Because of a history dating back to 1793 and a consistent reputation as a leading institution of higher learning, there is a long
list of - students who attended the school and achieved notability in a wide variety of fields. Williams College people [1 ] [2 ]
Academia [ edit ]
Richard T. Antoun, 1953 – anthropologist specializing in Islamic and Middle Eastern studies who was murdered in 2009 by a graduate student at Binghamton University [3 ] [4 ]
John Bascom, 1849 – Williams professor and president of the University of Wisconsin–Madison; namesake of Williams' Bascom House and Bascom Lodge atop Mount Greylock [5 ]
Bernard Bailyn, 1945 – early American historian and professor at Harvard University [6 ]
James Phinney Baxter III, 1914 – president of Williams College from 1937–1961 and winner of the Pulitzer Prize for History in 1947; namesake of Williams' Baxter Fellow residential program [7 ] [8 ]
Michael Beschloss 1977, called "the nation's leading presidential historian" by Newsweek.
Julian Charles Boyd 1952, American linguist, reputed for his expertise on modality in English, as well as for his pedagogical excellence at the University of California, Berkeley, where he spent most of his academic career as Professor of English and Director of the English Language Program.
Sterling Allen Brown 1922, African-American teacher, literary critic, and poet.
James MacGregor Burns 1939, Pulitzer Prize winning author.
Paul Chadbourne 1848, President of University of Wisconsin, Williams College, and University of Massachusetts. [9 ]
Dan Cohn-Sherbok, Rabbi and Professor of Jewish Theology, University of Wales, Lampeter
Robert Coombe 1970, Chancellor, University of Denver.
Albert Hewett Coons 1933, Professor of Pathology & Immunology at Harvard Medical School; Recipient of 1959 Albert Lasker Award.
Allison Davis 1924, sociologist.
John Aubrey Davis, Sr. 1933, political science professor and civil rights activist instrumental to the Brown vs. Board of Education legal team.
Anna Christina De Ozorio Nobre 1985, Professor of Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Oxford.
Daniel Drezner 1990, Professor at Tufts University, political commentator
Amos Eaton 1799, co-founder, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Robert F. Engle 1964, won the 2003 Nobel Prize in Economics "for methods of analyzing economic time series with time-varying volatility" ( ARCH models) and holds the Armellino Chair at New York University (NYU). He graduated with Highest Honors in Physics.
Willard F. Enteman 1959, former president of Bowdoin College
S. Lane Faison 1929, art historian.
Kristin Forbes 1992, Associate Professor of International Management at the MIT Sloan School of Management and Member, Council of Economic Advisers (confirmed by the United States Senate in 2003, she is the youngest person to ever hold this position).
Theodore Friend 1952, former president of Swarthmore College.
Keith Griffin 1960, former president of Magdalen College, Oxford.
Edward Gramlich 1961, economics professor at University of Michigan and member of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve.
Henry Hopkins 1858, President of Williams College.
Mark Hopkins 1824. According to former U.S. president James A. Garfield (see below), "Give me a log hut, with only a simple bench, Mark Hopkins on one end and I on the other, and you may have all the buildings...", often misquoted as '...a log, with Mark Hopkins on one end and me on the other..."
Catharine Hill 1976, president of Vassar College
James Willard Hurst 1932, founder of the modern field of American legal history.
Thomas H. Jackson 1972, President of University of Rochester, 1994–2005
Harry Pratt Judson 1870, President of the University of Chicago, 1906-1923
Walter Kaufmann 1941, philosopher, poet, and translator.
Alvin Kernan 1949, educator (Williams, Yale, Princeton), author and historian.
Leonard Woods Labaree 1920, chair of the history department at Yale and Connecticut State Historian.
Frederick M. Lawrence 1977, President, Brandeis University, former Dean, George Washington University Law School.
Roger Sherman Loomis 1909, medieval and Arthurian literature scholar.
James Maas 1961, Professor of Psychology at Cornell and leading sleep researcher.
Curtis T. McMullen 1980, Professor of Mathematics at Harvard and winner of the 1998 Fields Medal for his work in complex dynamics.
Barrington Moore Jr. 1936, leading figure in Comparative Politics and professor at Harvard.
Richard Murnane 1966, economist and the Juliana W. and William Foss Thompson Professor of Education and Society at the Harvard Graduate School of Education.
Daniel Muzyka 1975, Dean of the Sauder School of Business at the University of British Columbia.
Stewart Myers 1967, Professor of Financial Economics at the MIT Sloan School of Management.
William Ouchi 1965, American professor and author in the field of business management.
Arthur Latham Perry 1852, economist.
Earl Potter III 1968, President of St. Cloud State University.
Eric Reeves 1972, Sudan scholar.
Thomas Hedley Reynolds 1942, 5th President of Bates College.
David Ruder 1951, Professor and former Dean, Northwestern University School of Law, and former Chairman of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
Bruce Russett 1956, Professor of Political Science Yale University, leading figure in International Relations.
James C. Scott 1958, Sterling Professor of Political Science and director of Agrarian Studies at Yale.
Francis H. Snow 1868, Chancellor of University of Kansas.
Clayton Spencer 1977, President of Bates College, 2011–present.
Herbert Stein 1935, former Chair, Council of Economic Advisers (and father of Ben Stein).
Lester Thurow 1960, the Jerome and Dorothy Lemelson Professor of Management and Economics, and former Dean (1987–1993), MIT Sloan School of Management.
Richard Warch 1961, president of Lawrence University.
Actors, artists, and cinema [ edit ]
Sebastian Arcelus 1999, film and theater actor.
Purva Bedi 1996, film and television actress.
Charles William Brackett 1915, Academy Award-winning screenwriter and President of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.
Monique Curnen 1992, film and television actress.
Gordon Clapp 1971, Emmy Award-winning actor on NYPD Blue.
Bud Collyer, radio actor and game show host.
Walker Evans 1926, noted photographer, especially for the Farm Securities Administration during the Great Depression; dropped out after his freshman year.
Keith Fowler, faculty, 1964-1968, artistic director of the Virginia Museum Theater, the American Revels Company, and theater professor at the University of California, Irvine.
John Frankenheimer 1951, director of and other notable films. The Manchurian Candidate
Crispin Freeman 1994, voice actor.
Saxton Freymann 1980, artist.
Max Gail 1965, actor.
A.R. Gurney 1952, playwright, The Dining Room and Sylvia.
Jason Hehir 1998, documentary director.
Tao Ho 1960, architect.
Wendy W. Jacob 1980, artist.
Liza Johnson 1992, film director and professor of art.
David Bar Katz 1989, Emmy and Tony-nominated theater and television writer and director.
Elia Kazan 1931, writer and Oscar-winning director of Gentleman's Agreement and On the Waterfront as well as A Streetcar Named Desire and other major films.
Leslie Keno 1979, appraiser for Antiques Roadshow and furniture designer.
Art Lande 1968, jazz pianist.
Nick Lyle 1981, Artist
Iñigo Manglano-Ovalle 1983, artist.
Ralph Eugene Meatyard Attended 1943-44, photographer.
Carolyn McCormick 1981, actress.
Andy McElfresh 1985, screenwriter and writer / director for The Tonight Show.
Meleko Mokgosi 2007, artist and first winner of the Hammer Museum's Mohn Award.
Richard Murphy (screenwriter) 1934, Academy Award-nominated screenwriter.
Barbara Prey 1979, watercolor artist and member, National Council on the Arts.
John Sayles 1972, Hollywood genre writer and director of a number of independent films including and Lone Star . Eight Men Out
Peter Simon, stage and television actor.
Stephen Sondheim 1950, composer and lyricist for stage and screen and one of the most popular composers in Broadway musical history.
Fletcher Steele 1907, landscape architect.
Paul Stekler 1974, documentarian.
Jon Stone 1952, writer, director and co-creator of Sesame Street.
David Strathairn 1970, Oscar-nominated actor. Performed in , Sneakers , Dolores Claiborne , Memphis Belle , and L.A. Confidential . Good Night, and Good Luck
Paul Stupin 1979, television and film producer.
Ken Talley 1982 Hubbard Hutchinson Fellowship; dancer, Lewitzky Dance Co 1985–1995. David Turner 1997, Broadway actor.
Leehom Wang 1998, Singer, songwriter, actor, director.
Martha Williamson 1977, Producer, Touched by an Angel.
Frederick Wiseman 1951, director of and other documentaries. Titicut Follies
Camille Utterback 1992, interactive installation artist and MacArthur Foundations "genius award" winner.
Mayda Del Valle 2000, Broadway actress , winner Def Jam Poets National Slam Poetry".
Sebastian Arcelus1999,Broadway actor,actor, [10 ]
Business [ edit ]
Javed Ahmed 1982, Chief Executive, Tate & Lyle.
Herbert A. Allen, Jr. 1962, President and Chief Executive Officer of Allen & Company, a privately held investment firm and host of a storied annual media conference in Sun Valley, Idaho.
Charles Tracy Barney 1858, President of the Knickerbocker Trust Company, a prominent New York trust which failed in the Panic of 1907.
Edgar Bronfman, Sr. 1950, Chairman and CEO of Seagram Company Inc (the international beverage conglomerate and parent company of Warner Music and Universal Pictures). Colin Brown 1971, President and CEO of
JM Family Enterprises (Diversified automotive company based in Deerfield Beach, Fla.) [11 ]
Bruce Bullen 1970, American government and health care executive; former CEO of Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, Inc.
Steve Case 1980, founder and former CEO of America Online.
Peter Currie 1978, president of Currie Capital and former CFO of Netscape.
Edward Cabot Clark 1831, corporate attorney and co-founder with Isaac Singer of the Singer Manufacturing Company, in New York.
John D'Agostino (financial services) 1997, youngest VP in history of New York Mercantile Exchange, and subject of the Ben Mezrich book Rigged, the True Story of an Ivy League Kid who Changed the World of Oil.
Val DeFebo 1984, CEO, Deutsch NY.
Paul Fitchen 1922, Federal Reserve Bank.
Chase Coleman 1997 is founder and president of Tiger Global Management.
E. Mandell de Windt 1943, former CEO of Eaton Corp.
Michael R. Eisenson 1977, founder and CEO of Charlesbank Capital Partners
James A. Fieber 1976, founder and CEO of the Fieber Group LLC, a real estate private equity firm in Connecticut.
Neil Fiske 1984, President and CEO of Eddie Bauer.
William Foote, Chairman and CEO of USG Corp.
Chuck Fruit 1969, Chief Marketing Officer and Senior Vice President of Coca-Cola.
Richard Georgi 1987, founder and managing partner of Grove International Partners.
David Gow 1985, owner and chairman of Gow Broadcasting and Yahoo Sports Radio.
Lancaster M Greene 1922, stockbroker.
Ole Andreas Halvorsen 1986 is founder and chief investment officer of Viking Global Investors.
Willem J. "Hans" Humes 1987, Founder and chief investment officer of Greylock Capital Management, LLC Daniel Kaufman 1990, Co-Founder Direct-Revenue internet Pop-Up Ad Company.
William Klopman 1943, former CEO of Burlington Industries.
James B. Lee 1975, Vice Chairman of JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A.
Herbert H. Lehman 1899, co-founder and former CEO of Lehman Brothers Investment Bank, Governor and U.S Senator for New York.
Robert I. Lipp 1960, Chairman and CEO of Travelers Property Casualty Corp. James D. Marver, 1972 Co-Founder of Vantage Point Venture Partners
Barry McCarthy 1975, venture capitalist and former CFO of Netflix.
John B. McCoy 1965, former CEO of Bank One.
Ajata "AJ" Mediratta 1987, Senior Portfolio Manager at Greylock Capital Management, LLC.
Mariam Naficy 1991, founder and CEO of Eve.com and Minted.
Robert Nutting 1983, Chairman of the Board and Principal Owner, Pittsburgh Pirates, Chairman and CEO, Odgen Newspapers and Nutting Newspapers.
Clarence Otis, Jr. 1977, CEO of Darden Restaurants. Stephen D. Paine 1954, founding partner of
Wellington Management Company, LLP
Patrick S. Parker 1951, former CEO and Chairman of Parker Hannifin.
Bo Peabody 1994, founder of Tripod (sold to Lycos in 1998 for $64 million) and Chairman of Village Ventures.
Leigh Perkins 1950, president of Orvis Co. Addison ("Tad") Piper 1968, former CEO of Piper Jaffray & Co.
Joseph L. Rice III 1954, founder of Clayton, Dubilier & Rice, Inc., one of the oldest and most respected private equity investment firms in the world (and Trustee Emeritus of Williams College). Robert Rich 1963, president of Rich Products Corp.
Bob Scott 1968, former President of
Mayo Shattuck III 1976, President and CEO of Constellation Energy Group and former Chairman of Alex Brown, LLC.
Jeff Sher Managing Partner of Fizer Beck.
Walter V. Shipley 1957, former president of Chemical Bank.
Henry R. Silverman 1961, Chairman and CEO of Cendant Corporation. Willa Black 1982, Director of Marketing Cisco Systems Inc.
Edson Spencer 1948, former chairman of Honeywell, Inc.
George Steinbrenner 1952, owner of the New York Yankees
Hal Steinbrenner 1991, principal owner, managing general partner and co-chairman of the New York Yankees
Jamie Tarses 1985, former President, ABC Entertainment.
Mark Tercek 1979, President and CEO, The Nature Conservancy.
Frederick Ferris Thompson 1854, bank founder.
Peter Willmott 1959, former president and Chief Operating Officer of FedEx, former C.E.O. of Carson Pirie Scott and Zenith Electronics. Chairman of the Children's Memorial Hospital, Chicago.
Selim Zilkha 1946, entrepreneur and philanthropist.
Chris Zook 1973, business writer and head of Bain & Company's Global Strategy Practice.
Curators and museum directors [ edit ]
Many were trained and deeply inspired by Whitney S. Stoddard and
S. Lane Faison, who headed the art history department at Williams from 1940 to 1969.
Brent Benjamin, 1986, Director
St. Louis Art Museum. Robert Buck, 1961, Director,
John W. Coffey, 1978, Deputy Director, North Carolina Museum of Art.
Michael Govan, 1985, Director, Los Angeles County Museum of Art. Laura Steward Heon 1998, Director
SITE Santa Fe. Laura Hoptman 1983, Curator, Department of Painting and Sculpture,
Museum of Modern Art.
Sam Hunter 1943, Founding Director, Rose Art Museum, Director, Jewish Museum.
Thomas Krens 1969, Director Guggenheim Museums Worldwide. John R. Lane 1966, Director
Dallas Museum of Art.
Glenn D. Lowry 1976, Director of the Museum of Modern Art, New York City.
Roger Mandle 1963, Executive Director of Qatar Museums Authority, formerly Deputy Director and Chief Curator, National Gallery of Art and President, RISD. C. Griffith Mann 1991, Deputy Director and Chief Curator, Cleveland Museum of Art.
Lisa Melandri 1997 (M.A.), Director, Contemporary Art Museum St. Louis.
Shamim M. Momin 1995, head of Los Angeles Nomadic Division and Adjunct Curator for Whitney Museum of Art. Sarah Newman 1995, Curator of Contemporary Art,
Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
Charles Percy Parkhurst 1935, Direct of the Baltimore Museum of Art, Chief Curator of the National Gallery of Art, and one of the "monuments men." Jim Pilgrim 1963, former Deputy Director of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Earl A. Powell III 1966, Director of the National Gallery of Art 1992–present.
Phillip Prodger 1990, Curator of Photography, Peabody Essex Museum James Rondeau 1994, Curator of Contemporary Art,
Art Institute of Chicago Nancy Spector 1984 (M.A.), Deputy Director and Chief Curator, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum.
Joseph C. Thompson 1981, Director,
Kirk Varnedoe 1968, Chief Curator of painting and sculpture, Museum of Modern Art, until his death in 2003. John Wetenhall 1982 (M.A.), President of the
Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh. Arthur K. Wheelock Jr. 1965, Curator of Northern Baroque painting,
National Gallery of Art
James N. Wood 1963, Former Director and President of the Art Institute of Chicago (1980–2004); December 2006: Named President and CEO of the J. Paul Getty Trust. [12 ] Charles Wylie 1986 (M.A.), Curator of Contemporary Art,
Dallas Museum of Art.
Government officials and political notables [ edit ]
Ambassadors, diplomats, and bureaucrats [ edit ]
Janet Brown 1973, Executive Director,
Commission on Presidential Debates.
Henry Catto 1952, United States Information Agency director and former ambassador to Britain.
Charles Burke Elbrick 1929, Career Ambassador
James Gilfillan 1856, thirteenth Treasurer of the United States.
Donald Gregg 1951, former national security advisor to Vice President Bush and Ambassador to South Korea, currently President and Chairman of the Korea Society.
Richard Helms 1935, former Central Intelligence Agency director and ambassador to Iran.
Kim Kyung-Won 1959, former South Korean Ambassador to the United States (1985–88) and Ambassador to the United Nations (1982–85), currently President of the Seoul Institute for Social Sciences
Takayuki Kimura 1964, director of cultural affairs, Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Arthur Levitt Jr. 1952, Chairman of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, 1993–2001.
John J. Louis, Jr. 1949, Ambassador to the United Kingdom.
William Green Miller, United States Ambassador to Ukraine from 1993 to 1998.
Richard Moe 1959, Chief of Staff for Vice President Walter Mondale and President of the National Trust for Historic Preservation.
Matthew Nimetz 1960, American diplomat.
Phelps Phelps 1922, Ambassador to Dominican Republic and 38th Governor of American Samoa.
Ganson Purcell 1927, Chairman of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, 1942-1946.
Susan Schwab 1976, United States Trade Representative (2006–2009), former Dean, University of Maryland School of Public Policy
Mitchell Reiss 1979, senior American diplomat and former Director of Policy Planning at the United States Department of State
Rodolphe M. "Skip" Vallee 1983, Ambassador to the Slovak Republic (2005–2007)
Douglas H. Shulman 1989, Commissioner of Internal Revenue.
Paul A. Trivelli 1974, United States Ambassador to Nicaragua from 2005-2008.
David W. Wilcox 1980, Director of U.S. Economic Research at the Federal Reserve.
Governors and state politicians [ edit ]
Don Beyer 1972, Lieutenant Governor of Virginia and Ambassador to Switzerland (2009–present).
Arne Carlson 1957, 37th governor of the state of Minnesota. [13 ]
Martha Coakley 1975, Attorney General of Massachusetts.
Sanford Dole 1867, governor of Territory of Hawaii.
Alfred E. Driscoll 1925, 60th governor of the state of New Jersey. [14 ]
Joseph B. Ely 1902, 58th governor of the state of Massachusetts. [15 ]
Philip Hoff 1948, 73rd governor of the state of Vermont. [16 ]
Henry Hoyt 1849, 18th governor of the state of Pennsylvania. [17 ]
Herbert H. Lehman 1899, 49th governor of the state of New York and a co-founder of Lehman Brothers. [18 ]
John G. McMynn 1848, Superintendent of Public Instruction of Wisconsin, educator.
Chap Petersen 1990, 2008 Virginia State Senator 34th District, 2005 candidate for Lieutenant Governor of Virginia.
Phelps Phelps, 38th Governor of American Samoa and United States Ambassador to the Dominican Republic (d. 1981)
John S. Robinson (governor) 1824, 22nd Governor of Vermont. [19 ]
Bill Simon 1973, two-time California gubernatorial candidate.
Bruce Sundlun 1946, 69th Rhode Island Governor. [20 ]
Walker Stapleton 1996, Colorado State Treasurer
Nathaniel Tallmadge 1814, last governor of the Territory of Wisconsin.
Gilbert Carlton Walker 1854, 43rd governor of the state of Virginia. [21 ]
Emory Washburn 1817, 27th governor of the state of Massachusetts. [22 ]
Charles S. Whitman 1890, 44th governor of the state of New York.
Charles Williams 1800, 20th governor of the state of Vermont. [23 ]
William Durkee Williamson 1804, 2nd governor of the state of Maine. [24 ]
James Miller (general) 1803, first Governor of Arkansas Territory, and a Brigadier General in the United States Army during the War of 1812 [25 ]
Legislature [ edit ]
Elisha Hunt Allen 1823, Maine First Congressional District (1841–1843). [26 ]
Chester Ashley 1811(?), Arkansas Senator (1844–1848). [27 ]
Daniel Barnard 1818, New York Congressman (1827–1829, 1839–1845). [28 ]
Samuel Rossiter Betts 1806, New York Congressman (1815–1817). [29 ]
Lewis Bigelow 1803, Massachusetts Congressman (1821–1823). [30 ]
Victory Birdseye 1804, New York Congressman (1815–1817). [31 ]
John Palmer, ca. 1810, U.S. Congressman from New York (1817–1819 and 1837–1839). [32 ]
Bernard Blair 1825, New York Congressman (1841–1843). [33 ]
Samuel Augustus Bridges 1826, Pennsylvania Congressman (1848-–1849, 1853–1855, 1877–1879). [34 ]
Edward Espenett Case 1975, Hawai'i Second Congressional District (2003–2007). [35 ]
Alfred Clark Chapin 1869, New York Congressman (1891–1892). [36 ]
Timothy Childs 1811, New York Congressman (1829–1831, 1835–1839, 1841–1843). [37 ]
Horace Francis Clark 1833, New York Congressman (1857–1861). [38 ]
John C. Clark 1811, New York Congressman (1827–1829, 1837–1843). [39 ]
Ernest Harold Cluett 1896, New York Congressman (1937–1943). [40 ]
Rodolphus Dickinson 1821, Ohio Congressman (1847– died in office on March 20, 1849). [41 ]
James Dixon 1834, Connecticut Congressman (1845–1849) and Senator (1857–1869). [42 ]
Michael Edward Driscoll 1877, New York Congressman (1899–1913). [43 ]
Henry Williams Dwight 1809(?), Massachusetts Congressman (1821–1831). [44 ]
William H. Gest 1860, Illinois Congressman (1887-1891) and Judge. [45 ]
Charles Ellsworth Goodell 1948, New York Congressman and Senator (1959–1971). [46 ]
Byram Green 1808, New York Congressman (1843–45) and co-founder of the American missionary movement. [47 ]
Aaron Hackley, Jr. 1805, New York Congressman (1819–1821). [48 ]
Moses Hayden 1804, New York Congressman (1823–1827). [49 ]
Abner Hazeltine 1815, New York Congressman (1833–1837). [50 ]
John P. Hiler 1975, Indiana Congressman, (1981 to 1991). [51 ]
Myron Holley, Erie Canal builder and New York State Assemblyman
John James Ingalls 1855, Kanas Senator (1873–1891). [52 ]
Ferris Jacobs, Jr. 1856, New York Congressman (1881–1883). [53 ]
Edward Aloysius Kenney 1906, New Jersey Congressman (1933–1938). [54 ]
Samuel Knox 1836, Missouri Congressman (1864–1865). [55 ]
Addison Henry Laflin 1843, New York Congressman (1865–1871). [56 ]
Henry C. Martindale 1800, New York Congressman (1823-1831, 1831-1835). [57 ]
Robert McClellan 1825, New York Congressman (1837–39, 1841–43). [58 ]
Stephen C. Millard 1865, New York Congressman (1883–1887). [59 ]
Elijah H. Mills 1797, Massachusetts Congressman (1815–1819) and Senator (1820–1827). [60 ]
Chris Murphy 1996, US Senator (2013-present) Connecticut Congressman (2007–2013). [61 ]
Jesse O. Norton 1835, Illinois Congressman (1853-1857, 1863-1865) and United States Attorney for Northern Illinois. [62 ]
Abram B. Olin 1835, New York Congressman (1857–1863) and Judge. [63 ]
Frank C. Osmers, Jr., New Jersey Congressman (1939–1941, 1951–1965). [64 ]
John G. Otis, Kansas Congressman (1891–1893). [65 ]
John Palmer (1785–1840) 1811, New York Congressman (1817–1819, 1837–1839). [32 ]
Job Pierson, New York Congressman (1831–35). [66 ]
James Porter (representative) 1810, New York Congressman (1817–1819). [67 ]
Edward Rogers (representative) 1809, New York Congressman (1839–41). [68 ]
Henry W. Seymour 1855, Michigan Congressman (1888–1889). [69 ]
Francis Lynde Stetson New York representative in the 28th U. S. Congress.
Jonathan Sloane 1812, Ohio Congressman (1833–1837). [70 ]
Horace B. Smith 1847, New York Congressman (1871–1875) and Justice of New York Supreme Court. [71 ]
John B. Steele 1836, New York Congressman (1861-1865). [72 ]
Solomon Strong 1798, Massachusetts Congressman (1815–1819). [73 ]
George N. Southwick 1884, New York Congressman (1895–99, 1901–11). [74 ]
Mark Udall 1972, Colorado Congressman (1999–2009) and Senator (2009–present). [75 ]
Samuel Finley Vinton 1814, Ohio Congressman (1823–1836, 1843–1851). [76 ]
William Lowndes Yancey (member of the class of 1833 but did not graduate), Alabama Congressman (1844–1846) and Confederate Senator from Alabama (1862–1863). [77 ]
Municipal [ edit ]
Henry Perrin Coon 1844, Mayor of San Francisco, California (1863-1867)
Elisha Johnson, Mayor of Rochester, New York (1838)
William MacVane 1937, Mayor of Portland, Maine (1971), surgeon, and recipient of the Bronze Star during World War II.
Michael McGinn 1982, Mayor of Seattle, Washington (2009–present)
Kevin White 1952, Mayor of Boston, Massachusetts (1968–1983)
William Moehle 1976, Supervisor of the Town of Brighton, New York (2012–Present)
Presidents, Prime Ministers, and Cabinet positions [ edit ]
Fakhruddin Ahmed Chief Advisor of the Caretaker Government (title given to the Interim Prime Minister) of Bangladesh since January 12, 2007. Formerly he was the Governor of Bangladesh Bank, the central bank of the country, responsible for making the country's monetary policies. Obtained Masters in Development Economics.
Kakha Baindurashvili Minister of Finance of Georgia, since 6 February 2009
Richard Achilles Ballinger 1884, U.S. Secretary of the Interior and Mayor of Seattle
William John Bennett 1965, Secretary of Education under President Ronald Reagan. Appointed as the United States' first drug czar under President George H. W. Bush.
Bainbridge Colby 1890, Secretary of State under Woodrow Wilson and founder of United States Progressive Party.
James A. Garfield 1856, 20th President of the United States.
James Rudolph Garfield 1885, U.S. Secretary of the Interior
Carina Vance Mafla 1999, Ecuador's Minister for Public Health.
Edward McPherson 1967, Undersecretary of Education under George W. Bush.
Pavlos Geroulanos, Minister Of Culture Of Greece, 2009-2012
Goh Chok Tong Prime Minister of Singapore (1990–2004). Received Masters from Williams Center for Development Economics.
V-Nee Yeh '81, member of Executive Council of Hong Kong.
Royalty [ edit ]
Judiciary and legal [ edit ]
George Weston Anderson 1886, Circuit Judge, United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit.
Samuel Rossiter Betts 1806, Judge, United States District Court for the Southern District of New York.
John P. Carlin 1995, Assistant Attorney General for National Security of the Department of Justice, 2013–present.
Charles P. Cercone 1981, Dean of Faculty, Thomas M. Cooley Law School & Professor of Law.
Charles Clapp (judge) 1945, Judge, United States Tax Court.
Dickinson Richards Debevoise 1948, Senior Judge, United States District Court for the District of New Jersey.
Joseph A. Diclerico, Jr. 1963, Judge, United States District Court for the District of New Hampshire.
Morris Leopold Ernst 1909, lawyer and co-founder American Civil Liberties Union.
David Dudley Field II 1825, lawyer and reformer who made major contributions to the development of American civil procedure.
Stephen J. Field 1837, Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court and chief architect of the constitutional theory that protected industry from Federal regulation during the rapid industrialization that followed the Civil war.
Lee Parsons Gagliardi 1941, Judge, United States District Court for the Southern District of New York.
William Ball Gilbert 1868, Judge, United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.
Madeline Hughes Haikala 1986, Magistrate Judge and nominee for United States District Judge, Northern District of Alabama.
Jameel Jaffer 1994, director of the national civil liberties project at ACLU.
Robert Joseph Kelleher 1935, Senior Judge, United States District Court for the Central District of California.
Daniel Kellogg 1810, United States Attorney for the District of Vermont from 1829 to 1841 and Justice of the Vermont Supreme Court from 1845 to 1850.
John Milton Killits 1880, Judge, United States District Court for the Northern District of Ohio.
Rives Kistler 1971, Associate Justice, Oregon Supreme Court.
Anthony T. Kronman 1968, Dean (1994–2004) and Sterling Professor of Law, Yale Law School.
Kenneth L. Marcus 1988, Staff Director, U.S. Commission on Civil Rights 2004-2008
Paul McGreal 1989, Dean, University of Dayton School of Law.
Edward Cochrane McLean 1924, Judge, United States District Court for the Southern District of New York.
Paul Michel 1963, Chief Judge, United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit.
Lawrence Mitchell 1978, Dean, Case Western University School of Law.
George Morell 1807, Chief Justice of the Michigan Supreme Court.
Edgar J. Nathan, Manhattan Borough President and Judge of the New York Supreme Court
Abram Baldwin Olin 1835, Judge, United States District Court for the District of Columbia. William T. Quillen, 1956, Justice, Supreme Court of Delaware
Norman Redlich 1947, Dean of NYU Law School and special assistant on the Warren Commission.
Howard Frederic Sachs 1947, Senior Judge, United States District Court for the Western District of Missouri. Bruce P. Smith 1986, Dean, University of Illinois College of Law.
Jeffrey Sutton 1983, Circuit Judge, United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit.
Telford Taylor 1928, prosecutor of Nazis at the Nuremberg Trials, General in the U.S. Army, and professor of law at Columbia University and Yeshiva University's Cardozo School of Law.
Jon S. Tigar 1984, Judge, United States District Court for the Northern District of California. John Walsh 1983, U.S. Attorney for Colorado.
Edward E. Wilson 1892, Assistant State Attorney (Cook County, IL), 1912–1947.
Gregory Howard Woods 1991, General Counsel for United States Department of Energy and nominee for judge on the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York.
Medicine [ edit ]
Richard Besser, M.D., 1981, Former Acting Director, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Mitchell Besser, M.D., 1977, founder, mothers2mothers.
Walter Bortz II, M.D., 1951, Professor at Stanford Medical School and author of books on aging.
Louis R. Caplan, M.D., 1958, physician and Professor of Neurology at Harvard Medical School.
David Chelmow, M.D., 1984, Professor and Chairman of the Virginia Commonwealth University Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology.
Barton Childs, M.D., 1938, pediatrician and geneticist at Johns Hopkins.
Albert Coons, M.D., 1933, pathologist-immunologist and recipient of the 1959 Albert Lasker Award in Basic Research.
Toby Cosgrove, M.D., 1962, chairman and CEO of the Cleveland Clinic.
Jonathan Fielding, M.D., 1964, Director of the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health.
Stanley Foster, M.D., 1955, led successful fight to rid world of smallpox.
Robert McCabe, Jr., M.D., 1948, kidney transplant specialist.
Michael Roizen, M.D., author of best-seller You: The Owner's Manual, Chairman of RealAge, Inc., former Dean, Syracuse University Medical School, administrator at the Cleveland Clinic.
R. Michael Scott, M.D., 1962, head of Pediatric Neurosurgery Department at Boston Children's Hospital; Professor of Neurosurgery at Harvard Medical School.
Brian G. Smith, M.D., 1978, Professor of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation and of Pediatrics and Clinical Nursing at Yale Medical School
Craig R. Smith, M.D., 1970, lead surgeon on medical team that performed open-heart surgery on President William Clinton; Professor of Surgery at Columbia University Medical School. Scott Solomon, M.D., 1981, Professor of Medicine at Harvard University, Director of Noninvasive Cardiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital.
Norman Spack, M.D., 1965, pediatric endocrinologist and Assistant Professor of Pediatrics at Harvard Medical School.
Henry Reed Stiles, 1876, Superintendent of the State Homeopathic Asylum for the Insane, author of several well-regarded historical and genealogical works
Edward J. Wing, M.D., 1967, Dean of Medicine and Biological Sciences, Brown University, Alpert Medical School.
William G. Troyer Jr., M.D., 1956, Professor of Medicine at University of Illinois and Chief of Staff emeritus, University of Illinois Hospital.
Military [ edit ]
Stephen S. Clarey 1962, U.S. Navy Rear Admiral, commanded Pacific Fleet amphibious forces during Persian Gulf War.
Edward Peck Curtis 1917 (dropped out to serve in World War I), Major General and Chief of Staff, U. S. Strategic Air Force in Europe during World War II.
Myles C. Fox 1939, awarded the Navy Cross for his heroic actions during World War II.
Truman Seymour 1865, Major General & later painter, received his A.M. degree.
William Bradford Turner 1914, awarded Medal of Honor posthumously for actions in France 1918
Ephraim Williams Jr. Benefactor of Williams College, Colonel in the Massachusetts militia, killed in action during the Battle of Lake George in the French and Indian War
Charles White Whittlesey 1905, awarded Medal of Honor for his actions as commander of the famed Lost Battalion of WWI. Was named as one of the "three outstanding heroes of the AEF" (Allied Expeditionary Force) by General Pershing.
Edwin Bliss Wheeler 1939, Major General in the Marine Corps, for whom the Marine Corps Infantry Officer Course honor award is named.
Dick Pregent 1976
Bill Couch 1979
Kathy Sharpe Jones 1979
Eric McDonnald 1981
Sean Crotty 1984
Rob Reed 1986
Jerry Rizzo 1987
Paul Danielson 1988
JR Rahill 1988
Rachel Booth 1994
Erik White 1994
Chris Campin 1995
Rebecca Doucette 1995
Elizabeth Gray 1995
Brian Rooney 1995
Ronald Alcala 1997
John Bozeman 1998
Bungee Cooke 1998
Lee Kindlon 1998
Dan Ornelas 1998
Zack Pace 1998
Robert Watkins 1998
Ben Kamilewicz 1999
Felipe Perez 1999
Matt Terzella 1999
Brad Whitworth 1999
Chris Sweatman 2000
Joel Iams 2001
Robert MacDougall 2001
Nathan Krissoff 2003, killed in action on December 9, 2006.
Peter Walke 2003
Galen Thorpe 2004
Evan Bick 2006
John Silvestro 2006
Brad Brecher 2006
Brad Shirley 2007
Kristen Anderson-Lopez 1994, Academy Award-winning songwriter.
Bill Barbot 1991, guitarist/bass player with Jawbox and Burning Airlines.
Chris Collingwood 1989, Fountains of Wayne member.
Kris Delmhorst, singer/songwriter.
William Finn 1974, Broadway composer of musicals, among other shows, Falsettos and The 25th Annual Putnam County Spelling Bee, and winner of the Tony award.
Jason Howland 1993, Composer of the Broadway musical Little Women, which opened in January 2005 at the Virginia Theatre.
Marcus Hummon 1984, Nashville-based singer songwriter, Twice nominated for the Grammy, won for Best Country Song ("Bless the Broken Road" performed by Rascal Flatts) in 2006. Sometimes performs with a band called Redwing.
Warren Hunke 1942, Singer/Pianist; Founder, Metropolitan Schools Choral Festival.
Alastair Moock 1995, folk and children's musician.
John Morris Russell 1982, symphony conductor.
Adam Schlesinger 1989, Fountains of Wayne and Ivy member.
Stephen Sondheim 1950, pre-eminent Broadway composer of musicals. Sondheim premiered Phinney's Rainbow, a satire of Williams, and All That Glitters while at Williams.
Leehom Wang 1998, singer-songwriter and actor in East Asia.
Jesse Winchester 1966, Singer/Songwriter.
Nick Zammuto 1999, of The Books.
Religion [ edit ]
Rachel Barenblat 1996, poet, blogger and Rabbi.
Dan Cohn-Sherbok 1966, Jewish theologian and author on religion.
Wallace E. Conkling, 7th Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Chicago.
Henry Martyn Field (minister) 1838, author and clergyman.
Washington Gladden 1859, American Congregational church pastor and leading member of the Progressive Movement.
Harvey Rexford Hitchcock 1828, Protestant missionary to Hawaii.
Samuel Johnson Howard 1973, 8th Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Florida.
Timothy Lull 1965, President of Pacific Lutheran Theological Seminary.
Jeb Stuart Magruder 1958, White House official involved in Watergate scandal who later became a Presbyterian minister.
Eleazer Root 1821, educator and Episcopal priest.
David Jewett Waller, Sr. 1834, minister, entrepreneur and civic leader.
Boon Tuan Boon-Itt 1889, an early leader in the Protestant Christian community of Thailand.
Science, technology, and engineering [ edit ]
Robert Grant Aitken 1892, American astronomer, director of Lick Observatory, compiled comprehensive catalog of double stars.
John M. Darby 1831, botanist, created first catalogue of flora of the southeastern United States.
Chester Dewey 1810, botanist.
Alexander L. Fetter 1958, Director of the Laboratory for Advanced Materials and former Chair of the Physics Department, Stanford University (1985–1990).
Louis Fieser 1920, Harvard chemistry professor and inventor.
Harry L. Fisher 1909, noted rubber chemist and 69th president of the American Chemical Society
J.T. Gulick (1855–1859) Evolutionary biologist.
Ralph E. Gomory 1950, President of the Alfred P. Sloan foundation and Director of Research for IBM.
Chapman Grant 1910, biologist and herpetologist, grandson of President Ulysses S. Grant
G. Stanley Hall 1867, the father of American Psychology and the first American to be awarded a Ph.D. in Psychology.
William Higinbotham 1932, American physicist credited with creating the first video game.
Daniel Kleppner 1953, American physicist, Lester Wolfe Professor Emeritus of Physics at MIT and co-director of the MIT-Harvard Center for Ultracold Atoms, Winner of the 2006 National Medal of Science, the 2005 Wolf Prize in Physics, and the 2007 Lester Ives Medal Todd Lowe 1992, Associate Professor of Biomolecular Engineering, UC Santa Cruz. Lowe Lab.
[78 ] [79 ]
Edward Morley 1860, who co-performed the Michelson-Morley experiment, one of the most famous experiments in the history of physics.
Lewis Morris Rutherfurd 1834, astronomer and pioneering astrophotographer.
Ethan Zuckerman 1993, a co-founder of Tripod, founder of Geekcorps, and a fellow at the Berkman Center for Internet and Society.
This section needs additional citations for . verification (December 2012)
Mike Bajakian 1996, Offensive Coordinator and Quarterbacks Coach, University of Tennessee football team, 2012–present. [80 ]
Bob Bavier 1940, winner of 1964 America's Cup and member of National Sailing Hall of Fame.
Benny Boynton 1921, football player who was named to Walter Camp's All-American teams in 1919 and 1920, played in the early years of the NFL and is a member of the College Football Hall of Fame.
Ethan Brooks 1996, former NFL offensive lineman.
Ted Rogers 1991, former NFL linebacker, earned a Super Bowl ring with the Washington Redskins in Super Bowl XXVI.
Dan Calichman 1990, MLS All-Star.
Dave Clawson 1989, College Football head coach, Wake Forest University. [81 ]
Dick Colman 1936, Princeton football head coach 1957-68, member of College Football Hall of Fame.
Jim Duquette 1988, senior vice president of baseball operations for the Baltimore Orioles.
Pat Duquette 1993, head coach, UMass-Lowell basketball, 2013–present. John Jay 1938, Rhodes Scholar and American skiing pioneer. Invented the ski film in its modern form.
Kristine Karlson 1985, world rowing champion.
Jonathan Kraft 1986, operator, investor and owner's representative to the New England Patriots, New England Revolution and Gillette Stadium. He is also COO of The Kraft Group.
Robert Leavitt 1907, Olympic gold medalist in 110 meter hurdles.
Jack Maitland 1970, American football player who played running back in the NFL in the 1970s and earned a Super Bowl ring with the Baltimore Colts in Super Bowl V.
David Maraghy 1974, CEO of Sports Management International, LC.
Kevin Morris (American football) 1986, head coach, UMass football team, 2009–2011, Yale Offensive Coordinator, 2012–present.
Dr. Ogilvie, head football coach at New York University, 1899.
Frank "Buck" O'Neill 1902, College Football Hall of Fame coach
Roland Palmedo 1917, had a great influence on skiing in America. He started both the Stowe and Mad River Glen ski areas in Vermont and was a founder of the National Ski Patrol.
Dave Paulsen 1987, head coach, Bucknell men's basketball, coached Williams to 2003 Division III national championship
Scott Perry (American football), former American football defensive back in the National Football League, played four season with the Cincinnati Bengals [82 ]
Robert L. "Nob" Rauch 1980, former Executive Director of the Ultimate Players Association and President of the World Flying Disc Federation and a member of the Ultimate Hall of Fame.
Frederick Bushnell "Jack" Ryder 1892, first paid head coach, Ohio State Buckeyes.
George Steinbrenner 1952, owner of the New York Yankees.
Harold Z. Steinbrenner 1991, General Partner of New York Yankees.
Khari Stephenson 2004, MLS and Jamaican national team soccer player.
Fay Vincent 1960, former Major League Baseball commissioner.
Michael Weiner 1983, General Counsel for the MLBPA.
(A list of Williams' Olympians is available at the
Williams Sports Info website.)
Writing and journalism [ edit ]
Peter Abrahams 1968, writer of crime thrillers.
Rachel Axler 1999, television comedy writer and playwright.
Stephen Birmingham 1950, writer. Barbara Bradley Hagerty 1981, writer and NPR religion correspondent
Sterling Brown 1922, poet.
Erin Burnett 1998, Anchor of CNN's Erin Burnett OutFront.
William Cullen Bryant 1814, poet and Editor-in-Chief New-York Evening Post (later the ) for half a century (1828–78). New York Post
Mika Brzezinski 1989, reporter on MSNBC and daughter of Zbigniew Brzezinski, National Security Advisor under Jimmy Carter.
Christopher Clarey 1986, International Herald Tribune columnist
Hal Crowther 1966, author and essayist.
Dominick Dunne 1949, author.
Max Eastman 1905, writer and political activist. Tim Evans 2006, author, celebrated brewer.
Gary Fisketjon 1976, editor.
Naoko Funayama 1995, rinkside reporter for Boston Bruins games on NESN.
Matt Gutman 2000, ABC News correspondent.
Nathan Hale 1804, newspaper publisher who introduced editorial content as a feature.
David G. Hartwell 1963, editor of science fiction and fantasy literature.
Michael Himowitz 1969, Baltimore Sun Columnist and Editor.
Greg Jaffe 1991, Pulitzer Prize winner. Christopher Jones 1962, multiple EMMY winning Anchor, Correspondent, Commentator Channel 5 (Fox TV) 36 years in NYC
John Kifner 1963, longtime writer and editor at The New York Times.
Edward Larson 1974, 1998 Pulitzer Prize winner in History for Summer for the Gods: The Scopes Trial and America's Continuing Debate Over Science and Religion. Dan Keating 1984,
Pulitzer Prize winner.
Tim Layden 1978, Sports Illustrated writer.
Jon Lovett 2004, former speechwriter for Barack Obama and creator of NBC's 1600 Penn.
Fiona Maazel 1997, novelist.
David Marash 1964, Nightline correspondent.
Joseph McElroy 1951, author.
Jay McInerney 1976, author of Bright Lights, Big City.
Bethany McLean 1992, author of , on the collapse of The Smartest Guys in the Room Enron.
Bob Mitchell 1966, author of Match Made in Heaven and Once upon a Fastball.
L. E. Modesitt, Jr. 1965, author of science fiction and fantasy, noted especially for his Recluce series. Anson Montgomery, 1994, Author, educator.
R. A. Montgomery 1958, Author/Creator of the Choose Your Own Adventure Series. Paul Neely 1968, former Publisher of the Chattanooga Times, Williams College Trustee
Sonia Nazario 1982, Pulitzer Prize winner.
Robert Wilson Patterson 1871, Editor-in-Chief of Chicago Tribune and President of the Tribune Company.
Tom Piazza 1976, author. Topher Sabot 1999, part-owner and operator of
Stacy Schiff 1982, Pulitzer Prize winner.
Eric Schmitt 1982, Pulitzer Prize winner. Scott Shane 1976, author and New York Times reporter.
Wendy Shalit 1997, author of A Return to Modesty and Girls Gone Mild.
David Shipley 1985, New York Times editor and former speechwriter for Bill Clinton.
Hedrick Smith 1955, 1974 Pulitzer Prize winner in international reporting.
John Toland 1936, writer.
Norah Vincent 1990, syndicated columnist and author of Self-Made Man
Charles Webb 1961, author of the novel The Graduate. (The novel begins "Benjamin Braddock graduated from a small Eastern college on a day in June.")
Kristin Cashore, author of , Graceling , and Fire Bitterblue.
Carrie Ryan 1999, author of The Forest of Hands and Teeth.
References [ edit ]
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^ "Williams College Trumps Ivy League on Forbes Top College List". DailyFinance.com. Forbes Magazine. 3 August 2011. Archived from the original on 2012-09-04 . Retrieved 4 September 2012.
^ "Richard T. Antoun, Ph.D". Legacy.com. Binghamton Press & Sun-Bulletin. 7–8 December 2009. Archived from the original on 2012-09-04 . Retrieved 4 September 2012. "Following his graduation from Williams in 1953, he completed a Masters' degree from Johns Hopkins University in International Relations."
^ Basler, George; Tom Wilber (4 December 2009). "Prof. Richard Antoun Remembered as Gentle Man Dedicated to Dispelling Stereotypes about Different Cultures". PressConnects.com. Archived from the original on 2012-09-04. "Before beginning his career as a faculty member, Antoun earned a bachelor's degree from Williams College, a master's degree from Johns Hopkins University and a doctorate from Harvard University."
^ "John Bascom and Mount Greylock". MarkRondeau.com. Archived from the original on 2012-09-04 . Retrieved 4 September 2012.
^ "About Bernard Bailyn". Harvard.edu. Archived from the original on 2012-09-04 . Retrieved 4 September 2012. "Professor Bailyn received the A.B. degree from Williams College in 1945..."
^ "James Phinney Baxter, 3rd (1893-1975)". Williams College Archives. Archived from the original on 2012-09-04 . Retrieved 4 September 2012.
^ "Baxter Fellows". Williams College Office of Student Life. Archived from the original on 2012-09-04 . Retrieved 4 September 2012.
^ "Term: Chadbourne, Paul Ansel 1823 - 1883". Wisconsin Historical Society . Retrieved September 26, 2012.
^ Sebastian Arcelus
^ Kennedy, Randy. "James N. Wood, President of the Getty Trust, Dies at 69", , June 14, 2010. Accessed June 21, 2010. The New York Times
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^ "Elisha Hunt Allen". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress . Retrieved 4 November 2012.
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^ "Daniel Barnard". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress . Retrieved 4 November 2012.
^ "Samuel Rossiter Betts". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress . Retrieved 4 November 2012.
^ "Lewis Bigelow". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress . Retrieved 4 November 2012.
^ "Victory Birdseye". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress . Retrieved 4 November 2012.
^ a b "John Palmer". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress . Retrieved 4 November 2012.
^ "Bernard Blair". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress . Retrieved 4 November 2012.
^ "Samuel Augustus Bridges". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress . Retrieved 4 November 2012.
^ "Edward Espenett Case". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress . Retrieved 4 November 2012.
^ "Alfred Clark Chapin". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress . Retrieved 4 November 2012.
^ "Timothy Childs". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress . Retrieved 4 November 2012.
^ "Horace Francis Clark". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress . Retrieved 4 November 2012.
^ "John C. Clark". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress . Retrieved 4 November 2012.
^ "Ernest Harold Cluett". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress . Retrieved 4 November 2012.
^ "Rodolphus Dickinson". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress . Retrieved 4 November 2012.
^ "James Dixon". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress . Retrieved 4 November 2012.
^ "Michael Edward Driscoll". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress . Retrieved 4 November 2012.
^ "Henry Williams Dwight". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress . Retrieved 4 November 2012.
^ "William H. Gest". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress . Retrieved 4 November 2012.
^ "Charles Ellsworth Goodell". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress . Retrieved 4 November 2012.
^ "Byram Green". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress . Retrieved 4 November 2012.
^ "Aaron Hackley, Jr.". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress . Retrieved 4 November 2012.
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^ "Abner Hazeltine". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress . Retrieved 4 November 2012.
^ "John P. Hiler". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress . Retrieved 4 November 2012.
^ "John James Ingalls". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress . Retrieved 4 November 2012.
^ "Ferris Jacobs, Jr.". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress . Retrieved 4 November 2012.
^ "Edward Aloysius Kenney". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress . Retrieved 4 November 2012.
^ "Samuel Knox". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress . Retrieved 4 November 2012.
^ "Addison Henry Laflin". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress . Retrieved 4 November 2012.
^ "Henry C. Martindale". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress . Retrieved 4 November 2012.
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^ "Mike Bajakian Bio". utsports.com . Retrieved 22 July 2014.
^ "Dave Clawson Bio". wakeforestsports.com . Retrieved 22 July 2014.
^ "Scott Endecott Perry". Pro-Footbal-Reference.Com . Retrieved December 3, 2012.
External links [ edit ]