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list of University of Kansas people includes notable alumni and faculty of the University of Kansas, whose main campus is located in the American city of Lawrence, Kansas.
Nobel laureates [ edit ]
Politics, government and education [ edit ]
Alexander C. Mitchell (1889), Kansas Board of Regents, State House and Representative to the Sixty-second US Congress [1 ]
William H. Avery (politician) (1934), 37th Governor of Kansas (1965–1967) [2 ]
Sheila C. Bair, Former Chairman of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
Kay Barnes, Mayor of Kansas City, Missouri from 1999 to 2007
Carol A. Beier, Kansas Supreme Court Justice
George L. Brown, First African-American elected lieutenant governor and first African-American elected to statewide office in Colorado
Arthur Linton Corbin (1894), professor at Yale Law School and scholar of contract law
Jonathan M. Davis, 22nd Governor of Kansas [3 ]
George Docking (1925), 35th Governor of Kansas (1957–1961) 
Robert Docking (1948), 38th Governor of Kansas (1967–1975) 
Bob Dole, former U.S. Senate majority leader and Senator from Kansas (1969–1996), presidential and vice-presidential nominee. 
Jerry Elliott, Kansas jurist
Sam C. Ford, the 12th Governor of Montana. [4 ]
Thomas Frank, author, What's the Matter with Kansas?
Frederick Funston, attended 1885–1888, US Army general, recipient of Congressional Medal of Honor.
John B. Gage (1907), mayor of Kansas City, Missouri (1940–1946)
Francisco Santos Calderón 9th Vice President of Colombia.
Robert L. Gernon (BS 1966), Kansas Supreme Court Justice.
Arthur Harkins (BA 1959) & (PhD 1968), UMN Graduate Certificate in Innovation Studies.
Jane Dee Hull (1957), 24th Governor of Arizona (1997–2003) 
Robert Frederick Bennett 37th Governor of Kansas (1975–1979) [5 ]
Lee A. Johnson (BS 1964) Kansas Supreme Court Justice
Nancy Landon Kassebaum (1954), First female U.S. senator (1979–1997) elected without having been preceded in office by her husband. [6 ]
Kenton Keith, U.S. ambassador to Qatar, 1992–1995.
Joan F. Kessler, Wisconsin Court of Appeals Judge.
Phill Kline (JD 1987), Former Attorney General of Kansas (2003–2006), District Attorney of Johnson County, KS (2007–2008)
Ron Kuby, civil rights attorney
Alf Landon (1908), 26th Governor of Kansas (1933–1937) and Republican nominee in the 1936 presidential election [7 ]
Delano Lewis, former National Public Radio CEO and ambassador to South Africa
Deane Waldo Malott (1921), former Chancellor of KU and 6th president of Cornell University (1951–1963)
David McClain, President, University of Hawaii
John H. McClendon, an African-American scholar at Michigan State University
Merritt C. Mechem, 5th Governor of the State of New Mexico (1921–1923) [8 ]
Dennis Moore, U.S. Congressman for Kansas District 3 (1999–2011) [9 ]
Franklin David Murphy (B.S. 1936), Chancellor of the University of Kansas and Chancellor of the University of California, Los Angeles
Lawton Nuss (BA 1975, JD 1982), Kansas Supreme Court Justice
Frank D. Parent, California municipal court judge
William C. Perry (1922), Chief Justice Oregon Supreme Court
Eric Rosen, Kansas Supreme Court Justice
Jim Ryun, former U.S. Congressman Kansas District 2 (1997–2007), three-time U.S. Olympic runner and silver medalist [10 ]
Juan Manuel Santos, President of Colombia. Elected in 2010.
Kathleen Sebelius, Secretary of Health and Human Services under Obama, 44th Governor of Kansas (2003–2009)
Stephen Six, Attorney General of Kansas
Sam V. Stewart, Montana Supreme Court Justice and the sixth Governor of Montana. [11 ]
David R. Stras, Justice of the Minnesota Supreme Court
Walter R. Stubbs, 18th Governor of Kansas [12 ]
Deanell Reece Tacha (BA 1968), current chief judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit (2001–present)
Rosalie E. Wahl (1946), first women appointed to the Minnesota Supreme Court
Caroline Lucas, first Member of Parliament (UK) elected as a Green Party of England and Wales candidate
Bob Whittaker, U.S. Representative from Kansas [13 ]
Media and the arts [ edit ]
Mike Anderson award winning writer and host of The Not So Late Show
Wendall Anschutz, bachelors and masters in communications, long time KCTV news anchor [14 ]
Sanora Babb, novelist, best known for An Owl on Every Post and Whose Names Are Unknown
Scott Bakula, actor, star of and Quantum Leap Star Trek: Enterprise
Etta Moten Barnett, actress and singer, the first black artist to perform at the White House.
James Barnes, professor and award-winning composer
Liliana V. Blum, Mexican writer
Danni Boatwright, former Miss Teen USA and Miss USA contestant, winner of Survivor: Guatemala
Kara Brock, Television and film actress
Terry Bryant, Journalist. Sports and Weather anchor KMPH FOX 26-Fresno, CA
Igor Buketoff, conductor
Jan Chiapusso, piano pedagogue
Evan S. Connell, novelist, best known for Mrs. Bridge and Mr. Bridge
Christina Chang, television actress
Steve Doocy, Fox News anchor, and New York Times bestselling author
Bob Dotson, documentarian and NBC reporter, 4-time Emmy Award winner
Bill Downs, CBS and ABC News correspondent and one of the original Murrow Boys
Robert Ebendorf, international metalsmith and jeweler who uses found objects in his artwork
Von Freeman, Television Executive Producer , marketing director. ABC,NBC TV - The Radio Music Awards
Kori Gardner, vocalist, organist, and pianist in Mates of State / writer of Band on the Diaper Run
Frances Ginsberg, opera singer
Nikki Glaser, comedian
Cara Gorges, Miss Kansas USA 2007, controversial 2nd runner up Miss USA
Moses Gunn, actor, was in the TV mini-series Roots
Sherman Halsey, music video director, producer and artist manager
Ann Hamilton (BFA 1979), sculptor, installation artist and 1993 MacArthur Fellow recipient
Jason Hammel, musician & member of Mates of State
Kevin Harlan, broadcaster for CBS and TNT sports
Herk Harvey, Academy Award-winning director of over 400 industrial and educational short films as well as cult film Carnival of Souls
Scott Heim, novelist
Kevin Helliker, Chicago bureau chief of the Wall Street Journal, awarded the 2004 Pulitzer Prize for Explanatory Reporting
David Hill, international award winning industrial designer and executive leader. BFA Design 1982
Bob Holtzman, ESPN bureau-reporter for SportsCenter
William Inge, a Pulitzer Prize and Academy Award winning author/playwright
Don Johnson, actor, co-star of and Miami Vice Nash Bridges
Tim Joyce, television journalist, writer, meteorologist
Jay Karnes, television actor, most notably from The Shield
George E Kimball III, author, poet
Bill Kurtis, television journalist and producer, host of A&E shows, including Investigative Reports, American Justice, and Cold Case Files.
Neil LaBute, filmmaker/screenwriter, wrote and directed , nominated for In the Company of Men Palme D'Or for Nurse Betty
Wayne Lamb, Broadway dancer, choreographer and Professor Emeritus at Purdue University.
Margaret Larkin, writer, poet, singer-songwriter, theater personality, researcher, and union activist.
Jack Lembeck, painter and sculptor.
Keith Loneker, NFL player, St. Louis Rams and Atlanta Falcons. Actor, Leatherheads Superbad Lakeview Terrace and More...
Robert Morris, contemporary sculptor and painter (transferred to Reed College)
Laura Moriarty, novelist
Rob Neyer, baseball author and columnist for ESPN.com
Sara Paretsky, novelist, best known for her frequent protagonist, V.I. Warshawski
Mandy Patinkin, Emmy and Tony Award winning actor and singer ( , Yentl ; TV's The Princess Bride , Chicago Hope ) Criminal Minds
Artur Pizarro, concert pianist
Maurice Prather, motion picture and still photographer and film director
Betsy Randle, actress best known as the mother on Boy Meets World
Rob Riggle, comedian, correspondent and former The Daily Show cast member Saturday Night Live
Aaron S. Rosenberg, author and game designer
Paul Rudd, actor from TV's , Friends , Clueless , and The Cider House Rules Anchorman: The Legend of Ron Burgundy
Samantha Ryan, adult film actress
Devin Scillian, television journalist and children's author
Gary Mark Smith, artist, author, master global street photographer
William Stafford (BA 1937), poet and pacifist, winner of the National Book Award for Travelling Through the Dark
Oscar S. Stauffer (1910), founder of Stauffer Communications
Laurence Traiger, composer
Dee Wallace, actress ( , E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial ) The Howling
Catherine Warren, Miss Illinois USA 2006
William Allen White, Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist and author
Frank Wilcox, actor (attended for one year before transferring to St. Benedict's College). [15 ]
Science and technology [ edit ]
Paul R. Ehrlich (MA/PhD 1957), entomologist, researcher and author of , and 1990 The Population Bomb MacArthur Fellow recipient
Joe Engle (BS 1955), former NASA astronaut and a retired U.S. Air Force colonel 
Ronald E. Evans (BS 1956), former NASA astronaut and a retired U.S. Navy captain 
Steve Hawley (BA 1973), former NASA director and former astronaut. Now Professor of Physics and Astronomy at KU.
Erasmus Haworth, founder of the Kansas Geological Survey
David Hillis, evolutionary biologist and 1999 MacArthur Fellow recipient
Wes Jackson (MA 1960), environmental historian and founder of the Land Institute, a 1992 MacArthur Fellow recipient
Bill James, noted Baseball sabermetrician; author of The Bill James Baseball Abstract, starting in 1977; named to the Time 100 in 2006.
William T. Kane, physicist in field of fiber optics
Joseph W. Kennedy (MA 1937), co-discoverer of the element plutonium
Brian McClendon (BSEE 1986), VP of Engineering for Google Earth, formerly Keyhole, Inc.
Elmer McCollum, co-discoverer of Vitamin A
Nariman Mehta, Pharmacologist, developer of the antidepressant and smoking cessation drug Bupropion
Douglas Shane, (BS 1982) director of flight operations for SpaceShipOne, which made the first privately funded human spaceflight
Kathryn Stephenson (MD 1941), first American woman board-certified plastic surgeon
Walter Sutton, pioneer of cellular biology and genetics, physician, inventor
George Tiller (BS 1963, MD 1967), physician, abortion provider, pro-choice advocate
Clyde Tombaugh, astronomer, discoverer of the dwarf planet Pluto
Kent Whealy, co-founder of the Seed Savers Exchange, and 1988 MacArthur Fellow recipient Rear Admiral
Wayne E. Meyer, "father" of the Aegis Combat System and namesake of the USS Wayne E. Meyer naval destroyer.
Vernon L. Smith ( M.A. in economics 1952), awarded the 2002 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics 
Business [ edit ]
Kenneth S. "Boots" Adams (1921), former President and CEO of
Phillips 66 Petroleum Company [16 ]
K. S. "Bud" Adams, Jr., CEO of Adams Resources and owner of the Tennessee Titans [17 ]
Kjell Almskog, Norwegian businessman. Former chief executive officer of Kværner and many other companies
Philip Anschutz (1961), billionaire, founder of Qwest [18 ]
Cynthia Carroll, CEO of Anglo American, one of the world’s largest independent mining companies
Linda Z. Cook (1980), executive director of Shell Gas & Power, part of Royal Dutch Shell
Tim Crown, co-founder of Insight Enterprises
David Dillon, Chairman and CEO, Kroger Co.
Robert Eaton, former CEO of Chrysler Corporation Robert Kleist, founder and CEO of
Lou Montulli, co-founder of Netscape [19 ]
Alan Mulally (BS/MS), President and CEO of Ford Motor Company
Christopher A. Sinclair (1971), former CEO of Pepsi-Cola, Co.
Harry F. Sinclair, founder of Sinclair Oil Corporation [20 ]
Charles E. Spahr (1934), former CEO of Standard Oil of Ohio
Kenneth A. Spencer (1926), Spencer Chemical Company founder whose philanthropies to KU include the Kenneth Spencer Research Library and the Helen Foresman Spencer Museum of Art Paul Wilbur, CEO,
David Wittig, (1977) Former President and CEO of Westar Energy
Cheryl Womack, founder of insurance company for National Association of Independent Truckers, who donated the money for Arrocha Ballpark on the KU campus
Robert Kaplan, former Vice Chairman of The Goldman Sachs Group, professor at Harvard
Honorary alumni [ edit ]
Donald J. Hall, Sr., Chairman of the Board and former President and CEO of Hallmark Cards Chester Nez, WWII Veteran and one of the
Navajo Code Talkers. Nez previously attended classes at KU but by 1952 discontinued his studies after having exhausted funding from his GI bill. Was announced by the College of Liberal Arts and Science that Nez would be awarded an honorary Bachelors degree on Veterans Day, 2012. [21 ]
Faculty [ edit ]
Jan Chiapusso, Dutch-born pianist and pedagogue
J C D Clark, Ph.D., Cambridge University. Professor of History, History of Political Thought, 17th and 18th Century Britain, History of Religion.
Loren Eiseley, anthropology professor from 1937 to 1944
Michael S. Engel, Professor of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology and Curator of Entomology, expert on fossil insects.
Bryant C. Freeman, founded the Institute of Haitian studies at KU, was given the protocol rank of Major General with the U.N. peacekeeping force, and has published dictionaries in the language. [22 ]
James Gunn – Hugo Award-winning science fiction author and creative writing professor [23 ]
Steve Hawley Professor of Physics and Astronomy, former astronaut and director of flight crew operations of Johnson Space Center.
Kermit E Krantz MD, LittD (deceased 2007), University Distinguished Professor; Professor and Chairman Emeritus, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology; developed the Marshall–Marchetti–Krantz (MMK) and invented the expandable tampon.
Stanley Lombardo – Classics professor and translator of classical works into English, including the Iliad, Odyssey, and Aeneid. [24 ]
Adrian Melott, Professor of Physics and Astronomy. Astrophysicist and astrobiologist, researched the large-scale structure of the Universe, and mass extinctions.
Charles D. Michener Ex-chairman of KU Entomology Department, ex-director of the Snow Entomological Museum.
Richard Moore, distinguished Professor emeritus
Jan Roskam, emeritus Professor of Aerospace Engineering, author of eleven books on airplane design and flight dynamics.
Jeffrey Vitter, provost, executive vice chancellor, and Roy A. Roberts Distinguished Professor
Kevin Willmott, associate professor of Theater & Film, writer and director of the film [25 ] C.S.A.: The Confederate States of America [26 ]
Donald Worster, Distinguished Professor Emeritus of History, considered one of the founders of the field of environmental history.
Athletes and coaches [ edit ]
For athletes and coaches, see the relevant section in Kansas Jayhawks
Baseball [ edit ]
Bob Allison, All-Star outfielder of the Washington Senators and Minnesota Twins, 1959 American League Rookie of the Year.
Jeff Berblinger, former Major League Baseball player
Tom Gorzelanny, major league pitcher for the Washington Nationals
Travis Metcalf, former Major League Baseball player
Steve Renko, major league pitcher, winner of 136 games for seven different teams.
Mike Getto, Head Baseball Coach, All-Americanin Football, Head Coach for the Brooklyn Dodgers (NFL) Football Team in 1942.
Mike Zagurski, major league pitcher for the Arizona Diamondbacks
Basketball [ edit ]
Cole Aldrich, 2010 All-American, 11th pick in the 2010 NBA Draft, Oklahoma City Thunder
Forrest "Phog" Allen, Head basketball coach; Won 3 national championships, the 10th winningest coach in college basketball history and #1 winningest when he retired.
Darrell Arthur, 2008 National Champions, 27th pick of 2008 NBA draft, Memphis Grizzlies
Nick Bradford, basketball player 1997–2000, played professionally in Iceland, France, and Romania
Bill Bridges, All-American, 1975 NBA Championship with Golden State Warriors.
Mario Chalmers, 2007 Big 12 Co-Defensive Player of the Year, 2008 National Champions, MOP of 2008 Championship Game, 34th pick of 2008 NBA draft, Miami Heat
Wilt Chamberlain, two-time All-American, NBA hall of famer and NBA all-time leader for career rebounds and most points in a single game with 100 points.
Sherron Collins, 2010 All American, NBA player for Charlotte Bobcats, currently with BC Lietuvos Rytas
Nick Collison, All-American, NBA player for the Oklahoma City Thunder also known as "Mr. USA Basketball" for representing the country in international basketball.
Drew Gooden, All-American, 4th pick 2002 NBA draft, Basketball America Player of the Year 2002, Milwaukee Bucks.
Xavier Henry, All Big 12 honorable mention, 12th pick in the 2010 NBA Draft, Memphis Grizzlies
Kirk Hinrich, All-American, NBA player with the Chicago Bulls.
Keith Langford, professional basketball player (with Maccabi Tel Aviv)
Raef LaFrentz, All-American, NBA player with the Portland Trail Blazers.
Clyde Lovellette, All-American, the first basketball player in history to play on NCAA, Olympic, and NBA championship squads. Three NBA Finals titles and 1952 Olympic gold medal and NCAA Champion.
Danny Manning, basketball player and coach. Two-time All-American, 1988 recipient of the Naismith and Wooden Awards, Big 8 Player of the Decade for the 1980s, two-time NBA all-star.
Ralph Miller, former men's basketball coach at Oregon State University, the University of Iowa, and Wichita State University, member of the Basketball Hall of Fame.
Marcus Morris, All-American basketball player, fourteenth pick in the 2011 NBA Draft, Houston Rockets
Markieff Morris, Thirteenth pick of the 2011 NBA Draft, Phoenix Suns
James Naismith, the inventor of basketball.
Gregory Donovan Ostertag, NBA Utah Jazz Retired 1995-2012.
Paul Pierce, All-American, NBA All-Star on the Boston Celtics.
Scot Pollard, NBA, Free Agent
Tyrel Reed, winningest player in Kansas history
Thomas Robinson, NBA player for the Sacramento Kings
Dave Robisch, 2-time All-American, 13 seasons in the ABA and NBA.
Adolph Rupp, former men's basketball coach at the University of Kentucky and the third winningest coach in the sport. 2-time Helms National Championship team member at KU.
Brandon Rush, two-time All-American, MVP of the 2008 Big 12 Tournament, 2008 National Champions, 13th pick of 2008 NBA draft, Indiana Pacers
Wayne Simien, 2-time All-American, 2005 Big 12 Player of the Year.
Dean Smith, Basketball coach at the University of North Carolina and the third winningest coach in the sport. 1952 NCAA Basketball title at KU.
Tyshawn Taylor, NBA player for the Brooklyn Nets
Mark Turgeon, former player and current head coach for University of Maryland, formerly at Wichita State and Texas A&M.
Darnell Valentine, All-American, 3-time Academic All-American, 16th pick in 1981 NBA Draft, 10 years in NBA.
Jacque Vaughn, headcoach of Orlando Magic, two-time All-American, and 27th pick in 1997 NBA Draft.
Jo Jo White, All-American, 1968 gold medal Mexico City Olympics, named the most valuable player of the 1976 NBA Finals, seven-time NBA All-Star with Boston Celtics.
Lynette Woodard, Four-time All-American at KU; major college basketball's career women's scoring leader. First female member of the Harlem Globetrotters. Olympic women's basketball gold medalist.
Julian Wright, All-American, 13th pick of 2007 NBA draft, Toronto Raptors
Ben McLemore, 7th pick of 2013 NBA draft, Sacramento Kings
Gilbert Brown, NFL Nose Tackle for Super Bowl XXXI Champion Green Bay Packers. 11 seasons in NFL.
Nolan Cromwell, All-American, In 1976 set NCAA rushing record for a quarterback. 1980 NFC Defensive Player of the Year. 4-time pro bowl selection in 11 years with the Los Angeles Rams.
Mike Getto, Head Baseball Coach, All-Americanin Football, Head Coach for the Brooklyn Dodgers (NFL) Football Team in 1942.
John Hadl, 2-time All-American, once as halfback and once as quarterback. Selected as KU Football Player of the Century. NFL Quarterback from 1962 to 1977.
Rod Jones, Aloha Bowl Champion 1995, National Football League 1996–2002, Cincinnati Bengals St.Louis Rams Washington Redskins
Curtis R. McClinton, Jr. played in Super Bowl IV with the Kansas City Chiefs. He is the sixth-leading rusher in franchise history and MVP
Willie Pless, Star football linebacker in the Canadian Football League. NCAA and Big 8 record holder for tackles with 633 (in only 3 years). 11 time All-Pro and 5 time Defensive Player of the Year in CFL.
John Riggins, Super Bowl XVII MVP. NFL Hall of Fame inductee.
Jack Del Rio, former NFL linebacker, former head coach of the Jacksonville Jaguars (Del Rio played collegiately for the University of Southern California (USC). He earned his degree from KU while playing for the Kansas City Chiefs.) [27 ]
Gale Sayers, All-American, NFL Hall-of-Fame running back.
Dana Stubblefield, NFL all-pro defensive end. Stubblefield was drafted in the 1st round of the 1993 NFL Draft, 26th overall, by the San Francisco 49ers. NFL Defensive Rookie of the Year. 4x All-Pro selection (1994, 1995, 1996, 1997). 1997 NFL Defensive Player of the Year.
Darrell Stuckey, NFL Safety, San Diego Chargers
Aqib Talib, 2008 Orange Bowl MVP and first round NFL draft pick of the Tampa Bay Buccaneers.
Gary Woodland, professional golfer on the PGA Tour. Winner of the 2011 Transitions Championship at Innisbrook on the PGA Tour.
Matt Gogel, professional golfer on the PGA Tour. Winner of the 2002 AT&T Pebble Beach National Pro-Am on the PGA Tour.
Track and Field [ edit ]
Glenn Cunningham, 1933 James E. Sullivan award, former world record holder in 1500m and the mile, Silver Medal in 1936 Olympics in 1500m
Billy Mills, the only US athlete ever to win an Olympic 10,000m gold medal (at the 1964 Tokyo Olympics) and former world record holder.
Al Oerter, All-American, Track and Field (discus), 4 consecutive gold medals in olympic discus throw (1956–1968). 2-time world record holder.
Jim Ryun, former U.S. Congressman for Kansas District 2 (1997–2007), three-time U.S. Olympic runner and silver medalist. Held world records in the 880, 1,500m, and indoor and outdoor miles.
Bill Nieder, Track and Field (shot put), won silver at the 1956 Summer Olympics and gold in 1960 Summer Olympics. Set three shot put world records.
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ "William H. Avery". National Governors Association . Retrieved 14 October 2012.
^ "Kansas Governor Jonathan McMillan Davis". National Governors Association . Retrieved September 29, 2012.
^ "Montana Governor Samuel Clarence Ford". National Governors Association . Retrieved October 14, 2012.
^ "Robert Frederick Bennett]". National Governors Association . Retrieved 14 October 2012.
^ "Nancy Landon Kassebaum". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress . Retrieved 14 October 2012.
^ "Alf Landon". National Governors Association . Retrieved 14 October 2012.
^ "Merritt C. Mechem". National Governors Association . Retrieved 14 October 2012.
^ "Dennis Moore". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress . Retrieved 14 October 2012.
^ "RYUN, Jim, (1947 - )". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress . Retrieved October 14, 2012.
^ "Montana Governor Samuel Vernon Stewart". National Governors Association . Retrieved October 10, 2012.
^ "Kansas Governor Walter Roscoe Stubbs". National Governors Association . Retrieved September 29, 2012.
^ "WHITTAKER, Robert Russell, (1939 - )". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress . Retrieved October 4, 2012.
^ "Wendall Anschutz Obituary: View Obituary for Wendall Anschutz by McGilley State Line Chapel, Kansas City, MO". Obits.dignitymemorial.com . Retrieved 2011-04-01.
^ "Biography of Frank Wilcox". Internet Movie Data Base . Retrieved February 17, 2013.
^ Architecture makes powerful statement
^ "African and African American Studies".
^ "James Gunn Biography".
^ "KU: Department of Classics". Archived from the original on 2007-03-02 . Retrieved 2007-03-19.
^ "TH&F Assoc. Professor Kevin Willmott". Archived from the original on 2007-02-22 . Retrieved 2007-03-19.
^ "C.S.A. The Movie Website" . Retrieved 2007-03-19.
^ Garfield, David. "NFL success, KU degree among Del Rio's rewards," KU Alumni magazine, Issue 5, 2007, page 55.