List of United States presidential candidates

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The first US presidential election was held in 1789, followed by the second in 1792. Presidential elections have been held every four years thereafter.

1789-1800[edit]

This is a list of candidates under the original wording of the US Constitution, which was in effect from 1788 to 1803.

Year Winning Candidate (party) Vice President (party) Losing Candidate(s) (party)
1789 George Washington (no party) John Adams (no party) John Rutledge, John Hancock, Samuel Huntington, Benjamin Lincoln, John Jay (Federalist); George Clinton (no party)
1792 George Washington (Federalist) John Adams (no party) George Clinton (no party), Thomas Jefferson (Democratic-Republican), Aaron Burr (Democratic-Republican)
1796 John Adams (Federalist) Thomas Jefferson (Democratic-Republican) Federalists: Oliver Ellsworth, John Jay, James Iredell, Samuel Johnston, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney; Democratic-Republicans: Aaron Burr, Thomas Pinckney
1800 Thomas Jefferson (Democratic-Republican) Aaron Burr (Democratic-Republican) John Adams, Charles Pinckney, John Jay

1804-1852[edit]

This is list of candidates for the office of President of the United States after the adoption of the 12th Amendment and prior to 1856 who received at least one electoral vote.

Year Winning Candidate (Party) Losing Candidate(s) (Party)
1804 Thomas Jefferson (Democratic-Republican) Charles Pinckney (Federalist)
1808 James Madison (Democratic-Republican) Charles Pinckney (Federalist), George Clinton (Democratic-Republican)
1812 James Madison (Democratic-Republican) Dewitt Clinton (Federalist)
1816 James Monroe (Democratic-Republican) Rufus King (Federalist)
1820 James Monroe (Democratic-Republican) John Q. Adams (Democratic-Republican)
1824 John Q. Adams (Democratic-Republican) Andrew Jackson, William H. Crawford, Henry Clay (Democratic-Republican)
1828 Andrew Jackson (Democratic) John Q. Adams (National Republican)
1832 Andrew Jackson (Democratic) Henry Clay, John Floyd (National Republican); William Wirt (Anti-Masonic)
1836 Martin Van Buren (Democratic) William Henry Harrison, Hugh L. White, Daniel Webster, W. P. Mangum (Whig)
1840 William Henry Harrison (Whig) Martin Van Buren (Democratic)
1844 James K. Polk (Democratic) Henry Clay (Whig), James G. Birney, Amos Ellmaker (Liberty)
1848 Zachary Taylor (Whig) Lewis Cass (Democratic), Martin Van Buren (Free Soil)
1852 Franklin Pierce (Democratic) Winfield Scott (Whig), John P. Hale (Free Soil)

1856-present[edit]

This is a list of candidates for the offices of President of the United States and Vice President of the United States in general elections since 1856. The winning tickets are shown in bold.

Year Democratic Republican Other
1856 James Buchanan (Pa.) – John C. Breckinridge (Ky.) John Fremont (Calif.) – William Dayton (N.J.) Millard FillmoreAndrew Jackson Donelson (Know Nothing)
1860 Stephen A. Douglas (Ill.) – Herschel Vespasian Johnson (Ga.) Abraham Lincoln (Ill.) – Hannibal Hamlin (Maine) John C. BreckinridgeJoseph Lane (Southern Democratic)
John BellEdward Everett (Constitutional Union)
1864 George McClellan (N.J.) – George Hunt Pendleton (Ohio) Abraham Lincoln (Ill.) – Andrew Johnson (Tenn.)  
1868 Horatio Seymour (N.Y.) – Francis Blair (Mo.) Ulysses S. Grant (Ill.) – Schuyler Colfax (Ind.)  
1872 Horace Greeley (N.Y.) – B. Gratz Brown (Mo.) Ulysses S. Grant (Ill.) – Henry Wilson (Mass.) Charles O'ConorCharles Francis Adams (Straight Out Democratic)
1876 Samuel J. Tilden (N.Y.) – Thomas Hendricks (Ind.) Rutherford B. Hayes (Ohio) – William A. Wheeler (N.Y.) Peter CooperSamuel Fenton Cary (Greenback Labor)
Green Clay SmithGideon T. Stewart (Prohibition)
1880 Winfield Scott Hancock (Pa.) – William English (Ind.) James Garfield (Ohio) – Chester A. Arthur (N.Y.) James B. WeaverBenjamin J. Chambers (Greenback Labor)
Neal Dow – Henry A. Thompson (Prohibition)
1884 Grover Cleveland (N.Y.) – Thomas Hendricks (Ind.) James Blaine (Maine) – John A. Logan (Ill.) Benjamin F. ButlerAbsolom M. West (Greenback/Anti-Monopoly)
John P. St. JohnWilliam Daniel (Prohibition)
1888 Grover Cleveland (N.Y.) – Allen G. Thurman (Ohio) Benjamin Harrison (Ind.) – Levi Morton (N.Y.) Clinton B. Fisk – John A. Brooks (Prohibition)
Alson J. Streeter – Charles E. Cunningham (Union Labor)
1892 Grover Cleveland (N.Y.) – Adlai E. Stevenson (Ill.) Benjamin Harrison (Ind.) – Whitelaw Reid (N.Y.) James B. Weaver – James G. Field (Populist)
John BidwellJames B. Cranfill (Prohibition)
Simon WingCharles H. Matchett (Socialist Labor)
1896 William Jennings Bryan (Neb.) – Arthur Sewall (Maine) William McKinley (Ohio) – Garret Hobart (N.J.) John M. Palmer (Ill.) – Simon Bolivar Buckner, Sr. (Ky.) (National Democratic)
Joshua LeveringHale Johnson (Prohibition)
Charles H. Matchett – Matthew Maguire (Socialist Labor)
1900 William Jennings Bryan (Neb.) – Adlai E. Stevenson (Ill.) William McKinley (Ohio) – Theodore Roosevelt (N.Y.) John G. WoolleyHenry B. Metcalf (Prohibition)
Eugene V. Debs (Ind.) – Job Harriman (Socialist)
Wharton BarkerIgnatius L. Donnelly (Populist)
Joseph F. MaloneyValentine Remmel (Socialist Labor)
1904 Alton B. Parker (N.Y.) – Henry G. Davis (W.V.) Theodore Roosevelt (N.Y.) – Charles W. Fairbanks (Ind.) Eugene V. Debs (Ind.) – Benjamin Hanford (Socialist)
Silas C. SwallowGeorge Washington Carroll (Prohibition)
Thomas E. WatsonThomas Tibbles (Populist)
Charles H. Corregan – William Wesley Cox (Socialist Labor)
1908 William Jennings Bryan (Neb.) – John W. Kern (Ind.) William Howard Taft (Ohio) – James S. Sherman (N.Y.) Eugene V. Debs (Ind.) – Benjamin Hanford (Socialist)
Eugene W. ChafinAaron S. Watkins (Prohibition)
Thomas L. Hisgen – John Temple Graves (Independence)
August Gillhaus – Donald L. Munro (Socialist Labor)
1912 Woodrow Wilson (N.J.) – Thomas R. Marshall (Ind.) William Howard Taft (Ohio) – James S. Sherman (N.Y.)/Nicholas M. Butler (N.Y.)* Theodore Roosevelt (N.Y.) – Hiram W. Johnson (Calif.) (Progressive)
Eugene V. Debs (Ind.) – Emil Seidel (Socialist)
Eugene W. ChafinAaron S. Watkins (Prohibition)
Arthur E. ReimerAugust Gillhaus (Socialist Labor)
1916 Woodrow Wilson (N.J.) – Thomas R. Marshall (Ind.) Charles Evans Hughes (N.Y.) – Charles W. Fairbanks (Ind.) Allan L. BensonGeorge R. Kirkpatrick (Socialist)
J. Frank Hanly – Ira Landrith (Prohibition)
Arthur E. ReimerCaleb Harrison (Socialist Labor)
1920 James M. Cox (Ohio) – Franklin D. Roosevelt (N.Y.) Warren G. Harding (Ohio) – Calvin Coolidge (Mass.) Eugene V. Debs (Ind.) – Seymour Stedman (Socialist)
Parley P. ChristensenMaximillian Hays (Farmer-Labor)
Aaron WatkinsD. Leigh Colvin (Prohibition)
1924 John W. Davis (W.V.) – Charles W. Bryan (Neb.) Calvin Coolidge (Mass.) – Charles G. Dawes (Ill.) Robert M. LaFolletteBurton K. Wheeler (Progressive)
Frank T. JohnsVerne L. Reynolds (Socialist Labor)
1928 Al Smith (N.Y.) – Joseph Taylor Robinson (Ark.) Herbert Hoover (Calif.) – Charles Curtis (Kans.) Norman Thomas – James H. Maurer (Socialist)
William Z. FosterBen Gitlow (Communist)
Verne L. Reynolds – Jeremiah D. Crowley (Socialist Labor)
1932 Franklin D. Roosevelt (N.Y.) – John Nance Garner (Tex.) Herbert Hoover (Calif.) – Charles Curtis (Kans.) Norman Thomas – James H. Maurer (Socialist)
William Z. FosterJames W. Ford (Communist)
William D. Upshaw – Frank S. Regan (Prohibition)
Verne L. Reynolds – John W. Aiken (Socialist Labor)
1936 Franklin D. Roosevelt (N.Y.) – John Nance Garner (Tex.) Alf Landon (Kans.) – Frank Knox (Ill.) William Lemke – Thomas C. O'Brien (Union)
Norman Thomas – George A. Nelson (Socialist)
Earl BrowderJames W. Ford (Communist)
D. Leigh ColvinClaude A. Watson (Prohibition)
1940 Franklin D. Roosevelt (N.Y.) – Henry A. Wallace (Iowa) Wendell Willkie (Ind.) – Charles L. McNary (Ore.) Norman ThomasMaynard C. Krueger (Socialist)
Roger W. Babson – Edgar V. Moorman (Prohibition)
1944 Franklin D. Roosevelt (N.Y.) – Harry S. Truman (Mo.) Thomas Dewey (N.Y.) – John W. Bricker (Ohio) Norman ThomasDarlington Hoopes (Socialist)
Claude A. Watson – Andrew Johnson (Prohibition)
1948 Harry S. Truman (Mo.) – Alben W. Barkley (Ky.) Thomas Dewey (N.Y.) – Earl Warren (Calif.) Strom ThurmondFielding L. Wright (States' Rights)
Henry A. WallaceGlen H. Taylor (Progressive)
Norman Thomas – Tucker P. Smith (Socialist)
Edward A. Teichert – Stephen Emery (Socialist Labor)
1952 Adlai Stevenson II (Ill.) – John Sparkman (Ala.) Dwight D. Eisenhower (N.Y.) – Richard Nixon (Calif.) Vincent HallinanCharlotta Bass (Progressive)
Eric HassGeorgia Cozzini (Socialist Labor)
1956 Adlai Stevenson II (Ill.) – Estes Kefauver (Tenn.) Dwight D. Eisenhower (N.Y.) – Richard Nixon (Calif.)  
1960 John F. Kennedy (Mass.) – Lyndon B. Johnson (Tex.) Richard Nixon (Calif.) – Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. (Mass.)  
1964 Lyndon B. Johnson (Tex.) – Hubert Humphrey (Minn.) Barry Goldwater (Ariz.) – William E. Miller (N.Y.)  
1968 Hubert Humphrey (Minn.) – Edmund Muskie (Maine) Richard Nixon (N.Y.) – Spiro Agnew (Md.) George WallaceCurtis LeMay (American Independent)
1972 George McGovern (S.D.) – Sargent Shriver (Md.) Richard Nixon (N.Y.) – Spiro Agnew (Md.) John G. SchmitzThomas J. Anderson (American Independent)
1976 Jimmy Carter (Ga.) – Walter Mondale (Minn.) Gerald Ford (Mich.) – Bob Dole (Kans.) Eugene McCarthy – (various) (Independent)
Roger MacBrideDavid Bergland (Libertarian)
Peter CamejoWillie Mae Reid (Socialist Workers)
Gus HallJarvis Tyner (Communist)
Lyndon LaRouche – Ronald Wayne Evans (Labor)
1980 Jimmy Carter (Ga.) – Walter Mondale (Minn.) Ronald Reagan (Calif.) – George H. W. Bush (Tex.) John B. AndersonPatrick J. Lucey (Independent)
Ed ClarkDavid H. Koch (Libertarian)
Barry CommonerLaDonna Harris (Citizens)
Gus HallAngela Davis (Communist)
1984 Walter Mondale (Minn.) – Geraldine Ferraro (N.Y.) Ronald Reagan (Calif.) – George H. W. Bush (Tex.) David BerglandJames A. Lewis (Libertarian)
Dennis L. Serrette – Nancy Ross (New Alliance)
1988 Michael Dukakis (Mass.) – Lloyd Bentsen (Tex.) George H. W. Bush (Tex.) – Dan Quayle (Ind.) Ron PaulAndre Marrou (Libertarian)
Lenora Fulani – (various) (New Alliance)
1992 Bill Clinton (Ark.) – Al Gore (Tenn.) George H. W. Bush (Tex.) – Dan Quayle (Ind.) Ross PerotJames Stockdale (Independent)
Andre MarrouNancy Lord (Libertarian)
Lenora FulaniMaria Elizabeth Muñoz (New Alliance)
1996 Bill Clinton (Ark.) – Al Gore (Tenn.) Bob Dole (Kans.) – Jack Kemp (N.Y.) Ross PerotPatrick Choate (Reform)
Harry BrowneJo Jorgensen (Libertarian)
Howard PhillipsHerb Titus (Taxpayers)
John Hagelin – Michael Tompkins (Natural Law)
2000 Al Gore (Tenn.) – Joe Lieberman (Conn.) George W. Bush (Tex.) – Dick Cheney (Wyo.) Ralph NaderWinona LaDuke (Green)
Pat Buchanan – Ezola Foster (Reform)
Harry BrowneArt Olivier (Libertarian)
Howard PhillipsCurtis Frazier (Constitution)
John HagelinNat Goldhaber (Natural Law)
2004 John Kerry (Mass.) – John Edwards (N.C.) George W. Bush (Tex.) – Dick Cheney (Wyo.) Ralph NaderPeter Camejo (Independent/Reform)
Michael BadnarikRichard Campagna (Libertarian)
Michael PeroutkaChuck Baldwin (Constitution)
David CobbPat LaMarche (Green)
2008 Barack Obama (Ill.) – Joseph Biden (Del.) John McCain (Ariz.) – Sarah Palin (Alaska) Bob BarrWayne Allyn Root (Libertarian)
Ralph NaderMatt Gonzalez (Independent)
Cynthia McKinneyRosa Clemente (Green)
Chuck BaldwinDarrell Castle (Constitution)
2012 Barack Obama (Ill.) – Joseph Biden (Del.) Mitt Romney (Mass.) – Paul Ryan (Wis.) Jill Stein - Cheri Honkala (Green)
Gary Johnson - Jim Gray (Libertarian)

Note:

  • VP James S. Sherman died on 30 October 1912, just days before the election. Even though his name remained on the 1912 presidential ballot, nevertheless he could not be awarded electoral votes. Thus, when the Electoral College met, those electors pledged to Taft voted for educator Nicholas Murray Butler in Sherman's place. Butler had no illusions that he would be elected, as Taft came in third of the then-three major parties, behind Woodrow Wilson (Democrat) and Theodore Roosevelt (Progressive).

See also[edit]