List of Vice Presidents of the Philippines
This is a complete list of Vice-Presidents of the Philippines, who were inaugurated as Vice-President of the Philippines following the ratification of a constitution that explicitly declared the existence of the Philippines. The inclusion of Mariano Trías in the list is disputed, for Trias was chosen as vice-president at the Tejeros Convention, and again as vice-president for the short-lived Republic of Biak-na-Bato, which was dissolved after the signing of the Pact of Biak-na-Bato and Aguinaldo's exile. Neither the reassumption of power by Emilio Aguinaldo when the revolution was resumed in May 1898 nor his formal proclamation and inauguration as President under the First Philippine Republic in 1899 were regimes that provided for a vice-presidency. The vice-presidency within the context of the Philippine government was formally created by the constitution in 1935.
Vice-presidents during the Commonwealth of the Philippines were under American sovereignty, and there was no office of vice-president during the Second Republic, considered to be a puppet government of Imperial Japan during World War II.
When Ferdinand Marcos declared martial law, the sitting vice-president, Fernando Lopez, was removed from the office. Marcos ruled without a vice-president until 1986. The 1973 constitution initially did not provide for a vice-president, but subsequent amendments restored the office. A vice-president was able to sit after the 1986 election when the Marcos-Arturo Tolentino ticket was proclaimed winners by the Batasang Pambansa.
Three vice-presidents succeeded to the presidency due to the death of presidents - Sergio Osmeña (1944), Elpidio Quirino (1948) and Carlos P. Garcia (1957). They did not nominate a new vice-president, since the 1935 constitution was silent on the matter; a new vice-president would sit after the results of following elections were known. Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo became president after the Supreme Court ruled that President Joseph Estrada resigned. Arroyo appointed Teofisto Guingona days after she ascended to power. The 1987 constitution mandated the President to nominate a vice-president from a member of the Congress of the Philippines, in which both houses vote separately for confirmation via a majority vote.
Fernando Lopez is the longest-serving vice-president, who served for a combined total of almost 11 years. Arturo Tolentino served 11 days before being deposed in the 1986 People Power Revolution. Noli de Castro was the first vice-president who was never a member of any political party but affiliated with the political coalition led by Lakas-CMD.
List of Vice Presidents
|Took office||Left office||Party||President||Era|
|March 22, 1897||December 15, 1897||None||Emilio Aguinaldo||Tejeros Convention &
Republic of Biak-na-Bato
December 15, 1897 - November 15, 1935
|November 15, 1935||August 1, 1944||Nacionalista||Manuel L. Quezon||Commonwealth|
August 1, 1944 - May 28, 1946
Jose P. Laurel
|May 28, 1946||April 17, 1948||Liberal||Manuel Roxas|
April 15, 1948 - December 30, 1949
|December 30, 1949||December 30, 1953||Liberal|
|5||Carlos P. Garcia
|December 30, 1953||March 18, 1957||Nacionalista||Ramon Magsaysay|
March 18, 1957 - December 30, 1957
|Carlos P. Garcia|
|December 30, 1957||December 30, 1961||Liberal|
|December 30, 1961||December 30, 1965||Liberal||Diosdado Macapagal|
|December 30, 1965||September 23, 1972||Nacionalista||Ferdinand E. Marcos|
September 23, 1972 - January 23, 1984
January 23, 1984 - February 16, 1986
|February 16, 1986||February 25, 1986||KBL|
|February 25, 1986||June 30, 1992||UNIDO||Corazon C. Aquino|
|June 30, 1992||June 30, 1998||PMP||Fidel V. Ramos|
|June 30, 1998||January 20, 2001||Lakas–NUCD–UMDP / KAMPI||Joseph E. Estrada|
January 20, 2001 - February 7, 2001
|13||Teofisto Guingona, Jr.
|February 7, 2001||June 30, 2004||Lakas–CMD|
|14||Noli de Castro
|June 30, 2004||June 30, 2010||Independent
(Allied with Lakas-CMD/Lakas Kampi CMD)
|June 30, 2010||Incumbent||PDP-Laban||Benigno Aquino III|
Unofficial Vice-Presidents of the Philippines
Historians and other figures have identified the following people as having held the vice-presidency of a government intended to represent the Philippines, but their terms of office are not counted by the Philippine government as part of the presidential succession.
Kapisanan ng Paglilingkod sa Bagong Pilipinas (KALIBAPI; Organization in the Service of the New Philippines)
|Took office||Left office||Party||President||Era|
|May 6, 1902||July 14, 1906||None||Macario Sakay||Tagalog Republic|
|October 14, 1943||February 2, 1944||KALIBAPI||Jose P. Laurel||Second Republic|
|3||Benigno Aquino, Sr.
|February 2, 1944||October 17, 1945||KALIBAPI||Jose P. Laurel||Second Republic|
- Term began with his election as vice-president at the Tejeros Convention.
- Term ended with the dissolution of the Biak na Bato Republic.
- Allied with the Magdalo faction of the revolutionary society Katipunan.
- Succeeded after the death of president.
- Term ended with the proclamation of martial law.
- The office of the vice president did not exist in the original, unamended 1973 Constitution, which was ratified on January 17, 1973. Amendments to Article VII restored the position.
- Term ended when Marcos was overthrown in the 1986 People Power Revolution
- Assumed vice presidency by claiming victory in the disputed 1986 snap election.
- Laurel himself was a member of the Nacionalista Party, which aligned itself with the UNIDO ticket. In 1989, UNIDO dissolved and Laurel was elected president of the Nacionalistas.
- Estrada was the running mate of Eduardo Cojuangco of the NPC; his own party, Partido ng Masang Pilipino was in coalition with the NPC.
- Nominated by President Arroyo and confirmed by Congress.
- Term ended with his capture by the American Forces .
- "1973 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines". Philippine Constitutions. Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 2006-10-26.
- "1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines - Article VII". Philippine Constitutions. Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 2006-10-26.
- President of the Philippines
- Vice President of the Philippines
- Prime Minister of the Philippines (presently defunct)