List of World Heritage Sites in Argentina

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Location of World Heritage Sites within Argentina.
Red pog.svg Cultural category, criteria (i) to (vi)
Blue pog.svg Natural category, criteria (vii) to (x)
Green pog.svg Intangible Cultural category

Argentina accepted the UNESCO World Heritage Convention on 23 August 1978.[1] As of 2014, nine properties have been inscribed on the World Heritage List: five cultural sites and four natural sites.[1] A further six sites have been proposed for inscription and are on the tentative list.[1]

World Heritage Sites[edit]

These tables list information about inscribed and not yet inscribed (tentative) World Heritage Sites in Argentina:

Name: as listed by the World Heritage Committee
Region: of the Provinces of Argentina
UNESCO data: the site's reference number; the year the site was inscribed on the World Heritage List; the criteria it was listed under: criteria (i) through (vi) are cultural, while (vii) through (x) are natural
Description: brief description of the site

Inscribed List[edit]

Cultural, Natural & Mixed categories[edit]

This list is complete and up-to-date as of August 2014.
Name Image Region UNESCO data Description
Los Glaciares National Park View of the Perito Moreno Glacier Santa Cruz 145; 1981; (vii)(viii) "The Los Glaciares National Park is an area of exceptional natural beauty, with rugged, towering mountains and numerous glacial lakes, including Lake Argentino, which is 160 km (99 mi) long. At its farthest end, three glaciers meet to dump their effluvia into the milky grey glacial water, launching massive igloo icebergs into the lake with thunderous splashes."[2]
Jesuit Missions of the Guaranis: San Ignacio Mini, Santa Ana, Nuestra Señora de Loreto and Santa Maria Mayor Ruins of San Ignacio Mini Misiones 275; 1983; (iv) "The ruins [...] of San Ignacio Miní, Santa Ana, Nuestra Señora de Loreto and Santa María la Mayor in Argentina, lie at the heart of a tropical forest. They are the impressive remains of five Jesuit missions, built in the land of the Guaranis during the 17th and 18th centuries. Each is characterized by a specific layout and a different state of conservation.[3]
Iguazú National Park View of the falls Misiones 303; 1984; (vii)(x) "The semicircular waterfall at the heart of this site is some 80 m (260 ft) high and 2,700 m (8,900 ft) in diameter and is situated on a basaltic line spanning the border between Argentina and Brazil. Made up of many cascades producing vast sprays of water, it is one of the most spectacular waterfalls in the world. The surrounding subtropical rainforest has over 2,000 species of vascular plants and is home to the typical wildlife of the region: tapirs, giant anteaters, howler monkeys, ocelots, jaguars and caimans."[4]
Cueva de las Manos, Río Pinturas Stencilled hands at the Cuevas de las Manos Santa Cruz 936; 1999; (iii) "The Cueva de las Manos, Río Pinturas, contains an exceptional assemblage of cave art, executed between 13,000 and 9,500 years ago. It takes its name (Cave of the Hands) from the stencilled outlines of human hands in the cave, but there are also many depictions of animals, such as guanacos (Lama guanicoe), still commonly found in the region, as well as hunting scenes. The people responsible for the paintings may have been the ancestors of the historic hunter-gatherer communities of Patagonia found by European settlers in the 19th century."[5]
Península Valdés Southern sea lions in the shore Chubut 937; 1999; (x) "Península Valdés in Patagonia is a site of global significance for the conservation of marine mammals. It is home to an important breeding population of the endangered southern right whale as well as important breeding populations of southern elephant seals and southern sea lions. The orcas in this area have developed a unique hunting strategy to adapt to local coastal conditions."[6]
Ischigualasto / Talampaya Natural Parks The submarine rock formation in Ischigualasto Provincial Park 966; 2000; (viii) "These two contiguous parks, extending over 275,300 ha (2,753 km2; 680,000 acres) in the desert region on the western border of the Sierras Pampeanas of central Argentina, contain the most complete continental fossil record known from the Triassic Period (245–208 million years ago). Six geological formations in the parks contain fossils of a wide range of ancestors of mammals, dinosaurs and plants revealing the evolution of vertebrates and the nature of palaeo-environments in the Triassic Period."[7]
Jesuit Block and Estancias of Córdoba View of the Jesuit Estancia of Alta Gracia Córdoba 995; 2000; (ii)(iv) "The Jesuit Block in Córdoba, heart of the former Jesuit Province of Paraguay, contains the core buildings of the Jesuit system: the university, the church and residence of the Society of Jesus, and the college. Along with the five estancias, or farming estates, they contain religious and secular buildings, which illustrate the unique religious, social, and economic experiment carried out in the world for a period of over 150 years in the 17th and 18th centuries."[8]
Quebrada de Humahuaca View of a street in the town of Purmamarca Jujuy 1116; 2003; (ii)(iv)(v) "Quebrada de Humahuaca follows the line of a major cultural route, the Camino Inca, along the spectacular valley of the Rio Grande, from its source in the cold high desert plateau of the High Andean lands to its confluence with the Rio Leone some 150 km (93 mi) to the south. The valley shows substantial evidence of its use as a major trade route over the past 10,000 years. It features visible traces of prehistoric hunter-gatherer communities, of the Inca Empire (15th to 16th centuries) and of the fight for independence in the 19th and 20th centuries."[9]
Qhapaq Ñan, Andean Road System Llamas in the Inca road system, Mendoza province 1459; 2014; (ii)(iii)(iv)(vi) "This site is an extensive Inca communication, trade and defence network of roads covering 30,000 km (19,000 mi). Constructed by the Incas over several centuries and partly based on pre-Inca infrastructure, this extraordinary network through one of the world’s most extreme geographical terrains linked the snow-capped peaks of the Andes—at an altitude of more than 6,000 m (20,000 ft)—to the coast, running through hot rainforests, fertile valleys and absolute deserts. It reached its maximum expansion in the 15th century, when it spread across the length and breadth of the Andes. The Qhapac Ñan, Andean Road System includes 273 component sites spread over more than 6,000 km (3,700 mi) that were selected to highlight the social, political, architectural and engineering achievements of the network, along with its associated infrastructure for trade, accommodation and storage, as well as sites of religious significance."[10]

Intangible Cultural category[edit]

This list is complete and up-to-date as of August 2014.
Name Image Region UNESCO data Description
Tango Tango street art in Buenos Aires Rio de la Plata Basin Intangible Heritage listed in 2009 "The Argentine and Uruguayan tradition of the Tango, now familiar around the world, was developed by the urban lower classes in Buenos Aires and Montevideo in the Rio de la Plata basin. Among this mix of European immigrants to the region, descendents of African slaves and the natives of the region known as criollos, a wide range of customs, beliefs and rituals were merged and transformed into a distinctive cultural identity. As one of the most recognizable embodiments of that identity, the music, dance and poetry of tango both embodies and encourages diversity and cultural dialogue. It is practised in the traditional dance halls of Buenos Aires and Montevideo, spreading the spirit of its community across the globe even as it adapts to new environments and changing times. That community today includes musicians, professional and amateur dancers, choreographers, composers, songwriters, teachers of the art and the national living treasures who embody the culture of tango. Tango is also incorporated into celebrations of national heritage in Argentina and Uruguay, reflecting the widespread embrace of this popular urban music."[11]

Tentative List[edit]

This list is complete and up-to-date as of August 2014.

The Tentative List consists of sites previously nominated, but not yet inscribed.

Name Image Region UNESCO data Description
Valle Calchaquí View of the Quebrada de Cafayate 1582; Submission: 2001; (ii)(iii)(iv)(v)(vi) "The Valle Calchaquí forms a 250 km narrow north-south strip along the Calchaquí river, between the structural units of La Puna and the Oriental Mountain Range. A bunch of secondary valleys and gorges, both longitudinal and transversal, build up the tributary system of the Calchaqui river. Las Conchas gorge is, in turn, a deep fluvial valley of 75 km (47 mi) long, that spreads from Alemania town to the joint of Calchaqui and Santa Matia rivers."[12]
Sierra de las Quijadas National Park View of the desertic sierras San Luis 2021; Submission: 2005; (vii)(viii)(ix) "The Sierra de las Quijadas National Park undoubtedly constitutes a "sanctuary" of the flora and fauna of the province of San Luis and of the west-central part of Argentina, since its environment constitutes a transition strip or "ecotone" between the biogeographical provinces of Chaco and Monte. The sedimentary outcrops in Sierra de las Quijadas are part of a chain of geological units the detailed study of which has enabled to complement part of the geohistorical and paleobiological information of the Upper Mesozoic in Argentina, which extends over 120 million years (the entire Jurassic and Cretaceous Periods)."[13]
Casa Curutchet View of Curutchet House Buenos Aires 5140; Submission: 2007; (i)(ii)(iv) "Casa Curutchet is the only house and one of the two buildings in the Americas constructed according to a project by Le Corbusier, one of the leading architects of the Modern Movement in architecture. The project was commissioned in 1948 by Dr. Pedro Curutchet, an Argentine surgeon who asked the architect to locate in a quite small urban plot both family house and working area taking advantage of the possibility of enjoying sunning and the views to a nearby square and park. Practically all Le Corbusier's architectural principles were employed, such as the independent structure (pilotis), the free plan, the free façade, the dematerialization of facades trough glass panels, the brise-soleil and the garden terrace. In this sense, the building is a complete example of Le Corbusier architecture, in this case adapted to a tiny urban plot and to a determined urban location."[14]
La Payunia, Campos Volcánicos Llancanelo y Payun Matru View of Payunia Volcano Mendoza 5615; Submission: 2011; (vii)(viii) "The proposed site includes two protected areas: the Provincial Reserves Llancanelo Lake and Payunia. The first has 90,000 ha (900 km2; 220,000 acres). of protected reserve, of which 65,000 ha (650 km2; 160,000 acres), have been declared a Ramsar site in 1996. It is one of the few areas in the country with a participatory management plan, developed jointly with the residents, and is unique in the world with volumetric limits. The Payunia Reserve covers 192,000 ha (1,920 km2; 470,000 acres) and is reserve since 1982, in the future will be expanded to 450,000 ha (4,500 km2; 1,100,000 acres) using available public land and other private lands with owners arrangement. In this part the volcanic territory reaches its peak focusing in its greater variety of volcanic landforms and creating a stunning landscape."[15]
Parque Nacional Los Alerces (PNLA) View of Futalaufquen lake Chubut 5780; Submission: 2012; (vii)(x) "Here grow the most aged and well-preserved stands of the Lahuán (Fitzroya cupressoides), a conifer endemic to South America. It is the second longest-living species on Earth after the Californian Sequoia or redwood (Pinus longaeva) with some individuals aged at over 3,600 years (Premoli et al. 2000). Further, it is the largest species in our Valdivian temperate forest and can have a diameter of some 5 m (16 ft) and a height of 50 m (160 ft) (Veblen et al. 1976; Lara 1991; Lara and Villalba 1993)."[16]
Geological, Paleontological and Archaeological Provincial Reserve Pehuén Co–Monte Hermoso View of Monte Hermoso near Punta Alta Buenos Aires 5851; Submission: 2014; (iii)(v)(vi)(viii)(ix) "In this place, it is preserved, in a section carved by the marine ingression of the Holocene, a geological, paleontological and archeological record of exceptional characteristics. In an extension of about 25 km (16 mi), different sedimentary formations, whose age decreases from West to East, give us detailed information about the history of life and changes in the landscape over the last 5 million years. [...] For this reason, along some kilometers of beaches, which are enlightened with the rising and the setting of the sun of the Atlantic during summer, rocks evoke very different landscapes formed over time and have been inhabited by species living before and after the Great American Biotic Interchange (GABI)."[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Argentina". Paris: UNESCO – United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. 2014. 
  2. ^ "Los Glaciares National Park". Paris: UNESCO – United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. 2014. 
  3. ^ "Jesuit Missions of the Guaranis: San Ignacio Mini, Santa Ana, Nuestra Señora de Loreto and Santa Maria Mayor (Argentina), Ruins of Sao Miguel das Missoes (Brazil)". Paris: UNESCO – United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. 2014. 
  4. ^ "Iguazu National Park". Paris: UNESCO – United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. 2014. 
  5. ^ "Cueva de las Manos, Río Pinturas". Paris: UNESCO – United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. 2014. 
  6. ^ "Península Valdés". Paris: UNESCO – United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. 2014. 
  7. ^ "Ischigualasto / Talampaya Natural Parks". Paris: UNESCO – United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. 2014. 
  8. ^ "Jesuit Block and Estancias of Córdoba". Paris: UNESCO – United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. 2014. 
  9. ^ "Quebrada de Humahuaca". Paris: UNESCO – United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. 2014. 
  10. ^ "Qhapaq Ñan, Andean Road System". Paris: UNESCO – United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. 2014. 
  11. ^ "Tango". Paris: UNESCO – United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. 2014. 
  12. ^ "Valle Calchaquí". Paris: UNESCO – United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. 2014. 
  13. ^ "Sierra de las Quijadas National Park". Paris: UNESCO – United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. 2014. 
  14. ^ "Casa Curutchet". Paris: UNESCO – United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. 2014. 
  15. ^ "La Payunia, Campos Volcánicos Llancanelo y Payún Matrú". Paris: UNESCO – United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. 2014. 
  16. ^ "Parque Nacional Los Alerces (PNLA)". Paris: UNESCO – United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. 2014. 
  17. ^ "Geological, Paleontological and Archaeological Provincial Reserve Pehuén Co – Monte Hermoso". Paris: UNESCO – United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. 2014. 

External links[edit]

  • Argentina at UNESCO World Heritage Convention (official website)