List of victories of Manfred von Richthofen

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Manfred von Richthofen

Manfred Albrecht Freiherr von Richthofen (2 May 1892 – 21 April 1918), widely known as the Red Baron, was the ace-of-aces of the First World War, being officially credited with 80 air combat victories, more than any other pilot of the war – before being killed in action near Amiens on 21 April 1918.

As the following list demonstrates, his victories are unusually well documented.[1]

Victory nº Defeated Date Hour Richthofen's unit Richthofen's aircraft Opponent/s unit Opponent/s aircraft Location
1 Lts. Lionel Morris; Tom Rees; both KIA 17 September 1916 1100 Jasta 2 Albatros D.II(491/16) 11 Sqn. F.E.2b (7018) Near Villers Plouich
2 Sgt. Herbert Bellerby KIA 23 September 1916 1100 Jasta 2 Albatros D.II(491/16) 27 Sqn. Martinsyde G.100 (7481) Bapaume
3 Lt. Ernest Conway Lansdale; Sgt. Albert Clarkson; both KIA 30 September 1916 1150 Jasta 2 Albatros D.II(491/16) 11 Sqn. F.E.2b (6973) Near Lagnicourt
4 2/Lt. William Fenwick KIA 7 October 1916 0910 Jasta 2 Albatros D.II(491/16) 21 Sqn. B.E.12 (6618) Near Equancourt
5 2/Lt. John Thompson DCM KIA 16 October 1916 0500 Jasta 2 Albatros D.II(491/16) 19 Sqn. B.E.12 (6580) Near Ypres
6 prob. 2/Lt.W.T.W Wilcox, wounded/POW 25 October 1916 0935 Jasta 2 Albatros D.II(491/16) 21 Sqn. B.E.12 (6654) Near Bapaume- also listed as 2/Lt. Arthur James Fisher (vs Kurt Wolff)
7 Sgt. Cuthbert Baldwin; Lt. George Bentham Andrew; both KIA 3 November 1916 1410 Jasta 2 Albatros D.II(491/16) 18 Sqn. F.E.2b (7010) NE of Grevillers Wood
8 2/Lt. Ian Gilmour Cameron, KIA 9 November 1916 1030 Jasta 2 Albatros D.II(491/16) 12 Sqn. B.E.2c (2506) Beugny
9? possibly Lt. Thomas Henry Clarke; 2/Lt. James Lees; both POW 20 November 1916 0940 Jasta 2 Albatros D.II(491/16) 15 Sqn. B.E.2c (2767) S of Grandcourt[disambiguation needed] (prob. versus Lt Kirmaier)
10 2/Lts. Gilbert Sudbury Hall; George Doughty; both KIA 20 November 1916 1615 Jasta 2 Albatros D.II(491/16) 18 Sqn. F.E.2b (4848) Grandcourt
11 Maj.Lanoe Hawker VC, DSO KIA 23 November 1916 1500 Jasta 2 Albatros D.II(491/16) 24 Sqn. D.H.2 (5964) S of Bapaume
12 Lt. Benedict Philip Hunt, POW 11 December 1916 1155 Jasta 2 Albatros D.II(491/16) 32 Sqn. D.H.2 (5986) Near Arras
13 Capt.Arthur Gerald Knight, DSO, KIA 20 December 1916 1130 Jasta 2 Albatros D.II(491/16) 29 Sqn. D.H.2 (7927) Menchy
14 Lt. Lionel George D'Arcy; Sub/Lt. Reginald Whiteside, RNVR; both KIA 20 December 1916 1345 Jasta 2 Albatros D.II(491/16) 18 Sqn. F.E.2b (A5446) Moreuil
15? possibly Capt. JB Quested (WIA), Lt. HJH Dicksee (unhurt)
{Also proposed as Sgt. James McCudden of No.29 Squadron}
27 December 1916 1625 Jasta 2 Albatros D.II(491/16) 11 Sqn. F.E.2b (6937) Quested/Dicksee were downed at 11.20 hours, 12 km east of Ficheux (probably versus Jasta 1)- inside Allied lines. Richthofen claimed his kill at 16.25 hours [2] McCudden, who returned to base, fits the time period.
16 Flt/Lt. Allan Switzer Todd (Can), KIA 4 January 1917 1615 Jasta 2 Albatros D.II(491/16) 8 RNAS Sopwith Pup (N5193) Near Metz en Coûture
17 2/Lt. John Hay (Aust), KIA 23 January 1917 1610 Jasta 11 Albatros D.II(491/16) 40 Sqn. F.E.8 (6388) S of Lens
18 Lt. John MacLennan; Capt. Oscar Greig; both W/POW 24 January 1917 1215 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(789/17) 25 Sqn. F.E.2b (6997) O of Vimy
19 Lts. Percival Murray, Duncan John McRae (Can), both KIA 1 February 1917 1600 Jasta 11 Halberstadt D.II 16 Sqn. B.E.2d (6742) 1 km SO of Thelus
20 Lt. Cyril Bennett, POW; 2/Lt. Herbert Arthur Croft, KIA 14 February 1917 1200 Jasta 11 Halberstadt D.II 2 Sqn. B.E.2d (6231) O of Loos[disambiguation needed]
21 probably Capt. George Cyril Bailey DSO, WIA; 2/Lt. George William Betts Hampton, unhurt 14 February 1917 1645 Jasta 11 Halberstadt D.II 2 Sqn. B.E.2c (2543) SW of Mazingarbe; aircraft actually returned to base safely.
22 Lt. James Benjamin Evelyn Crosbee, unhurt; Sgt. John Edward Prance DCM, WIA 4 March 1917 1250 Jasta 11 Halberstadt D.II 2 Sqn. B.E.2d (5785) 1 km N of Loos; aircraft actually returned to base safely.
23 2/Lt. Herbert John Green; 2/Lt. Alexander William Reid MC; both KIA 4 March 1917 1620 Jasta 11 Halberstadt D.II 43 Sqn. Sopwith 1½ Strutter (A1108) Acheville
24 2/Lt. Gerald Maurice Gosset-Bibby; Lt. Geoffrey Joseph Ogilvy Brichta (Can); both KIA 6 March 1917 1700 Jasta 11 Halberstadt D.II 16 Sqn. B.E.2e (A2785) Souchez
25 Lt. Arthur John Pearson MC, KIA 9 March 1917 1155 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III 29 Sqn. D.H.2 (A2571) Between Roclincourt and Bailleul
26 2/Lt. James Smyth; 2/Lt. Edward Byrne; both KIA 11 March 1917 1200 Jasta 11 Halberstadt D.II 2 Sqn. B.E.2d (6232) S of La Folie Wood
27 Lt. Arthur Elsdale Boultbee; 2AM. Frederick King; both KIA 17 March 1917 1130 Jasta 11 Halberstadt D.II 25 Sqn. F.E.2b (A5439) Oppy
28 2/Lt. George MacDonald Watt; Sgt. Ernest Adam Howlett; both KIA 17 March 1917 1700 Jasta 11 Halberstadt D.II 16 Sqn. B.E.2g (2814) O of Vimy
29 F/Sgt. Sidney Herbert Quicke; 2/Lt. William John Lidsey; both KIA 21 March 1917 1730 Jasta 11 Halberstadt D.II 16 Sqn. B.E.2e (A3154) Hill 123, N of Neuville[disambiguation needed]
30 Lt. Richard Plunkett Baker (Can), WIA/POW 24 March 1917 1155 Jasta 11 Halberstadt D.II 19 Sqn. SPAD VII (A6706) Givenchy
31 Lt. Christopher Guy Gilbert, POW 25 March 1917 0820 Jasta 11 Halberstadt D.II 29 Sqn. Nieuport 17 (A6689) Tilloy[disambiguation needed]
32 Lt. Patrick John Gordon Powell; 1AM. Percy Bonner; both KIA 2 April 1917 0835 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 13 Sqn. B.E.2d (5841) Farbus
33 2/Lt. Algernon Peter Warren POW; Sgt. Reuel Dunn; KIA 2 April 1917 1115 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 43 sqn. Sopwith 1½ Strutter (A2401) Givenchy
34 2/Lt. Donald Peter McDonald, POW; 2/Lt. John Ingram Mullaniffe O'Beirne, KIA 3 April 1917 1615 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 25 Sqn. F.E.2d (A6382) Between Lens and Lieven
35 2/Lt. Arthur Norman Lechler, W/POW; 2/Lt. Herbert Duncan King George, KIA 5 April 1917 1115 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 48 Sqn. Bristol F.2a (A3340) Lewarde, S of Douai
36 Lts. Alfred Terence Adams; Donald James Stewart; both POW. 5 April 1917 1130 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 48 Sqn. Bristol F.2a (A3343) Cuincy
37 2/Lt. George Orme Smart, KIA 7 April 1917 1745 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 60 Sqn. Nieuport 17 (A6645) Mercatel
38 Lts. John Heagerty, POW; Leonard Heath-Cantle, KIA; 8 April 1917 1140 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 43 Sqn. Sopwith 1½ Strutter (A2406) Near Farbus
39 2/Lt. Keith Ingleby MacKenzie; 2/Lt. Guy Everingham; both KIA 8 April 1917 1640 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 16 Sqn. B.E.2g (A2815) Vimy
40 Lt. Edward Claude England Derwin, WIA; Gunner H. Pierson, WIA 11 April 1917 0925 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 13 Sqn. B.E.2d (2501) Willerval-fell inside Allied Lines.
41 Capt. James Maitland Stuart; Lt. Maurice Herbert Wood; both KIA 13 April 1917 0858 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 59 sqn. R.E.8 (A3190) Between Vitry and Brebières
42 Sgt. James Allen Cunniffe; 2AM. W.J. Batten; both WIA 13 April 1917 1245 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 11 Sqn. F.E.2b (A831) Between Monchy and Feuchy-crashed Allied side of Lines.
43 2/Lt. Allan Harold Bates; Sgt. William Alfred Barnes; both KIA 13 April 1917 1935 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 25 Sqn. F.E.2b (4997) Noyelles-Godault, near Henin Liétard
44 Lt. William Oswald Russell, POW 14 April 1917 0915 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 60 Sqn. Nieuport 17 (A6796) 1 km S of Bois Bernard
45 2/Lt. Alphonso Pascoe, WIA; 2/Lt. Frederick Seymour Andrews, KIA 16 April 1917 1730 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 13 Sqn. B.E.2e (3156) Between Bailleul and Gavrelle-Allied side of Lines.
46 possibly Lt. Waldemar Franklin; Lt. William Frederick Fletcher; both WIA 22 April 1917 1710 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 11 Sqn. F.E.2b (7020) Near Lagnicourt- one of four FE2b's downed by Jasta 11.
47 2/Lt. Eric Welch; Sgt. Amos George Tollervey; both KIA 23 April 1917 1205 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 16 Sqn. B.E.2f (A3168) Mericourt[disambiguation needed]
48 Lt. Reginald William Follit, KIA; 2/Lt. Frederick James Kirkham, POW 28 April 1917 0930 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 13 Sqn. B.E.2e (7221) E of Pelves, SE edge of Square 6998
49 Lt. Richard Applin, KIA 29 April 1917 1205 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 19 Sqn. SPAD VII (B1573) Near Lecluse
50 Sgt. George Stead; Cprl. Alfred Beebee; both KIA 29 April 1917 1655 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 18 sqn. F.E.2b (4898) SW of Inchy, Hill 90, near Pariville
51 Lt. David Evan Davies; Lt. George Henry Rathbone (Can); both KIA 29 April 1917 1925 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 12 Sqn. B.E.2e (2738) Near Roeux
52 Flt.Sub/Lt Albert Edward Cuzner, KIA 29 April 1917 1940 Jasta 11 Albatros D.III(2253/17) 8 RNAS Sopwith Triplane (N5463) Between Billy-Montigny and Sallaumines
53 Lt. Ralph Walter Elly Ellis; Lt. Harold Carver Barlow; both KIA 18 June 1917 1315 JG I Albatros D.V(789/17) 9 Sqn. R.E.8 (A4290) Hof Struywe, Square V.42
54? possibly Lt. Robert Wallace Farquhar unhurt 23 June 1917 2130 JG I Albatros D.V(1177/17) 23 Sqn. SPAD VII (B1530) N of Ypres- landed back at base at La Lovie, slightly damaged.
55 Capt. Norman George McNaughton MC; Lt. Angus Hughes Mearns ; both KIA 24 June 1917 0910 JG I Albatros D.V(1177/17) 57 Sqn. D.H.4 (A7473) Between Keibergmelen and Lichtensteinlager
56 Lt. Leslie Spencer Bowman; 2/Lt. James Edward Power-Clutterbuck; both KIA 25 June 1917 1840 JG I Albatros D.V(1177/17) 53 Sqn. R.E.8 (A3847) Near Le Bizet
57 Sgt. Hubert Arthur Whatley; 2/Lt. Frank Guy Buckingham Pascoe; both KIA 2 July 1917 1020 JG I Albatros D.V(1177/17) 53 Sqn. R.E.8 (A3538) Deulemont
58 2/Lt. William Harold Trant Williams, POW/Died of Wounds 16 August 1917 0755 JG I Albatros D.V(2059/17) 29 Sqn. Nieuport 23 (A6611) Near Polygon Wood
59 2/Lt. Coningsby Phillip Williams, KIA 26 August 1917 0730 JG I Albatros D.V(2059/17) 19 Sqn. SPAD VII (B3492) Between Poelcapelle and Langemarck
60 Lt. John Bristo Culley Madge, W/POW; 2/Lt. Walter Kember, KIA 1 September 1917 0750 JG I Fokker F.I(102/17) 6 Sqn. R.E.8 (B782) Near Zonnebeke
61 Lt. Algernon Frederick Bird, POW 3 September 1917 0735 JG I Fokker F.I (102/17) 46 Sqn. Sopwith Pup (B1795) S of Bousbecque
62 Lt. James Alexander Vazeill Boddy, WIA 23 November 1917 1400 JG I Albatros D.V (4693/17) 64 Sqn. D.H.5 (A9299) SE edge of Bourlon Wood-rescued from no-mans land
63 Lt. Donald Argyle Douglas Ian MacGregor, KIA 30 November 1917 1430 JG I Albatros D.V(4963/17) 41 Sqn. S.E.5a (B644) Near Moevres. Noted elsewhere (Gibbons) as 56 Sqn's Capt. P.T. Townsend. However, Townsend was downed 15.45 some 34 km urther north west.[3]
64 2/Lts. Leonard Frederick CyrilClutterbuck; Henry James Sparks MC; both POW 12 March 1918 1110–1115 JG I Fokker Dr.I(152/17) 62 Sqn. Bristol F.2b (B1251) N of Nauroy, Square 2858
65 Lt. Elmer Ernest Heath (Can.), W/POW 13 March 1918 1035 JG I Fokker DR.I (152/17) 73 Sqn. Sopwith Camel (B2523) Between Gonnelieu and Banteux, Square 1853
66 2/Lt. William George Ivamy(Can), POW 18 March 1918 1115 JG I Fokker DR.I (477/17) 54 Sqn. Sopwith Camel (B5243) road Molain-Vaux-Andigny
67 Lt. John Percy McCone (Can), KIA; OR Lt. Donald Cecil Tucker, W/POW 24 March 1918 1445 JG I Fokker DR.I(477/17) both 41 Sqn. S.E.5a (C1054 or C6399) Combles; Gibbons listed Lt. W Porter of 56 Sqn, although he was killed an hour earlier versus Jasta 34b. As Richthofen's combat report states the enemy aircraft disintegrated, McCone would be the more likely victim.[4]
68 2/Lt. Donald Cameron, KIA 25 March 1918 1555 JG I Fokker DR.I(477/17) 3 Sqn. Sopwith Camel (C1562) road Bapaume-Albert
69 Possibly Lt. Allan McNab Denovan (Can), KIA 26 March 1918 1645 JG I Fokker DR.I(477/17) 1 Sqn. S.E.5a (B511) S of Contalmaison. Several other victims have been postulated over the years, but Donovan is the best fit for time and location. These others include Lt W Knox (54 Sqn), who was actually killed two days earlier, Lt ATW Lindsay (54 Sqn), who was lost two hours earlier, and one of two 19 Sqn. Sopwith Dolphins lost that day.[5]
70 2/Lt. Vernon Jack Reading; 2/Lt. Matthew Leggat; both KIA 26 March 1918 1700 JG I Fokker DR.I(477/17) 15 Sqn. R.E.8 (B742) 2 km NE of Albert, Somme
71 Capt.Thomas Sydney Sharpe DFC, W/POW 27 March 1918 0900 JG I Fokker DR.I (127/17) 73 Sqn. Sopwith Camel (C6733) Ancre, 1 km N of Aveluy, N of Albert
72 Lt. Edward Treloar Smart; 2/Lt. Kenneth Purnell Barford 27 March 1918 1630 JG I Fokker DR.I(477/17) 2 Sqn. A/W F.K.8 (B288) 2 km O of Foucaucourt- also possibly a DH-4 of 5 RNAS.
73 2/Lt. George Halliwell Harding (US), KIA 27 March 1918 1635 JG I Fokker DR.I (477/17) 79 Sqn. Sopwith Dolphin (C4016) 1 km N of Chuignolles, S of Bray-sur-Somme
74 2/Lts. Joseph Bertram Taylor; Eric Betley; both KIA 28 March 1918 1220 JG I Fokker DR.I (127/17) 82 Sqn. A/W F.K.8 (C8444) Near Mericourt
75 2/Lt. Ernest David Jones; 2/Lt. Robert Francis Newton; both KIA 2 April 1918 1230 JG I Fokker DR.I (477/17) 52 Sqn. R.E.8 (A3868) Hill 104, NE of Moreuil
76 Capt.Sydney Philip Smith, MIA 6 April 1918 1545 JG I Fokker DR.I(127/17) 46 Sqn. Sopwith Camel (D6491) NE of Villers-Bretonneux, near the E edge of Bois de Hamel
77 2/Lt. Albert Vernon Gallie, KIA 7 April 1918 1130 JG I Fokker DR.I (477/17) 73 Sqn. Sopwith Camel (D6550) Near Hangard
78? possibly Lt. Ronald George Hinings Adams, W/POW 7 April 1918 1205 JG I Fokker DR.I(477/17) 73 Sqn. Sopwith Camel (D6554) 500m E of Hill 104, N of Villers-Bretonneux- possibly another 73 Sqn camel (3 lost)
79 Major Richard Raymond-Barker MC, KIA 20 April 1918 1840 JG I Fokker DR.I(425/17) 3 Sqn. Sopwith Camel (D6439) SO of Bois de Hamel
80 2/Lt. David Greswolde Lewis (Rhod.), POW 20 April 1918 1843 JG I Fokker DR.I (425/17) 3 Sqn. Sopwith Camel (B7393) NE of Villers-Bretonneux

[6][7]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Franks, Bailey & Guest, Above The Trenches, Grub Street, (1993) pages 242–255
  2. ^ Franks, Giblin, McCrery; Under the Guns Of the Red Baron; Grub Street, (2007), page 46
  3. ^ Franks, Giblin, McCrery; Under the Guns Of the Red Baron; Grub Street, (2007), page 163.
  4. ^ Franks, Giblin, McCrery; Under the Guns Of the Red Baron; Grub Street, (2007), page 174.
  5. ^ Franks, Giblin, McCrery; Under the Guns Of the Red Baron; Grub Street, (2007), page 178
  6. ^ Franks, Giblin, McCrey, Under The Guns of The Red Baron, (2000), Caxton Editions
  7. ^ "Manfred von Richthofen". The Aerodrome. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]