List of World War I military personnel educated at the United States Military Academy

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Emory Pike, class of 1901, Medal of Honor recipient, mortally wounded in World War I

The United States Military Academy (USMA) is an undergraduate college in West Point, New York that educates and commissions officers for the United States Army. This list is drawn from alumni of the Military Academy who are veterans of World War I. This includes Tasker H. Bliss (class of 1875), Hunter Liggett (class of 1879), John J. Pershing (class of 1886), Douglas MacArthur (class of 1903), "Hap" Arnold (class of 1907), George S. Patton (class of 1909), and Thomas B. Larkin (class of 1915).a[›]

World War I veterans[edit]

Note: "Class year" refers to the alumni's class year, which usually is the same year they graduated. However, in times of war, classes often graduate early.
Name Class year Notability References
Bliss, Tasker H.Tasker H. Bliss 1875 General; Spanish-American War; division commander in Philippine–American War; Chief of Staff of the United States Army (1917-1918); American representative Supreme War Council [1]
Hoyle, Eli D.Eli D. Hoyle 1875 Brigadier General; father of Major General Rene Edward De Russy Hoyle; grandfather-in-law of Brigadier General Willard Ames Holbrook, Jr.; son-in-law of Brigadier General René Edward De Russy [2]
Scott, Hugh L.Hugh L. Scott 1876 Major General; Indian Wars; Superintendent of the United States Military Academy; Chief of Staff; U.S. Secretary of War; the Navy vessel USS Hugh L. Scott (AP-43) was named for him [3]
Swift, EbenEben Swift 1876 Major General; Spanish-American War, Pancho Villa Expedition; commander of the 82nd Division; Director of the United States Army War College; commander of Camp Gordon; commander of U.S. Forces in Italy; father of Major General Innis P. Swift; father-in-law of Brigadier General Evan Harris Humphrey; son-in-law of Brigadier General Innis N. Palmer; Camp Swift, Texas is named for him [4]
Liggett, HunterHunter Liggett 1879 Lieutenant General; Indian Wars; Spanish-American War; Philippine–American War; in 1914 predicted that an invasion of the Philippines would occur through the Lingayen Gulf, which occurred twice in World War II; division and corps commander in World War I [5]
Alvord, Jr., BenjaminBenjamin Alvord, Jr. 1880 Brigadier General; Adjutant General of the American Expeditionary Force; son of Brigadier General Benjamin Alvord [6]
Young, Richard WhiteheadRichard Whitehead Young 1882 Brigadier General; Philippine-American War; brigade commander; Justice of the Philippines Supreme Court; grandson of Utah Territory Governor Brigham Young [7]
Ruckman, John WilsonJohn Wilson Ruckman 1883 Major General; inventor of artillery devices; commander of Fort Baker and Fort Mills; commander of the Southeastern Department (Aug 1917) Southern Department (Sept 1917) and the Northeastern Department (May 1918) [8]
Babbitt, Edwin BurrEdwin Burr Babbitt 1884 Major General; Meuse-Argonne Offensive, Battle of Saint-Mihiel; recipient of the Army Distinguished Service Medal [9]
Bullard, Robert LeeRobert Lee Bullard 1885 Lieutenant General; Spanish-American War; Philippine-American War; Battle of Cantigny; commander of the 1st Infantry Division; commander of the First United States Army and Second United States Army; President of the National Security League [10]
Holbrook, Willard AmesWillard Ames Holbrook 1885 Major General; Spanish-American War; commander of the 165th Infantry Brigade; commander of the 9th Infantry Division; Chief of the U.S. Cavalry; recipient of the Army Distinguished Service Medal; father of Brigadier General Willard Ames Holbrook, Jr.; brother of Major General Lucius Roy Holbrook; son-in-law of Major General David S. Stanley [11]
Patrick, MasonMason Patrick 1886 Major General; Chief Engineer of Lines of Communication, Director of Construction and Forestry, and Chief of the Air Service of the American Expeditionary Forces; Patrick Air Force Base is named for him; the Navy vessel USS General M. M. Patrick (AP-150) was named for him [12]
Pershing, John J.John J. Pershing 1886 General of the Armies; Spanish-American War; Philippine–American War; Moro Rebellion; commander of 8th Regiment in the Pancho Villa Expedition; led the American Expeditionary Force in World War I [13]
Farnsworth, Charles S.Charles S. Farnsworth 1887 Major General; Spanish-American War, Philippine-American War; Battle of Saint-Mihiel; commander of the 37th Infantry Division; founder of Fort William McKinley; founder and commandant of the United States Army Infantry School; the Gen. Charles S. Farnsworth County Park in Altadena, California is named for him [14]
Howze, Robert LeeRobert Lee Howze 1888 Major General; American Indian Wars, Spanish-American War, Philippine-American War; Meuse-Argonne Offensive; commander of the 1st Cavalry Division; commander of the Third United States Army; commander of the 3rd Infantry Division and 38th Infantry Division; recipient of the Medal of Honor and the Army Distinguished Service Medal; father of General Hamilton H. Howze; Camp Howze and the USS General R. L. Howze (AP-134) were named for him [15]
March, Peyton C.Peyton C. March 1888 General; Spanish-American War, Philippine-American War, Russian Civil War; commander of 1st Artillery Brigade; Chief of Staff of the United States Army (1918-1921); father of Second Lieutenant Peyton C. March, Jr. [16]
Symmonds, CharlesCharles Symmonds 1888 Brigadier General; Spanish-American War; brigade commander; commander of Fort Bliss; recipient of the Army Distinguished Service Medal [17]
Haan, William G.William G. Haan 1889 Major General; Spanish-American War, Philippine-American War; Third Battle of the Aisne, Second Battle of the Marne, Meuse-Argonne Offensive; commander of the 57th Field Artillery Brigade; the Navy vessel USS General W. G. Haan (AP-158) was named for him [18]
Hines, John L.John L. Hines 1891 Major General; Spanish-American War; Philippine–American War; Pancho Villa Expedition; brigade and division commander in World War I; Chief of Staff of the United States Army (1924-1926) [19]
Wahl, LutzLutz Wahl 1891 Major General; brigade commander; Adjutant General of the U.S. Army (1927-1928) [20]
Holbrook, Lucius RoyLucius Roy Holbrook 1896 Major General; Philippine-American War; Meuse-Argonne Offensive; commandant of the Command and General Staff College; brigade commander in the 1st Infantry Division; commander of Camp/Fort Bragg; commander of Fort Douglas and Fort Hamilton; commander of Camp Stotsenburg; commander of the 1st Infantry Division; commander of the Philippine Department [21]
Conner, FoxFox Conner 1898 Major General; Chief of Operations of the American Expeditionary Force; commander of the First United States Army [22]
Fries, AmosAmos Fries 1898 Major General; Philippine-American War; commander of the 1st Gas Regiment; Chief of the Chemical Warfare Service [23]
Henry, GuyGuy Henry 1898 Major General; Spanish-American War, Philippine-American War, World War II; commander of the 3rd Cavalry Regiment; recipient of two Army Distinguished Service Medals and the Silver Star; son of Brigadier General, Medal of Honor recipient, and Puerto Rico Governor Guy Vernor Henry [24]
MacCloskey, ManusManus MacCloskey 1898 Brigadier General; Spanish-American War; Battle of Verdun, Battle of Château-Thierry (1918), Battle of Belleau Wood, Battle of Soissons (1918); commander of the 12th Field Artillery Regiment; recipient of the Distinguished Service Medal and the Silver Star; father of Brigadier General Monro MacCloskey [25]
Embick, Stanley DunbarStanley Dunbar Embick 1899 Lieutenant General; Spanish-American War, World War II; recipient of two Army Distinguished Service Medals; father-in-law of General Albert Coady Wedemeyer [26]
Trott, Clement A.Clement A. Trott 1899 Major General; Chief of Staff of the 5th Infantry Division; commander of the 6th Infantry Division; recipient of the Army Distinguished Service Medal [27]
Peek, Ernest DichmannErnest Dichmann Peek 1901 Major General; Supervisor of the building of Lock and Dam No. 1, Mississippi River; brigade commander; recipient of the Silver Star and the Army Distinguished Service Medal [28]
Pike, Emory JenisonEmory Jenison Pike 1901 Lieutenant Colonel; recipient of the Medal of Honor (MOH) for actions in combat organizing and leading units during heavy shelling despite being mortally wounded; only Academy alumnus to receive the MOH during World War I [29][30]
Johnson, Hugh S.Hugh S. Johnson 1903 Brigadier General; lawyer in Judge Advocate General's Corps; instrumental in implementing the Selective Service Act of 1917; Deputy Provost Marshal General (1971-1918); Director of the Purchase and Supply Branch of the General Staff (1918); commander of 15th Infantry Brigade; Director of the National Recovery Administration; named Time Person of the Year in 1933 [31]
MacArthur, DouglasDouglas MacArthur 1903 General of the Army, Field Marshal in the Philippine Army; United States occupation of Veracruz; Second Battle of the Marne, Battle of Saint-Mihiel, Meuse-Argonne Offensive during World War I; commander of the 42nd Infantry Division; Superintendent of the United States Military Academy (1919-1922); brigade commander in the Philippine Division; commander of the Philippine Department; Chief of Staff of the United States Army (1930-1935); recipient of the Medal of Honor for actions during the Battle of Bataan, commander of the South West Pacific Area during World War II; Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers during the Occupation of Japan; Korean War; grandson of Wisconsin Governor Arthur MacArthur, Sr.; son of Lieutenant General and Medal of Honor recipient Arthur MacArthur, Jr. [32]
Schley, Julian LarcombeJulian Larcombe Schley 1903 Major General; Battle of Saint-Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne Offensive; Governor of the Panama Canal Zone; Chief of Engineers; recipient of the Army Distinguished Service Medal [33]
Pratt, Henry CongerHenry Conger Pratt 1904 Major General; World War II; aide to William Howard Taft; commander of Brooks Field, Kelly Field, and Mitchel Field; Commandant of the Air Corps Tactical School; commander of the Philippine Division; commander of Fort William McKinley; commander of the Southern Defense Command and Western Defense Command; recipient of the Army Distinguished Service Medal [34]
Stilwell, JosephJoseph Stilwell 1904 General; described Academy hazing as "hell"; U.S. Fourth Corps intelligence officer and helped plan the St. Mihiel offensive during World War I; commander of American forces in the China Burma India Theater in World War II [35]
Andrews, Frank MaxwellFrank Maxwell Andrews 1906 Lieutenant General; commanded airfields in America during World War I, staff of Army of Occupation in Germany after the war; commander of the 1st Pursuit Group; commander of the General Headquarters Air Force and Panama Canal Air Force; commander of the Caribbean Defense Command; commander of the U.S. Army Forces in the Middle East; commander of U.S. forces of the European Theater of Operations; Joint Base Andrews Naval Air Facility, Andrews Air Force Base, and RAF Andrews Field are named for him [36]
Wainwright IV, Jonathan MayhewJonathan Mayhew Wainwright IV 1906 General; World War II; Battle of Saint-Mihiel, Meuse-Argonne Offensive; commander of the 3rd Cavalry Regiment and 1st Cavalry Regiment; commander of the Philippine Department; commander of the Fifth United States Army; recipient of the Medal of Honor, the Distinguished Service Cross, and the Army Distinguished Service Medal; Fort Wainwright is named for him [37]
Arnold, Henry H. "Hap"Henry H. "Hap" Arnold 1907 General of the Army, General of the Air Force; second rated pilot in the United States Army Air Corps; executive officer of the aviation section at Army headquarters in Washington D.C. during World War I; World War II; commander of the United States Army Command and General Staff College; commander of March Field; commander of the United States Army Air Forces; founder of the RAND Corporation; Arnold Air Force Base, Arnold Engineering Development Center, and Arnold Air Society are named for him [38]
Eichelberger, Robert L.Robert L. Eichelberger 1909 General; Siberian Intervention; World War II; Superintendent of the United States Military Academy; commander of the I Corps; commander of the Eighth United States Army; recipient of two Distinguished Service Crosses, four Army Distinguished Service Medals, and the Navy Distinguished Service Medal [39]
Patton, George S.George S. Patton 1909 General; 1912 Summer Olympics, modern pentathlon, 5th place; Pancho Villa Expedition; World War II; Battle of Saint-Mihiel, Meuse-Argonne Offensive; commander of the 1st Tank Brigade/304th Tank Brigade; commander of the 3rd Cavalry Regiment; commander of the 2nd Armored Division; commander of the II Corps; commander of the Seventh United States Army, Third United States Army, and Fifteenth United States Army during World War II; descendant of Brigadier General Hugh Mercer; father of Major General George Patton IV; Patton series of tanks were named for him [40][41]
Griswold, OscarOscar Griswold 1910 Lieutenant General; World War II; Meuse-Argonne Offensive ; commander of the 29th Infantry Regiment and 4th Infantry Regiment; commander of the XIV Corps; commander of the Seventh United States Army and the Third United States Army; recipient of two Army Distinguished Service Medals, Navy Distinguished Service Medal, and two Silver Stars [42]
Chamberlin, Stephen J.Stephen J. Chamberlin 1912 Lieutenant General; World War II; commander of the Fifth Army; recipient of the Navy Cross, the Army Distinguished Service Medal, and the Silver Star [43]
Walker, WaltonWalton Walker 1912 General; World War I, Korean War; commander of the 3rd Armored Division; commander of the XX Corps; commander of the Fifth United States Army and Eighth United States Army; recipient of two Distinguished Service Crosses, two Army Distinguished Service Medals, and three Silver Stars; father of General Sam S. Walker [44]
Spaatz, Carl AndrewCarl Andrew Spaatz 1914 General; Pancho Villa Expedition; flight instructor and fighter pilot in World War I; Eighth Air Force commander in World War II; first Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force (1947-1948) [45]
Bradley, OmarOmar Bradley 1915 General of the Army; stationed in America during World War I; commander of the 82nd Infantry Division and 28th Infantry Division in non-combat areas prior to being assigned to combat in Operation Torch, Normandy Landings, Operation Cobra, Battle of the Bulge, commander of the First United States Army, commander of the Twelfth United States Army Group; Korean War; first Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff; Administrator of the Veterans Administration; Chairman of the NATO Military Committee; Bradley Fighting Vehicle named for him [46][47]
Eisenhower, Dwight D.Dwight D. Eisenhower 1915 General of the Army; trained tank crews in Pennsylvania during World War I; World War II; commander of European Theater of Operations and Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (1942-1945); 1st Military Governor of American Occupation Zone in Germany (1945); President of Columbia University (1948-1950, 1952-1953); 1st Supreme Allied Commander Europe (1951-1952); 34th President of the United States (1953-1961) [48]
Esteves, Luis R.Luis R. Esteves 1915 Major General; first Hispanic graduate of the Academy; Pancho Villa Expedition; mayor and judge of Polvo, Mexico; commander of the 23rd Battalion, which was composed of Puerto Ricans and stationed in Panama during World War I; commander of 92nd Infantry Brigade Combat Team during World War II; founder of the Puerto Rico National Guard [49]
Larkin, Thomas B.Thomas B. Larkin 1915 Lieutenant General; reconnaissance officer during Second Battle of the Marne; Tunisia Campaign in World War II; Quartermaster General (1946-1949) [50]
Johns, DwightDwight Johns 1916 Brigadier General; Pancho Villa Expedition, World War II; recipient of the Army Distinguished Service Medal [51]
Casey, Hugh JohnHugh John Casey 1918 Major General; instructor and engineer company commander during World War I; Chief Engineer for General of the Army Douglas MacArthur for the South West Pacific theatre of World War II; initial designer of The Pentagon; father of Major Hugh Boyd Casey; father-in-law of Major General Frank Butner Clay [52]
Miley, William M.William M. Miley 1918 Major General; World War II; commander of the 503rd Parachute Infantry Regiment; commander of the 17th Airborne Division and 11th Airborne Division; recipient of the Silver Star and two Army Distinguished Service Medals [53]
Man facing slightly right in uniform with hat and gasses without temple bridges
Tasker Bliss (1875)
Man facing forward in dress uniform with two vertical columns of buttons and hat with gold trim
Hunter Liggett (1879)
Man facing forward in uniform with two vertical columns of buttons with medals
John Pershing (1886)
Man facing forward in high neck uniform with ribbon bars on
John Hines (1891)
Man wearing in chair holding a riding crop
Douglas MacArthur (1903)
young man in business suit seated in at the controls of an early-model wright brothers airplane
Hap Arnold (1907)
a tall, thin military officer standing in front of a world war I era tank
George S. Patton (1909)
Man facing right in gray cadet uniform with black trim
Thomas Larkin (1915)

References[edit]

General

^ a: Special Collections: Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the U. S. Military Academy. West Point, NY: United States Military Academy Library. 1950. 

Inline citations
  1. ^ "Soldier and Statesman: Tasker H. Bliss". United States Army. 30 August 2009. Retrieved 2010-03-22. 
  2. ^ "Eli D. Hoyle". Arlington Cemetery.net. Retrieved 2010-08-20. 
  3. ^ "Hugh L. Scott". Arlington Cemetery.net. Retrieved 2010-03-24. 
  4. ^ "Eben Swift". Arlington Cemetery.net. Retrieved 2010-08-21. 
  5. ^ "History of Fort Hunter Liggett". United States Army Installation Command. 29 December 2009. Retrieved 2010-03-21. [dead link]
  6. ^ "Benjamin Alvord, Jr.". Arlington Cemetery.net. Retrieved 2010-03-22. 
  7. ^ "Richard Whitehead Young". Utah History to Go. Retrieved 2010-03-24. 
  8. ^ "John Wilson Ruckman". PS Ruckman.com. Retrieved 2010-03-24. 
  9. ^ "Edwin Burr Babbitt". Arlington Cemetery.net. Retrieved 2010-08-13. 
  10. ^ "Robert Lee Bullard". First World War.com. Retrieved 2010-03-22. 
  11. ^ "Willard Ames Holbrook". Arlington Cemetery.net. Retrieved 2010-08-20. 
  12. ^ "Mason Patrick". Arlington Cemetery.net. Retrieved 2010-03-22. 
  13. ^ Vandiver, Frank E. (1977). Black Jack: The Life and Times of John J. Pershing - Volume I (3 ed.). College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press. p. 67. ISBN 0-89096-024-0. 
  14. ^ "48th Infantry Brigade Combat Team". 48th Infantry Brigade Combat Team Place Holder Page. Retrieved 2010-03-22. 
  15. ^ "Robert Lee Howze". The Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved 2010-04-24. 
  16. ^ "Peyton C. March". Arlington Cemetery.net. Retrieved 2010-03-22. 
  17. ^ "Charles Symmonds". Arlington Cemetery.net. Retrieved 2010-08-22. 
  18. ^ "William G. Haan". Arlington Cemetery.net. Retrieved 2010-03-22. 
  19. ^ "John Leonard Hines". Arlington National Cemetery. 19 May 2007. Retrieved 2010-03-21. 
  20. ^ "Lutz Wahl". Arlington Cemetery.net. Retrieved 2010-03-24. 
  21. ^ "Lucius Roy Holbrook". Fort Bragg. Retrieved 2010-03-22. 
  22. ^ "Fox Conner". Arlington Cemetery.net. Retrieved 2010-03-22. 
  23. ^ "Amos Fries". Arlington Cemetery.net. Retrieved 2010-03-22. 
  24. ^ "Guy Henry". Arlington Cemetery.net. Retrieved 2010-04-24. 
  25. ^ "Manus MacCloskey". Arlington Cemtery.net. Retrieved 2011-01-26. 
  26. ^ "Stanley Dunbar Embick". Arlington Cemetery.net. Retrieved 2010-04-22. 
  27. ^ "Clement A. Trott Distinguished Service Medal document". Worth Point.com. Retrieved 2010-09-28. 
  28. ^ "Ernest Dichmann Peek". Arlington Cemtery.net. Retrieved 2010-08-21. 
  29. ^ "Medal of Honor Recipients World War I". Army Center of Military History. Retrieved 2010-03-28. 
  30. ^ "Lieutenant Colonel Emory J. Pike". Iowa Medal of Honor Heroes. Retrieved 2009-04-09. 
  31. ^ "Hugh S. Johnson". Arlington Cemetery.net. Retrieved 2010-03-22. 
  32. ^ "Douglas MacArthur". United States Army Center of Military History. Retrieved 2010-03-22. 
  33. ^ "Julian L. Schley". Panama Canal Authority. Retrieved 2011-02-26. 
  34. ^ "Henry Conger Pratt". United States Air Force. Archived from the original on 2012-07-18. Retrieved 2010-09-07. 
  35. ^ Tuchman, Barbara (1971). Stilwell and the American Experience in China, 1911 - 45. New York: Macmillan Co. pp. 9–15, 145, 231–232, 304–307. ISBN 0-02-620290-5. 
  36. ^ "Frank Maxwell Andrews". Arlington Cemetery.net. Retrieved 2010-03-27. 
  37. ^ "Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright IV". Arlington Cemetery.net. Retrieved 2010-04-27. 
  38. ^ "Henry H. Arnold". Air and Space Power Journal. Retrieved 2010-03-22. 
  39. ^ "Robert L. Eichelberger". Arlington Cemetery.net. Retrieved 2010-04-22. 
  40. ^ "George S. Patton". Virginia Military Institute. Retrieved 2010-03-22. 
  41. ^ D'Este, Carlo (1995). Patton: A Genius for War. New York: Harper Perennial. pp. 58, 131. ISBN 0-06-092762-3. 
  42. ^ "Preliminary Guide to Twentieth Century Manuscripts in the U.S. Military Academy Library". United States Military Academy. Retrieved 2010-04-23. 
  43. ^ "Stephen J. Chamberlin". Military Times.com. Retrieved 2010-04-21. 
  44. ^ "Walton Walker". Arlington Cemetery.net. Retrieved 2010-04-28. 
  45. ^ Mets, David R. (1997). Master of Airpower: General Carl A. Spaatz. Presidio, CA: Presidio Press. pp. 260–1,265. ISBN 0-89141-639-0. 
  46. ^ "Omar Bradley". United States Army Center of Military History. Retrieved 2010-03-27. 
  47. ^ Hollister, Jay (3 May 2001). "General Omar Nelson Bradley". University of San Diego. Retrieved 2010-03-27. 
  48. ^ "Biography of Dwight D. Eisenhower". whitehouse.gov. The White House. Retrieved 2008-09-06. 
  49. ^ "Major General Luis Raúl Esteves Völckers". Bell South. 1 November 2002. Retrieved 2010-03-22. 
  50. ^ "Thomas B. Larkin". Arlington Cemetery.net. Retrieved 2010-03-22. 
  51. ^ "Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the U.S. Military Academy". United States Military Academy. Retrieved 2010-04-24. 
  52. ^ "Hugh John Casey". Arlington Cemetery.net. Retrieved 2010-03-22. 
  53. ^ "William M. Miley obituary". The New York Times. 28 September 1997. Retrieved 2010-04-25.