List of World Heritage Sites in Hungary

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Locations of World Heritage Sites in Hungary

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Sites are places of importance to cultural or natural heritage as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, established in 1972.[1] Hungary accepted the convention on July 15, 1985, making its historical sites eligible for inclusion on the list.[2]

Sites in Hungary were first inscribed on the list at the 11th Session of the World Heritage Committee, held in Paris, France in 1987. At that session, two sites were added: "Budapest, the Banks of the Danube with the district of Buda Castle" and "Hollókő".[3] The names of these and other Hungarian sites were changed to their present names at the 27th session of the Committee in 2003.[4] Sites were added one at a time in the years 1995, 1996, 1999, 2000, 2001 and 2002. As of July 2014, Hungary has 8 total sites inscribed on the list. Of these two sites are shared with other countries: "Fertö / Neusiedlersee Cultural Landscape" with Austria; and the "Caves of Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst" with Slovakia. The latter is also the only natural site in Hungary.[2]

World Heritage Sites[edit]

The table lists information about each World Heritage Site:

Name; as listed by the World Heritage Committee[5]
Location; place, with co-ordinates provided by UNESCO
Period; time period of significance, typically of construction
UNESCO data; Site reference number, the year the site was inscribed on the World Heritage List, and the criteria it was listed under: criteria i through vi are cultural, while vii through x are natural
Description; brief description of the site
  * Trans-border site
Name Image Location Period UNESCO data Description
Budapest, including the Banks of the Danube, the Buda Castle Quarter and Andrássy Avenue Budapest,  Hungary
47°28′57″N 19°4′14″E / 47.48250°N 19.07056°E / 47.48250; 19.07056 (Budapest, including the Banks of the Danube, the Buda Castle Quarter and Andrássy Avenue)
1st to 19th centuries 400; 1987;[nb 1] ii, iv [6]
Caves of Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst Rožňava and Spišská Nová Ves Districts, Košice Region  Slovakia* and Northern Hungary,  Hungary*
48°28′33″N 20°29′13″E / 48.47583°N 20.48694°E / 48.47583; 20.48694 (Caves of Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst))
N/A 725; 1995;[nb 2] vii [7][8]
Early Christian Necropolis of Pécs (Sopianae) Pécs, Baranya County,  Hungary
46°4′28″N 18°13′40″E / 46.07444°N 18.22778°E / 46.07444; 18.22778 (Early Christian Necropolis of Pécs (Sopianae))
4th century 853; 2000; iii, iv 4th century Roman tombs richly decorated with Christian themed murals.[9]
Fertö / Neusiedlersee Cultural Landscape Burgenland  Austria* and Győr-Moson-Sopron County,  Hungary*
47°43′9″N 16°43′22″E / 47.71917°N 16.72278°E / 47.71917; 16.72278 (Fertö / Neusiedlersee Cultural Landscape))
12th to 19th centuries 772; 2001; v The Fertö/Neusiedler Lake area has been occupied by different peoples for eight millennia. A number of 18th and 19th century villages and castles were built on top of the ancient settlements and landscape.[10]
Hortobágy National Park - the Puszta
Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén, Heves, Hajdú-Bihar and Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok Counties,  Hungary
47°35′40″N 21°9′24″E / 47.59444°N 21.15667°E / 47.59444; 21.15667 (Hortobágy National Park - the Puszta)
18th and 19th centuries 474; 1999; iv, v [11]
Millenary Benedictine Abbey of Pannonhalma and its Natural Environment Pannonhalma, Győr-Moson-Sopron County,  Hungary
47°33′32″N 17°47′4″E / 47.55889°N 17.78444°E / 47.55889; 17.78444 (Millenary Benedictine Abbey of Pannonhalma and its Natural Environment)
13th to 19th centuries 758; 1996; iv, vi [12]
Old Village of Hollókő and its Surroundings Nógrád County,  Hungary
47°59′40″N 19°31′45″E / 47.99444°N 19.52917°E / 47.99444; 19.52917 (Old Village of Hollókő and its Surroundings)
17th and 18th centuries 401; 1987; v Palóc ethnographic village as a living example of life before the industrial revolution of the 20th century.[13]
Tokaj Wine Region Historic Cultural Landscape
Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County,  Hungary
48°9′N 21°21′E / 48.150°N 21.350°E / 48.150; 21.350 (Tokaj Wine Region Historic Cultural Landscape)
16th to 20th centuries 1063; 2002; iii, v [14]

Tentative list[edit]

In addition to sites inscribed on the World Heritage list, member states can maintain a list of tentative sites that they may consider for nomination. Nominations for the World Heritage list are only accepted if the site was previously listed on the tentative list.[15] As of 2014, Hungary recorded 11 sites on its tentative list. The sites, along with the year they were included on the tentative list are:[2]

  1. Le Château-fort médiéval d'Esztergom (1993)
  2. The Tihany Peninsula (1993)
  3. Caves of the Buda Thermal Karst System (1993)
  4. Mediaeval Royal Seat and Parkland at Visegrád (2000)
  5. System of Fortifications at the Confluence of the Rivers Danube and Váh in Komárno - Komárom (2007)
  6. The Network of Rural Heritage Buildings in Hungary (2000)
  7. State Stud-Farm Estate of Mezőhegyes (2000)
  8. The Wooden Churches of the Northern Part of the Carpathian Basin (2000)
  9. The Ipolytartnóc Fossils (2000)
  10. Ödön Lechner’s independent pre-modern architecture (2008)
  11. Frontiers of the Roman Empire – Ripa Pannonica in Hungary (2009)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Extended in 2003 to include Andrássy Avenue and the Millennium Underground and name change from Budapest, the Banks of the Danube and the Buda Castle Quarter to the present name.
  2. ^ Extended in 2000 to include the Dobšinská Ice Cave and modification of boundaries in 2008: increase of property at Esztramos Hill from 107.2 (265) to 195 (480) and establishment of a 28,000 (69,000) buffer zone on the Hungarian side.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The World Heritage Convention". UNESCO. Retrieved September 17, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c "Hungary – Properties inscribed on the World Heritage List". UNESCO. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Report of the Rapporteur". UNESCO. January 20, 1988. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Committee Decisions 27 COM 8C.2 - Changes to Names of Existing Properties in Austria, Hungary and Slovakia". UNESCO. December 10, 2003. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  5. ^ World Heritage List, UNESCO, retrieved 2014-07-12 
  6. ^ "Budapest, including the Banks of the Danube, the Buda Castle Quarter and Andrássy Avenue". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  7. ^ "Caves of Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  8. ^ "Decision - 32COM 8B.48 - Examination of nominations and minor modifications to the boundaries of naturel, mixed and cultural properties to the World Heritage List - Caves of Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst (HUNGARY / SLOVAKIA)". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  9. ^ "Early Christian Necropolis of Pécs (Sopianae)". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  10. ^ "Fertö / Neusiedlersee Cultural Landscape". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  11. ^ "Hortobágy National Park - the Puszta". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  12. ^ "Millenary Benedictine Abbey of Pannonhalma and its Natural Environment". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  13. ^ "Old Village of Hollókő and its Surroundings". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  14. ^ "Tokaj Wine Region Historic Cultural Landscape". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  15. ^ "Tentative Lists". UNESCO. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 

External links[edit]