List of United States local officials convicted of federal corruption offenses

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This is a list of notable United States local officials convicted of federal public corruption offenses for conduct while in office. The list is organized by office. Non-notable officials, such as sewer inspectors and zoning commissioners, are not included on this list, although they are routinely prosecuted for the same offenses. Acquitted officials are not listed (if an official was acquitted on some counts, and convicted on others, the counts of conviction are listed). Officials convicted of state crimes are not listed.

The criminal statute(s) under which the conviction(s) were obtained are noted, as are the names of notable investigations or scandals, if applicable. If a defendant is convicted of a conspiracy to commit a corruption offense, the substantive offense is listed. Convictions of non-corruption offenses, such as making false statements, perjury, obstruction of justice, electoral fraud, and campaign finance regulations, even if related, are not noted. Nor are derivative convictions, such as tax evasion or money laundering. Officials convicted only of non-corruption offenses are not included on this list, even if indicted on corruption offenses as well. Certain details, including post-conviction relief, if applicable, are included in footnotes.

The Hobbs Act (enacted 1934),[1] the mail and wire fraud statutes (enacted 1872), including the honest services fraud provision,[2] the Travel Act (enacted 1961),[3] the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO) (enacted 1970),[4] and the federal program bribery statute, 18 U.S.C. § 666 (enacted 1984),[5] permit the prosecution of such officials. These statutes are also applicable to corrupt federal officials.[6] In addition, federal officials are subject to the federal bribery, graft, and conflict-of-interest crimes contained in Title 18, Chapter 11 of the United States Code, 18 U.S.C. §§ 201–227, which do not apply to state and local officials.[6]

Mayors[edit]

Mayor Office Crime(s) Investigation Notes
Hugh Joseph Addonizio Mayor of Newark, New Jersey Hobbs Act [7]
Maurice B. Brown Mayor of White Castle, Louisiana Mail fraud, RICO, and Travel Act Operation Blighted Officials [8]
Peter Cammarano Mayor of Hoboken, New Jersey Hobbs Act Operation Bid Rig [9]
Buddy Cianci Mayor of Providence, Rhode Island RICO Operation Plunder Dome [10]
David Delle Donna Mayor of Guttenberg, New Jersey Hobbs Act [11]
Yvonne A. Dockery Mayor of Garland, Arkansas Mail fraud [12]
Alex Daoud Mayor of Miami Beach, Florida [13]
John de Rose Mayor of Gloucester Township, New Jersey [14]
Dennis Elwell Mayor of Secaucus, New Jersey Program bribery Operation Bid Rig [15]
Angelo Errichetti Mayor of Camden, New Jersey Federal official bribery, conspiracy to defraud the United States, and Travel Act Abscam [16]
Joseph Ganim Mayor of Bridgeport, Connecticut Hobbs Act, mail fraud, program bribery, and RICO [17]
Jerome P. Genova Mayor of Calumet City, Illinois Mail fraud, program bribery, and RICO [18]
Richard S. Jackson Mayor of Atlantic City, New Jersey Hobbs Act [19]
Sharpe James Mayor of Newark, New Jersey Mail fraud and program bribery [20]
John C. Kubacki Mayor of Reading, Pennsylvania Hobbs Act and Travel Act [21]
Larry Langford Mayor of Birmingham, Alabama Mail and wire fraud and program bribery [22]
Theodore LeBlanc Mayor of Norristown, Pennsylvania Mail fraud and program bribery [23]
John Lomelo Mayor of Sunrise, Florida Hobbs Act and mail fraud [24]
Eddie Alexander Long Mayor of Smithers, West Virginia Mail fraud [25]
Betty Loren-Maltese Town President of Cicero, Illinois Mail fraud and RICO [26]
Edward Wayne Martin Mayor of Warner Robins, Georgia Hobbs Act [27]
Raul L. Martinez Mayor of Hialeah, Florida Hobbs Act and RICO [28]
Michael J. Matthews Mayor of Atlantic City, New Jersey Hobbs Act [29]
Gerald McCann Mayor of Jersey City, New Jersey [30]
Jack O. McNary Mayor of Lansing, Illinois Hobbs Act and RICO [31]
Joseph Menna Mayor of Gloucester Township, New Jersey Hobbs Act [14]
Milton Milan Mayor of Camden, New Jersey RICO [32]
Emmanuel Onunwor Mayor of East Cleveland, Ohio RICO [33]
Charles Panici Mayor of Chicago Heights, Illinois Hobbs Act, RICO, and program bribery [34]
John Pomierski Mayor of Upland, California [35]
Richard H. Prescott, Jr. Mayor of Saraland, Alabama Hobbs Act [36]
Eddie Price III Mayor of Mandeville, Louisiana Mail fraud [37]
Samuel Rivera Mayor of Passaic, New Jersey Hobbs Act [38]
Anthony Russo Mayor of Hoboken, New Jersey Mail fraud [39]
Steven Eugene Russo Mayor of Orange Beach, Alabama Mail fraud [40]
Joseph J. Santopietro Mayor of Waterbury, Connecticut Program bribery [41]
Brian J. Sarault Mayor of Pawtucket, Rhode Island Hobbs Act and RICO [42]
David Silva Mayor of Cudahy, California [43]
William T. Somers Mayor of Atlantic City, New Jersey Hobbs Act [44]
Raymond O. Sopher Mayor of Streator, Illinois Hobbs Act [45]
Walter R. Tucker III Mayor of Compton, California Hobbs Act [46]
Thomas J. Whelan Mayor of Jersey City, New Jersey Hobbs Act [47]

City council members[edit]

City council member Office Crime(s) Investigation Notes
Robert Burke Alderman of Holly Springs, Mississippi Hobbs Act and Travel Act [48]
George Bush, Sr. Alderman of East St. Louis, Missouri Hobbs Act [49]
James Callaghan Newark Councilman Hobbs Act [50]
Isaac Carothers Chicago Alderman [51]
William Carothers Chicago Alderman Hobbs Act [52]
Monica Conyers Detroit City Council Program bribery [53]
Michael D'Amico City Councillor of Quincy, Massachusetts Hobbs Act [54]
Wallace Davis Chicago Alderman Hobbs Act and RICO Operation Incubator [55]
Walter J. Egan City Council of Carson, California Hobbs Act and mail fraud [56]
Jesse Evans Chicago Alderman Hobbs Act, mail fraud, and RICO Operation Silver Shovel [57]
Louis Farina Chicago Alderman Hobbs Act [58]
Thomas Flaherty Jersey City Council Hobbs Act [47]
Jack Foster Alderman of Pine Bluff, Arkansas Hobbs Act [59]
Percy Giles Chicago Alderman Hobbs Act, mail fraud, and RICO Operation Silver Shovel [60]
Arthur Gilmore, Jr. Monroe City Council Hobbs Act and RICO [61]
John M. Gliottoni, Jr. City Council Commissioner of Chicago Heights, Illinois Hobbs Act and RICO [34]
Patrick T. Hairston Winston-Salem, North Carolina, Board of Aldermen Hobbs Act, mail fraud, RICO, and Travel Act [62]
John J. Hamilton, Jr. Councilman of Asbury Park, New Jersey Hobbs Act and program bribery Operation Bid Rig [63]
Gwendolyn Cheek Hedgepeth Richmond City Council Hobbs Act and mail fraud [64]
Fred Hubbard Chicago Alderman Program bribery [52]
Marian Humes Chicago Alderman [52]
Perry Hutchinson Chicago Alderman [52]
Joseph Jambroni Chicago Alderman [52]
Ralph Inzunza San Diego City Council Hobbs Act and mail fraud [65]
Harry Jannotti Philadelphia City Council Hobbs Act Abscam [66]
Ed Jew San Francisco Board of Supervisors Mail fraud, Hobbs Act, and program bribery [67]
Louis Johanson Philadelphia City Council Federal official bribery, conspiracy to defraud the United States, and Travel Act Abscam [16]
Jack B. Johnson Prince George's County Council Extortion and witness- and evidence-tampering [68]
Leslie Johnson Prince George's County Council Conspiracy to commit witness- and evidence-tampering [69]
Virgil Jones Chicago Alderman Hobbs Act Operation Silver Shovel [70]
Thomas E. Keane Chicago Alderman Mail fraud [71]
Clifford Kelley Chicago Alderman [52]
Tyrone Kenner Chicago Alderman [52]
Frank Kuta Chicago Alderman Hobbs Act [72]
Acy L. Long City Council of Saraland, Alabama Hobbs Act [36]
John Madryzk Chicago Alderman [52]
Louise H. Marshall City Council Commissioner of Chicago Heights, Illinois Hobbs Act, RICO, and program bribery [34]
Joseph Martinez Chicago Alderman [52]
Miguel Martinez New York City Council Mail fraud [73]
Joseph McClelland Reno City Councilman Hobbs Act [74]
Michael McKenna Alderman of Somerville, Massachusetts Hobbs Act [75]
Ambrosio Medrano Chicago Alderman Hobbs Act Operation Silver Shovel [76]
Andrew K. Mirikitani Honolulu City Council Program bribery [77]
Donald Mitchell Gloucester Township Committeeman [50]
Raymond J. O'Grady Township Committeeman of Middletown, New Jersey Hobbs Act and program bribery Operation Bid Rig [78]
Michael Orsburn Trustee of Keener Township in Jasper County, Indiana Mail fraud [79]
Ricky Peete Memphis City Council Hobbs Act [80]
Joseph Potempa Chicago Alderman [52]
Angel Rodriguez New York City Council Hobbs Act [81]
Fred Roti Chicago Alderman Hobbs Act and RICO [52]
George X. Schwartz Philadelphia City Council Hobbs Act and RICO Abscam [66]
Larry Seabrook New York City Councilman Mail and wire fraud [82]
Edward Scholl Chicago Alderman [52]
Harold D. Sheffield City Council of Saraland, Alabama Hobbs Act [36]
Robert Cooper Smith City Councilman of Fresno, California Hobbs Act [83]
Allan Streeter Chicago Alderman Hobbs Act Operation Silver Shovel [84]
Robert E. Stevens Monroe City Council Hobbs Act and RICO [61]
Casimir Staszcuk Chicago Alderman Hobbs Act and mail fraud [85]
Shafter W. Summers City Council of the City of Prichard, Alabama Hobbs Act [86]
Oliver Thomas New Orleans City Council Program bribery [87]
Jesse E. Threlkeld City Council of Saraland, Alabama Hobbs Act [36]
Arenda Troutman Chicago Alderman Mail fraud [52]
Chuck Turner Boston City Council Hobbs Act [88]
Edward Vrdolyak Chicago Alderman Mail and wire fraud [89]
Robert Leslie Williams City Council of Jackson, Mississippi Hobbs Act and program bribery [90]
Benjamin H. Woods Pittsburgh City Council Hobbs Act, RICO, and conspiracy to defraud the United States [91]
Michael Zucchet San Diego City Council Hobbs Act and mail fraud [65]
Stanley Zydlo Chicago Alderman [52]

County executives and commissioners[edit]

County commissioner Office Crime(s) Investigation Notes
John M. Beeler Knox County, Tennessee Commissioner of Welfare Hobbs Act [92]
William T. Boston County Commissioner of Major County, Oklahoma Hobbs Act and mail fraud [93]
Bernard Nettles Brown County Commissioner of Bowie County, Texas Hobbs Act and mail fraud [94]
James J. Coyne, Jr. Albany County Executive Hobbs Act, mail fraud, and program bribery [95]
Jimmy Dimora Commissioner of Cuyahoga County, Ohio RICO [96]
A. Reginald Eaves Fulton County Board of Commissioners Hobbs Act [97]
Charles Eugene Edwards County Commissioner of Fannin County, Texas Hobbs Act and mail fraud [98]
John H. Evans, Jr. Board of Commissioners of DeKalb County, Georgia Hobbs Act [99]
Joseph J. Forszt Board of Commissioners of Lake County, Indiana Hobbs Act and RICO [100]
Gary A. Greenough Board of Commissioners of Mobile, Alabama Hobbs Act and mail and wire fraud [101]
F. Lee Hyden Shelby County Tennessee Board of Commissioners Hobbs Act [102]
Dario Herrera Commissioner of Clark County, Nevada Hobbs Act and wire fraud Operation G-Sting [103]
Michael Hooks, Sr. County Commissioner of Shelby County, Tennessee Program bribery Operation Tennessee Waltz [104]
Robert C. Janiszewski County Executive of Hudson County, New Jersey Hobbs Act [105]
Jack B. Johnson County Executive of Prince George's County, Maryland [106]
Erin Kenny Commissioner of Clark County, Nevada Wire fraud Operation G-Sting [107]
Mary Kincaid-Chauncey Commissioner of Clark County, Nevada Hobbs Act and wire fraud Operation G-Sting [108]
Joseph Kotvas Hillsborough County Commission in Tampa, Florida Hobbs Act, mail fraud, and RICO [109]
Dean Shannon Loftus Board of County Commissioners of Sarpy County, Nebraska Hobbs Act [110]
Lance Malone Commissioner of Clark County, Nevada RICO Operation G-Sting [111]
Lester Millet President of St. John the Baptist Parish, Louisiana Hobbs Act. mail fraud, and Travel Act [112]
Lamar Robinson Supervisor for District Five, Harrison County, Mississippi Hobbs Act [113]
James J. Price Chairman of the Charleston (South Carolina) County Council Hobbs Act [114]
Greg Skrepenak Luzerne County Board of Commissioners Program bribery [115]
Garron Reginald Sorrow Board of County Commissioners of Walton County, Georgia Hobbs Act and conspiracy to defraud the United States [116]
Frank A.J. Stodola Board of Commissioners for Lake County, Indiana Hobbs Act and RICO [117]
Claude Tanner Hillsborough County Commission in Tampa, Florida Hobbs Act, mail fraud, and RICO [109]
James W. Treffinger County Executive of Essex County, New Jersey Mail fraud [118]
Martin Tuchow Commissioner of Cook County Hobbs Act [58]
Trudie P. Westmoreland County Supervisor of Perry County, Mississippi Hobbs Act, mail fraud, and program bribery [119]
Cullen H. Williams Hillsborough County Commission in Tampa, Florida Hobbs Act, mail fraud, and RICO [109]

Judges[edit]

State judge Office Crime(s) Investigation Notes
Dennis Adams California Superior Court Mail fraud and RICO [120]
Leslie Anderson County judge in Arkansas Mail fraud, RICO, and Travel Act [121]
Ronald D. Bodenheimer Louisiana district judge [122]
William C. Brennan New York Supreme Court, Queens County, Criminal Term Hobbs Act, wire fraud, RICO, and Travel Act [123]
Herbert R. Cain, Jr. Philadelphia Common Pleas Court Judge Hobbs Act [124]
Bill R. Clark County judge of Craighead County, Arkansas RICO and Travel Act [125]
Frank Dean County judge of Poinsett County, Arkansas RICO [126]
John J. Devine Cook County Circuit Judge Hobbs Act, mail fraud, and RICO Operation Greylord [127]
Mario Driggs Philadelphia Municipal Court Hobbs Act [128]
Paul Foxgrover Cook County Circuit Judge [129]
Daniel P. Glecier Cook County Circuit Judge RICO Operation Greylord [130]
W. B. Hamilton County Judge of St. Francis County, Arkansas RICO [131]
Kenneth S. Harris Philadelphia Court of Common Pleas Judge [132]
Reginald Holzer Cook County Circuit Judge Hobbs Act, mail fraud, and RICO Operation Greylord [133]
Richard F. LeFevour Chief Judge of the Cook County traffic court Mail fraud and RICO Operation Greylord [134]
Thomas J. Maloney Cook County Circuit Judge Hobbs Act and RICO Operation Greylord [135]
James Malkus California Superior Court Mail fraud and RICO [136]
John M. McCollum Cook County traffic court judge Operation Greylord [137]
Leonard Mooney County judge in Arkansas Mail fraud, RICO, and Travel Act [121]
Fred M. Mosley East Cleveland Municipal Court Hobbs Act [138]
John M. Murphy Cook County Circuit Judge Hobbs Act, mail fraud, and RICO Operation Greylord [139]
Wayne Olson Cook County Circuit Judge Operation Greylord [140]
John F. Reynolds Cook County Circuit Judge Mail fraud and RICO Operation Greylord [141]
Jeffrey Sayre Missouri Hobbs Act [142]
Carl Scacchetti Judge of the City Court of Rochester Hobbs Act [143]
Harvey N. Shenberg Dade County Court Hobbs Act and RICO Operation Court Broom [144]
David J. Shields Chief Judge of the Chancery Division of the Circuit Court of Cook County Hobbs Act and Travel Act Operation Gambat [145]
Raymond Sodini Cook County Circuit Judge RICO Operation Greylord [140]
Thomas J. Spargo New York State Supreme Court Justice [146]
Adam N. Stillo, Sr. Cook County Circuit Judge Hobbs Act and RICO Operation Greylord [147]
Walter W. Teel Mississippi State Chancery Court Judge Mail and wire fraud, program bribery, and RICO [148]
John H. Whitfield Mississippi State Circuit Court Judge Mail and wire fraud, program bribery, and RICO [148]

School committee members[edit]

Mayor Office Crime(s) Investigation Notes
Gerald O'Leary Boston School Committee member Hobbs Act [149]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 18 U.S.C. § 1951(a), (b)(2).
  2. ^ 18 U.S.C. §§ 1341, 1343, 1346.
  3. ^ 18 U.S.C. § 1952.
  4. ^ 18 U.S.C. § 1961(1).
  5. ^ 18 U.S.C. § 666.
  6. ^ a b Peter W. Schroth, Corruption and Accountability of the Civil Service in the United States, 42 Am. J. Comp. L. 554 (2006).
  7. ^ United States v. Addonizio, 451 F.2d 49 (3d Cir. 1971).
  8. ^ FBI, Former White Castle Mayor Sentenced to 10 Years in Operation Blighted Officials, Oct. 12, 2011.
  9. ^ Cammarano plead guilty. Richard Perez-Pena, Former Mayor of Hoboken Pleads Guilty to Corruption, N.Y. Times, Apr. 20, 2010.
  10. ^ United States v. Cianci, 378 F.3d 71 (1st Cir. 2004).
  11. ^ United States v. Donna, 366 F. App'x 441 (3d Cir. 2010).
  12. ^ United States v. Dockery, 445 F. App'x 898 (8th Cir. 2011) (per curiam).
  13. ^ Ex-Mayor Gets 41 Months, Sun-Sentinel, Apr. 21, 1993.
  14. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference ny35 was invoked but never defined
  15. ^ United States v. Elwell, Criminal Action No. 09–864 (JLL), 2011 WL 5007883 (D.N.J. Oct. 20, 2011).
  16. ^ a b United States v. Myers, 692 F.2d 823 (2d Cir. 1982).
  17. ^ United States v. Ganim, 510 F.3d 134 (2d Cir. 2007) (Sotomayor, J.).
  18. ^ United States v. Genova, 333 F.3d 750 (7th Cir. 2003).
  19. ^ Jackson plead guilty. United States v. Somers, 496 F.2d 723 (3d Cir. 1974).
  20. ^ The Third Circuit vacated James' mail fraud conviction in light of the Supreme Court's subsequent decision in Skilling v. United States, 130 S. Ct. 2896 (2010). United States v. Riley, 621 F.3d 312 (3d Cir. 2010).
  21. ^ United States v. Kubacki, 237 F. Supp. 638 (E.D. Pa. 1965).
  22. ^ United States v. Langford, 647 F.3d 1309 (11th Cir. 2011).
  23. ^ United States v. LeBlanc, 248 F. App'x 390 (3d Cir. 2007).
  24. ^ Lomelo v. United States, 891 F.2d 1512 (11th Cir. 1990).
  25. ^ United States v. Long, 95 F. App'x 483 (4th Cir. 2004). The Supreme Court vacated Long's conviction in light of its subsequent decision in United States v. Booker, 543 U.S. 220 (2005). Long v. United States, 543 U.S. 1098 (2005).
  26. ^ United States v. Spano, 476 F.3d 476 (7th Cir. 2007); United States v. Spano, 421 F.3d 599 (7th Cir. 2005).
  27. ^ United States v. Frost, 61 F.3d 1518 (11th Cir. 1995) (per curiam), opinion amended on reh'g, 77 F.3d 1319 (11th Cir. 1996). The Supreme Court vacated the convictions of Martin's co-defendants in light of its subsequent decision in Johnson v. United States, 520 U.S. 461 (1997). Frost v. United States, 520 U.S. 1226 (1997).
  28. ^ The Eleventh Circuit reversed Martinez's conviction for procedural reasons. United States v. Martinez, 14 F.3d 543 (11th Cir. 1994). After two retrials resulting in hung juries, and acquittal on one count, the government declined to prosecute Martinez a fourth time. Hialeh Mayor Won't Face Fourth Trial After Deadlock, Lakeland Ledger, May 14, 1996.
  29. ^ Matthews plead guilty. United States v. Matthews, 773 F.2d 48 (3d Cir. 1985).
  30. ^ Evan Serpick, That Felon Inspecting Trash? He Used to Be Mayor, N.Y. Times, Oct. 7, 2011.
  31. ^ United States v. McNary, 620 F.2d 621 (7th Cir. 1980).
  32. ^ Iver Peterson, Former Mayor of Camden Is Sentenced for Corruption, N.Y. Times, June 16, 2001.
  33. ^ United States v. Onunwor, No. 1:04-CR-211, 2007 WL 3343081 (N.D. Ohio Nov. 7, 2007).
  34. ^ a b c United States v. Marshall, 75 F.3d 1097 (7th Cir. 1996).
  35. ^ Sandra Emerson, Ex-Upland Mayor Pomierski Sentenced to Two Years in Prison for Bribery, San Bernardino Sun, Aug. 6, 2012.
  36. ^ a b c d United States v. Prescott, 672 F.2d 882 (11th Cir. 1982).
  37. ^ Cindy Chang, Eddie Price Pleads Guilty to Taking Trips From Contractors, Using Campaign Funds to Pay Gambling Debts, The Times-Picayune, Oct. 16, 2009.
  38. ^ Jeff S. Whelan, Passaic Mayor Pleads Guilty to Corruption, NJ.com, May 9, 2008.
  39. ^ Madeline Friedman, Anthony Russo Returns Convicted Ex-Hoboken Mayor Moves to Newark Halfway House, Hudson Reporter, July 3, 2007.
  40. ^ The Eleventh Circuit vacated some of Russo's mail fraud convictions. United States v. Wall, 285 F. App'x 675 (11th Cir. 2008).
  41. ^ United States v. Santopietro, 996 F.2d 17, 18 (2d Cir. 1993). A district judge granted Santopietro's habeas motion in light of the Second Circuit's subsequent decision in United States v. Foley, 73 F.3d 484 (2d Cir. 1996). Santopietro v. United States, 948 F. Supp. 145 (D. Conn. 1996). On appeal, the Second Circuit reinstated Santopietro's conviction. United States v. Santopietro, 166 F.3d 88 (2d Cir. 1999), abrogated on other grounds, Sabri v. United States, 541 U.S. 600 (2004).
  42. ^ Mayor Sarault plead guilty. United States v. Sarault, 975 F.2d 17 (1st Cir. 1992).
  43. ^ Former Mayor, City Manager of California Town Agree to Plead Guilty in Bribery Case, Wash. Post, July 12, 2012.
  44. ^ United States v. Somers, 496 F.2d 723 (3rd Cir. 1974).
  45. ^ United States v. Sopher, 362 F.2d 523 (7th Cir. 1966).
  46. ^ United States v. Tucker, 133 F.3d 1208 (9th Cir. 1998).
  47. ^ a b United States v. Kenny, 462 F.2d 1205 (3d Cir. 1972).
  48. ^ United States v. Burke, 431 F.3d 883 (5th Cir. 2005).
  49. ^ United States v. Bush, 820 F.2d 858 (7th Cir. 1987).
  50. ^ a b Results of 3-Year Effort in New Jersey: 35 Public Officials Convicted, 25 Awaiting Trial, N.Y. Times, Jan. 10, 1973.
  51. ^ Phil Rodgers, Carothers Pleads Guilty, NBC Chicago, Feb. 1, 2010.
  52. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Chicago's 'Hall of Shame', Chi. Trib., Feb. 24, 2012.
  53. ^ Conyers plead guilty. United States v. Conyers, 737 F. Supp. 2d 696 (E.D. Mich. 2010).
  54. ^ United States v. D'Amico, 496 F.3d 95 (1st Cir. 2007).
  55. ^ United States v. Davis, 890 F.2d 1373 (7th Cir. 1989).
  56. ^ The Ninth Circuit reversed Egan's mail fraud conviction in light of the Supreme Court's subsequent decision in McNally v. United States, 483 U.S. 350 (1987). United States v. Egan, 860 F.2d 904 (9th Cir. 1988).
  57. ^ United States v. Evans, 192 F.3d 698 (7th Cir. 1999).
  58. ^ a b United States v. Tuchow, 768 F.2d 855 (7th Cir. 1985).
  59. ^ United States v. Foster, 443 F.3d 978 (8th Cir. 2006).
  60. ^ United States v. Giles, 246 F.3d 966 (7th Cir. 2001).
  61. ^ a b United States v. Stevens, Cr. No. 10-0200-01/02, 2011 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 103917 (W.D. La. Sept. 14, 2011).
  62. ^ The Fourth Circuit reversed some of Hairston's convictions. United States v. Hairston, 46 F.3d 361 (4th Cir. 1995).
  63. ^ United States v. Hamilton, 409 F. App'x 584 (3rd Cir. 2011).
  64. ^ United States v. Hedgepeth, 418 F.3d 411 (4th Cir. 2005).
  65. ^ a b United States v. Inzunza, 638 F.3d 1006 (9th Cir. 2009).
  66. ^ a b United States v. Jannotti, 673 F.2d 578 (3d Cir. 1982).
  67. ^ Wyatt Buchanan, Former S.F. Supervisor Pleads Guilty to Federal Extortion, Bribery, Plans to Accuse Others, San Francisco Chronicle, Oct. 11, 2008.
  68. ^ United States v. Jack Bruce Johnson
  69. ^ United States v. Leslie Johnson
  70. ^ United States v. Jones, 224 F.3d 621 (7th Cir. 2000).
  71. ^ The Seventh Circuit reversed some of Keane's mail fraud convictions. United States v. Keane, 522 F.2d 534 (7th Cir. 1975).
  72. ^ United States v. Kuta, 518 F.2d 947 (7th Cir. 1975).
  73. ^ Ray Rivera, Ex-Councilman Miguel Martinez Sentenced to 5 Years in Theft of $106,000, N.Y. Times, Dec. 15, 2009.
  74. ^ United States v. McClelland, 731 F.2d 1438 (9th Cir. 1984). The Ninth Circuit granted McClelland's petition for coram nobis on the ground that the Hobbs Act requires inducement, in a decision that predated the Supreme Court's decision in Evans v. United States, 504 U.S. 255 (1992). United States v. McClelland, 941 F.2d 999 (9th Cir. 1991).
  75. ^ United States v. McKenna, 889 F.2d 1168 (1st Cir. 1989).
  76. ^ Medrano plead guilty. Phil Ponce, Facing the Music, Chi. Trib., Jan. 23, 1996.
  77. ^ United States v. Mirikitani, No. 02-10013, 2004 U.S. App. LEXIS 18348 (9th Cir. Aug. 31, 2004).
  78. ^ United States v. O'Grady, 280 F. App'x 124 (3d Cir. 2008).
  79. ^ United States v. Orsburn, 525 F.3d 543 (7th Cir. 2008).
  80. ^ United States v. Peete, 919 F.2d 1168 (6th Cir. 1990).
  81. ^ Rodriguez v. United States, Case No. 04-CV-2944 (FB), 2005 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 5055 (E.D.N.Y. Mar. 28, 2005).
  82. ^ Benjamin Weiser, Bronx Councilman Is Convicted of Fraud and Loses Seat, N.Y. Times, July 26, 2012.
  83. ^ United States v. Smith, 196 F.3d 1034 (9th Cir. 1999).
  84. ^ Streeter plead guilty. Mike Robinson, Veteran Alderman Pleads Guilty in Corruption Probe, Associated Press, Apr. 18, 1996.
  85. ^ A panel of the Seventh Circuit reversed all of the mail fraud counts and one of the Hobbs Act counts. United States v. Staszcuk, 502 F.2d 875 (7th Cir. 1974). The en banc Seventh Circuit did the same. United States v. Staszcuk, 517 F.2d 53 (7th Cir. 1975) (en banc).
  86. ^ United States v. Summers, 598 F.2d 450 (5th Cir. 1979).
  87. ^ Adam Nossiter, New Blow to New Orleans in Council Member’s Plea, N.Y. Times, Aug. 14, 2007.
  88. ^ John Ellement, Boston Councilor Chuck Turner Convicted on All Counts in Corruption Case, Boston Globe, Oct. 29, 2010.
  89. ^ Vrdolyak plead guilty. See United States v. Vrdolyak, 593 F.3d 676 (7th Cir. 2010).
  90. ^ United States v. Williams, 264 F.3d 561 (5th Cir. 2001).
  91. ^ United States v. Woods, 915 F.2d 854 (3d Cir. 1990).
  92. ^ The Sixth Circuit reversed Beeler's conviction. United States v. Beeler, 587 F.2d 340 (6th Cir. 1978).
  93. ^ The Tenth Circuit reversed some of Boston's mail fraud convictions. United States v. Boston, 718 F.2d 1511 (10th Cir. 1983).
  94. ^ The Fifth Circuit reversed one of Brown's mail fraud convictions. United States v. Brown, 699 F.2d 704 (5th Cir. 1983).
  95. ^ United States v. Coyne, 4 F.3d 100 (2d Cir. 1993).
  96. ^ James F. McCarty, Federal prosecutors recommend Jimmy Dimora be sentenced to at least 22 years in prison, The Plain Dealer, July 23, 2012.
  97. ^ The Eleventh Circuit reversed one of Eaves's Hobbs Act convictions. United States v. Eaves, 877 F.2d 943 (11th Cir. 1989).
  98. ^ United States v. Edwards, 702 F.2d 529 (5th Cir. 1983).
  99. ^ Evans v. United States, 504 U.S. 255 (1992).
  100. ^ United States v. Forszt, 655 F.2d 101 (7th Cir. 1981).
  101. ^ United States v. Greenough, 782 F.2d 1556 (11th Cir. 1986) (per curiam).
  102. ^ United States v. Butler, 618 F.2d 411 (6th Cir. 1980).
  103. ^ Brian Allen, Verdicts Reached in Las Vegas Operation G-Sting Trial, 8 News Now.
  104. ^ Hooks plead guilty. Hooks Pleads Guilty to One of Two Felony Charges, Action News 5.
  105. ^ Ronald Smothers, Former New Jersey Official Admits Extorting Bribes, N.Y. Times, Oct. 4, 2002.
  106. ^ Johnson plead guilty. Johnson, Ex-County Executive in Prince George’s, Pleads Guilty to Taking Bribes, Wash. Post, May 17, 2011.
  107. ^ Kenny plead guilty. Brian Haynes, Kenny Reports to Prison, Las Vegas Rev. J., Oct. 17, 2007.
  108. ^ United States v. Kincaid-Chauncey, 556 F.3d 923 (9th Cir. 2009).
  109. ^ a b c The Eleventh Circuit reversed the mail fraud convictions in light of the Supreme Court's decision in McNally v. United States, 483 U.S. 350 (1987). United States v. Kotvas, 941 F.2d 1141 (11th Cir. 1991).
  110. ^ United States v. Loftus, 992 F.2d 793 (8th Cir. 1993).
  111. ^ Malone plead guilty. United States v. Malone, 308 F. App'x 193 (9th Cir. 2009).
  112. ^ United States v. Millet, 123 F.3d 268 (5th Cir. 1997).
  113. ^ United States v. Robinson, 700 F.2d 205 (5th Cir. 1983).
  114. ^ United States v. Price, 507 F.2d 1349 (4th Cir. 1974) (per curiam).
  115. ^ Skrepenak Pleads Guilty to Accepting Bribe, Times Leader, Jan. 26, 2010.
  116. ^ United States v. Sorrow, 732 F.2d 176 (11th Cir. 1984).
  117. ^ United States v. Stodola, 953 F.2d 266 (7th Cir. 1992).
  118. ^ Treffinger plead guilty. Ronald Smothers, Treffinger Pleads Guilty To Corruption, N.Y. Times, May 31, 2003.
  119. ^ United States v. Westmoreland, 841 F.2d 572 (5th Cir. 1988).
  120. ^ The Ninth Circuit reversed Adams's RICO conviction. United States v. Frega, 179 F.3d 793 (9th Cir. 1999).
  121. ^ a b United States v. Anderson, 626 F.2d 1358 (8th Cir. 1980).
  122. ^ Bodenheimer plead guilty. Pub. Integrity Section, Criminal Division, U.S. Dep't of Justice, Report to Congress on the Activities and Operations of the Public Integrity Section for 2004, at 30.
  123. ^ United States v. Brennan, 629 F. Supp. 283 (E.D.N.Y. 1986).
  124. ^ United States v. Cain, CRIM. No. 87–355–1, 1988 WL 36344 (E.D. Pa. Apr. 11, 1988), aff'd, 862 F.2d 311 (3d Cir. 1988) (unpublished table decision).
  125. ^ United States v. Clark, 646 F.2d 1259 (8th Cir. 1981).
  126. ^ The Eighth Circuit revered Dean's conviction for procedural reasons. United States v. Dean, 647 F.2d 779 (8th Cir. 1981).
  127. ^ United States v. Devine, 787 F.2d 1086 (7th Cir. 1986).
  128. ^ Dick Pothier & Daniel R. Biddle, Driggs Guilty Of Extortion Probe's 1st Verdict Against City Judge, Philadelphia Inquirer, Aug. 21, 1987.
  129. ^ Graham Meyer, The Ex Files, Chi. Magazine, June 2006.
  130. ^ United States v. Glecier, 923 F.2d 496 (7th Cir. 1991).
  131. ^ Judge Hamilton plead guilty. Pub. Integrity Section, Criminal Division, U.S. Dep't of Justice, Report to Congress on the Activities and Operations of the Public Integrity Section for 1978, at 14.
  132. ^ United States v. Harris, 700 F. Supp. 226 (E.D. Pa. 1988).
  133. ^ United States v. Holzer, 816 F.2d 304 (7th Cir. 1987). The Supreme Court vacated Holzer's conviction and remanded in light of its subsequent decision McNally v. United States, 483 U.S. 350 (1987). Holzer v. United States, 484 U.S. 807 (1987). On remand, the Seventh Circuit held that vacatur of the mail fraud and RICO convictions was warranted but upheld the Hobbs Act conviction. United States v. Holzer, 840 F.2d 1343 (7th Cir. 1988).
  134. ^ United States v. LeFevour, 798 F.2d 977 (7th Cir. 1986). LeFevour's habeas petition, in light of the Supreme Court's subsequent decision in McNally v. United States, 483 U.S. 350 (1987), was denied. LeFevour v. United States, 748 F. Supp. 579 (N.D. Ill. 1990).
  135. ^ United States v. Maloney, 71 F.3d 645 (7th Cir. 1995).
  136. ^ The Ninth Circuit reversed one of Malkus's RICO conviction. United States v. Frega, 179 F.3d 793 (9th Cir. 1999).
  137. ^ United States v. McCollom, No. 91 C 4621, 1991 WL 182259 (N.D. Ill. Sept. 12, 1991).
  138. ^ United States v. Mosely, 810 F.2d 93 (6th Cir. 1987).
  139. ^ United States v. Murphy, 768 F.2d 1518 (7th Cir. 1985).
  140. ^ a b Maurice Possley, Judge Sodini Pleads Guilty In Greylord, Chi. Trib., Jan. 21, 1987.
  141. ^ United States v. Reynolds, 821 F.2d 427 (7th Cir. 1987). Reynolds' habeas petition, in light of the Supreme Court's subsequent decision in McNally v. United States, 483 U.S. 350 (1987), was granted with regard to the mail fraud counts. United States v. Reynolds, No. 90 C 0930, 1990 WL 93330 (N.D. Ill. June 15, 1990).
  142. ^ Sayre plead guilty. United States v. Sayre, 400 F.3d 599 (8th Cir. 2005).
  143. ^ United States v. Scacchetti, 668 F.2d 643 (2d Cir. 1982).
  144. ^ United States v. Shenberg, 89 F.3d 1461 (11th Cir. 1996).
  145. ^ United States v. Shields, 999 F.2d 1090 (7th Cir. 1993).
  146. ^ Pub. Integrity Section, Criminal Division, U.S. Dep't of Justice, Report to Congress on the Activities and Operations of the Public Integrity Section for 2009, at 45.
  147. ^ United States v. Stillo, 57 F.3d 553 (7th Cir. 1995).
  148. ^ a b The Fifth Circuit vacated the program bribery convictions but affirmed the other convictions. United States v. Whitfield, 590 F.3d 325 (5th Cir. 2009).
  149. ^ Doherty, William F. (March 11, 1981). "O'Leary gets 18 months". The Boston Globe.