List of Volvo engines

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Volvo Cars has a long reputation as a maker of inline (or straight) engines. This list of Volvo engines gives an overview of available internal combustion engines.

When Volvo started in 1927, they ordered their engines from the engine manufacturer Penta in Skövde. The first engine was the inline four-cylinder side-valve 28 horsepower (21 kW; 28 PS) Type DA. In 1931, Volvo acquired a majority of the Penta stock, and in 1935, Penta became a subsidiary of Volvo. For the engines used by Volvo Trucks, see List of Volvo Trucks engines.

Previous owner, Ford Motor Company, allowed Volvo to continue to design their own engines, with a new-generation straight-six engine introduced in 2006. More recently the VEA program has been launched. VEA engines are branded as "Drive-E" in marketing.

Naming[edit]

To name their engines, Volvo has used:

  • 1955–1985 — four or five characters
  • 1985–1994 — five or six characters
  • 1993–1994 — six to eight characters

Generally, the following naming scheme is used:

In 2010 Volvo changed their engine branding nomenclature so that it is independent of engine size and number of cylinders. The letter "D" designates diesel and "T" petrol. Letters are followed by a number that dictate the level of power. The table below list the lower limit power required for each emblem in 2010.[1]

Diesel Power [metric hp] Petrol Power [metric hp]
D8 300 T8 325
D6 250 T6 275
D5 200 T5 225
D4 165 T4 175
D3 135 T3 150
D2 115 T2 125
D1 90 T1 100

Engines in production[edit]

Diesel[edit]

VED4, Volvo Engine Diesel 4[2][edit]

  • 181PS [133 kW]. In the following vehicles: S60/V60, XC60, S80/V70 & XC70.[3]
  • 190PS [140 kW]. In the following vehicles: V40/V40 Cross Country.[4]

VED5, Volvo Engine Diesel 5[edit]

Main article: Volvo D5 engine
  • 136PS (100 kW) single VNT 2.0 liter. Applications: S60/V60 and V70.
  • 150PS (110 kW) single VNT 2.0 liter. Applications: V40/V40 Cross Country.
  • 177PS (130 kW) single VNT 2.0 liter. Applications: V40/V40 Cross Country.
  • 181PS (133 kW) double turbo 2.4 liter. Applications: V70/XC70 and XC60.
  • 215PS (158 kW) double turbo 2.4 liter. Applications: S60/V60, XC60, S80/V70/XC70.

Otto[edit]

VEP4, Volvo Engine Petrol 4.[5][edit]

  • 245PS [180 kW] single turbo.
  • 306PS [225 kW] turbo+supercharger.[6]

I5P, Inline 5 Petrol[edit]

Main article: Volvo Modular engine

The following power versions are available:[7]

  • B5204T8, 180PS at 5000rpm and 300Nm from 2700-4000rpm.
  • B5204T9, 213PS at 6000rpm and 300Nm from 2700-5000rpm.
  • B5254T12, 254PS at 5400rpm and 360Nm from 1800-4200rpm.

SI6, Short Inline 6[edit]

Main article: Ford SI6 engine

This engine was designed by Volvo in Sweden but is built in Wales, at Ford's Bridgend Foundry.

Engines out of production[edit]

Side-valve six[edit]

Main article: Penta DB

Volvo's first six-cylinder engine was introduced in 1929. It was an side-valve straight-six engine.

  • 1929–1958 side-valve six — PV651/2, TR671/4, PV653/4, TR676/9, PV658/9, PV36, PV51/2, PV53/6, PV801/2, PV821/2, PV831/2 and PV60

B4B[edit]

Main article: Volvo B4B engine

Volvo's next major advance was the B4B line of compact inline-four engines introduced in 1944.

B18[edit]

Main article: Volvo B18 engine

The B18 of 1960 was the company's next major advance, with five main bearings.

  • 1962–1974 B18 — 1.8 litres - 1,778 cubic centimetres (108.5 cu in) — new-design 1.8 & 2.0 litres overhead valve (OHV) 8v fitted into all Volvo models from 1961 to 1974 (except the 164) and 1975 U.S.-spec 240 models
    • B18C - single carburetor version - fitted in the Volvo BM 320 tractor
    • B18A - single carburetor version
    • B18D - twin SU carburetor version
    • B18B - twin SU or Zenith carburetor version
  • 1969–1981 B20 — 2.0 litres - 1,986 cubic centimetres (121.2 cu in) — evolution of the B18

B30[edit]

Main article: Volvo B30 engine

The B30 was Volvo's second line of straight-six engines, introduced in 1969.

V6[edit]

Main article: PRV engine

Volvo introduced the PRV engine, its only V6 engine, in 1974. The PRV was available in 2.7 and 2.8 L configurations, with SOHC cylinder heads. The PRV was developed together with Renault and Peugeot; thus the acronym name PRV.

SOHC[edit]

Main article: Volvo Redblock Engine
  • 1976–1984 B17 — 1.8 litres - 1,784 cubic centimetres (108.9 cu in) SOHC 8-valve
    • 1979–1981 — B17A — 8.3:1 compression — 90 horsepower (67 kW; 91 PS)
  • 1976–1984 B19 — 2.0 litres - 1,986 cubic centimetres (121.2 cu in) SOHC 8-valve Volvo 340/360, Volvo 240, Volvo 740
    • 1974–1978 — B19A — 8.8:1 compression — 97 horsepower (72 kW; 98 PS)
    • 1974–1981 — B19E — 8.8:1 compression — 117 horsepower (87 kW; 119 PS)
    • 1979–1984 — B19A — 8.5:1 compression — 90 horsepower (67 kW; 91 PS)/97 horsepower (72 kW; 98 PS)
    • 1982–1984 — B19E — 9.2:1 compression — 117 horsepower (87 kW; 119 PS)
    • 1982–1984 — B19ET — ??:1 compression — 136–145 PS (100–107 kW)
  • 1976–1985 B21 — 2.1 litres - 2,127 cubic centimetres (129.8 cu in) SOHC 8-valve Volvo 240
    • 1976 B21F — 8.5:1 compression — 102 horsepower (76 kW; 103 PS) — U.S. models
    • 1977–1978 B21F — 8.5:1 compression — 104 horsepower (78 kW; 105 PS) — U.S. models
    • 1977–1978 B21F — 8.5:1 compression — 101 horsepower (75 kW; 102 PS) — California
    • 1979 B21F — 9.3:1 compression — 107 horsepower (80 kW; 108 PS) — North America
    • 1979 B21F — 8.5:1 compression — 101 horsepower (75 kW; 102 PS) — California
    • 1979–1980 B21E — 9.3:1 compression — 123 horsepower (92 kW; 125 PS) — European
    • 1980 B21A — 9.3:1 compression — 100 horsepower (75 kW; 101 PS) — Canada
    • 1980 B21F — 9.3:1 compression — 107 horsepower (80 kW; 108 PS) — U.S. & Canada models
    • 1981 B21F — 9.3:1 compression — 107 horsepower (80 kW; 108 PS) — California
    • 1981 B21F — 9.3:1 compression — 99 horsepower (74 kW; 100 PS) — U.S. models
    • 1981 B21FT — 7.5:1 compression — 126 horsepower (94 kW; 128 PS) — U.S. Turbo
    • 1981 B21A — 9.3:1 compression — 100 horsepower (75 kW; 101 PS) — Canada
    • 1981 B21F — 9.3:1 compression — 107 horsepower (80 kW; 108 PS) — U.S. models
    • 1982 B21F — 9.3:1 compression — 99 horsepower (74 kW; 100 PS) — U.S. models
    • 1982 B21F — 9.3:1 compression — 105 horsepower (78 kW; 106 PS) — California
    • 1982–1983 B21FT — 7.5:1 compression — 127 horsepower (95 kW; 129 PS) — U.S. models
    • 1984 B21FT — 7.5:1 compression — 131 horsepower (98 kW; 133 PS) — U.S. models
    • 1984 B21FT-IBS — 7.5:1 compression — 162 horsepower (121 kW; 164 PS) — U.S. models
  • 1979–1984 B23 — 2.3 litres - 2,316 cubic centimetres (141.3 cu in) SOHC 8-valve Volvo 240, Volvo 740
    • 1979–1980 B23E — 10.3:1 compression 140 horsepower (104 kW; 142 PS) — European
    • 1981–1982 B23E — 10.0:1 compression — 136 horsepower (101 kW; 138 PS) — Canada
    • 1983 B23F — 10.3:1 compression — 107 horsepower (80 kW; 108 PS) — U.S. models
    • 1984 B23E — 10.3:1 compression — 115 horsepower (86 kW; 117 PS) — Canada
    • 1983–1984 B23F — 9.5:1 compression — 111 horsepower (83 kW; 113 PS) — U.S. models
    • 1984 B23F — 10.3:1 compression — 114 horsepower (85 kW; 116 PS) — U.S. models
  • 1985–1992 B200 — 2.0 litres - 1,986 cubic centimetres (121.2 cu in) SOHC 8-valve Volvo 340/360 and 200/700/900 series for certain markets
  • 1985–1995 B230 — 2.3 litres - 2,316 cubic centimetres (141.3 cu in) SOHC 8-valve Volvo 240/740/Volvo 940
    • 1985–1986 B230F — 9.8:1 compression — 114 horsepower (85 kW; 116 PS) — U.S. models
    • 1985–1987 B230E — 9.8:1 compression — 131 horsepower (98 kW; 133 PS)
    • 1988–1993 B230F — 9.8:1 compression — 114 horsepower (85 kW; 116 PS) — U.S. models
    • 1985-1990 B230ET — 10.3:1 compression — 182 horsepower (136 kW; 185 PS) — European models
    • 1985–1998 B230FT — 8.7:1 compression — 165 horsepower (123 kW; 167 PS) — U.S./European models
    • 1991-1992 B230FB — 9.8:1 compression — 136 horsepower (101 kW; 138 PS) — European models
    • 1994–1998 B230FK — 8.7:1 compression — 135 horsepower (101 kW; 137 PS) — European models

DOHC[edit]

Main article: Volvo Redblock Engine

The line of multi-valve DOHC engines began with the B234 for the 1989 model year.

Volkswagen Group diesels

Volvo licensed diesel engines from Volkswagen Group for decades.

Volvo V8[edit]

Volvo B36, used in trucks

Modular[edit]

Main article: Volvo Modular engine

Volvo began a line of modular engines in 1990, with straight-four, straight-five, and straight-six variants, developed with the help of Porsche.

1995-1998 B6254, B6304, B6304S, B6244

Yamaha Volvo V8[edit]

This V8 engine is designed by Volvo Cars and Yamaha Motors of Japan. The engine is built by Yamaha in Japan, and other parts of the engine are added at Volvo Cars engine unit in Skövde, Sweden.

References[edit]