List of United States district and territorial courts

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There are 94 active United States district and territorial courts.[1] Each of the 50 states has between one and four district courts, and the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico each have a district court. The insular areas of Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, and the United States Virgin Islands each have one territorial court; these courts are called "district courts" and exercise the same jurisdiction as district courts,[2][3] but differ from district courts in that territorial courts are Article IV courts, with judges who serve 10-year terms rather than the lifetime tenure of judges of Article III courts, such as the district court judges.[3]

The district courts were established by Congress under Article III of the United States Constitution The courts hear civil and criminal cases, and each is paired with a bankruptcy court.[2] Appeals from the district courts are made to one of the 13 courts of appeals, organized geographically. The number of district courts in a court of appeals' circuit varies between one and thirteen, depending on the number of states in the region and the number of districts in each state.

The formal naming convention for the district courts is "United States District Court for" followed by the district name. Each district court has one or more meeting places at which it holds hearings and conducts business. Many federal courthouses are named after notable judges, such as the Thurgood Marshall United States Courthouse in New York City or the Hugo L. Black Courthouse in Birmingham. The largest courthouse is the Thomas F. Eagleton United States Courthouse, which serves the Eastern District of Missouri.[4]

The largest courts by number of judges are Central District of California and Southern District of New York, each with 28 judgeships. The smallest are District for the Northern Mariana Islands and District of Guam, with one judgeship each.

Active courts[edit]

Key
Citation The abbreviation used to refer to court decisions.
Established The date the district court was established as a court or the date it was subdivided from a larger district.
Judges The number of judgeships authorized for the district.
Meeting places The number of locations at which the court hears cases.
Region Citation Court of
Appeals
Established Judges Meeting
places
Chief judge
Northern District of Alabama N.D. Ala. 11th 1820 8 8 Sharon Lovelace Blackburn
Middle District of Alabama M.D. Ala. 11th 1839 3 3 William Keith Watkins
Southern District of Alabama S.D. Ala. 11th 1820 3 2 William H. Steele
District of Alaska D. Alaska 9th 1958 3 5 Ralph R. Beistline
District of Arizona D. Ariz. 9th 1910 13 4 Raner C. Collins
Eastern District of Arkansas E.D. Ark. 8th 1836 5 5 Brian Stacy Miller
Western District of Arkansas W.D. Ark. 8th 1836 3 6 Paul K. Holmes III
Central District of California C.D. Cal. 9th 1966 28 4 George H. King
Eastern District of California E.D. Cal. 9th 1966 6 3 Morrison C. England, Jr.
Northern District of California N.D. Cal. 9th 1850 14 4 Claudia Ann Wilken
Southern District of California S.D. Cal. 9th 1850 13 1 Barry Ted Moskowitz
District of Colorado D. Col. or D. Colo. 10th 1876 7 8 Marcia S. Krieger
District of Connecticut D. Conn. 2nd 1789 8 5 Alvin W. Thompson
District of Delaware D. Del. 3rd 1789 4 1 Gregory Moneta Sleet
District of Columbia D.D.C. DC 1802 15 1 Richard W. Roberts
Northern District of Florida N.D. Fla. or N.D. Fl. 11th 1845 4 6 Margaret Catharine Rodgers
Middle District of Florida M.D. Fla. or M.D. Fl. 11th 1962 15 8 Anne C. Conway
Southern District of Florida S.D. Fla. or S.D. Fl. 11th 1845 18 5 Federico A. Moreno
Northern District of Georgia N.D. Ga. 11th 1789 11 4 Julie E. Carnes
Middle District of Georgia M.D. Ga. 11th 1926 4 7 C. Ashley Royal
Southern District of Georgia S.D. Ga. 11th 1789 3 6 Lisa Godbey Wood
District of Guam D. Guam 9th 1951 1 1 Frances Marie Tydingco-Gatewood
District of Hawaii D. Haw. 9th 1959 4 1 Susan Oki Mollway
District of Idaho D. Idaho 9th 1890 2 4 B. Lynn Winmill
Northern District of Illinois N.D. Ill. 7th 1819 22 4 Ruben Castillo
Central District of Illinois C.D. Ill. 7th 1978 4 6 James E. Shadid
Southern District of Illinois S.D. Ill. 7th 1819 4 4 David R. Herndon
Northern District of Indiana N.D. Ind. 7th 1817 5 4 Philip P. Simon
Southern District of Indiana S.D. Ind. 7th 1817 5 5 Richard L. Young
Northern District of Iowa N.D. Iowa 8th 1845 2 6 Linda R. Reade
Southern District of Iowa S.D. Iowa 8th 1845 3 6 James E. Gritzner
District of Kansas D. Kan. 10th 1861 6 9 Kathryn Hoefer Vratil
Eastern District of Kentucky E.D. Ky. 6th 1789 6 9 Karen K. Caldwell
Western District of Kentucky W.D. Ky. 6th 1789 5 4 Joseph H. McKinley, Jr.
Eastern District of Louisiana E.D. La. 5th 1804 12 2 Sarah S. Vance
Middle District of Louisiana M.D. La. 5th 1971 3 1 Brian Anthony Jackson
Western District of Louisiana W.D. La. 5th 1804 7 6 Dee D. Drell
District of Maine D. Me. 1st 1789 3 2 John A. Woodcock, Jr.
District of Maryland D. Md. 4th 1789 10 4 Deborah K. Chasanow
District of Massachusetts D. Mass. 1st 1789 13 4 Patti B. Saris
Eastern District of Michigan E.D. Mich. 6th 1836 15 5 Gerald Ellis Rosen
Western District of Michigan W.D. Mich. 6th 1836 4 6 Paul Lewis Maloney
District of Minnesota D. Minn. 8th 1858 7 6 Michael J. Davis
Northern District of Mississippi N.D. Miss. 5th 1818 3 7 Michael P. Mills
Southern District of Mississippi S.D. Miss. 5th 1818 6 7 Louis Guirola, Jr.
Eastern District of Missouri E.D. Mo. 8th 1822 9 3 Catherine D. Perry
Western District of Missouri W.D. Mo. 8th 1822 7 5 Fernando J. Gaitan, Jr.
District of Montana D. Mont. 9th 1889 3 11 Dana L. Christensen
District of Nebraska D. Neb. 8th 1867 3 3 Laurie Smith Camp
District of Nevada D. Nev. 9th 1865 7 6 Robert Clive Jones
District of New Hampshire D.N.H. 1st 1789 3 2 Joseph Normand Laplante
District of New Jersey D.N.J. 3rd 1798 17 6 Jerome B. Simandle
District of New Mexico D.N.M. 10th 1910 7 3 M. Christina Armijo
Eastern District of New York E.D.N.Y 2nd 1865 15 4 Carol Bagley Amon
Northern District of New York N.D.N.Y 2nd 1789 5 8 Gary L. Sharpe
Southern District of New York S.D.N.Y. 2nd 1789 28 3 Loretta A. Preska
Western District of New York W.D.N.Y 2nd 1900 4 5 William M. Skretny
Eastern District of North Carolina E.D.N.C. 4th 1790 4 7 James C. Dever III
Middle District of North Carolina M.D.N.C. 4th 1927 4 3 James A. Beaty, Jr.
Western District of North Carolina W.D.N.C. 4th 1790 5 5 Robert James Conrad, Jr.
District of North Dakota D.N.D. 8th 1890 2 4 Ralph R. Erickson
District of the Northern Mariana Islands D.N. Mar. I. 9th 1977 1 1 Ramona Villagomez Manglona
Northern District of Ohio N.D. Ohio 6th 1803 12 5 Solomon Oliver, Jr.
Southern District of Ohio S.D. Ohio 6th 1803 8 5 Susan J. Dlott
Eastern District of Oklahoma E.D. Ok. or E.D. Okla. 10th 1906 2 8 James H. Payne
Northern District of Oklahoma N.D. Ok. or N.D. Okla. 10th 1925 4 5 Gregory Kent Frizzell
Western District of Oklahoma W.D. Ok. or W.D. Okla. 10th 1906 7 10 Vicki Miles-LaGrange
District of Oregon D. Or. or D. Ore. 9th 1859 6 7 Ann L. Aiken
Eastern District of Pennsylvania E.D. Pa. 3rd 1789 22 5 Petrese B. Tucker
Middle District of Pennsylvania M.D. Pa. 3rd 1901 6 5 Yvette Kane
Western District of Pennsylvania W.D. Pa. 3rd 1789 10 3 Joy Flowers Conti
District of Puerto Rico D.P.R. 1st 1966 7 3 Aida Delgado-Colon
District of Rhode Island D.R.I. 1st 1790 3 1 Mary M. Lisi
District of South Carolina D.S.C. 4th 1789 10 11 Terry L. Wooten
District of South Dakota D.S.D. 8th 1889 3 5 Jeffrey L. Viken
Eastern District of Tennessee E.D. Tenn. 6th 1797 5 4 Thomas A. Varlan
Middle District of Tennessee M.D. Tenn. 6th 1839 4 3 William Joseph Haynes, Jr.
Western District of Tennessee W.D. Tenn. 6th 1797 5 3 J. Daniel Breen
Eastern District of Texas E.D. Tex. 5th 1845 8 7 Leonard Davis
Northern District of Texas N.D. Tex. 5th 1879 12 7 Sidney A. Fitzwater
Southern District of Texas S.D. Tex. 5th 1902 19 7 Ricardo Hinojosa
Western District of Texas W.D. Tex. 5th 1845 13 8 Samuel Frederick Biery, Jr.
District of Utah D. Utah 10th 1894 5 4 Ted Stewart
District of Vermont D. Vt. 2nd 1791 2 7 Christina Reiss
District of the Virgin Islands D.V.I. 3rd 1936 2 2 Curtis V. Gomez
Eastern District of Virginia E.D. Va. 4th 1789 11 4 Rebecca Beach Smith
Western District of Virginia W.D. Va. 4th 1789 4 7 Glen E. Conrad
Eastern District of Washington E.D. Wash. 9th 1890 4 4 Rosanna M. Peterson
Western District of Washington W.D. Wash. 9th 1890 8 3 Marsha J. Pechman
Northern District of West Virginia N.D. W. Va. 4th 1864 3 5 John Preston Bailey
Southern District of West Virginia S.D. W. Va. 4th 1864 5 6 Joseph Robert Goodwin
Eastern District of Wisconsin E.D. Wis. 7th 1848 5 3 William C. Griesbach
Western District of Wisconsin W.D. Wis. 7th 1848 2 5 William M. Conley
District of Wyoming D. Wyo. 10th 1890 3 6 Nancy D. Freudenthal

Defunct courts[edit]

Exterior view of a red-brown building with two trees and a flagpole in the foreground.
Edward J. Schwartz Courthouse in San Diego, California
Exterior view of a beige building, composed largely of windows with several small trees in the foreground.
Robert E. Coyle Courthouse in Fresno, California
Exterior view of the front of a large, white building with ten pillars, and a set of stairs.
Richard C. Lee Courthouse in New Haven, Connecticut
Exterior view of a tall beige building with many windows.
Eastern District of New York Courthouse in Brooklyn, New York
Exterior view of a gray building at a street corner. A separate, taller structure is visible in the background.
Central District of Illinois Courthouse in Peoria, Illinois
Exterior view of a beige building composed largely of windows. A large overhang attached to the building is supported by a single pillar.
Lloyd D. George Courthouse in Las Vegas, Nevada
Exterior view of a white building with numerous pillars. An inscription reads "United States Court House".
Thurgood Marshall Courthouse in New York, New York
Exterior view of the Western District of Pennsylvania Courthouse building in Erie, Pennsylvania
Western District of Pennsylvania Courthouse in Erie, Pennsylvania
Exterior view of the Clemente Ruiz Nazario Federal Courthouse building in San Juan, Puerto Rico
Clemente Ruiz Nazario Courthouse in San Juan, Puerto Rico
Exterior view of the Central District of California Courthouse building in Los Angeles, California
Central District of California Courthouse in Los Angeles, California
Exterior view of the Hugo L. Black Federal Courthouse building in Birmingham, Alabama
Hugo L. Black Courthouse in Birmingham, Alabama
Exterior view of the E. Barrett Prettyman Courthouse building in Washington, D.C.
E. Barrett Prettyman Courthouse in Washington, D.C.
Exterior view of the defunct District of the Canal Zone Federal Courthouse building in Panama City, Panama
District of the Canal Zone Courthouse in Panama City, Panama

Note: Defunct courts do not include courts consisting of an entire state that were later subdivided.

Name Citation Established Disestablished
District of Edenton 1794 1797
District of New Bern 1794 1797
District of Wilmington 1794 1797
District of East Jersey 1801 1802
District of West Jersey 1801 1802
District of Potomac 1801 1802
District of Norfolk 1801 1802
District of Albemarle 1802 1872
District of Cape Fear 1802 1872
District of Pamptico 1802 1872
District of Orleans 1804 1812
Eastern District of Illinois E.D. Ill. 1905 1978
District of China 1906 1943
Eastern District of South Carolina E.D.S.C. 1911 1965
Western District of South Carolina W.D.S.C. 1911 1965
District of the Canal Zone D.C.Z. 1914 1982
District of Berlin D.Berlin 1978 1978

Subdivided courts[edit]

Name Citation Established Subdivided
District of Alabama D. Ala. April 21, 1820 March 10, 1824
District of Arkansas D. Ark. June 15, 1836 March 3, 1851
District of California D. Cal. July 27, 1866[5] August 5, 1886
District of Florida D. Fla. March 3, 1845 February 23, 1847
District of Georgia D. Ga. September 24, 1789 on August 11, 1848
District of Illinois D. Ill. March 3, 1819 February 13, 1855
District of Indiana D. Ind. March 3, 1817 April 21, 1928
District of Iowa D. Iowa March 3, 1845 July 20, 1882
District of Kentucky D. Ky. September 24, 1789
March 8, 1802[6]
February 13, 1801
February 12, 1901
District of Louisiana D. La. April 8, 1812
February 13, 1845
July 27, 1866
March 3, 1823
March 3, 1849
On March 3, 1881
District of Michigan D. Mich. July 1, 1836 February 24, 1863
District of Mississippi D. Miss. April 3, 1818 June 18, 1838
District of Missouri D. Mo. March 16, 1822 March 3, 1857
District of New York D.N.Y. September 24, 1789 April 9, 1814
District of North Carolina D.N.C. June 4, 1790
March 3, 1797
June 9, 1794
April 29, 1802
District of Ohio D. Ohio February 19. 1803 February 10, 1855
District of Pennsylvania D. Pa. September 24, 1789 April 20, 1818
District of Tennessee D. Tenn. January 31, 1797
March 8, 1802[7]
February 13, 1801
April 29, 1802
District of Texas D. Tex. December 29, 1845 February 21, 1857
District of Virginia D. Va. September 24, 1789
March 8, 1802
June 11, 1864
February 13, 1801
February 4, 1819
February 3, 1871
District of Washington D. Wash. April 5, 1890 March 2, 1905
District of West Virginia D.W.Va. June 11, 1864 January 22, 1901
District of Wisconsin D. Wis. May 29, 1848 June 30, 1870

See also[edit]

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ "United States District Courts". Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts. Retrieved 2009-06-15. 
  2. ^ a b Article III Judges Division (2001-08-01). "An Introduction for Judges and Judicial Administrators in Other Countries" (PDF). The Federal Court System in the United States. Administrative Office of the United States Courts. Retrieved 2009-06-21. 
  3. ^ a b "Territorial Courts". History of the Federal Judiciary. Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved 2009-06-21. [dead link]
  4. ^ "Thomas F. Eagleton Courthouse". St. Louis - Eastern Division. Retrieved 2009-06-21. 
  5. ^ California was originally established with two district courts on September 28, 1850; these districts were merged into a single District of California on July 27, 1866.
  6. ^ The District of Kentucky was abolished on February 13, 1801 by the Judiciary Act of 1801, 2 Stat. 89, and was restored with the repeal of this Act on March 8, 1802, 2 Stat. 132. U.S. District Courts of Kentucky, Legislative history, Federal Judicial Center.
  7. ^ The District of Tennessee was abolished on February 13, 1801 by the Judiciary Act of 1801, 2 Stat. 89, and was restored with the repeal of this Act on March 8, 1802, 2 Stat. 132. U.S. District Courts of Tennessee, Legislative history, Federal Judicial Center.

External links[edit]