List of World Heritage Sites in Western Asia

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The UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) has designated 71 World Heritage Sites in 17 countries (also called "state parties") of Western Asia: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Qatar and Yemen. One site is located in Jerusalem.[nb 1] Kuwait is the only country in the region that does not have any World Heritage Sites.[1][2]

In this region, Iran is home to the most inscribed sites with 17 sites.[3] The first sites to be recognized by UNESCO from the region were Persepolis, Meidan Emam, Esfahan, Tchogha Zanbil (Iran) and the Ancient City of Damascus (Syria).[4] Each year, UNESCO's World Heritage Committee may inscribe new sites on the list, or delist sites that that no longer meet the criteria. Selection is based on ten criteria: six for cultural heritage (i–vi) and four for natural heritage (vii–x).[5] Some sites, designated "mixed sites," represent both cultural and natural heritage. In Western Asia, there are 67 cultural, 1 natural, and 3 mixed sites.[3]

The World Heritage Committee may also specify that a site is endangered, citing "conditions which threaten the very characteristics for which a property was inscribed on the World Heritage List." Seven sites in this region are currently listed as endangered, one site (Bahla Fort) has been listed previously and possible danger listing has been considered by UNESCO in a number of other cases.[6]

Legend[edit]

The table is sortable by column by clicking on the Sort both.gif at the top of the appropriate column; alphanumerically for the Site, Area, and Year columns; by state party for the Location column; and by criteria type for the Criteria column. Transborder sites sort at the bottom.

Site; named after the World Heritage Committee's official designation[3]
Location; at city, regional, or provincial level and geocoordinates
Criteria; as defined by the World Heritage Committee[5]
Area; in hectares and acres. If available, the size of the buffer zone has been noted as well. A value of zero implies that no data has been published by UNESCO
Year; during which the site was inscribed to the World Heritage List
Description; brief information about the site, including reasons for qualifying as an endangered site, if applicable

Inscribed sites[edit]

  † In danger
Site Image Location Criteria Area
ha (acre)
Year Description Refs
Aflaj Irrigation Systems of Oman Sharqiyah and Batinah Regions,  Oman
22°59′56″N 57°32′10″E / 22.99889°N 57.53611°E / 22.99889; 57.53611 (Aflaj Irrigation Systems of Oman)
Cultural:
(v)
70031456000000000001,456 (3,600); buffer zone 16,404 (40,540) 2006 [7]
Al-Hijr Archaeological Site (Madâin Sâlih) Buildings with a classicist facade built into a cliff face. Al Madinah Province,  Saudi Arabia
26°47′1″N 37°57′18″E / 26.78361°N 37.95500°E / 26.78361; 37.95500 (Al-Hijr Archaeological Site (Madâin Sâlih))
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)
70031621000000000001,621 (4,010); buffer zone 1,659 (4,100) 2008 [8]
Al Zubarah Archaeological Site Zubarah Fort. Madinat ash Shamal,  Qatar
25°58′41″N 51°1′47″E / 25.97806°N 51.02972°E / 25.97806; 51.02972 (Al Zubarah Archaeological Site)
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)(v)
7002416000000000000416 (1,030); buffer zone 7,196 (17,780) 2013 [9]
Ancient City of Aleppo City view with a wall and a mosque. Aleppo Governorate,  Syria
36°14′0″N 37°10′0″E / 36.23333°N 37.16667°E / 36.23333; 37.16667 (Ancient City of Aleppo)
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)
7002350000000000000350 (860) 1986 [10]
Ancient City of Bosra An old amphitheatre. Daraa Governorate,  Syria
32°31′5″N 36°28′54″E / 32.51806°N 36.48167°E / 32.51806; 36.48167 (Ancient City of Bosra)
Cultural:
(i)(iii)(vi)
1980 [11]
Ancient City of Damascus Ruins of a stone building with columns and without roof. Damascus Governorate,  Syria
33°30′41″N 36°18′23″E / 33.51139°N 36.30639°E / 33.51139; 36.30639 (Ancient City of Damascus)
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
700186000000000000086 (210) 1979 [12]
Ancient Villages of Northern Syria Ruins of a stone church without roof.  Syria
36°20′3″N 36°50′39″E / 36.33417°N 36.84417°E / 36.33417; 36.84417 (Ancient Villages of Northern Syria)
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)(v)
700412290000000000012,290 (30,400) 2011 [13]
Anjar Ruins of buildings consisting of some arches. Beqaa Governorate,  Lebanon
33°43′33″N 35°55′47″E / 33.72583°N 35.92972°E / 33.72583; 35.92972 (Anjar)
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)
1984 [14]
Archaeological Site of Troy Ruined walls. Çanakkale Province,  Turkey
39°57′23″N 26°14′20″E / 39.95639°N 26.23889°E / 39.95639; 26.23889 (Archaeological Site of Troy)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(vi)
7002158000000000000158 (390) 1998 [15]
Archaeological Sites of Bat, Al-Khutm and Al-Ayn  — Ad Dhahirah Region,  Oman
23°16′11″N 56°44′42″E / 23.26972°N 56.74500°E / 23.26972; 56.74500 (Archaeological Sites of Bat, Al-Khutm and Al-Ayn)
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)
1988 [16]
Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran Stone church in the mountains with two massive towers topped by a conical roof West Azerbaijan,  Iran
38°58′44″N 45°28′24″E / 38.97889°N 45.47333°E / 38.97889; 45.47333 (Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(vi)
7002129000000000000129 (320); buffer zone 655 (1,620) 2008 including: St Thaddeus Monastery, St Stepanos Monastery, Chapel of Dzordzor, Chapel of Chupan, Church of the Holy Mother of God [17]
Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat)
American soldiers on guard at the ruins of Ashur in 2008
Salah ad Din Governorate,  Iraq
35°27′32″N 43°15′35″E / 35.45889°N 43.25972°E / 35.45889; 43.25972 (Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat))
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)
700170000000000000070 (170); buffer zone 100 (250) 2003 [18]
[19]
At-Turaif District in ad-Dir'iyah Earthen colored building with small windows. Riyadh Province,  Saudi Arabia
24°44′3″N 46°34′21″E / 24.73417°N 46.57250°E / 24.73417; 46.57250 (At-Turaif District in ad-Dir'iyah)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)
700129000000000000029 (72) 2008 [20]
Baalbek Fairly well preserved classical building surrounded by columns. Beqaa Governorate,  Lebanon
34°0′25″N 36°12′18″E / 34.00694°N 36.20500°E / 34.00694; 36.20500 (Baalbek)
Cultural:
(i)(iv)
1984 [21]
Bahá’i Holy Places in Haifa and the Western Galilee Large white buildings in a landscape garden. Haifa and North District,  Israel
32°49′46″N 34°58′18″E / 32.82944°N 34.97167°E / 32.82944; 34.97167 (Bahá’i Holy Places in Haifa and the Western Galilee)
Cultural:
(iii)(vi)
700163000000000000063 (160); buffer zone 255 (630) 2008 [22]
Bahla Fort Fort with towers, walls and small windows. Ad Dakhiliyah Region,  Oman
22°57′51″N 57°18′4″E / 22.96417°N 57.30111°E / 22.96417; 57.30111 (Bahla Fort)
Cultural:
(iv)
1987 [23]
Bam and its Cultural Landscape View over a large ruined city colored uniformly in a grey-brown tone. In the background there is a castle in overlooking the surrounding city. Kerman,  Iran
29°07′00.68″N 58°22′06.51″E / 29.1168556°N 58.3684750°E / 29.1168556; 58.3684750 (Bam and its Cultural Landscape)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(iv)(v)
2004 [24]
Biblical tells - Megiddo, Hazor, Beer Sheba Ruins of building consisting of low walls of unhewn stones.  Israel
32°35′50″N 35°10′56″E / 32.59722°N 35.18222°E / 32.59722; 35.18222 (Biblical Tels - Megiddo, Hazor, Beer Sheba)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
700196000000000000096 (240); buffer zone 604 (1,490) 2005 [25]
Bisotun Frieze in a rock with many people. Kermanshah,  Iran
34°23′18″N 47°26′12″E / 34.38833°N 47.43667°E / 34.38833; 47.43667 (Bisotun)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)
7002187000000000000187 (460); buffer zone 361 (890) 2006 [26]
Bursa and Cumalıkızık: the Birth of the Ottoman Empire 71 Bursa la Grande Moschea.jpg City of Bursa and village of Cumalıkızık, Bursa Province,  Turkey
40°11′5.03″N 29°3′44.41″E / 40.1847306°N 29.0623361°E / 40.1847306; 29.0623361 (City of Bursa)
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
7002193000000000000193 (480) 2014 [27]
Byblos A small port in a town. Mount Lebanon Governorate,  Lebanon
34°7′9″N 35°38′51″E / 34.11917°N 35.64750°E / 34.11917; 35.64750 (Byblos)
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)(vi)
1984 [28]
Caves of Maresha and Bet-Guvrin in the Judean Lowlands as a Microcosm of the Land of the Caves Beit Guvrin 1.JPG Southern District,  Israel
31°36′0″N 34°53′44″E / 31.60000°N 34.89556°E / 31.60000; 34.89556 (Caves of Maresha and Bet-Guvrin)
Cultural:
(V)
7002259000000000000259 (640) 2014 [29]
Cathedral and Churches of Echmiatsin and the Archaeological Site of Zvartnots Stone church with a central tower topped by a conical roof and several smaller towers. Armavir Province,  Armenia
40°9′33.5″N 44°17′42.5″E / 40.159306°N 44.295139°E / 40.159306; 44.295139 (Cathedral and Churches of Echmiatsin and the Archaeological Site of Zvartnots)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)
700174000000000000074 (180) 2000 [30]
Choirokoitia Small white circular huts with flat roof. Larnaca District,  Cyprus
34°47′54″N 33°20′36″E / 34.79833°N 33.34333°E / 34.79833; 33.34333 (Choirokoitia)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(iv)
1998 [31]
Birthplace of Jesus: Church of the Nativity and the Pilgrimage Route, Bethlehem View of The Church of the Nativity from Manger Square. Bethlehem Governorate,  Palestine

31°42′15.50″N 35°12′27.50″E / 31.7043056°N 35.2076389°E / 31.7043056; 35.2076389 (Church of the Nativity)

Cultural:
(iv), (vi)
70002980000000000002.98 (7.4) 2012 [32][33]
Citadel of Arbil(Erbil citadel) The Erbil citadel.  Iraqi Kurdistan
36°11′28″N 44°0′33″E / 36.19111°N 44.00917°E / 36.19111; 44.00917 (Erbil Citadel)
Cultural:
(iv)
700116000000000000016 (40); buffer zone 268 (660) 2014 [34]
City of Safranbolu White houses with red tile roofs on a hillside. City and district of Safranbolu, Karabük Province,  Turkey
41°15′36″N 32°41′23″E / 41.26000°N 32.68972°E / 41.26000; 32.68972 (City of Safranbolu)
Cultural:
(ii)(iv)(v)
7002193000000000000193 (480) 1994 [35]
Crac des Chevaliers and Qal’at Salah El-Din A fortress of grey stone. Homs and Latakia Governorates,  Syria
34°46′54″N 36°15′47″E / 34.78167°N 36.26306°E / 34.78167; 36.26306 (Crac des Chevaliers and Qal’at Salah El-Din)
Cultural:
(ii)(iv)
70009000000000000009 (22) 2006 [36]
Cultural Sites of Al Ain (Hafit, Hili, Bidaa Bint Saud and Oases Areas) A sandy path lined by low walls behind which are many palm trees.  United Arab Emirates
24°4′4″N 55°48′23″E / 24.06778°N 55.80639°E / 24.06778; 55.80639 (Cultural Sites of Al Ain (Hafit, Hili, Bidaa Bint Saud and Oases Areas))
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)(v)
70034945000000000004,945 (12,220); buffer zone 7,605 (18,790) 2011 [37]
Gobustan Rock Art Cultural Landscape Petroglyphs of humans. Garadagh and Absheron districts,  Azerbaijan
40°7′30″N 49°22′30″E / 40.12500°N 49.37500°E / 40.12500; 49.37500 (Gobustan Rock Art Cultural Landscape)
Cultural:
(iii)
7002537000000000000537 (1,330); buffer zone 3,096 (7,650) 2007 [38]
Golestan Palace Shams-ol-Emareh with the clock tower Tehran,  Iran
35°40′49.32″N 51°25′13.84″E / 35.6803667°N 51.4205111°E / 35.6803667; 51.4205111 (Golestan Palace)
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)
70005300000000000005.3 (13); buffer zone 26 (64) 2013 [39]
Gonbad-e Qabus A tower toped with conical roof Golestan,  Iran
37°15′28.9″N 55°10′8.4″E / 37.258028°N 55.169000°E / 37.258028; 55.169000 (Gonbad-e Qabus)
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)
70001480000000000001.48 (3.7); buffer zone 18 (44) 2012 [40]
Great Mosque and Hospital of Divriği Low building of reddish stone with a prominent decorated entrance. city and district of Divriği, Sivas Province,  Turkey
39°22′25″N 38°7′25″E / 39.37361°N 38.12361°E / 39.37361; 38.12361 (Great Mosque and Hospital of Divriği)
Cultural:
(i)(iv)
70032016000000000002,016 (4,980) 1985 [41]
Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia White stone pinnacle rocks topped by a dark colored rock. Nevşehir Province in Central Anatolia Region,  Turkey
38°40′0″N 34°51′0″E / 38.66667°N 34.85000°E / 38.66667; 34.85000 (Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia)
Mixed:
(i)(iii)(v)(vii)
70039576000000000009,576 (23,660) 1985 [42]
Hatra Ruins of buildings with columns. Ninawa Governorate,  Iraq
35°35′17″N 42°43′6″E / 35.58806°N 42.71833°E / 35.58806; 42.71833 (Hatra)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
7002324000000000000324 (800) 1985 [43]
Hattusha: the Hittite Capital Stone gate with sculpted lions. Sungurlu, Çorum Province,  Turkey
40°0′50″N 34°37′14″E / 40.01389°N 34.62056°E / 40.01389; 34.62056 (Hattusha: the Hittite Capital)
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)
7002268000000000000268 (660) 1986 [44]
Hierapolis-Pamukkale Hanging white limestone wall. Denizli Province,  Turkey
37°55′26″N 29°7′24″E / 37.92389°N 29.12333°E / 37.92389; 29.12333 (Hierapolis-Pamukkale)
Mixed:
(iii)(iv)(vii)
70031077000000000001,077 (2,660) 1988 [45]
Historic Areas of Istanbul A large building with a square tower, three mosques and ten minarets near water. Istanbul city and Istanbul Province,  Turkey
41°0′30″N 28°58′48″E / 41.00833°N 28.98000°E / 41.00833; 28.98000 (Historic Areas of Istanbul)
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)
7002678000000000000678 (1,680) 1985 [46]
Historic Jeddah, the Gate to Makkah Traditional house in Al Balad.JPG Jeddah,  Saudi Arabia
21°29′2″N 39°11′15″E / 21.48389°N 39.18750°E / 21.48389; 39.18750 (Jeddah)
Cultural:
(ii)(iv)(vi)
700118000000000000018 (44) ; buffer zone 7002114000000000000114 (280) 2014 [47]
Historic Town of Zabid Partially ruined stone building with a decorated facade. Al Hudaydah Governorate,  Yemen
14°11′53″N 43°19′48″E / 14.19806°N 43.33000°E / 14.19806; 43.33000 (Historic Town of Zabid)
Cultural:
(iii)
1993 [48]
[49]
Incense Route – Desert Cities in the Negev Ruins of buildings in a desert. Negev,  Israel
30°32′28″N 35°9′39″E / 30.54111°N 35.16083°E / 30.54111; 35.16083 (Incense Route – Desert Cities in the Negev)
Cultural:
(iii)(v)
2005 [50]
Land of Frankincense Ruins at Khor Rori Dhofar Governorate,  Oman
18°15′12″N 53°38′51″E / 18.25333°N 53.64750°E / 18.25333; 53.64750 (Land of Frankincense)
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)
7002850000000000000850 (2,100); buffer zone 1,243 (3,070) 2000 [51][52]
Land of Olives and Vines Bethlehem Governorate,  Palestine

31°43′11″N 35°7′50″E / 31.71972°N 35.13056°E / 31.71972; 35.13056 (Land of Olives and Vines)

Cultural:
(iv), (v)
2014 [53]
Masada Ruins of a building made of unhewn stones. South District,  Israel
31°18′49″N 35°21′10″E / 31.31361°N 35.35278°E / 31.31361; 35.35278 (Masada)
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)(vi)
7002276000000000000276 (680); buffer zone 28,965 (71,570) 2001 [54]
Masjed-e Jāmé of Isfahan Mosque Courtyard. Isfahan,  Iran
32°40′11″N 51°41′7″E / 32.66972°N 51.68528°E / 32.66972; 51.68528 (Masjed-e Jāmé of Isfahan)
Cultural:
(ii)
70002080000000000002.08 (5.1); buffer zone 19 (47) 2012 [55]
Meidan Emam, Esfahan Large rectangular square surrounded by buildings some of which have cuppolas. Isfahan,  Iran
32°39′27″N 51°40′40″E / 32.65750°N 51.67778°E / 32.65750; 51.67778 (Meidan Emam, Esfahan)
Cultural:
(i)(v)(vi)
1979 [56]
Monasteries of Haghpat and Sanahin Small church of dark stone with a central tower topped by a conical roof. Haghpat and Sanahin, Lori Province,  Armenia
41°5′42″N 44°42′37″E / 41.09500°N 44.71028°E / 41.09500; 44.71028 (Monasteries of Haghpat and Sanahin)
Cultural:
(ii)(iv)
70002650000000000002.65 (6.5); buffer zone 24 (59) 1996[nb 2] [57]
Monastery of Geghard and the Upper Azat Valley Stone church with a central tower topped by a conical roof. near Goght, Kotayk Province,  Armenia
40°9′32″N 44°47′48″E / 40.15889°N 44.79667°E / 40.15889; 44.79667 (Monastery of Geghard and the Upper Azat Valley)
Cultural:
(ii)
70002700000000000002.70 (6.7) 2000 [58]
Nemrut Dağ Large sculpted heads of a bird and a human lying on the ground. Adiyaman Province,  Turkey
38°2′12″N 38°45′49″E / 38.03667°N 38.76361°E / 38.03667; 38.76361 (Nemrut Dağ)
Cultural:
(i)(iii)(iv)
700111000000000000011 (27) 1987 [59]
Neolithic Site of Çatalhöyük Excavations at the southern area of the site. Central Anatolia Region,  Turkey
37°40′0″N 32°49′41″E / 37.66667°N 32.82806°E / 37.66667; 32.82806 (Neolithic Site of Çatalhöyük)
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)
700137000000000000037 (91); buffer zone 111 (270) 2012 [60]
Old City of Acre A fortress or a tower of a fortification. Western Galilee,  Israel
32°55′42″N 35°5′2″E / 32.92833°N 35.08389°E / 32.92833; 35.08389 (Old City of Acre)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(v)
700163000000000000063 (160) 2001 [61]
Pergamon and its Multi-Layered Cultural Landscape Pergamon - 01.jpg Bergama, Izmir Province  Turkey
39°7′33″N 27°10′48″E / 39.12583°N 27.18000°E / 39.12583; 27.18000 (Pergamom)
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
7002333000000000000333 (820); buffer zone 7002477000000000000477 (1,180) 2014 [62]
Old City of Sana'a Houses with beige walls and white framed windows. Sana'a Governorate,  Yemen
15°21′20″N 44°12′29″E / 15.35556°N 44.20806°E / 15.35556; 44.20806 (Old City of Sana'a)
Cultural:
(iv)(v)(vi)
1986 [63]
Shahr-e Sukhteh Ruins of buildings near a lake. Sistan and Baluchestan Province, Iran Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(iv)
70031456000000000001,456 (3,600); buffer zone 2,200 (5,400) 2014 [64]
Old Walled City of Shibam Tall and narrow white and brownish houses with small windows. Hadhramaut Governorate,  Yemen
15°55′37″N 48°37′36″E / 15.92694°N 48.62667°E / 15.92694; 48.62667 (Old Walled City of Shibam)
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)(v)
1982 [65]
Ouadi Qadisha (the Holy Valley) and the Forest of the Cedars of God (Horsh Arz el-Rab) Landscape with barren hills in the background, a valley and a mountain slope with low trees in the foreground. North Lebanon Governorate,  Lebanon
34°14′36″N 36°2′56″E / 34.24333°N 36.04889°E / 34.24333; 36.04889 (Ouadi Qadisha (the Holy Valley) and the Forest of the Cedars of God (Horsh Arz el-Rab))
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)
1998 [66]
Painted Churches in the Troodos Region Constantine and Helen, Church of Archangel Michael, Pedoulas Troodos Mountains, Limassol and Nicosia Districts,  Cyprus
34°55′13″N 33°5′45″E / 34.92028°N 33.09583°E / 34.92028; 33.09583 (Painted Churches in the Troodos Region)
Cultural:
(iii)(vi)
1985[nb 3] [67]
[68]
Paphos A colorful mosaic showing various people. Paphos District,  Cyprus
34°45′30″N 32°24′20″E / 34.75833°N 32.40556°E / 34.75833; 32.40556 (Paphos)
Cultural:
(iii)(vi)
1980 [69]
Pasargadae A small step pyramid like structure with a house-shaped structure on top. Pars,  Iran
30°11′38″N 53°10′2″E / 30.19389°N 53.16722°E / 30.19389; 53.16722 (Pasargadae)
Cultural:
(1)(ii)(iii)(iv)
7002160000000000000160 (400); buffer zone 7,127 (17,610) 2004 [70]
Pearling, Testimony of an Island Economy Windtower of Isa Bin Ali House, home of former ruler of Bahrain, in Muharraq, Bahrain Muharraq Governorate,  Bahrain
26°14′28.608″N 50°36′48.636″E / 26.24128000°N 50.61351000°E / 26.24128000; 50.61351000 (Pearling, Testimony of an Island Economy)
Cultural:
(iii)
700435087000000000035,087 (86,700); buffer zone 95,876 (236,910) 2012 [71]
Persepolis Ruins of buildings and a frieze depicting humans carrying staffs or lances. Fars,  Iran
29°56′4″N 52°52′25″E / 29.93444°N 52.87361°E / 29.93444; 52.87361 (Persepolis)
Cultural:
(i)(iii)(vi)
700113000000000000013 (32) 1979 [72]
Petra Facade of a building on a cliff face. Ma'an Governorate,  Jordan
30°19′50″N 35°26′36″E / 30.33056°N 35.44333°E / 30.33056; 35.44333 (Petra)
Cultural:
(i)(iii)(iv)
1985 [73]
Qal’at al-Bahrain – Ancient Harbour and Capital of Dilmun
Archaeological site of foundations of buildings.
Northern Governorate,  Bahrain
26°13′59″N 50°31′20″E / 26.23306°N 50.52222°E / 26.23306; 50.52222 (Qal’at al-Bahrain – Ancient Harbour and Capital of Dilmun)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(iv)
700132000000000000032 (79); buffer zone 1,238 (3,060) 2005[nb 4] [74]
[75]
Quseir Amra Small ruined stone building. Zarqa Governorate,  Jordan
31°48′7″N 36°35′9″E / 31.80194°N 36.58583°E / 31.80194; 36.58583 (Qasr Amra)
Cultural:
(i)(iii)(iv)
1985 [76]
Samarra Archaeological City
A slightly ruined spiral tower of white stone.
Salah ad Din Governorate,  Iraq
34°20′28″N 43°49′25″E / 34.34111°N 43.82361°E / 34.34111; 43.82361 (Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat))
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(iv)
700415058000000000015,058 (37,210); buffer zone 31,414 (77,630) 2007 [77]
[78]
Selimiye Mosque and its Social Complex Large mosque with four minarets and a large dome of dark stone. Edirne, East Thrace,  Turkey
41°40′40″N 26°33′34″E / 41.67778°N 26.55944°E / 41.67778; 26.55944 (Selimiye Mosque and its Social Complex)
Cultural:
(i)(iv)
70002500000000000002.50 (6.2); buffer zone 38 (94) 2011 [79]
Sheikh Safi al-din Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble in Ardabil Two cupolas covered in blue, yellow and brown tiles. Ardabil, Ardabil Province,  Iran
38°14′55″N 48°17′29″E / 38.24861°N 48.29139°E / 38.24861; 48.29139 (Sheikh Safi al-din Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble in Ardabil)
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iv)
70002140000000000002.14 (5.3); buffer zone 13 (32) 2010 [80]
Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System Ruins of a river bridge. Khuzestan,  Iran
32°1′7″N 48°50′9″E / 32.01861°N 48.83583°E / 32.01861; 48.83583 (Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System)
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(v)
7002240000000000000240 (590); buffer zone 1,572 (3,880) 2009 [81]
Site of Palmyra Ruins of stone buildigns with columns. Homs Governorate,  Syria
34°33′15″N 38°16′0″E / 34.55417°N 38.26667°E / 34.55417; 38.26667 (Site of Palmyra)
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iv)
69993600000000000000.36 (0.89) 1980 [82]
Sites of Human Evolution at Mount Carmel: The Nahal Me’arot / Wadi el-Mughara Caves Mount Carmel,  Israel
32°40′12″N 34°57′55″E / 32.67000°N 34.96528°E / 32.67000; 34.96528 (Sites of Human Evolution at Mount Carmel: The Nahal Me’arot / Wadi el-Mughara Caves)
Cultural:
(iii)(v)
700154000000000000054 (130); buffer zone 370 (910) 2012 [83]
Socotra Archipelago A tree over a dry, barren, rocky landscape. Hadhramaut Governorate,  Yemen
12°30′N 53°50′E / 12.500°N 53.833°E / 12.500; 53.833 (Socotra Archipelago)
Natural:
(x)
7005410460000000000410,460 (1,014,300); buffer zone 1,740,958 (4,302,000) 2008 [84]
Soltaniyeh Octagonal building with turquoise dome. Zanjan,  Iran
36°26′7″N 48°47′48″E / 36.43528°N 48.79667°E / 36.43528; 48.79667 (Soltaniyeh)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(iv)
7002790000000000000790 (2,000); buffer zone 350 (860) 2005 [85]
Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex Covered arcade lined by shops. Tabriz,  Iran
38°4′53″N 46°17′35″E / 38.08139°N 46.29306°E / 38.08139; 46.29306 (Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(iv)
700129000000000000029 (72); buffer zone 75 (190) 2010 [86]
Takht-e Soleyman Ruins of buildings near a lake. West Azerbaijan,  Iran
36°36′14″N 47°14′6″E / 36.60389°N 47.23500°E / 36.60389; 47.23500 (Takht-e Soleyman)
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
700110000000000000010 (25); buffer zone 7,438 (18,380) 2003 [87]
Tchogha Zanbil Ruins of a pyramid like structure. Khuzestan,  Iran
32°5′0″N 48°32′0″E / 32.08333°N 48.53333°E / 32.08333; 48.53333 (Tchogha Zanbil)
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)
1979 [88]
The Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls City view with houses, churches and a building with a large golden dome. Jerusalem[nb 1]
31°47′0″N 35°13′0″E / 31.78333°N 35.21667°E / 31.78333; 35.21667 (Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(vi)
1981 [89]
[90]
[91]
The Persian Garden Water basin in a garden, flowers trees and a building with open portico. Pars,  Iran
30°10′0″N 53°10′0″E / 30.16667°N 53.16667°E / 30.16667; 53.16667 (The Persian Garden)
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
7002716000000000000716 (1,770); buffer zone 9,740 (24,100) 2011 including 9 selected gardens in Iran: Pasargadae, Chehel Sotoun, Fin, Eram, Shazdeh, Dolatabad, Abbasabad, Akbarieh, Pahlevanpour [92]
Tyre Ruins of columns near the sea. South Lebanon Governorate,  Lebanon
33°16′15″N 35°11′46″E / 33.27083°N 35.19611°E / 33.27083; 35.19611 (Tyre)
Cultural:
(iii)(vi)
7002154000000000000154 (380) 1984 [93]
Um er-Rasas (Kastrom Mefa'a) Ruins of a building of white stone. Madaba Governorate,  Jordan
31°30′6″N 35°55′14″E / 31.50167°N 35.92056°E / 31.50167; 35.92056 (Um er-Rasas (Kastrom Mefa'a))
Cultural:
(i)(iv)(vi)
700124000000000000024 (59); buffer zone 90 (220) 2005 [94]
Wadi Rum Protected Area A dry mountain landscape with smoothened rocks. Aqaba Governorate,  Jordan
29°38′N 35°26′E / 29.633°N 35.433°E / 29.633; 35.433 (Wadi Rum Protected Area)
Mixed:
(iii)(v)(vii)
700474180000000000074,180 (183,300); buffer zone 59,177 (146,230) 2011 [95]
Walled City of Baku with the Shirvanshah's Palace and Maiden Tower Ruins of underground buildings and a building with cuppola above ground. Absheron Peninsula,  Azerbaijan
40°22′0″N 49°50′0″E / 40.36667°N 49.83333°E / 40.36667; 49.83333 (Walled City of Baku with the Shirvanshah's Palace and Maiden Tower)
Cultural:
(iv)
700122000000000000022 (54) 2000 [96]
White City of Tel-Aviv -- the Modern Movement White modern building. Tel Aviv,  Israel
32°4′0″N 34°47′0″E / 32.06667°N 34.78333°E / 32.06667; 34.78333 (White City of Tel-Aviv -- the Modern Movement)
Cultural:
(ii)(iv)
7002140000000000000140 (350); buffer zone 197 (490) 2003 [97]
Xanthos-Letoon Ruins of buildings and of an amphitheatre. , Muğla and Antalya Provinces,  Turkey
36°20′6″N 29°19′13″E / 36.33500°N 29.32028°E / 36.33500; 29.32028 (Xanthos-Letoon)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)
7002126000000000000126 (310); buffer zone 63 (160) 1988 [98]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Site proposed by Jordan. UNESCO has stated that "In line with relevant UN resolutions, East Jerusalem remains part of the occupied Palestinian territory, and the status of Jerusalem must be resolved in permanent status negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians."
  2. ^ Extended in 2000 to include the Sanahin Monastery and name change from Monastery of Haghpat to the present name.
  3. ^ Extended in 2001 to include the church Metamorfosis tou Sotiros (Transfiguration of the Saviour) in Palaichori.
  4. ^ Minor modification of the core zone and enlargement of the buffer zone in 2008.

References[edit]

General
Notes
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  2. ^ "Composition of macro geographical (continental) regions, geographical sub-regions, and selected economic and other groupings". Geographical region and composition of each region. United Nations Statistics Division. 2010. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
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  5. ^ a b "The Criteria for Selection". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 September 2011. 
  6. ^ "World Heritage in Danger". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
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  8. ^ "Al-Hijr Archaeological Site (Madâin Sâlih)". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  9. ^ "Al Zubarah Archaeological Site". UNESCO. Retrieved 4 Aug 2013. 
  10. ^ "Ancient City of Aleppo". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  11. ^ "Ancient City of Bosra". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  12. ^ "Ancient City of Damascus". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  13. ^ "Ancient Villages of Northern Syria". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  14. ^ "Anjar". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  15. ^ "Archaeological Site of Troy". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 Dec 2011. 
  16. ^ "Archaeological Sites of Bat, Al-Khutm and Al-Ayn". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  17. ^ "Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran". UNESCO. Retrieved 3 December 2010. 
  18. ^ "Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat)". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  19. ^ 27th session 2003, pp. 123–124
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  21. ^ "Baalbek". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  22. ^ "Bahá’i Holy Places in Haifa and the Western Galilee". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  23. ^ "Bahla Fort". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  24. ^ "Bam and its Cultural Landscape". UNESCO. Retrieved 3 December 2010. 
  25. ^ "Biblical Tels - Megiddo, Hazor, Beer Sheba". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  26. ^ "Bisotun". UNESCO. Retrieved 3 December 2010. 
  27. ^ "Bursa and Cumalıkızık: the Birth of the Ottoman Empire". UNESCO. Retrieved 4 Aug 2014. 
  28. ^ "Byblos". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  29. ^ "Byblos". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  30. ^ "Cathedral and Churches of Echmiatsin and the Archaeological Site of Zvartnots". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  31. ^ "Choirokoitia". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  32. ^ Nativity Church: 1st World Heritage Site under 'Palestine
  33. ^ Birthplace of Jesus: Church of the Nativity and the Pilgrimage Route, Bethlehem
  34. ^ "Erbil Citadel". UNESCO. Retrieved 4 Aug 2014. 
  35. ^ "City of Safranbolu". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 Dec 2011. 
  36. ^ "Crac des Chevaliers and Qal’at Salah El-Din". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  37. ^ "Cultural Sites of Al Ain (Hafit, Hili, Bidaa Bint Saud and Oases Areas)". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 Dec 2011. 
  38. ^ "Gobustan Rock Art Cultural Landscape". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 Dec 2011. 
  39. ^ "Golestan Palace". UNESCO. Retrieved 8 July 2013. 
  40. ^ "Gonbad-e Qabus". UNESCO. Retrieved 8 July 2013. 
  41. ^ "Great Mosque and Hospital of Divriği". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 Dec 2011. 
  42. ^ "Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 Dec 2011. 
  43. ^ "Hatra". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  44. ^ "Hattusha: the Hittite Capital". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 Dec 2011. 
  45. ^ "Hierapolis-Pamukkale". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 Dec 2011. 
  46. ^ "Historic Areas of Istanbul". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 Dec 2011. 
  47. ^ "Historic Jeddah, the Gate to Makkah". UNESCO. Retrieved 4 Aug 2014. 
  48. ^ "Historic Town of Zabid". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  49. ^ 24th session 2000, pp. 26–27
  50. ^ "Incense Route – Desert Cities in the Negev". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  51. ^ "Land of Frankincense". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  52. ^ "Choirokoitia". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  53. ^ Land of Olives and Vines
  54. ^ "Masada". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  55. ^ "Masjed-e Jāmé of Isfahan". UNESCO. Retrieved 8 July 2013. 
  56. ^ "Meidan Emam, Esfahan". UNESCO. Retrieved 3 December 2010. 
  57. ^ "Monasteries of Haghpat and Sanahin". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  58. ^ "Monastery of Geghard and the Upper Azat Valley". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  59. ^ "Nemrut Dağ". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 Dec 2011. 
  60. ^ "Neolithic Site of Çatalhöyük". UNESCO. Retrieved 4 Aug 2013. 
  61. ^ "Old City of Acre". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  62. ^ "Pergamon and its Multi-Layered Cultural Landscape". UNESCO. Retrieved 4 Aug 2014. 
  63. ^ "Old City of Sana'a". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  64. ^ "Shahr-e Sūkhté". UNESCO. Retrieved 22 June 2014. 
  65. ^ "Old Walled City of Shibam". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  66. ^ "Ouadi Qadisha (the Holy Valley) and the Forest of the Cedars of God (Horsh Arz el-Rab)". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  67. ^ "Painted Churches in the Troodos Region". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  68. ^ "Decision - 25COM X.B - Painted Churches in the Troodos Region [Extension to include the Church of Ayia Sotira, Palaichori] (Cyprus)". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  69. ^ "Paphos". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  70. ^ "Pasargadae". UNESCO. Retrieved 3 December 2010. 
  71. ^ "Pearling, Testimony of an Island Economy". UNESCO. Retrieved 4 Aug 2013. 
  72. ^ "Persepolis". UNESCO. Retrieved 3 December 2010. 
  73. ^ "Petra". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  74. ^ "Qal'at al-Bahrain – Ancient Harbour and Capital of Dilmun". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  75. ^ "Evaluatinos of Cultural Properties: 32nd ordinary session" (PDF). UNESCO. p. 37. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  76. ^ "Quseir Amra". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  77. ^ "Samarra Archaeological City". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  78. ^ 31st session 2007, pp. 152–153
  79. ^ "Selimiye Mosque and its Social Complex". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 Dec 2011. 
  80. ^ "Sheikh Safi al-din Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble in Ardabil". UNESCO. Retrieved 3 December 2010. 
  81. ^ "Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System". UNESCO. Retrieved 3 December 2010. 
  82. ^ "Site of Palmyra". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  83. ^ "Sites of Human Evolution at Mount Carmel: The Nahal Me’arot / Wadi el-Mughara Caves". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 Jul 2012. 
  84. ^ "Socotra Archipelago". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  85. ^ "Soltaniyeh". UNESCO. Retrieved 3 December 2010. 
  86. ^ "Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex". UNESCO. Retrieved 3 December 2010. 
  87. ^ "Takht-e Soleyman". UNESCO. Retrieved 3 December 2010. 
  88. ^ "Tchogha Zanbil". UNESCO. Retrieved 3 December 2010. 
  89. ^ "Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  90. ^ "World Heritage Committee: Sixth session" (PDF). UNESCO. pp. 10–12. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
  91. ^ "UNESCO replies to allegations". UNESCO. 15 July 2011. Retrieved 20 October 2011. 
  92. ^ "The Persian Garden". UNESCO. Retrieved 3 December 2011. 
  93. ^ "Tyre". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  94. ^ "Um er-Rasas (Kastrom Mefa'a)". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  95. ^ "Wadi Rum Protected Area". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  96. ^ "Walled City of Baku with the Shirvanshah's Palace and Maiden Tower". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 Dec 2011. 
  97. ^ "White City of Tel-Aviv -- the Modern Movement". UNESCO. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011. 
  98. ^ "Xanthos-Letoon". UNESCO. Retrieved 7 Dec 2011.