List of World Heritage Sites in the Americas

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Central America and coastal areas of the continent are relatively dense with sites; in contrast interior regions are home to relatively few.
A map of World Heritage Sites in the Americas by state party
     no sites
     1-2 sites
     3-5 sites
     6-9 sites
     10+ sites

This is a list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the Americas (North America, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean). Greenland has been included here as part of North America despite its cultural and political associations with Europe. Mexico leads the Americas hosting 32 sites, and is ranked the sixth in the world.

Legend[edit]

Site; as per officially inscribed name[1]
Location; at city, regional, or provincial level and geocoordinates
Criteria; as defined by the World Heritage Committee[2]
Area; in hectares and acres. If available, the size of the buffer zone has been noted as well. A value of zero implies that no data has been published by UNESCO
Year; during which the site was inscribed to the World Heritage List
Description; brief information about the site, including reasons for qualifying as an endangered site, if applicable

World Heritage Sites[edit]

  † In danger
  * Trans-border site
Site Image Location Criteria Area
ha (acre)
Year Description Refs
Agave Landscape and Ancient Industrial Facilities of Tequila Agave fields in Tequila, Mexico. Jalisco,  Mexico
20°51′47″N 103°46′43″W / 20.86306°N 103.77861°W / 20.86306; -103.77861 (Agave Landscape and Ancient Industrial Facilities of Tequila)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv), (v), (vi)
700434019000000000034,019 (84,060); buffer zone 51,261 (126,670) 2006 The site consists of a living, working landscape of blue agave fields and distilleries in Tequila, El Arenal and Amatitán where tequila is produced. It reflects more than 2,000 years of commercial use of the agave plant. [3]
Alejandro de Humboldt National Park Tall green trees and hills are on both sides of a river in the center. CubaHolguín and Guantánamo,
 Cuba
20°27′N 75°0′W / 20.450°N 75.000°W / 20.450; -75.000 (Alejandro de Humboldt National Park)
Natural:
(ix), (x)
700469341000000000069,341 (171,350); buffer zone 34,330 (84,800) 2001 The park exhibits a wide array of geology types. It contains many biological species, including 16 of Cuba's 28 endemic plant species, as well as animal species such as the endangered Cuban Solenodon. [4]
[5]
Ancient Maya City and Protected Tropical Forests of Calakmul, Campeche Pyramid with a staircase among a tropical forest. Campeche,  Mexico
18°7′21″N 89°47′0″W / 18.12250°N 89.78333°W / 18.12250; -89.78333 (Ancient Maya City of Calakmul, Campeche)
Mixed:
(i), (ii), (iii), (iv)
70033000000000000003,000 (7,400); buffer zone 147,195 (363,730) 2002 Calakmul is an important Maya site with a number of well preserved monuments that bear testimony to twelve centuries of Maya cultural and political development. [6]
Antigua Guatemala Street with colorful single-storied houses with window grills. GuatemalaSacatepéquez Department,
 Guatemala
14°34′N 90°40′W / 14.567°N 90.667°W / 14.567; -90.667 (Antigua Guatemala)
Cultural:
(ii), (iii), (iv)
700149000000000000049 (120) 1979 Founded in the early 16th century, Antigua was the capital of the Kingdom of Guatemala and its cultural, economic, religious, political and educational centre until a devastating earthquake in 1773. Its principal monuments have been preserved largely as ruins and are an excellent example of Spanish colonial architecture. [7]
Archaeological Landscape of the First Coffee Plantations in the South-East of Cuba CubaSantiago de Cuba and Guantánamo,
 Cuba
20°00′20.5″N 75°37′4.2″W / 20.005694°N 75.617833°W / 20.005694; -75.617833 (Archaeological Landscape of the First Coffee Plantations in the South-East of Cuba)
Cultural:
(iii), (iv)
700481475000000000081,475 (201,330) 2000 During the 19th and early 20th centuries, eastern Cuba was primarily involved with coffea cultivation. The remnants of the plantations display the techniques used in the difficult terrain, as well as the economic and social significance of the plantation system in Cuba and the Caribbean. [8]
Archaeological Monuments Zone of Xochicalco Mexico xochicalco pyramids. MexicoMiacatlán, Morelos
 Mexico
18°48′37″N 99°16′30″W / 18.81028°N 99.27500°W / 18.81028; -99.27500 (Archaeological Monuments Zone of Xochicalco)
Cultural:
(iii), (iv)
1999 Xochicalco is a well preserved example of a fortified settlement from the epiclassical period (650–900), the time at which earlier powers such as Teotihuacan ceased to exist and cultural re-grouping took place. [9]
Archaeological Park and Ruins of Quiriguá Tall stone stele decorated with relief. GuatemalaIzabal Department,
 Guatemala
15°16′14″N 89°2′25″W / 15.27056°N 89.04028°W / 15.27056; -89.04028 (Archaeological Park and Ruins of Quirigua)
Cultural:
(i), (ii), (iv)
1981 Quiriguá is an ancient Maya archaeological site that flourished during the Late Classic. The ruins of the site contain outstanding carved stelae and sculpted calendars. [10]
Archaeological Site of Panamá Viejo and Historic District of Panama City Ruins of a four-storied stone tower. PanamaPanamá District, Panamá Province,
 Panama
9°00′24″N 79°29′06″W / 9.00667°N 79.48500°W / 9.00667; -79.48500 (Archaeological Site of Panamá Viejo and Historic District of Panamá)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv), (vi)
700157000000000000057 (140) 1997
[nb 1]
Founded in 1519, Panamá Viejo was the first European settlement on the Pacific coast of the Americas. The Historic District is a 17th-century replacement of the original town and preserves its street plan, architecture and blend of Spanish, French and early American styles. [11]
[12]
Archaeological Zone of Paquimé, Casas Grandes Ruins of earthen houses. Chihuahua,  Mexico
30°22′33″N 107°57′20″W / 30.37583°N 107.95556°W / 30.37583; -107.95556 (Archaeological Zone of Paquimé, Casas Grandes)
Cultural:
(iii), (iv)
1998 The adobe architecture of Paquimé Casas Grandes bear testimony to a pre-Hispanic culture in northern Mexico located between the Pueblo culture and more advanced Mesoamerican civilizations. [13]
Area de Conservación Guanacaste Mountain, grassland and some trees. Costa RicaGuanacaste and Alajuela Provinces,
 Costa Rica
10°51′N 85°37′W / 10.850°N 85.617°W / 10.850; -85.617 (Area de Conservación Guanacaste)
Natural:
(ix), (x)
7005147000000000000147,000 (360,000) 1999
[nb 2]
Stretching from the Pacific across the Cordillera de Guanacaste to the Atlantic, the site contains a range of habitats, including some of the most pristine wetland forests worldwide and the best dry forest habitats in Central America; that provide space for several threatened plant and animal species such as the Saltwater crocodile, Leatherback sea turtle, Jaguar, Jabiru, Mahogany or Guyacan. [14]
Atlantic Forest South-East Reserves Forested mountains topped by rocks. BrazilParaná, São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro states,
 Brazil
24°10′S 48°0′W / 24.167°S 48.000°W / -24.167; -48.000 (Atlantic Forest South-East Reserves)
Natural:
(vii), (ix), (x)
7005468193000000000468,193 (1,156,930); buffer zone 1,223,557 (3,023,480) 1999 The site comprises some of the last remaining Atlantic Forests and shows a very high diversity with many rare and endemic species. As such it is of high interest both for scientists and for conservation. [15]
Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System Underwater image of a green stone like object with patterns on the surface resembling a brain. BelizeBelize, Stann Creek and Toledo Districts,
 Belize
17°19′N 87°32′W / 17.317°N 87.533°W / 17.317; -87.533 (Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System)
Natural:
(vii), (ix), (x)
700496300000000000096,300 (238,000) 1996 The Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System is the largest reef system on the northern hemisphere and harbors several threatened species including Sea turtles, Manatees and the American crocodile. The site has been listed as endangered since 2009 due to mangrove cutting and overdevelopment. [16]
[17]
Brasília Human sculptures and a hyperbolic shaped modern building with white ribs and glass. BrazilFederal District,
 Brazil
15°47′S 47°54′W / 15.783°S 47.900°W / -15.783; -47.900 (Brasília)
Cultural:
(i), (iv)
1987 Planned and developed by Lúcio Costa and Oscar Niemeyer in 1956, Brasília was created ex nihilo in order to move the capital from Rio de Janeiro to a more central position. Together with Chandigarh in India it is the only place where Corbusier's design principles of urbanism have been applied on large scale. [18]
Brazilian Atlantic Islands: Fernando de Noronha and Atol das Rocas Reserves Rocky coast interspersed by sand beaches. BrazilPernambuco and Rio Grande do Norte,
 Brazil
3°51′29″S 32°25′30″W / 3.85806°S 32.42500°W / -3.85806; -32.42500 (Brazilian Atlantic Islands: Fernando de Noronha and Atol das Rocas Reserves)
Natural:
(vii), (ix), (x)
700442270000000000042,270 (104,500); buffer zone 140,713 (347,710) 2001 As one of the few insular habitats in the South Atlantic, the site is essential as feeding ground and reproduction space for marine organisms including endangered and threatened species, most notably the Hawksbill sea turtle. [19]
Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park Fortifications near the sea. Saint Kitts and NevisSaint Kitts,
 Saint Kitts and Nevis
17°20′49″N 62°50′14″W / 17.34694°N 62.83722°W / 17.34694; -62.83722 (Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park)
Cultural:
(iii), (iv)
1999 Built during the 17th and 18th centuries by African slaves in a period of European colonial expansion, the fortress is an exceptionally well preserved example of British military architecture in the Caribbean. [20]
Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site Large grassy mound. A flight of steps leads to the top of the mound. United StatesIllinois,
 United States
38°39′31″N 90°3′41″W / 38.65861°N 90.06139°W / 38.65861; -90.06139 (Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site)
Cultural:
(iii), (iv)
1982 The ancient city of Cahokia was the cultural, religious, and economic centre of the Mississippian culture. It was the earliest and largest pre-Columbian settlement north of Mexico. [21]
Camino Real de Tierra Adentro
Trailhead sign
 Mexico
22°36′N 102°23′W / 22.600°N 102.383°W / 22.600; -102.383 (Camino Real de Tierra Adentro)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
70033102000000000003,102 (7,670); buffer zone 268,057 (662,380) 2010 The site consists of a 1,400 km (870 mi) long section of a 2,600 km (1,600 mi) long trade route ("Silver Road") that was used from the mid-16th to 19th century to transport mainly silver from mines in northern Mexico and mercury imported from Europe. In addition to the road, associated properties such as five urban centres[nb 3] that have been designated separately as World Heritage Sites, religious and other buildings are included in the nomination. [22]
Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks Lake and forest in front of high rocky mountains with snow. CanadaAlberta and British Columbia,
 Canada
51°25′N 116°29′W / 51.417°N 116.483°W / 51.417; -116.483 (Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks)
Natural:
(vii), (viii)
70062306884000000002,306,884 (5,700,430) 1984
[nb 4]
With high peaks, glaciers, lakes, waterfalls, canyons and limestone caves, the National Parks that make up this site exemplify the exceptional features of the Rocky Mountains. Furthermore, one of the world's most celebrated fossil fields, the Burgess Shale Formation is located within the inscribed property. [23]
[24]
Canaima National Park Table mountain, grassland and forest. VenezuelaBolívar,
 Venezuela
5°20′N 61°30′W / 5.333°N 61.500°W / 5.333; -61.500 (Canaima National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (viii), (ix), (x)
70063000000000000003,000,000 (7,400,000) 1994 The park is characterized by table-top mountains (tepui) that cover 65% of the area and are of both geological and biological interest, providing habitat to a large number of endemic species. Angel Falls, the world's highest waterfall is included in the property. [25]
Carlsbad Caverns National Park Column and array of stalactites in a cave. United StatesNew Mexico,
 United States
32°10′0″N 104°23′0″W / 32.16667°N 104.38333°W / 32.16667; -104.38333 (Carlsbad Caverns National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (viii)
700418926000000000018,926 (46,770) 1995 More than 80 limestone caves notable for their size and decorative rock formations (speleothems), some of which are assisted by bacteria, are included in the property. Their ease of access facilitates scientific research. [26]
Central Amazon Conservation Complex Satellite image of a wide river and smaller meandering tributaries running through a light green landscape. BrazilState of Amazonas,
 Brazil
2°20′0″S 62°0′30″W / 2.33333°S 62.00833°W / -2.33333; -62.00833 (Central Amazon Conservation Complex)
Natural:
(ix), (x)
70065323018000000005,323,018 (13,153,460) 2000
[nb 5]
As the largest protected area in the Amazon Basin, the site is notable for its high biodiversity, range of habitats such as várzea and igapó forests and number of endangered species. It has been recognized by various conservation agencies as a high priority region.[nb 6] [27]
[28]
Central Suriname Nature Reserve Densely wooded mountain landscape. SurinameSipaliwini District,
 Suriname
4°0′N 56°30′W / 4.000°N 56.500°W / 4.000; -56.500 (Central Suriname Nature Reserve)
Natural:
(ix), (x)
70061600000000000001,600,000 (4,000,000) 2000 The site comprises a large undisturbed tract of tropical forst with high biodiversity, many endemic and threatened species. Due to topography and the range of soil conditions, it has various ecoregions. [29]
Central University City Campus of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM) Tall square-shaped building decorated on the outside with murals. Mexico City,  Mexico
19°19′56″N 99°11′17″W / 19.33222°N 99.18806°W / 19.33222; -99.18806 (Central University City Campus of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM))
Cultural:
(i), (ii), (iv)
7002177000000000000177 (440); buffer zone 1,102 (2,720) 2007 Built from 1949 and 1952 by more than 60 architects, the buildings, open spaces and sports facilities combine modern architecture with references to local pre-Hispanic traditions. They showcase universal ideals such as access to education and improvement in the quality of life that were prevalent in post-revolutionary Mexico. [30]
Cerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks Rocky mountain landscape and valley. BrazilCentral Brazil Plateau, State of Goiás,
 Brazil
14°0′20″S 47°41′5″W / 14.00556°S 47.68472°W / -14.00556; -47.68472 (Cerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks)
Natural:
(ix), (x)
7005367356000000000367,356 (907,760) 2001 The two parks are characteristic of the cerrado, one of the world's oldest tropical ecosystems and an important refuge for species in times of climate change. [31]
Chaco Culture Ruins of a circular and rectangular buildings made of stones. United StatesNew Mexico,
 United States
36°3′50″N 107°58′15″W / 36.06389°N 107.97083°W / 36.06389; -107.97083 (Chaco Culture)
Cultural:
(iii)
1987 Notable for its monumental buildings, the site bears testimony to a Pueblo culture that dominated large parts of present day south-western United States from the mid-9th to early 13th centuries. [32]
Chan Chan Archaeological Zone Chan Chan PeruLa Libertad,
 Peru
8°6′S 79°5′W / 8.100°S 79.083°W / -8.100; -79.083 (Chan Chan Archaeological Zone))
Cultural:
(i), (iii)
7002600000000000000600 (1,500) 1986 The city of Chan Chan served as the capital of the Chimú culture. The Chimú kingdom developed along the coast of northern Peru. Chan Chan is divided into nine walled units indicating political and social division. The Chimú were conquered by the Inca in 1470. The site was listed to the List of World Heritage in Danger when it was first inscribed, as the adobe constructions are easily damaged by heavy rain and erosion. [33]
[34]
[35]
Chavín (Archaeological Site) Stone ruins and stairs. PeruHuari Province, Ancash,
 Peru
9°35′34″S 77°10′42″W / 9.59278°S 77.17833°W / -9.59278; -77.17833 (Chavin (Archaeological Site))
Cultural:
(iii)
1985 The Chavín culture developed in the Andean highlands between 1500 and 300 BC, and the site now known as Chavín de Huantar served as the center. The site consists of a complex of terraces and squares cut from rock. It is believed the Chavín were primarily a religious-based society whose influence resulted from their culture, rather than aggressive expansion. [36]
[37]
Churches of Chiloé Wooden church with a single central tower covered in shingles. ChileChiloé Province, Los Lagos Region,
 Chile
42°30′0″S 73°46′0″W / 42.50000°S 73.76667°W / -42.50000; -73.76667 (Churches of Chiloé)
Cultural:
(ii), (iii)
2000 The churches are the most prominent example of Chilota wooden architecture fusing European and indigenous traditions. They are a result of 17th and 18th century Jesuit missions. [38]
City of Cuzco Large stone church with two massive towers and three entrances on the main facade. PeruCuzco,
 Peru
13°31′20″S 71°59′0″W / 13.52222°S 71.98333°W / -13.52222; -71.98333 (City of Cuzco)
Cultural:
(iii), (iv)
1983 Cuzco was developed by the Inca king Pachacutec, who ruled the Kingdom of Cuzco as it expanded to become the Inca Empire in the 15th century. It became the most important city of the Inca Empire, divided into distinct areas for religious and administrative use, and surrounded by an organized system of agriculture, artisan, and industrial uses. After the Spanish conquered the empire in the 16th century, they built Baroque churches and buildings over the Inca ruins. [39]
City of Potosí City of small simple houses in front of a large conical red mountain. BoliviaPotosí, Potosí Department,
 Bolivia
19°35′1″S 65°45′11″W / 19.58361°S 65.75306°W / -19.58361; -65.75306 (City of Potosí)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv), (vi)
7002130000000000000130 (320) 1987 Following the discovery of the New World's largest silver reserves in the mid-16th century, Potosí was regarded as the world's largest industrial complex of the time. The site contains industrial facilities of the Cerro Rico, colonial public and residential architecture. [40]
City of Quito A square with a large white church with one tower and several cuppolas. EcuadorQuito, Quito Canton, Pichincha Province,
 Ecuador
0°0′14″N 78°30′0″W / 0.00389°N 78.50000°W / 0.00389; -78.50000 (City of Quito)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
7002320000000000000320 (790) 1978 Built in Spanish colonial style, the former capital of the Royal Audiencia of Quito.The Historic Center of Quito is the most original and best preserved historic center of its kind in Latin America. [41]
Ciudad Universitaria de Caracas Abstract sculpture in front of a 20th-century tall building partially painted red. VenezuelaMunicipality of Libertador, Caracas,
 Venezuela
10°29′27″N 66°53′26″W / 10.49083°N 66.89056°W / 10.49083; -66.89056 (Ciudad Universitaria de Caracas)
Cultural:
(i), (iv)
2000 Designed by Carlos Raúl Villanueva, the university campus is considered a masterpiece of early 20th century architecture and urban planning. It derives from colonial traditions, providing an airy solution well suited to the tropical climate. [42]
Cocos Island National Park Hilly coast with grassland, forest and a sandy beach. Costa RicaPuntarenas Province,
 Costa Rica
5°32′N 87°4′W / 5.533°N 87.067°W / 5.533; -87.067 (Cocos Island National Park)
Natural:
(ix), (x)
7005199790000000000199,790 (493,700) 1997
[nb 7]
As the only island in the tropical eastern Pacific, Cocos Island provides unique marine habitats for large pelagic fish such as sharks, tuna, dolphins or rays. [43]
[44]
Coffee Cultural Landscape of Colombia Colombia Colombia
5°28′N 75°41′W / 5.467°N 75.683°W / 5.467; -75.683 (Coffee Cultural Landscape of Colombia)
Cultural:
(v), (vi)
7005141120000000000141,120 (348,700); buffer zone 207,000 (510,000) 2011 The 100 year old coffee cultivation in is emblematic of Colombian culture and has impacted cultural and social traditions in music, architecture, cuisine, education and others. [45]
Coiba National Park and its Special Zone of Marine Protection Sand beach with palm trees and drift wood. PanamaVeraguas and Chiriquí Provinces,
 Panama
7°26′N 81°46′W / 7.433°N 81.767°W / 7.433; -81.767 (Coiba National Park and its Special Zone of Marine Protection)
Natural:
(ix), (x)
7005270125000000000270,125 (667,490) 2005 The park protects islands and marine areas in the Gulf of Chiriquí and is home to an exceptionally large number of endemic mammals, birds and plants as well as to a several threatened species. The marine ecosystem is characterized by a very large biodiversity with 760 species of marine fishes, 33 species of sharks and 20 species of cetaceans. [46]
Colonial City of Santo Domingo Low old houses and a church with a large white cupola in the distance. Dominican RepublicDistrito Nacional,
 Dominican Republic
18°29′0″N 69°55′0″W / 18.48333°N 69.91667°W / 18.48333; -69.91667 (Colonial City of Santo Domingo)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv), (vi)
700193000000000000093 (230) 1990 Santo Domingo was founded in 1498 shortly after the arrival of Christopher Columbus on the island and had the first cathedral, hospital, customs house and university built in the New World. Its grid patterned town plan became the model for other colonial towns in the Americas. [47]
Coro and its Port A street with single-storied colorful houses. VenezuelaFalcón,
 Venezuela
11°24′N 69°41′W / 11.400°N 69.683°W / 11.400; -69.683 (Coro and its Port)
Cultural:
(iv), (v)
7002107000000000000107 (260); buffer zone 107 (260) 1993 Founded in 1527, Coro was one of the earliest colonial towns in the Americas. Its earthen constructions are the only extant example of fusion of Caribbean with Spanish Mudéjar and Dutch architecture. The site has been listed as endangered since 2005 following damage due to heavy rain and the construction of various structures in the buffer zone. [48]
[49]
Cueva de las Manos, Río Pinturas Red and white handprints on a rock face. ArgentinaSanta Cruz Province,
 Argentina
47°9′0″S 70°40′0″W / 47.15000°S 70.66667°W / -47.15000; -70.66667 (Cueva de las Manos, Río Pinturas)
Cultural:
(iii)
1999 Named for the paintings of hands, the cave contains rock art from between 13,000 and 9,500 years ago that bear witness to the earliest human inhabitants in South America. [50]
Darien National Park
PanamaDarién Province,
 Panama
7°44′N 77°33′W / 7.733°N 77.550°W / 7.733; -77.550 (Darien National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (ix), (x)
7005597000000000000597,000 (1,480,000) 1981 Situated on the border between South and Central America, the park consists of a wide range of habitats including sandy and rocky coastlines, mangroves, swamps, upland and lowland tropical forests. Two Indian tribes, the Chocó and the Kuna live in the property. [51]
Desembarco del Granma National Park CubaGranma,
 Cuba
19°53′N 77°38′W / 19.883°N 77.633°W / 19.883; -77.633 (Desembarco del Granma National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (viii)
700432576000000000032,576 (80,500) 1999 The park features a unique karst topography with features such as terraces, cliffs, and waterfalls. [52]
[53]
Dinosaur Provincial Park A skeleton of a dinosaur. CanadaAlberta,
 Canada
50°46′4″N 111°29′32″W / 50.76778°N 111.49222°W / 50.76778; -111.49222 (Dinosaur Provincial Park)
Natural:
(vii), (viii)
70037493000000000007,493 (18,520) 1979 The park is noted for the beauty of its badland landscape and as a major fossil site. Specimens of every group of cretaceous dinosaurs have been found here including those of 35 species dating more than 75 Million years ago. [54]
Discovery Coast Atlantic Forest Reserves Small waterfall sided by two large rocks. BrazilAtlantic Coast, Bahia and Espírito Santo states,
 Brazil
16°30′S 39°15′W / 16.500°S 39.250°W / -16.500; -39.250 (Discovery Coast Atlantic Forest Reserves)
Natural:
(ix), (x)
7005111930000000000111,930 (276,600) 1999 The site comprises some of the last remaining Atlantic Forests and shows a very high diversity with many rare and endemic species. As such it is of high interest both for scientists and for conservation. [55]
Earliest 16th-Century Monasteries on the Slopes of Popocatepetl Front of a church with two towers. The portal around the door is decorated with reliefs of two angels, Maria and two other figures. Morelos and Puebla,  Mexico
18°56′N 98°54′W / 18.933°N 98.900°W / 18.933; -98.900 (Earliest 16th-Century Monasteries on the Slopes of Popocatepetl)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
1994 The site comprises 14 monasteries built by Augustinians, Franciscans and Dominicans near Popocatépetl volcano. Stylistically they are characterized by an emphasize on open spaces, a concept that influenced architecture in Mexico and beyond. [56]
El Pinacate and Gran Desierto de Altar Biosphere Reserve Crater Elegante with the Pinacate peaks. Sonora,  Mexico
32°00′00″N 113°55′00″W / 32.00000°N 113.91667°W / 32.00000; -113.91667 (El Pinacate and Gran Desierto de Altar Biosphere Reserve)
Natural:
(vii), (viii), (x)
7005714566000000000714,566 (1,765,730); buffer zone 354,871 (876,910); 2013 The 714,566 hectare site comprises two distinct parts: the dormant volcanic Pinacate Shield of black and red lava flows and desert pavements to the east, and, in the west, the Gran Altar Desert with its ever changing and varied sand dunes that can reach a height of 200 metres. This landscape of dramatic contrast notably features linear, star and dome dunes as well as several arid granite massifs, some as high as 650 metres. [57]
El Tajin, Pre-Hispanic City Ruins of a stone pyramid with about five levels. Each side of a step contains niches. Veracruz,  Mexico
20°28′35″N 97°22′39″W / 20.47639°N 97.37750°W / 20.47639; -97.37750 (El Tajin, Pre-Hispanic City)
Cultural:
(iii), (iv)
1992 Flourishing from the early 9th to early 13th century, El Tajin is the prime site of the period between the Teotihuacan and Tenochtitlan empires. [58]
Everglades National Park A large white bird with black wingtips and a long slightly curved beak is perched on a branch above grassland. United StatesFlorida,
 United States
25°19′N 80°56′W / 25.317°N 80.933°W / 25.317; -80.933 (Everglades National Park)
Natural:
(viii), (ix), (x)
7005592920000000000592,920 (1,465,100) 1979 The vast wetlands and coastal/marine habitats of the park have made it a sanctuary for many animals including 20 rare, endangered and threatened species such as the Florida panther and the manatee. The site has been endangered from 1993–2007 following damage due to Hurricane Andrew and since 2010 due to continued degradation and a loss of marine habitat. [59]
[60]
[61]
Fortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo Ruins of a fort near water. PanamaColón Province,
 Panama
9°33′14″N 79°39′21″W / 9.55389°N 79.65583°W / 9.55389; -79.65583 (Fortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo)
Cultural:
(i), (iv)
1980 As outstanding examples of Spanish military architecture, the forts were constructed in the 17th and 18th centuries to protect the Isthmus of Panama which had been of great importance to European colonial trade. [62]
Franciscan Missions in the Sierra Gorda of Querétaro Facade of a church with one tower. The main portal is richly decorated with relief and sculptures and features a clock at the top. Querétaro,  Mexico
21°12′16″N 99°27′51″W / 21.20444°N 99.46417°W / 21.20444; -99.46417 (Franciscan Missions in the Sierra Gorda of Querétaro)
Cultural:
(ii), (iii)
7002104000000000000104 (260) 2003 These five missions were built jointly with the indios towards the final phase of Christianization of Mexico in the mid-18th century. They played an important role in the further evangalization of California, Arizona and Texas. [63]
Fuerte de Samaipata Large rock with symbols cut into it and foundations of buildings. BoliviaFlorida Province, Santa Cruz Department,
 Bolivia
18°10′S 63°49′W / 18.167°S 63.817°W / -18.167; -63.817 (Fuerte de Samaipata)
Cultural:
(ii), (iii)
1998 Samaipata consists of remains of a town, and more prominently a large sculpted rock (14th–16th centuries) thought to have been the ceremonial centre of a pre-Hispanic culture. [64]
Galápagos Islands Landscape with little vegetation, rocks and an isthmus. Galápagos Province,  Ecuador
0°40′S 90°30′W / 0.667°S 90.500°W / -0.667; -90.500 (Galápagos Islands)
Natural:
(vii), (viii), (ix), (x)
700714066514000000014,066,514 (34,759,110) 1978 This remote archipelago of volcanic islands is famed for the high degree of endemism and is associated with Charles Darwin whose observations here contributed to the inception of Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection. The site had been listed as endangered for various reasons[nb 8] 2007–2010. [65]
[66]
[67]
[68]
Grand Canyon National Park Very wide and deep canyon with some vegetation. United StatesArizona,
 United States
36°6′3″N 112°5′26″W / 36.10083°N 112.09056°W / 36.10083; -112.09056 (Grand Canyon National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (viii), (ix), (x)
7005493077000000000493,077 (1,218,420) 1979 Plunging down 1,500 m (4,900 ft) to the Colorado River, it is one of the world's most spectacular gorges. In addition the varying elevations of the canyon walls have created diverse ecosystems for numerous endemic, rare and endangered species. The river's erosion has exposed soils from the Precambrian to the Cenozoic often including a rich fossil assembly. [69]
Great Smoky Mountains National Park Densely forested mountains. United StatesTennessee and North Carolina,
 United States
35°36′N 83°26′W / 35.600°N 83.433°W / 35.600; -83.433 (Great Smoky Mountains National Park)
Cultural:
(vii), (viii), (ix), (x)
7005209000000000000209,000 (520,000) 1983 With more than 3,500 plant species, the park is among the largest remnants of Arcto-Tertiary Geoflora. It is also home to the world's largest number of salamander species and famous for its mist-shrouded virgin forests. [70]
Gros Morne National Park Mountain landscape with little vegetation and ocher stones. CanadaNewfoundland and Labrador,
 Canada
49°37′N 57°32′W / 49.617°N 57.533°W / 49.617; -57.533 (Gros Morne National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (viii)
7005180500000000000180,500 (446,000) 1987 With deep ocean crust and rocks of the earth's mantle lying exposed, the park illustrates continental drift. Landlocked freshwater fjords, glacier-scoured headlands in an ocean setting contribute to the natural beauty of this wilderness area. [71]
Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump A line of rocks overlooking a plain. CanadaAlberta
 Canada
49°44′58″N 113°37′26″W / 49.74944°N 113.62389°W / 49.74944; -113.62389 (Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump)
Cultural:
(vi)
1981 The property consists of remains of a camp, of trails and a tumulus of bones of the American bison bearing testimony to nearly 6000 years of communal hunting in which the bisons were driven over a cliff, a practice known as buffalo jump. [72]
Historical Centre of the City of Arequipa Facade of a very large white church with two tall towers. PeruArequipa,
 Peru
16°24′0″S 71°32′0″W / 16.40000°S 71.53333°W / -16.40000; -71.53333 (Historical Centre of the City of Arequipa))
Cultural:
(i), (iv)
7002167000000000000167 (410); buffer zone 165 (410) 2000 Arequipa is built primarily on top of sillar, a white volcanic rock, the product of nearby El Misti volcano. The architecture of the city is known for its combination of traditional indigenous styles with the new techniques of the European colonial settlers. [73]
Historic Area of Willemstad, Inner City and Harbour, Curaçao Port with colorful houses in blue, brown, green, yellow, pink. NetherlandsWillemstad, Curaçao, Netherlands Antilles
 Netherlands
12°6′7″N 68°54′8″W / 12.10194°N 68.90222°W / 12.10194; -68.90222 (Historic Area of Willemstad, Inner City and Harbour, Curaçao)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv), (v)
700186000000000000086 (210); buffer zone 87 (210) 1997 The architecture of the 17th-century Dutch trading settlement Willemstad combines styles from the Netherlands with Spanish and Portuguese colonial towns. [74]
Historic Bridgetown and its Garrison Clock tower of red bricks. BarbadosBridgetown
 Barbados
13°5′48″N 59°36′50″W / 13.09667°N 59.61389°W / 13.09667; -59.61389 (Historic Bridgetown and its Garrison)
Cultural:
(ii), (iii), (iv)
7002187000000000000187 (460); buffer zone 321 (790) 2011 Bridgetown is an excellent example of a British colonial settlement built from the 17th to 19th century. Unlike Dutch and Spanish settlements of the area, the town is not laid out on a grid plan but follows a serpentine urban design. [75]
Historic Centre of Camagüey There is a large stone building in the center with a tall tower. Behind are several smaller buildings with red roofs. CubaCamagüey,
 Cuba
21°22′43″N 77°55′7″W / 21.37861°N 77.91861°W / 21.37861; -77.91861 (Historic Centre of Camagüey)
Cultural:
(iv), (v)
700154000000000000054 (130); buffer zone 276 (680) 2008 Camagüey is among the first seven villages founded by the Spanish in Cuba, first settled in 1528. The irregular organization of the city is distinct from the typical, orderly construction of most other Spanish settlements. This maze-like style was influenced by medieval European ideas and traditional construction methods of early immigrant masons and construction workers. [76]
Historic Centre of Salvador de Bahia Large three-storied buildings with facades painted in bright colors: light blue and yellow. BrazilBahia state,
 Brazil
12°58′0″S 38°30′0″W / 12.96667°S 38.50000°W / -12.96667; -38.50000 (Historic Centre of Salvador de Bahia)
Cultural:
(iv), (vi)
1985 The colonial old town of the first Brazilian capital and town of the first slave market in the New World, has preserved a large number of brightly colored Renaissance houses decorated with stucco work from the 16th to 18th centuries. [77]
Historic Centre of Santa Ana de los Ríos de Cuenca Roofs and towers of a small white church and a larger brown brick church with three large white-blue cuppolas. EcuadorAzuay Province,
 Ecuador
2°53′0″S 78°59′0″W / 2.88333°S 78.98333°W / -2.88333; -78.98333 (Historic Centre of Santa Ana de los Ríos de Cuenca)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv), (v)
7002200000000000000200 (490) 1999 Founded in 1557 on an orthogonal town plan, the townscape of Cuenca is an expression of the fusion of different societies and cultures and a showcase of Renaissance urban design in Latin America. [78]
Historic Centre of Lima Large square with a fountain and four storied yellow buildings with large glassed balconies. PeruLima Province,
 Peru
12°3′5″S 77°2′35″W / 12.05139°S 77.04306°W / -12.05139; -77.04306 (Historic Centre of Lima))
Cultural:
(iv)
7002200000000000000200 (490) 1988
[nb 9]
Lima was founded by Francisco Pizarro in 1535 as La Ciudad de los Reyes (City of the Kings). Until the middle of the 18th century, it was the most important city in Spanish South America. The architecture and decoration combine the style of both the local population and Europe, such as in the Monastery of San Francisco, which was the site's original listing in 1988, before it was extended in 1991. [79]
[80]
Historic Centre of Mexico City and Xochimilco Roofed barges with many people on a canal. Mexico City,  Mexico
19°25′6″N 99°7′58″W / 19.41833°N 99.13278°W / 19.41833; -99.13278 (Historic Centre of Mexico City and Xochimilco)
Cultural:
(ii), (iii), (iv), (v)
1987 Mexico City, built in the 16th century on the ruins of Tenochtitlan preserves Aztec ruins, the largest cathedral in the Americas and 19th/20th century public architecture. Xochimilco is characterized by a network of canals and artificial islands (chinampas) built in pre-Hispanic times. [81]
Historic Centre of Morelia Large church with two main towers and two cuppolas. Michoacán,  Mexico
19°42′16″N 101°11′30″W / 19.70444°N 101.19167°W / 19.70444; -101.19167 (Historic Centre of Morelia)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv), (vi)
7002390000000000000390 (960) 1991 Built in the 16th century, Morelia still shows the original street layout and has more than 200 historic buildings constructed of locally available pink stone in a style fusing elements of renaissance, baroque and neo-classicism. [82]
Historic Centre of Oaxaca and Archaeological Site of Monte Albán Ruins of a two-level stone platform. A wide staircase is leading up on one side and there are parts of columns on the upper platform. Oaxaca,  Mexico
17°3′43″N 96°43′18″W / 17.06194°N 96.72167°W / 17.06194; -96.72167 (Historic Centre of Oaxaca and Archaeological Site of Monte Albán)
Cultural:
(i), (ii), (iii), (iv)
7002375000000000000375 (930); buffer zone 121 (300) 1987 The site includes the pre-Columbian ceremonial site Monte Albán occupied during a 1500 year period by Olmecs, Zapotecs and Mixtecs, the colonial town Oaxaca founded in 1529 and the originally Mixtec settlement Cuilapan where Dominicans established a major monastery in the mid-16th century. [83]
Historic Centre of Puebla Tops of several churches in front of a volcano. Puebla, Puebla,  Mexico
19°2′50″N 98°12′30″W / 19.04722°N 98.20833°W / 19.04722; -98.20833 (Historic Centre of Puebla)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
7002597000000000000597 (1,480); buffer zone 102 (250) 1987 Founded in 1531, Puebla is notable for its 16th/17th century cathedral and colonial houses some of which are covered in blue tiles (azulejos). Stylistically the Baroque district of Puebla shows the fusion of European and American elements. [84]
Historic Centre of Santa Cruz de Mompox Facade of a stone church with tower painted in white and yellow. ColombiaBolívar Department,
 Colombia
9°14′0″N 74°26′0″W / 9.23333°N 74.43333°W / 9.23333; -74.43333 (Historic Centre of Santa Cruz de Mompox)
Cultural:
(iv), (v)
7002458000000000000458 (1,130); buffer zone 632 (1,560) 1995 Mompox, founded in 1540 on a major river has preserved in its historic centre the colonial past with many buildings still serving their original function. [85]
Historic Centre of São Luís A cobblestone street of old single-storied brightly colored houses. BrazilMaranhão state,
 Brazil
2°30′51″S 44°18′9″W / 2.51417°S 44.30250°W / -2.51417; -44.30250 (Historic Centre of Salvador de Bahia)
Cultural:
(iii), (iv), (v)
1997 São Luís has preserved the complete rectangular town plan and a large number of historical buildings making it a prime example of a Portuguese colonial town. [86]
Historic Centre of the Town of Diamantina Old church, cobble stone streets and two-storied houses with white facades. BrazilMinas Gerais,
 Brazil
18°40′0″S 43°36′0″W / 18.66667°S 43.60000°W / -18.66667; -43.60000 (Historic Centre of the Town of Diamantina)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
700129000000000000029 (72) 1999 A well-preserved example of Baroque architecture, this 18th-century colonial town was founded in an inhospitable environment of rocky mountains and became a center of diamond mining in the 18th and 19th centuries. [87]
Historic Centre of the Town of Goiás Facade of a two-storied stone church, largely painted white/beige with red/brownish window frames. BrazilGoiás,
 Brazil
15°56′0″S 50°8′0″W / 15.93333°S 50.13333°W / -15.93333; -50.13333 (Historic Centre of the Town of Goiás)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
700140000000000000040 (99); buffer zone 44 (110) 2001 Founded in 1727 by the bandeirante explorer Bartolomeu Bueno da Silva, Goiás has preserved much of its colonial heritage and is an example of a European settlement in the interior of South America. [88]
Historic Centre of the Town of Olinda White stone church with red tile roof near the sea. BrazilPernambuco,
 Brazil
8°0′48″S 34°50′42″W / 8.01333°S 34.84500°W / -8.01333; -34.84500 (Historic Centre of the Town of Olinda)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
7002120000000000000120 (300); buffer zone 920 (2,300) 1982 Founded in 1537 the town prospered as a centre of sugar-cane production. Following looting by the Dutch in the 17th century, the historic centre dates largely to the 18th century with a harmonious combination of buildings, gardens, churches, convents and chapels. [89]
Historic Centre of Zacatecas Zacatecas cathedral Zacatecas, Zacatecas,  Mexico
22°46′0″N 102°33′20″W / 22.76667°N 102.55556°W / 22.76667; -102.55556 (Historic Centre of Zacatecas)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
7002110000000000000110 (270) 1993 Zacatecas prospered as a center of silver production in the 16th and 17th centuries. The designated property comprises religious and secular buildings with most of them dating to the 17th and 18th centuries. [90]
Historic City of Sucre City with churches and largely two-storied stone buildings. Many of the buildings are white. BoliviaOropeza Province, Chuquisaca Department,
 Bolivia
19°2′35″S 65°15′33″W / 19.04306°S 65.25917°W / -19.04306; -65.25917 (Historic City of Sucre)
Cultural:
(iv)
7002114000000000000114 (280) 1991 Founded by the Spanish in 1538, Sucre has retained many of its 16th century religious buildings showing the fusion of local and European architectural styles. [91]
Historic District of Old Québec Relatively tall and narrow five storied building of grey stone with a dark roof and an attached clock tower. CanadaQuebec City, Quebec
 Canada
46°48′34″N 71°12′38″W / 46.80944°N 71.21056°W / 46.80944; -71.21056 (Historic District of Old Québec)
Cultural:
(iv), (vi)
1985 Founded by the French in the 17th century, the urban ensemble of Old Québec is the most complete example of a European fortified town north of Mexico. [92]
Historic Fortified Town of Campeche Brightly colored two-storied houses with balconies. Campeche, Campeche,  Mexico
19°50′47″N 90°32′14″W / 19.84639°N 90.53722°W / 19.84639; -90.53722 (Historic Fortified Town of Campeche)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
7002181000000000000181 (450) 1999 Campeche is a typical example of a Baroque Spanish colonial town with a grid layout. Its fortifications built in the 17th and 18th centuries as defense against pirates are an excellent example of military architecture of the time. [93]
Historic Inner City of Paramaribo Street with two storied wooden houses. Many of the houses have a balcony along the street side. SurinameParamaribo District,
 Suriname
5°49′34″N 55°9′0″W / 5.82611°N 55.15000°W / 5.82611; -55.15000 (Historic Inner City of Paramaribo)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
700130000000000000030 (74); buffer zone 60 (150) 2002 Founded as a Dutch colonial town in the 17th century, Paramaribo has preserved its unique street plan with buildings showing the gradual influence of Dutch architectural traditions. [94]
Historic Monuments Zone of Querétaro A fountain under an arch with a figure wielding a trident on top. Querétaro, Querétaro,  Mexico
20°35′0″N 100°22′0″W / 20.58333°N 100.36667°W / 20.58333; -100.36667 (Historic Monuments Zone of Querétaro)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
1996 Querétaro has preserved many of its buildings from the 17th and 18th century and is exceptional for its street plan which has both, the grid plan typical of Spanish colonial towns and twisting alleys in the Indian quarters. [95]
Historic Monuments Zone of Tlacotalpan A street with single-storied colonned buildings that are painted in various colors. Tlacotalpan, Veracruz,  Mexico
18°36′30″N 95°39′30″W / 18.60833°N 95.65833°W / 18.60833; -95.65833 (Historic Monuments Zone of Tlacotalpan)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
1998 The layout and architecture of the property is an exceptionally well-preserved example of Spanish-Caribbean fusion and is characterised by wide streets, low houses in a variety of styles and colors, and many trees. [96]
Historic Quarter of the City of Colonia del Sacramento Stone wall with gate and draw bridge. UruguayColonia Department,
 Uruguay
34°28′4″S 57°51′12″W / 34.46778°S 57.85333°W / -34.46778; -57.85333 (Historic Quarter of the City of Colonia del Sacramento)
Cultural:
(iv)
700116000000000000016 (40) 1995 Founded in 1680 by the Portuguese, the town changed hands between Spanish and Portuguese multiple times during the 17th and 18th centuries and was finally lost to the Spanish. Its well preserved townscape bears testimony to the fusion of Spanish and Portuguese colonial styles. [97]
Historic Quarter of the Seaport City of Valparaíso Cityscape with some colorful houses on a slope. ChileValparaíso Province,
 Chile
33°2′26″S 71°37′41″W / 33.04056°S 71.62806°W / -33.04056; -71.62806 (Historic Quarter of the Seaport City of Valparaíso)
Cultural:
(iii)
700123000000000000023 (57); buffer zone 45 (110) 2003 In the late 19th century Valparaíso prospered as a stopover point for ships travelling between the Atlantic and Pacific via the Straits of Magellan. Its historic quarter set on steep hillsides has bears testimony to this early phase of globalization. [98]
Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu Ruins of a city in the mountains. PeruCuzco,
 Peru
13°7′0″S 72°35′0″W / 13.11667°S 72.58333°W / -13.11667; -72.58333 (Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu)
Mixed:
(i) (iii), (vii), (ix)
700432592000000000032,592 (80,540) 1983 At 2,340 metres (7,680 ft) above sea level, the site of Machu Picchu was constructed as an expansive mountain estate around the middle of the 15th century, and abandoned approximately 100 years later. It includes walls, terraces, and buildings constructed from rock. The city was home to about 1,200 people, mostly priests, women, and children. It was left abandoned prior to the Spanish arrival in Cuzco most likely due to smallpox. [99]
[100]
Historic Town of Guanajuato and Adjacent Mines Yellow and red church with cuppolas and two towers one of which has a clock. Guanajuato, Guanajuato,  Mexico
21°1′1″N 101°15′20″W / 21.01694°N 101.25556°W / 21.01694; -101.25556 (Historic Town of Guanajuato and Adjacent Mines)
Cultural:
(i), (ii), (iv), (vi)
7002190000000000000190 (470) 1988 The prosperity of the town as the largest silver producer in the 18th century is reflected in beautiful Baroque and neo-classical buildings. [101]
Historic Town of Ouro Preto Two-storied white buildings with red roof tiles lining a square. At the end of the square there is a prominent building with a clock tower. BrazilMinas Gerais,
 Brazil
20°23′20″S 43°30′20″W / 20.38889°S 43.50556°W / -20.38889; -43.50556 (Historic Town of Ouro Preto)
Cultural:
(i), (iii)
1980 The prosperity of the town as the center of the Brazilian gold rush in the 18th century is reflected in a large number of preserved churches, bridges and fountains many of them designed by the Baroque sculptor Aleijadinho. [102]
Historic Town of St George and Related Fortifications, Bermuda White houses near the sea. BermudaSt. George
 Bermuda
32°22′46″N 64°40′40″W / 32.37944°N 64.67778°W / 32.37944; -64.67778 (Historic Town of St George and Related Fortifications, Bermuda)
Cultural:
(iv)
7002258000000000000258 (640) 2000 The oldest English town in the New World, St George's fortifications bear testimony to the development of English military architecture from the 17th to 20th centuries. [103]
Hospicio Cabañas, Guadalajara Entrance to a major stone building with colonnades and bells above the main entrance. Guadalajara, Jalisco,  Mexico
20°40′26″N 103°20′23″W / 20.67389°N 103.33972°W / 20.67389; -103.33972 (Hospicio Cabañas, Guadalajara)
Cultural:
(i), (ii), (iii), (iv)
1997 The early 19th century Hospicio is one of the earliest hospital complexes in Spanish America. Its architecture, designed with this purpose in mind, contains several unique features and is notable for the size, simplicity and relationship between open and built spaces. A series of murals by José Clemente Orozco is located within the complex. [104]
Huascarán National Park High snow capped rocky mountain. PeruAncash,
 Peru
9°20′S 77°24′W / 9.333°S 77.400°W / -9.333; -77.400 (Huascarán National Park))
Natural:
(vii), (viii)
7005340000000000000340,000 (840,000) 1985 Huascarán National Park is located in the Cordillera Blanca mountain range of the Andes. It surrounds Huascarán, the tallest peak in Peru. The physical environment includes glaciers, ravines, and lakes, while the park is home to several regional animal species. [105]
Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works Industrial structure in a desert setting. ChileTarapacá,
 Chile
20°12′30″S 69°47′40″W / 20.20833°S 69.79444°W / -20.20833; -69.79444 (Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works)
Cultural:
(ii), (iii), (iv)
2005 Situated in the Atacama Desert, the two saltpeter works are representative of the saltpeter industry that flourished in northern Chile in the 19th and early 20th century and brought together people from different parts of South America and Europe creating a unique culture with its own language and customs. The site has been listed as endangered since 2005 due to damage, vandalism, looting and the general fragile nature of the structures as a result of a 40 years' lack of maintenance. [106][107]
Iguaçu National Park A large horseshoe shaped waterfall. BrazilParaná,
 Brazil
25°41′S 54°26′W / 25.683°S 54.433°W / -25.683; -54.433 (Iguaçu National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (x)
7005170086000000000170,086 (420,290) 1986 Together with Iguazú National Park on the Argentinian side, the park protects Iguazu Falls, one of the world's largest waterfalls, and is home to many rare and endangered species such as Giant Anteater or the Giant Otter. The site had been listed as endangered 1999–2001 due to an illegally opened road through the park, dams on the Iguazu River and helicopter flights. [108]
Iguazú National Park A large waterfall in a densely vegetated area. ArgentinaMisiones Province, Mesopotamia
 Argentina
25°31′5″S 54°8′0″W / 25.51806°S 54.13333°W / -25.51806; -54.13333 (Iguazú National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (x)
700455000000000000055,000 (140,000) 1984 Together with Iguaçu National Park on the Brazilian side, the park protects Iguazu Falls, one of the world's largest waterfalls. Its subtropical rainforest is home to more than 2000 species of vascular plants and large mammals such as tapirs, Giant Anteaters, Howler monkeys, ocelots and jaguars. [109]
Ilulissat Icefjord Icebergs in the sea. DenmarkIlulissat, western Greenland,
 Denmark
69°8′N 49°30′W / 69.133°N 49.500°W / 69.133; -49.500 (Ilulissat Icefjord)
Natural:
(vii), (viii)
7005402400000000000402,400 (994,000) 2004 The Jakobshavn Glacier, calves into the Ilulissat fjord is one of the most active glaciers moving at 19 metres/day and accounting for 10% of the Greenlandish calf ice. Similar phenomena exist in Antarctica, however its relative ease of access for scientists and visitors makes it unique in the world. [110]
Independence Hall Two-storied red brick building and behind it a clock tower. United StatesPhiladelphia, Pennsylvania,
 United States
39°56′55″N 75°9′0″W / 39.94861°N 75.15000°W / 39.94861; -75.15000 (Independence Hall)
Cultural:
(vi)
1979 Both the Declaration of Independence and the United States Constitution were signed in this building. Concepts of freedom and democracy set forth in these documents have influenced charters of many countries and the UN charter. [111]
Ischigualasto / Talampaya Natural Parks A red and vertical rock face. ArgentinaSan Juan and La Rioja Province
 Argentina
30°0′S 68°0′W / 30.000°S 68.000°W / -30.000; -68.000 (Ischigualasto / Talampaya Natural Parks)
Natural:
(viii)
7005275369000000000275,369 (680,450) 2000 As the most complete continental fossil site of the Triassic period (245–208 million years ago), the propertie's remains of mammals, dinosaurs and plants reveal the evolution of vertebrates. [112]
Islands and Protected Areas of the Gulf of California
Gulf of California
Baja California, Baja California Sur, Sonora, Sinaloa and Nayarit,  Mexico
27°38′N 112°33′W / 27.633°N 112.550°W / 27.633; -112.550 (Islands and Protected Areas of the Gulf of California)
Natural:
(vii), (ix), (x)
2005
[nb 10]
The property has marine and insular habitats including bridge islands[nb 11] and oceanic islands.[nb 12] It constitutes a unique ecoregion of exceptional biodiversity with 695 species of plant, 891 species of fish (90 of which are endemic), 39% of the world's marine mammal species, and a large number of bird species. [113]
[114]
Jesuit Block and Estancias of Córdoba Stone church or monastery complex beyond a lake. ArgentinaCórdoba
 Argentina
31°25′14″S 64°11′28″W / 31.42056°S 64.19111°W / -31.42056; -64.19111 (Jesuit Block and Estancias of Córdoba)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
2000 Founded in the early 17th century, this Jesuit reduction has preserved the university, church, residences and five farming estates (estancias), illustrating the missionary and economic activities carried out by the Jesuits over a period of 150 years in the New World. [115]
Jesuit Missions of La Santísima Trinidad de Paraná and Jesús de Tavarangue Ruins of stone buildings. Paraguay
 Paraguay
27°8′S 55°42′W / 27.133°S 55.700°W / -27.133; -55.700 (Jesuit Missions of La Santísima Trinidad de Paraná and Jesús de Tavarangue)
Cultural:
(iv)
1993 The ruins of these Jesuit reductions bear testimony to the missionary, social and economical activities of the Jesuits in the Rio de la Plata Basin in the 17th and 18th centuries. [116]
Jesuit Missions of Chiquitos A wooden bell-tower and a church in three-quarter view. The bell-tower consists of a roof-covered platform supported by four columns with twisted fluting. Clocks are attached to the platform and a spiral staircase leads to it. The facade of the church is white and decorated with orange paintings. The church roof is rather large. BoliviaSanta Cruz Department,
 Bolivia
16°0′S 60°30′W / 16.000°S 60.500°W / -16.000; -60.500 (Jesuit Missions of Chiquitos)
Cultural:
(iv), (v)
1990 Six settlements in the Chiquitania have been preserved as living heritage of their past as Jesuit reductions in the 17th and 18th centuries. Their churches largely restored in the late 20th century are a fusion of indigenous and European architectural traditions. [117]
Jesuit Missions of the Guaranis: San Ignacio Miní, Santa Ana, Nuestra Señora de Loreto and Santa María Mayor (Argentina), Ruins of São Miguel das Missões (Brazil) Ruins of a stone church facade and tower. ArgentinaMisiones Province,  Argentina* and Rio Grande do Sul,  Brazil*
28°32′36″S 54°15′57″W / 28.54333°S 54.26583°W / -28.54333; -54.26583 (Jesuit Missions of the Guaranis: San Ignacio Mini, Santa Ana, Nuestra Señora de Loreto and Santa Maria Mayor (Argentina), Ruins of Sao Miguel das Missoes (Brazil))
Cultural:
(iv)
1983
[nb 13]
Each of the five ruined Jesuit missions founded amidst a tropical forest in the land of the Guaraní people in the 17th and 18th centuries is characterized by a specific design. [118]
[119]
Joggins Fossil Cliffs Fossilized tree trunk in a rock face. CanadaNova Scotia
 Canada
45°42′35″N 64°26′9″W / 45.70972°N 64.43583°W / 45.70972; -64.43583 (Joggins Fossil Cliffs)
Natural:
(viii)
7002689000000000000689 (1,700); buffer zone 29 (72) 2008 This paleontological site contains the most complete terrestrial fossil record of the Carboniferous period including tracks of early animals and of the rainforest they lived in. [120]
Joya de Cerén Archaeological Site Archaeological excavation of a building. El SalvadorOpico, La Libertad Department,
 El Salvador
13°49′39″N 89°22′9″W / 13.82750°N 89.36917°W / 13.82750; -89.36917 (Joya de Cerén Archaeological Site)
Cultural:
(iii), (iv)
1993 Joya de Cerén are the remains of a pre-Hispanic farming community that has been preserved largely intact buried under a volcanic eruption around 590 AD. It provides valuable archaeological for everyday life in the 6th century. [121]
Kluane / Wrangell-St Elias / Glacier Bay / Tatshenshini-Alsek A glacier, mountains of black gravel and snowcovered mountains. CanadaBritish Columbia and Yukon,  Canada*;
Alaska,  United States*
61°12′N 141°0′W / 61.200°N 141.000°W / 61.200; -141.000 (Kluane / Wrangell-St Elias / Glacier Bay / Tatshenshini-Alsek)
Natural:
(vii), (viii), (ix), (x)
70069839121000000009,839,121 (24,313,000) 1979
[nb 14]
These parks comprise the world's largest non-polar icefield, some of the largest glaciers and a tectonically active mountain landscape. They are home to a number of species endangered elsewhere such as bears, wolves, caribou and Dall sheep. [122]
[123]
[124]
La Fortaleza and San Juan National Historic Site in Puerto Rico Blue building on top of an old wall near water. United StatesSan Juan, Puerto Rico,
 United States
18°28′0″N 66°7′30″W / 18.46667°N 66.12500°W / 18.46667; -66.12500 (La Fortaleza and San Juan National Historic Site in Puerto Rico)
Cultural:
(vi)
1983 Puerto Rico was of prime strategic importance during the American colonial period illustrated by the fortifications built between the 15th and 19th century to protect the harbour of San Juan. [125]
Landscape of Grand Pré Statue of Longfellow's Evangeline (by Louis-Philippe Hébert) and memorial church. CanadaNova Scotia,
 Canada
45°7′6″N 64°18′26″W / 45.11833°N 64.30722°W / 45.11833; -64.30722 (Landscape of Grand Pré)
Natural:
(v), (vi)
70031323000000000001,323 (3,270) 2012 [126]
L’Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site Grass-covered house with wooden chimneys. CanadaNewfoundland and Labrador
 Canada
51°28′0″N 55°37′0″W / 51.46667°N 55.61667°W / 51.46667; -55.61667 (L’Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site)
Cultural:
(vi)
1978 These remains of an 11th-century Viking settlement are the first and only known site of Norse presence and the earliest known European settlement in America outside of Greenland. [127]
León Cathedral Main facade of a large church with two massive and low and three main doors. NicaraguaLeón
 Nicaragua
12°26′06″N 86°52′41″W / 12.43500°N 86.87806°W / 12.43500; -86.87806 (León Cathedral)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
69997700000000000000.77 (1.9); buffer zone 13 (32) 2011 Built over more than 150 years starting in the mid-18th century, the cathedral's architecture is a fusion of different styles from Baroque to Neoclassicism and an expression of a new Latin American society that developed around the 18th century. [128]
Lines and Geoglyphs of Nazca and Pampas de Jumana Black and white line engraving of a monkey with a curled tail. PeruNazca,
 Peru
14°43′33″S 75°8′55″W / 14.72583°S 75.14861°W / -14.72583; -75.14861 (Lines and Geoglyphs of Nazca and Pampas de Jumana))
Cultural:
(i), (iii), (iv)
1994 The large designs in the Nazca Desert are believed to have been created by the Nazca culture between 400 and 650 AD. They were created by scratching lines into the ground surface. Designs include animals such as a monkey and hummingbird, plants, and geographic shapes on a large scale. It is believed that they served a ritualistic purpose. [129]
[130]
Los Glaciares A glacier calving into the sea or a lake. ArgentinaSanta Cruz Province
 Argentina
50°0′0″S 73°14′58″W / 50.00000°S 73.24944°W / -50.00000; -73.24944 (Los Glaciares)
Natural:
(vii), (viii)
7005445900000000000445,900 (1,102,000) 1981 This National Park is of exceptional beauty comprising high peaks, glacial lakes and glaciers, some of which are advancing. [131]
Los Katíos National Park
ColombiaAntioquia and Chocó Departments,
 Colombia
7°40′N 77°0′W / 7.667°N 77.000°W / 7.667; -77.000 (Los Katíos National Park)
Natural:
(ix), (x)
700472000000000000072,000 (180,000) 1994 Situated at the Darién Gap, Los Katíos comprizes hills, forests and humid plains that are notable for their exceptional bio-diversity including many endangered animal species and endemic plants. The site has been listed as endangered since 2009 due to deforestation, illegal fishing and hunting. [132][133]
Luis Barragán House and Studio House consisting of differently colored blocks: grey, pink, red, white. Mexico City,  Mexico
19°25′6″N 99°11′54″W / 19.41833°N 99.19833°W / 19.41833; -99.19833 (Luis Barragán House and Studio)
Cultural:
(i), (ii)
69991200000000000000.12 (0.30); buffer zone 23 (57) 2004 Built in 1948, the house and studio of Mexican architect Luis Barragán combines traditional and modern influences and is considered a masterpiece of the Modern Movement. [134]
Malpelo Fauna and Flora Sanctuary Irregularly shaped rock with smooth surfaces in the sea. ColombiaCauca Department,
 Colombia
3°58′N 81°37′W / 3.967°N 81.617°W / 3.967; -81.617 (Malpelo Fauna and Flora Sanctuary)
Natural:
(vii), (ix)
7005857500000000000857,500 (2,119,000) 2006 [135]
Mammoth Cave National Park A cave with layered rocks. At the end of the cave there is a light. United StatesKentucky,
 United States
37°11′14″N 86°6′11″W / 37.18722°N 86.10306°W / 37.18722; -86.10306 (Mammoth Cave National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (viii), (x)
700421191000000000021,191 (52,360) 1981 The longest cave system known in the world. [136]
Manú National Park Trees on yellow soil near a river. PeruMadre de Dios,
 Peru
12°15′S 71°45′W / 12.250°S 71.750°W / -12.250; -71.750 (Manú National Park))
Natural:
(ix), (x)
70061716295000000001,716,295 (4,241,060) 1987
[nb 15]
The park spreads from 150 metres (490 ft) to 4,200 metres (13,800 ft) above sea-level. Manú is home to 1,000 bird species, over 200 species of mammals (100 of which are bats), and over 15,000 species of flowering plants. Prior to being recognized as a World Heritage site, it was designated as a biosphere reserve in 1977. [137]
[138]
[139]
Maya Site of Copán Stele of human figure with large headdress. HondurasCopán Department,
 Honduras
14°51′0″N 89°8′0″W / 14.85000°N 89.13333°W / 14.85000; -89.13333 (Maya Site of Copan)
Cultural:
(iv), (vi)
1980 [140]
Mesa Verde National Park Ruins of circular and rectangular buildings under an overhanging cliff. United StatesColorado,
 United States
37°15′42″N 108°29′8″W / 37.26167°N 108.48556°W / 37.26167; -108.48556 (Mesa Verde National Park)
Cultural:
(iii)
1978 [141]
Miguasha National Park Forested mountains with rocks and pebble beach. CanadaGaspé Peninsula, Quebec
 Canada
48°6′18″N 66°21′11″W / 48.10500°N 66.35306°W / 48.10500; -66.35306 (Miguasha National Park)
Natural:
(viii)
700187000000000000087 (210) 1999 [142]
Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve A large number of orange butterflies in flight. Michoacán and Mexico State,  Mexico
19°36′23″N 100°14′30″W / 19.60639°N 100.24167°W / 19.60639; -100.24167 (Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve)
Natural:
(vii)
700413552000000000013,552 (33,490); buffer zone 42,707 (105,530) 2008 [143]
Monticello and the University of Virginia in Charlottesville Red brick building with a white classicist columned entrance. United StatesVirginia,
 United States
38°1′58″N 78°30′14″W / 38.03278°N 78.50389°W / 38.03278; -78.50389 (Monticello and the University of Virginia in Charlottesville)
Cultural:
(i), (iv), (vi)
1987 [144]
Monumental Earthworks of Poverty Point Mound & Mound at Poverty Point.jpg United StatesLouisiana,
 United States

32°38′13″N 91°24′23″W / 32.63694°N 91.40639°W / 32.63694; -91.40639 (Monumental Earthworks of Poverty Point)

Cultural:
(iii)
7002163000000000000163 (400) 2014 [145]
Morne Trois Pitons National Park Valley and reddish rocks. Dominicasouth central part of the island,
 Dominica
15°16′N 61°17′W / 15.267°N 61.283°W / 15.267; -61.283 (Morne Trois Pitons National Park)
Natural:
(viii), (x)
70036857000000000006,857 (16,940) 1997 [146]
Nahanni National Park Large but relatively low waterfall through rocks. CanadaNorthwest Territories
 Canada
61°33′N 125°35′W / 61.550°N 125.583°W / 61.550; -125.583 (Nahanni National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (viii)
7005476560000000000476,560 (1,177,600) 1978 [147]
National Archeological Park of Tierradentro Interior of a cave with wall paintings of geometrical figures in red, black and white. ColombiaInza, Cauca Department,
 Colombia
2°35′0″N 76°2′0″W / 2.58333°N 76.03333°W / 2.58333; -76.03333 (National Archeological Park of Tierradentro)
Cultural:
(iii)
1995 [148]
National History Park – Citadel, Sans Souci, Ramiers Ruins of a large stone building and flight of steps. HaitiNord Department,
 Haiti
19°34′25″N 72°14′39″W / 19.57361°N 72.24417°W / 19.57361; -72.24417 (National History Park – Citadel, Sans Souci, Ramiers)
Cultural:
(iv), (vi)
1982 [149]
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park Large waterfall among rocks covered with vegetation. BoliviaSanta Cruz Department,
 Bolivia
14°16′S 60°52′W / 14.267°S 60.867°W / -14.267; -60.867 (Noel Kempff Mercado National Park)
Natural:
(ix), (x)
70061523446000000001,523,446 (3,764,520) 2000 [150]
Old Havana and its Fortifications A city street with a tall, old looking building in the center. It has two circular towers on either end that are taller than the rest of the building. CubaLa Habana,
 Cuba
23°8′0″N 82°21′0″W / 23.13333°N 82.35000°W / 23.13333; -82.35000 (Old Havana and its Fortifications)
Cultural:
(iv), (v)
7002143000000000000143 (350) 1982 Havana was founded in 1519 by Spanish colonists, growing to become one of the Caribbean's primary shipbuilding centers by the 17th century. The old city was built in the Baroque and Neoclassical styles. Historical landmarks in Old Havana include La Cabaña, the Cathedral of Havana and the Great Theatre of Havana. [151]
Old Town Lunenburg Churches and brightly colored houses near the water. CanadaNova Scotia
 Canada
44°22′34″N 64°18′33″W / 44.37611°N 64.30917°W / 44.37611; -64.30917 (Old Town Lunenburg)
Cultural:
(iv), (v)
1995 [152]
Olympic National Park Rocky coastline with trees on the top of the rocks. United StatesWashington,
 United States
47°45′N 123°27′W / 47.750°N 123.450°W / 47.750; -123.450 (Olympic National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (ix)
7005369660000000000369,660 (913,400) 1981 [153]
Pantanal Conservation Area Plain with forests, grassland, rivers and many lakes. BrazilMato Grosso do Sul and Mato Grosso,
 Brazil
17°43′S 57°23′W / 17.717°S 57.383°W / -17.717; -57.383 (Pantanal Conservation Area)
Natural:
(vii), (ix), (x)
7005187818000000000187,818 (464,110) 2000 [154]
Península Valdés A group of sea lions including male, female and young animals on a sandy beach. ArgentinaViedma Department
 Argentina
42°30′S 64°0′W / 42.500°S 64.000°W / -42.500; -64.000 (Península Valdés)
Natural:
(x)
7005360000000000000360,000 (890,000) 1999 [155]
Pitons Management Area A pair of steep conical rocks rising from the sea. Saint Lucianear Soufrière,
 Saint Lucia
13°48′25.5″N 61°4′13.3″W / 13.807083°N 61.070361°W / 13.807083; -61.070361 (Pitons Management Area)
Natural:
(vii), (viii)
70032909000000000002,909 (7,190) 2004 [156]
Port, Fortresses and Group of Monuments, Cartagena Facade of a yellow stone church with two towers. Above the main entrance there is a human sculpture and higher up a clock. ColombiaBolívar Department,
 Colombia
10°25′0″N 75°32′0″W / 10.41667°N 75.53333°W / 10.41667; -75.53333 (Port, Fortresses and Group of Monuments, Cartagena)
Cultural:
(iv), (vi)
1984 [157]
Pre-Hispanic City and National Park of Palenque Ruins and walls of structures. A four storied square tower is in relatively good condition. The site is surrounded by forest. Chiapas,  Mexico
17°29′0″N 92°3′0″W / 17.48333°N 92.05000°W / 17.48333; -92.05000 (Pre-Hispanic City and National Park of Palenque)
Cultural:
(i), (ii), (iii), (iv)
1987 [158]
Precolumbian chiefdom settlements with stone spheres of the Diquís Stone sphere of Costa Rica located at National Museum. Palmar Sur,  Costa Rica
8°54′41″N 83°28′39″W / 8.911389°N 83.477500°W / 8.911389; -83.477500 (Precolumbian chiefdom settlements with stone spheres of the Diquís)
Cultural:
(iii)
70036172000000000006,172 (15,250); buffer zone 6,080 (15,000) 2014 [159]
Pre-Hispanic City of Chichen-Itza A large nine-storied stone pyramid with smoothed surfaces and stairs leading to the top from at least two sides. At the top of the pyramid there is a square structure with flat roof and entrances from both visible sides. Yucatán,  Mexico
20°40′0″N 88°36′0″W / 20.66667°N 88.60000°W / 20.66667; -88.60000 (Pre-Hispanic City of Chichen-Itza)
Cultural:
(i), (ii), (iii)
1988 [160]
Pre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacan A large stone pyramid with smoothed surfaces and stairs leading to the top. Smaller pyramids of about 4 levels are surrounding a large square and line a wide road. State of Mexico,  Mexico
19°41′30″N 98°50′30″W / 19.69167°N 98.84167°W / 19.69167; -98.84167 (Pre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacan)
Cultural:
(i), (ii), (iii), (iv), (vi)
1987 [161]
Pre-Hispanic Town of Uxmal Stone pyramid with smooth surfaces and rounded corners. A staircase on one side leads to a structure at the top of the pyramid. Yucatán,  Mexico
20°21′42″N 89°46′13″W / 20.36167°N 89.77028°W / 20.36167; -89.77028 (Pre-Hispanic Town of Uxmal)
Cultural:
(i), (ii), (iii)
1996 [162]
Prehistoric Caves of Yagul and Mitla in the Central Valley of Oaxaca Ruins of a building decorated with geometric patterns in relief. A flight of steps lined by red walls leads to the entrance of the building. Oaxaca,  Mexico
16°57′3″N 96°25′16″W / 16.95083°N 96.42111°W / 16.95083; -96.42111 (Prehistoric Caves of Yagul and Mitla in the Central Valley of Oaxaca)
Cultural:
(iii)
70031515000000000001,515 (3,740); buffer zone 3,860 (9,500) 2010 [163]
Protective town of San Miguel and the Sanctuary of Jesús Nazareno de Atotonilco Church with a coppola and massive castle-like walls with small windows. Guanajuato,  Mexico
20°54′52″N 100°44′47″W / 20.91444°N 100.74639°W / 20.91444; -100.74639 (Protective town of San Miguel and the Sanctuary of Jesús Nazareno de Atotonilco)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
700147000000000000047 (120); buffer zone 47 (120) 2008 [164]
Pueblo de Taos A cluster of reddish brown small adobe houses with blue doors and window frames. United StatesNew Mexico,
 United States
36°26′20″N 105°32′30″W / 36.43889°N 105.54167°W / 36.43889; -105.54167 (Pueblo de Taos)
Cultural:
(iv)
1992 [165]
Quebrada de Humahuaca Mountains with little vegetation cover. ArgentinaJujuy Province
 Argentina
23°12′0″S 65°20′56″W / 23.20000°S 65.34889°W / -23.20000; -65.34889 (Quebrada de Humahuaca)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv), (v)
7005172116000000000172,116 (425,310); buffer zone 369,649 (913,420) 2003 [166]
Red Bay Basque Whaling Station Basque whaling station on Saddle Island. CanadaNewfoundland and Labrador
 Canada
51°43′36.93″N 56°25′46.28″W / 51.7269250°N 56.4295222°W / 51.7269250; -56.4295222 (Red Bay Basque Whaling Station)
Cultural:
(iii), (iv)
7002313000000000000313 (770); buffer zone 285 (700) 2013 [167]
Redwood National and State Parks Forest with undergrowth. United StatesCalifornia,
 United States
41°22′N 124°0′W / 41.367°N 124.000°W / 41.367; -124.000 (Redwood National and State Parks)
Natural:
(vii), (ix)
700456883000000000056,883 (140,560) 1980 [168]
Rideau Canal A small canal with a set of locks leading from a river near a large city. CanadaOntario
 Canada
45°0′N 75°46′W / 45.000°N 75.767°W / 45.000; -75.767 (Rideau Canal)
Cultural:
(i), (iv)
700421455000000000021,455 (53,020); buffer zone 2,363 (5,840) 2007 The Rideau Canal (French: Canal Rideau), also known as the Rideau Waterway, connects the city of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada on the Ottawa River to the city of Kingston, Ontario on Lake Ontario. The canal was opened in 1832 as a precaution in case of war with the United States and is still in use today, with most of its original structures intact. The canal system uses sections of major rivers, including the Rideau and the Cataraqui, as well as some lakes. It is the oldest continuously operated canal system in North America. [169]
Rio Abiseo National Park PeruSan Martín,
 Peru
7°45′S 77°15′W / 7.750°S 77.250°W / -7.750; -77.250 (Rio Abiseo National Park))
Mixed:
(iii), (vii), (ix), (x)
7005274520000000000274,520 (678,400) 1990
[nb 16]
The park was created in 1983 in order to protect the region's rainforest habitat. The park is home to many endemic species such as the Yellow-tailed Woolly Monkey, which was thought to be extinct. The site is also listed under cultural criteria, as over 30 Pre-Columbian sites have been discovered since 1985. [170]
[171]
Rio de Janeiro: Carioca Landscapes Between the Mountain and the Sea Human sculptures and a hyperbolic shaped modern building with white ribs and glass. BrazilRio de Janeiro,
 Brazil
24°50′S 43°11′W / 24.833°S 43.183°W / -24.833; -43.183 (Rio de Janeiro)
Cultural:
(vi)
70037249000000000007,249 (17,910); buffer zone 8,621 (21,300) 2012 The listed site consists of an exceptional urban setting rather than built heritage. It encompasses the key natural elements that have shaped and inspired the development of the city: from the highest points of the Tijuca National Park’s mountains down to the sea. They also include the Botanical Gardens, established in 1808, Corcovado Mountain with its celebrated statue of Christ and the hills around Guanabara Bay, including the extensive designed landscapes along Copacabana Bay which have contributed to the outdoor living culture of this spectacular city. Rio de Janeiro is also recognized for the artistic inspiration it has provided to musicians, landscapers and urbanists. [172]
Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve River through dense vegetation. Many tree trunks are lying in the river. HondurasLa Mosquitia,
 Honduras
15°44′40″N 84°40′30″W / 15.74444°N 84.67500°W / 15.74444; -84.67500 (Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve)
Natural:
(vii), (viii), (ix), (x)
7005500000000000000500,000 (1,200,000) 1982 Endangered since 2011 [173]
Rock Paintings of the Sierra de San Francisco Prehistoric rock art pictographs of the Cochimi in the Sierra de San Francisco mountain range. Baja California Sur,  Mexico
27°39′20″N 112°54′58″W / 27.65556°N 112.91611°W / 27.65556; -112.91611 (Rock Paintings of the Sierra de San Francisco)
Cultural:
(i), (iii)
1993 [174]
Ruins of León Viejo Ruins consisting of foundations of small buildings. NicaraguaPuerto Momotombo, Municipality La Paz Centro, Department of León,
 Nicaragua
12°23′50″N 86°36′37″W / 12.39722°N 86.61028°W / 12.39722; -86.61028 (Ruins of León Viejo)
Cultural:
(iii), (iv)
2000 [175]
Sacred City of Caral-Supe Ruins of two pyramids in a desert landscape. PeruLima,
 Peru
10°53′30″S 77°31′17″W / 10.89167°S 77.52139°W / -10.89167; -77.52139 (Sacred City of Caral-Supe))
Cultural:
(ii), (iii), (iv)
7002626000000000000626 (1,550); buffer zone 14,620 (36,100) 2009 The archaeological site belonged to the Norte Chico civilization that inhabited the area during the Late Archaic period. Caral is one of 18 complex urban settlements in the region and features many monuments and pyramids. Caral is the earliest known American settlement. A quipu recovered from the site demonstrates its influence on later Andean cultures. [176]
San Agustín Archaeological Park Several stone figures carrying a large flat stone on their heads. ColombiaSan Augustin and San José de Isnos, Huila Department,
 Colombia
1°55′0″N 76°14′0″W / 1.91667°N 76.23333°W / 1.91667; -76.23333 (San Agustín Archaeological Park)
Cultural:
(iii)
1995 [177]
Sanctuary of Bom Jesus do Congonhas Stairs leading to a white stone church with two towers. Sculptures are placed on walls in front of the church. BrazilCongonhas, Minas Gerais,
 Brazil
20°29′59″S 43°51′28″W / 20.49972°S 43.85778°W / -20.49972; -43.85778 (Sanctuary of Bom Jesus do Congonhas)
Cultural:
(i), (iv)
1985 [178]
Sangay National Park Forested mountain landscape. EcuadorMorona Santiago, Chimborazo and Tungurahua Provinces,
 Ecuador
1°50′S 78°20′W / 1.833°S 78.333°W / -1.833; -78.333 (Sangay National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (viii), (ix), (x)
7005271925000000000271,925 (671,940) 1983 Endangered 1992–2005 [179]
San Pedro de la Roca Castle, Santiago de Cuba A series of walls made of stone sit on a hill that is above water. CubaSantiago de Cuba Province,
 Cuba
19°58′0″N 75°52′15″W / 19.96667°N 75.87083°W / 19.96667; -75.87083 (San Pedro de la Roca Castle, Santiago de Cuba)
Cultural:
(iv), (v)
1997 The large fort was built to defend the important port of Santiago de Cuba. The design of the fortification was based on Italian and Renaissance architecture. The complex of magazines, bastions, and batteries is one of the most complete and well-preserved Spanish-American defense fortifications. [180]
São Francisco Square in the Town of São Cristóvão Square of São Francisco, as seen from the shopping center "São Francisco Centro." BrazilSão Cristóvão, Sergipe,
 Brazil
11°0′58″S 37°12′36″W / 11.01611°S 37.21000°W / -11.01611; -37.21000 (São Francisco Square in the Town of São Cristóvão)
Cultural:
(ii), (iv)
70003000000000000003.00 (7.4); buffer zone 2,500 (6,200) 2010 [181]
Serra da Capivara National Park Rock painting in red of a four legged animal, a smaller four legged animal and a human figure. BrazilPiauí,
 Brazil
8°25′0″S 42°20′0″W / 8.41667°S 42.33333°W / -8.41667; -42.33333 (Serra da Capivara National Park)
Cultural:
(iii)
1991 [182]
Sewell Mining Town Large three-storied houses on a slope painted in light blue. ChileMachalí, Cachapoal Province, O'Higgins Region
 Chile
34°5′4″S 70°22′58″W / 34.08444°S 70.38278°W / -34.08444; -70.38278 (Sewell Mining Town)
Cultural:
(ii)
700117000000000000017 (42); buffer zone 33 (82) 2006 [183]
SGang Gwaay Clearance in a forest. CanadaBritish Columbia,
 Canada
52°5′42″N 131°13′13″W / 52.09500°N 131.22028°W / 52.09500; -131.22028 (SGang Gwaay)
Cultural:
(iii)
1981 [184]
Sian Ka'an Bay or other water near the sea. The floor is visible through the water. In the distance there is a sandy beach, forested areas and the sea. Quintana Roo,  Mexico
19°23′N 87°48′W / 19.383°N 87.800°W / 19.383; -87.800 (Sian Ka'an)
Natural:
(vii), (x)
7005528000000000000528,000 (1,300,000) 1987 [185]
Statue of Liberty Statue of a robed female figure bearing a torch in her right outstretched arm and a tablet in the other. United StatesNew York City, New York,
 United States
40°41′22″N 74°2′41″W / 40.68944°N 74.04472°W / 40.68944; -74.04472 (Statue of Liberty)
Cultural:
(i), (vi)
1984 [186]
Talamanca Range-La Amistad Reserves / La Amistad National Park Narrow waterfall Costa RicaSan José, Cartago, Limón and Puntarenas Provinces,  Costa Rica*; Bocas del Toro and Chiriquí Provinces,  Panama*
9°24′26″N 82°56′20″W / 9.40722°N 82.93889°W / 9.40722; -82.93889 (Talamanca Range-La Amistad Reserves / La Amistad National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (viii), (ix), (x)
7005567845000000000567,845 (1,403,180) 1983
[nb 17]
[187]
[188]
Tikal National Park Ruins of stone pyramids and other buildings. GuatemalaPetén Department,
 Guatemala
17°13′N 89°37′W / 17.217°N 89.617°W / 17.217; -89.617 (Tikal National Park)
Mixed:
(i), (iii), (iv), (ix), (x)
700457600000000000057,600 (142,000) 1979 [189]
Tiwanaku: Spiritual and Political Centre of the Tiwanaku Culture Simple stone gate decorated with a flat repeating checkered pattern of small figures and a larger figure in relief at the center top. BoliviaIngavi Province, La Paz Department,
 Bolivia
16°33′30″S 68°40′40″W / 16.55833°S 68.67778°W / -16.55833; -68.67778 (Tiwanaku: Spiritual and Political Centre of the Tiwanaku Culture)
Cultural:
(iii), (iv)
2000 [190]
Trinidad and the Valley de los Ingenios A group of buildings with red roofs in the middle of green trees and hills. There is a taller building with a tower in the center. CubaSancti Spíritus Province,
 Cuba
21°48′11″N 79°59′4″W / 21.80306°N 79.98444°W / 21.80306; -79.98444 (Trinidad and the Valley de los Ingenios)
Cultural:
(iv), (v)
1988 The city of Trinidad was founded in the early 16th century. In 1518, Hernán Cortés began his expedition to conquer Mexico from the port at Trinidad. The city prospered throughout the colonial period in large part due to the success of the local sugar industry. The adjacent Valley de los Ingenios was the origin of the Cuban sugar industry, which emerged in the 18th century. It is home to numerous cane sugar mills, as well as cattle ranches and tobacco plantations. [191]
Urban Historic Centre of Cienfuegos A building with yellow walls has two towers of different heights with round red roofs. There are bells in the tallest tower. CubaCienfuegos,
 Cuba
22°8′50″N 80°27′10″W / 22.14722°N 80.45278°W / 22.14722; -80.45278 (Urban Historic Centre of Cienfuegos)
Cultural:
(ii), (v)
2005 Cienfuegos was founded in 1819 as a Spanish colony, though its first inhabitants were French immigrants. It became a trade center in the sugar cane, tobacco, and coffee trade because of its location on the Bay of Cienfuegos. Because of its establishment in the later colonial period, the architecture has more modern influences: including modern ideas of urban planning. [192]
Viñales Valley There is a field with tall grass and trees and a small wooden hut in the front, and steep cliffs in the back. CubaPinar del Río Province,
 Cuba
22°37′N 83°43′W / 22.617°N 83.717°W / 22.617; -83.717 (Viñales Valley)
Cultural:
(iv)
1999 The village of Viñales was founded in 1875 after the expansion of tobacco cultivation in the surrounding valley. The Valley features a karst topography, vernacular architecture, and traditional cultivation methods. The Valley was also the site of various military engagements in the Cuban War of Independence and Cuban Revolution. [193]
[194]
Waterton Glacier International Peace Park Herbst Glacier on the US side of Waterton Glacier International Peace Park. CanadaAlberta,  Canada*;
Montana,  United States*
49°0′N 113°54′W / 49.000°N 113.900°W / 49.000; -113.900 (Waterton Glacier International Peace Park)
Natural:
(vii), (ix)
7005457614000000000457,614 (1,130,790) 1995 [195]
Whale Sanctuary of El Vizcaino
Mulegé Municipality, Baja California Sur,  Mexico
27°48′N 114°14′W / 27.800°N 114.233°W / 27.800; -114.233 (Whale Sanctuary of El Vizcaino)
Natural:
(x)
7005370950000000000370,950 (916,600) 1993 [196]
Wood Buffalo National Park Frontal view of a buffalo. CanadaAlberta and Northwest Territories,
 Canada
59°22′N 112°18′W / 59.367°N 112.300°W / 59.367; -112.300 (Wood Buffalo National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (ix), (x)
70064480000000000004,480,000 (11,100,000) 1983 [197]
Yellowstone National Park
Large waterfall in a rocky mountain landscape.
Wyoming and small areas of Montana and Idaho,  United States
44°30′N 110°50′W / 44.500°N 110.833°W / 44.500; -110.833 (Yellowstone National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (viii), (ix), (x)
7005898349000000000898,349 (2,219,870) 1978 Endangered 1995–2003 [198]
Yosemite National Park
Forested valley lined by large rocks.
California,  United States
37°45′N 119°36′W / 37.750°N 119.600°W / 37.750; -119.600 (Yosemite National Park)
Natural:
(vii), (viii)
7005308283000000000308,283 (761,780) 1984 [199]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Extended in 2003 to include the archaeological site of Panamá Viejo and name change from Historic District of Panamá, with the Salón Bolivar, Panama to the present name.
  2. ^ Extended in 2004 to include the sector Santa Elena.
  3. ^ The five sites are: Historic Centre of Mexico City and Xochimilco, Historic Monuments Zone of Querétaro, Historic Town of Guanajuato and Adjacent Mines, Protective town of San Miguel and the Sanctuary of Jesús Nazareno de Atotonilco, Historic Centre of Zacatecas.
  4. ^ Extended in 1990 to include Mount Robson, Hamber and Mount Assiniboine Provincial Parks.
  5. ^ Extended in 2003 to include the Amana Sustainable Development Reserve, the Demonstration area of the Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve and the Anavilhanas Ecological Station; and name change from Jaú National Park, Brazil to the present name.
  6. ^ It is a Centre of Plant Diversity, an Endemic Bird Area of the World and a Global 200 ecoregion.
  7. ^ Extension of the park's marine zone in 2002.
  8. ^ Reasons include insufficient prevention of possibilities for the introduction of alien species, insufficient resource allocation for conservation agencies and park management, presence of a large number of illegal immigrants, rapid uncontrolled growth of tourism, fishing over-capacity and sports fishing.
  9. ^ Extended in 1991 to include "the area protected by national legislation."
  10. ^ Minor modification of boundaries in 2007 to include the Islas Marietas National Park and the San Lorenzo Marine Archipelago National Park.
  11. ^ Islands populated by land in times of ocean level decline.
  12. ^ Islands populated by sea and air
  13. ^ Extended in 1984 to include the four Argentinian missions making it a trans-border site; and name change from The Ruins of São Miguel das Missões to the present name.
  14. ^ Extended in 1992 to include the Glacier Bay National Park and in 1994 to include the Tatshenshini-Alsek Provincial Park. The name of the site was changed accordingly from Wrangell/St. Elias/Kluane at the time of inscription to Glacier Bay/Wrangell/St. Elias/Kluane in 1992 to the present name in 1994.
  15. ^ Minor modification of boundaries in 2009 to include all of the National Park in the World Heritage Site.
  16. ^ In 1992 inscription under cultural criteria (iii) in addition to original inscription as natural site based on criteria (vii), (ix), (x).
  17. ^ Modification of boundaries in 1990 to exclude areas that are not of outstanding universal value and to include the extended Chirripó and Talamanca National Parks.

References[edit]

General
Notes
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  17. ^ 33rd session 2009, pp. 81–82
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  48. ^ "Coro and its Port". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  49. ^ 29th session 2005, pp. 102–103
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  52. ^ "Desembarco del Granma National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
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  54. ^ "Dinosaur Provincial Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  55. ^ "Discovery Coast Atlantic Forest Reserves". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  56. ^ "Earliest 16th-Century Monasteries on the Slopes of Popocatepetl". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
  57. ^ "El Pinacate and Gran Desierto de Altar Biosphere Reserve". UNESCO. Retrieved 25 June 2013. 
  58. ^ "El Tajin, Pre-Hispanic City". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
  59. ^ "Everglades National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  60. ^ "World Heritage Committee: Seventeenth session". UNESCO. pp. 20–21. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
  61. ^ 34th session 2010, pp. 82–83
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  63. ^ "Franciscan Missions in the Sierra Gorda of Querétaro". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
  64. ^ "Fuerte de Samaipata". UNESCO. Retrieved 8 September 2011. 
  65. ^ "Galápagos Islands". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
  66. ^ 30th session 2006, pp. 70–71
  67. ^ 31st session 2007, pp. 68–69
  68. ^ 34th session 2010, pp. 34–35
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  70. ^ "Great Smoky Mountains National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  71. ^ "Gros Morne National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  72. ^ "Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  73. ^ "Historical Centre of the City of Arequipa". UNESCO. Retrieved September 28, 2010. 
  74. ^ "Historic Area of Willemstad, Inner City and Harbour, Curaçao". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  75. ^ "Historic Bridgetown and its Garrison". UNESCO. Retrieved 8 September 2011. 
  76. ^ "Historic Centre of Camagüey". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  77. ^ "Historic Centre of Salvador de Bahia". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  78. ^ "Historic Centre of Santa Ana de los Ríos de Cuenca". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  79. ^ "Historic Centre of Lima". UNESCO. Retrieved September 23, 2010. 
  80. ^ "Decision - 15COM XV.E - Extension: Historic Centre of Lima (Peru)". UNESCO. Retrieved September 23, 2010. 
  81. ^ "Historic Centre of Mexico City and Xochimilco". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
  82. ^ "Historic Centre of Morelia". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
  83. ^ "Historic Centre of Oaxaca and Archaeological Site of Monte Albán". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
  84. ^ "Historic Centre of Puebla". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
  85. ^ "Historic Centre of Santa Cruz de Mompox". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  86. ^ "Historic Centre of São Luís". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  87. ^ "Historic Centre of the Town of Diamantina". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  88. ^ "Historic Centre of the Town of Goiás". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 September 2011. 
  89. ^ "Historic Centre of the Town of Olinda". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 September 2011. 
  90. ^ "Historic Centre of Zacatecas". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
  91. ^ "Historic City of Sucre". UNESCO. Retrieved 8 September 2011. 
  92. ^ "Historic District of Old Québec". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  93. ^ "Historic Fortified Town of Campeche". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
  94. ^ "Historic Inner City of Paramaribo". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  95. ^ "Historic Monuments Zone of Querétaro". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
  96. ^ "Historic Monuments Zone of Tlacotalpan". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
  97. ^ "Historic Quarter of the City of Colonia del Sacramento". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  98. ^ "Historic Quarter of the Seaport City of Valparaíso". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  99. ^ "Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu". UNESCO. Retrieved September 21, 2010. 
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  102. ^ "Historic Town of Ouro Preto". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 September 2011. 
  103. ^ "Historic Bridgetown and its Garrison". UNESCO. Retrieved 8 September 2011. 
  104. ^ "Hospicio Cabañas, Guadalajara". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
  105. ^ "Huascarán National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved September 23, 2010. 
  106. ^ "Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  107. ^ 29th session 2005, pp. 142–143
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  109. ^ "Iguazu National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 8 September 2011. 
  110. ^ "Ilulissat Icefjord". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  111. ^ "Independence Hall". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  112. ^ "Ischigualasto / Talampaya Natural Parks". UNESCO. Retrieved 8 September 2011. 
  113. ^ "Islands and Protected Areas of the Gulf of California". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
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  115. ^ "Jesuit Block and Estancias of Córdoba". UNESCO. Retrieved 8 September 2011. 
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  135. ^ "Malpelo Fauna and Flora Sanctuary". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
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  143. ^ "Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
  144. ^ "Monticello and the University of Virginia in Charlottesville". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  145. ^ "Monumental Earthworks of Poverty Point". UNESCO. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
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  147. ^ "Nahanni National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  148. ^ "National Archeological Park of Tierradentro". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  149. ^ "National History Park – Citadel, Sans Souci, Ramiers". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  150. ^ "Noel Kempff Mercado National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 8 September 2011. 
  151. ^ "Old Havana and its Fortifications". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  152. ^ "Old Town Lunenburg". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  153. ^ "Olympic National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
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  155. ^ "Península Valdés". UNESCO. Retrieved 8 September 2011. 
  156. ^ "Pitons Management Area". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  157. ^ "Port, Fortresses and Group of Monuments, Cartagena". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  158. ^ "Pre-Hispanic City and National Park of Palenque". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
  159. ^ "Precolumbian chiefdom settlements with stone spheres of the Diquís". UNESCO. Retrieved 23 June 2014. 
  160. ^ "Pre-Hispanic City of Chichen-Itza". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
  161. ^ "Pre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacan". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
  162. ^ "Pre-Hispanic Town of Uxmal". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
  163. ^ "Prehistoric Caves of Yagul and Mitla in the Central Valley of Oaxaca". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
  164. ^ "Protective town of San Miguel and the Sanctuary of Jesús Nazareno de Atotonilco". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
  165. ^ "Pueblo de Taos". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  166. ^ "Quebrada de Humahuaca". UNESCO. Retrieved 8 September 2011. 
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  172. ^ "Rio de Janeiro: Carioca Landscapes between the Mountain and the Sea". UNESCO. Retrieved July 2, 2011. 
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  175. ^ "Ruins of León Viejo". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  176. ^ "Sacred City of Caral-Supe". UNESCO. Retrieved September 28, 2010. 
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  178. ^ "Sanctuary of Bom Jesus do Congonhas". UNESCO. Retrieved 10 September 2011. 
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  189. ^ "Tikal National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
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  191. ^ "Trinidad and the Valley de los Ingenios". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
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  193. ^ "Viñales Valley". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
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  195. ^ "Waterton Glacier International Peace Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  196. ^ "Whale Sanctuary of El Vizcaino". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
  197. ^ "Wood Buffalo National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  198. ^ "Yellowstone National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
  199. ^ "Yosemite National Park". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 

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