemned to death on January 31, 2005.[36] However, the Connecticut Supreme Court overturned Santiago's death sentence on June 4, 2012, and ruled that the trial judge, Elliot Solomon, failed to disclose "significant and relevant" mitigating evidence for jury consideration when they had decided to send Santiago to death row in 2005. The court let Santiago's conviction stand and ordered a new trial.[37]
Daniel Webb[32] Kidnapping and murder for the 1989 slaying in Hartford of Diane Gellenbeck, a 37-year-old Connecticut National Bank vice president.[1] 23 years, 3 months and 13 days Prior to this, Webb already had an extensive criminal record including a 1983 robbery conviction, 1984 rape and kidnapping conviction, and an arrest in 1987 for rape. While out on bail after the 1987 arrest, he murdered Gellenbeck.

Colorado[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 3 (as of 2013)[22]
  • Total number executed: 102 (1800-2002)[22][27]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Nathan Dunlap[38] Murdered 4 people during a robbery at a Chuck E. Cheese. 18 years, 7 months and 8 days
Sir Mario Owens[38] Murdered a witness and his fiance who was going to testify against his friend for a murder. 6 years, 6 months and 9 days
Robert Ray[38] Ordered the killing of witnesses in his pending murder trial, Co-defendant of Sir Mario Owens 4 years, 7 months and 20 days

Florida[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 396 (as of 2014)[39]
  • Total number executed: 367 (1800-2002)[22][27]

Due to the high number of Florida death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Bobby Joe Long Serial killer who murdered 10 women in Tampa, Florida area. Also linked to dozens of rapes in Florida and California that were never prosecuted. 28 years and  6 months Also received numerous life sentences for some of his murders and rapes
Emilia Carr Kidnapping and murder of a woman in February 2009 4 years and 18 days One of five women on death row in Florida
Gary Ray Bowles
Lucious Boyd
Tiffany Cole
Daniel Conahan
Rory Enrique Conde
Paul Durousseau
Kevin Foster
Eddie James
Phillup Partin
Franklin Delano Floyd Murder of Cheryl Ann Commesso Commesso was working as an exotic dancer in Florida when she disappeared in 1989. Floyd, whose wife worked with Commesso, was a prime suspect in her disappearance. Floyd's wife, Sharon Marshall, died soon after in a mysterious hit-and-run incident and their son, Michael, was put into foster care. Floyd kidnapped Michael and fled with him. Floyd was captured, but Michael was not with him and is presumed deceased. Floyd is the prime suspect in the deaths of both Michael and Sharon. It was discovered that his wife Sharon was raised as his daughter and is herself a kidnap victim herself of Floyd's. Floyd was convicted of Commesso's murder after photos of her beaten body were found in Floyd's vehicle.

Georgia[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 85 (as of 2014)[40]
  • Total number executed: 976 (1700-2002)[22][27]

Due to the high number of Georgia death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Warren Lee Hill[41][42][43] Murder by beating of his sleeping cellmate Joseph Handspike on August 17, 1990. 23 years, 4 months and 23 days Was serving life without parole for the 1986 murder of his girlfriend at the time of the 1990 murder. He was scheduled to be executed on July 18, 2012 despite having a confirmed IQ of around 70 (making him intellectually disabled).
Carlton Gary

Idaho[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 12 (2014)[41]
  • Total number executed: 29 (since 1864)[41]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Azad Haji Abdullah[41][44] Murder by arson of his wife and attempted murder of their four children in Boise on October 5, 2002 10 years, 1 month and 2 days
David Leslie Card[41][45] Murder by shooting of a Nampa newscarrier couple on June 5, 1988 25 years, 3 months and 24 days Denied retrial in 2010.[46][47]
Thomas Eugene Creech[41][48] Murder by beating of an inmate on May 13, 1981 31 years, 11 months and 24 days Previously on Idaho's death row; in 1977 the U.S. Supreme Court overturned Idaho's previous death penalty on his appeal.
Timothy Alan Dunlap[41][49] Murder by shooting of a Soda Springs bank teller during a robbery on October 16, 1991 22 years, 8 months and 5 days Also sentenced by Ohio for murdering his girlfriend.[50]
Zane Jack Fields[41][51] Murder by stabbing of a Boise store owner during a robbery February 11, 1988 23 years, 4 months and 24 days
James Harvey Hairston[41][52] Murder by shooting and robbery of an elderly Downey couple on January 6, 1996 18 years, 1 month and 24 days Denied retrial in 2010.[46][47]
Erick Virgil Hall[41][53] Murder and rape of two women on September 24, 2000 and in 2003 August 2004 10 years, 4 months and 24 days
Michael Allen Jauhola[41][54] Murder by beating of an inmate on April 16, 1998 13 years, 7 months and 24 days
Darrell Payne[41][55] 1st degree murder for the death of a woman in Ada County 12 years, 7 months and 24 days
Gerald Ross Pizzuto, Jr.[41][56] Murder by beating of a Marsing woman and her nephew in July 1985 28 years, 7 months and 24 days Denied retrial in 2010.[46][47]
Robin Lee Row[41][57] Murder by arson of her husband and their two children in February 1992 21 years and 24 days Only woman on Idaho's death row; housed at the Pocatello Women's Correctional Center.
Gene Francis Stuart[41][58] Murder by torture of his girlfriend's three year old son in September 1981 December 1982 32 years and 24 days Denied retrial in 2010.[46][47]

Indiana[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 13 (2014)[59]
  • Total number executed: 140 (1800-2002)[22]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
William Gibson Gibson pled guilty in 2013 for the sexual assault and bludgeoning death of Christine Whitis, a family friend who had come to his New Albany home to console Gibson after his mother's death.[59] 1 year, 1 month and 14 days Gibson has pled guilty to three murders. After he was arrested for Whitis' murder, police excavated Gibson’s yard to recover the body of Stephanie Kirk, a 35-year-old Charlestown woman who disappeared in 2012. He also admitted to fatally stabbing Karen Hodella of Port Orange, Florida, in October 2002. At sentencing, in response to being sentenced to death, he replied “I deserve what I’m getting. It ain’t no big deal.” He is known for his signature handlebar mustache.[60][61]
Frederick M. Baer Convicted of the murder of 26 year old Cory Clark, murder of her 4 year old daughter. Clark later admitted that he intended to rape Clark, but decided not to go through with it for fear of disease. He decided to go through with the murders to avoid being identified.[59] 9 years, 6 months and 16 days Baer appealed the verdict on the basis that he suffers from multiple serious mental illnesses, cognitive impairments, substance induced psychotic disorder, and schizotypal, paranoid, and borderline personality disorders. Dr. Philip Harvey, a neuropsychologist with a specialty in psychosis, diagnosed Baer with persisting dementia, most likely the result of his substance abuse as well as substance induced psychosis. Baer contends the combination of these illnesses meant Baer was under an extreme mental or emotional disturbance at the time of the crime which affected his ability to conform his conduct. Dr. George Savarese concluded that Baer could understand his conduct, but had no ability to control his behavior.[59][62]
Debra Brown Along with Alton Coleman, Brown was convicted of several murders as part of a midwestern crime spree. Coleman was executed in 2002.[59] 28 years, 6 months and 2 days Despite being on death row in Indiana, Brown is being held in Ohio on unrelated murder charges.[59]
Joseph Edward Corcoran Corcoran was living with his brother, sister, and his sister's fiance. He became enraged when he heard his brother, future brother in law, and two of his brother's friends talking about him. After putting his 7-year-old niece in an upstairs bedroom to protect her, he loaded his semiautomatic rifle and fatally shot the four men. He then went to a neighbor's house and asked them to call police.[59] 15 years, 3 months and 29 days Corcoran suffers from paranoid schizophrenia and has had ongoing issues with delusions and auditory hallucination. When asked why he was not pursuing post conviction relief, he stated: "I want to waive my appeals because I am guilty of murder. I think that I should be executed for what I have done...I am guilty of murder. I should be executed. That is all there is to it. That is what I believe. I believe the death penalty is a just punishment for four counts of murder, and I believe that I should be executed since I am guilty of four counts of murder."[63]
Eric D. Holmes Holmes was fired from his job at a restaurant after an argument with co-worker Amy Foshee. At closing on the day of his firing, Holmes waited in the parking lot with Michael Vance. Holmes and Vance attacked Foshee and 2 managers as they exited the building, stabbing them multiple times, and stealing the bank deposit money. Blosl and Ervin died; Foshee survived. Vance was tried separately and sentenced to 190 years.[59] 21 years, 8 months and 29 days
Kevin Isom In response to learning his wife was planning to leave him, Isom shot his wife and his two stepchildren. He then barricaded himself in the family's apartment and shot at police officers attempting to take him into custody.[59] 1 year, 9 months and 17 days Isom's defense attorney argued that a death sentence was inappropriate given the emotional state of his client, who suffered an extreme emotional disturbance from losing his job and then being left by his wife. He also pointed out that Isom had a stressful upbringing growing up in gang-ridden projects in Chicago. Despite this Isom had no significant criminal history and lived a productive life.[64]
Wayne D. Kubsch Kubsch's wife Elizabeth was found stabbed to death in the basement of the family home along with the bodies of her ex-husband and one of her sons. Kubsch took out a $575,000 life insurance policy on Elizabeth two months before the murders. Prosecutors found that Kubsch had more than $400,000 in debt and alleged that this was a motive for the murders.[59] 14 years, 3 months and 27 days
Paul Michael McManus Divorce papers were served on him at his mother's house on the day of the murders of his wife Melissa and the couple's two daughters. After the murders, he jumped off a bridge in a suicide attempt, but survived. McManus had told acquaintances the weekend before the murders to "watch the papers" because he was going to "do something big.[59] 12 years, 6 months and 20 days McManus unsuccessfully attempted to use an insanity defense at trial. Police retrieved a cassette tape recorded by McManus that said: "Well, if you're listening to this tape, I guess I've done what I had to do. I don't expect you guys to understand, but I had to do it․ I want you to make sure that I am buried with my kids and my wife. No matter what, I want you to make sure that happens."[65]
Michael Dean Overstreet Kelly Eckart, an 18-year-old freshman at Franklin College, was last seen on September 27, 1997 after leaving work. The next morning, her car was found abandoned in a rural area, with its lights on and keys in the ignition. She was found in a ravine in Brown County four days later. She also had been shot and strangled. Semen found on the body was matched to Overstreet. 14 years, 4 months and 24 days Overstreet suffers from schizoaffective disorder and suffered from hallucination as a child including "demons". He was discharged from the marines on the basis of mental illness.[59]
Tommy R. Pruitt Pruitt was pulled over by Morgan County Deputy Dan Starnes, who was investigating Pruitt for involvement in a burglary a few days earlier. Pruitt exited the vehicle and pulled a .45-caliber handgun. Starnes died after being shot five times by Pruitt. Pruitt was shot seven times but recovered. 11 years, 1 month and 4 days Pruitt has an IQ of 60, putting him in the range of mental retardation and suffers from paranoid schizophrenia.[66]
Benjamin Ritchie Ritchie was involved in a police chase after he was spotted driving a stolen vehicle. The chase ended when he wrecked the vehicle and proceeded on foot before shooting officer William Toney in the chest.[59] 12 years, 2 months and 10 days Ritchie suffers from a number of cognitive and emotional disorders. He has bipolar disorder and a non-specified cognitive disorder. The cause of the physiological defect was not identified, but experts speculated that several past serious head injuries, his mother's heavy use of drugs and alcohol during pregnancy, his own history of drug use, and a history of abuse throughout his childhood.[67]
John M. Stephenson Stephenson was convicted of the murders of Jay Tyler, 29, and his wife, Kathy, 29, and another woman named Brandy Southard, 21. Prosecutors allege that the trio were chased in their car to an intersection in rural Warrick County, where they were shot and then stabbed. Stephenson also was convicted of an earlier burglary at Southard's residence. His 8 month trial was, at the time, the longest and most expensive in Indiana history. Sister Helen Prejean, who was portrayed in the movie "Dead Man Walking," testified at his sentencing hearing. 17 years, 6 months and 8 days Stephenson maintains his innocence, alleging that the witnesses who testified against him are lying and that a surveillance tape proving he was at a convenience store was hidden by police. In his statement to police, Stephenson claimed that he spoke to the victims at a convenience store, went to another residence, and then went home. The investigating officer visited the Circle S to view surveillance footage to corroborate his statement. The officer testified at trial that the footage had been erased by the time he arrived. Lisa Huddleston, the clerk at Circle S, claims she indeed reviewed the footage with a police officer and saw both Stephenson and one of the victims on the tape. His appeal was denied.[68]
Roy Lee Ward Ward was convicted of the rape and murder of a 15 year old girl in her home. Her 14-year old sister was sleeping upstairs when she heard the screams of her sister. She called 911. Police found Ward still in the home when they arrived. 12 years and 7 days Ward's first conviction was overturned in 2004 on the basis that pretrial publicity tainted the jury pool. He was again convicted and sentenced to death. Ward has been diagnosed with a number of psychiatric disorders including exhibitionism, antisocial personality disorder, and ADHD.[69]
Jeffrey A. Weisheit Weisheit was convicted for setting a fire that killed the two children of his girlfriend. After his arrest, Weisheit admitted stuffing a dish towel in Caleb's mouth and using duct tape to bind his arms behind his back. Two flares were found near the boy's body. Autopsies revealed the children were alive when the fire was set. He told police he did it because Caleb was misbehaving on the night before the fire.[70] 1 year, 5 months and 14 days Weisheit suffers from bipolar disorder.[59]

Kansas[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 9[71]
  • Total number executed: (1800-2002)[22]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Gary Kleypas 1996 rape-murder of Carrie Williams in Pittsburg, Kansas. The Kansas Supreme Court, in its review of his case, found serious problems with the death penalty statute and required that the penalty phase of the Kleypas case be revisited. (Crawford County) The sentence was overturned in 2001, and the new sentencing trial was held in Wyandotte County in 2008. On September 15, 2008, a jury again sentenced Kleypas to death The Kansas Supreme Court, in its review of his case, found serious errors with the death penalty statute and required that the penalty phase of the Kleypas case be redone. The sentence was overturned in 2001. In 2008, he was re-sentenced Kleypas to death
Reginald Carr 2000 murders of Jason Befort, Brad Heyka, Heather Muller, and Aaron Sander as well as Ann Walenta four days earlier
Jonathan Carr convicted of the same five murders as his brother Reginald.
John E.Robinson, Sr capital murder convictions in the deaths of Izabel Lewicka and Suzette Trouten, first degree murder in the case of Lisa Stasi, who disappeared in 1985
Douglas Belt capital murder, attempted rape and aggravated arson in the killing of Lucille Gallegos in west Wichita November 2004
Sidney Gleason deaths of Miki Martinez and Darren Wormkey in February 2004 July 2006
Scott Cheever murder of Sheriff Matt Samuels in January 2005 November 2007
Justin Thurber 2007 killing of 19-year-old college student Jodi Sanderholm 2009
James Kraig Kahler murder of his wife, Karen Kahler, his two daughters, Lauren and Emily Kahler, and his wife’s grandmother, Dorothy Wight. October 2011

Kentucky[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 33 (as of 2014)[72]
  • Total number executed: 426 (as of 2002)[22]

Due to the high number of Kentucky death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Ralph Baze Sued Kentucky State Department of Corrections on the grounds that execution by lethal injection using the "cocktail" prescribed by Kentucky law constitutes cruel and unusual punishment in violation of the 8th Amendment. See Baze v. Rees
Thomas Clyde Bowling Jr. 1990, murders of Tina and Eddie Earley Along with Ralph Baze, Bowling sued Kentucky State Department of Corrections.

Louisiana[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 88 (2014)
  • Total number executed: 658 (1700-2002)[22]

Note: A full list of Louisiana death row inmates is not available.

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Antoinette Frank Murdered 3 people at a restaurant where she worked as security guard 1995 was a police officer

Maryland[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 5 (2014)
  • Total number executed: 312 (1608-2002)[22]

Note: In 2013, the death penalty in Maryland was abolished. However, the law was not retroactive leaving five inmates who may still be executed.

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
John Booth-El[73] Double murder by stabbing an elderly couple during a robbery of their Baltimore home on May 20, 1983 30 years, 2 months and 7 days Vacated in 1987; resentenced May 27, 1988; vacated 1989; resentenced August 17, 1990
Heath William Burch[73] Double murder of an elderly neighbor couple by stabbing and bludgeoning in their home 18 years, 8 months and 26 days One vacated in 1997, as they had been submitted on one verdict card
Vernon Lee Evans, Jr.[73](hired by Anthony Grandison, Sr.) Double murder for hire shooting of a scheduled witness and the witness' sister-in-law (mistaken for her sister) in a Baltimore County motel on April 28, 1983 30 years, 7 months and 10 days Both sentences vacated 1991; resentenced November 15, 1992
Anthony Grandison, Sr.[73](hired Vernon Lee Evans, Jr.) Double murder for hire shooting of a scheduled witness and the witness' sister-in-law (mistaken for her sister) in a Baltimore County motel on April 28, 1983 18 years, 6 months and 19 days Vacated in July 1992; resentenced June 1994
Jody Lee Miles[73] Robbery and murder by shooting of a theater manager on April 2, 1997 16 years, 9 months and 6 days

Missouri[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 42 (2014)[74]
  • Total number executed: 340 (1800-2002)[22]

Due to the high number of death row inmates in Missouri, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Lisa M. Montgomery Lisa was convicted of the 2004 murder of Bobbie Jo Stinnett, who was pregnant, and stealing her unborn child. 6 years, 8 months and 21 days

Mississippi[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 49 (2014)[75]
  • Total number executed: 357 (1800-2002)[22]

Due to the high number of death row inmates in Mississippi, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Montana[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 2 (2014)[76]
  • Total number executed: 73 (1800-2002)[22][76]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
William Jay Gollehon[76] Murder by bludgeoning of an inmate during a riot in 1991 1992
Ronald Allen Smith[76] Kidnap and murder by shooting of two Native American men in the fall of 1982 March 1983 Only Canadian on death row in the United States[77]

New Hampshire[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 1 (2014)
  • Total number executed: 24 (1700-2002)[22]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Michael "Stix" Kiser Addison[78] Murder by shooting of an on-duty police officer on October 16, 2006 December 2008 New Hampshire's only death row inmate

Nebraska[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 11 (2014)
  • Total number executed: 34 (1866-2002)[22]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Carey Dean Moore Murdered two cab drivers in the course of two separate robberies June 1980
John Lotter Triple murder of a prior sexual assault victim and two innocent bystanders February 1996

[79]

Nevada[edit]

  • Currently on death row:
  • Total number executed:[22]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Zane Floyd

New Mexico[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 2 (2014)
  • Total number executed: 73 (1800-2002)[22]

Note: On March 18, 2009, New Mexico became the 15th state without a death penalty when then-Governor Bill Richardson signed the law replacing New Mexico's death penalty with life without parole.[80] The law was not made retroactive; the two inmates on death row at the time remain there.

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Timothy Allen[80] Kidnapping, rape, and murder by strangulation of a teenage girl in 1994 1995 Confined at the Central New Mexico Facility in Los Lunas
Robert Ray Fry[80] Murder by bludgeoning and stabbing of a Shiprock mother in 2000 2002 Confined at the Penitentiary of New Mexico in Santa Fe

North Carolina[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 154 (2014)[81]
  • Total number executed: 802 (1608-2002)[22]

Due to the high number of North Carolina death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Blanche Taylor Moore

Ohio[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 138 (July 2, 2014)[82]
  • Total number executed: 443 (1700-2002)([22][27]

Due to the high number of Ohio death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Romell Broom

Oklahoma[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 50 (2014)[83]
  • Total number executed: 183 (1800-2002)[22]

Due to the high number of Oklahoma death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Oregon[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 36 (2014)[84]
  • Total number executed: 124 (1800-2002)[22]

Due to the high number of Oregon death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Gary Haugen Murder of fellow prison inmate, David Polin, while serving a previous life sentence for murder of Mary Archer, his former girlfriend's mother 3 years, 1 month and 7 days[85] Confined at the Oregon State Penitentiary in Salem

Current Oregon Governor, John Kitzhaber, has placed a moratorium on all executions for the duration of his term as 37th governor,[86] which has upset the victims of Haugen,[87] Gary Haugen himself,[88] as well as Oregonians who voted in favor of Ballot Measures 6 and 7 in the 1984 General Elections.[89] It is estimated that the case of Gary Haugen cost Oregon tax payers over $1.2 million, according to the Statesman Journal.[90]

Christian Michael Longo Murder of his wife and three children. 11 years, 8 months and 9 days
Bruce Turnidge (Father) Woodburn Bank Bombing which killed Oregon State Trooper Bill Hakim and Woodburn Police Captain Tom Tennant 4 years and 3 days[91]
Joshua Turnidge (Son) Woodburn Bank Bombing which killed Oregon State Trooper Bill Hakim and Woodburn Police Captain Tom Tennant 4 years and 3 days[91]
Dayton Leroy Rogers Rogers was convicted in May 1989 for the murders of 23-year-old Lisa Marie Mock, 26-year-old Maureen Ann Hodges, 35-old Christine Lotus Adams, 20- year-old Cynthia Devore, 26-year-old Nondace "Noni" Cervantes, and 16-year-old Riatha Gyles. Original sentencing date: 6/09/89


Pennsylvania[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 190 (June 1, 2014)[92]
  • Total number executed: 1043(1608-2002)[22]

Due to the high number of Pennsylvania death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
George Banks Killing spree—13 people in 1982 May 12, 2010, Banks was declared incompetent to be executed
Richard Baumhammers Former attorney who began a racially motivated crime spree on April 28, 2000 in Pittsburgh, killing five, one paralyzed.
Cool C

South Carolina[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 48 (2013)[93][94]
  • Total number executed: 668(1700-2002)[22]

Due to the high number of South Carolina death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

South Dakota[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 5 (2012)[95]
  • Total number executed: 16 [96]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Charles Russell Rhines[96] Murder by torture of a male store clerk during a robbery in 1992 21 years, 10 months and 29 days

Tennessee[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 74[97]
  • Total number executed: 335[22]

Due to the high number of Tennessee death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Christa Pike

Texas[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 287 (2013)[98]
  • Total number executed: 1,031[22]

Due to the high number of Texas death row inmates, only prisoners with Wikipedia pages are listed in this article. A full list is externally linked:

Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Duane Buck Murder of ex-girlfriend Debra Gardner and her friend Kenneth Butler 17 years, 7 months and 20 days Buck was convicted of the murder of his ex-girlfriend and another man, as well as the non-fatal shooting of his own sister. In 2011, the US supreme court reviewed his sentencing on allegations that his right to a fair trial was violated after a psychologist testified at the trial that African-American have a higher risk of "future dangerousness". In Texas, the prosecution must prove that the defendant poses a continuing threat to society to impose a death penalty and the prosecutor used this testimony to argue that risk. The supreme court denied his request. Justices Sotamayor and Kagan dissented. Sotamayor commented that Buck's sentence was "marred by racial overtones" and that "our criminal justice system should not tolerate."[99]
Andre Thomas Murdered estranged wife, four year old son, and 13 month old daughter on March 27, 2004. 9 years, 1 month and 22 days Removed right eye on April 1, 2004. Removed and consumed his left eye on December 9, 2008.
Darlie Routier Murder of her two sons in 1996 17 years, 10 months and 20 days Routier's case has attracted the attention of wrongful conviction advocacy groups in recent years. She is currently in the process of raising funds to test evidence found at the scene for DNA.[100][101]
Brittany Holberg Holberg robbed and murdered an 80 year old white male in his home. The victim was struck with a hammer and stabbed nearly 60 times. The weapons used were: a paring knife, a butcher knife, a grapefruit knife, and a fork. A lamp pole had been shoved more than 5 inches down the victim's throat. 16 years, 7 months and 23 days
Johnny Paul Penry Raped and stabbed 22-year-old Pamela Moseley Carpenter (sister of American football star Mark Moseley), who died of her wounds on October 25, 1979. 34 years, 8 months and 16 days Involved in court cases which have to do with mentally retarded individuals and their culpability for murder (Penry v. Johnson).
Rodney Reed On April 23, 1996, during the nighttime, Reed strangled and killed a 20-year-old white female during an aggravated sexual assault. Reed was identified by DNA taken from the crime scene. 16 years, 6 months and 26 days

Utah[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 9[94]
  • Total number executed: 49(1800-2002)[22]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Michael Anthony Archuleta[94] Murder by torture of a Cedar Canyon man on November 21, 1988 25 years and 4 days
Douglas Stewart Carter[94] Murder by stabbing and shooting of an elderly woman during a burglary of her Provo home on February 27, 1985 28 years, 11 months and 28 days
Taberone Dave Honie*[94] Murder and sexual assault of his ex-girlfriend's mother on July 9, 1998 15 years, 7 months and 5 days
Troy Michael Kell*[94] Murder by stabbing of an inmate on July 6, 1994 18 years, 4 months and 17 days
Ronald Watson Lafferty*[94] Murder by stabbing of his sister-in-law and infant niece in American Fork on July 24, 1984 29 years, 7 months and 18 days
Douglas Anderson Lovell[94] Murder of a South Ogden rape victim before she could testify against him in his trial on that charge. 21 years, 4 months and 20 days Utah Supreme Court decision in 2010, Utah case No. 20030262 Utah v. Lovell allowed his 1993 request to withdraw his original guilty plea
Floyd Eugene Maestas[94] Sexual assault and murder by stabbing, strangulation, beating, and stomping of an elderly woman on September 28, 2004 6 years, 10 months and 19 days
Ralph Leroy Menzies*[94] Kidnapping and murder by strangulation of a female gas station attendant in Kearns on February 23, 1986 26 years, 9 months and 2 days
Von Lester Taylor[94] Murder of a woman and her mother near Beaver Springs, attempted murder by shooting and arson of the younger woman's husband, and kidnapping of the two daughters of the man and younger woman on December 14, 1990 23 years, 7 months and 1 day

Virginia[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 8[102]
  • Total number executed: 1361(1608-2002)[22]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
William Burns Murder/Rape
Anthony Juniper Capital murder
Ivan Teleguz Murder for hire
Ricky Javon Gray Capital murder-2 count
Thomas A. Porter Capital murder-2 counts
William Morva Capital murder-2 counts
Alfred R. Prieto Capital murder
Mark E. Lawlor Capital murder

Washington[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 9 (2014)[103]
  • Total number executed: 74 (since 1904)[104]
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Dayva Michael Cross[105] Triple murder by stabbing of his wife and two teen stepdaughters on March 6, 1999 June 22, 2001
Cecil Emile Davis[105] Rape and murder by asphyxiation and suffocation of an elderly woman during a burglary of her home on January 25, 1997 February 6, 1998
Clark Richard Elmore[105] Rape and murder of his girlfriend's teen daughter on April 17, 1995 July 6, 1995
Johnathan Lee Gentry[105] Murder by bludgeoning of a 13 year old female on June 13, 1988 June 26, 1991
Conner Michael Schierman[105] Multiple murder of a mother and her two young children, and the woman's sister on July 16, 2006 April 12, 2010
Darold Ray Stenson[105] Multiple murder by shooting of his wife and his business partner on March 25, 1993 August 11, 1994
Dwayne A. Woods[105] Multiple murder of two women on April 27, 1996 June 20, 1997
Robert Lee Yates, Jr.[105] Multiple murder of two women in 1997 and 1998 Convicted September 19, 2002; sentenced October 4, 2002 Concurrently serving 408 years for the murders of 13 other women[106]

Wyoming[edit]

  • Currently on death row: 1 (2014)
  • Total number executed: 23 (1866-2002)
Name Description of crime Time on death row Other
Dale Wayne Eaton[107] Kidnapping, robbery, sexual assault, and murder by bludgeoning and stabbing of a Billings, Montana woman in March 1988 2004 Wyoming's only death row inmate

Recent removals from death row[edit]

This chart includes people who have exited death row in the past calendar year through sentence commutation, verdict reversal, natural death, or execution. This is not an exhaustive list.

Name Date of removal State Description of crime Time on death row Reason Notes
Henry Lee McCollum September 2, 2014 North Carolina Rape and murder of 11-year-old Sabrina Buie 30 years Exoneration McCollum and his half brother Leon Brown were convicted on the basis of confessions, which they allege were coerced. The men were 15 and 19 at the time. After spending 30 years on death row, DNA from the crime scene connected another man, Roscoe Artis to the murder. Artis is serving a life sentence for another rape and murder committed a few miles away from the Buie murder.[108]
Willie Trottie September 10, 2014 Texas Murder of his estranged common law wife Barbara Canada and her brother Titus 21 years Execution[109]
Askari Muhammad January 7, 2014 Florida 30 years Execution
Michael Wilson January 9, 2014 Oklahoma 16 Execution
Manuel Velez October 8, 2014 Texas Velez was convicted of the murder of the 1-year-old son of his girlfriend Exoneraton Velez was convicted of the murder of Angel Moreno, the son of a girlfriend who he had recently moved in with. The state alleged that the child died of head trauma inflicted no more than a few hours before he was found unconscious. The child's mother pleaded to a lesser charge in exchange for a reduced sentence and testified against Velez at his trial. Following his conviction, his defense team found a report that had been overlooked by his previous counsel. A neuropathologist determined that the brain injury was at least two weeks old. The timing of the injury was critical. Velez was working out of state and had only moved in with the family well after the injury was determined to have been sustained. Members of the child's mother's family testified that they had witnessed neglect and abuse by her towards her children. He is considered by many to have been wrongfully convicted, but the prosecution decided to retry the case. They reached a plea deal of reckless injury to a child and sentenced to time served.[110]
Michelle Byrom Murder for hire of her husband 14 years Conviction overturned Byrom was convicted of murder for hire in the death of her husband, who she alleges was abusive. At trial, prosecutors alleged that she organized a hit on her husband in 1999 while Michelle was in the hospital with pneumonia. Her son has reportedly told a number of people, including a court appointed psychologist that he committed the crime alone after years of physical and verbal abuse by his father. He had testified against his mother at trial saying the killer was one of his friends, whom he said his mother had hired for $15,000.[111]
Lisa Coleman 9/17/2014 Texas Along with her domestic partner, Marcella Williams, Coleman was convicted in the starvation death of Williams 9-year-old son, Davontae Williams, who weighed 35 pounds. Previously, Davontae had been removed from Marcella's custody because of alleged abuse by Coleman. The child was returned to her custody on the condition that he not be around Coleman.[112] 8 years, 2 months and 21 days Executed[112]
Glenn Ford March 11, 2014 Louisiana Robbery and murder of Isadore Rozeman, a 56-year-old Shreveport watchmaker 30 years Exoneration In 2000, an evidentiary hearing was ordered on Ford's claim that the prosecution suppressed exculpatory evidence. An unidentified informant reportedly told prosecutors that another man admitted to shooting and killing Rozeman. Prosecutors vacated Ford's conviction saying that "credible evidence" came to their attention "supporting a finding that Ford was neither present at, nor a participant in, the robbery and murder of Isadore Rozeman."[113]

Jurisdictions without the death penalty[edit]

States:

Eighteen states have abolished capitol punishment. Crimes committed in these states are still eligible for the death penalty if they are tried in federal court. Capitol punishment has been abolished in New Mexico, Maryland, and Connecticut, but only for new sentences. Prisoners who are already sentenced to death in those states remain on death row.

  1. Michigan (May 18, 1846)
  2. Wisconsin (1853)
  3. Maine (1887)
  4. Minnesota (1911)
  5. Hawaii (1948; prior to statehood)
  6. Alaska (1957; prior to statehood)
  7. Vermont (with the exception of treason; 1964)
  8. Iowa (1965)
  9. West Virginia (1965)
  10. North Dakota (1973)
  11. Massachusetts (October 18, 1984)
  12. Rhode Island (1984)
  13. New Jersey (2007)
  14. New York (2007)
  15. New Mexico (2009)
  16. Illinois (2011)
  17. Connecticut (2012)
  18. Maryland (2013)

Territories:

  1. Washington, D.C. (1981)
  2. Puerto Rico (1929)[114]
  3. American Samoa (The death penalty is still on the books in American Samoa. However, the last execution was in the 1930s, and steps are being taken to abolish the practice.)[115]
  4. Guam (date abolished unknown)
  5. Northern Mariana Islands (date abolished unknown)
  6. U.S. Virgin Islands (1991)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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