List of World War I aces credited with 9 victories

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An imperious young man in Greek naval uniform
Aristeidis Moraitinis carried out the first naval-air operation in history.

The term "ace" (now commonly flying ace) was first used by French newspapers during World War I, describing Adolphe Pégoud as l'as (the ace), after he downed five German aircraft. When aircraft began to shoot or force down other aircraft, systems to count "air victories" were subsequently developed. The American qualification of five victories eventually became the standard, even though other air services had previously used differing figures.[1]

While "ace" status was most often won by fighter pilots, bomber and reconnaissance crews, and observers in two-seater aircraft such as the Bristol F.2b (Bristol Fighter), also destroyed enemy aircraft. If a two-seater aircraft destroyed an aircraft, both crew members were credited with a victory. Because pilots usually teamed with differing observer/gunners in two-seater aircraft, an observer might be an ace when his pilot was not, and vice versa.[2] The few aces among combat aviators have historically accounted for the majority of air-to-air victories in military history.[3]

Loss of records by mischance and the passage of time complicates reconstructing the actual count for given aces. The scores presented in the list cannot be definitive, but are based on itemized lists that are the best available sources of information.[4] Aces are listed after verifying the date and location of combat, and the foe vanquished, for every victory accredited by an aviator's home air service using their own aerial victory standards. Those victories for which the evidence is unavailable or fragmentary have been excluded from the victory count.

Aces[edit]

This list is complete. Notable aces are linked to their biographies.

      This along with the symbolic sword †, indicates that the pilot was known to be either killed in action, missing in action, died of wounds, or killed in a flying accident during World War I.

Name Country Air service(s) Victories
Cyril John Agelasto  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[5]
Ernst Freiherr von Althaus  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 9[6]
Charles Arnison United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Paul Frank Baer  United States Aéronautique Militaire, US Army Air Service 9[8]
Harold H. Balfour United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Gottfried Freiherr von Banfield  Austria-Hungary Luftfahrtruppen 9[9]
William Thomas Barnes United Kingdom Royal Air Force 9[5]
Walter Beales United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[5]
Rex George Bennett† United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Arno Benzler German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 9[6]
James Binnie United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Fernand Bonneton  France Aéronautique Militaire 9[10]
John Denis Breakey United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Konrad Brendle German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 9[6]
Alexandre Bretillon France Aéronautique Militaire 9[10]
Frederick Britnell United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 9[7]
William Henry Brown  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[7]
George William Bulmer Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Francis Dominic Casey United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service 9[7]
Thomas Cassady United States Aéronautique Militaire, United States Army Air Service 9[8]
Leonard Arthur Christian Canada Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 9[11]
Arthur Coadou France Aéronautique Militaire 9[10]
Théophile Henri Condemine France Aéronautique Militaire 9[10]
Eric Douglas Cummings  Australia Australian Flying Corps 9[7]
Donald Cunnell United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 9[7]
Hector Daniel  Union of South Africa Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force, South African Air Force 9[7]
George Darvill United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[12]
Richard Dawes Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Roger Del'Haye Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force, Royal Canadian Air Force 9[7]
Marcel Marc Dhome France Aéronautique Militaire 9[10]
Albert Dietlen German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 9[6]
George Dixon Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Gustave Douchy France Aéronautique Militaire 9[10]
René Dousinelle France Aéronautique Militaire 9[10]
John Doyle United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Christopher Draper United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Arthur Thomas Drinkwater Australia Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Otto Fitzner German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 9[6]
James Henry Forman Canada Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Frederick Gordon  New Zealand Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Robert MacIntyre Gordon United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Acheson Goulding Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force, Royal Canadian Air Force 9[7]
William Edward Green United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[12]
George Hackwill United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[7]
James Hardman United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Friedrich Huffzky German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 9[6]
Frederick Hunt United Kingdom Royal Air Force 9[7]
Otto Jindra Austria-Hungarian Empire Luftfahrtruppen, Czech Air Force 9[9]
Reginald Johns United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Norman Cyril Jones United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Georg Kenzian Austro-Hungarian Empire Luftfahrtruppen 9[9]
Harold Spencer Kerby Canada Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Leslie Walter King United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Francis Kitto United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Herbert Knappe German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 9[6]
Egon Koepsch German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 9[6]
Fritz Kosmahl German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 9[6]
Walter Kypke German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 9[6]
Georges Lachmann France Aéronautique Militaire 9[10]
Helmut Lange German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 9[6]
Jens Frederick Larsen United States Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[8]
Charles Lavers United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[7]
George V. Learmond United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[5]
Gustav Leffers German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 9[6]
James Leith Leith United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Selden Long United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Cyril Lowe United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Norman Macmillan United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Herbert Mahn German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 9[6]
Cecil Marchant United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Jean Matton France Aéronautique Militaire 9[10]
Ronald Mauduit United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Reginald Maxwell United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[7]
John Sutholand McDonald United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Christopher McEvoy United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[7]
David MacKay McGoun Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Horace Merritt United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[5]
John Theobald Milne United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 9[7]
Eberhard Mohnicke German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 9[6]
Basil Moody Union of South Africa Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Aristeidis Moraitinis  Greece Hellenic Naval Air Service, Royal Naval Air Service 9[13]
Hans Karl Müller German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 9[6]
Richard Burnard Munday United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Charles Napier United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Giovanni Nicelli  Italy Corpo Aeronautico Militare 9[14]
Ernest Norton United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Arthur Noss United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 9[5]
Conn Standish O'Grady United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 9[7]
Samuel Parry United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[5]
Karl Pech German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 9[6]
Henri Albert Péronneau France Aéronautique Militaire 9[10]
Edmond Pierce United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Frank Ransley United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Valentine Reed United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 9[5]
William Reed United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[7]
George Reid United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[7]
William Wendell Rogers Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Willi Rosenstein German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 9[6]
Herbert Rowley United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Ernest James Salter Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Karl Schattauer German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 9[6]
Adolf Schulte German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 9[6]
Joseph Siddall United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Charles Sims United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Arthur Solly United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 9[7]
Anthony Spence Canada Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Grigoriy Suk  Russia Imperial Army Air Service 9[15]
Mathieu Tenant de la Tour France Aéronautique Militaire 9[10]
Louis Mark Thompson Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[5]
Ronald Thornely United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Frederick Dudley Travers United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Ronald William Turner United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[5]
Ferdinand Udvardy Austro-Hungarian Luftfahrtruppen 9[9]
Marcel Viallet France Aéronautique Militaire 9[10]
Guy Wareing United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Kenneth Bowman Watson Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Albert Edward Wear United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 9[5]
Georg Weiner German Empire Luftstreitkräfte, Luftwaffe 9[6]
Thomas Williams Union of South Africa Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Alec Williamson United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 9[7]
Chester Wright United States United States Army Air Service 9[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Maksel, Rebecca (7 April 2008). "What does it take to become an "ace"?". Need to Know. Air & Space Magazine. Retrieved 20 October 2009. 
  2. ^ Above the Lines: The Aces and Fighter Units of the German Air Service, Naval Air Service and Flanders Marine Corps, 1914–1918.  p. 10.
  3. ^ How to Make War, p. 149.
  4. ^ Above the Trenches: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the British Empire Air Forces 1915–1920.  p. 7
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Above the War Fronts: The British Two-seater Bomber Pilot and Observer Aces, the British Two-seater Fighter Observer Aces, and the Belgian, Italian, Austro-Hungarian and Russian Fighter Aces, 1914–1918.  Ace listed alphabetically by last name in section of text on British two-seater observer aces.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Above the Lines: The Aces and Fighter Units of the German Air Service, Naval Air Service and Flanders Marine Corps, 1914–1918.  Ace listed alphabetically by last name in text.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl Above the Trenches: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the British Empire Air Forces 1915–1920.  Ace listed alphabetically by last name in text.
  8. ^ a b c d Over the Front: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the United States and French Air Services, 1914–1918.  Ace listed alphabetically by last name in section of text on American aces.
  9. ^ a b c d Above the War Fronts: The British Two-seater Bomber Pilot and Observer Aces, the British Two-seater Fighter Observer Aces, and the Belgian, Italian, Austro-Hungarian and Russian Fighter Aces, 1914–1918.  Ace listed alphabetically by last name in section of text on Austro-Hungarian aces.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Over the Front: A Complete Record of the Fighter Aces and Units of the United States and French Air Services, 1914–1918.  Ace listed alphabetically by last name in section of text on French aces.
  11. ^ Above the War Fronts: The British Two-seater Bomber Pilot and Observer Aces, the British Two-seater Fighter Observer Aces, and the Belgian, Italian, Austro-Hungarian and Russian Fighter Aces, 1914–1918.  Ace listed alphabetically by last name in section of text on British bomber observer aces.
  12. ^ a b Above the War Fronts: The British Two-seater Bomber Pilot and Observer Aces, the British Two-seater Fighter Observer Aces, and the Belgian, Italian, Austro-Hungarian and Russian Fighter Aces, 1914–1918.  Ace listed alphabetically by last name in section of text on British bomber pilot aces.
  13. ^ Flight International 9 (2). 1917. p. 1220. 
  14. ^ Above the War Fronts: The British Two-seater Bomber Pilot and Observer Aces, the British Two-seater Fighter Observer Aces, and the Belgian, Italian, Austro-Hungarian and Russian Fighter Aces, 1914–1918.  Ace listed alphabetically by last name in section of text on Italian aces.
  15. ^ Above the War Fronts: The British Two-seater Bomber Pilot and Observer Aces, the British Two-seater Fighter Observer Aces, and the Belgian, Italian, Austro-Hungarian and Russian Fighter Aces, 1914–1918.  Ace listed alphabetically by last name in section of text on Russian aces.

Bibliography[edit]

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