List of World War I aces credited with 11–14 victories

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The term "ace" (now commonly flying ace) was first used by French newspapers during World War I, describing Adolphe Pégoud as l'as (the ace), after he downed five German aircraft. When aircraft began to shoot or force down other aircraft, systems to count "air victories" were subsequently developed. The American qualification of five victories eventually became the standard, even though other air services had previously used differing figures.[1]

While "ace" status was most often won by fighter pilots, bomber and reconnaissance crews, and observers in two-seater aircraft such as the Bristol F.2b (Bristol Fighter), also destroyed enemy aircraft. If a two-seater aircraft destroyed an aircraft, both crew members were credited with a victory. Because pilots usually teamed with differing observer/gunners in two-seater aircraft, an observer might be an ace when his pilot was not, and vice versa.[2] The few aces among combat aviators have historically accounted for the majority of air-to-air victories in military history.[3]

Loss of records by mischance and the passage of time complicates reconstructing the actual count for given aces. The scores presented in the list cannot be definitive, but are based on itemized lists that are the best available sources of information.[4] Aces are listed after verifying the date and location of combat, and the foe vanquished, for every victory accredited by an aviator's home air service using their own aerial victory standards. Those victories for which the evidence is unavailable or fragmentary have been excluded from the victory count.

Aces[edit]

This list is complete. Notable aces are linked to their biographies.

      This along with the symbolic sword †, indicates that the pilot was known to be either killed in action, missing in action, died of wounds, or killed in a flying accident during World War I.

Name Country Air service(s) Victories
Marius Ambrogi  France Aéronautique Militaire 14 Legion d'Honneur, Médaille Militaire, Croix de Guerre with ten Palmes and a star[5]
Colin Brown  United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 14[6] Distinguished Flying Cross with Bar, French Croix de Guerre
Carleton Main Clement  Canada Royal Flying Corps 14[7] Military Cross, French Croix de Guerre
Arthur Coningham  Australia Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 14[8] Order of the Bath, Order of the British Empire, Distinguished Service Order, Military Cross, Distinguished Flying Cross, Air Force Cross[9] Air Marshal during World War II.
Euan Dickson  United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 14[10] Distinguished Service Cross with Bar, Distinguished Flying Cross, French Croix de Guerre
Charles Findlay  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 14[11] Distinguished Flying Cross
Maxwell Findlay  United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 14[12] Distinguished Service Cross, Distinguished Flying Cross
James Fitz-Morris  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 14[13] Military Cross with Bar.
Frank George Gibbons  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 14[14] Distinguished Flying Cross
Albert Earl Godfrey  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 14[15] Military Cross
Frank Gorringe  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 14[16] Military Cross, Distinguished Flying Cross
Reinhold Jörke  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 14[17] Iron Cross
Arthur Keen  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 14[18] Military Cross
Frederick Libby  United States Royal Flying Corps, US Army Air Service 14[19] First American ace. British Military Cross[20]
Ronald T. Mark  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 14[21] Military Cross with Bar.
Maurice Mealing  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 14[22] Military Cross
Walter Naylor  United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 14 Distinguished Service Medal[23]
James Dennis Payne  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 14[24] Military Cross
Franz Piechulek  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 14[25] Iron Cross
Georg Schlenker  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 14[26] Royal House Order of Hohenzollern, Iron Cross
William Sidebottom  United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 14[27] Distinguished Flying Cross
John Victor Sorsoleil  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force, Royal Canadian Air Force 14[28] Military Cross
George Thomson  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 14 Distinguished Flying Cross
Kenneth R. Unger  United States Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 14[29] British Distinguished Flying Cross[30]
Arthur Vigers  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 14[31] Military Cross, Distinguished Flying Cross
Hazel Wallace  Canada Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 14[32] Distinguished Flying Cross
Herbert Watson  New Zealand Australian Flying Corps 14[33] Highest scoring New Zealander in AFC. Distinguished Flying Cross
Noel Webb  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 14[34] Military Cross with Bar.
Rudolf Wendelmuth  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 14[35] Iron Cross
Thomas F. Williams  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force, Royal Canadian Air Force 14[36] Military Cross, Italian Medal for Military Valor
Frederick C. Armstrong  Canada Royal Naval Air Service 13[37] Distinguished Service Cross, French Croix de Guerre
Charles C. Banks  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 13[38] Military Cross, Distinguished Flying Cross
Reginald Brading  United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 13[39] Distinguished Flying Cross
Hans-Joachim Buddecke  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 13[40] Pour le Mérite, Iron Cross
Siegfried Büttner  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 13[41]
Jean Casale  France Aéronautique Militaire 13 Legion d'Honneur, Médaille militaire, Croix de Guerre with nine Palmes[42]
Friedrich Christiansen  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 13[43] Pour le Mérite (awarded for 21 victories), Royal House Order of Hohenzollern, Iron Cross
Geoffrey Hornblower Cock  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 13[44] Military Cross, Royal Air Force
Dieter Collin  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 13[45] Iron Cross
Douglas Graham Cooke  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 13[46] Military Cross
Sidney Cottle  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 13[47] Member of The Order of the British Empire, Distinguished Flying Cross, Italian Medal for Military Valor
Wilfred A. Curtis  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force, Royal Canadian Air Force 13[48] Distinguished Service Cross with Bar. As Air Marshal, served as Canadian Chief of Air Staff.
Omer Demeuldre  France Aéronautique Militaire 13 Legion d'Honneur, Médaille militaire, Croix de Guerre with seven Palmes and two Etoiles[49]
Albert Enstone  United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 13[50] Distinguished Service Cross, Distinguished Flying Cross
Hector Garaud  France Aéronautique Militaire 13 Legion d'Honneur, Médaille militaire, Croix de Guerre with eight Palmes and two Etoiles[51]
Heinrich Geigl  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 13 Royal House Order of Hohenzollern, Iron Cross[52]
Gavin L. Graham  South Africa Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 13[53] Distinguished Flying Cross, French Legion d'Honneur, French Croix de Guerre
Harold A. Hamersley  Australia Australian Flying Corps 13 Military Cross
Robert Heibert  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 13 Military Merit Cross, Iron Cross
Oscar Heron  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 13[54] Distinguished Flying Cross, Belgian Croix de Guerre
Spencer B. Horn  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 13[55] Military Cross
George R. Howsam  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force, Royal Canadian Air Force 13[56] Military Cross. Retired 1945 as Air Vice-Marshal of RCAF.
Ernest Charles Hoy  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 13[57] Distinguished Flying Cross
Harold B. Hudson  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 13[58] Military Cross
Johannes Janzen  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 13 Iron Cross[59]
Solomon Clifford Joseph  United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 13[60] Distinguished Flying Cross with Bar.
Ronald M. Keirstead  Canada Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 13[61] Distinguished Service Cross
John Letts  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 13[62] Military Cross
Sydney Tyndall Liversedge  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 13[63]
William E. G. Mann  United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 13[64] Distinguished Flying Cross
John G. Manuel  Canada Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 13[65] Distinguished Service Cross, Distinguished Flying Cross
Wilfrid Reid May  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 13[66] Distinguished Flying Cross
Christian Mesch  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 13[67]
Marcel Nogues  France Aéronautique Militaire 13 Legion d'Honneur, Croix de Guerre with 12 Palmes[68]
Thomas L. Purdom  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 13[69] Military Cross
David Putnam  United States Aéronautique Militaire, US Army Air Service 13[70] Distinguished Service Cross, French Legion d'Honneur, Médaille militaire, Croix de Guerre[71]
Francis James Ralph  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 13 Distinguished Flying Cross
Harry Gosford Reeves  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 13[70]
George R. Riley  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 13[72] Military Cross, Distinguished Flying Cross
Otto Rosenfeld  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 13[73]
Kurt Schoenfelder  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 13[74]
Frederick Sowrey  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 13[75] Distinguished Service Order, Military Cross, Air Force Cross
Stanley Stanger  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 13[76] Military Cross, Distinguished Flying Cross
Eric John Stephens  Australia Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 13[77] Distinguished Flying Cross
Francis S. Symondson  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 13[78] Military Cross, Italian Medal for Military Valor
John Howard Umney  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 13 Military Cross
Desmond Uniacke  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 13
George Augustus Vaughn, Jr.  United States Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force, US Army Air Service 13[79] British Distinguished Flying Cross, U. S. Distinguished Service Cross[80]
Oliver H. D. Vickers  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 13[79]
Erich Rüdiger von Wedel  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 13 Royal House Order of Hohenzollern, Iron Cross[81]
David John Weston  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 13[82] Distinguished Flying Cross
Walter Bertram Wood  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 13[83] Military Cross with Bar
John Oliver Andrews  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 12[84] Distinguished Service Order, Military Cross with Bar
Bernard Artigau  France Aéronautique Militaire 12 Legion d'Honneur, Médaille militaire, Croix de Guerre with nine Palmes, Belgian Croix de Guerre
Brian Edmund Baker  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 12[85] Distinguished Service Order, Military Cross, Air Force Cross, French Croix de Guerre
Thomas Baker  Australia Australian Flying Corps 12[86] Distinguished Flying Cross, Military Medal
Frank Baylies  United States Aéronautique Militaire 12 French Médaille militaire, Croix de Guerre[87]
Louis Bennett Jr.  United States Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 12[88]
Gerald A. Birks  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 12[89] Military Cross with Bar
Clement G. Boothroyd  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 12 Distinguished Flying Cross
Christopher J. Q. Brand alias Quintin Brand  South Africa Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 12 Distinguished Service Order, Military Cross, Distinguished Flying Cross
Edwin C. Bromley  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 12[90] Military Cross
Raymond Brownell  Australia Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force, Royal Australian Air Force 12[91] Military Cross, Military Medal. Rose to Air Commodore in RAAF.
Oliver Bryson  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 12[91] Military Cross, Distinguished Flying Cross
Erich Buder  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 12 Military Merit Cross, Iron Cross[92]
Theodor Cammann  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 12[93]
Walter M. Carlaw  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 12[91] Distinguished Flying Cross
Percival V. G. Chambers  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 12
Edwin A. Clear  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 12[94] Military Cross
Gustave Daladier  France Aéronautique Militaire 12 Legion d'Honneur, Médaille militaire, Croix de Guerre with nine Palmes. Also Chevalier du Ouissam Alaouite, Officier du Nichan Iftikar[95]
Francis James Davies  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 12[96] Distinguished Flying Cross
Joseph M. X. de Sévin  France Aéronautique Militaire 12 Legion d'Honneur, Croix de Guerre with nine Palmes, British Order of the British Empire[97]
Gottfried Ehmann  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 12 Military Merit Cross, Iron Cross[98]
Otto Esswein  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 12 Military Merit Cross, Iron Cross[99]
Sebastian Festner  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 12 Military Merit Cross, Iron Cross[100]
Wilhelm Frickart  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 12 Royal House Order of Hohenzollern, Iron Cross, Austro-Hungarian Medal for Bravery[101]
Frank Godfrey  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 12 Distinguished Flying Cross
Fernand Guyou  France Aéronautique Militaire 12 Legion d'Honneur, Médaille militaire, Croix de Guerre[102]
Ernest Hardcastle  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 12 Distinguished Flying Cross
William Leeming Harrison  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 12[103] Military Cross
Bertram Heinrich  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 12[104]
Adolf Heyrowsky  Austria-Hungary Luftfahrtruppen 12 Order of the Iron Crown
Walter Höhndorf  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 12 Pour le Merite, Royal House Order of Hohenzollern, Iron Cross[105]
William Henry Hubbard  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 12[106] Distinguished Flying Cross
Gerhard Hubrich  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 12 Scored 2 more victories in World War II.[107]
Marcel A. Hugues  France Aéronautique Militaire 12 Legion d'Honneur, Croix de Guerre with eight Palmes, British Military Cross. Lieutenant Colonel in World War II.[108]
John E. L. Hunter  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 12 Distinguished Service Cross, Distinguished Flying Cross[109]
Gordon Budd Irving  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 12[110] Distinguished Flying Cross
Lucien J. Jailler  France Aéronautique Militaire 12 Legion d'Honneur, Médaille militaire[111]
William Stanley Jenkins  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 12[112] Distinguished Flying Cross with Bar
George Hubert Kemp  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 12
Hans von Keudell  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 12 Royal House Order of Hohenzollern[113]
Field E. Kindley  United States Royal Air Force, US Army Air Service 12[114] Distinguished Service Cross, British Distinguished Flying Cross
Max Kuhn  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 12[115]
Reed G. Landis  United States Royal Air Force, US Army Air Service, United States Army Air Corps 12[116] Distinguished Service Cross, British Distinguished Flying Cross. Colonel during World War II.
Adrien L. J. Leps  France Aéronautique Militaire 12 Legion d'Honneur, Croix de Guerre with nine Palmes, 1939-45 Croix de guerre, British Military Cross. Lieutenant colonel in World War II[117]
Gwilym Hugh Lewis  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 12[118] Distinguished Flying Cross
Alfred Lindenberger  Germany Luftstreitkräfte, Luftwaffe 12 Scored 4 victories in World War II.[119]
Frederic Ives Lord  United States Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 12[120] British Distinguished Flying Cross with Bar,[121] Russian Order of Saint Stanilas[citation needed]
Charles J. V. Macé  France Aéronautique Militaire 12 Médaille militaire, Croix de Guerre with seven Palmes[122]
Friedrich Manschott  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 12 Iron Cross[123]
Roby Lewis Manuel  Australia Australian Flying Corps, Royal Australian Air Force 12[65] Distinguished Flying Cross with Bar. Served in RAAF in World War II.
Roy Manzer  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 12[124] Distinguished Flying Cross
Norman Mawle  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 12[125] Distinguished Flying Cross
Douglas McGregor  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 12[126] Military Cross
Kenneth Barbour Montgomery  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 12[127] Military Cross, Italian War Cross
Josiah Lewis Morgan  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 12 Military Cross
Hans Müller alias Hans Garrelt.  Germany Luftstreitkräfte, Luftwaffe 12[128] Iron Cross.
Ian Napier  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 12[129] Military Cross, French Legion d'Honneur, French Croix de Guerre
Jean Navarre  France Aéronautique Militaire 12 Legion d'Honneur, Médaille militaire, Croix de Guerre with 12 Palmes[130]
Walter Noble  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 12 Distinguished Flying Cross
Charles Nuville  France Aéronautique Militaire 12 Legion d'Honneur, Croix de Guerre with five Palmes and five Etoiles de vermeil, Belgian Croix de Guerre, Italian Medal of Valor. Lieutenant colonel in World War II[131]
James William Pearson  United States Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 12[132] Distinguished Flying Cross. Claimed 33 victories.
Guy William Price  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 12[133] Distinguished Service Cross with Bar
John Steele Ralston  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 12[134] Military Cross, Distinguished Flying Cross
Henry Coyle Rath  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 12[135] Distinguished Flying Cross
Cecil Roy Richards  Australia Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 12[136] Military Cross
Alfred William Saunders  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 12[137] Distinguished Flying Cross
James Scaramanga  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 12
Franz Schleiff  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 12 Royal House Order of Hohenzollern, Iron Cross[138]
Maurice D. G. Scott  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 12[139] Military Cross
Alexander MacDonald Shook  Canada Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 12[140] Distinguished Service Order, Distinguished Service Cross, Air Force Cross, French Croix de Guerre
Ross MacPherson Smith  Australia Australian Flying Corps 12[141] Military Cross with Bar, Distinguished Flying Cross with two Bars, Air Force Cross
Reginald Soar  United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service 12[142] Distinguished Service Cross
William Samuel Stephenson  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 12[143] Military Cross, Distinguished Flying Cross. Later headed BSC during World War II.
Leonard Taplin  Australia Australian Flying Corps 12[144] Distinguished Flying Cross
Paul Tarascon  France Aéronautique Militaire 12 Legion d'Honneur, Médaille militaire, Croix de Guerre with 12 Palmes. Colonel during World War II[145]
Renatus Theiller  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 12[146]
Chester Thompson  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 12[147]
Adrian Tonks  United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 12[148] Distinguished Flying Cross with Bar
Richard M. Trevethan  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 12[149] Military Cross
Bernhard Ultsch  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 12 Iron Cross, Military Merit Cross[150]
Melville Wells Waddington  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 12
Paul Y. R. Waddington  France Aéronautique Militaire 12 Legion d'Honneur, Croix de Guerre with five Palmes plus an Etoile de vermeil, an Etoile d'argente, and an Etoile de bronze[151]
Dennis Waight  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 12 Military Cross
Clive W. Warman  United States Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 12[152] British Distinguished Service Order, Military Cross[153]
Richard Wenzl  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 12 Royal House Order of Hohenzollern, Iron Cross First Class[154]
James White  Canada Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 12[155] Distinguished Flying Cross
Giovanni Ancillotto  Italy Corpo Aeronautico Militare 11 1 Gold and 3 Silver Medal for Military Valor,
Heinrich Arntzen  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 11[156] Royal House Order of Hohenzollern, Iron Cross[157]
Fred Everest Banbury  Canada Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 11[158] Distinguished Service Cross
Raven Freiherr von Barnekow  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 11[159] Served as staff officer in World War II.
Harold F. Beamish  New Zealand Royal Naval Air Service Royal Air Force 11[158] Distinguished Service Cross
Alexander Beck  Argentina Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 11[160] Distinguished Flying Cross
Armond J. Berthelot  France Aéronautique Militaire 11 Legion d'Honneur, Médaille militaire, Croix de Guerre with ten Palmes and an Etoile de bronze[161]
Jean G. Bouyer  France Aéronautique Militaire 11 Legion d'Honneur, Médaille militaire, Croix de Guerre with eight Palmes and an Etoile d'argent, British Distinguished Conduct Medal[162]
Jean Bozon-Verduraz  France Aéronautique Militaire 11 Legion d'Honneur, Médaille militaire, Croix de Guerre with eight Palmes plus and two Etoiles de vermeil and an Etoile de bronze, Russian Cross of Saint George fourth class[163]
Philip Scott Burge  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 11[164] Military Cross, Military Medal
Joachim von Busse  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 11 Royal House Order of Hohenzollern, Iron Cross[40]
Arnold Jacques Chadwick  Canada Royal Naval Air Service 11[165] Distinguished Service Cross
Andre J. Chainat  France Aéronautique Militaire 11 Legion d'Honneur, Médaille militaire, Croix de Guerre with nine Palmes and an Etoile de bronze[166]
Roy W. Chappell  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 11[167] Military Cross
Friedrich Classen  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 11
Hugh Claye  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 11 Military Cross
Clive Franklyn Collett  New Zealand Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 11[168] Military Cross with Bar
Thomas Colvill-Jones  Argentina Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 11
Xavier Dannhuber  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 11 Royal House Order of Hohenzollern[169]
Hiram Frank Davison  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 11[170] Military Cross
Harold Day  United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service 11[171] Distinguished Service Cross
Andre de Meulemeester  Belgium Belgian Military Aviation 11 Order of Leopold II, Croix de Guerre, French Croix de Guerre, Italian Medal for Military Valor
Kurt-Bertram von Döring  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 11 Royal House Order of Hohenzollern, Iron Cross[172]
Heinrich Drekman  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 11[173]
William Duncan  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 11[174] Military Cross with Bar.
Trevor Durrant  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 11[175]
Thomas Elliott  United Kingdom Royal Air Force 11
John C. B. Firth  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 11[176] Military Cross, Italian Medal for Military Valor
Henry Garnet Forrest  Australia Royal Flying Corps, Australian Flying Corps 11[177] Distinguished Flying Cross
William M. Fry  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 11[178] Military Cross
Willi Gabriel  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 11 Iron Cross[179]
Frederick J. Gibbs  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 11[180] Military Cross
Charles D. B. Green  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 11 Distinguished Flying Cross, French Croix de Guerre
Kurt Gruber  Austria-Hungary Luftfahrtruppen 11 Two awards of the Silver Bravery Medal First Class, four Gold Bravery Medals[181]
Thomas M. Harries  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 11[182] Distinguished Flying Cross
John Herbert Hedley  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 11
André Herbelin  France Aéronautique Militaire 11 Legion d'Honneur, Médaille militaire, Croix de Guerre with seven Palmes[183]
William Herisson  France Aéronautique Militaire 11 Legion d'Honneur, Médaille militaire, Croix de Guerre[184]
Leslie Norman Hollinghurst  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 11[185] Distinguished Flying Cross
Geoffrey H. Hooper  Australia Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force, Royal Australian Air Force 11[185] Military Cross, Distinguished Flying Cross
Campbell Hoy  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 11[57] Military Cross
Geoffrey Forrest Hughes  Australia Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 11[186] Military Cross, Air Force Cross
Patrick Huskinson  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 11[187] Military Cross with Bar. Rose to Air Commodore.
William Roy Irwin  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force, Royal Canadian Air Force 11[188] Order of the British Empire, Distinguished Flying Cross with Bar.
Mansell Richard James  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 11[189] Distinguished Flying Cross
George Owen Johnson  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force, Royal Canadian Air Force 11[190] Military Cross, French Croix de Guerre. Rose to Air Marshal.
Arthur G. Jones-Williams  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 11[191] Military Cross with Bar, French Croix de Guerre
Stefan Kirmaier  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 11 Royal House Order of Hohenzollern, Iron Cross[192]
Herbert Joseph Larkin  Australia Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 11[193] Distinguished Flying Cross, French Croix de Guerre
Maxime Lenoir  France Aéronautique Militaire 11 Legion d'Honneur, Médaille militaire, Croix de Guerre with eight Palmes[194]
Fritz Loerzer  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 11
Walter H. Longton  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 11[195] Distinguished Flying Cross with Bar, Air Force Cross
Emile John Lussier  United States Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force, Royal Canadian Air Force 11[196] British Distinguished Flying Cross. Served in RCAF during World War II[197]
Charles M. Maude  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 11[198] Distinguished Flying Cross, French Croix de Guerre, Italian War Cross
Ernest Maunoury  France Aéronautique Militaire 11 Legion d'Honneur, Croix de Guerre with seven Palmes and an Etoile de vermeil[199]
Malcolm C. McGregor  New Zealand Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 11[200] Distinguished Flying Cross with Bar
Finlay McQuistan  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 11 Distinguished Flying Cross
James Hart Mitchell  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 11[201] Military Cross, Distinguished Flying Cross, Italian Medal for Military Valor
René Montrion  France Aéronautique Militaire 11 Médaille militaire, Croix de Guerre with seven Palmes and an Etoile de vermeil[202]
Hans Nülle  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 11[203]
Sydney A. Oades  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 11[204] Military Cross
Harold Anthony Oaks  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 11[204] Distinguished Flying Cross. Member of Canadian Aviation Hall of Fame.
Jacques Ortoli  France Aéronautique Militaire 11 Legion d'Honneur, Médaille militaire, Croix de Guerre with seven Palmes and two Etoiles de bronze, British Military Cross, Belgian Croix de Guerre[205]
Herbert A. Patey  United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 11[206] Distinguished Flying Cross
Leonard A. Payne  South Africa Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 11[207] Military Cross
Clement W. Payton  United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 11[204] Distinguished Flying Cross, French Croix de Guerre, Belgian Croix de Guerre
Hermann Pfeiffer  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 11 Iron Cross[208]
Reinhold Poss  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 11[209]
George E. Randall  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 11[210] Distinguished Flying Cross
Antonio Reali  Italy Corpo Aeronautico Militare 11 Silver award of Medal for Military Valor
Hervey Rhodes  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 11[211] Distinguished Flying Cross with Bar
Cyril Ridley  United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 11[212] Distinguished Service Cross
Thomas Rose  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 11[213] Distinguished Flying Cross
Franz Rudorfer  Austria-Hungary Luftfahrtruppen 11 Order of the Iron Crown, Military Merit Cross. Self-taught pilot.
Ivan C. Sanderson  United Kingdom Royal Air Force 11[214]
Hugo Schäfer  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 11[215]
Ivan Smirnov  Russia Imperial Army Air Service 11 Order of Saint George, Cross of Saint George, Order of Saint Stanilas, Order of Saint Anne, Order of Saint Vladimir, French Croix de Guerre, Serbian Order of the White Eagle.
Rudolf Stark  Germany Luftstreitkräfte 11 Iron Cross First and Second Class, Military Merit Order[216]
John Stevenson Stubbs  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 11 Distinguished Flying Cross, Air Force Cross
Albert Gregory Waller  United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 11 Military Cross
Arthur W. Wood  United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 11[217]
Wilfred Ernest Young  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 11[218] Distinguished Flying Cross

[219]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Maksel, Rebecca (7 April 2008). "What does it take to become an "ace"?". Need to Know. Air & Space Magazine. Retrieved 20 October 2009. 
  2. ^ Above the Lines: The Aces and Fighter Units of the German Air Service, Naval Air Service and Flanders Marine Corps, 1914–1918.  p. 10.
  3. ^ How to Make War, p. 149.
  4. ^ Above the Trenches: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the British Empire Air Forces 1915–1920.  p. 7
  5. ^ Over the Front, pp. 112-113.
  6. ^ Above the Trenches: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the British Empire Air Forces 1915-1920, p. 89
  7. ^ Above the Trenches: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the British Empire Air Forces 1915-1920, p. 108–109
  8. ^ Above the Trenches: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the British Empire Air Forces 1915-1920, p. 118
  9. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 33119. p. 10. 29 December 1925.
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  11. ^ Above the Trenches: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the British Empire Air Forces 1915-1920, p. 154
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  181. ^ Austro-Hungarian Aces of World War 1. pp. 76–78. 
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  183. ^ Over the Front, p. 176.
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  188. ^ Above the Trenches: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the British Empire Air Forces 1915-1920. pp. 208–209. 
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  • Shores, Christopher; Franks, Norman; Guest, Russell (1990). Above the Trenches: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the British Empire Air Forces 1915–1920. Oxford: Grub Street. ISBN 978-0-948817-19-9. 
  • Shores, Christopher; Franks, Norman; Guest, Russell (1996). Above the Trenches Supplement: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the British Empire Air Forces. Oxford: Grub Street. ISBN 978-1-898697-39-8.