List of Wharton School alumni

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Warren Buffett, enrolled in Wharton's undergraduate program in 1947 and dropped out in 1949

The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania has over 92,000 alumni in 150 countries.[1] As of 2014, there are approximately 79,280 alumni in North America, 5,660 in Asia, 4,510 in Europe, 1,370 in the Caribbean and Latin America, 930 in Africa and the Middle East, and 380 in Australia and New Zealand.[2] This is a listing of notable Wharton School alumni.

Industry[edit]

John Sculley, CEO and President of PepsiCo (1977–1983), CEO of Apple (1983–1993), Partner at Sculley Brothers, LLC (1995–present), Co-Founder of Zeta Interactive (2007-Present)
Donald Trump, Founder and CEO of The Trump Organization, earned a Bachelor of Science in Economics from Wharton
Mortimer Zuckerman, Owner, Chairman and Editor-in-chief of U.S. News & World Report, owner and publisher of the New York Daily News, former owner of The Atlantic and Fast Company, Co-founder, Executive Chairman and CEO of Boston Properties
Karl von der Heyden, CEO and Chairman of RJR Nabisco (subject of largest LBO in history), CFO of PepsiCo, CFO of H. J. Heinz Company, CEO of Metallgesellschaft AG, Chairman of FASB Advisory Council

Finance[edit]

Private equity CEOs, all Wharton alumni, at the Wharton Global Alumni Forum in Milan, Italy
Daniel Och, Hedge fund manager and Founder of Och-Ziff Capital Management, former Head of Proprietary Trading and U.S. Equities at Goldman Sachs, earned a Bachelor of Science in Economics from Wharton
Ronald Perelman, Chairman and CEO, MacAndrews & Forbes Group, earned a Bachelor of Science in Economics and a Master of Business Administration from Wharton[80]
Robert S. Kapito (far left), Founder and President of BlackRock, earned a Bachelor of Science in Economics from Wharton
Frank Quattrone, Founder of the Technology Groups at Morgan Stanley, Deutsche Bank and Credit Suisse, Founder of Qatalyst Partners, earned a Bachelor of Science in Economics from Wharton
Karen Finerman, Hedge fund manager and founder of Metropolitan Capital Advisors, Co-host of Fast Money, earned a Bachelor of Science in Economics from Wharton

Technology[edit]

Elon Musk, Founder and CEO of PayPal,[137] Tesla Motors[138] and SpaceX,[139] earned a Bachelor of Science in Economics from Wharton
Mark Pincus, Founder and CEO of Zynga,[140] earned a Bachelor of Science in Economics from Wharton

Government, law and nonprofit[edit]

Alassane Ouattara, President of the Ivory Coast (2010-present), Governor of the Central Bank of West African States, Deputy Head of the International Monetary Fund
Boediono, Vice President (2009-2014), Minister for the Economy (2005-2009), Minister of Finance (2001-2005), former Governor of Bank Indonesia, The Central Bank of Indonesia
Pridiyathorn Devakula, Deputy Prime Minister of Thailand (2014-Present), Minister of Finance (2006-2007), Governor of the Bank of Thailand (2001-2006), great-grandson of King Rama IV
Cesar Virata, Prime Minister (1981-1986), Minister of Finance (1970-1986), Philippines, namesake and Dean of the Cesar Virata School of Business at the University of the Philippines
Corrado Passera, Minister of Economic Development, Infrastructure and Transport, Italy, management consultant and investment banker, former CEO of Banca Intesa
Ignazio Visco, Governor of Banca d'Italia, the Central Bank of Italy (2011-Present), former Chief Economist of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
Paul Judge, Chairman of the British Royal Society of Arts, Founder of the Judge Business School at Cambridge University
Fred Hilmer, President and Vice-Chancellor of the University of New South Wales, former Dean of the Australian Graduate School of Management, former CEO of Fairfax Media

Media[edit]

Mehmet Oz (Dr. Oz), host of The Dr. Oz Show, medical expert for The Oprah Winfrey Show, author of six New York Times bestsellers, winner of six Emmy Awards
Walter Annenberg (with President Ronald Reagan), American media mogul, awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Ronald Reagan, awarded the rank of Knight Commander (second-highest rank in the British Empire) by Queen Elizabeth II, awarded the rank of Knight of the Order of St. Gregory the Great, named an Officer of the French Legion of Honor

Real estate[edit]

Vikram Chatwal, property developer and hotelier, earned a Bachelor of Science in Economics from Wharton

Writers[edit]

Richard Koch, Co-founder of L.E.K. Consulting, author of 20 books on business strategy and the 80/20 principle
David Sklansky, Author on poker and blackjack strategy, winner of three World Series of Poker bracelets

Sports[edit]

David Montgomery, Co-owner, General Partner, Chairman and CEO of the Philadelphia Phillies, won the World Series in 2008
Peter O'Malley, former President, Chairman and CEO, Owner of the Los Angeles Dodgers, business executive

Music[edit]

James DePreist (with President George W. Bush), Director Emeritus of Conducting and Orchestral Studies at the Juilliard School, awarded the National Medal of Arts

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Alumni Network". Wharton School. Retrieved 23 April 2014. 
  2. ^ "Wharton School: Facts and Figures". Wharton School. Retrieved 23 April 2014. 
  3. ^ http://www.relianceada.com/ada/chairman.html
  4. ^ http://www.forbes.com/profile/edmund-ansin/
  5. ^ http://www.petrofac.com/about/people-in-petrofac/senior-management/ayman-asfari.aspx
  6. ^ http://www.forbes.com/profile/lee-bass/
  7. ^ http://www.bobsguide.com/guide/news/2013/Dec/3/lord-blackwell-appointed-lloyds-banking-group-chairman.html
  8. ^ http://www.commonwealthfund.org/publications/press-releases/2014/aug/blutt
  9. ^ http://www.mercasid.com.do/ingles/i_ne04.html
  10. ^ http://www.cablecenter.org/honorary-board-of-directors/item/julian-brodsky.html
  11. ^ http://www.macworld.com/article/1165121/apple_hires_john_browett_as_new_svp_for_retail_stores.html
  12. ^ http://www.bloomberg.com/research/stocks/people/person.asp?personId=1570528&ticker=K
  13. ^ http://www.forbes.com/profile/charles-butt/
  14. ^ http://www.wharton.upenn.edu/125anniversaryissue/civita.html
  15. ^ A Medical Calling Redirected: Arthur D. Collins, ‘‘Wharton School’’, 03-16-2007
  16. ^ http://www.pridco.gobierno.pr/who-we-are/staff/Pages/Antonio-L-Medina-Comas.aspx
  17. ^ He Made Airlines Fly Higher: Robert L. Crandall, ‘‘Wharton School’’, 03-16-2007
  18. ^ Sysco CEO, President and Director: William J. DeLaney, ‘‘Bloomberg Businessweek’’, 05-12-2013
  19. ^ http://www.remy-cointreau.com/fr/groupe/remy-cointreau/gouvernement-dentreprise/
  20. ^ He Delivers for UPS: Michael L. Eskew, ‘‘Wharton School’’, 03-16-2007
  21. ^ Flying High at US Airways: Rakesh Gangwal, ‘‘Wharton School’’, 10-21-1998
  22. ^ http://www.marketingshift.com/people/entrepreneurs/russel-fradin.cfm
  23. ^ http://www.digitalbridgellc.com/company-overview/team/marc-ganzi
  24. ^ a b http://www.frequency.com/video/billionaire-bob-goergen-ceo-blyth-inc/13510870/-/5-618901
  25. ^ Profile: Charles ‘Chip’ Goodyear, ‘‘The Guardian’’, 09-14-2009
  26. ^ Alex Gorsky, Chairman and CEO of Johnson & Johnson, to Keynote 2013 Wharton School MBA for Executives, ‘‘Wharton School’’, 03-12-2013
  27. ^ http://www.bloomberg.com/research/stocks/private/snapshot.asp?privcapId=21465
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  29. ^ http://www.kilmerhouse.com/2009/07/even-more-facts-you-didnt-know-about-jj/
  30. ^ http://www.wharton.upenn.edu/125anniversaryissue/huntsman.html
  31. ^ http://www.cio.in/ceo-interviews/it-s-power-play
  32. ^ http://www.macobserver.com/tmo/article/laurene-powell-jobs-28th-wealthiest-american-4th-richest-american-woman
  33. ^ The Business Leader as Statesman: Reginald H. Jones, ‘‘Wharton School’’, 03-16-2007
  34. ^ A Plainspoken Leader for Philips: Gerard Kleisterlee, ‘‘Wharton School’’, 03-16-2007
  35. ^ Forward Thinker for a Japanese/American Venture: Yotaro Kobayashi, ‘‘Wharton School’’, 03-16-2007
  36. ^ http://www.businessinterviews.com/richard-koch/
  37. ^ http://www.elcompanies.com/Pages/The-Lauder-Family.aspx
  38. ^ http://www.wharton.upenn.edu/125anniversaryissue/lindemann.html
  39. ^ http://www.wharton.upenn.edu/125anniversaryissue/lipton.html
  40. ^ http://www.bloomberg.com/research/stocks/people/person.asp?personId=314314&ticker=MWV
  41. ^ http://www.forbes.com/profile/keshub-mahindra/
  42. ^ Matthew Brodsky, Hungry for a Sweeter Workplace?, Wharton Magazine, Winter 2015
  43. ^ Billionaire Families: Mars - $60.0 Billion, Forbes, 07-09-2014
  44. ^ Universal Health Services Founder and CEO: Universal Health Services, Fox Business, 03-26-2013
  45. ^ http://www.wharton.upenn.edu/125anniversaryissue/mittal.html
  46. ^ http://ww2.cfo.com/human-capital-careers/2006/07/sears-taps-monaghan-as-cfo/
  47. ^ https://www.crunchbase.com/person/peter-e-murphy
  48. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/delhi-times/Nikhil-Nanda-The-business-of-life/articleshow/13296381.cms
  49. ^ General Dynamics Executive Team: Chairman and CEO Phebe N. Novakovic, ‘‘General Dynamics’’, 03-22-2014
  50. ^ http://www.wharton.upenn.edu/125anniversaryissue/pangilinan.html
  51. ^ https://www.trianpartners.com/team-members/nelson-peltz/
  52. ^ http://pmc.com/about-us/person/jay-penske/
  53. ^ http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/story/195206/economy/san-miguel-corp-buys-51-stake-in-ausphil-tollways
  54. ^ http://www.pennmedicine.org/perelman/giving/perelman.html
  55. ^ http://www.wharton.upenn.edu/125anniversaryissue/perelman.html
  56. ^ https://www.lds.org/church/leader/anthony-d-perkins?lang=eng
  57. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2004/03/30/business/30PISZX.html
  58. ^ http://www.whartonhongkong07.com/bio-s-chao.html
  59. ^ Boeing Chairman Platt Talks Trust Again, ‘‘Forbes’’, 05-03-2005
  60. ^ Consumer Research Pioneer: J.D. Power, ‘‘Wharton School’’, 03-16-2007
  61. ^ Pfizer CEO and Chairman: Edmund T. Pratt, ‘‘Pfizer: Gallery of Leaders’’, 12-08-2013
  62. ^ http://theeconomiccollapseblog.com/archives/billionaire-issues-chilling-warning-about-interest-rate-derivatives
  63. ^ http://www.wharton.upenn.edu/125anniversaryissue/b_roberts.html
  64. ^ http://www.wharton.upenn.edu/125anniversaryissue/r_roberts.html
  65. ^ http://ir.kla-tencor.com/releasedetail.cfm?ReleaseID=30048
  66. ^ Biography: John Sculley, ‘‘A&E Television Networks, LLC: Biographies’’, 07-12-2008
  67. ^ Marketing Genius for Pepsi and Apple: John Sculley, ‘‘Wharton School’’, 03-16-2007
  68. ^ King of the Start-ups at Franklin Mint and QVC: Joseph M. Segel, ‘‘Wharton School’’, 03-16-2007
  69. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/1984/03/20/obituaries/andres-soriano-jr-58-dies-was-philippine-industrialist.html
  70. ^ http://www.wharton.upenn.edu/125anniversaryissue/srinivasan.html
  71. ^ http://www.wharton.upenn.edu/125anniversaryissue/stouffer.html
  72. ^ http://www.taruntahiliani.com/about-tarun
  73. ^ http://www.thinkbrg.com/professionals-david-teece.html
  74. ^ Joseph Wharton Award for Leadership: James S. Tisch, ‘‘Wharton Alumni Club of New York’’, 10-29-2008
  75. ^ http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article/al-shirawis-navin-valrani-decisions-are-made-at-lightning-speed/
  76. ^ Chairman Emeritus at Northwest Airlines Corporation: Gary Wilson, ‘’CrunchBase’’, 11-13-2012
  77. ^ Forbes Faces: William Wrigley, ‘‘Forbes’’, 02-23-2001
  78. ^ http://articles.philly.com/2010-08-04/news/24971054_1_snack-cheez-doodles-borden
  79. ^ Chairman and CEO of Deutsche Post: Klaus Zumwinkel, ‘‘Encyclopedia of Business, 2nd ed’’, 07-18-2013
  80. ^ "Master Investor: Ronald O. Perelman". Wharton School. March 23, 2007. 
  81. ^ http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article/sharing-the-wealth-leonard-abess-and-the-60-million-gift-to-his-employees/
  82. ^ http://www.businessinsider.com.au/cliff-asness-tax-op-ed-2013-1
  83. ^ http://www.wharton.upenn.edu/125anniversaryissue/aziz.html
  84. ^ President of NASDAQ: Alfred Berkeley, ‘‘Forbes’’, 04-14-2008
  85. ^ http://uk.reuters.com/article/2013/12/02/uk-lloyds-chairman-idUKBRE9B10FN20131202
  86. ^ https://www.blackstone.com/the-firm/overview/our-people/david-s-blitzer
  87. ^ H&R Block Newsroom: Richard A. Bloch, ‘‘H&R Block’’, 02-10-1997
  88. ^ "Executive Profile: Geoffrey T. Boisi". Bloomberg Businessweek. April 12, 2010. 
  89. ^ "Geoffrey T. Boisi: Visionary Investment Banker". Wharton School. August 16, 2007. 
  90. ^ The Most Powerful Trader on Wall Street You’ve Never Heard Of, ‘‘Bloomberg Businessweek’’, 07-20-2003
  91. ^ http://www.bloomberg.com/research/stocks/people/person.asp?personId=29251298&ticker=ZENITHBA:NL
  92. ^ http://whartonmagazine.com/issues/fall-2013/karen-finerman/
  93. ^ http://www.whartonny.com/article.html?aid=1587
  94. ^ http://www.bloomberg.com/research/stocks/private/person.asp?personId=1373697&privcapId=9376091&previousCapId=23563&previousTitle=Trident%2520Capital,%2520Inc.
  95. ^ http://executivemba.wharton.upenn.edu/alumni-post/alumni-impact-financial-services/
  96. ^ http://www.cftc.gov/About/Commissioners/GaryGensler/index.htm
  97. ^ http://www.bloomberg.com/research/stocks/people/person.asp?personId=603254&ticker=PMC&previousCapId=&previousTitle=
  98. ^ http://www.bloomberg.com/research/stocks/private/person.asp?personId=5114539&privcapId=20117&previousCapId=20117&previousTitle=Warburg%2520Pincus%2520LLC
  99. ^ http://www.forbes.com/sites/walterpavlo/2012/09/24/government-witness-rajiv-goel-gets-probation-in-galleon-insider-case/
  100. ^ http://www.gurufocus.com/news/3978/joel-greenblatt-the-results-revealed
  101. ^ http://www.blackstone.com/the-firm/overview/our-people/jonathan-d-gray
  102. ^ http://www.wri.org/profile/james-harmon
  103. ^ http://www.agm.com/OurTeam/Corporate_Leadership/JoshuaHarris.aspx
  104. ^ MetLife President and COO C. Robert Henrikson Re-elected Chair of Huebner Foundation, ‘‘Business Wire’’, 11-28-2005
  105. ^ Wharton Entrepreneurship Alumni Impact: Vernon Hill, ‘‘Wharton Entrepreneurship’’, 10-07-2011
  106. ^ http://thepenngazette.com/a-new-sheriff-in-the-old-town/
  107. ^ BlackRock President, Director and Founder: Robert S. Kapito, ‘‘Wharton Alumni Club of New York’’, 09-17-2009
  108. ^ http://www.forbes.com/profile/josh-kopelman/
  109. ^ http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/bc8a5058-3fc9-11e2-9f71-00144feabdc0.html#axzz3UMLiitnx
  110. ^ http://www.sri.com/about/people/henry-kressel
  111. ^ http://www.bloomberg.com/research/stocks/people/person.asp?personId=104962&ticker=CALAQ
  112. ^ http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article/building-brickwork-how-a-former-government-official-found-his-entrepreneurial-niche/
  113. ^ http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2012-09-18/romney-backer-leder-made-sun-capital-fortune-fixing-retailers
  114. ^ http://www.dfjfrontier.com/scott.shtml
  115. ^ "School News". The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. Retrieved July 18, 2014. 
  116. ^ The Intelligent Investor, 2003, Commentary on the Introduction
  117. ^ "AJCU: Peter Lynch". AJCU. Retrieved 15 October 2013. 
  118. ^ http://www.forbes.com/profile/william-macaulay/
  119. ^ A Publishing Giant Goes Digital: Harold W. McGraw, ‘‘Wharton School’’, 03-16-2007
  120. ^ a b http://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424052702304337404579209950328966242 Wall Street Journal: Yuri Milner
  121. ^ Ken Moelis: Founder of Moelis & Company, ‘‘Bloomberg’’, 08-10-2009
  122. ^ http://www.wharton.upenn.edu/125anniversaryissue/moritz.html
  123. ^ http://www.bloomberg.com/research/stocks/people/person.asp?personId=248202756&ticker=MBUU&previousCapId=4289434&previousTitle=MALIBU%20BOATS%20INC%20-%20A
  124. ^ Och-Ziff Capital Management: Daniel Och, ‘‘The Richest’’, 03-04-2013
  125. ^ http://www.whartondubai09.com/bio-farouk.html
  126. ^ http://www.bloomberg.com/research/stocks/people/person.asp?personId=296646&ticker=142:HK
  127. ^ http://www.bloomberg.com/research/stocks/people/person.asp?personId=7337242&ticker=XCRP
  128. ^ http://www.forbes.com/profile/nelson-peltz/
  129. ^ https://philanthropy.com/article/No-6-Raymond-GRuth-C/157229
  130. ^ http://www.forbes.com/profile/ronald-perelman/
  131. ^ http://www.forbes.com/lists/2008/10/billionaires08_Richard-Perry_8LCK.html
  132. ^ http://www.weforum.org/contributors/douglas-l-peterson
  133. ^ Morgan Stanley Executive Profile: Ruth Porat, ‘‘Bloomberg BusinessWeek’’, 09-15-2014
  134. ^ Forbes: The World's Billionaires - Larry Robbins August 2014
  135. ^ http://www.forbes.com/profile/michael-steinhardt/
  136. ^ An Understated Integrator for UBS AG: Peter A. Wuffli, ‘‘Wharton School’’, 03-16-2007
  137. ^ a b He Won’t Back Down: Elon Musk, ‘‘Wharton School’’, 09-01-2010
  138. ^ a b Entrepreneur Elon Musk: Why It’s Important to Pinch Pennies on the Road to Riches, ‘‘Knowledge@Wharton’’, 03-27-2009
  139. ^ a b SpaceX Leadership: Elon Musk, ‘‘SpaceX’’, 11-21-2011
  140. ^ a b Founder of Zynga: Mark Pincus, ‘‘Bloomberg Businessweek’’, 02-27-2014
  141. ^ http://www.whartondc.com/article.html?aid=314
  142. ^ Len Bosack, Co-Founder of Cisco Systems, ‘‘Wharton Entrepreneurship Club’’, 12-04-2011
  143. ^ Oracle’s President and CFO: Safra Catz, ‘‘Wharton School’’, 03-16-2007
  144. ^ https://www.crunchbase.com/person/bill-conner-2
  145. ^ https://www.crunchbase.com/person/gary-culliss
  146. ^ http://www.oracle.com/us/corporate/press/Spokespeople/016331.htm
  147. ^ http://investing.businessweek.com/Research/stocks/private/person.asp?personId=44002070&privcapId=3169489
  148. ^ http://history-computer.com/People/EckertBio.html
  149. ^ http://whartonmagazine.com/issues/winter-2008/wharton-leader-sharon-fordham-wg%E2%80%9977/
  150. ^ https://www.crunchbase.com/person/marcos-galperin
  151. ^ "University of Pennsylvania: Famous Alumni". Retrieved 2012. 
  152. ^ http://www.forbes.com/sites/bradhandler/
  153. ^ http://www.crh-associates.com/founder/
  154. ^ http://venturebeatprofiles.com/person/eric-hertz/
  155. ^ https://www.crunchbase.com/person/steve-ives
  156. ^ http://www.bloomberg.com/research/stocks/people/person.asp?personId=400348&ticker=USAT&previousCapId=7668333&previousTitle=TNS%2520INC
  157. ^ https://www.crunchbase.com/person/mark-kingdon
  158. ^ http://www.wharton.upenn.edu/125anniversaryissue/kopelman.html
  159. ^ http://www.bloomberg.com/research/stocks/private/person.asp?personId=5864642&privcapId=5864635&previousCapId=23563&previousTitle=Trident%20Capital,%20Inc.
  160. ^ http://www.manhattan-institute.org/html/manzi.htm
  161. ^ http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article/saps-bill-mcdermott-the-future-of-enterprise-software/
  162. ^ https://angel.co/johan-neerman
  163. ^ http://whartonmagazine.com/ben-nelson/
  164. ^ Devices with Minimal Invasion, Maximum Benefit: Peter M. Nicholas, ‘‘Wharton School’’, 03-16-2007
  165. ^ https://www.crunchbase.com/person/anthony-noto
  166. ^ http://www.termometropolitico.it/32457_finmeccanica-arrestato-amministratore-delegato-giuseppe-orsi.html
  167. ^ Helft, Miguel (April 28, 2014). "The Dawn of the Chrome Age". Fortune 169 (6): 87. 
  168. ^ A Gentleman in Silicon Valley: Lewis E. Platt, ‘‘Wharton School’’, 03-16-2007
  169. ^ http://www.economistinsights.com/speaker/4805
  170. ^ http://www.thetechy.com/interviews-top-100-tech-indians/sashi-reddi-founder-and-ceo-sri-capital
  171. ^ http://whartonmagazine.com/ben-relles/
  172. ^ http://whartonmagazine.com/issues/fall-2005/josh-resnick-wg93/
  173. ^ http://www.crunchbase.com/person/rich-riley
  174. ^ Biography: John Sculley, ‘‘A&E Television Networks, LLC: Biographies’’, 07-12-2008
  175. ^ http://www.mobygames.com/developer/sheet/view/developerId,989/
  176. ^ http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=conewsstory&tkr=ADPT:US&sid=ae7.yznMn2xE
  177. ^ James L. Vincent Helped Turn Biotech into a Winner, ‘‘The Boston Globe’’, 12-16-2013
  178. ^ http://www.crunchbase.com/person/jeff-weiner
  179. ^ http://www.forbes.com/profile/fred-wilson/
  180. ^ Janice Bellace: History of Singapore Management University, ‘‘Singapore Management University’’, 10-17-2010
  181. ^ Charlie Savage and Ben White. Bailout role elevates U.S. official. The New York Times, Oct. 8, 2008. Accessed Dec. 30, 2013.
  182. ^ Kantor, Jodi (November 11, 2011). "Leaving Obama’s Shadow, to Cast One of His Own". The New York Times. p. A24. Retrieved April 23, 2014. 
  183. ^ "Thomas R. Mechler". intelius.com. Retrieved March 17, 2015. 
  184. ^ "Ralph K.M. Haurwitz, UT's 'Mr. Anonymous' a force behind research: Peter O'Donnell, Jr., wife have given more than $135 million for science, engineering efforts, July 4, 2010". Austin American-Statesman. Retrieved September 12, 2013. 
  185. ^ Thomas, Robert McG., Jr. "Charles Wall, 91, Long Director Of George Washington's Home", The New York Times, May 5, 1995. Accessed July 23, 2010.
  186. ^ Who is Laura Lang, Time Inc’s New CEO?, ‘‘Advertising Age’’, 11-30-2011
  187. ^ "Obituary of Gerald S. Lestz". Lancaster Newspapers, Inc. Retrieved 2009-09-21. 
  188. ^ Dreamer Behind a Born in Brooklyn Empire: Laurence A. Tisch, ‘‘Wharton School’’, 03-16-2007
  189. ^ "Washington Post" – "Maxed Out' Man James Scurlock, Right on the Money"