List of Vice Presidents of the United States by time in office

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John Adams
First Vice President and the first to be elected President (1789–1797).
Daniel D. Tompkins
The first of six Vice Presidents who served 2,922 days (1817–1825).
William R. King
served only 45 days and then died (in 1853).

This is a complete list of United States Vice Presidents by time in office. The basis of the list is the difference between dates; if counted by number of calendar days all the figures would be one greater.

Rank by time in office[edit]

Rank
by time in office
Order
in office
Vice President Length of term
in days
Explanation
1 6 Daniel D. Tompkins 2,922 Served two full terms.
28 Thomas R. Marshall
36 Richard Nixon
43 George H. W. Bush
45 Al Gore
46 Dick Cheney
7 32 John Nance Garner 2,879 Served two full terms, but first term was shortened by 43 days by the 20th Amendment.
8 1 John Adams 2,874 Served two full terms, but the first term inaugural was postponed because the U.S. Congress had not properly convened.
9 7 John C. Calhoun 2,857 Resigned in his second term to take a seat in the U.S. Senate.
10 4 George Clinton 2,605 Died in office during his second term.
11 47 Joe Biden 2,000[1] Currently serving.
12 39 Spiro Agnew 1,724 Resigned in his second term to avoid prison.
13 3 Aaron Burr 1,461 Served one full term.
8 Martin Van Buren
9 Richard Johnson
11 George M. Dallas
14 John C. Breckinridge
15 Hannibal Hamlin
17 Schuyler Colfax
19 William A. Wheeler
22 Levi P. Morton
23 Adlai E. Stevenson
26 Charles W. Fairbanks
30 Charles G. Dawes
31 Charles Curtis
33 Henry A. Wallace
35 Alben W. Barkley
38 Hubert Humphrey
42 Walter Mondale
44 Dan Quayle
31 2 Thomas Jefferson 1,460 Served one full term without any leap year.
32 27 James S. Sherman 1,338 Died in office.
33 37 Lyndon B. Johnson 1,036 Succeeded to presidency.
34 18 Henry Wilson 993 Died in office.
35 24 Garret Hobart 992 Died in office.
36 29 Calvin Coolidge 881 Succeeded to presidency.
37 41 Nelson Rockefeller 763 Appointed and confirmed mid-term.
38 5 Elbridge Gerry 629 Died in office.
39 12 Millard Fillmore 492 Succeeded to presidency.
40 21 Thomas A. Hendricks 266 Died in office.
41 40 Gerald Ford 246 Appointed and confirmed mid-term, and later succeeded to presidency.
42 20 Chester A. Arthur 199 Succeeded to presidency.
43 25 Theodore Roosevelt 194 Succeeded to presidency.
44 34 Harry S. Truman 82 Succeeded to presidency.
45 13 William R. King 45 Died in office.
46 16 Andrew Johnson 42 Succeeded to presidency.
47 10 John Tyler 31 Succeeded to presidency.
  1. ^ Updated daily according to UTC.

Vacancies ranked by duration length[edit]

Shortest "apprenticeship":
John Tyler served only 31 days, then became President.
Rank by
length
Reason Start End Vice-president
before
vacancy
President
during
vacancy
Vice-president
after
vacancy
Next in Line of Succession Length
in days
1 A April 4, 1841 March 4, 1845 John Tyler John Tyler George M. Dallas Senate President pro tempore Samuel L. Southard
Senate President pro tempore Willie Person Mangum
1,430
2 A April 15, 1865 March 4, 1869 Andrew Johnson Andrew Johnson Schuyler Colfax Senate President pro tempore Lafayette S. Foster
Senate President pro tempore Benjamin Wade
1,419
3 B April 18, 1853 March 4, 1857 William R. King Franklin Pierce John C. Breckinridge Senate President pro tempore Lewis Cass
Senate President pro tempore Jesse D. Bright
Senate President pro tempore Charles E. Stuart
Senate President pro tempore Jesse D. Bright
Senate President pro tempore James Murray Mason
1,416
4 A April 12, 1945 January 20, 1949 Harry S. Truman Harry S. Truman Alben W. Barkley Secretary of State Edward Stettinius, Jr.
Secretary of the Treasury Henry Morgenthau
Secretary of State James F. Byrnes
Secretary of State George Marshall
House Speaker Joseph William Martin, Jr.
House Speaker Sam Rayburn
1,379
5 A September 14, 1901 March 4, 1905 Theodore Roosevelt Theodore Roosevelt Charles W. Fairbanks Secretary of State John Hay 1,267
6 A September 19, 1881 March 4, 1885 Chester A. Arthur Chester A. Arthur Thomas A. Hendricks Senate President pro tempore Thomas F. Bayard
Senate President pro tempore David Davis
1,262
7 B November 25, 1885 March 4, 1889 Thomas A. Hendricks Grover Cleveland Levi P. Morton House Speaker John G. Carlisle
Senate President pro tempore John Sherman
Secretary of State Thomas F. Bayard
1,195
8 A July 9, 1850 March 4, 1853 Millard Fillmore Millard Fillmore William R. King Senate President pro tempore William R. King
Senate President pro tempore David Rice Atchison
969
9 B November 23, 1814 March 4, 1817 Elbridge Gerry James Madison Daniel D. Tompkins Senate President pro tempore William H. Crawford 832
10 A August 2, 1923 March 4, 1925 Calvin Coolidge Calvin Coolidge Charles G. Dawes Secretary of State Charles Evans Hughes 580
11 B November 21, 1899 March 4, 1901 Garret Hobart William McKinley Theodore Roosevelt Secretary of State John Hay 468
12 B November 22, 1875 March 4, 1877 Henry Wilson Ulysses S. Grant William A. Wheeler Senate President pro tempore Thomas W. Ferry 468
13 A November 22, 1963 January 20, 1965 Lyndon B. Johnson Lyndon B. Johnson Hubert Humphrey House Speaker John William McCormack 425
14 B April 20, 1812 March 4, 1813 George Clinton James Madison Elbridge Gerry House Speaker Langdon Cheves
Senate President pro tempore John Gaillard
318
15 A August 9, 1974 December 19, 1974 Gerald Ford Gerald Ford Nelson Rockefeller House Speaker Carl Albert 132 [1]
16 B October 30, 1912 March 4, 1913 James S. Sherman William Howard Taft Thomas R. Marshall Secretary of State Philander C. Knox 123
17 C December 28, 1832 March 4, 1833 John C. Calhoun Andrew Jackson Martin Van Buren Senate President pro tempore Hugh Lawson White 65
18 C October 10, 1973 December 6, 1973 Spiro Agnew Richard Nixon Gerald Ford House Speaker Carl Albert 57 [2]

Key to Reasons:

  • A - Succeeded to Presidency following death or resignation of the President
  • B - Death of the Vice President
  • C - Resignation of the Vice President

Notes[edit]

1 ^ 2 ^ Vacancies occurring after the adoption of the 25th Amendment, allowing for a replacement Vice President to be nominated and confirmed.