List of Virginia railroads

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The following railroads operate(d) in the U.S. state of Virginia.

Common freight carriers[edit]

Passenger carriers[edit]

Private carriers[edit]

Defunct railroads[edit]

Note: railroads that existed only in present-day West Virginia before 1863 are not listed.

Name Mark System[nb 1] From To Successor Notes
Abingdon Coal and Iron Railroad N&W 1887 1894 Virginia Western Coal and Iron Railway
Alberene Railroad C&O 1895 1902 Chesapeake and Ohio Railway
Alexandria and Fredericksburg Railway RF&P 1864 1890 Washington Southern Railway
Alexandria, Loudoun and Hampshire Railroad SOU 1853 1870 Washington and Ohio Railroad
Alexandria and Harper's Ferry Railroad SOU 1847 1853 Alexandria, Loudoun and Hampshire Railroad
Alexandria and Washington Railroad RF&P 1854 1887 Alexandria and Washington Railway
Alexandria and Washington Railway RF&P 1887 1890 Washington Southern Railway
Appomattox Railroad N&W 1847 1854 Southside Railroad
Atlantic Coast Line Railroad ACL ACL 1898 1967 Seaboard Coast Line Railroad
Atlantic and Danville Railway AD N&W 1882 1962 Norfolk, Franklin and Danville Railway
Atlantic, Mississippi and Ohio Railroad N&W 1870 1881 Norfolk and Western Railroad
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad B&O, BO B&O 1867 1987 Chesapeake and Ohio Railway
Baltimore and Potomac Railroad PRR 1890 1891 Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Railroad
Beaver Dam Railroad 1910
Big Sandy Railway C&O 1902 1906 Chesapeake and Ohio Railway of Kentucky
Big Sandy and Cumberland Railroad BS&C N&W 1900 1932 Norfolk and Western Railway
Big Stone Gap and Powell's Valley Railroad 1912
Big Stone Gap and Powell's Valley Railway 1892 1912 Big Stone Gap and Powell's Valley Railroad
Big Stony Railway N&W 1892 1915 Norfolk and Western Railway
Black Mountain Railway SOU 1903 1908 Virginia and Southwestern Railway
Blackstone and Lunenburg Railroad N&W 1905 1910 Norfolk and Western Railway
Blackstone and Southern Railroad N&W 1900 1905 Blackstone and Lunenburg Railroad
Blue Ridge Railroad C&O 1849 1870 Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad
Brighthope Railway 1877 1889 Farmville and Powhatan Railroad
Bristol Coal and Iron Narrow-Gauge Railroad SOU 1876 1882 South Atlantic and Ohio Railroad
Buchanan and Clifton Forge Railway C&O 1876 1880 Richmond and Alleghany Railroad
Buckingham Railroad C&O 1879 1897 Chesapeake and Ohio Railway
Cape Charles Railroad PRR 1906 1918 New York, Philadelphia and Norfolk Railroad
Carolina, Clinchfield and Ohio Railway CC&O ACL/ L&N 1908 1990 CSX Transportation
Carolina and Northwestern Railway CRN SOU 1982 1988 Southern Railway
Carolina and Northwestern Railway CR&N SOU 1951 1974 Norfolk Southern Railway
Catawba Valley Railway and Mining Company N&W 1902 1909 Norfolk and Western Railway
Charleston, Cincinnati and Chicago Railroad ACL/ L&N 1887 1893 Ohio River and Charleston Railroad
Charlottesville and Rapidan Railroad SOU 1876 1914 Southern Railway
Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad C&O 1868 1878 Chesapeake and Ohio Railway
Chesapeake and Ohio Railway C&O, CO C&O 1878 1987 CSX Transportation
Chesapeake and Ohio Railway of Kentucky C&O 1906 1907 Chesapeake and Ohio Railway
Chesapeake, Shendun and Western Railroad N&W 1892 1895 Chesapeake and Western Railroad
Chesapeake and Western Railroad N&W 1895 1943 Chesapeake Western Railway
Chesterfield Railroad 1828 1851 N/A
Chowan and Southern Railroad ACL 1887 1889 Norfolk and Carolina Railroad
City Point Railroad N&W 1836 1847 Appomattox Railroad
Clarksville and North Carolina Railroad SOU 1887 1894 Southern Railway
Clinch Valley Railroad N&W 1887 1887 Norfolk and Western Railroad
Clinchfield Railroad CRR ACL/ L&N 1924 1983 Seaboard System Railroad
Clinchfield Northern Railway ACL/ L&N 1911 1912 Carolina, Clinchfield and Ohio Railway
Clover Hill Railroad 1841 1877 Brighthope Railway
Consolidated Rail Corporation CR 1976 1999 Norfolk Southern Railway
Covington and Ohio Railroad C&O 1853 1868 Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad
Cumberland Valley Railroad PRR 1890 1919 N/A Leased the Cumberland Valley and Martinsburg Railroad
Cumberland Valley and Martinsburg Railroad PRR 1889 1958 Penndel Company
Danville, Mocksville and Southwestern Railroad SOU 1880 1899 Danville and Western Railway
Danville and New River Railroad SOU 1873 1890 Danville and Western Railway
Danville and Seaboard Railroad NS 1887 1891 Norfolk, Albemarle and Atlantic Railroad
Danville and Western Railway D&W SOU 1891
Delaware, Maryland and Virginia Railroad PRR 1883 1956 Philadelphia, Baltimore and Washington Railroad
Dismal Swamp Railroad 1896 1941 N/A
East River Railroad N&W 1881 1882 Norfolk and Western Railroad
Eastern Shore Railroad ESHR 1981 2006 Bay Coast Railroad
Eastern Shore Railroad PRR 1867 1878 Peninsula Railroad
Elizabeth City and Norfolk Railroad NS 1875 1883 Norfolk Southern Railroad
Elizabeth River Railroad 1901 1910 Norfolk and Portsmouth Belt Line Railroad
Elkhorn Southern Railway ACL/ L&N 1906 1911 Carolina, Clinchfield and Ohio Railway, Clinchfield Northern Railway
Farmville and Powhatan Railroad 1884 1905 Tidewater and Western Railroad
Franklin and Carolina Railroad 1945 1958 Atlantic Coast Line Railroad
Franklin and Pittsylvania Railroad 1878 1932 N/A
Fredericksburg and Gordonsville Railroad 1853 1876 Potomac, Fredericksburg and Piedmont Railroad
Fredericksburg, Orange and Charlottesville Railroad 1872 1873 Fredericksburg and Gordonsville Railroad
Gladeville Railroad 1892 1902 Virginia and Kentucky Railway
Greensville and Roanoke Railroad ACL 1834 1855 Petersburg Railroad
Haysi Railroad L&N/ SCL 1969 1983 Seaboard System Railroad
Henrico Railroad 1882
Laurel Railway 1906
Lick Creek and Lake Erie Railroad ACL/ L&N 1902 1908 Carolina, Clinchfield and Ohio Railway
Louisa Railroad C&O 1836 1850 Virginia Central Railroad
Louisville and Nashville Railroad L&N, LN L&N 1887 1983 Seaboard System Railroad
Lynchburg Belt Line and Connecting Railway N&W 1907 1910 Norfolk and Western Railway
Lynchburg and Danville Railroad SOU 1866 1872 Virginia and North Carolina Railroad
Lynchburg and Durham Railroad N&W 1887 1896 Norfolk, Lynchburg and Durham Railroad
Lynchburg, Halifax and North Carolina Railroad N&W 1884 1887 Lynchburg and Durham Railroad
Lynchburg and Tennessee Railroad N&W 1848 1849 Virginia and Tennessee Railroad
Manassas Gap Railroad SOU 1850 1867 Orange, Alexandria and Manassas Railroad
Marion and Rye Valley Railroad 1891 1900 Marion and Rye Valley Railway
Marion and Rye Valley Railway 1900 1931 N/A
Martinsburg and Potomac Railroad PRR 1870 1890 Cumberland Valley and Martinsburg Railroad
Meherrin Valley Railroad 1878
Milton and Sutherlin Railroad 1876 1894 N/A
Mount Airy and Eastern Railway 1899 1910 Virginia and Mount Airy Railway
Nansemond Land, Lumber and Narrow Gauge Railway Company NS 1873 1884 Suffolk and Carolina Railway
Nelson and Albemarle Railway 1903 1963 N/A
New River Railroad N&W 1877 1882 Norfolk and Western Railroad
New River Railroad, Mining and Manufacturing Company N&W 1873 1877 New River Railroad
New River, Holston and Western Railroad NH&W N&W 1900 1919 Norfolk and Western Railway
New River Plateau Railway N&W 1888 1889 Norfolk and Western Railroad
New York and Norfolk Railroad PRR 1872 1878 Peninsula Railroad
New York, Philadelphia and Norfolk Railroad PRR 1882 1958 Penndel Company
Norfolk, Albemarle and Atlantic Railroad NS 1891 1896 Norfolk, Virginia Beach and Southern Railroad
Norfolk and Carolina Railroad ACL 1889 1900 Atlantic Coast Line Railroad
Norfolk, Franklin and Danville Railway NFD N&W 1962 1983 Norfolk and Western Railway
Norfolk, Lynchburg and Durham Railroad N&W 1896 1896 Norfolk and Western Railroad
Norfolk and Petersburg Railroad N&W 1851 1871 Atlantic, Mississippi and Ohio Railroad
Norfolk, Roanoke and Southern Railroad N&W 1896 1896 Norfolk and Western Railroad
Norfolk and Sewalls Point Railroad NS 1872 1882 Norfolk and Virginia Beach Railroad and Improvement Company
Norfolk Southern Railroad NS NS 1910 1942 Norfolk Southern Railway
Norfolk Southern Railroad NS 1883 1891 Norfolk and Southern Railroad
Norfolk Southern Railway NS NS 1942 1982 Carolina and Northwestern Railway
Norfolk and Southern Railroad NS 1891 1906 Norfolk and Southern Railway
Norfolk and Southern Railway NS 1906 1910 Norfolk Southern Railroad
Norfolk Terminal Company N&W 1882 1889 Norfolk and Western Railroad
Norfolk Terminal Railway NS/ N&W 1910
Norfolk Terminal and Transportation Company C&O 1896 1945 Chesapeake and Ohio Railway
Norfolk and Virginia Beach Railroad NS 1887 1891 Norfolk, Albemarle and Atlantic Railroad
Norfolk and Virginia Beach Railroad and Improvement Company NS 1882 1887 Norfolk and Virginia Beach Railroad
Norfolk, Virginia Beach and Southern Railroad NS 1896 1900 Norfolk and Southern Railroad
Norfolk and Western Railroad N&W 1881 1896 Norfolk and Western Railway
Norfolk and Western Railway N&W, NW N&W 1896 1998 Norfolk Southern Railway
Norfolk Wharf, Warehouse and Terminal Company C&O 1893 1896 Norfolk Terminal and Transportation Company
North and South Railroad PRR 1853 1878 Peninsula Railroad
Norton and Northern Railway 1916 1934 N/A
Ohio River and Charleston Railroad ACL/ L&N 1894 1894 Ohio River and Charleston Railway
Ohio River and Charleston Railway ACL/ L&N 1894 1902 South and Western Railway
Orange and Alexandria Railroad SOU 1848 1867 Orange, Alexandria and Manassas Railroad
Orange, Alexandria and Manassas Railroad SOU 1867 1872 Virginia and North Carolina Railroad
Orange and Fredericksburg Railroad 1925 1926 Virginia Central Railway
Peninsula Railroad PRR 1878 1882 New York, Philadelphia and Norfolk Railroad
Penn Central Transportation Company PC 1968 1976 Consolidated Rail Corporation
Penndel Company PRR 1958 1976 Consolidated Rail Corporation
Pennsylvania Railroad PRR PRR 1918 1968 Penn Central Transportation Company
Petersburg Railroad ACL 1830 1898 Atlantic Coast Line Railroad
Petersburg and Asylum Railway ACL 1888 1896 Petersburg and Western Railroad
Petersburg and Western Railroad ACL 1896 1898 Petersburg Railroad
Philadelphia, Baltimore and Washington Railroad PRR 1902 1918 Pennsylvania Railroad
Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Railroad PRR 1891 1902 Philadelphia, Baltimore and Washington Railroad
Piedmont Railroad SOU 1862 1894 Southern Railway
Pocahontas and Western Railroad N&W 1904 1910 Norfolk and Western Railway
Portsmouth and Roanoke Railroad SAL 1832 1846 Seaboard and Roanoke Railroad
Potomac Railroad RF&P 1867 1917 Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railroad
Potomac, Fredericksburg and Piedmont Railroad 1876 1925 Orange and Fredericksburg Railroad
Prince George and Chesterfield Railway SAL 1929 1946 Seaboard Air Line Railroad
Radford-Southern Railroad and Mining Company N&W 1898 1903 Norfolk and Western Railway
Richmond and Alleghany Railroad C&O 1878 1889 Richmond and Alleghany Railway
Richmond and Alleghany Railway C&O 1889 1890 Chesapeake and Ohio Railway
Richmond and Danville Railroad SOU 1847 1894 Southern Railway
Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railroad RF&P, RFP RF&P 1834 1991 Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railway
Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railway RFP 1991 Still exists as a subsidiary of CSX Transportation
Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac and Richmond and Petersburg Railroad Connection Company RF&P 1866 1919 N/A (operated by Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railroad)
Richmond and Lynchburg Railroad C&O 1860 1873 Straight-Shoot Railroad
Richmond and Mecklenburg Railroad SOU 1875 1950 Southern Railway
Richmond and Petersburg Railroad ACL 1836 1898 Atlantic Coast Line Railroad
Richmond, Petersburg and Carolina Railroad SAL 1892 1900 Seaboard Air Line Railway
Richmond Terminal Railway ACL/ RF&P 1916 1976 N/A
Richmond and York River Railroad SOU 1853 1873 Richmond, York River and Chesapeake Railroad
Richmond, York River and Chesapeake Railroad SOU 1873 1894 Southern Railway
Roanoke and Southern Railway N&W 1887 1896 Norfolk, Roanoke and Southern Railroad
Roanoke Valley Railroad SOU 1850 1880 Richmond and Mecklenburg Railroad
Roaring Fork Railroad 1904
Rockbridge Alum and Goshen Railroad 1889
Rosslyn Connecting Railroad RC PRR 1904 1969 Penndel Company
Seaboard Air Line Railroad SAL SAL 1946 1967 Seaboard Coast Line Railroad
Seaboard Air Line Railway SAL 1900 1945 Seaboard Air Line Railroad
Seaboard Air Line System SAL 1893 1900 Seaboard Air Line Railway
Seaboard Coast Line Railroad SCL 1967 1983 Seaboard System Railroad
Seaboard and Roanoke Railroad SAL 1846 1911 Seaboard Air Line Railway
Seaboard System Railroad SBD 1983 1986 CSX Transportation
Shenandoah Valley Railroad N&W 1867 1890 Shenandoah Valley Railway
Shenandoah Valley Railway N&W 1890 1890 Norfolk and Western Railroad
South Atlantic and Ohio Railroad SOU 1882 1898 Virginia and Southwestern Railway
South and Western Railroad ACL/ L&N 1905 1908 Carolina, Clinchfield and Ohio Railway
South and Western Railway ACL/ L&N 1902 1906 South and Western Railroad
Southeastern and Atlantic Railroad 1896 1898 Norfolk and Portsmouth Belt Line Railroad
Southern Railway SOU SOU 1894 1990 Norfolk Southern Railway
Southside Railroad N&W 1846 1871 Atlantic, Mississippi and Ohio Railroad
Straight-Shoot Railroad C&O 1873 1878 Richmond and Alleghany Railroad
Suffolk and Carolina Railway NS 1884 1906 Norfolk and Southern Railway
Sulphur Mines Railroad C&O 1884
Surry, Sussex and Southampton Railway 1886 1930 N/A
Tidewater Railway N&W 1904 1907 Virginian Railway
Tidewater and West Virginia Railroad N&W 1900 1901 Chesapeake Western Railway
Tidewater and Western Railroad 1905 1917 N/A
Tuckahoe and James River Railroad 1837
Valley Railroad B&O 1866
Valley Street Railway 1890 1892 Big Stone Gap and Powell's Valley Railway
Virginia Air Line Railway C&O 1906 1912 Chesapeake and Ohio Railway
Virginia Anthracite Coal and Railway Company N&W 1902 1911 Norfolk and Western Railway
Virginia Blue Ridge Railway VBR 1914 1980 N/A
Virginia and Carolina Railroad SAL 1882 1892 Richmond, Petersburg and Carolina Railroad
Virginia–Carolina Railway N&W 1898 1919 Norfolk and Western Railway
Virginia and Carolina Coast Railroad NS 1905 1906 Norfolk and Southern Railway
Virginia–Carolina and Southern Railway N&W 1906 1912 Virginia–Carolina Railway
Virginia Central Railroad C&O 1850 1868 Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad
Virginia Central Railway VC 1926 1983 N/A
Virginia and Kentucky Railroad SOU 1852 1876 Bristol Coal and Iron Narrow-Gauge Railroad
Virginia and Kentucky Railway 1902 1916 Norton and Northern Railway
Virginia and Maryland Railroad VAMD 1977 1981 Eastern Shore Railroad
Virginia Midland Railway SOU 1880 1898 Southern Railway
Virginia and Mount Airy Railway 1920 N/A Never operated
Virginia and North Carolina Railroad SOU 1872 1873 Washington City, Virginia Midland and Great Southern Railway
Virginia and Potts Creek Railroad N&W 1906 1910 Big Stony Railway
Virginia and Southeastern Railway SOU 1904 1908 Virginia and Southwestern Railway
Virginia Southern Railroad 1902 1931 N/A
Virginia and Southwestern Railway SOU 1899 Still exists as a lessor of the Norfolk Southern Railway
Virginia and Tennessee Railroad N&W 1849 1871 Atlantic, Mississippi and Ohio Railroad
Virginia Western Coal and Iron Railway N&W 1894 1898 Virginia–Carolina Railway
Virginian Railway VGN N&W 1907 1959 Norfolk and Western Railway
Virginian Terminal Railway N&W 1907 1936 Virginian Railway
Washington, Alexandria and Georgetown Railroad RF&P 1862 1868 Alexandria and Washington Railroad
Washington City, Virginia Midland and Great Southern Railway SOU 1873 1880 Virginia Midland Railway
Washington and Ohio Railroad SOU 1870 1882 Washington and Western Railroad
Washington, Ohio and Western Railroad SOU 1883 1894 Southern Railway
Washington Southern Railway WSN RF&P 1890 1920 Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railroad
Washington and Western Railroad N&W 1889 1890 Shenandoah Valley Railway
Washington and Western Railroad SOU 1882 1883 Washington, Ohio and Western Railroad
Western Branch Railway ACL 1888 1888 Chowan and Southern Railroad
White Top Railway 1913
Winchester Railroad 1929 1929 Winchester and Wardensville Railroad
Winchester and Potomac Railroad B&O 1831 1988 CSX Transportation
Winchester and Strasburg Railroad B&O 1867 1988 CSX Transportation
Winchester and Wardensville Railroad 1929 1941 Winchester and Western Railroad
Winchester and Western Railroad 1916 1930 Winchester and Wardensville Railroad
Wise Terminal Company SOU 1900 1913 Interstate Railroad
Worcester Railroad PRR 1876 1883 Delaware, Maryland and Virginia Railroad
Electric
Private carriers

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ This is one or more of the Class I railroads that the railroad became part of, if any.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]