List of VM Motori engines

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Italian manufacturer VM Motori S.p.A. has built several different diesel engines for many third-party applications.

Automotive Applications[edit]

2 Cylinder[edit]

3 Cylinder[edit]

R 315 SOHC[edit]

1.5 L (1,493 cc or 91.1 cu in) I3, with a single overhead camshaft, four valves-per-cylinder, and common-rail direct fuel injection.

Applications:

HR 392 SOHC[edit]

92 by 89.2 millimetres (3.62 in × 3.51 in) bore and stroke, 1.8 L (1,779 cc or 108.6 cu in) I3, of an OHV pushrod design with two valves per cylinder. The block was cast iron, with an alloy head. It featured a four main bearing crankshaft, a balance shaft, and a Bosch VE3/10 fuel injection pump. A KKK 14 turbocharger was used, with an intercooler for the facelifted 'Nuova 33' of 1990.[1]

Applications:

4 Cylinder[edit]

RA 420 SOHC[edit]

2.0 L (1,991 cc or 121.5 cu in) I4, with four valves-per-cylinder and common-rail direct fuel injection. Produced by GM Daewoo.

Applications:

  • Chevrolet Cruze, power: 110 kW (150 PS), torque: 320 N·m (240 lb·ft)
  • Daewoo Lacetti/Daewoo Nubira II/Chevrolet Optra, power: 89 kW (121 PS), torque: 280 N·m (210 lb·ft)
  • Daewoo Tosca/Chevrolet Epica, power: 110 kW (150 PS), torque: 320 N·m (240 lb·ft)
  • Daewoo Winstorm/Chevrolet Captiva, power: 110 kW (150 PS), torque: 320 N·m (240 lb·ft), engine code: Z 20 S1.
  • Hyundai Elantra XD, power: 82 kW (111 PS); torque: 250 N·m (180 lb·ft)
  • Hyundai i30 FD, power: 103 kW (140 PS); torque: 305 N·m (225 lb·ft) (pre-facelift models)
  • Hyundai Sonata NF, power: 103 kW (140 PS) (pre-facelift models) / 110 kW (150 PS) (facelift models); torque: 305 N·m (225 lb·ft)
  • Hyundai Tucson JM, power: 82 kW (111 PS), 103 kW (140 PS) or 110 kW (150 PS) depending on model year; torque: 250 N·m (180 lb·ft) or 305 N·m (225 lb·ft)
  • Hyundai Santa Fe SM, power: 82 kW (111 PS); torque: 250 N·m (180 lb·ft)
  • Hyundai Santa Fe CM, power: 103 kW (140 PS) or 110 kW (150 PS); torque: 305 N·m (225 lb·ft)
  • Hyundai Trajet, power: 82 kW (111 PS); torque: 250 N·m (180 lb·ft)
  • Kia Cerato/Spectra LD, power: 82 kW (111 PS); torque: 250 N·m (180 lb·ft)
  • Kia cee'd ED, power: 103 kW (140 PS); torque: 305 N·m (225 lb·ft)
  • Kia Optima/Magentis MG, power: 103 kW (140 PS) (pre-facelift models) / 88 kW (120 PS), or 100 kW (136 PS) or 110 kW (150 PS) (facelift models); torque: 305 N·m (225 lb·ft)
  • Kia Carens FC, power: 82 kW (111 PS); torque: 250 N·m (180 lb·ft)
  • Kia Carens UN, power: 103 kW (140 PS); torque: 305 N·m (225 lb·ft)
  • Kia Sportage JE, power 82 kW (111 PS), 103 kW (140 PS) or 110 kW (150 PS) depending on model year; torque: 250 N·m (180 lb·ft) or 305 N·m (225 lb·ft)
  • Opel Antara, power: 110 kW (150 PS), torque: 320 N·m (240 lb·ft)

HR 488 OHV[edit]

2.0 L (1,995 cc or 121.7 cu in) I4, with two (pushrod-actuated) valves-per-cylinder and indirect fuel injection from Bosch (Spica in earlier versions). 88.0 x 82.0 mm. This engine, developed for Alfa Romeo in 1979,[4] is also known as the VM80A and VM4 HT. Usually with KKK 16 turbochargers.

Applications:

  • 1985.05–1992.02 Alfa Romeo 75, 95 PS (70 kW) at 4,300 rpm and 192 N·m (142 lb·ft) at 2,300 rpm
  • 1979.10–1984.12 Alfa Romeo Alfetta, 82 PS (60 kW) at 4,300 rpm and 162 N·m (119 lb·ft) at 2,300 rpm[5]
  • 1983.03–1985.05 Alfa Romeo Giulietta, 82 PS (60 kW) at 4,300 rpm and 162 N·m (119 lb·ft) at 2,300 rpm[6]
  • 1984 FSO Polonez, 84 PS (62 kW) at 4,300 rpm and 162 N·m (119 lb·ft) at 2,500 rpm

HR 492 OHV[edit]

2.4 L (2,393 cc or 146.0 cu in) I4, with two (pushrod-actuated) valves-per-cylinder and indirect fuel injection (Bosch VE 4/10, Spica in some earlier applications). 92.0 x 90.0 mm. This engine is also known as the VM81A and VM4 HT 2.4. At first the 2.4 used KKK 24 turbochargers, later KKK 16's were installed for higher output.

Applications:

  • 1988.10–1992.02 Alfa Romeo 75, 112 PS (82 kW) at 4,200 rpm and 240 N·m (177 lb·ft) at 2,400 rpm
  • 1984.10–1987.01 Alfa Romeo 90, 110 PS (81 kW) at 4,200 rpm and 235 N·m (173 lb·ft) at 2,300 rpm[7]
  • 1983.04–1984.12 Alfa Romeo Alfetta, 95 PS (70 kW) at 4,200 rpm and 186 N·m (137 lb·ft) at 2,400 rpm[5]
  • 1984 Delta Mini Cruiser/Explorer, 100 PS (74 kW) at 4,200 rpm[8]
  • 1986–1989.10 Range Rover, 106 PS (78 kW) at 4,200 rpm and 238 N·m (176 lb·ft) at 2,400 rpm[9]
  • 1982.04–1986.10 Rover 2400 SD Turbo (SD1), 67 kW (90 bhp) at 4,000 rpm and 192 N·m (142 lb·ft) at 2,350 rpm[10]
  • 1986-? UAZ 469B, 97 PS (71 kW) at 4,200 rpm and 216 N·m (159 lb·ft) at 2,300 rpm (installed for the Italian market by importer V. Martorelli)[11]

425 OHV[edit]

2.5 L (2,499 cc or 152.5 cu in) I4, with two (pushrod-actuated) valves-per-cylinder and indirect fuel injection. 92.0 x 94.0 mm, the engine size is variably referred to as either 2,500 or 2,499 cc. This engine too has been called HR 492, signifying four cylinders of 92 mm bore. Timing gears, not belt.

Applications:

  • 1994–1998 Alfa Romeo 155, 125 PS (92 kW) at 4,200 rpm and 294 N·m (217 lb·ft) at 2,000 rpm
  • 1987–1992 Alfa Romeo 164, 114–117 PS (84–86 kW) at 4,200 rpm and 258 N·m (190 lb·ft) at 2,500 rpm (HR492/VM84A/VM08)
  • 1992–1998 Alfa Romeo 164, 125 PS (92 kW) at 4,200 rpm and 294 N·m (217 lb·ft) at 2,000 rpm (HS492/VM32)
  • 1991–2000 Chrysler Voyager, 118 PS (87 kW) and 262 N·m (193 lb·ft)
  • 1999–2000 Dodge Dakota, 114 hp (85 kW) and 300 N·m (221 lb·ft)
  • 1991-1995 Dodge Caravan C/V (U.S. fleets only), 118 PS (87 kW) and 262 N·m (193 lb·ft)
  • 1996–2000 GAZ GAZelle, 101 hp (75 kW); torque: 232 N·m (171 lb·ft)
  • 1994–2001 Jeep Cherokee, 118 hp (88 kW) at 4,000 rpm and 300 N·m (221 lb·ft) at 2,000 rpm
  • 1995–1998 Jeep Grand Cherokee, 114 hp (85 kW) and 300 N·m (221 lb·ft)
  • 1989.10-1992 Range Rover, 121 PS (89 kW; 119 bhp) at 4,200 rpm and 284 N·m (209 lb·ft) at 1,950 rpm[12]
  • 1990–1999 Rover 800, 118 bhp, latterly 120 bhp (87-88 kW) and 268 N·m (198 lb·ft) at 2,100 rpm[13]
  • 1997–2000 UAZ 3160, 101 hp (75 kW) and 232 N·m (171 lb·ft)

This engine was also used in some early Toyota Land Cruisers & Hilux, and Opel Fronteras.

The 425 OHV used in Chrysler Voyager 1991–2000 only 1996 and 1997 was with chain.

Between 1997 and 2001 this engine was manufactured at Detroit Diesel Motores do Brasil in Curitiba, Parana, Brazil. The plant was eventually sold to Perkins after the Dodge Dakota stopped production locally.

R 425 OHV[edit]

425 OHV fitted with direct fuel injection for cleaner emissions.

Applications:

R 425 DOHC[edit]

2.5 L (2,499 cc or 152.5 cu in) I4, with four valves-per-cylinder and common-rail direct fuel injection. Also available with variable geometry turbocharger (VGT) with upgraded power output of 120 kW (163 PS).[14]

Applications:

  • 2001–2007 Chrysler Voyager Manual (power: 141 hp (105 kW); torque: 251 lb·ft (340 Nm))
  • 2002–2004 Jeep Cherokee (power: 141 hp (105 kW); torque: 251 lb·ft (340 Nm))
  • 2006- LDV Maxus[15] (power: 118 hp (88 kW) at 4,000 rpm; torque: 221 lb·ft (300 Nm) at 2,000 rpm)

A derated version of this engine putting out 100 hp was chosen in 2006 to power the new generation of the iconic London Taxi (the TX4).

R 428 DOHC[edit]

R 425 DOHC enlarged to 2.8 L (2,766 cc or 168.8 cu in) displacement.

Applications:

  • 2001–2007 Chrysler Voyager (Automatic transmission) (power: 150 hp (110 kW); torque: 251 lb·ft(360 Nm))
  • 2001–2004 Jeep Cherokee/Liberty (power: 150 hp (110 kW); torque: 251 lb·ft(360 Nm)). Only in Europe
  • 2005–2007 Jeep Cherokee/Liberty (power: 163 hp (120 kW); torque: 295 lb·ft(400 Nm))
  • 2008–2010 (mod. RA 428 DOHC) Jeep Cherokee/Liberty (power: 177 hp (130 kW); torque: 302/339 lb·ft(410/460 Nm))
  • 2004–present BMC Megastar (power: 127 hp (95 kW); torque: 184 lb·ft(250 Nm))
  • 2007–2010 (mod. RA 428 DOHC) Dodge Nitro (power: 177 hp (130 kW); torque: 302/339 lb·ft(410/460 Nm))
  • 2007–2010 (mod. RA 428 DOHC) Jeep Wrangler (power: 177 hp (130 kW); torque: Manual transmission: 302 lb·ft or 410 N·m automatic transmission: 339 lb·ft or 460 N·m))
  • 2008–2011 (mod. RA 428 DOHC) Chrysler Grand Voyager (Automatic transmission) power: 163 hp (120 kW); torque: 295 lb·ft or 400 N·m))

A 428 DOHC[edit]

Evolution of R428 DOHC with 1800 bar common rail injection system and piezoelectric injectors

Applications:

5 Cylinder[edit]

HR 588 OHV[edit]

2.5 L (2,494 cc or 152.2 cu in) inline-five, with two (pushrod-actuated) valves-per-cylinder and indirect fuel injection from either Bosch or Spica. 88.0 x 82.0 mm. This engine is a five-cylinder version of the 2-litre HR488, and also uses KKK turbochargers.

Applications:

531 OHV[edit]

Essentially a 425 OHV with an extra cylinder. 3.1 L (3,125 cc or 190.7 cu in) I5, with two (pushrod-actuated) valves-per-cylinder and indirect fuel injection.

Applications:

  • 1999–2001 Jeep Grand Cherokee (power: 138 hp or 103 kW; torque: 283 lb·ft or 384 N·m))

R 531 OHV[edit]

531 OHV I5 engine, fitted with direct fuel injection.

Applications:

6 Cylinder[edit]

638 OHV[edit]

Essentially a 531 OHV with an extra cylinder. 3.8 L (3,749 cc or 228.8 cu in) inline-six, with two (pushrod-actuated) valves-per-cylinder and indirect fuel injection.

Applications:

  • 1995–1999 Asia Motors Combi (power: 135 hp (101 kW); torque: 236 lb·ft (320 N m))
  • 1995–2000 Bucher-Guyer Duro (power: 148 hp (110 kW); torque: 251 lb·ft or 340 N·m))
  • 1999 Bering trucks (power: 116 hp or 87 kW; torque: 295 lb·ft or 400 N·m))

R 638 OHV[edit]

638 OHV fitted with direct fuel injection.

Applications:

D 642 OHV[edit]

Essentially an R 638 OHV enlarged to 4.2 L (4,164 cc or 254.1 cu in) displacement. It was the first VM Motori engine to feature direct fuel injection.

Applications:

  • 2001–2002 Bucher-Guyer Duro (power: 158 hp (118 kW); torque: 295 lb·ft (400 N m))

RA 629 DOHC[edit]

A planned 2.9 L (2,935 cc or 179.1 cu in) double overhead camshaft V6, featuring four valves-per-cylinder and common-rail direct fuel injection.

Developed for General Motors but stopped at the end of 2008; after Cadillac left the European market and Saab was put for sale, GM had no use for that engine.

A 630 DOHC[edit]

A 3.0 L (2,987 cc or 182.3 cu in) double overhead camshaft V6, featuring four valves-per-cylinder and common-rail direct fuel injection. A variant complying with emission norms of North America market (NAFTA) is named L630 DOHC

A630 applications (EU):

  • 2011 Jeep Grand Cherokee
    • power 241 PS (177 kW), torque 406 lb·ft (550 N m)
  • 2012 Chrysler 300 /Lancia Thema (Europe)
    • power 190 PS (140 kW; 190 hp) @ 4000 rpm, torque 440 N·m (320 lb·ft) @ 1600-2800 rpm
    • power 239 PS (176 kW; 236 hp) @ 4000 rpm, torque 550 N·m (410 lb·ft) @ 1800-2800 rpm
  • 2013 Maserati Ghibli III
    • power 275 PS (202 kW; 271 hp) @ 4000 rpm, torque 600 N·m (440 lb·ft) @ 2000 rpm
  • 2013 Maserati Quattroporte VI
    • power 275 PS; 271 hp (202 kW) @ 4000 rpm, torque 600 N·m (440 lb·ft) @ 2000-2600 rpm

L630 applications (US):

  • 2014 Jeep Grand Cherokee
    • power 243 PS (179 kW; 240 hp) @ 3600 rpm, torque 420 lb·ft (570 N·m) @ 2000 rpm
  • 2014 Ram 1500
    • power 243 PS (179 kW; 240 hp) @ 3600 rpm, torque 420 lb·ft (570 N·m) @ 2000 rpm

See also[edit]

Other vehicles which used VM Motori engines in some models[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Büschi, Hans U., ed. (March 1991). Automobil Revue 1991 (in German/French) 86. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag AG. p. 153. ISBN 3-444-00514-8. 
  2. ^ "Automotive/Past vehicles". vmmotori.it. Retrieved 16 July 2007. 
  3. ^ Quattroruote: Tutte le Auto del Mondo 1992. Milano: Editoriale Domus S.p.A. 1992. p. 12. 
  4. ^ von Fersen, Olaf (6 March 1980). "Automobiltechnik an der Zeitenwende/La technique de l'automobile à un tournant" [Automobile technology at a turning point]. Automobil Revue '80 (in German/French) (Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag, AG) 75: 109. 
  5. ^ a b World Cars 1984. Pelham, NY: L'Editrice dell'Automobile LEA/Herald Books. 1984. p. 196. ISBN 0-910714-16-9. 
  6. ^ World Cars 1985. Pelham, NY: L'Editrice dell'Automobile LEA/Herald Books. 1985. p. 188. ISBN 0-910714-17-7. 
  7. ^ World Cars 1985, p. 191
  8. ^ Marin, Gianni, ed. (July–September 1984). "La Borsa del Nuovo" [New Price Listing]. Auto in Fuoristrada (in Italian) (Milan: Rusconi Editore) 3 (7): 163. 
  9. ^ Heitz, Rudolf, ed. (1987). Auto Katalog 1988 (in German) 31. Stuttgart: Vereinigte Motor-Verlage GmbH & Co. KG. p. 202. 
  10. ^ World Cars 1985, p. 174
  11. ^ Mastrostefano, Raffaele, ed. (1990). Quattroruote: Tutte le Auto del Mondo 1990 (in Italian). Milano: Editoriale Domus S.p.A. p. 1346. 
  12. ^ Tutte le Auto del Mondo 1990, p. 1277
  13. ^ Tutte le Auto del Mondo, pp. 907–908
  14. ^ "VM Motori R425 DOHC page". 
  15. ^ Ciferri, Luca (2005-05-16). "LDV gets diesels from VM Motori". Automotive News. Crain Communications. 
  16. ^ World Cars 1984, p. 198
  17. ^ Mastrostefano, Raffaele, ed. (1990). Quattroruote: Tutte le Auto del Mondo 1990 (in Italian). Milano: Editoriale Domus S.p.A. pp. 1340–1341.