List of Victorian Football League players who died on active service

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Keith Truscott

Since the inception of the Victorian Football League in 1897, many of its players have served in the armed services, including the Anglo-Boer War, World War I, World War II, the Korean War (in which Melbourne's Geoff Collins served as a fighter pilot), and the Vietnam War (in which Geelong's Wayne Closter served).

A number of the VFL players who served also lost their lives on active service; they were either killed in action, or died as a consequence of the wounds, injuries, and/or illnesses they had suffered in their active service.[1]

According to Main & Allen (2002, p. x), "no VFL footballer was killed in any wars other than the Anglo-Boer War and the two World Wars".

The Anglo-Boer War[edit]

Charlie Moore and Stan Reid, the only two VFL players to be killed in the Anglo-Boer War, had played against each other in the 1898 VFL Grand Final.

Reid had played in the back-pocket for Fitzroy and was one of Fitzroy's best players, whilst Moore had played at full-forward for Essendon. Fitzroy won the match 5.8 (38) to 3.5 (23), with Moore kicking one of Essendon's three goals.[2]

Moore had already played a number of senior games for Albert-park Football Club (and, possibly, also for the South Melbourne Football Club) in the VFA before moving to play for Essendon in the VFL's inaugural year of 1897,[3] whilst Stan Reid had played quite a number of senior games for the Fitzroy Football Club in the VFA prior to 1897.[4]

Player VFL
Games
VFL Club(s) Rank held at time of death Date of death Location
Charlie Moore 30 Essendon Trooper, 4th Victorian Imperial
Bushmen's Contingent
12 May
1901
Kwaggashoek Farm,
South Africa[5]
Stan Reid 24 Fitzroy Lieutenant, 6th Western Australian
Mounted Infantry
29 June
1901
Middel-Kraal,
South Africa[6]

World War I[edit]

It can never be definitively argued that any particular person was "the first VFL footballer killed in the First World War" due to at least six former VFL footballers being killed during the chaos of the landing at Anzac Cove on Sunday, 25 April 1915 — Lieutenant Joseph Rupert "Rupert" Balfe (University), Private Joseph Alan "Alan" Cordner (Geelong and Collingwood), Private Claude Terrell Crowl (St Kilda), Private Charles "Charlie" Fincher (South Melbourne), Private Fenley John "Fen" McDonald (Carlton and Melbourne), and Corporal Arthur Mueller "Joe" Pearce (Melbourne).

Player VFL
Games
VFL Club(s) Rank held at time of death Date of death Location
James Aitken 1 Geelong Private, 5th Battalion,
First A.I.F.
8 August
1915
Gallipoli,
Turkey[7]
Rupert Balfe 7 University Lieutenant, 6th Battalion,
First A.I.F.
25 April
1915
Gallipoli,
Turkey[8]
John Bell 18 Geelong Captain, No. 2 Squadron,[9]
Australian Flying Corps
27 December
1917
Western Front,
France[10]
Lewis Blackmore 7 Essendon Second Lieutenant, 1st
Battalion, First A.I.F.
23 July
1916
Pozières,
France[11]
Jim Bonella 1 Melbourne Private
2nd Battalion Australian Machine Gun Corps
24 May
1918
France[12]
Norman Bradford 7 South Melbourne Corporal, 23rd Battalion,
First A.I.F.
4 August
1916
Pozières,
France[13]
Cliff Burge 5 Melbourne Lieutenant, 24th Battalion,
First A.I.F.
14 August
1918
Villers-Bretonneux,
France[14]
Arthur Caldwell 8 St Kilda Private, 4th Battalion,
First A.I.F.
26 July
1915
Valletta,
Malta[15]
Sam Campbell 1 Collingwood Private
Australian Reinforcement
21 October
1918
Sierra Leone[16]
Hughie Callan 71 Essendon
South Melbourne
Private, 14th Battalion,
First A.I.F.
5 February
1917
Bapaume,
France[17]
George Challis 70 Carlton Sergeant, 58th Battalion,
First A.I.F.
15 July
1916
Armentières,
France[18]
Thornton Clarke 4 Fitzroy Corporal, 60th Battalion,
First A.I.F.
19 July
1916
Fromelles,
France[19]
Harry Collins
DCM
6 Fitzroy Lieutenant, 6th Battalion,
First A.I.F.
10 August
1918
Villers-Bretonneux,
France[20]
Jack Cooper 136 Fitzroy Lance-Corporal, 8th
Battalion, First A.I.F.
20 September
1917
Polygon Wood,
Belgium[21]
Arch Corbett 7 University Captain, Australian Army
Medical Corps, First A.I.F.
25 June
1920
Lost at sea off
Toulon, France[22]
Alan Cordner 23 Geelong
Collingwood
Private, 6th Battalion,
First A.I.F.
25 April
1915
Gallipoli,
Turkey[23]
Claude Crowl 3 St Kilda Private, 8th Battalion,
First A.I.F.
25 April
1915
Gallipoli,
Turkey[24]
Joe Crowl 3 Geelong Captain, 8th Australian,
Light Horse, First A.I.F.
27 June
1915
Gallipoli,
Turkey[25]
Dave Cumming
MC and Bar
21 University Captain, 48th Battalion,
First A.I.F.
3 May
1918
Villers-Bretonneux,
France[26]
Harry Daniel 11 Carlton Private
5th Battalion (Infantry)
10 August
1918
France[27]
Jack Doubleday 53 University
Melbourne
Lieutenant, Australian
Dental Corps, First A.I.F.
30 October
1918
Died at sea,
Indian Ocean[28]
George Elliott
MC
80 Fitzroy
University
Captain, Australian Army
Medical Corps, First A.I.F.
25 September
1917
Chateau Wood,
Ypres
, France[29]
Jim Farnan 1 St Kilda Private
46th Battalion (Infantry)
9 August
1916
France[30]
Fred Fielding 18 South Melbourne
Collingwood
Private, 28th Battalion,
First A.I.F.
8 August
1918
Villers-Bretonneux,
France[31]
Charlie Fincher 9 South Melbourne Private, 5th Battalion,
First A.I.F.
25 April
1915
Gallipoli,
Turkey[32]
Bill Fischer 1 Melbourne Sergeant
8th Brigade Australian Field Artillery
15 October
1917
Belgium[33]
Chris Fogarty 28 Essendon
University
Lieutenant, 24th
Battalion, First A.I.F.
29 November
1915
Gallipoli,
Turkey[34]
Jack Freeman 22 South Melbourne Sapper, 2nd Field
Company, Australian
Engineers, First A.I.F.
15 November
1916
Rouen,
France[35]
Dick Gibbs
MC
35 University Captain, 59th Battalion,
First A.I.F.
19 July
1916
Fleurbaix,
France[36]
Dave Gillespie 5 Carlton Company Sergeant Major,
59th Battalion, First A.I.F.
27 March
1917
Military Hospital
Caulfield, Victoria[37]
Jimmy Gordon 8 Essendon Bombardier, 3rd AFA Brigade,
Australian Field Artillery
30 September
1918
France[38]
Albert Gourlay 6 Carlton
Melbourne
Private, Wellington Infantry Regiment,
New Zealand Expeditionary Force
15 August
1917
Military Hospital,
England[39]
Artie Harrison 20 Richmond
Fitzroy
Lance-Corporal, 22nd
Battalion, First A.I.F.
3 May
1917
Bullecourt
France[40]
Ed Harrison 7 South Melbourne Sergeant, 24th
Battalion, First A.I.F.
13 March
1917
Étaples
France[41]
Billy Harvey 9 Essendon Captain
1st Pioneer Battalion
14 September
1917
Belgium[42]
Arthur Hinman 24 University Lieutenant, 15th
Battalion, First A.I.F.
10 May
1915
Gallipoli,
Turkey[43]
Lou Holmes 1 St Kilda Captain, 10th
Battalion, First A.I.F.
23 June
1915
Gallipoli,
Turkey[44]
Tommy Hughes 6 Carlton Private, 23rd
Battalion, First A.I.F.
3 May
1917
The Somme,
France[45]
Herb Hunter 3 Essendon Captain, 7th
Battalion, First A.I.F.
8 May
1915
Gallipoli,
Turkey[46]
Les James 72 Geelong Private, 14th
Battalion, First A.I.F.
22 October
1917
Passchendaele,
Belgium[47]
Arthur Jones 7 Fitzroy Trooper, 8th Australian
Light Horse, First A.I.F.
7 August
1915
Gallipoli,
Turkey[48]
Malcolm Kennedy 17 Melbourne Captain
Headquarters 1 Australian Division
2 January,
1918
Belgium[49]
Bill Landy 2 Geelong Private, 58th
Battalion, First A.I.F.
19 July
1916
Fromelles,
France[50]
Charles Langtree 1 Collingwood Lieutenant, 159th Brigade
Royal Field Artillery
3 August
1916
Corbie,
France[51]
Ron Larking
MC and Bar
1 University Captain, 38th Division, Signal
Company, Royal Engineers
1 April
1918
Neuve-Église,
France[52]
Les Lee 2 Richmond Private, 10th Machine Gun
Company, First A.I.F.
8 June
1917
Messines,
Belgium[53]
Otto Lowenstern 12 St Kilda Lord Strathcona's Horse
(Royal Canadians)
1 December
1917
France[54]
Frank Lugton 36 Melbourne Lance-Corporal, 24th
Battalion, First A.I.F.
29 July
1916
Villers-Bretonneux,
France[55]
Jim Mackie 5 Melbourne Private, 21st Battalion,
First A.I.F.
20 March
1917
Bapaume,
France[56]
Bill Madden 26 St Kilda Lance Corporal
22nd Battalion (Infantry)
3 May
1917
France[57]
Peter Martin 15 Collingwood Private, 6th Battalion,
First A.I.F.
25 March
1918
Military Hospital
Caulfield, Victoria[58]
Stan Martin 65 University Corporal, 22nd Battalion,
First A.I.F.
3 May
1917
Bullecourt
France[59]
Tom McCluskey 9 Carlton
Fitzroy
Private, 37th Battalion,
First A.I.F.
4 October
1917
Passchendaele,
Belgium[60]
Fen McDonald 11 Carlton
Melbourne
Private, 37th Battalion,
First A.I.F.
25 April
1915
Gallipoli,
Turkey[61]
Paddy McGuinness 1 St Kilda Private
51st Battalion (Infantry)
6 May
1918
France[62]
Fred McIntosh 39 University
Essendon
Lieutenant, 59th
Battalion, First A.I.F.
28 September
1917
Polygon Wood,
Belgium[63]
Arthur McKenzie 4 Geelong Private, 1st Regiment
South African Infantry
18 July
1916
Delville Wood,
France[64]
Stan McKenzie 14 Carlton Sergeant, 1st Australian
Clearing Hospital, First A.I.F.
8 December
1915
Alexandria,
Egypt[65]
Stan Neale
MC
28 University Captain, 59th
Battalion, First A.I.F.
29 September
1918
Bellicourt,
France[66]
Jim Nicholas 1 University Lieutenant Colonel,
5th Australian Field Ambulance,
Australian Army Medical Corps
20 September
1917
Belgium[67]
Bill Nolan 30 Richmond Sergeant, 58th
Battalion, First A.I.F.
23 July
1916
Fleurbaix,
France[68]
Bert O'Connell 2 St Kilda Private, 24h
Battalion, First A.I.F.
1 November
1918
Wales[69]
Sid O'Neill 1 Fitzroy Sergeant, 8th
Australian Light Horse
7 August
1915
Gallipoli,
Turkey[70]
Alick Ogilvie 28 Melbourne
University
Second Lieutenant, 12th
Battalion, First A.I.F.
18 August
1915
Malta[71]
Charlie Oliver 1 Carlton Doctor
Australian Army Medical Corps
29 December
1917[72]
Melbourne, Australia[73]
Harold Parker 3 St Kilda 2nd Lieutenant
37th Battalion (Infantry)
30 January
1917
France[74]
Joe Pearce 152 Melbourne Corporal, 7th Battalion,
First A.I.F.
25 April
1915
Gallipoli,
Turkey[75]
Jim Pender 15 Carlton Private, 14th Battalion,
First A.I.F.
2 July
1916
Bois-Grenier,
France[76]
Hugh Plowman 26 St Kilda Captain, 60th Battalion,
First A.I.F.
19 July
1916
Fromelles,
France[77]
Leslie Primrose 16 University Lieutenant,
Australian Flying Corps
4 June
1918
The Somme,
France[78]
Harold Rippon 9 Melbourne
South Melbourne
Private
2nd Pioneer Battalion
16 January
1917
France[79]
Alex Robertson 10 University Second Lieutenant, 11th
Battalion, First A.I.F.
6 August
1915
Gallipoli,
Turkey[80]
Ralph Robertson 14 St Kilda Second Lieutenant,
Royal Flying Corps &
Second Lieutenant, 8th
Battalion, Hampshire Regiment
11 May
1917
Aboukir,
Egypt[81]
Percy Rodriguez 22 University
Melbourne
Second Lieutenant, 23rd
Battalion, First A.I.F.
20 March
1917
The Somme,
France[82]
Bill Rogers 3 Carlton Corporal, 3rd Battalion,
Machine Gun Corps, First A.I.F.
22 September
1918
near Rouen,
France[83]
Les Rogers[84] 3 Essendon Private
23rd Battalion (Infantry)
4 August
1916
France[85]
Paddy Rowan[86] 82 Collingwood Sergeant, 29th
Battalion, First A.I.F.
5 December
1916
Western Front,
France[87]
Bobby Royle 3 Melbourne Private
2nd Company Machine Gun Corps
3 November
1916
France[88]
Gerald Ryan 18 Essendon Lance Sergeant, 14th
Battalion, First A.I.F.
6 February
1917
Tidworth,
Wiltshire, England[89]
Cyril Seelenmeyer
MC
6 University Major,
Australian Army Veterinary Corps
8 August
1918
Fouilloy, Somme,
France[90]
Joe Slater 108 Geelong Captain, 22nd
Battalion, First A.I.F.
3 May
1917
Bullecourt
France[91]
Bruce Sloss 84 Essendon
South Melbourne
Lieutenant, 10th Machine
Gun Company, First A.I.F.
4 January
1917
Armentières,
France[92]
Claude Thomas 13 South Melbourne Private, 14th
Battalion, First A.I.F.
5 July
1918
Hamel,
France[93]
Jack Turnbull 12 South Melbourne Private, 39th
Battalion, First A.I.F.
2 May
1917
Western Front,
France[94]
Jack Walker 4 St Kilda Sergeant, 8th
Battalion, First A.I.F.
27 July
1916
Pozières,
France[95]
Mal Williams 7 University Lieutenant Colonel,
1st Field Ambulance,
Australian Army Medical Corps
2 May
1917
The Somme,
France[96]
Alf Williamson 19 Carlton
Melbourne
Captain, 14th
Battalion, First A.I.F.
11 April
1917
Bullecourt
France[97]
Tommy Worle 3 Collingwood Sergeant, 8th Brigade
Australian Field Artillery
31 July
1917
Armentières,
France[98]
Tom Wright 12 Collingwood Corporal
59th Battalion (Infantry)
12 December
1916
France[99]

World War II[edit]

Player VFL
Games
VFL Club(s) Rank held at time of death Date of death Location
Syd Anderson 53 Melbourne Flying Officer,
100 Squadron, R.A.A.F.
20 May
1944
Shot down off
Wewak, New Guinea[100]
Jack Atkins 4 Melbourne Able Seaman,
H.M.A.S. Perth, Naval Reserve
1 March
1942
Sunda Strait,
off Java[101]
Wilf Atkinson 1 Carlton Flight Sergeant R.A.A.F.
attached to 232 Squadron, R.A.F.
12 August
1943
over Sicily[102]
Harold Ball 33 Melbourne Private, 2/9 Field Ambulance,
Australian Army Medical Corps
9 February 1942 Singapore,
Malaya[103]
Ron Barassi Sr 58 Melbourne Corporal, 7th Division Supply Column,
Australian Army Service Corps
31 July
1941
Tobruk, Libya[104]
Paul Bell 15 St Kilda Lance Corporal, 2/5 Cavalry
(Commando) Squadron, Second A.I.F.
4 July
1945
Balikpapan,
Borneo[105]
George Brock 4 North Melbourne Leading Aircraftman R.A.A.F.
1 Service Flying Training School, Point Cook
2 August
1941
Air collision near the
You Yangs, Victoria[106]
Harold Comte 104 St Kilda Private, 2/24th
Battalion, Second A.I.F.
30 May
1945
Tarakan,
Dutch East Indies[107]
Tommy Corrigan 107 Fitzroy Sergeant, 1 Recruit
Centre Melbourne, R.A.A.F.
9 January
1943
Heidelberg
Military Hospital
[108]
Bill Cosgrove 3 Richmond Fight Sergeant,
30 Squadron, R.A.A.F.
11 August
1943
off Goodenough Island
Milne Bay[109]
Bill Downie 69 Footscray
St Kilda
Private, 105 Transport Company,
Australian Army Service Corps
11 September
1943
Burma-Siam Railway
Burma[110]
Jack Drake 3 Hawthorn Lance-Bombadier, 2/2 Field
Regiment, Royal Australian Artillery
23 April
1941
Bralos Pass
Thermopylae, Greece[111]
Noel Ellis 3 Melbourne Sergeant, 23rd Anti Tank Battery,
Royal Australian Artillery
6 July
1942
Queensland[112]
Bob Flegg 18 St Kilda Warrant Officer R.A.A.F.
attached to 70 Squadron, R.A.F.
7 July
1944
over Feuersbrunn,
Austria[113]
Bill Garvie 9 Richmond Private, 20 Field Bakery Platoon,
Australian Army Service Corps
27 June
1944
Atherton Tablelands,
Far North Queensland[114]
Alf Giblett 9 Hawthorn Corporal, 2/24th
Battalion, Second A.I.F.
19 June
1943
New Guinea[115]
Godfrey Goldin 8 Essendon Private, 2/7th
Battalion, Second A.I.F.
7 February
1943
New Guinea[116]
Alf Goonan 7 North Melbourne Private, 2/29th
Battalion, Second A.I.F.
22 January
1942
Malaya[117]
Alf Hedge 16 South Melbourne Pilot Officer, R.A.A.F.
attached to 78 Squadron, R.A.F.
4 May
1942
over Hamburg,
Germany[118]
Fred Heintz 14 Fitzroy Private, 2/21st
Battalion, Second A.I.F.
20 February
1942
Ambon,
Dutch East Indies[119]
Clyde Helmer 73 Geelong
Melbourne
Warrant Officer Class II,
Bomb Disposal Mobile Unit,
Royal Australian Engineers
24 April
1945
whilst defusing bomb
at Aitapi, near Lae,
New Guinea[120]
Bill Hudson 5 St Kilda Lance Corporal,
51st Field Park Company,
Royal Australian Engineers
11 April
1945
New Guinea[121]
Len Johnson 69 Essendon
North Melbourne
Private, 4th Reserve Motor
Transport Company, Australian
Army Service Corps
24 January
1942
near Singapore,
Malaya[122]
Jack Keddie 1 Essendon Sergeant, 127 Brigade Workshops,
Australian Corps of Electrical
and Mechanical Engineers
15 August
1945
Wewak,
New Guinea[123]
Stuart King 43 St Kilda Flying Officer,
11 Squadron, R.A.A.F.
28 February
1943
off Cairns,
Far North Queensland[124]
Jim Knight 43 Geelong
Carlton
Flying Officer,
30 Squadron, R.A.A.F.
11 October
1943
Goodenough Island,
Milne Bay[125]
Ralph Lancaster 44 Geelong Gunner, 9th Light
Anti-Aircraft Battery, Royal
Australian Artillery, Second A.I.F.
28 August
1942
New Guinea[126]
Norm Le Brun 50 Carlton
Collingwood
Essendon
South Melbourne
Trooper, 2/10th Australian
Cavalry (Commando) Squadron
15 November
1944
Aitapi, near Lae,
New Guinea[127]
Jack Lynch 25 Geelong Driver, 2/19th Transport Platoon,
Australian Army Service Corps
8 September
1944
Charters Towers,
Far North Queensland[128]
Ken McLeod 54 University Engineer-Lieutenant Commander,
H.M.S. Glowworm, R.A.N.
8 April
1940
off Trondheim,
Norway[129]
Wallace Mills 1 St Kilda Warrant Officer Class II,
2/41st Light Aid Detachment, Australian
Corps of Electrical and Mechanical Engineers
24 November
1943
Far North Queensland[130]
Derek Mollison 66 Melbourne Captain, 2/12th Field Regiment
9th Division, Second A.I.F.
19 December
1943
Rockhampton,
Central Queensland[131]
Alex Nash
DFM
1 Hawthorn Pilot Officer,
8 Squadron, R.A.A.F.
28 March
1944
off Bougainville Island,
New Guinea[132]
Norm Oliver 13 Collingwood Flying Officer,
4 Squadron, R.A.A.F.
27 June
1944
Madang,
New Guinea[133]
Jim Park 128 Carlton Lieutenant, 2/6th Infantry
Battallion, Second A.I.F.
9 February
1943
Wau,
New Guinea[134]
Alan Pearsall 2 South Melbourne Flying Officer, R.A.A.F.
(seconded to 16 Squadron, R.A.F.)
8 March
1944
over English
Channel
[135]
Bert Peters 17 North Melbourne Flying Officer, R.A.A.F.
53 Squadron RAF
13 June
1944
Shot down over the English Channel.[136]
Dick Pirrie 3 Hawthorn Sub-Lieutenant, H.M.S. Invicta, Royal
Australian Naval Volunteer Reserve
6 June
1944
Normandy,
France[137]
Jack Price 10 Hawthorn Private,
2/2nd Pioneer Battalion, Second A.I.F.
27 June
1941
Syria[138]
Ted Regan 11 Melbourne
Essendon
Flight Sergeant, R.A.A.F.
attached to 11 Squadron, R.A.F.
9 July
1943
over Burma[139]
Beres Reilly 13 St Kilda
North Melbourne
Melbourne
Pilot Officer,
454 Squadron, R.A.A.F.
23 July
1943
over Crete[140]
Archie Roberts 48 Essendon
Melbourne
Private, 2/21st
Battalion, Second A.I.F.
6 June
1945
Ambon
Dutch East Indies[141]
Gordon Sawley 7 South Melbourne Flying Officer R.A.A.F.
attached to 19 Operational Training Unit, R.A.F.
14 August
1942
over Scotland[142]
Mo Shapir 2 North Melbourne Flight Sergeant, R.A.A.F.
attached to 108 Squadron, R.A.F.
15 August
1942
Middle East[143]
Jack Shelton 2 South Melbourne
St Kilda
Lieutenant, 2/21st
Battalion, Second A.I.F.
1 May
1941
Libya[144]
Len Thomas 209 North Melbourne
Hawthorn
South Melbourne
Private, 2/3rd Independent
(Commando) Company, Second A.I.F.
17 August
1943
Salamaua,
New Guinea[145]
Henry Thomson 1 Carlton Sergeant
AA Pay Corps
21 May
1943
Burman[146]
Keith Truscott
DFC and Bar
50 Melbourne Squadron Leader,
76 Squadron, R.A.A.F.
28 March
1943
Exmouth Gulf,
Western Australia[147]
Jack Wade 26 South Melbourne Private, 2/27th
Battalion, Second A.I.F.
11 June
1941
Syria[148]
Max Wheeler 1 Hawthorn Private, 2/2nd Pioneer
Battalion, Second A.I.F.
11 June
1941
Syria[149]
Barney Wood 5 Melbourne Sergeant, 2/16th
Battalion, Second A.I.F.
9 June
1941
Litani River,
Syria[150]
Gus Young 10 Hawthorn Bombadier, 3rd Australian
Light Anti Aircraft Regiment,
Royal Australian Artillery
29 May
1941
at sea

Middle East[151]

Umpires[edit]

At least one VFL umpire is known to have been killed: goal umpire Alexander Salton who served as a Private in the 60th Battalion, First A.I.F. He died from his wounds on 10 September 1916 in France.[152] He was shot in the stomach five says after joining his battalion, which had been comprehensively defeated two months before at the Battle of Fromelles. He is the only VFL field, boundary, or goal umpire known to have been killed on active service in any war.[153]

In an unusual case, one VFL umpire, Henry James "Bunny" Nugent (1880-1955),[154][155] served in three wars,[156][157] the Boer War, World War I,[158][159][160] and World War II.[161][162] (he had put his age back five years to enlist in 1939). In his first senior VFL match as field umpire back from service in the First AIF, (Richmond v. Essendon on Saturday, 11 May 1918), the Richmond and Essendon players lined up and formed a guard of honour for him to run through as he took the ground.[163]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ In all that follows, in the event of any conflict in the information provided by different sources, unless there is some specific reason to do otherwise, the work of Main & Allen (2002) is taken as the authority because it is the most reliable, the most recent, and the most thoroughly researched.
  2. ^ Main & Allen (2002), p.3; Mapleston, (1996), p.54.
  3. ^ Main & Allen (2002), p.3.
  4. ^ Main & Allen, (2002), p.7.
  5. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Moore, Charles", pp.3-6 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Charles Moore (301) AFL Statistics: Charlie Moore
  6. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Reid, Stanley", pp.7-10 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Stanley Spencer Reid AFL Statistics: Stan Reid
  7. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Aitken, James", p.13 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: James Tod Aitken (2105) AFL Statistics: James Aitken
  8. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Balfe, Rupert", pp.14-16 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Joseph Rupert Balfe AFL Statistics: Rupert Balfe
  9. ^ Known to the British military as "68 Squadron", to avoid confusion with No. 2 Squadron, Royal Flying Corps.
  10. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Bell, John", pp.17-20 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: John Bell AFL Statistics: John Bell
  11. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Blackmore, Lewis", pp.21-22 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Lewis Gordon Blackmore AFL Statistics: Lewis Blackmore
  12. ^ Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour - James Henry Bonella. Note: he was registered by the VFL as "JIm Bonelli" AFL Statistics: Jim Bonelli
  13. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Bradford, Norman", pp.23-25 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Alfred Norman Bradford (2577) AFL Statistics: Norm Bradford
  14. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Burge, Clifford", pp.26-27 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Clifford Charles Burge AFL Statistics: Cliff Burge
  15. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Caldwell, Arthur", pp.28-29 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Arthur Edward Caldwell (1728) AFL Statistics: Arthur Caldwell
  16. ^ Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour - Samuel Cleland Campbell, AFL Statistics: Sam Campbell
  17. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Callan, Hugh", pp.30-32 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Hugh Callan (5652) AFL Statistics: Hughie Callan
  18. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Challis, George", pp.33-36 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: George David Challis (2595) AFL Statistics: George Challis Blueseum Biography: George Challis
  19. ^ Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Thornton Gainsborough Clarke AFL Statistics: Thornton Clarke
  20. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Collins, Harold DCM", pp.37-38 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Harold Collins AFL Statistics: Harry Collins
  21. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Cooper, Jack", pp.39-42 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: John Thomas Cooper (4753) AFL Statistics: Jack Cooper Full Points Footy Biography: Jack Cooper
  22. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Corbett, Arch", p.43 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Archibald Gladstone Corbett AFL Statistics: Arch Corbett
  23. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Cordner, Alan", pp.44-46 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Joseph Alan Cordner (180) AFL Statistics: Alan Cordner
  24. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Crowl, Claude", pp.47-48 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Claude Terrell Crowl (337) AFL Statistics: Claud Crowl
  25. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Crowl, Joseph", pp.49-51 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Joseph Terrell Crowl AFL Statistics: Joe Crowl
  26. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Cumming, Derwas", pp.52-54 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Dewas Goring Charles Cumming MC & BAR AFL Statistics: Dave Cumming
  27. ^ Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour - Harold Daniel, AFL Statistics: Harry Daniel
  28. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Doubleday, Jack", pp.55-56 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Jack Lindsay Doubleday AFL Statistics: Jack Doubleday
  29. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Elliott, George", pp.57-59 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: George Stephenson Elliott MC AFL Statistics: George Elliott Full Points Footy Biography: George Elliott
  30. ^ Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour - James Farnan, AFL Statistics: Jim Farnan
  31. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Fielding, Fred", pp.60-61 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Note that Fred Fielding enlisted and served under the alias of "James Gleeson" (his mother's maiden name was Gleeson). Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Fred Fielding (5596) AFL Statistics: Fred Fielding
  32. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Fincher, Charles", pp.62-64 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Charles Fincher (472) AFL Statistics: Charlie Fincher
  33. ^ Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour - William Nicholson Fischer, AFL Statistics: Bill Fischer
  34. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Fogarty, Chris", pp.65-67 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Andrew Christopher Fogarty AFL Statistics: Chris Fogarty
  35. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Freeman, Jack", pp.68-70 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Jack Freeman (2477) AFL Statistics: Jack Freeman
  36. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Gibbs, Richard MC", pp.71-72 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Richard Horace Maconchie Gibbs MC AFL Statistics: Dick Gibbs
  37. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Gillespie, Dave", pp.73-75 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: David Francis Gillespie (3037) AFL Statistics: Dave Gillespie Blueseum Biography: Dave Gillespie
  38. ^ Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: James Duncan Gordon
  39. ^ Auckland War Memorial Museuem AFL Statistics: Albert Gourlay
  40. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Harrison, Arthur", pp.76-78 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Arthur Charles Harrison (1732) AFL Statistics: Artie Harrison
  41. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Harrison, Edward", pp.79-80 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Edward Harrison (4024) AFL Statistics: Ed Harrison
  42. ^ Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour - William George Harvey, AFL Statistics: Billy Harvey
  43. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Hinman, Arthur", pp.81-83 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Arthur Gurr Hinman AFL Statistics: Arthur Hinman
  44. ^ Alan Grant, "Lest We Forget - Part 1" (St Kilda Football Club Official Website, 19 April 2007) Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Louis Gordon Holmes AFL Statistics: Lou Holmes
  45. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Hughes, Tom", pp.84-85 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Albert Thomas Hughes (5985) AFL Statistics: Tommy Hughes Blueseum Biography: Tommy Hughes
  46. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Hunter, Herbert", pp.86-87 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Herbert Humphreys Hunter AFL Statistics: Herb Hunter
  47. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "James, Les", pp.88-90 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Leslie Joseph James (7117) AFL Statistics: Les James
  48. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Jones, Arthur", pp.91-93 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Arthur M Jones (828) AFL Statistics: Arthur Jones
  49. ^ Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour - Malcolm Stuart Kennedy, AFL Statistics: Mal Kennedy
  50. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Landy, William", pp.94-95 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: William Joseph Landy (3581) AFL Statistics: Bill Landy
  51. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Langtree, Charles", pp.96-97 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. His full name was Charles Henry Langtree, and his date of birth was 23 April 1883. He was the grandson of the first VFL President, Alexander McCracken. AFL Statistics: Charles Langtree
  52. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Larking, Ronald MC and Bar", pp.98-100 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. AFL Statistics: Ron Larking
  53. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Lee, Leslie", pp.101-105 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Leslie Edward Lee (224) AFL Statistics: Les Lee
  54. ^ In memory of Sergeant Otto Lowenstern - Veterans Affairs Canada, AFL Statistics: Otto Lowenstern
  55. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Lugton, Frank", pp.106-109 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Frank Leslie Lugton (447) AFL Statistics: Frank Lugton
  56. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Mackie, James", pp.110-111 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: James Robert Mackie (5367) AFL Statistics: Jim Mackie
  57. ^ Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour - William Charles Madden, AFL Statistics: Bill Madden
  58. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Martin, Peter", pp.112-113 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. The name of Peter James Martin (3399) does not appear on the Australian War Memorial's Roll of Honour, most likely because, at the time of his death (25 March 1918), more than 12 months and a day had elapsed since he had been wounded in action. He had been hit in the head by a German bullet at Pozières on 8 December 1916; the right side of his head was very badly damaged (it never healed properly), and he lost his right eye. He died from his war wounds at the Caulfield Military Hospital. AFL Statistics: Peter Martin
  59. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Martin, Stanley", pp.114-115 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Stanley Carlton Martin (4488) AFL Statistics: Stan Martin
  60. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "McCluskey, Tom", pp.116-118 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Thomas Miller McCluskey (3107) AFL Statistics: Tom McCluskey Blueseum Biography: Tom McCluskey
  61. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "McDonald, Fen", pp.119-121 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Fenley John McDonald (127) AFL Statistics: Fen McDonald Blueseum Biography: Fen McDonald
  62. ^ Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour - Patrick McGuinness, AFL Statistics: Paddy McGuinness
  63. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "McIntosh, Fred", pp.122-124 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Frederick Richard McIntosh AFL Statistics: Fred McIntosh
  64. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "McKenzie, W. Arthur", pp.129-131 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. William Arthur McKenzie was born on 25 December 1879. AFL Statistics: Arthur McKenzie
  65. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "McKenzie, Stan", pp.125-128 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Matthew Stanley McKenzie (1459) AFL Statistics: Stan McKenzie Blueseum Biography: Stan McKenzie
  66. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Neale, Stanley MC", pp.132-134 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Batchelder, (1998), p.4 ("Captain Stanley Walter Neale, MC"). Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Stanley Walter Neale MC AFL Statistics: Stan Neale
  67. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Nicholas, James", pp.135-136 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: James Joachim Nicholas AFL Statistics: Jim Nicholas
  68. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Nolan, Bill", pp.137-139 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: William Nolan (3201) AFL Statistics: Bill Nolan
  69. ^ Alan Grant, "Lest We Forget - Part 1" (St Kilda Football Club Official Website, 19 April 2007) Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Albert O'Connell (1546) AFL Statistics: Bert O'Connell
  70. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "O'Neill, Sydney", pp.142-143 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Sydney John O'Neill (432) AFL Statistics: Sid O'Neill
  71. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Ogilvie, Tom", pp.140-141 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Thomas Alexander Ogilvie AFL Statistics: Alick Ogilvie
  72. ^ Oliver isn't listed on the Australian War Memorial's Roll of Honour but according to page one of The Argus on 31 December edition, died, as a member of the Australian Army, when he fell off his horse outside the Seymour army base.
  73. ^ AFL Statistics: Charlie Oliver Blueseum Biography: Charlie Oliver
  74. ^ Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour - Harold Carlyle Parker, AFL Statistics: Harold Parker
  75. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Pearce, Joe", pp.144-146 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Arthur Mueller Pearce (418) AFL Statistics: Joe Pearce
  76. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Pender, Jim", pp.147-149 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: James Robert Pender (3458) AFL Statistics: Jim Pender Blueseum Biography: Jim Pender
  77. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Plowman, Hugh", pp.150-153 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Hugh McDonald Plowman AFL Statistics: Hugh Plowman
  78. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Primrose, Leslie", pp.154-156 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Leslie John Primrose AFL Statistics: Les Primrose
  79. ^ Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour - Harold Holt Rippon, AFL Statistics: Harold Rippon
  80. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Robertson, Alex", p.157 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Alexander John Robertson AFL Statistics: Alex Robertson
  81. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Robertson, Ralph", pp.158-160 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. AFL Statistics: Ralph Robertson Full Points Footy Biography: Ralph Robertson
  82. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Rodriguez, Percy", pp.161-162 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Percy John Rodriguez AFL Statistics: Percy Rodriguez
  83. ^ Bluesum: "Willie Rogers remembered . . . lest we forget"; First World War Embarkation Roll: William Martin Rogers (113A); Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: William Martin Rogers (113A) states "died pf wounds"; Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour circular: William Martin Rogers (113A); First World War Nominal Roll (Rogers,William John - Rogerson, Sterling John); Australian Red Cross Wounded and Missing Enquiry Bureau files: William Martin Rogers; Bluesum Biography: Bill Rogers; AFL Statistics: James Aitken; AFL Statistics (Round by Round) Carlton 1913.
  84. ^ Born Les Collins
  85. ^ Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour - Leslie Joseph Collins, AFL Statistics: Les Rogers
  86. ^ His real name is Percy Edward Rowe. He was also a talented boxer. He was invited to play with Collingwood in 1911; however, because he had already played with (and was still tied to) his local team, South Bendigo Football Club, he was legally not eligible to play for Collingwood. Therefore, Collingwood registered him under the name he had used when boxing professionally, "Paddy Rowan". All AFL/VFL records are, therefore, in the name of Paddy Rowan – as are the records at Collingwood (his Collingwood player's sequential number is 173).
  87. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Rowe, Percy", pp.163-168 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Percy Edward Rowe AFL Statistics: Paddy Rowan
  88. ^ Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour - Robert Royle, AFL Statistics: Bobby Royle
  89. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Ryan, Gerald", pp.169-171 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Gerald Ryan AFL Statistics: Gerald Ryan
  90. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Seelenmeyer, Cyril", pp.172-174 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Cyril Robert Seelenmeyer MC AFL Statistics: Cyril Seelenmeyer
  91. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Slater, Joe", pp.175-178 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Joseph Henry Slater AFL Statistics: Joe Slater Full Points Footy Biography: Joe Slater
  92. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Sloss, Bruce", pp.179-183 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Bruce Moses Farquhar Sloss AFL Statistics: Bruce Sloss Full Points Footy Biography: Bruce Sloss
  93. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Thomas, Claude", pp.184-185 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Claude Edison Thomas (12626) AFL Statistics: Claude Thomas
  94. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Turnbull, Jack", pp.186-190 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: John Charles McNicol Turnbull (241) AFL Statistics: Jack Turnbull
  95. ^ Alan Grant, "Lest We Forget - Part 1" (St Kilda Football Club Official Website, 19 April 2007) Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: John Preston Walker (1825) AFL Statistics: Jack Walker
  96. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Williams, Maldwyn", pp.191-192 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Maldwyn Leslie Williams AFL Statistics: Mal Williams
  97. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Williamson, Alfred", pp.193-196 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Alfred Williamson AFL Statistics: Alf Williamson Blueseum Biography: Alf Williamson
  98. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Worle, Tom", pp.197-200 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Thomas Henry Worle AFL Statistics: Tommy Worle
  99. ^ Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour - Thomas James Wright, AFL Statistics: Tom Wright
  100. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Anderson, Syd", pp.203-206 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Sydney Louis Anderson (410192) AFL Statistics: Syd Anderson
  101. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Atkins, John", pp.207-208 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Ernest John Atkins AFL Statistics: Jack Atkins
  102. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Atkinson, Wilf", pp.209-210 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Wilfred George Atkinson (408668) AFL Statistics: Wilf Atkinson Blueseum Biography: Wilf Atkinson
  103. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Ball, Harold", pp.211-213 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Harold Charles Ball (VX48388) AFL Statistics: Harold Ball
  104. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Barassi (snr), Ron", pp.214-220 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Ronald James Barassi (VX45220) AFL Statistics: Ron Barassi
  105. ^ Alan Grant, "Lest We Forget - Part 2" (St Kilda Football Club Official Website, 19 April 2007) Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Alfred William Paul Bell (VX79445) AFL Statistics: Paul Bell
  106. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Brock, H. George", pp.221-223 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Halcombe George Brock (407779) AFL Statistics: George Brock
  107. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Comte, 'Harold' Henry", pp.224-226 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: William Henry James Comte (VX102248) AFL Statistics: Harry Comte Full Points Footy Biography: Harold Comte
  108. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Corrigan, Tom", pp.227-229 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Thomas Joseph Corrigan (41239) AFL Statistics: Tommy Corrigan
  109. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Cosgrove, William", pp.230-235 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: William Nicholas Pax Cosgrove (400140) AFL Statistics: Bill Cosgrove
  110. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Downie, Bill", pp.236-237 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: William Downie (VX38839) AFL Statistics: Bill Downie Full Points Footy Biography: William Downie
  111. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Drake, Jack", pp.238-241 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: John Montague Drake (VX9796) AFL Statistics: Jack Drake 2/2nd Field Regiment Association, Member's Service Record: Lance Bombardier J. M. Drake (VX9796)
  112. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Ellis, A. Noel", pp.242-243 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Arthur Noel Ellis (V185010) AFL Statistics: Noel Ellis
  113. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Flegg, Bob", pp.244-246 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Robert Barnes Flegg (410155) AFL Statistics: Bob Flegg
  114. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Garvie, Bill", pp.247-248 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: William Henry Garvie (VX90751) AFL Statistics: Bill Garvie
  115. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Giblett, Alf", pp.249-253 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Alfred Rowton Giblett (VX135886) AFL Statistics: Alf Giblett
  116. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Goldin, Godfrey", pp.254-257 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Godfrey Robert Goldin (VX51038) AFL Statistics: Godfrey Goldin
  117. ^ Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Alfred Goonan (VX46909) AFL Statistics: Alf Goonan
  118. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Hedge, Alf", pp.258-261 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Alfred William Hedge (400588) AFL Statistics: Alf Hedge
  119. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Heintz, Fred", pp.262-263 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Frederick John Heintz (VX24926) AFL Statistics: Fred Heintz
  120. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Helmer, Clyde", pp.264-266 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Reginald Clyde Helmer (VX130748) AFL Statistics: Clyde Helmer
  121. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Hudson, Bill", pp.267-269 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Ross William Hudson (SX20394) AFL Statistics: Bill Hudson
  122. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Johnson, Len", pp.270-272 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Leslie Albert Johnson (VX50877) AFL Statistics: Len Johnson Full Points Footy Biography: Len Johnson
  123. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Johnson, Len", pp.273-275 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Jack Keddie (VX105370) AFL Statistics: Jack Keddie
  124. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "King, Stuart", pp.276-281 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Stuart Patrick King (255266) AFL Statistics: Stuart King
  125. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Knight, Jim", pp.282-285 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: James Bell Knight (19067) AFL Statistics: Jim Knight Blueseum Biography: Jim Knight
  126. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Lancaster, Ralph", pp.286-287 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Ralph Charles Lancaster (VX44992) AFL Statistics: Ralph Lancaster
  127. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Le Brun, Norm", pp.288-290 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Norman Stanley Le Brun (VX76818) AFL Statistics: Norm Le Brun Blueseun Biography: Norm Le Brun
  128. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Lynch, Jack", pp.291-293 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: John Thomas Lynch (VX77041) AFL Statistics: Jack Lynch
  129. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "McLeod, Ken", pp.294-295 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Given that he went down with the H.M.S. Glowworm and that the ship sank on 8 April 1940, the date of death on the Royal Navy Honour Roll (6 April 1940) is incorrect. AFL Statistics: Ken McLeod
  130. ^ Alan Grant, "Lest We Forget - Part 2" (St Kilda Football Club Official Website, 19 April 2007) Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Wallace Hickford Mills (VX2998) AFL Statistics: Wallace Mills
  131. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Mollison, Derek", pp.296-298 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Crawford Derek Mollison (VX912) AFL Statistics: Derek Mollison Full Points Footy Biography: Derek Mollison
  132. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Nash, Alex", pp.299-303 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: James Alexander Nash DFM (410368) AFL Statistics: Alex Nash
  133. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Oliver, Norman", pp.304-306 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Norman Leslie Oliver (436020) AFL Statistics: Norm Oliver
  134. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Park, Jim", pp.307-310 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: James William Park (VX51193) AFL Statistics: Jim Park Full Points Footy Biography: Jim Park Blueseum Biography: Jim Park
  135. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Pearsall, Alan", pp.311-314 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Alan Louden Pearsall (408266) AFL Statistics: Allan (sic) Pearsall
  136. ^ Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Albert Otto Peters (408874) AFL Statistics: Bert Peters
  137. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Pirrie, Richard", pp.315-320 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. His full name was Richard Michael Pirrie; he was born on 6 June 1920. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: R Pirrie AFL Statistics: Dick Pirrie
  138. ^ Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: John F Price AFL Statistics: Jack Price
  139. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Regan, Ted", pp.321-322 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: George Frederick Regan (409448) AFL Statistics: Ted Regan
  140. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Reilly, Beresford", pp.323-326 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Beresford Stanley Reilly (401583) AFL Statistics: Beres Reilly
  141. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Roberts, Arch", pp.327-328 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Archibald Frederick Roberts (VX44381) AFL Statistics: Archie Roberts
  142. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Sawley, Gordon", pp.329-331 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Gordon Harold Sawley (407951) AFL Statistics: Gordon Sawley
  143. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Shapir, Morris", pp.332-334 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Morris William Shapir (400357) AFL Statistics: Mo Shapir
  144. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Shelton, J.T. 'Jack'", pp.335-337 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: John Thomas Shelton (VX47976) AFL Statistics: Jack Shelton
  145. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Thomas, Len", pp.338-341 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Although Thomas had attained the rank of Corporal, upon his evacuation from the Middle East in September 1941 he requested that he be allowed to revert to the rank of Private, so that he could serve as a commando. His request was granted. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Leonard Thomas (VX21564) AFL Statistics: Len Thomas Full Points Footy Biography: Len Thomas
  146. ^ "Roll of Honour - Griffith Henry Thomson". Australian War Memorial. 
  147. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Truscott, Keith DFC and Bar", pp.342-348 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Keith William Truscott DFC & BAR (400213) AFL Statistics: Keith Truscott Stephens, "Truscott, Keith William (Bluey) (1916 - 1943)", Australian Dictionary of Biography
  148. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Wade, Jack", pp.349-350 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: John Samuel Wade (VX8242) AFL Statistics: Jack Wade
  149. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Wheeler, Max", pp.351-352 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Geoffrey Maxwell Wheeler (VX45857) AFL Statistics: Max Wheeler
  150. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Wood, 'Barney' Percy", pp.353-355 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Percy Barnes Wood (WX4544) AFL Statistics: Barney Wood
  151. ^ Main, J. & Allen, D., "Young, Leo 'Gus'", pp.356-357 in Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Leo Young (VX48662) AFL Statistics: Gus Young
  152. ^ Salton had played football with Richmond in its first VFA season (1888). His senior VFL umpiring career began in 1915; he umpired in 8 games that season. He enlisted before the 1916 season had begun.
  153. ^ Australian War Memorial Roll of Honour: Alexander Salton (3934); "Rolls of Honour complete", Australian Football League Umpires Association
  154. ^ War Memorial photograph
  155. ^ Funeral Notice: Nugent, The Argus, (Saturday, 22 October 1955), p.11.
  156. ^ Notable AFL Umpires: Henry Nugent
  157. ^ Onlooker, "Sporting Comment: Umpires Were Appreciated Then", The Albany Advertiser, (Monday, 3 June 1935), p.5.
  158. ^ First World War Embarkation Roll: Henry James Nugent
  159. ^ Honours and Awards: Henry James Nugent: Military Cross
  160. ^ World War I Service Record: Henry James Nugent
  161. ^ World War 2 Nominal Roll: Henry James Nugent (V80885).
  162. ^ World War II Service Record: Henry James Nugent (V80885)
  163. ^ Football: Richmond (5.16) Beat Essendon (4.10), The Age, (Monday, 13 May 1918), p.6.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Batchelder, A., Melbourne Cricket Club Roll of Honour (1914–1918), Melbourne Cricket Club, 1998. ]
  • Hogan P: The Tigers Of Old, Richmond FC, (Melbourne), 1996. ISBN 0-646-18748-1
  • Main, J. & Allen, D., Fallen – The Ultimate Heroes: Footballers Who Never Returned From War, Crown Content, (Melbourne), 2002. ISBN 1-74095-010-0
  • Maplestone, M., Flying Higher: History of the Essendon Football Club 1872-1996, Essendon Football Club, (Melbourne), 1996. ISBN 0-9591740-2-8
  • Ross, J. (ed), 100 Years of Australian Football 1897-1996: The Complete Story of the AFL, All the Big Stories, All the Great Pictures, All the Champions, Every AFL Season Reported, Viking, (Ringwood), 1996. ISBN 0-670-86814-0

External links[edit]