List of World Heritage Sites in Southeast Asia

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The UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) has designated 33 World Heritage Sites in seven countries (also called "state parties") of Southeast Asia: Indonesia, Vietnam, Thailand, Philippines, Malaysia, Myanmar, Cambodia and Laos. Three states in the region do not have any World Heritage Site: Brunei, Singapore and East Timor.[1][2]

Indonesia and Vietnam lead this list with eight inscribed sites, Philippines has six sites, while Thailand has five sites, Malaysia four, followed by Cambodia and Laos each with two inscribed sites and Myanmar with one inscribed site.[3] The first sites from the region were inscribed at the 15th session of the World Heritage Committee in 1991.[4] The latest sites inscribed are the Mount Hamiguitan Range Wildlife Sanctuary in the Philippines, Pyu Ancient Cities in Myanmar and the Tràng An Scenic Landscape Complex in Vietnam inscribed in 38th session of the Committee in Doha, Qatar in June 2014.[5] Each year, UNESCO's World Heritage Committee may inscribe new sites on the list, or delist sites that that no longer meet the criteria. Selection is based on ten criteria: six for cultural heritage (i–vi) and four for natural heritage (vii–x).[6] Some sites, designated "mixed sites," represent both cultural and natural heritage. In Southeast Asia, there are 22 cultural, 13 natural, and 1 mixed sites.[3]

The World Heritage Committee may also specify that a site is endangered, citing "conditions which threaten the very characteristics for which a property was inscribed on the World Heritage List." One site in this region, Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra is listed as endangered, and two sites, Angkor and Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras, had been listed but lost that status in 2004 and 2012, respectively.

Legend[edit]

The table is sortable by column by clicking on the Sort both.gif at the top of the appropriate column; alphanumerically for the Site, Area, and Year columns; by state party for the Location column; and by criteria type for the Criteria column. Transborder sites sort at the bottom.

Site; named after the World Heritage Committee's official designation[3]
Location; at city, regional, or provincial level and geocoordinates
Criteria; as defined by the World Heritage Committee[6]
Area; in hectares and acres. If available, the size of the buffer zone has been noted as well. A value of zero implies that no data has been published by UNESCO
Year; during which the site was inscribed to the World Heritage List
Description; brief information about the site, including reasons for qualifying as an endangered site, if applicable.

Inscribed sites[edit]

  † In danger
Site Image Location Criteria Area
ha (acre)
Year Description Refs
Angkor Ruins of a large structure with five large towers at the top. Siem Reap Province,  Cambodia
13°26′N 103°50′E / 13.433°N 103.833°E / 13.433; 103.833 (Angkor)
Cultural:
(i), (ii), (iii), (iv)
700440000000000000040,000 (99,000) 1992 The site was listed as endangered from its inscription in times of political instability following the civil war in the 1980s to 2004. [7][8]
[9]
Archaeological Heritage of the Lenggong Valley Lenggong Valley. Perak,  Malaysia
5°4′N 100°58′E / 5.067°N 100.967°E / 5.067; 100.967 (Lenggong Valley)
Cultural:
(iii), (iv)
7002399000000000000399 (990) 2012 [10]
Ban Chiang Archaeological Site
Vase with red and white design.
Udon Thani Province,  Thailand
17°32′55″N 103°47′23″E / 17.54861°N 103.78972°E / 17.54861; 103.78972 (Ban Chiang Archaeological Site)
Cultural:
(iii)
700164000000000000064 (160) 1992 [11]
Baroque Churches of the Philippines Interior of a church with white walls and coffered ceiling. Manila; Santa Maria, Ilocos Sur; Paoay, Ilocos Norte and Miag-ao, Iloilo;  Philippines
14°35′24″N 120°58′12″E / 14.59000°N 120.97000°E / 14.59000; 120.97000 (Baroque Churches of the Philippines)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
1993 [12]
Borobudur Temple Compounds A terraced pyramid like structure with a stupa on top. Magelang Regency, Central Java  Indonesia
7°36′28″S 110°12′13″E / 7.60778°S 110.20361°E / -7.60778; 110.20361 (Borobudur Temple Compounds)
Cultural:
(i), (ii), (vi)
1991 [13]
Central Sector of the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long - Hanoi
Stone tower on top of a stone wall. The wall has circular wheel-shaped windows and a red flag with yellow star is raised on top of the tower.
Hanoi,  Vietnam
21°2′22″N 105°50′14″E / 21.03944°N 105.83722°E / 21.03944; 105.83722 (Central Sector of the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long - Hanoi)
Cultural:
(ii), (iii), (vi)
700118000000000000018 (44); buffer zone 108 (270) 2010 [14]
Citadel of the Hồ Dynasty A gate built of massive grey stones. Tây Giai, Vĩnh Lộc District, Thanh Hóa Province,  Vietnam
20°4′41″N 105°36′17″E / 20.07806°N 105.60472°E / 20.07806; 105.60472 (Citadel of the Ho Dynasty)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
7002156000000000000156 (390); buffer zone 5,079 (12,550) 2011 [15]
Complex of Hué Monuments Staircase leading to a building of dark stone. A simple decorated gate is at the top of the staircase. Thừa Thiên–Huế Province,  Vietnam
16°28′10″N 107°34′40″E / 16.46944°N 107.57778°E / 16.46944; 107.57778 (Complex of Hué Monuments)
Cultural:
(iii), (iv)
1993 [16]
Cultural Landscape of Bali Province: the Subak System as a Manifestation of the Tri Hita Karana Philosophy Rice terrace at entrance to Gunung Kawi temple demonstrate the traditional Subak irrigation system, Tampaksiring, Bali. Bali  Indonesia
8°20′0″S 115°0′0″E / 8.33333°S 115.00000°E / -8.33333; 115.00000 (Cultural Landscape of Bali Province)
Cultural:
(ii), (iii), (v), (vi)
700419520000000000019,520 (48,200) 2012 1194rev[17]
Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex
Medium sized waterfall in a tropical forest.
Saraburi, Nakhon Ratchasima, Nakhon Nayok, Prachinburi, Sa Kaeo and Buriram Provinces  Thailand
14°20′N 102°3′E / 14.333°N 102.050°E / 14.333; 102.050 (Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex)
Natural:
(x)
7005615500000000000615,500 (1,521,000) 2005 [18]
Gunung Mulu National Park Sunset or sunrise over a mountain landscape with fog in the valleys. northern Sarawak, Borneo,  Malaysia
4°8′N 114°55′E / 4.133°N 114.917°E / 4.133; 114.917 (Gunung Mulu National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (viii), (ix), (x)
700452864000000000052,864 (130,630) 2000 [19]
Hạ Long Bay Forested rocks in the sea. Quảng Ninh Province,  Vietnam
20°54′N 107°6′E / 20.900°N 107.100°E / 20.900; 107.100 (Ha Long Bay)
Natural:
(vii), (viii)
7005150000000000000150,000 (370,000) 1994[nb 1] [20]
Historic City of Ayutthaya Ruins of stupas of various sizes. Ayutthaya province,  Thailand
14°20′52″N 100°33′38″E / 14.34778°N 100.56056°E / 14.34778; 100.56056 (Historic City of Ayutthaya)
Cultural:
(iii)
7002289000000000000289 (710) 1991 [21]
Historic Town of Sukhothai and Associated Historic Towns
Large white seated Buddha statue.
Sukhothai and Kamphaeng Phet Provinces,  Thailand
17°0′26″N 99°47′23″E / 17.00722°N 99.78972°E / 17.00722; 99.78972 (Historic Town of Sukhothai and Associated Historic Towns)
Cultural:
(i), (iii)
700411852000000000011,852 (29,290) 1991 [22]
Historic Town of Vigan Street of three-storied ramshackle colonial style buildings. Ilocos Sur,  Philippines
17°34′30″N 120°23′15″E / 17.57500°N 120.38750°E / 17.57500; 120.38750 (Historic Town of Vigan)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
1999 [23]
Hội An Ancient Town Street lined by rows of two-storied stone houses opening onto the street. Hội An, Quảng Nam Province,  Vietnam
15°53′0″N 108°20′0″E / 15.88333°N 108.33333°E / 15.88333; 108.33333 (Hoi An Ancient Town)
Cultural:
(ii), (v)
700130000000000000030 (74); buffer zone 280 (690) 1999 [24]
Kinabalu Park Mountain with a rocky top and forested slopes. There is a narro high waterfall on one side of the mountain slope. Sabah, Borneo,  Malaysia
6°15′N 116°30′E / 6.250°N 116.500°E / 6.250; 116.500 (Kinabalu Park)
Natural:
(ix), (x)
700475370000000000075,370 (186,200) 2000 [25]
Komodo National Park
Komodo dragon at Komodo National Park, Indonesia.
East Nusa Tenggara  Indonesia
8°33′S 119°29′E / 8.550°S 119.483°E / -8.550; 119.483 (Komodo National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (x)
7005219322000000000219,322 (541,960) 1991 [26]
Lorentz National Park A rocky mountain ridge. Papua  Indonesia
4°45′S 137°50′E / 4.750°S 137.833°E / -4.750; 137.833 (Lorentz National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (ix), (x)
70062350000000000002,350,000 (5,800,000) 1999 [27]
Melaka and George Town, Historic Cities of the Straits of Malacca Town scene with three-storied red houses and a red church. There is a three-storied clock tower standing on a square. Malacca and Penang, Malay Peninsula,  Malaysia
5°25′17″N 100°20′45″E / 5.42139°N 100.34583°E / 5.42139; 100.34583 (Melaka and George Town, Historic Cities of the Straits of Malacca)
Cultural:
(ii), (iii), (iv)
7002148000000000000148 (370); buffer zone 284 (700) 2008 [28]
Mount Hamiguitan Range Wildlife Sanctuary Mount Hamiguitan. Davao Oriental,  Philippines
6°43′1.81″N 126°10′24.35″E / 6.7171694°N 126.1734306°E / 6.7171694; 126.1734306 (Mount Hamiguitan Range Wildlife Sanctuary)
Natural:
(x)
2014 Mt. Hamiguitan Range Wildlife Sanctuary in Mindanao, Philippines is the only protected forest noted for its unique bonsai field or 'pygmy' forest of 100-year old trees in an ultramafic soil. [29]
Mỹ Sơn Sanctuary Ruins of buildings of red stone with niches and sculptures. The roof of one of the structures is partially covered in grass. Duy Phú, Duy Xuyên District, Quảng Nam Province,  Vietnam
15°31′0″N 108°34′0″E / 15.51667°N 108.56667°E / 15.51667; 108.56667 (My Son Sanctuary)
Cultural:
(ii), (iii)
7002142000000000000142 (350); buffer zone 920 (2,300) 1999 [30]
Phong Nha-Kẻ Bàng National Park Landscape with river and densely forested hills. Bố Trạch and Minh Hóa districts, Quảng Bình Province,  Vietnam
17°32′14″N 106°9′5″E / 17.53722°N 106.15139°E / 17.53722; 106.15139 (Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park)
Natural:
(viii)
700485754000000000085,754 (211,900) 2003 [31]
Prambanan Temple Compounds The main shrine of Prambanan temple compound dedicated to Shiva, surrounded by numbers of smaller shrines. Central Java  Indonesia
7°45′8″S 110°29′30″E / 7.75222°S 110.49167°E / -7.75222; 110.49167 (Prambanan Temple Compounds)
Cultural:
(i), (iv)
1991 [32]
Puerto-Princesa Subterranean River National Park A river flowing into a cave. Palawan,  Philippines
10°10′0″N 118°55′0″E / 10.16667°N 118.91667°E / 10.16667; 118.91667 (Puerto-Princesa Subterranean River National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (x)
70035753000000000005,753 (14,220) 1999 [33]
Pyu Ancient Cities Mandalay, Magway, Bago,  Myanmar
22°28′12″N 95°49′7″E / 22.47000°N 95.81861°E / 22.47000; 95.81861 (Pyu Ancient Cities)
Cultural:
(ii), (iii), (iv)
2014 [34]
Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras Small village among rice terraces. Ifugao, Cordillera Region,  Philippines
16°56′2″N 121°8′12″E / 16.93389°N 121.13667°E / 16.93389; 121.13667 (Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras)
Cultural:
(iii), (iv), (v)
1995 This site was removed from the "endangered" list in 2012 due to the success of the government's conservation efforts. [35][36]
Sangiran Early Man Site Upper part of a petrified skull including some teeth. Central Java  Indonesia
7°24′0″S 110°49′0″E / 7.40000°S 110.81667°E / -7.40000; 110.81667 (Sangiran Early Man Site)
Cultural:
(iii), (vi)
70035600000000000005,600 (14,000) 1996 [37]
Temple of Preah Vihear Ruins of a stone building erected on a stone platform. The roof above the main entrance is decorated. Preah Vihear Province,  Cambodia
14°23′18″N 104°41′2″E / 14.38833°N 104.68389°E / 14.38833; 104.68389 (Temple of Preah Vihear)
Cultural:
(i)
7002155000000000000155 (380); buffer zone 2,643 (6,530) 2008 [38]
Thungyai-Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuaries
A river flowing through a forested mountain landscape.
Kanchanaburi, Tak and Uthai Thani Provinces  Thailand
15°20′N 98°55′E / 15.333°N 98.917°E / 15.333; 98.917 (Thungyai-Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuaries)
Natural:
(vii), (ix), (x)
7005622200000000000622,200 (1,537,000) 1991 [39]
Town of Luang Prabang Stone building with golden decorated entrance, stacked and very steep roofs. Luang Prabang Province,  Laos
19°53′20″N 102°8′0″E / 19.88889°N 102.13333°E / 19.88889; 102.13333 (Town of Luang Prabang)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv), (v)
1995 [40]
Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra A high mountain beyond grassland interspersed with trees. Sumatra,  Indonesia
2°30′S 101°30′E / 2.500°S 101.500°E / -2.500; 101.500 (Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra)
Natural:
(vii), (ix), (x)
70062595124000000002,595,124 (6,412,690) 2004 The site has been listed as endangered since 2011 due to poaching, illegal logging, agricultural encroachment, and plans to build roads. [41][42]
Tubbataha Reefs Natural Park Shark and corrals. Cagayancillo, Palawan,  Philippines
8°57′12″N 119°52′3″E / 8.95333°N 119.86750°E / 8.95333; 119.86750 (Tubbataha Reefs Natural Park)
Natural:
(vii), (ix), (x)
7005130028000000000130,028 (321,310) 1993[nb 2] [43][44]
Ujung Kulon National Park Rocky ground within a tropical forest. Banten and Lampung,  Indonesia
6°45′S 105°20′E / 6.750°S 105.333°E / -6.750; 105.333 (Ujung Kulon National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (x)
700478525000000000078,525 (194,040) 1991 [45]
Vat Phou and Associated Ancient Settlements within the Champasak Cultural Landscape Ruins of stone buildings in a very green lush mountain landscape. Champasak Province,  Laos
14°50′54″N 105°49′20″E / 14.84833°N 105.82222°E / 14.84833; 105.82222 (Vat Phou and Associated Ancient Settlements within the Champasak Cultural Landscape)
Cultural:
(iii), (iv), (vi)
700439000000000000039,000 (96,000) 2001 [46]
Tràng An Scenic Landscape Complex Tam Cốc in Hoa Lư Ancient Capital Ninh Binh Province,  Vietnam
20°15′24″N 105°53′47″E / 20.25667°N 105.89639°E / 20.25667; 105.89639 (Trang An - Ninh Binh)
Mixed:
(v), (vii), (viii)
2014 [47]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Extended inscription in 2000 to include natural criterion (i) (in present nomenclature criterion (vii)).
  2. ^ Extended in 2009 and name change from Tubbataha Reef Marine Park to the present name.

References[edit]

General
Notes
  1. ^ "Number of World Heritage Properties by region". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 September 2011. 
  2. ^ "Composition of macro geographical (continental) regions, geographical sub-regions, and selected economic and other groupings". Geographical region and composition of each region. United Nations Statistics Division. 2010. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c "World Heritage List". UNESCO. Retrieved 2 July 2012. 
  4. ^ "Number of World Heritage properties inscribed each Year". UNESCO. Retrieved 8 September 2011. 
  5. ^ "Mount Hamiguitan Range Wildlife Sanctuary". UNESCO. Retrieved 23 June 2014. 
  6. ^ a b "The Criteria for Selection". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 September 2011. 
  7. ^ "Angkor". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  8. ^ 16th session 1992, pp. 37–38, annex VI
  9. ^ 28th session 2004, pp. 66–67
  10. ^ "Archaeological Heritage of the Lenggong Valley". UNESCO. Retrieved 2 July 2012. 
  11. ^ "Ban Chiang Archaeological Site". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  12. ^ "Baroque Churches of the Philippines". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  13. ^ "Borobudur Temple Compounds". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  14. ^ "Central Sector of the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long - Hanoi". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  15. ^ "Citadel of the Ho Dynasty". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  16. ^ "Complex of Hué Monuments". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  17. ^ "Cultural Landscape of Bali Province". UNESCO. Retrieved 1 July 2012. 
  18. ^ "Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  19. ^ "Gunung Mulu National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  20. ^ "Ha Long Bay". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  21. ^ "Historic City of Ayutthaya". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  22. ^ "Historic Town of Sukhothai and Associated Historic Towns". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  23. ^ "Historic Town of Vigan". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  24. ^ "Hoi An Ancient Town". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  25. ^ "Kinabalu Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  26. ^ "Komodo National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  27. ^ "Lorentz National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  28. ^ "Melaka and George Town, Historic Cities of the Straits of Malacca". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  29. ^ "Mount Hamiguitan Range Wildlife Sanctuary". UNESCO. Retrieved 23 June 2014. 
  30. ^ "My Son Sanctuary". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  31. ^ "Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  32. ^ "Prambanan Temple Compounds". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  33. ^ "Puerto-Princesa Subterranean River National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  34. ^ "Pyu Ancient Cities". UNESCO. Retrieved 22 June 2014. 
  35. ^ "Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  36. ^ 15th session 2001, pp. 139–141
  37. ^ "Sangiran Early Man Site". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  38. ^ "Temple of Preah Vihear". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  39. ^ "Thungyai-Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuaries". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  40. ^ "Town of Luang Prabang". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  41. ^ "Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra". UNESCO. Retrieved 25 June 2011. 
  42. ^ "Danger listing for Indonesia's Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 July 2011. 
  43. ^ "Tubbataha Reefs Natural Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  44. ^ "Decision - 33COM 8B.3 - Natural properties - Extension of properties already inscribed on the World Heritage List - Tubbataha Reef Marine Park (Philippines)". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  45. ^ "Ujung Kulon National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  46. ^ "Vat Phou and Associated Ancient Settlements within the Champasak Cultural Landscape". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  47. ^ "Trang An Landscape Complex". UNESCO. Retrieved 23 June 2014.