List of University of Edinburgh people

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List of University of Edinburgh people is a list of notable graduates and former faculty of the University of Edinburgh in Scotland. The University is associated with 18 Nobel Prize winners[1] and three Prime Ministers.

Politics and government[edit]

Heads of state and heads of government[edit]

Royalty[edit]

Judges[edit]

Sciences[edit]

Chemists[edit]

Geoscientists[edit]

Informatics[edit]

Mathematicians, physicists, engineers[edit]

Physicians and medical scientists[edit]

Pioneers in medicine[edit]

Name Class year Notability Reference(s)
James Douglas MA 1694 Scottish obstetrician, identified the Pouch of Douglas and Douglas line
John Fothergill MD 1736 Scottish physician, first identified and named trigeminal neuralgia
James Lind MD 1748 Scottish military surgeon, pioneer of naval hygiene, conducted the first ever clinical trial, developed cure for scurvy and typhus, first proposed fresh water could be obtained from distilling sea water
Alexander Monro MD 1755 Scottish physician and anatomist, described the lymphatic system, elucidated the musculo-skeletal system, described the foramen of Monro
William Withering MD 1766 English botanist and physician, discovered Digoxin
Benjamin Bell 1767 Scottish surgeon, Father of Edinburgh's school of surgery, first to suggest syphilis and gonnorhea were not the same disease
John Cheyne MD 1795 Scottish physician, discovered Cheyne-Stokes respiration, Physician General to the British Armed Forces in Ireland
Jean-Francois Coindet MD 1797 Swiss pioneer in introducing iodine as a treatment of goitre
Charles Bell MD 1798 Scottish anatomist and neurologist, discovered Bell's palsy
John Collins Warren MD 1801 American surgeon, performed the first surgery under ether anesthesia in 1846, first dean of Harvard Medical School, co-founder of Massachusetts General Hospital
James Blundell MD 1813 English obstetrician, who performed the first successful human to human blood transfusion
Richard Bright MD 1813 English physician, discovered Bright's disease, known as the "father of nephrology"
Thomas Addison MD 1815 English physician, discovered Addison's disease, pernicious anemia and Addison-Schilder syndrome
Robert Liston 1815 Scottish surgeon, inventor of artery forceps and the Liston knife, known as "the fastest surgeon alive"
James Begbie MD 1821 Scottish physician, first described Graves' Disease also known as Begbie's disease, President of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
Thomas Hodgkin MD 1823 English pathologist, described Hodgkin's lymphoma
Sir William Brooke O'Shaughnessy MD 1829 Irish physician, introduced Cannabis, also known as medical marijuana, into Western medicine, inventor of IV therapy, pioneered work on telegraphy and installed 3500 miles of telegraph lines in India
Sir James Young Simpson MD 1832 discovered chloroform anaesthesia in 1847, revolutionising obstetric and surgical practice
James Spence 1832, Prof. Systemic Surgery 1864-1882 Scottish surgeon, President of the Royal College of Surgeons Edinburgh, the tail of Spence is named after him
John Murray Carnochan 1834 American neurosurgeon, performed the world's first successful surgery for trigeminal neuralgia
John Hughes Bennett MD 1837 English physician, first to describe aspergillosis and first identified leukaemia as a blood disorder
William Budd MD 1838 Scottish physician, first recognized that infectious disease was contagious and could be spread through feces
Alexander Wood MD 1839 Scottish physician, invented the first hypodermic syringe
John Struthers MD 1845 Scottish anatomist, discovered and described the vestigial organ Ligament of Struthers which was used by Charles Darwin to argue the case for evolution
Sir Thomas Lauder Brunton BSc 1867, MD 1768, DSc 1870 discovered organic nitrates had the ability to alleviate angina pectoris
Robert Marcus Gunn MB 1873, CM 1873 Scottish ophthalmologist, discovered Gunn's Sign and the Marcus Gunn pupil
James Rutherford Morison MB 1874, CM 1874 Scottish surgeon, discovered Morison's pouch
Sir George Beatson MD 1878 surgical oncologist who pioneered oophorectomy, the removal of the ovaries in the treatment of breast cancer [2]
David Bruce MB 1881, CM 1881 Scottish pathologist, identified the cause of sleeping sickness and discovered Malta fever and brucellosis
John Scott Haldane MB 1884, CM 1884 Scottish physiologist, invented the decompression chamber, first proposed placing a "canary in the coal mine" to warn of dangerous carbon monoxide levels, international authority on ether and respiration, discovered the Haldane effect on hemoglobin
Harold Stiles MB 1885, CM 1885, FRCS(Edin) 1889 British surgeon, known for research in tuberculosis and breast cancer, performed first pyloromyotomy
Percy Theodore Herring MB 1896, CM 1896, MD 1899 English physician, discovered herring bodies
Samuel Wilson MB 1902, BSc 1903, MD 1912 British neurologist, described Wilson's disease
Thomas Addis MB 1905, MD 1908 Scottish-American physician, described the pathogenesis of haemophilia, demonstrated that normal blood plasma could correct the defect in haemophilia
Cuthbert Dukes MD 1914 English pathologist, devised the Dukes classification system for colorectal cancer
Robert Edwards PhD 1955 British physiologist, developed in-vitro fertilisation (IVF), awarded the 2010 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
Randy Schekman 1970 American cell biologist, discovered cell membrane trafficking, discovered machinery regulating vesicle traffic, awarded the 2013 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
Peter C. Doherty PhD 1970 Australian veterinary surgeon, discovered how T cells recognize antigens in combination with major histocompatibility complex proteins, awarded the 1996 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
Adrian Peter Bird PhD 1970, Buchanan Prof. of Genetics 1990-Present British geneticist, discovered the protein MeCP2 involved in DNA methylation, awarded the 2011 Gairdner Foundation International Award for discoveries in DNA methylation and gene expression [3]
Valentin Fuster PhD 1971, Research Fellow 1968-1971 Prominent Spanish cardiologist, only cardiologist to receive the 2 highest gold medals and all 4 major research awards from the world's four major cardiovascular organizations, named as "one of the best doctors in America and New York" since 1992, leader of the CNIC-Ferrer polypill project, demonstrated platelets role in CABG occlusion
Ian Frazer BSc 1974, MB 1977, ChB 1977 Scottish-Australian physician, discovered the link between HPV and cervical cancer, co-invented the HPV vaccine for cervical cancer, CEO and Director of Research at the Translational Institute of Research, University of Queensland
David Baulcombe PhD 1977 British plant scientist, discovered small interfering RNA, awarded the 2008 Lasker Award and the 2010 Wolf Prize in Agriculture.
Richard Eastell MB 1977, ChB 1977, MD 1984 British physician, pioneered treatments in osteoporosis
Olivier James Garden BSc 1974 MB 1977, ChB 1977, MD 1987, FRCS(Edin) 1994, Regius Chair of Clinical Surgery 2000-present British surgeon, performed the first liver transplant in Scotland in 1992, president of the International Hepato-Pancreto-Biliary Association 2012-2014 [4]
Nanshan Zhong MD 1981 Chinese pulmonologist, discovered the SARS virus in 2003, President of the Chinese Medical Association
Gordon Wishart MB 1983, ChB 1983, MD 1992 British breast surgeon, identified P-glycoprotein in breast cancer, introduced early patient discharge following breast surgery, pioneered minimally invasive parathyroid surgery, pioneered pre-operative axillary lymph node breast cancer staging

Founders of medical schools and universities[edit]

Name Class year Notability Reference(s)
John Morgan MD 1763 Founder of the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, founder of the American Philosophical Society, served as Chief Physician and Director General of the Continental Army
Samuel Bard MD 1765 Founder and President of the Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, described diphtheria, presidential physician to George Washington
Benjamin Waterhouse 1778 Co-founder of Harvard Medical School
Nathan Smith 1797 New England physician and founder of the Yale School of Medicine, Dartmouth Medical School, University of Vermont College of Medicine and the medical school at Bowdoin College
Andrew Fernando Holmes MD 1819 Co-founder and dean of the McGill University Faculty of Medicine
Francis Badgley MD 1829 Co-founder and professor of the Université de Montréal Faculty of Medicine
Godfrey Hewitt MD 1830 Co-founder of the University of Melbourne Medical School
Charles Nicholson MD 1833 Co-founder and chancellor of the University of Sydney, co-founder of the University of Sydney Faculty of Medicine
Sophia Jex-Blake 1873 Founder of the London School of Medicine for Women (now UCL Medical School) and the Edinburgh School of Medicine for Women.
Dugald Christie MB 1882, CM 1882 Founder of Mukden Medical College in China, now known as the China Medical University

Leaders in medicine

Name Class year Notability Reference(s)
Robert Whytt 1734 President of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, First physician to the King in Scotland, wrote book on diseases of the nervous system
William Cullen 1736, Prof. Physiology 1756-89 President of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow (1746-7), President of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh (1773-75), first physician to the King in Scotland
Francis Home MD 1750, Prof. Materia Medica 1768-1798 President of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, co-founder of the Royal Medical Society, made the first attempt to vaccinate against measles
James Craik MD 1750 Physician General of the Continental Army, Personal Physician and close friend of George Washington
William Shippen Jr. MD 1761 Surgeon General of the Continental Army, co-founder and president of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia
Andrew Duncan Sr. 1768, Prof. Medicine 1773-1824 President of the Royal Medical Society and the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, First physician to the King in Scotland, founder of the Harveian Society, founder of the first lunatic asylum in Edinburgh
John Coakley Lettsom 1768 Philanthropist, Founder of the Medical Society of London
Benjamin Rush MD 1768 Founding Father of the United States, Surgeon General of the Continental Army, founder of Dickinson College
Sir Gilbert Blane 1773 Physician to the King (George IV and William IV) and the Prince of Wales, instituted health reform in the Royal Navy
Sir James McGrigor, 1st Baronet 1788 Founder of the Royal Army Medical Corps
James Gregory MD 1774 President of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, and author
Andrew Duncan Jr. MA 1793, MD 1794, Prof. Med Jurisprudence 1807-1832 Creator of the journal Edinburgh New Dispensatory, Chief Editor of the Edinburgh Medical and Surgical Journal
William Alison MD 1811, Prof. Medicine and Physic 1822-1856 Scottish physician, President of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, advocate of preventative social medicine
Robert Christison MD 1819, Prof. Medical Jurisprudence 1822-1832, Prof. Materia Medica and Therapeutics 1832-1877 Scottish physician, President of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, President of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, President of the British Medical Association, Physician in Ordinary to the Queen in Scotland, expert in toxicology and key witness in the Burke and Hare trial.
Thomas Graham Balfour MD 1834 Scottish physician, President of the Royal Statistical Society, Staff Surgeon at the Royal Military Asylum
William Tennant Gairdner MD 1845 President of the British Medical Association
John Smith MD 1847 Founder of the Edinburgh school of dentistry, President of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, President of the British Dental Association, co-founder of the Royal Hospital for Sick Children
Huang Kuan MD 1855, PhD 1857 First Chinese student to study medicine in the west, Deputy-Chief of Boji Hospital
Joseph Bell MD 1859 Scottish surgeon, lecturer at the University of Edinburgh Medical School and personal surgeon to Queen Victoria, served as the inspiration for Sherlock Holmes
Frederick Montizambert MD 1865 Canadian physician, first Director-General of Public Health in Canada, President of the Canadian Medical Association, President of the American Public Health Association, inductee to the Canadian Medical Hall of Fame
Robert Muir MA 1884, MB 1888, CM 1888, MD 1890 Scottish pathologist, author of Muir's Textbook of Pathology
Lim Boon Keng MB 1892, CM 1892 Singaporean physician, co-founder of the Singapore Chinese Girls' School, recipient of the Order of the British Empire as an officer, President of Xiamen University
Andrew Balfour MB 1894, CM 1894, MD 1898, BSc 1900 Scottish physician, Medical Officer of Health in Khartoum, Director of the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
George Newman MD 1895 English physician, Chief Medical Officer of England
Alexander Biggam MB 1911, ChB 1911, MD 1942 Scottish physician, Major General in the British Army, Honorary physician to King George VI
Sydney Smith MB 1912, ChB 1912, MD 1914, Regius Chair of Forensic Medicine 1928-1953, Dean of the Faculty of Medicine 1931-1953, Rector of the University of Edinburgh 1954-57 Scottish forensic pathologist, published the textbook Textbook of Forensic Medicine in 1925
Stanley Davidson MB 1919, ChB 1919, Chair of Medicine 1938-1959 British physician, author of Davidson's Principles and Practice of Medicine, the first medical textbook to sell over a million copies
Robert Lim MB 1919, ChB 1919, PhD 1920, DSc 1924 Singaporean physician, Lieutenant General and Surgeon General of the Army of the Republic of China
Charles Illingworth MB 1922, ChB 1922, MD 1929, ChM 1939 President of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow, Surgeon to the Queen in Scotland
John George Macleod MB 1938, ChB 1938 Scottish physician, author of Macleod's Clinical Examination
Ekkehard von Kuenssberg MB 1939, ChB 1939 Founder and President of the Royal College of General Practitioners
Yao Zhen PhD 1949 Co-founder and editor-in-chief of the journal Cell Research, first president of the Asian-Pacific Organization for Cell Biology
Sydney Selwyn BSc, MB, ChB, MD Authority on the history of medicine, designed the Florence Nightingale 10 pound note, pioneer in bone marrow transplantation
Sheila Sherlock MB 1941, ChB 1941, MD 1945 First woman in the UK to be appointed professor of medicine, published over 600 papers, founded the liver unit at London's Royal Free Hospital
Yao Zhen PhD 1949 Co-founder and editor in chief of the journal Cell Research, first president of the Asia-Pacific Organization for Cell Biology
Seneka Bibile PhD 1952 Founder of the Sri Lanka National Pharmaceuticals Policy
Philip Raffaelli MB 1979, ChB 1979 Surgeon General of the British Armed Forces, Vice Admiral in the Royal Navy, Governor of the University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust

Pioneers in science and humanities

Name Class year Notability Reference(s)
James Hutton 1747 Scottish physician, geologist, known for theories on Deep time and Gaia Hypothesis
Joseph Black MD 1754 Scottish physician and chemist, discoverer of carbon dioxide, latent heat and specific heat
Erasmus Darwin 1755 physician, poet, author and evolutionary biologist.
Daniel Rutherford MD 1772, Prof. Medicine and Botany 1786-1819 Scottish physician, chemist and botanist, first to isolate nitrogen in 1772
Thomas Charles Hope MD 1787, Prof. Medicine and Chemistry 1799-1843 Scottish physician, chemist, discovered the element strontium, demonstrated that water reached its maximum density at 4C in an experiment called Hope's experiment, President of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
Robert Brown 1793 Scottish botanist, named and described the cell nucleus and cytoplasmic streaming, discovered Brownian motion, discovered the difference between gymnosperms and angiosperms
Thomas Brown MD 1803 Scottish metaphysician
William Prout MD 1811 English physician and chemist, known for Prout's hypothesis, discovered hydrochloric acid in the stomach and improved the barometer
James Braid 1814 Scottish surgeon, pioneer of hypnotism and hypnotherapy
Robert Edmond Grant MD 1814 Scottish physician, biologist, mentor of Charles Darwin
Richard Owen 1825 English biologist, coined the word Dinosauria, opponent of the theory of evolution
Charles Darwin 1827 English naturalist, published the theory of evolution, author of On the Origin of Species and The Descent of Man
David Boswell Reid MD 1830 Scottish physician, inventor, expert on ventilation, President of the Royal Medical Society
Charles Wyville Thomson MD 1845 Chief scientist of the Challenger expedition, discovered animal life at depths of 1200m
John Kirk MD 1854 Scottish physician, botanist, companion of David Livingstone, identified the Zanzibar Red Colobus, British Consul in Zanzibar
Alexander Crum Brown MA 1858, MD 1861, Prof. Chemistry 1869-1908 Scottish physician and chemist, discovered the double bond of ethylene, introduced the name kerogen for insoluble organic matter in oil shale.
John Anderson MD 1862 Scottish zoologist, first curator of the Indian Museum in Calcutta
Neil Gordon Munro MB 1888, CM 1888, MD 1909 Scottish physician, anthropologist, one of the first people to study the Ainu people of Hokkaido

Non-medical accomplishments[edit]

Name Class year Notability Reference(s)
Samuel Seabury 1753 first American Episcopal bishop, first bishop of Connecticut
Oliver Goldsmith 1754 Anglo-Irish novelist, playwright, author of the novel The Vicar of Wakefield and the children's tale of The History of Little Goody Two-Shoes
William Buchan MD 1761 Author of the book "Domestic Medicine"
Gustavus Richard Brown MD 1768 United States Representative from Maryland, physician at George Washington's deathbed.
Thomas Tudor Tucker MD 1770 United States Representative from South Carolina, longest serving Treasurer of the United States, presidential physician to James Madison
Henry Latimer MD 1775 United States Senator from Delaware
George Logan MD 1779 United States Senator from Pennsylvania
William Crawford MD 1781 United States Representative from Pennsylvania's 5th and 6th Congressional districts
Samuel L. Mitchill MD 1786 United States Senator from New York
James Jones MD 1796 United States Representative from Virginia
William Jardine MD 1802 Co-founder of Hong Kong conglomerate Jardine, Matheson and Company, Whig MP for Ashburton
John Crawfurd MD 1803 Scottish physician, Governor of Singapore
James C. Crow MD 1822 Scottish inventor of the sour mash proceess for creating Bourbon whiskey, creator of the Old Crow brand of Bourbon whiskey
John Rae MD 1833 Scottish explorer, discovered the fate of the Franklin Expedition, discovered Rae Straight, showed that King William Land was an island
David Monro MD 1835 Speaker of the New Zealand House of Representatives, MP representing Waimea
William Johnston Almon 1836 Nova Scotian physician, Canadian Senator from Nova Scotia, Canadian MP for Halifax
Logan Campbell MD 1839 New Zealand physician, Mayor of Auckland, co-founder of Auckland Savings Bank, Superintendent of Auckland, known as the "Father of Auckland"
Sir Charles Tupper MD 1843 6th Prime Minister of Canada and father of confederation
Valentine Munbee McMaster MD 1853 British army surgeon, recipient of the Victoria Cross, for the intrepidity with which he exposed himself to the fire of the enemy, in bringing in, and attending to, the wounded, on the 25th of September, at Lucknow [5]
William Henry Thomas Sylvester LRCS(Edin) 1853 British army surgeon, recipient of the Victoria Cross, for coming to the aid of an officer who was mortally wounded and remained with him, dressing his wounds, in a most dangerous and exposed situation on the 8th of September, and again on the 18th of September. [6]
Campbell Mellis Douglas MD 1861 Canadian army surgeon, recipient of the Victoria Cross, for risking their lives in manning a boat and proceeding through dangerous surf to rescue some of their comrades who had been sent to the island to find out the fate of the commander and seven of the crew. [7]
Henry Halcro Johnston MB 1880, CM 1880, MD 1893, BSc 1893, DSc 1894 Scottish botanist, represented Scotland internationally in rugby union, Colonel in the British Army
William Babtie LRCP(Edin) 1880, LRCS(Edin) 1880 Scottish surgeon, recipient of the Victoria Cross, he exposed himself to heavy fire to tend to the wounded including going with Captain Walter Norris Congreve to bring in Lieutenant Frederick Hugh Sherston (The Hon.) Roberts who was lying wounded on the veldt during the Second Boer War, Lieutenant General in the British Army
Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle MB 1881, CM 1881, MD 1885 novelist, creator of the character Sherlock Holmes
John Batty Tuke MB 1881, CM 1881, MD 1890 Scottish psychiatrist, Conservative MP for the University of Edinburgh and St Andrews
Robert Stirton Thornton MB 1884, CM 1884 Minister of Education for Manitoba, President of the Medical Council of Canada
George Ernest Morrison MD 1895 Australian adventurer, The Times correspondent in Peking during Boxer Rebellion
Henry Edward Manning Douglas LRCP(Edin) 1898, LRCS(Edin) 1898 Scottish surgeon, recipient of the Victoria Cross, he showed great gallantry and devotion under a very severe fire in advancing in the open and attending to Captain Gordon, Gordon Highlanders, who was wounded, and also attending to Major Robinson and other wounded men under a fearful fire. Many similar acts of devotion and gallantry were performed by Lieutenant Douglas on the same day, Major General in the British Army
Bernard Friedman MB 1921, ChB 1921 South African surgeon, co-founder of the anti-apartheid Progressive Party
Robert McIntyre MB 1938, ChB 1938 Scottish politician, leader of the Scottish National Party from 1947-56, first SNP MP for Motherwell
Lim Chong Eu MB 1944, ChB 1944 Malaysian politician, served as Chief Minister of Penang for a record 21 years, co-founder and president of Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia
Kerry Lang MB 1998, ChB 1998 British triathelete, British Triathlon Vice Champion of the Year 2009

Faculty (who were not also graduates of the medical school)[edit]

Name Department Notability Reference
Robert Sibbald Prof. of Medicine 1685-1722, Scottish physician, first described the blue whale, founder of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
William Cullen Prof. of Chemistry and Medicine 1755-1766, Prof. of Institutes of Medicine 1766-1773, Prof. of Medicine 1773-1790 Scottish physician, first demonstrated artificial refrigeration
James Syme Prof. Clinical Surgery 1833-1848, FRCS(Edin) 1823, Scottish surgeon, invented Mackintosh
Joseph Lister Prof. Clinical Surgery 1869-1877, FRCS(Edin) 1855, Scottish surgeon, introduced carbolic acid to sterilize surgical instruments
Edward Albert Sharpey-Schafer Chair of Physiology 1883-1933 English physiologist, regarded as the founder of endocrinology, discovered adrenaline, coined the terms endocrine and insulin
George Barger Prof. Chemistry in Relation to Medicine 1919-1937, British chemist, identified tyramine, contributed to the synthesis of thyroxine and Vitamin B1
Vincent du Vigneaud National Research Council Fellow 1928-1929, American biochemist, discovered oxytocin, awarded the 1955 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
Hermann Joseph Muller Post-doctoral researcher 1937-1940, American geneticist, discovered that mutations could be caused by X-rays, awarded the 1946 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
James Learmonth Chair of Surgery 1939-1956, Scottish surgeon, performed lumbar sympathectomy on King George VI to treat his vascular disease
John Crofton Prof. Respiratory Disease and Tuberculosis 1952-1977, British physician, pioneered the treatment of tuberculosis, which was known as the Edinburgh method. [8]
Michael Woodruff Chair of Surgical Science 1957-1976, British transplant surgeon, performed the first ever kidney transplant in the UK
Kenneth Murray Head of Molecular Biology 1967-84, Biogen Professor of Molecular Biology 1984-1998, FRSE 2000 Developed recombinant DNA technology, developed the vaccine for Hepatitis B, co-founder of biotechnology company Biogen [9]
Paul Nurse Post-doctoral researcher 1973-1979 Discovered the proteins cyclin and cdk as well as the genes cdc2 and cdk1 that are involved in the cell cycle, awarded the 2001 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine [10]
Andrew H. Wyllie Prof. Experimental Pathology 1992-1998, FRS 1995, Scottish pathologist, discovered the importance of programmed cell death and coined the term apoptosis
Matthew Kaufman Prof. Anatomy 1985-2007, FRS(Edin) 2008 First to derive embryonic stem cells from mouse embryos
Sir Ian Wilmut Prof. Emeritus 2006-Present, FRS(Edin) 2000 Scottish embryologist, first to clone a mammal, a Finn Dorset lamb named Dolly

Biologists and other physicians[edit]

Other[edit]

Nobel laureates[edit]

Edinburgh University has links with 18 Nobel laureates. They have been affiliated with the university as students, researchers, administrators and professors, and they have won Nobel Prizes in all categories.[11][12]

  • Edward Victor Appleton (Principal and Vice-Chancellor of Edinburgh University, 1949-1965), Nobel laureate in Physics (1947)
  • Charles Glover Barkla (Professor, 1913-1944), Nobel laureate in Physics (1917)
  • Max Born (Tait Professor of Natural Philosophy, 1936-1953), Nobel laureate in Physics (1954)
  • Winston Churchill (Rector, 1929-1932), Nobel Prize in Literature (1954)
  • Peter C. Doherty (PhD 1970), Nobel laureate in Medicine (1996)
  • Robert G. Edwards (PhD 1955), Nobel laureate in Medicine (2010)
  • Alexander Fleming (Rector, 1951-1954), Nobel laureate in Medicine (1945)
  • James Mirrlees (MA Mathematics and Natural Philosophy, 1954-1957), Nobel laureate in Economics (1996)
  • Peter D. Mitchell (Professor, 1955-1963), Nobel laureate in Chemistry (1978)
  • Hermann Muller (Professor, 1937-1940), Nobel laureate in Medicine (1946)
  • Paul Nurse (Post Doctorate researcher, 1973-1979), Nobel laureate in Medicine (2001)
  • Joseph Rotblat (Montague Visiting Professor of International Relations, 1975-1976),[13][14] Nobel peace prize laureate in 1995
  • Randy Schekman (spent a year at the university as an undergraduate student),[15][16] Nobel laureate in Medicine (2013)
  • Igor Tamm (undergraduate student, 1913-1914), Nobel laureate in Physics (1958)
  • Alexander R. Todd (Professor, 1934-1936), Nobel laureate in Chemistry (1957)
  • Vincent du Vigneaud (Post Doctorate fellow, 1929), Nobel laureate in Chemistry (1955)
  • Kurt Wuthrich (Visiting Professor, 1997-2000), Nobel laureate in Chemistry (2002),
  • Peter Higgs (Lecturer in Mathematical Physics 1960-1970, Reader 1970-1980, Professor 1980-96, Emeritus professor 1996 - present) Nobel laureate in Physics (2013)

Arts[edit]

Architecture[edit]

Literature and music[edit]

Media and the arts[edit]

Historians, philosophers, theologians and academics[edit]

Other[edit]

Business and economics[edit]

Sports[edit]

Miscellaneous[edit]

University Officials[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Our alumni | Why choose Edinburgh? | Postgraduate study
  2. ^ "George Beatson". Retrieved 2013-02-13. 
  3. ^ "Prof. Adrian P. Bird". zoominfo. Retrieved 13 October 2013. 
  4. ^ "Professor O James Garden". University of Edinburgh. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  5. ^ . London Gazette http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/23828/pages/595/page.pdf. Retrieved 15 November 2013.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^ . europepmc http://europepmc.org/articles/PMC2337460/pdf/brmedj06762-0034a.pdf. Retrieved 15 November 2013.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ "Three Licentiates of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh who were decorated with the Victoria Cross.". PubMed. 
  8. ^ "John Crofton". Retrieved 2013-02-13. 
  9. ^ "Professor Sir Kenneth Murray". Retrieved 2013-04-17. 
  10. ^ "Paul Nurse". Retrieved 2013-08-10. 
  11. ^ "Famous alumni". Edinburgh University. Retrieved 19 September 2012. 
  12. ^ "Nobel for IVF pioneer". Edinburgh University. Retrieved 19 September 2012. 
  13. ^ "Joseph Rotblat - Biographical". Nobelprize.org. Retrieved 8 October 2013. 
  14. ^ "Sir Joseph Rotblat". The Scotsman. Retrieved 8 October 2013. 
  15. ^ "Randy Schekman, molecular biologist and UCLA alumnus, wins 2013 Nobel Prize". University of California, Los Angeles. Retrieved 8 October 2013. 
  16. ^ "Profile of Randy Schekman: Reflections on his first year as PNAS Editor-in-Chief". National Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 8 October 2013. 
  17. ^ http://www.scottish-places.info/people/famousfirst2379.html