List of United States mobile virtual network operators

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Mobile virtual network operators (MVNOs) in the United States lease wireless telephone and data spectrum from major carriers such as AT&T Mobility, Sprint Corporation, T-Mobile US, and Verizon Wireless for resale.

Voice and data service operators[edit]

Company Host network Wireless technology[1] Website BYOD [2] Notes
420 Wireless AT&T GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 850/1900,
LTE bands 17/4
420wireless.com Yes Donates a portion of the proceeds to legalize cannabis in the US
Affinity Cellular Verizon CDMA affinitycellular.com No Markets exclusively to members of the American Automobile Association.
Cricket Wireless AT&T GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 850/1900,
LTE bands 17/4
cricketwireless.com Yes Subsidiary of AT&T.[3]
AirVoice Wireless AT&T GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 850/1900
airvoicewireless.com Yes
Black Wireless AT&T GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 850/1900
blackwireless.com Yes
Boost Mobile Sprint CDMA,
WiMAX,
LTE band 25
boostmobile.com No Subsidiary of Sprint Corporation.
Brightspot T-Mobile GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 1700/1900
brightspotmobile.com Yes Subsidiary of Target Corporation.
Speed Talk Mobile T-Mobile GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 1700/1900
speedtalkmobile.net Yes Marketed to Everyone.
BYO Verizon CDMA byowireless.com CDMA only (no SIM cards)
Cellular Abroad T-Mobile, AT&T GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 850/1900
cellularabroad.com Yes Markets to international travelers in the U.S.
Chit Chat Mobile Sprint CDMA,
WiMAX,
LTE band 25
chitchatmobile.com Limited Heavily focused in San Antonio/Texas. Allows activation of most Sprint devices.
CLOvEN Sprint CDMA,
WiMAX,
LTE band 25
clovenwireless.com Yes
Consumer Cellular AT&T GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 850/1900,
LTE bands 17/4
consumercellular.com Yes Marketed to seniors. Only AT&T MVNO that allows both LTE and voice, text, and data roaming.
Credo Mobile Sprint CDMA,
WiMAX,
LTE band 25
credomobile.com No Donates 1% of customer charges to nonprofit and activism groups. A division of Working Assets.
Divvy AT&T GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 850/1900
divvymobile.com Yes Encourages members to advertise the operator with social media.
EcoMobile Sprint CDMA,
WiMAX
ecomobile.com Limited Allows activation of Sprint devices.
Español Mobile Sprint CDMA,
WiMAX
espanolmobile.com Yes Targets the Hispanic comminity in the USA. Owned and operated by Pix Wireless
Expo Mobile Sprint CDMA,
WiMAX,
LTE band 25
expomobile.com Limited Allows activation of CDMA, WIMAX and LTE Sprint devices. Free Direct international calling.
Flash Wireless Sprint CDMA,
LTE
flashwireless.com No This is Sprint's generic bandwidth; Sprint in all but name, billed at discounts in the name of Flash Wireless (s), with proceeds apportioned towards the charity of Will-Play-for-Food.
Flash Wireless Verizon CDMA flashwireless.com CDMA only (no SIM cards) This is Verizon's generic bandwidth; Verizon in all but name, billed at discounts in the name of Flash Wireless, with proceeds apportioned towards the charity of Will-Play-for-Food.
FreedomPop Sprint CDMA,
WiMAX,
LTE bands 25 (FDD), 26 (FDD), 41 (TDD)
freedompop.com Limited[4] Voice calls and text message over data connection. Runs on WiMax, Sprint 3g, 4g and LTE [5]
GIV Mobile T-Mobile GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 1700/1900
givmobile.com Yes Donates 8% of a customer's bill to a chosen charity.
GHz Cellular AT&T GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 850/1900
ghzcellular.com Yes
good2GO Mobile AT&T GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 850/1900
good2gomobile.com Yes
good2GO Mobile Sprint CDMA,
WiMAX
good2gomobile.com Limited Allows activation of most Sprint devices.
GoSmart Mobile T-Mobile GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 1700/1900
gosmartmobile.com Yes Owned by T-Mobile US.
H2O Wireless AT&T GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 850/1900
h2owirelessnow.com Yes Owned by Locus Telecom.
i-wireless Sprint CDMA,
WiMAX
krogeriwireless.com Limited[6] Owned by Kroger.
iQ Mobile Verizon CDMA iqmss.com CDMA only (no SIM cards)
Itel UTel Sprint CDMA,
WiMAX,
LTE band 25
itelutel.com Limited Markets service under the Itel Wireless brand.
Jaguar Mobile Sprint CDMA jaguarmobile.com Limited
Jolt Mobile AT&T GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 850/1900
joltmobile.com Yes
Kajeet Sprint CDMA,
WiMAX
kajeet.com Limited Service targeted for children. Allows activation of some Sprint devices.
KDDI Mobile Sprint CDMA,
WiMAX
kddimobile.com No Markets to Japanese community.
KDDI Mobile SIM card plan AT&T GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 850/1900
kddimobile.com Yes Co-branded H2O Wireless SIM
LycaMobile T-Mobile GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 1700/1900
lycamobile.us Yes Owned by LycaMobile. No roaming access, service restricted to T-Mobile's network.
MetroPCS T-Mobile GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 1700/1900,
LTE band 4
metropcs.com Yes Owned by T-Mobile US.
NET10 Wireless T-Mobile GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 1700/1900,
LTE
(Nano Sims)
net10wireless.com Limited[7] Subsidiary of TracFone Wireless/América Móvil.
NET10 Wireless AT&T GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 850/1900,
LTE bands 17/4
net10wireless.com Limited Subsidiary of TracFone Wireless/América Móvil. BYOP is available at net10byop.com.
NET10 Wireless Verizon CDMA net10wireless.com CDMA only (no SIM cards) Allows activation of 3G Verizon devices.
NET10 Wireless Sprint CDMA,
WiMAX,
LTE band 25
net10wireless.com No
NewCell Sprint CDMA,
LTE band 25
newcellsolutions.com No Unlimited talk/text/data and full service anywhere there is a wi-fi signal.
NTT DoCoMo USA T-Mobile GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 1700/1900
docomousawireless.com No Subsidiary of NTT DoCoMo, web site in Japanese only
Page Plus Cellular Verizon CDMA pagepluscellular.com CDMA only (no SIM cards) Subsidiary of TracFone Wireless/América Móvil. Allows activations of most 3G and 4G Verizon phones including iPhones 4/4S and Blackberry. Limited to 3G speeds. iPhones now officially supported.
Pix Wireless Sprint CDMA,
WiMAX
pixwireless.com Yes Allows activation of Sprint devices.
Pond Mobile Sprint, Beeline CDMA,
GSM
pondmobile.com No Marketed to frequent travelers.
Proven Wireless Sprint CDMA provenwireless.com Yes
Proven Wireless Verizon CDMA provenwireless.com CDMA only (no SIM cards)
Proven Wireless T-Mobile GSM provenwireless.com Yes
PTel (PlatinumTel) T-Mobile GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 1700/1900
ptel.com Yes Owned by PTel. No roaming access, service restricted to T-Mobile's network.
Pure TalkUSA AT&T GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 850/1900
puretalkusa.com Yes
RadioShack No Contract Wireless Cricket, Sprint CDMA radioshack.com No Joint venture of RadioShack and Cricket Communications. 3G data provided by Sprint CDMA network.
Ready Mobile Sprint CDMA readymobile.com Yes Owned by MVNA, Ready Wireless
Ready Mobile Verizon CDMA readymobile.com No Owned by MVNA, Ready Wireless
Ready SIM T-Mobile GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 1700/1900
readysim.com Yes Marketed to travelers. SIM card shipped worldwide. Operated by Roam Mobility.
Red Pocket Mobile AT&T GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 850/1900
goredpocket.com Yes
Red Pocket Mobile Sprint CDMA,
LTE band 25
goredpocket.com Limited
Red Pocket Mobile Verizon CDMA goredpocket.com CDMA only (no SIM cards)
Republic Wireless Sprint CDMA republicwireless.com No A division of Bandwidth.com, Inc. Primarily uses VoIP over Wi-Fi. Cellular network on Sprint and roaming partners, including but not limited to Verizon.
Ring Plus, Inc Sprint CDMA,
WiMAX,
LTE band 25
ringplus.net Yes Can activate Sprint handsets.[8]
Roam Mobility T-Mobile GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 1700/1900
roammobility.com Yes Sold in Canada only. Marketed to travelers to the U.S.
Scratch Wireless Sprint CDMA scratchwireless.com No Free messaging and VoIP calling.
Selectel Wireless Verizon CDMA selectelwireless.com CDMA only (no SIM cards) Activates Verizon 3G devices (excluding BlackBerry). Coverage includes Verizon and its roaming partners.
Shaka Mobile Sprint CDMA shakamobile.com No
SIM Shalom Mobile AT&T GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 850/1900
simshalom.co.il Yes Markets to Israelis traveling to the U.S.
Simple Mobile T-Mobile GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 1700/1900,
HSPA+ 1700
mysimplemobile.com Yes Subsidiary of TracFone Wireless/América Móvil.
SkyView Wireless AT&T GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 850/1900
skyvw.com Yes
Smart Voyager Globe Telecom GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 1700/1900
smartvoyager.co.uk Yes International roaming SIM for travellers and the maritime industry (calls to Inmarsat from only 0.19 USD/min). Headquarters in the United Kingdom.
Solavei T-Mobile GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 1700/1900
solavei.com Yes
Spot Mobile T-Mobile GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 1700/1900
spotmobile.com Yes
Speed Talk Mobile T-Mobile GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 1700/1900
speedtalkmobile.com Yes
Straight Talk T-Mobile GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 1700/1900,
LTE
(Nano Sims)
straighttalk.com Yes Subsidiary of TracFone Wireless/América Móvil. Venture with Walmart. Phones using T-Mobile's network are labeled "GSM-T" on the packaging. Voice calls and SMS texts allowed while roaming.
Straight Talk AT&T GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 850/1900,
LTE bands 17/4
straighttalk.com Yes Phones using AT&T's network are labeled "GSM-A" on the packaging. Voice calls and SMS texts allowed while roaming.
Straight Talk Verizon CDMA straighttalk.com CDMA only (no SIM cards) Subsidiary of TracFone Wireless/América Móvil. Phones using Verizon's network are labeled "CDMA-V" on the packaging. Limited BYOP available at straighttalkbyop.com.
Straight Talk Sprint CDMA,
WiMAX,
LTE band 25
straighttalk.com Yes Phones using Sprint's network are labeled "CDMA-S" on the packaging.
Ting Sprint CDMA,
WiMAX,
LTE band 25
ting.com Limited Allows activation of Sprint phones.[9] Voice-only roaming on Verizon and U.S. Cellular. Owned by Tucows.
Telcel América T-Mobile GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 1700/1900
telcelamerica.com Yes Subsidiary of TracFone Wireless/América Móvil. Marketed to Hispanic consumers.
Telcel América Verizon CDMA,
850/1900MHZ
telcelamerica.com No Subsidiary of TracFone Wireless/América Móvil. Marketed to Hispanic consumers.
Telcel América Sprint CDMA,
850/1900MHZ
telcelamerica.com No Subsidiary of TracFone Wireless/América Móvil. Marketed to Hispanic consumers.
Telcel América AT&T GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 850/1900
telcelamerica.com No Subsidiary of TracFone Wireless/América Móvil. Marketed to Hispanic consumers.
Tempo Telecom Sprint CDMA,
LTE band 25
mytempo.com No
TextNow Sprint CDMA,
WiMAX,
LTE band 25
textnow.com No Claims to be the world's first all-IP mobile operator.[10] Uses a VoIP/SMS app.
TotoWireless Sprint CDMA,
WiMAX,
LTE band 25
totowireless.com Yes Subsidiary of Toto Communications, Inc. Also operates as an MVNE.
TravelSim T-Mobile, AT&T GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 1700/1900
travelsim.com Yes International roaming SIM that operates as MVNO. Headquarters in Estonia.
Truphone T-Mobile (4G), AT&T (2G only) GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 1700/1900
truphone.com Yes International SIM that operates as a local MVNO in some countries. Based in Raleigh, NC.
TVC Mobile T-Mobile GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 1700/1900
tvcmobile.com Yes
Ultra Mobile T-Mobile GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 1700/1900
LTE 1700
ultra.me Yes Specializing in international plans/texting. Offers 1,000 free minutes to several countries, including Mexico and UK.
UWT Mobile AT&T, Sprint, T-Mobile GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 1700/1900
uwtmobile.com Yes International roaming SIM Cards.
Univision Mobile T-Mobile en.univisionmobile.com Yes Specializes in contacting Latin America, univisionmobile.com (without "en." subdomain) is in Spanish.
UppWireless T-Mobile GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 1700/1900
uppwireless.com Yes Data only plans. Unlimited Talk/Text through VoIP
Virgin Mobile USA Sprint CDMA,
WiMAX,
LTE band 25
virginmobileusa.com No Subsidiary of Sprint Corporation.
Votel Mobile Sprint CDMA votelmobile.com No Marketed to Persian consumers.
Voyager Mobile Sprint CDMA,
WiMAX,
LTE band 25
voyagermobile.com Limited Startup by Voyager Telecom.
Walmart Family Mobile T-Mobile GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 1700/1900
myfamilymobile.com Yes Venture between Walmart and T-Mobile. Data delivered at 3G speeds.[11]
Wizie Mobile Sprint CDMA,
WiMAX,
3G/4G LTE
and
GoWiMi.Com Yes Operating Brands GoWiMi and Wizie mobile
XCellular USA Sprint CDMA,
WiMAX,
LTE band 25
xcellularusa.net Limited Owned by G Link Systems, Inc.
Zact Sprint CDMA,
WiMAX,
LTE band 25
zact.com No Provides app-specific data plans such as Maps & Navigation or Facebook without full internet access. Roams on Verizon.
Zing pcs Sprint CDMA,
WiMAX,
LTE band 25
zingpcs.com Limited Owned by Flate Inc.

Voice service operators[edit]

The following table lists operators focused on providing voice calls. Additional services may include SMS and basic low-speed data access.

Company Host network Wireless technology Website Notes
AirLink Mobile Sprint CDMA 1900 airlinkmobile.com
Earthtones AT&T GSM 850/1900 earthtones.com Donates all profits to environmental organizations.
Español Mobile Sprint CDMA espanolmobile.com Owned and operated by Pix Wireless. Allows activation of Sprint devices.
GreatCall Verizon CDMA 1900 greatcall.com Formerly Jitterbug, still sells Jitterbug model. Marketed to seniors.
H2O Wireless Verizon CDMA 850/1900 h2owirelesscdma.com Owned by Locus Telecom.
Jaguar Mobile Sprint CDMA jaguarmobile.com
Liberty Wireless Sprint CDMA 1900 libertywireless.com
Mobal Freedom AT&T GSM 850/1900 mobalfreedom.com
Pix Wireless Sprint CDMA pixwireless.com Allows activation of Sprint devices.
Pure Unlimited AT&T GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 850/1900
pureunlimited.net Formerly Pure Prepaid.
Q Link Wireless Sprint CDMA 1900 QLinkWireless.com Federally assisted wireless service.
STI Mobile Sprint CDMA 1900 stimobile.com
Total Call Mobile Sprint CDMA 1900 totalcallmobile.com
TracFone AT&T, T-Mobile, Sprint, Verizon GSM,
CDMA
tracfone.com Subsidiary of América Móvil. Data access charged as minutes while browser is running.
ZERO11 Wireless AT&T GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 850/1900
zero11wireless.com Owned by Americatel. Subsidiary of Red Pocket Mobile.

Mobile broadband operators[edit]

Unless specified otherwise, mobile broadband providers require the purchase of a dedicated mobile broadband modem.

Company Host network Wireless technology Website Notes
BroadbandBLUE Sprint CDMA broadbandblue.com
DataJack Sprint CDMA,
WiMAX
datajack.com No contract and no credit check required.
EarthLink Sprint WiMAX earthlink.net
EcoMobile Sprint CDMA,
WiMAX
ecomobile.com Allows activation of Sprint devices.
Español Mobile Sprint CDMA espanolmobile.com Owned and operated by Pix Wireless. Allows activation of Sprint devices.
FreedomPop Sprint CDMA,
WiMAX,
LTE
freedompop.com Sprint 3G data access with dedicated device.
GHz Wireless Sprint[12] CDMA,
WiMAX,
LTE
ghzwireless.com
H2O Wireless Sprint WiMAX h2owirelessnow.com Owned by Locus Telecom.
i-wireless Sprint CDMA,
WiMAX
iwirelesshome.com Owned by Kroger.
Internet on the Go Sprint CDMA,
WiMAX
internet-go.com Owned by Walmart.
Karma Sprint WiMAX yourkarma.com Encourages sharing connection with non-subscribers. Data does not expire. LTE support coming in 2014.[13]
Millenicom Verizon CDMA,
LTE
millenicom.com Plan features usage of a no contract LTE HotSpot at $89.99 per 20 GB unit.
NetZero Sprint WiMAX netzero.com Transitioning to Verizon's CDMA and Sprint's CDMA/LTE network in Q2 2014.[14]
Ready Mobile PCS Sprint CDMA,
WiMAX
readymobile.com
Pix Wireless Sprint CDMA,
WiMAX
pixwireless.com Allows activation of Sprint devices.
Red Pocket Mobile T-Mobile GSM,
UMTS
goredpocket.com No dedicated modem required.
SIMple Mobile T-Mobile GSM,
UMTS
mysimplemobile.com No dedicated modem required. Subsidiary of TracFone Wireless/América Móvil.
Ting Sprint CDMA,
WiMAX
ting.com Owned by Tucows.
TruConnect Sprint CDMA truconnect.com
Virgin Mobile USA Sprint CDMA,
WiMAX,
LTE
virginmobileusa.com Owned by Sprint Corporation.

M2M and business services operators[edit]

Machine to machine (M2M) services providers
Company Host network Wireless technology Website Notes
Aeris Communications Sprint, EE, Vodafone GSM,
CDMA
aeris.com Global network provider.
CrossBridge Solutions (Telit) AT&T, Sprint, Verizon, Rogers, Iridium, Vodafone, Telefónica GSM,
CDMA
crossbridgesolutions.com Global provider.
Jazz Wireless Data T-Mobile, Verizon, Rogers, Telefónica GSM,
CDMA
jazzwirelessdata.com Global provider.
KORE Telematics Vodafone, AT&T, Verizon, Rogers GSM,
CDMA,
Satellite
koretelematics.com Global provider, business services only.
Raco Wireless T-Mobile, EE, Sprint, Telefónica, Rogers GSM,
CDMA
racowireless.com Global provider.
Wyless Group T-Mobile (USA, UK, Austria), Verizon, Sprint, Rogers, Telefónica, Claro (Brazil), Vivo (Brazil), Singtel (Asia), O2 (UK, Ireland) and others CDMA 1900,
GSM 850/1900, LTE
wyless.com Global network, hardware, and managed services provider.

Providers of business services[edit]

Company Host network Wireless technology Website Notes
Cbeyond Sprint CDMA 1900 cbeyond.net Business services. Formerly Beyond Mobile.
CHT Global Sprint CDMA,
LTE band 25
chtglobal.com Launched in July 2013.[15]
Cognia Mobile T-Mobile GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 850/1900
cognia.com In-network mobile recording.
Excel Wireless Sprint CDMA 1900 excelws.net

Defunct, merged and acquired operators[edit]

Company Host network Wireless technology Website End date Notes
7-Eleven Speak Out Wireless AT&T, Sprint GSM,
CDMA
2010
Amp'd Mobile Verizon CDMA 2007 Bankrupt.
Circle-K Talk-and-Go AT&T GSM 2011
Comcast Sprint, Clearwire CDMA,
WiMAX
2011 No longer offering mobile services.
Common Cents Mobile Sprint CDMA 2011 Defunct and merged into payLo by Virgin Mobile.
Cox Sprint CDMA 2012
Disney Mobile Sprint CDMA 2007
Embarq Sprint CDMA 2009
ESPN MVP Sprint CDMA 2006
Firefly Mobile AT&T GSM,
UMTS
fireflymobile.com 2012 Ceased MVNO sales. Still sells GSM phones for use with other providers.
Fuzion Mobile AT&T GSM,
UMTS
fuzionmobile.com 2013 Website times out; this provider may be out of business.
GTC Wireless AT&T GSM 2009 Merged with Total Call Mobile.
Helio Sprint CDMA 2010 Shutdown after purchase by Virgin Mobile USA.
iQ Cellular AT&T, Sprint, Verizon CDMA 2014 iQ Cellular is no longer providing cellular services.
Jump Mobile Cricket CDMA 2010 Leap Wireless retired the Jump Mobile brand.
Lucky Wireless Verizon CDMA 2011
Mi Gente Mobile Sprint CDMA,
LTE
migentemobile.com 2013 Lifestyle brand targeting Latinos. Website times out; this provider may be out of business.
Mingo Wireless Sprint CDMA,
WiMAX
mingowireless.com 2012
MOSH Mobile Centennial Wireless GSM 2012
Movida Sprint CDMA 2012
Omni Prepaid omniprepaid.com 2012 Left the MVNO Market in 2012.
Next G Mobile Verizon CDMA nextgmobile.com 2013 Shut down 12/31/13.
Phonata AT&T, Sprint, Verizon GSM,
UMTS,
CDMA
phonata.com 2013
PrepaYd Wireless Sprint CDMA,
WiMAX
prepaydwireless.com 2014 MVNO Agreement ended by Sprint.
Pure Mobile Verizon GSM usepuremobile.com 2012 Acquired by PureTalkUSA, now GSM only (AT&T).
Qwest Wireless Sprint CDMA 2010
Simple Freedom Alltel CDMA 2007 A prepaid subsidiary of Alltel. Merged with Alltel "U Prepaid."
Solavei T-Mobile GSM 850/1900,
UMTS 1700/1900
www.solavei.com 2014 Filed for chapter 11 18/06/2014.
SWT Mobile AT&T GSM,
UMTS
swtmobile.com 2013
TalkForGood Verizon CDMA talkforgood.com 2013
Trumpet Mobile Sprint CDMA 1900 trumpetmobile.com 2013 Merged with Ready Mobile.
TúYo Mobile T-Mobile GSM tuyo.com 2012 Owned by IDT Corporation.
Voce AT&T GSM 2008 Bankrupt.
WOW Mobile PCS Sprint CDMA wowpcsdotorg.homestead.com 2012
Zapp Sprint CDMA zappunlimited.com 2012 Acquired by PrepaYd Wireless.
ZUMA Prepaid Sprint CDMA 1900 amitygroup.com/zuma.htm 2013

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ GSM, CDMA, UMTS, WiMAX, LTE, HSPA
  2. ^ BOYD or BYOP -- "Bring Your Own Device/Phone." Willing to connect compatible devices not sold by the company.
  3. ^ "AT&T Completes Acquisition of Leap Wireless". Leap Wireless. Retrieved 2012-03-23. 
  4. ^ FreedomPop launches limited Sprint BYOD program, but iPhone remains MIA
  5. ^ "FreedomPop Expands Network To Include Nationwide LTE Wireless Internet Service". 2013-10-01. Retrieved 2010-10-06. 
  6. ^ https://krogeriwireless.com/byosd
  7. ^ BYOD for unlimited plans only Net10 SIM Card Details Page
  8. ^ Check Your Device | RingPlus. My.ringplus.net. Retrieved on 2014-05-19.
  9. ^ BYOD: Supported Devices : Ting Help Center. Help.ting.com. Retrieved on 2014-05-19.
  10. ^ Moon, Mariella. (2013-03-26) TextNow launches IP-based mobile phone service starting at $19 per month. Engadget.com. Retrieved on 2014-05-19.
  11. ^ "Speed Boost Options". Retrieved 2013-09-20. 
  12. ^ FAQ. GHz Cellular. Retrieved on 2014-05-19.
  13. ^ "'Social bandwidth' MVNO Karma crosses 50K subs, jumps onto Sprint's LTE network". 2013-11-06. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 
  14. ^ NetZero Wireless signs MVNO pacts with Verizon, Sprint - FierceWirelessTech. Fiercebroadbandwireless.com (2013-08-02). Retrieved on 2014-05-19.
  15. ^ "Chunghwa subsidiary inks MVNO deal with Sprint". TeleGeography. 2013-07-02. Retrieved 2013-08-12.