List of United States federal executive orders

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The following is an incomplete list of United States federal executive orders.

At the federal level of government in the United States, laws are made almost exclusively by legislation. Such legislation originates as an Act of Congress passed by the Congress of the United States (and its predecessor, the Continental Congress); such acts were either signed into law by the President or passed by Congress after a presidential veto.

However, legislation is not the only source of regulations which have the force of law. There is also judge-made common law and constitutional law. The President can issue executive orders pursuant to a grant of discretion from Congress, or under the inherent powers that office holds to deal with certain matters of foreign policy.

Many early executive orders were not recorded. The State Department began numbering executive orders in the early 20th century, starting retroactively from President Abraham Lincoln's Executive Order Establishing a Provisional Court in Louisiana issued in 1862.

Consolidated list of Presidents and Order numbers[edit]

President Total Orders Order Number Range
George Washington 8 unnumbered
John Adams 1 unnumbered
Thomas Jefferson 4 unnumbered
James Madison 1 unnumbered
James Monroe 1 unnumbered
John Quincy Adams 3 unnumbered
Andrew Jackson 12 unnumbered
Martin van Buren 10 unnumbered
William Henry Harrison 0 unnumbered
John Tyler 17 unnumbered
James K. Polk 18 unnumbered
Zachary Taylor 5 unnumbered
Millard Fillmore 12 unnumbered
Franklin Pierce 35 unnumbered
James Buchanan 16 unnumbered
Abraham Lincoln 48 unnumbered
Andrew Johnson 79 unnumbered
Ulysses S. Grant 217 unnumbered
Rutherford B. Hayes 92 unnumbered
James Garfield 6 unnumbered
Chester Arthur 96 unnumbered
Grover Cleveland - I 113 unnumbered
Benjamin Harrison 143 unnumbered
Grover Cleveland - II 140 unnumbered
William McKinley 185 unnumbered
Theodore Roosevelt 1,081
William Howard Taft 724
Woodrow Wilson 1,803
Warren G. Harding 522
Calvin Coolidge 1,203
Herbert Hoover 968 5075 - 6070
Franklin D. Roosevelt 3,522 6071 - 9537
Harry S. Truman 907 9538 - 10431
Dwight D. Eisenhower 484 10432 - 10913
John F. Kennedy 214 10914 - 11127
Lyndon B. Johnson 325 11128 - 11451
Richard Nixon 346 11452 - 11797
Gerald R. Ford 169 11798 - 11966
Jimmy Carter 320 11967 - 12286
Ronald Reagan 381 12287 - 12667
George H. W. Bush 166 12668 - 12833
William J. Clinton 364 12834 - 13197
George W. Bush 291 13198 - 13488
Barack Obama 277 13489 - 13671...

[1][2]

1800s[edit]

1900–1929[edit]

Herbert Hoover (1929–1933)[edit]

EOs 5075–6070 [7]

Franklin D. Roosevelt (1933–1945)[edit]

Administration of Franklin D. Roosevelt Executive Orders Disposition Tables[8]

Executive Orders 6071–9537

Year First Last Total
1933 6071 6545 573
1934 6546 6935 474
1935 6936 7261 394
1936 7262 7531 274
1937 7532 7784 253
1938 7784-A 8030 247
1939 8031 8316 287
1940 8317 8624 309
1941 8625 9005 383
1942 9006 9292 289
1943 9293 9412 122
1944 9413 9508 100
1945 9509 9537 29
Total 6071 9537 3,522

Harry S Truman (1945–1953)[edit]

Administration of Harry S Truman Executive Orders Disposition Tables[9]

Executive Orders 9538–10431

Year First Last Total
1945 9538 9672 139
1946 9673 9817 148
1947 9818 9918 100
1948 9919 10025 117
1949 10026 10094 69
1950 10095 10199 95
1951 10200 10317 118
1952 10318 10420 104
1953 10421 10431 11
Total 9538 10431 907

Dwight D. Eisenhower (1953–1961)[edit]

Administration of Dwight D. Eisenhower Executive Orders Disposition Tables[10]

EOs 10432–10913

  • 1953: Executive Order 10450: Charged the heads of federal agencies and the Office of Personnel Management, supported by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), with investigating federal employees to determine whether they posed security risks.
  • 1954: Executive Order 10555: Establishing a Seal for the President's Committee on Employment of the Physically Handicapped

Executive Orders 10432–10913

Year First Last Total
1953 10432 10511 80
1954 10512 10584 75
1955 10585 10649 66
1956 10650 10693 44
1957 10694 10747 55
1958 10748 10797 50
1959 10798 10857 60
1960 10858 10899 42
1961 10900 10913 14
Total 10432 10913 484

John F. Kennedy (1961–1963)[edit]

Administration of John F. Kennedy Executive Orders Disposition Tables[12]

Physical text copy of the Executive Order establishing the Peace Corps
Executive Order 10924
John F. Kennedy's announcement of the establishment of the Peace Corps

Problems playing this file? See media help.

Executive Orders 10914–11127

Year First Last Total
1961 10914 10983 70
1962 10984 11072 89
1963 11073 11127 55
Total 10914 11127 214

Lyndon B. Johnson (1963–1969)[edit]

Administration of Lyndon B. Johnson Executive Orders Disposition Tables[13]

EOs 11128–11451

Richard Nixon (1969–1974)[edit]

Administration of Richard Nixon Executive Orders Disposition Tables[14]

EOs 11452–11797

Gerald R. Ford (1974–1977)[edit]

EOs 11798–11966

  • 1975: Executive Order 11850: Renunciation of certain uses in war of chemical herbicides and riot control agents.
  • 1976: Executive Order 11921: Allows the Federal Emergency Preparedness Agency to develop plans to establish control over the mechanisms of production, distribution, energy sources, wages, salaries, credit, and the flow of money.

Jimmy Carter (1977–1981)[edit]

Administration of Jimmy Carter Executive Orders Disposition Tables[17]

EOs 11967–12286

Ronald Reagan (1981–1989)[edit]

Administration of Ronald Reagan Executive Orders Disposition Tables[18] EOs 12287–12667

George H.W. Bush (1989–1993)[edit]

Administration of George Bush Executive Orders Disposition Tables[19]

Executive Orders 12668–12833

Year First Last Total
1989 12668 12698 31
1990 12699 12741 43
1991 12742 12787 46
1992 12788 12827 40
1993 12828 12833 6
Total 12668 12833 166

Bill Clinton (1993–2001)[edit]

Administration of William J. Clinton Executive Orders Disposition Tables[20]

Executive Orders 12834–13197

Year First Last Total
1993 12834 12890 57
1994 12891 12944 54
1995 12945 12984 40
1996 12985 13033 49
1997 13034 13071 38
1998 13072 13109 38
1999 13110 13144 35
2000 13145 13185 41
2001 13186 13197 12
Total 12834 13197 364

George W. Bush (2001–2009)[edit]

Administration of George W. Bush Executive Orders Disposition Tables[21]

Executive Orders 13198–13488

Year First Last Total
2001 13198 13251 54
2002 13252 13282 31
2003 13283 13323 41
2004 13324 13368 45
2005 13369 13394 26
2006 13395 13421 27
2007 13422 13453 32
2008 13454 13483 30
2009 13484 13488 5
Total 13198 13488 291


Barack Obama (2009–present)[edit]

Administration of Barack Obama Executive Orders Disposition Tables[22]

Executive Orders 13489 and higher

Year First Last Total
2009 13489 13527 39
2010 13528 13562 35
2011 13563 13596 34
2012 13597 13635 39
2013 13636 13655 20
2014 13656 13671 16[23]
Total 13489 13671 183
Grand total per 2014-07-18.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Executive Orders Disposition Tables Index". Archives.gov. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 
  2. ^ "Executive Orders". Presidency.ucsb.edu. 2013-07-20. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 
  3. ^ "Complete Executive Orders by President Theodore Roosevelt". 
  4. ^ "Permanent Force for the Panama Canal". 
  5. ^ "National Academy of Sciences". 
  6. ^ "Distinguished Flying Cross Authorization". 
  7. ^ "Executive Orders Disposition Tables Index". National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). 2008-01-22. 
  8. ^ "Administration of Franklin D. Roosevelt Executive Orders Disposition Tables". 
  9. ^ "Administration of Harry S Truman Executive Orders Disposition Tables". 
  10. ^ "Administration of Dwight D. Eisenhower Executive Orders Disposition Tables". 
  11. ^ "Executive Order 10834--The flag of the United States". 
  12. ^ "Administration of John F. Kennedy Executive Orders Disposition Tables". 
  13. ^ "Administration of Lyndon B. Johnson Executive Orders Disposition Tables". 
  14. ^ "Administration of Richard Nixon Executive Orders Disposition Tables". 
  15. ^ "Executive Order 11478". Finduslaw.com. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 
  16. ^ U.S. policy on assassinations. CNN.com 4 November 2002. Accessed 15 July 2009.
  17. ^ "Administration of Jimmy Carter Executive Orders Disposition Tables". 
  18. ^ "Administration of Ronald Reagan Executive Orders Disposition Tables". 
  19. ^ "Administration of George Bush Executive Orders Disposition Tables". 
  20. ^ "Administration of William J. Clinton Executive Orders Disposition Tables". 
  21. ^ "Administration of George W. Bush Executive Orders Disposition Tables". 
  22. ^ "Administration of Barack Obama Executive Orders Disposition Tables". 
  23. ^ https://www.federalregister.gov/executive-orders

External links[edit]

National Archives and Records Administration:

  • A list of Executive Orders related to national security, and their texts, can be found at: