List of Wazamono

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This list of Wazamono is a list of 228 swordsmiths[1] (or 180 depending on the method of counting[2]) of katana and other weapons in the book Kaihō kenjaku (懐宝剣尺 Pocket Treasured Sword Length?)[2] or Kaihō-kenshaku, released in 1815[2] by Yamada Asaemon.[1][2] (Yamada Asaemon V was one among a direct line of official sword testers for the bakufu during the Edo Period, every generation of whom inherited that name).

The work lists 14 saijō ōwazamono (最上大業物 "supreme sharpness swords"?), 20 ōwazamono (大業物 "great sharpness swords"?), 50 ryōwazamono (良業物 "good sharp swords"?), 80 wazamno (業物 wazamono?, "sharp swords"), and 60 (65?) makes with mixed levels of sharpness.

As is well-known, the names of Japanese swords take after its maker. Thus by "sword" here, the "make of the sword", i.e., the signature mark of the swordsmith is meant.

The authoritative list, compiled by the samurai whose job was testing a katana, had been and is still used as a benchmark for a katana. However, this list has also been used by those who sell fake katana.

The list does cover both shintō (new sword) as well as the kotō (old sword). However it omits pieces by the most preeminent smiths from the kotō period (900 to 1596 AD), blades by e.g. Sōshū Masamune, Sōshū Sadamune, Bizen Nagamitsu and Ise Muramasa. Such treasure swords never underwent test-cutting during the Edo Period, being considered too valuable as historical art objects to risk damage.

In the following list, the generation designation is converted to Roman numeral, thus Shodai (初代?)="I (first generation)"; Nidai (二代?)="II (second generation)", etc.

Saijō ōwazamono[edit]

14 in this category.

Ōwazamono[edit]

20 in this category.

Ryōwazamono[edit]

50 in this category.

  • Osafune Iesuke II (長船家助 (二代)?)
  • Wakasa no Kami Ujifusa (若狭守氏房?)[2]
  • Jirō Saemon Katsumitsu (次郎左衛門勝光?)
  • Ukyō Susumu Katsumitsu (右京進勝光?)
  • Kanesada III (兼定 (三代)?)
  • Seki Kanefusa (関兼房?)
  • Seki Kanetsune (関兼常?)
  • Kōzukenosuke Kaneshige (上総介兼重?)
  • Echizen Kanetane I (越前兼植 (初代)?)[2]
  • Echizen Kanenori (越前兼則?)
  • Aizu Kanesada (会津兼定?)
  • Echigo no Kami Kunihiro (越後守国儔?)
  • Yamashiro no Kami Kunikane II (山城守国包 (二代)?)[2]
  • Yamashiro no Daijō Kunitsugu I (山城大椽国次 (初代)?)
  • Okayama Kunimune (岡山国宗?)
  • Ōyogo Kunishige (大与五国重?)[2][6]
  • Ishidō Korekazu I (石堂是一 (初代)?)[2]=Musashi Daijō Koreichi I (武蔵大椽是一 (初代)?)
  • Iga no Kami Sadatsugu (伊賀守定次?)
  • Nanki Shigekuni I (南紀重国?)
  • Tsuda Ōmi no Kami Sukenao (津田近江守助直?)[7]
  • Osafune Sukemitsu (長船祐光?)
  • Yokoyama Sukesada (横山祐定?)=Sukesada IX (descndant of Eisho) (九代祐定 (永正の末裔)?)[2]
  • Osafune Tadamitsu (長船忠光?)
  • Ikkanshi Tadatsuna (一竿子忠綱?)[8]
  • Settsu no Kami Tadayuki I (摂津守忠行 (初代)?)
  • Mutsu Tadashige (陸奥忠重?)
  • Sōshū Tsunahiro I (相州綱広 (初代)?)[2]
  • Tsushima no Kami Tsunemitsu (対馬守常光?)[9]= Heki Tsunemitsu (日置常光?)[2]
  • Tango no Kami Naomichi (丹後守直道?)
  • Osafune Norimitsu I (長船則光 (初代)?)
  • Sukeemon Norimitsu (助右衛門則光?)[2]
  • Osafune Norimitsu I (長船法光 (初代)?)
  • Osafune Norimitsu II (長船法光 (二代)?)
  • Osafune Hidesuke (長船秀助?)
  • Ōmi no Kami Hisamichi I (近江守久道 (初代)?)
  • Kanabō Masazane (金房正真?)[2]
  • Sakakura Masatoshi I (坂倉正利 (初代)?)[2]
  • Sakakura Masatoshi II (坂倉正利 (二代)?)[2]
  • Yamato no Daijō Masanori I (大和大椽正則 (初代)?)
  • Ōshū Masanaga (奥州政長?)=Aizu Masanaga (会津政長?)[2]
  • Heki Mitsuhira (日置光平?)[10]
  • Sakyō no Shin Munemitsu (左京進宗光?)[2][11]
  • Heki Munehiro (日置宗弘?)[2]
  • Osafune Morikage (長船盛景?)[12]=Ōmiya Morikage (大宮盛景?)[2]
  • Yasutsugu I (康継 (初代)?)
  • Yasutsugu II (康継 (二代)?)
  • Yamato no Kami Yasusada (大和守安定?)
  • Bitchū no Kami Yasuhiro (備中守康広?)
  • Takada Yukinaga (高田行長?)
  • Kyō Yoshimichi I (京吉道 (初代)?)
  • Kyō Yoshimichi II (京吉道 (二代)?)
  • Ōsaka Yoshimichi I (大阪吉道 (初代)?)
  • Ōsaka Yoshimichi II (大阪吉道 (二代)?)
  • Musashi no Kami Yoshikado (武蔵守吉門?)
  • Ise Daijō Yoshihiro (伊勢大椽吉弘?)[2]

Wazamono[edit]

80 in this category.

  • (Tsushima no kami) Tachibana Ippō ((対馬守)橘一法?)[13] =?Sasaki Ippō II (佐々木一法 (ニ代)?)[citation needed]
  • Tegarayama Ujishige I (手柄山氏重 (初代)?)[2]Yamato no Daijō Ujishige I (大和大椽藤原氏重?)[14]
  • Kashū Katsuie I (加州勝家 (初代)?)
  • Kashū Katsuie II (加州勝家 (二代)?)
  • Aizu Kanetomo I (会津兼友 (初代)?)
  • Kanetane (Edo) (兼植 (江戸)?)[2]
  • Musashi no Kami Kanenaka (武蔵守兼中?)
  • Sakushū Kanekage (作州兼景?)
  • Tsutsui Kijū (筒井紀充?),[2] son of Kanekuni[15] (added below)
  • Kanekuni I (包国 (初代)?)[2]=Tsutsui Etchū no Kami Fujiwara Kanekuni (筒井越中守藤原包国?)[16]
  • Gorōzaemon Kiyomitsu (五郎左衛門清光?)[17]
  • Gorōzaemon Kiyomitsu (五郎左衛門清光?)[17]
  • Katsubei Kiyomitsu (勝兵衛清光?)[2]
  • Hachiman'yama Kiyohira (八幡山清平?)[2]
  • Harima Daijō Kiyomitsu (播磨大椽清光?)[2]
  • Niō Kiyozane (二王清実?)[2][18]
  • Iga no Kami Kinmichi I (伊賀守金道 (初代)?)[2]
  • Izumi no Kami Kinmichi I (和泉守金道 (初代)?)[2]
  • Izumi no Kami Kinmichi II (和泉守金道 (二代)?)[2]
  • Dewa Daijō Kunimichi (出羽大椽国路?)[2]
  • Sesshū Kunimitsu (摂州国光?)
  • (Sessū jū Ikeda)Kijinmaru Kunishige[19] or Kishinmaru ~[2] ((摂州住池田)鬼神丸国重?)
  • Kunikore (Osaka) (国維 (大坂)?)[2]=Sagami no Kami Kunimasa (相模守国維?)[20]
  • Kawachi no Kami Kunisuke I II III (初二三代河内守国助?)
  • Yamashiro no Kami Kunikiyo I (山城守国清 (初代)?)
  • Yamashiro no Kami Kunikiyo II (山城守国清 (二代)?)
  • Aizu Kunisada (会津国貞?)
  • Sagami no Kami Kunitsuna (相模守国綱?)
  • Obama Kuniyoshi (小浜国義?)[2]=?Takai Kuniyoshi (高井国義?)
  • Kōriyama Kunitake (郡山国武?)[2]=?Sugawara Kunitake (菅原国武?)
  • Suzuki Kaga no Mori Sadanori (鈴木加賀守貞則?)[2]
  • Izumo no Kami Sadashige (出雲守貞重?)[2]
  • Kaga no Kami Sadahiro (加賀守貞広?)
  • Yamato no Daijō Sadayuki (大和大椽貞行?)
  • Inoue Shinkai (井上真改?)[21]
  • Doi Shinryō (土肥真了?)[22]
  • Umetada Shigeyoshi (埋忠重義?)[23]
  • Harima no Daijō Shigetaka I (播磨大椽重高 (初代)?)
  • Nobukuni Shigekane (信国重包?)[2]
  • Nobukuni Shigesada (信国重貞?) of Nobukuni school(ja)
  • Takada Shigeyuki (高田重行?)
  • Maru Tsuda Sukehiro (丸津田助広?)[2] =?Tsuda Sōsho Mei Sukehiro (津田草書銘助広?), successor of Sukehiro I (Soboro) above.
  • Suketaka (Osaka) (助高 (大坂)?)[2] = Sesshū Suketaka (摂州助高?)
  • = Sukenobu (Osaka) (助信 (大坂)?)[2]= Sesshū jū Minamoto no Sukenobu (摂州住源助信?)=Dewa no Kami Sukenobu (出羽守助信?)[24]
  • Hanabusa Sukekuni (花房祐国?)[2] = Bizen no Kami Yūkoku (備前守祐国?)[25]
  • Harima no Daijō Tadakuni I (播磨大掾忠国 (初代)?)[2]=Hizen jū Harima no Daijō Fujiwara no Tadakuni I (肥前住播磨大掾藤原忠国 (初代)?)[26]=Hizen Tadakuni I (肥前忠国 (初代)?)
  • Tadayoshi IV (四代忠吉?)[2]
  • Shinano Daijō Tadakuni I (信濃大掾忠国 (初代)?)[2]=Heianjō jū Tadakuni I (平安城住忠国 (初代)?)[26]
  • Tsuguhira I (継平 (初代)?)[2]
  • Shimosaka Tsuguhiro (下阪継広?)
  • Higo no Kami Teruhiro (肥後守輝広?)
  • Shitahara Terushige (下原照重?)[27]
  • Mutsu no Kami Toshinaga I (陸奥守歳長 (初代)?)
  • Yamashiro no Kami Toshinaga I (山城守歳長 (初代)?)
  • Musashi no Kami Tomotsune (武蔵守友常?)
  • Tsunbo Nagatsuna (聾長綱?)[28]
  • Takai Nobuyoshi I (高井信吉 (初代)?)
  • Hōki no Kami Nobutaka I (伯耆守信高 (初代)?)
  • Hōki no Kami Nobutaka II (伯耆守信高 (二代)?)
  • Jūrō Saemon Harumitsu (十郎左衛門春光?)
  • Kinshiro Hisamichi (金四郎久道?)
  • Yamashiro no Kami Hidetoki I (山城守秀辰 (初代)?)[29]
  • Hiromasa (Settsu) (広政 (摂津)?)[2] =Wakasa no Kami Hiromasa (若狭守広政?)[30]
  • Hōki no Kami Hirotaka (伯耆守汎隆?)
  • Hōjōji Masahiro (法城寺正弘?)
  • Etchū no Kami Masatoshi (越中守正俊?)
  • Hizen Masahiro I (肥前正広 (初代)?), disciple of Tadayoshi I(ja) above.
  • Bitchū no Daijō Masanaga (備中大椽正永?)
  • Kanabō Masatsugu (金房政次?)[2]
  • Takada Muneyuki I (高田統行 (初代)?)[2][31]
  • Shimosaka Munemichi (Munetsugu) (下坂宗道(宗次)?)[2]=?Kazusa no Daijō Munemichi (上総大椽宗道?)
  • Mutsu no Kami Muneshige (陸奥守宗重?)
  • Motoyuki (Osaka) (本行 (大坂)?) [2]=Template:松葉本行[32]=Kawachi no Kami Motoyuki (河内守本行?)
  • Senjuin Morikuni (千手院盛国?)[33]
  • Tōren Morihisa (東連守久?)[2]=?Ishidō Morihisa (石堂守久?)
  • Yasunaga (Ōsaka, Settsu jū) (康永 (大坂・摂津住)?)[2]=Kawachi no Kami Yasunaga (河内守康永?)[34]
  • Sendai Yasutomo II (仙台安倫 (二代)?)[2]
  • Dewa no Kami Yukihiro (出羽守行広?)[2]=Hizen Yukihiro I (肥前行広 (初代)?)
  • Izumo no Daijō Yoshitake I (出雲大椽吉武 (初代)?)
  • Izumo no Daijō Yoshitake II (出雲大椽吉武 (二代)?)
  • Yamato no Kami Yoshimichi I (大和守吉道 (初代)?)
  • Yamato no Kami Yoshimichi II (大和守吉道 (二代)?)
  • Kōzukenosuke Yoshimasa (上野介吉正?)
  • Yoshikuni Tosa (吉国 (土佐)?)[2]=Kōzuke no Kami Yoshikuni (上野守吉国?)[35]
  • Onizuka Yoshikuni (鬼塚吉国?)

Mixed[edit]

Swordmakers that produced a mixture of quality, ōwazamono, ryōwazamono, or wazamono. 60 in this category.

  • Osafune Arimitsu (長船在光?)
  • Sasaki Ippō I (佐々木一峯 (初代)?)[36]
  • Kashū Ieyoshi (加州家吉?)
  • Kashū Ietada (加州家忠?)
  • Seki Kanekuni (関兼国?)
  • Hachiya Kanesada (蜂屋兼貞?)
  • Seki Kanetoki (関兼辰?)[37]
  • Seki Kaneoto (関兼音?)
  • Seki Kanemichi (関兼道?)
  • Sagami no Kami Kaneyasu (相模守兼安?)
  • Kōzuke no Kami Kanesada (上野守兼定?)
  • Shimousa no Daijō Kanemasa (下総大椽兼正?)
  • Komatsu Kanemaki (小松兼巻?)
  • Tegai Kanesada (手掻包定?)[38]
  • Kawachi no Kami Tsutsusada (河内守包定?)
  • Naminohira Kiyosuke (波平清佐?)[39]
  • Akasaka Senjuin Kuninaga (赤坂千手院国長?)
  • Uda Kunifusa (宇多国房?)
  • Satsuma Kunihira (薩摩国平?)
  • Kawashima Kunihira (川島国平?)
  • Hōjōji Kuniyoshi (法城寺国吉?)
  • Matsuyama Kuniteru (松山国輝?)
  • Yamato no Kami Kuniyuki (大和守国行?)
  • Nisshū Kunitomi (日州国富?)
  • Namihira Shigeyoshi (波平重吉?)
  • Nanki Shigekuni II (南紀重国 (二代)?)
  • Iga Shizumasa (伊賀鎮政?)
  • Seki Jumyō (関寿命?)[40]
  • Musashi Sukechika (武蔵助鄰?)[citation needed]
  • Dewa no Kami Sukeshige (出羽守助重?)
  • Shichibe Yusada (七兵衛祐定?)
  • Etchū no Kami Takahira (越中守高平?)
  • Echigo no Kami Tadamichi (越後守忠道?)
  • Mutsu no Kami Tameyasu I (陸奥守為康 (初代)?)
  • Shimosaka Tametoshi (下阪為利?)
  • Sōshuū Tsunaie (相州綱家?)
  • Osafune Tsuneie I (長船経家 (初代)?)
  • Osafune Tsuneie II (長船経家 (二代)?)
  • Mutsu no Kami Terumasa (陸奥守輝政?)
  • Takada Teruyuki (高田輝行?)
  • Seki Nagatoshi (関長俊?)
  • Settsu no Kami Nagashige I (摂津守永重 (初代)?)
  • Osafune Hisamitsu (長船久光?)
  • Kōzuke no Kami Hisakuni (上野守久国?)
  • Senjuin Hironaga (千手院広長?)
  • Aki Hirotaka I (安芸広隆 (初代)?)
  • Shinano no Kami Hirokane I (信濃守弘包 (初代)?)[41]
  • Namihira Hiroyasu (波平寛安?)
  • Dōtanuki Masakuni (同田貫正国?)
  • Mihara Masachika (三原正近?)
  • Ishimichi Masatoshi (石道正俊?)
  • Bungo no Kami Shōzen (豊後守正全?)
  • Sagami no Kami Masatsune I (相模守政常 (初代)?)
  • Wakasa no Kami Michitoki (若狭守道辰?)[41]
  • Shimousa no Daijō Muneyoshi (下総大椽宗吉?)
  • Taira Morikata (平盛方?)
  • Sōshū Yasuharu (相州康春?)
  • Shimohara Yasushige I (下原康重 (初代)?)
  • Yamato no Kami Yasuyuki (大和守安行?)
  • Fujishima Yukimitsu (藤島行光?)
  • Darani Yoshiie (陀羅尼吉家?)
  • Harima no Kami Yoshinari (播摩守吉成?)
  • Sanjō Yoshikuni (三条義国?)
  • Osafune Yoshimitsu (長船賀光?)[42]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Sesko, Markus (2011). Legends and Stories Around the Japanese Sword. BoD – Books on Demand. p. 115. ISBN 9783842366039. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi Nagayama 1997, pp. 37–39, (Wazamono list in Eng.-Japanese)
  3. ^ Sesko 2012, p. 409, vol.1修理亮盛光 gives "Shuri" (no elgogation on the u"
  4. ^ Sesko 2012, p. 334, vol. 2
  5. ^ Sesko 2012, p. 329, vol. 2
  6. ^ Sesko 2012, p. 287, vol. 1
  7. ^ Sesko 2012, p. 185, vol. 2
  8. ^ Sesko 2012, p. 228, vol. 2
  9. ^ Sesko 2012, p. 383, vol. 1
  10. ^ Sesko 2012, p. 383, vol. 2
  11. ^ Sesko 2012, p. 436, vol. 1
  12. ^ Sesko 2012, p. 99, vol. 1
  13. ^ Nagayama 1998 has 橘一法 under Wazamono;Tachibana Ippō; "対馬守一法" at Tsurugi no ya page, and 対馬守橘一法 by Sesko 2012, p. 96, vol. 1
  14. ^ Sesko 2012, p. 309, vol. 1
  15. ^ Sesko 2012, p. 97, vol. 1
  16. ^ 佐藤, 均. "著名刀剣標準価格表・「か」~2". 刀の蔵. Retrieved June 2012. 
  17. ^ a b Sesko 2012, p. 233, vol. 1
  18. ^ Sesko 2012, p. 245, vol. 1
  19. ^ Hawley 1966, p. 154
  20. ^ Sesko 2012, pp. 267,269, vol. 1 "Kunikore(国維)" cross-references to "Kunimasa(国維)"
  21. ^ Sesko 2012, p. 168, vol. 2
  22. ^ Sesko 2012, p. 163, vol. 2
  23. ^ Sesko 2012, p. 157, vol. 2
  24. ^ Sesko 2012, p. 186, vol. 2
  25. ^ Sesko 2012, p. 196, vol. 2
  26. ^ a b Sesko 2012, p. 214, vol. 2
  27. ^ Sesko 2012, p. 248, vol. 2
  28. ^ Sesko 2012, p. 24, vol. 2
  29. ^ Sesko 2012, p. 65, vol. 1
  30. ^ Sesko 2012, p. 72, vol. 1
  31. ^ Sesko 2012, p. 450, vol. 1
  32. ^ Tsurugi no ya (2007). "業物位列一覧". Tsuruginoya (homepage). Retrieved June 2012. 
  33. ^ Sesko 2012, p. 408, vol. 1
  34. ^ Sesko 2012, p. 408, vol. 2
  35. ^ Sesko 2012, p. 359, vol. 2
  36. ^ Sesko 2012, p. 96, vol. 1
  37. ^ Sesko 2012, p. 174, vol. 1
  38. ^ Sesko 2012, vol. 1
  39. ^ Sesko 2012, p. 241, vol. 1
  40. ^ Sesko 2012, p. 108, vol. 1
  41. ^ a b Sesko 2012, p. 82, vol. 1
  42. ^ "signature search". Nihonto club. Retrieved June 2012.