List of Viking metal bands

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Enslaved performing live in Oslo in October 2012

This is a list of Viking metal bands. Viking metal is a subgenre of heavy metal music with origins in black metal and Nordic folk music, characterized by a common lyrical and thematic focus on Norse mythology, Norse paganism, and the Viking Age. Its musical style is typically manifested as Nordic folk-influenced black metal. Some common traits include a slow paced and heavy riffing style, anthemic choruses, use of both clean and harsh vocals, a frequent reliance on folk instrumentation, and, often, the use of keyboards for atmospheric effect. Viking metal developed in the 1980s through the mid-1990s as a rejection of Satanism and the occult, instead embracing the Vikings and paganism as the leaders of opposition to Christianity. It is similar, in lyrics, sound, and thematic imagery, to pagan metal, but pagan metal has a broader mythological focus and utilizes folk instrumentation more extensively. Most Viking metal bands originate from the Nordic countries, and nearly all bands claim that their members descend, directly or indirectly, from Vikings. Though artists such as Led Zeppelin, Yngwie Malmsteen, Heavy Load, and Manowar had previously dealt with Viking themes, Bathory, from Sweden, is generally credited with pioneering the genre with its albums Blood Fire Death (1988) and Hammerheart (1990). Enslaved, Burzum, Emperor, Storm and Falkenbach helped further develop the genre in the early through mid-1990s. The death metal bands Unleashed and Amon Amarth, which emerged during the early 1990s, also adopted Viking themes, broadening them beyond the genre's then primarily black metal origin.

Ted Lundström of Amon Amarth
Sven-Erik Lind of Drottnar
Torbjørn Sandvik of Glittertind, 2009
Slechtvalk at Occultfest
Warlord Nygård of Turisas
Heri Joensen of Týr
Band Formed Origin Notes
Amon Amarth 1992 Sweden [1][2][3]
Ancient Rites 1988 Belgium [4]
Ásmegin 1998 Norway [5]
Bathory 1983 Sweden [6]
Borknagar 1995 Norway [7][8]
Burzum 1988 Norway [9]
Darkwoods My Betrothed 1992 Finland [10]
Destroy Destroy Destroy 2003 United States [11]
Drottnar 1996 Norway [12][13]
Einherjer 1993 Norway [14][15]
Elexorien 2004 Netherlands [16]
Emperor 1991 Norway [17]
Ensiferum 1995 Finland [18]
Enslaved 1991 Norway [19][20][21]
Equilibrium 2001 Germany [22][23]
Falkenbach 1989 Germany [24][25]
Folkearth 2003 International [26]
Forefather 1997 England [27]
Glittertind 2001 Norway [28]
Grand Magus 1996 Sweden [29]
Hel 1999 Sweden [30]
Heidevolk 2002 Netherlands [31]
Helheim 1992 Norway [32][33]
Helrunar 2001 Germany [34]
Holy Blood 1999 Ukraine [35]
Kampfar 1994 Norway [36]
Leaves' Eyes 2003 Germany/Norway [37]
Lumsk 1999 Norway [38]
Månegarm 1995 Sweden [39][40][41]
Mithotyn 1993 Sweden [42]
Moonsorrow 1995 Finland [43][44]
Obscurity 1997 Germany [45]
Skálmöld 2009 Iceland [46]
Skeletonwitch 2003 United States [47]
Storm 1994 Norway [48]
Slechtvalk 1999 Netherlands [35][49]
Svartsot 2005 Denmark [50][51]
The Sword 2003 United States [52]
Thyrfing 1995 Sweden [53][54][55][56]
Trollech 1999 Czech Republic [57]
Turisas 1997 Finland [58][59]
Týr 1998 Faroe Islands [60][61]
Unleashed 1989 Sweden [1][62]
Windir 1994 Norway [63]
Wolfchant 2003 Germany [64]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Kahn-Harris, Keith (2007). Extreme Metal: Music and Culture on the Edge. Oxford: Berg Publishers. ISBN 1-84520-399-2. 

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kahn-Harris 2007, pp. 106
  2. ^ "AMON AMARTH: London Footage Posted Online". Blabbermouth.net. 2009-03-11. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  3. ^ Bowar, Chad. "Amon Amarth interview". About.com. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  4. ^ Sharpe-Young, Garry. "Ancient Rites". MusicMight. Retrieved 2009-04-22. 
  5. ^ "ÁSMEGIN to Release 'Arv' in November". Blabbermouth.net. 2008-10-06. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  6. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Blood Fire Death review". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  7. ^ Sharpe-Young, Garry. "Borknagar". MusicMight. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  8. ^ Bowar, Chad. "Borknagar". About.com. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  9. ^ Huey, Steve. "Burzum". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 8 January 2012. 
  10. ^ Harris, Craig. "Darkwoods My Betrothed". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 8 January 2012. 
  11. ^ Kurosu, Jason (January 9, 2009). "Tennessee metalheads Destroy to the third power". Highlander Newspaper. College Publisher. Retrieved May 15, 2009. 
  12. ^ Cranson, David (February 1, 2001). "Drottnar - Spiritual Battles". Cross Rhythms Magazine No. 61. Cross Rhythms Radio. Retrieved December 2, 2010. 
  13. ^ Sharpe-Young, Garry. "Drottnar". MusicMight. Retrieved 2010-12-07. 
  14. ^ Sharpe-Young, Garry. "Einherjer". MusicMight. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  15. ^ "EINHERJER Confirmed for Germany's WACKEN OPEN AIR Festival". Blabbermouth.net. 2008-09-29. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  16. ^ Sharpe-Young, Garry. "Elexorien". MusicMight. Retrieved 2009-04-22. 
  17. ^ Huey, Steve. "Emperor". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 3 March 2012. 
  18. ^ Bowar, Chad. "Victory Songs review". About.com. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  19. ^ Sharpe-Young, Garry. "Enslaved". MusicMight. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  20. ^ Sanneh, Kelefa (2007-11-08). "On the Road to Spread the Word of Good, Old-Fashioned Evil". New York Times. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  21. ^ "ENSLAVED Guitarist Discusses New Album". Blabbermouth.net. 2008-09-06. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  22. ^ Bowar, Chad. "Equilibrium". About.com. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  23. ^ "EQUILIBRIUM Confirmed for Germany's UP FROM THE GROUND Festival". Blabbermouth.net. 2007-01-01. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  24. ^ Bowar, Chad. "Heralding: The Fireblade review". About.com. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  25. ^ "FALKENBACH to Release New Album in November". Blabbermouth.net. 2005-10-02. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  26. ^ "FOLKEARTH Preparing to Release 'Father of Victory'". Blabbermouth.net. 2008-02-03. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  27. ^ Sharpe-Young, Garry. "Forefather". MusicMight. Retrieved 2009-04-22. 
  28. ^ Sharpe-Young, Garry. "Glittertind". MusicMight. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  29. ^ Prato, Greg. "Iron Will". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 5 March 2012. 
  30. ^ "Hel". MusicMight. Retrieved 4 March 2012. 
  31. ^ Zed, Natalie. "Heidevolk - Batavi Review". About.com. The New York Times Company. Retrieved 5 March 2012. 
  32. ^ Sharpe-Young, Garry. "Helheim". MusicMight. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  33. ^ "Viking Metal Band HELHEIM to Perform at Norwegian Kindergarten". Blabbermouth.net. 2008-04-18. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  34. ^ Born, R. "Helrunar". MusicMight. Retrieved 4 March 2012. 
  35. ^ a b Beck, Chris. "The Patriot review". HM. Archived from the original on 2012-03-18. Retrieved 2009-11-04.  "Compared to their first two albums, The Patriot is slightly heavier and has a stronger Viking metal influence a la Slechtvalk."
  36. ^ Bowar, Chad. "Kvass review". About.com. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  37. ^ Freeman, Phil. "Njord". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 5 March 2012. 
  38. ^ Born, R. "Lumsk". MusicMight. Retrieved 4 March 2012. 
  39. ^ Sharpe-Young, Garry. "Månegarm". MusicMight. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  40. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Manegarm". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  41. ^ "MÅNEGARM Signs with REGAIN RECORDS". Blabbermouth.net. 2009-01-16. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  42. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Falconer". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  43. ^ Bowar, Chad. "Moonsorrow - Viides Luku: Hävitetty review". About.com. Retrieved June 2010. 
  44. ^ "Moonsorrow". About.com. Retrieved June 2010. 
  45. ^ Observer (24 December 2010). "Obscurity - Tenkterra". Sputnikmusic. Retrieved 5 March 2012. 
  46. ^ Zed, Natalie. "Skalmold - Baldur Review". About.com. Retrieved 2012-01-10. 
  47. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Skeletonwitch". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 5 March 2012. 
  48. ^ Sharpe-Young, Garry. "Storm". MusicMight. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  49. ^ Van Pelt, Doug (August 2010). "Top 100 Christian metal albums of all time" (pdf). HM Magazine: 25. ISSN -. 
  50. ^ "SVARTSOT Seeks New Musicians". Blabbermouth.net. 2008-12-24. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  51. ^ Sharpe-Young, Garry. "Svartsot". MusicMight. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  52. ^ Kiser, Matt (January–February 2008). "The Sword is Mightier than the Pen". CMJ New Music Monthly (CMJ Network) (153): 23. ISSN 1074-6978. Retrieved December 13, 2014. 
  53. ^ Sharpe-Young, Garry. "Thyrfing". MusicMight. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  54. ^ Serba, John. "Vansinnesvisor review". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  55. ^ Bowar, Chad. "Hels Vite review". About.com. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  56. ^ "THYRFING: New Album Release Date Announced". Blabbermouth.net. 2008-06-10. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  57. ^ Born, R. "Trollech". MusicMight. Retrieved 4 March 2012. 
  58. ^ Bowar, Chad. "The Varangian Way review". About.com. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  59. ^ "TURISAS Announces London Headlining Show". Blabbermouth.net. 2007-01-19. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  60. ^ Monger, James Christopher. "Týr". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  61. ^ Bowar, Chad. "Eric the Red review". About.com. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  62. ^ Bowar, Chad. "Hammer Battalion review". About.com. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  63. ^ Sharpe-Young, Garry. "Windir". MusicMight. Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  64. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "A Pagan Storm". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 5 March 2012.