Yang di-Pertua Negeri of Sabah
|Yang di-Pertua Negeri of Sabah|
|Style||Tuan Yang Terutama
|Residence||Istana Negeri (State Palace), Kota Kinabalu, Sabah|
|Appointer||Yang di-Pertuan Agong|
|Inaugural holder||Datu Mustapha Datu Harun|
|Salary||MYR 45,000 per month|
The Yang di-Pertua Negeri of Sabah (English: the Governor of Sabah) is the ceremonial head of state of the Malaysian state of Sabah. He is also the representative in Sabah of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong. The Yang di-Pertua Negeri is styled Tuan Yang Terutama (TYT) (English: His Excellency).
The current office bearer, Juhar Mahiruddin, was sworn in on 1 January 2011.
The office of the Yang di-Pertua Negeri (Governor) is established by the Constitution of Sabah. According to Article 1 (1) of the Constitution, the office must exist and be appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong (King) after consultation with the Chief Minister. Every governor is appointed for a term of 4-years. However, the King reserves the power to extend his term of appointment.
The Governor has neither deputy nor assistant. However, in event of his inability to govern the state due to illness, absence or any other cause, the King reserves the power to appoint a person to exercise the function of the Governor.
Functions, powers and privileges
Many functions and powers of the King – at the federal level – are delegated to the Governor at the state level – like the other Rulers of States. The Governor, however, has no power and function towards the Judiciary.
Article 10 of the Constitution describes that the Governor has to act according to the Constitution and makes decisions based on the advice from the State Cabinet. However, he may also act on his own discretion in certain matters.
The Constitution provides the power to the Governor to appoint key officers of the State. Most of them are appointed after consultation with the Chief Minister, except in appointing the Chief Minister. The same process occurred during dismissal of an office bearer.
The Constitution also describes powers of the Governor in the State Legislative Assembly. All bills must be assented by the Governor in 30 days after a bill passed. The Governor also has to address the Assembly annually.
List of Yang di-Pertua Negeri
|#||Yang di-Pertua Negeri||Took office||Left office|
|1||Datu Mustapha Datu Harun||September 16, 1963||September 16, 1965|
|2||Pengiran Ahmad Raffae Pengiran Omar||September 16, 1965||September 16, 1973|
|3||Mohd. Fuad Stephens||September 16, 1973||July 28, 1975|
|4||Mohd. Hamdan Abdullah||July 28, 1975||October 10, 1977|
|5||Ahmad Koroh||October 12, 1977||June 25, 1978|
|6||Mohamad Adnan Robert||June 25, 1978||December 31, 1986|
|7||Mohd. Said Keruak||January 1, 1987||December 31, 1994|
|8||Sakaran Dandai||January 1, 1995||December 31, 2002|
|9||Ahmadshah Abdullah||January 1, 2003||December 31, 2010|
|10||Juhar Mahiruddin||January 1, 2011||present|
Living former governors
Two former Governor of Sabah are alive, the oldest being Sakaran Dandai (1995–2002, born 1930).
|Name||Term as governor||Date of birth|
|Sakaran Dandai||1995–2002||15 April 1930|
|Ahmadshah Abdullah||2003–2010||9 December 1946|
The most recent death of a former governor was that of Mohammad Adnan Robert (1978–1987), in 2003.
- "Yang di-Pertua Negeri". Sabah Government. Retrieved 2011-04-13.
- "Constitution of the State of Sabah: Part 1". Attorney-General's Chamber of the State of Sabah. Retrieved 1 October 2013.
- Previously, the Chief Minister is appointed after consultation with the Federal Prime Minister.
- "Mantan Tuan Yang Terutama Yang di-Pertua Negeri Sabah". Sabah Government. Retrieved 2011-04-13.
- Yang di-Pertua Negeri at the Sabah Government