List of Washington Senators (1891–99) managers

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The Washington Senators were a Major League Baseball team that played in Washington, D.C.. They played in the American Association when it was considered a major league in 1891 and in the National League from 1892 through 1899, after which the team was eliminated when the National League contracted from twelve teams to eight teams. In their inaugural season, they played as the Washington Statesmen.[1][verification needed] During their time as a Major League team, the Senators employed 12 managers.[2] The duties of the team manager include team strategy and leadership on and off the field.[3][4]

The Senators first manager was Sam Trott.[1] Trott managed the Senators for 12 games before being replaced by Pop Snyder.[1] Gus Schmelz holds the Senators' record for most games managed (434), managerial wins (155) and managerial losses (270).[2] Tom Brown and Jack Doyle share the Senators' record for highest winning percentage as manager, with .471.[2] Billy Barnie, who didn't win either of the two games he managed, holds the Senators' record for fewest wins.[2] Arthur Irwin is the only Senators manager who served more than a single term.[1] Irwin was one of three managers the Senators employed in its first National League season of 1892, and also the last Senators manager.[1][5] In total, Irwin managed 293 games for the Senators, with 110 wins and 177 losses for a winning percentage of .383.[5] Jim O'Rourke is the only Senators manager to be inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame.[6][7]

Key[edit]

# A running total of the number of Colonels managers. Any manager who has two or more separate terms is counted only once.
G Regular season games managed; may not equal sum of wins and losses due to tie games
W Regular season wins
L Regular season losses
Win% Winning percentage
Ref Reference
Elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame

Managers[edit]

#[a] Manager Seasons G W L Win% Ref
1 Trott, SamSam Trott 1891 12 4 7 .364 [8]
2 Snyder, PopPop Snyder 1891 70 23 46 .333 [9]
3 Shannon, DanDan Shannon 1891 51 15 34 .306 [10]
4 Griffin, SandySandy Griffin 1891 6 2 4 .333 [11]
5 Barnie, BillyBilly Barnie 1892 2 0 2 .000 [12]
6 Irwin, ArthurArthur Irwin 1892 108 46 60 .434 [5]
7 Richardson, DannyDanny Richardson 1892 43 12 31 .279 [13]
8 O'Rourke, JimJim O'Rourke 1893 130 40 89 .310 [6]
9 Schmelz, GusGus Schmelz 18941897 434 155 270 .365 [14][15]
10 Brown, TomTom Brown 18971898 137 64 72 .471 [16]
11 Doyle, JackJack Doyle 1898 17 8 9 .471 [17]
12 McGuire, DeaconDeacon McGuire 1898 70 21 47 .309 [18]
Irwin, ArthurArthur Irwin 18981899 185 64 117 .354 [5]
Totals 12 managers 9 seasons 1,265 454 788 .366

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Washington Senators Managers". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-11-21. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Washington Senators Team History & Encyclopedia". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-11-21. 
  3. ^ "Manager: Definition | wiktionary.org". en.wiktionary.org. The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. 2006. Retrieved 2009-02-24. 
  4. ^ Dickson, P. (2009). The Dickson Baseball Dictionary (Third Edition ed.). W.W. Norton & Co. p. 530. ISBN 978-0-393-06681-4. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Arthur Irwin". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-11-21. 
  6. ^ a b "Jim O'Rourke". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-11-21. 
  7. ^ "Louisville Colonels Hall of Fame Register". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-10-21. 
  8. ^ "Sam Trott". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-11-21. 
  9. ^ "Pop Snyder". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-11-21. 
  10. ^ "Dan Shannon". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-11-21. 
  11. ^ "Sandy Griffin". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-11-21. 
  12. ^ "Billy Barnie". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-11-21. 
  13. ^ "Danny Richardson". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-11-21. 
  14. ^ "Gus Schmelz". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-11-21. 
  15. ^ "Gus Schmelz – Retrosheet". Retrosheet. Retrieved 2009-11-21. 
  16. ^ "Tom Brown". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-11-21. 
  17. ^ "Jack Doyle". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-11-21. 
  18. ^ "Deacon McGuire". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-11-21.