List of University of Chicago faculty
This list of University of Chicago faculty contains past and current instructors and administrators at the University of Chicago.
 Graduate Library School (1928-1989)
- Lester Asheim
- Abraham Bookstein
- Lee Pierce Butler
- Leon Carnovsky
- Margaret Egan
- Sara I. Fenwick
- Herman H. Fussler
- Frances E. Henne
- Carleton B. Joeckel
- W. Boyd Rayward
- Jesse Shera
- Don R. Swanson
- Peggy Sullivan
- Zena Sutherland
- Robert W. Wadsworth
- Douglas Waples
- Louis Round Wilson
- Howard W. Winger
- Victor Yngve
This School, established with funding from the Carnegie Foundation, so important to the development of U.S. librarianship in the 20th century, was closed in 1989. For details see: Graduate Library School, University of Chicago, 1928-1989.
- Frederick A. de Armas – Andrew W. Mellon Professor in Humanities and Professor of Spanish and Comparative Literature; also Chair of the Department of Romance Languages and Literatures.
- Saul Bellow (X. 1939) – Former Raymond W. and Martha Hilpert Gruner Distinguished Service Professor in the Committee on Social Thought and English. Winner of the Pulitzer Prize and the Nobel Prize in Literature.
- Lauren Berlant – George M. Pullman Professor of English.
- Homi K. Bhabha – Former Professor of English.
- Allan Bloom – Author of The Closing of the American Mind; former Professor in the Committee on Social Thought.
- Wayne C. Booth – George M. Pullman Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus.
- Kenneth Burke –
- John Maxwell Coetzee – 2003 Nobel Prize laureate in Literature; Distinguished Professor in the Committee on Social Thought.
- David Bevington – Perhaps the most eminent living scholar of the work of William Shakespeare.
- T. S. Eliot – Influential poet, dramatist and literary critic. Member of the University of Chicago's famed Committee on Social Thought.
- Ralph Ellison – National Book Award winner for Invisible Man, one of the most important novels since World War II.
- Leela Gandhi – postcolonial theorist and British English professor
- Gerald Graff (A.B. 1959) – Former Professor of English and Education.
- Mark Strand – Former Professor in the Committee on Social Thought. Pulitzer Prize winner.
- Thornton Wilder – Professor (1930–1937). Winner of the National Book Award, and the Presidential Medal of Freedom, and three-time winner of the Pulitzer Prize.
- Norman Maclean – Author of A River Runs Through It
- Chicago School of literary criticism – Group of faculty members at the University of Chicago (R.S. Crane, Elder Olson, Wayne Booth) who founded neo-Aristotelianism.
- A. B. Yehoshua (born 1936), Israeli novelist, essayist, and playwright
 Law School
- Gerhard Casper – Former Dean of the Law School and Provost at the University of Chicago. President Emeritus of Stanford University.
- Ronald Coase – Professor Emeritus of Law. Nobel laureate in Economics. Co-founder of law and economics movement, arguably the most influential intellectual movement in legal scholarship in the second half of the 20th century.
- Aaron Director – Played a central role in the development of the law and economics movement. Founded the Journal of Law and Economics, which he co-edited with Ronald Coase.
- Frank Easterbrook – Judge on the 7th Circuit Court of Appeals.
- Richard Epstein – Currently the James Parker Hall Distinguished Service Professor of Law
- Elena Kagan – Former Professor and Dean of Harvard Law School and now a US Supreme Court Justice.
- Leon Kass –
- Karl Llewellyn – Major figure in the school of legal realism.
- Catharine MacKinnon – American feminist.
- Michael W. McConnell – Federal judge on the US Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit. Leading constitutional originalist.
- Martha Nussbaum – Philosopher and public intellectual, currently Ernst Freund Distinguished Service Professor of Law and Ethics .
- Barack Obama – President of the United States of America.
- Richard Posner – Helped start law and economics movement.
- Roberta Cooper Ramo – First woman President, American Bar Association.
- Antonin Scalia – United States Supreme Court justice; Professor at the Law School (1977–1982).
- David Strauss –
- Cass Sunstein –
- James Boyd White – Founder of "Law and Literature" movement.
- Diane Wood – Judge on the 7th Circuit Court of Appeals
 Oriental Institute
- Robert Biggs – Professor Emeritus of Assyriology
- John Brinkman – Charles H. Swift Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus of Mesopotamian History
- Miguel Civil – Professor Emeritus of Sumerology
- Stuart Creason -Lecturer, Classical Hebrew
- Fred Donner – Professor of Islamic History
- Peter Dorman – Professor Emeritus of Egyptology
- Walter Farber – Professor of Assyriology
- McGuire Gibson – Professor of Archaeology
- Petra Goedegebuure – Assistant Professor of Hittitology
- Norman Golb – Ludwig Rosenberger Professor in Jewish History and Civilization
- Gene Gragg – Professor Emeritus of Near Eastern Languages
- Rebecca Hasselbach – Assistant Professor of Comparative Semitics
- Harry A. Hoffner, JR. – John A. Wilson Professor Emeritus of Hittitology
- Janet Johnson – Professor of Egyptology
- Walter Kaegi – Professor of Byzatine-Islamic Studies
- Nadine Moeller – Assistant Professor, Egyptian Archaeology
- Dennis Pardee – Professor of Northwest Semitic Philology
- Seth Richardson – Assistant Professor of Ancient History
- Robert Ritner – Professor of Egyptology
- Martha Roth – Professor of Assyriology; Editor, Chicago Assyrian Dictionary
- David Schloen – Associate Professor of Syro-Palestinian archaeology
- Andrea Seri – Assistant Professor of Assyriology
- Gil Stein – Director, Oriental Institute
- Matthew Stolper – Professor of Assyriology and Achaemenid Empire. He is directing Persepolis Fortification Project. He is member of American Institute of Iranian Studies, American Oriental Society, British Institute of Persian Studies, and British School of Archaeology in Iraq. His primary concentration also includes Elamite political history, Babylonian political and social history, Akkadian historical and legal texts.
- Theo Van Den Hout – Professor of Hittitology; Editor, Chicago Hittite Dictionary
- Edward Wente – Professor Emeritus of Egyptology
- Chistopher Woods – Associate Professor of Sumerology
- K. Aslihan Yener – Professor of Ancient Anatolian Archeology. She is specialized in Ancient Mining and Metal Technology and the Rise of Complex Industries. Director of the Amuq Valley Regional Projects in Antioch (Antakya, Turkey). She is researching Tell Atchana (ancient Alalakh) the capital city of the Kingdom of Mukish (the Amuq) during the Hittite period (Late Bronze Age c. 2000-1200 BC) She has directed are Kestel tin mine, Goltepe and Tell Kurdu.
- Abraham Adrian Albert –
- László Babai – Known for work in computer science and discrete mathematics, especially for his work on interactive proof systems. Gödel Prize winner.
- Alexander A. Beilinson –
- Gilbert Ames Bliss –
- Oskar Bolza –
- Luis Caffarelli – World leader in the field of partial differential equations.
- Alberto Calderón – Cofounded the Chicago school of mathematical analysis. Winner of Bôcher Memorial Prize, the Wolf Prize, and the National Medal of Science.
- Arthur Byron Coble –
- Shiing-shen Chern – One of the most influential figures in differential geometry. Famous for Chern classes. National Medal of Science and Wolf Prize winner.
- Leonard Eugene Dickson – First recipient of the Cole Prize in algebra.
- Vladimir Drinfeld – Fields Medal Winner.
- Charles Fefferman – Received full professorship at the University of Chicago at age 22, making him the youngest ever appointed in the United States. Fields Medal Winner.
- Victor Ginzburg – Known for his works in geometric representation theory.
- George Glauberman –
- Paul Halmos – Noted mathematician and mathematical expositor.
- Israel Herstein –
- Lars Hörmander – Fields Medal Winner.
- Irving Kaplansky –
- John L. Kelley –
- Serge Lang –
- William Lawvere – Known for his work in category theory, topos theory, and the philosophy of mathematics.
- Saunders Mac Lane – Cofounder of category theory.
- J. Peter May – Algebraic topologist.
- E. H. Moore –
- Robert Lee Moore –
- Ngô Bảo Châu – Fields Medal winner.
- Andrei Okounkov – Former Dickson Instructor in Mathematics and the College. Fields Medal winner.
- Daniel Quillen – Former Dickson Instructor in Mathematics and the College. Fields Medal winner.
- Paul Sally – Influential mathematics educator.
- Irving Segal –
- Robert Soare – Known for work in mathematical logic.
- Stephen Smale – Fields Medal and Wolf Prize winner.
- Norman Steenrod – Leading topologist.
- Marshall Stone –
- André Weil – Known for seminal work in number theory and algebraic geometry. Leader of influential Bourbaki group. Fields Medal and Wolf Prize winner.
- Efim Zelmanov – Fields Medal Winner.
- Antoni Zygmund – One of the most influential mathematicians in the field of analysis in the 20th century. Cofounder, with student Calderón, of the famed Chicago school of mathematical analysis.
- Robert Bartlett – Professor of Medieval History (1984–1992), and currently Wardlaw Professor of Mediaeval History, University of St. Andrew's; Fellow of the Royal Historical Society and author of many books, including The Making of Europe: Conquest, Colonization, and Social Change (Princeton University Press, 1994).
- Daniel Boorstin – Professor at the University of Chicago for 25 years; Pulitzer Prize winner (1974); Librarian of Congress.
- James Henry Breasted – Professor of Egyptology and Oriental History.
- Bruce Cumings – Gustavus F. and Ann M. Swift Distinguished Service Professor in History and the College.
- Fred M. Donner – Professor of Near Eastern History. Guggenheim Fellow (2007).
- Sheila Fitzpatrick – Bernadotte E. Schmitt Distinguished Service Professor of History; ground-breaking historian of modern Russian and Soviet history; mentor to several established and up-and-coming "revisionist" historians of the Soviet Union, constituting a "Fitzpatrick School of Soviet History" (http://src-h.slav.hokudai.ac.jp/publictn/acta/24/roundtable.pdf).
- Walter Kaegi – Professor of Byzantine and Late Roman history, co-founder of the Byzantine Studies Conference and the editor of the journal Byzantinische Forschungen and Voting Member of Oriental Institute, Chicago. Political, Social, Military and Religious History; European Military Strategy; Byzantino-Islamic History. He is author of many books, including "Byzantium and the Decline of Rome" (Princeton, 1968) and "Byzantine Military Unrest 471–843: An Interpretation". (Amsterdam: 1981).
- Cornell Fleischer – Kanuni Suleyman Professor of Ottoman and Modern Turkish Studies. MacArthur "Genius" Fellow (1988).
- John Hope Franklin – Pioneering scholar of African-American history and civil rights leader; Professor of History from 1964, and John Matthews Manly Distinguished Service Professor, 1969–82. President of the American Historical Association (1979). Winner of the Presidential Medal of Freedom and the Pulitzer Prize.
- Ramón A. Gutiérrez – Preston & Sterling Morton Distinguished Service Professor of United States History; Director of the Center for the Study of Race, Politics and Culture; author of award-winning book When Jesus Came the Corn Mothers Went Away: Marriage, Sexuality and Power in New Mexico, 1500–1846 (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1991); MacArthur Fellow (1983).
- Harry D. Harootunian – Max Palevsky Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Japanese History; groundbreaking scholar of Tokugawa history, Japanese modernism, and historical theory.
- Akira Iriye – Professor of History until 1989; now Charles Warren Professor Emeritus of American History at Harvard; leading diplomatic and international historian, specializing in U.S.-Japan relations during the 20th century; Guggenheim Fellow (1974) and President of the American Historical Association (1988).
- Marshall G. S. Hodgson – Pioneer in Islamic Studies and global history, member of the Committee on Social Thought.
- Tetsuo Najita – Robert S. Ingersoll Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Japanese History; specialist in Tokugawa Japan and Japanese intellectual and political history; past president of the Association for Asian Studies (1993–94).
- William Hardy McNeill –
- Hans Rothfels – Professor of History (1946–1951).
- Bernadotte E. Schmitt – Winner of the Pulitzer Prize.
- M. Christine Stansell – Stein-Freiler Distinguished Service Professor in United States History and the College; Writer and reviewer for The New Republic and Slate; author of "City of Women."
- Noel Swerdlow – Winner of a Macarthur Fellowship.
- James Westfall Thompson – Professor of History (1895–1933), leading American historian of the European Middle Ages and early modern period; president of the American Historical Association, 1941 (died in office).
- Karl Weintraub – Professor of History (1954–2004) and leading scholar of European cultural history and the history of autobiography.
- John Woods – Professor of Iranian and Central Asian History
- Michael I. Allen – Associate Professor of Medieval Latin Historiography and Poetry. Latin literature of the Middle Ages and on Latin palaeography.
- Clifford Ando – Professor of Roman Empire History. Imperial Ideology and Provincial Loyalty in the Roman Empire (2000). APA's Goodwin Award in 2003, and The Matter of the Gods (2008). He is the editor of Roman Religion (2003) and co-editor, with Jörg Rüpke, of Religion and Law in Classical and Christian Rome (2006). Problems of law, administration and cultural change in the Roman empire.
- Elizabeth Asmis – Professor of Roman Stoicism and Cicero's Political Philosophy and the editor of Classical Philology. Epicurus' Scientific Method and articles on Plato, Philodemus, Lucretius, Epictetus, Seneca, and Marcus Aurelius. Greek and Roman philosophy and literary criticism.
- Shadi Bartsch – Professor of Gender Issues in Antiquity and in Roman literature and culture. Quantrell Teaching Award and Faculty Award for Excellence in Graduate Teaching.
- Alain Bresson – Professor of Ancient Economy, the Hellenistic world, and the epigraphy of Rhodes and Asia Minor, and author of La cité marchande (Bordeaux 2000), L'économie de la Grèces des cités (2 volumes; Paris 2007–2008), and Recueil des inscriptions de la Pérée rhodienne (Paris 1991), and editor of some five more, on matters of economics, civic life, writing and public power, and the history of the family.
- Helma Dik – Associate Professor of Attic Greek, and author of Word Order in Ancient Greek and Word Order in Greek Tragic Dialogue, and articles on the functional grammar of Greek. Quantrell Teaching Award.
- Christopher Faraone – Professor of Ancient Greek religion and poetry, and co-editor of Magika Hiera.
- Jonathan M. Hall – Professor of Greek History, the Chair of Classics Department, author of Ethnic Identity in Greek Antiquity (Cambridge, 1997), APA's Goodwin Award. 2004 Gordon J. Laing Prize. He is focused on Greek history, historiography, and archaeology. Quantrell Teaching Award. Phyllis Fay Horton Distinguished Service.
- W. Ralph Johnson – Professor Emeritus of Latin poetry and Greek/Latin rhetoric. The John Matthews Manly Distinguished Service.
- Michèle Lowrie – Professor of Roman culture, literature, politics, and reception. Idea of security at Rome, the exemplum in stories about foundation and state violence during the collapse of the Roman Republic.
- David Martinez – Associate Professor of Ancient Greek papyrology, paleography and language, religion and magic. Papyrological research to the study of early Christianity. Hellenistic authors, and early Christian literature.
- Emanuel Mayer – Assistant Professor and author of Rome is Where the Emperor is: State Monuments in the Decentralised Roman Empire from Diocletian to Theodosius II (Mainz, 2001; in German). Political imagery of the Hellenistic and Roman Imperial periods, representational behavior of Roman elites under the Empire, and ancient urbanism.
- Sarah Nooter – Assistant Professor of Greek tragedy and modern reception. Sophocles and poetic language, Athenian drama, archaic poetry and religious thought, literary theory and linguistics, and contemporary poetry and theater.
- Mark Payne – Associate Professor of Greek poetry, member of the Committee on Social Thought and member of the University's Poetry and Poetics program.
- D. Nicholas Rudall – Professor Emeritus of Tragedy and the Ancient Theater, Aristophanes, and Propertius. He translated of Euripides' Bacchae and The Iphigeneia Plays and Sophocles' Electra and Antigone and directed many classical works at the Court Theatre, of which he is the founding director.
- Peter White – Professor of Roman poetry, comedy and satire and Greaco-Roman historiography.and Associate Chair for Undergraduate Affairs, author of "Promised Verse: Poets in the Society of Augustan Rome". APA's Goodwin Award. Quantrell Teaching Award.
- David Wray – Associate Professor of Hellenistic and Roman poetry, philosophy, Greek epic and tragedy; and Director of the Master of Arts Program in the Humanities; member of the University's Poetry and Poetics program; author of Catullus and the Poetics of Roman Manhood (Cambridge 2001). He focuses on ancient and modern relations between literature and philosophy; gender; theory and practice of literary translation; and the reception of Greco-Roman thought and literature, from Shakespeare and Corneille to Pound and Zukofsky.
- Hannah Arendt – Former Professor in the Committee on Social Thought.
- Rudolf Carnap – Professor of Philosophy. Leading member of the Vienna Circle.
- Arnold Davidson – Professor of the Philosophy of Religion in the Divinity School; also in the Department of Philosophy, the Department of Comparative Literature, the Committee on Historical and Conceptual Studies of Science, and the College.
- Donald Davidson – Professor of Philosophy (1976–1981).
- John Dewey – Former Professor of Philosophy.
- Charles Hartshorne – Former Professor of Philosophy.
- John Haugeland – David B. and Clara E. Stern Professor of Philosophy.
- Jonathan Lear – John U. Nef Distinguished Service Professor at the Committee on Social Thought and in the Department of Philosophy.
- Jean-Luc Marion – Professor of the Philosophy of Religion and Theology in the Divinity School; also in the Department of Philosophy and the Committee on Social Thought.
- George Herbert Mead – Former Professor of Philosophy.
- Martha Nussbaum – Ernst Freund Distinguished Service Professor of Law and Ethics in the Divinity School; also in the Law School, the Department of Philosophy, and the College.
- Paul Ricoeur – John Nuveen Professor Emeritus in the Divinity School (1971–1991).
- Bertrand Russell – Visiting Professor of Philosophy (1938–1939).
- Leo Strauss – Professor of Political Philosophy (1949–1967).
- Paul Johannes Tillich – Professor of Religion (1962).
- James Hayden Tufts – Former Professor of Philosophy
- Richard T. Antoun† – Professor (1989); Professor Emeritus of Anthropology at Binghamton University; stabbed to death by student in 2009
- Wendy Doniger – Historian of Religions (1978– )
- Mircea Eliade† – Sewell Avery Distinguished Service Professor of the History of Religions (1958–1986), best known for his "myth of the Eternal Return" and his book The Sacred and the Profane: The Nature of Religion.
- Joseph Kitagawa† – Historian of Religions
- Bruce Lincoln – Historian of Religions
- Charles Long – Historian of Religions
- David Tracy – Professor Emeritus of Theology (1970–); leading figure in theological hermeneutics and proponent of theological pluralism in works such as Plurality and Ambiguity (University of Chicago Press, 1986).
- Joachim Wach† – Historian of Religions (1944–55)
- Christian K. Wedemeyer – Historian of Religions (2003– )
- Zonia Baber – Geographer and geologist
- Myrtle Bachelder – chemist and Women's Army Corps officer, who is noted for her secret work on the Manhattan Project atomic bomb program, and for the development of techniques in the chemistry of metals.
- Ralph Buchsbaum – Invertebrate zoologist.
- Marcela Carena – Particle physicist.
- Sean M. Carroll – Cosmologist.
- Thomas Chrowder Chamberlin – Influential geologist. Developed planetesimal theory.
- Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar – 1983 Nobel Prize laureate in Physics.
- Fay-Cooper Cole – Witness at the Scopes Monkey Trial
- Andrew M. Davis – Professor of Astronomy and Geophysical Sciences. He studies the origins of the Solar System for which he working on building ion nanoprobe. Developed resonant ionization mass spectrometry.
- Savas Dimopoulos – Particle physicist.
- Enrico Fermi – 1938 Nobel Prize laureate in Physics.
- James Franck – Nobel laureate.
- T. Theodore Fujita –
- Murray Gell-Mann – 1969 Nobel Prize in Physics
- Maria Goeppert-Mayer – Developed model for nuclear shell structure at the University of Chicago, for which she received a Nobel in Physics in 1963.
- James Hartle – Theoretical physicist at the Enrico Fermi Institute.
- Gerhard Herzberg – 1971 Nobel Prize laureate in Chemistry.
- Edwin Hubble –
- Ole J. Kleppa – Pioneer in High Temperature Thermochemistry; inventor of the Kleppa Calorimeter
- Edward W. Kolb – Cosmologist.
- Bruce Lahn –
- Ernest Lawrence – 1939 Nobel Prize laureate in Physics.
- Richard Lewontin – Pioneered use of molecular biology on questions of evolution and genetic variation.
- Joseph Lykken – Particle physicist.
- Albert Abraham Michelson – First American Nobel laureate in the sciences. Known for the famed Michelson-Morley experiment, a cornerstone of Relativity Theory. Measured the speed of light.
- Robert Millikan – Nobel laureate in Physics. Known for his measurement of the charge of the electron and the photoelectric effect. Performed famed oil-drop experiment at the University of Chicago's Ryerson Laboratory, which has been designated a historic physics landmark by the American Physical Society.
- Yoichiro Nambu – Winner of Sakurai Prize, Wolf Prize, Nobel Prize in Physics, and the National Medal of Science. Considered founder of string theory. Known for "color charge" in quantum chromodynamics and work on spontaneous symmetry breaking in particle physics.
- Eugene Parker – Astrophysicist, known for his work on the solar wind.
- Stuart Rice – Chemist. National Medal of Science winner.
- Florence B. Seibert – Biochemist, winner of the Garvan–Olin Medal and member of the National Women's Hall of Fame.
- Paul Sigler – Former Professor. Worked out the structure of the RNA molecule responsible for the initiation of protein synthesis.
- Maria Spiropulu – Particle physicist.
- Edward Teller – "Father of the hydrogen bomb".
- Michael S. Turner – Cosmologist.
- Harold Urey – Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
- Carlos E.M. Wagner – Particle physicist.
- Frank Wilczek –
- Sewall Wright – National Medal of Science winner. One of the founders of population genetics.
 Medicine and health policy
- Mark Siegler – Director of the MacLean Center for Clinical Medical Ethics
- Harold Pollack – Professor and chair of the Center for Health Administration Studies
 Social sciences
- Arjun Appadurai (A.M. 1973, Ph.D. 1976) – Former Professor of Anthropology.
- Gary Becker (A.M. 1953, Ph.D. 1955) – University Professor in Economics, Graduate School of Business, and Sociology.
- Donald Bogue (A.M., Ph.D.)- Current professor of sociology at the University of Chicago.
- Dipesh Chakrabarty – Lawrence A. Kimpton Distinguished Service Professor in History and South Asian Languages & Civilizations.
- Ronald Coase – Clifton R. Musser Professor Emeritus of Economics, The Law School.
- Karin Knorr-Cetina – George Wells Beadle Distinguished Service Professor of Anthropology and Sociology.
- Constantin Fasolt – Professor of Early Modern European History.
- Robert Fogel – Charles R. Walgreen Distinguished Service Professor of American Institutions.
- John Hope Franklin – John Matthews Manly Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus in History.
- Milton Friedman – Paul Snowden Russell Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus in Economics.
- Susan Gal – Mae & Sidney G. Metzl Distinguished Service Professor of Anthropology and Linguistics; a leading scholar in studies of Eastern Europe, linguistic anthropology, and gender.
- Clifford Geertz – Professor of Anthropology (1960–1970).
- Chauncy Harris – Pioneering geographer at the University of Chicago in the first department of geography in the United States.
- Friedrich Hayek – Former Professor in the Committee on Social Thought.
- James Heckman – Winner of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics in 2000.
- Morton A. Kaplan – Professor of Political Science
- Lawrence Kohlberg (A.B. 1949, Ph.D. 1958) – Professor in the Committee on Human Development (1962–1968).
- Maynard C. Krueger Socialist Vice-Presidential Candidate and Professor of Economics 1933? – ??
- Harold Lasswell – One of the most influential political scientists of the 20th century.
- Steven Levitt – Alvin H. Baum Professor in Economics.
- Mark Lilla – Professor in the Committee on Social Thought (1999–2007).
- John A. List economist, pioneer in the field of experimental economics
- Robert Lucas Jr. (A.B. 1959, Ph.D. 1964) – John Dewey Distinguished Service Professor in Economics.
- Raven I. McDavid, Jr., linguist, dialectologist
- John Mearsheimer – R. Wendell Harrison Distinguished Service Professor of Political Science.
- Charles Edward Merriam – Founder of the behavioral approach to political science.
- Merton H. Miller – Robert R. McCormick Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus, Graduate School of Business.
- Hans Morgenthau – One of the most important International Relations theorists; his seminal book Politics Among Nations defined the International Relations field.
- Robert Pape (Ph.D. 1988) – Professor of Political Science.
- Robert E. Park – Professor of Sociology (1914–1936).
- Alfred Radcliffe-Brown – Professor of Anthropology (1931–1937); developed theory of Structural Functionalism.
- Robert Redfield – Professor of Anthropology (1927–1958).
- Marshall Sahlins – Charles F. Grey Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus of Anthropology.
- Edward Sapir – Creator of the Sapir–Whorf hypothesis, Sapir is arguably the most influential figure in American linguistics.
- Saskia Sassen – Ralph Lewis Professor of Sociology (1998–2007).
- David M. Schneider – Professor of Anthropology (1960–1986).
- Theda Skocpol – Former Professor of Sociology (1981–1986). Now Dean of Graduate School of Arts and Sciences at Harvard.
- George Stigler – Charles R. Walgreen Distinguished Service Professor in Economics and Graduate School of Business.
- William I. Thomas (Ph.D. 1896) – Professor of Sociology (1896–1918).
- Victor Turner – Former Professor in the Committee on Social Thought.
- Thorstein Veblen – Professor of Political Economy (1892–1906).
- Stephen Walt – Former Professor (1989–1999) and Deputy Dean of Social Sciences (1996–1999). Dean of Harvard's John F. Kennedy School of Government after tenure at the University of Chicago.
- William Julius Wilson – Lucy Flower University Professor of Sociology (1972–1996).
- Albert Wohlstetter – Awarded Presidential Medal of Freedom. Influenced prominent neoconservatives, including Paul Wolfowitz. Prominent theorist of the Cold War.
- Frederic Thrasher – Notable sociologist and prominent member of the Chicago School of Sociology
- Iris Marion Young – Former Professor of Political Science
 Arts and entertainment
- Walter Blair – English professor
- Jan Chiapusso, piano pedagogue
- Roger Ebert (X. 1970) – Film critic and lecturer at Graham School. Winner of the Pulitzer Prize.
- Shulamit Ran – William H. Colvin Professor of Music, 1973—present. Winner of the Pulitzer Prize. Student of Ralph Shapey.
- Ralph Shapey – Composer, MacArthur Fellow in 1982.
 University Presidents
- See also: The Presidents of the University of Chicago, University of Chicago Presidential Search Committee
|William Rainey Harper||1856–1906||1891–1906|
|Harry Pratt Judson||1849–1927||1906–1923|
|Ernest DeWitt Burton||1856–1925||1923–1925|
|Lawrence A. Kimpton||1910–1977||1951–1960|
|George Wells Beadle||1903–1989||1961–1968|
|Edward H. Levi||1911–2000||1968–1975|
|John T. Wilson||1914–1990||1975–1978|
|Hanna Holborn Gray||born 1930||1978–1993|
|Hugo F. Sonnenschein||born 1941||1993–2000|
|Don Michael Randel||born 1940||2000–2006|
|Robert J. Zimmer||born 1947||2006–present|
 Board of trustees
- Andrew M. Alper (A.B. 1980, M.B.A. 1981) – President of the New York City Economic Development Corporation.
- David G. Booth (M.B.A. 1971) – Chairman and CEO of Dimensional Fund Advisors.
- John H. Bryan – Former Chairman and CEO of Sara Lee Corporation.
- Thomas A. Cole (J.D. 1975) – Chairman of the Executive Committee and Partner of Sidley Austin LLP, the sixth-largest law firm in the world.
- E. David Coolidge III – Vice Chairman of William Blair & Company, LLC.
- Jon Corzine (M.B.A. 1973) – Governor of New Jersey.
- James S. Crown – President of Henry Crown and Company.
- Katharine Darrow (A.B. 1965) – Former Senior Vice President of the New York Times Company.
- Erroll B. Davis, Jr. (M.B.A. 1967) – Chancellor of the University of Georgia.
- Jamie Dimon – President and COO of JPMorgan Chase & Co..
- Strachan Donnelley – President of the Center for Humans and Nature. * Craig J. Duchossois – CEO of Duchossois Industries.
- James S. Frank – President and CEO of Wheels, Inc.
- Jack W. Fuller – Former president of the Tribune Company
- Eric J. Gleacher (M.B.A. 1967) – Chairman of Gleacher & Co.
- Stanford J. Goldblatt (Lab 1954, X. 1958) – Partner of Winston & Strawn.
- Mary Louise Gorno (M.B.A. 1976) – Vice President and Global Account Director of A.T. Kearney.
- Kathryn C. Gould (M.B.A. 1978) – Founder and General Partner of Foundation Capital.
- Sanford J. Grossman (A.B. 1973, A.M. 1974, Ph.D. 1975) – Chairman of Quantitative Financial Strategies, Inc. * King W. Harris – Chairman of Harris Holdings, Inc.
- Kenneth M. Jacobs (A.B. 1980) – CEO of Lazard North America and Deputy Chairman and Managing Director of Lazard LLC.
- Valerie Jarrett – Managing Director and Executive Vice President of the Habitat Company. * Karen L. Katen (A.B. 1970, M.B.A. 1974) – Executive Vice President of Pfizer, Incorporated and President of Pfizer Global Pharmaceuticals.
- Dennis J. Keller (M.B.A. 1968) – Chairman of DeVry Inc.
- Arthur L. Kelly (M.B.A. 1964) – Managing Partner of KEL Enterprises, L.P.
- James M. Kilts, Jr. (M.B.A. 1974) – Chairman, President, and CEO of Gillette Company.
- Michael J. Klingensmith (A.B. 1975, M.B.A. 1976) – Executive Vice President of Time Inc.
- Michael L. Klowden (A.B. 1967) – President and CEO of Milken Institute.
- Sherry Lansing (Lab 1962) – CEO of the Sherry Lansing Foundation.
- John Martin (S.M. 1975, Ph.D. 1978) – President and CEO of Gilead Sciences.
- Walter E. Massey – President of Morehouse College until 2007.
- Peter W. May (A.B. 1964, M.B.A. 1965) – President and COO of Triarc Companies, Inc.
- John W. McCarter, Jr. – President and CEO of the Field Museum.
- Joseph Neubauer (M.B.A. 1965) – Chairman and CEO of Aramark.
- Emily Nicklin (A.B. 1975, J.D. 1977) – Partner of Kirkland & Ellis.
- Harvey B. Plotnick (A.B. 1963) – President of Paradigm Holdings Inc.
- Thomas J. Pritzker (M.B.A. 1976, J.D. 1976) – Chairman and CEO of Hyatt Corporation.
- George A. Ranney, Jr. (J.D. 1966) – President and CEO of Chicago Metropolis 2020.
- John W. Rogers, Jr. (Lab 1976) – Chairman and CEO of Ariel Capital Management.
- Andrew M. Rosenfield (J.D. 1978) – President and CEO of Leaf Group LLC.
- Steven G. Rothmeier (M.B.A. 1972) – Chairman and CEO of Great Northern Capital.
- Richard P. Strubel – Vice Chairman of UNext, Inc.
- Byron D. Trott (A.B. 1981, M.B.A. 1982) – Vice Chairman of Goldman Sachs.
- Marshall I. Wais, Jr. (A.B. 1963) – CEO of Marwais International L.L.C.
- Paula Wolff (A.M. 1969, Ph.D. 1972) – Senior Executive of Chicago Metropolis 2020.
- Paul G. Yovovich (A.B. 1974, M.B.A. 1975) – President of Lake Capital.
- Francis T.F. Yuen (A.B. 1975) – Deputy Chairman of PCCW Limited.
- Robert J. Zimmer – President of the University of Chicago.